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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208570/re-flushing-of-the-vagina-and-the-prepuce-a-cause-for-contaminated-urine-cultures-in-children
#1
Douglas A Canning
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207316/calcium-sulfate-dihydrate-urolithiasis-in-a-pet-rabbit
#2
Jaroslav Kucera, Tamara Koristkova, Barbora Gottwaldova, Vladimir Jekl
CASE DESCRIPTION A 3-year-old sexually intact male rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus) was evaluated because of a 1-day history of signs of anorexia and depression. CLINICAL FINDINGS Clinical examination revealed signs of depression, hunched posture, low skin elasticity (suggesting dehydration), slightly distended abdomen, and penile and preputial edema. The owner reported that the rabbit had been fed a routine diet, received water via a sipper bottle, and was allowed free movement around the home. It had been observed by the owner to bite and chew gypsum-based plaster from the walls of the home...
March 1, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203088/peptide-receptor-radionuclide-therapy-in-the-management-of-gastrointestinal-neuroendocrine-tumors-efficacy-profile-safety-and-quality-of-life
#3
REVIEW
Stefano Severi, Ilaria Grassi, Silvia Nicolini, Maddalena Sansovini, Alberto Bongiovanni, Giovanni Paganelli
Peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT), developed over the last two decades, is carried out using radiopharmaceuticals such as 90Y-DOTA-Tyr3-octreotide and 177Lu-DOTA-Tyr3-octreotate (177Lu-Dotatate). These radiocompounds are obtained by labeling a synthetic somatostatin analog with a β-emitting radioisotope. The compounds differ from each other in terms of their energetic features (due to the radionuclide) and peptide receptor affinity (due to the analog) but share the common characteristic of binding specific membrane somatostatin receptors that are (generally) overexpressed in neuroendocrine neoplasms (NENs) and their metastases...
2017: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202180/chemical-structure-influence-on-napl-mixture-nonideality-evolution-rate-limited-dissolution-and-contaminant-mass-flux
#4
Mark C Padgett, Geoffrey R Tick, Kenneth C Carroll, William R Burke
The influence of chemical structure on NAPL mixture nonideality evolution, rate-limited dissolution, and contaminant mass flux was examined. The variability of measured and UNIFAC modeled NAPL activity coefficients as a function of mole fraction was compared for two NAPL mixtures containing structurally-different contaminants of concern including toluene (TOL) or trichloroethene (TCE) within a hexadecane (HEXDEC) matrix. The results showed that dissolution from the NAPL mixtures transitioned from ideality for mole fractions >0...
February 3, 2017: Journal of Contaminant Hydrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198917/environmental-drivers-on-leaf-phenology-of-ironstone-outcrops-species-under-seasonal-climate
#5
Letícia C Garcia, Fernanda V Barros, José P Lemos-Filho
Banded iron formations (BIF) have a particular vegetation type and provide a good model system for testing theories related to leaf phenology, due to unique stressful environmental conditions. As a consequence of the stressful conditions of BIF environment, we hypothesize that most species would retain at least some significant canopy cover, even at the end of the dry season, independently of growth form - trees, shrubs, and sub-shrubs. Considering the strong seasonality, we also hypothesize that photoperiod and rainfall act as triggers for leaf fall and leaf flushing in these environments...
February 9, 2017: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196743/onabotulinumtoxina-in-urinary-incontinence-prospective-study-of-a-case-series
#6
A Martín-Martínez, A Fernández-Mederos, J Á García-Hernández
OBJECTIVE: To assess the safety and efficacy of a single intravesical injection of onabotulinumtoxinA (OnaBTA) for treating urge urinary incontinence (UUI) in women. METHOD: We performed a prospective case-series study of consecutive patients with refractory UUI treated with an intravesical injection of OnaBTA. The patients were administered 100 units of OnaBTA injected into the bladder wall following 4 weeks of flushing with anticholinergic agents or beta 3 agonists...
February 10, 2017: Actas Urologicas Españolas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195994/an-internet-based-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-treatment-induced-menopausal-symptoms-in-breast-cancer-survivors-results-of-a-pilot-study
#7
Vera Atema, Marieke van Leeuwen, Hester S A Oldenburg, Marc van Beurden, Myra S Hunter, Neil K Aaronson
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies demonstrated that a cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) program delivered in group sessions is effective in alleviating treatment-induced menopausal symptoms in women with breast cancer, but also that in-person CBT is inconvenient for some women and can result in low levels of program compliance. A promising, alternative approach is to use the Internet to make this form of CBT more accessible and feasible for patients. The objective of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and to generate preliminary data on the efficacy of a guided, Internet-based CBT program...
February 13, 2017: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192738/temporal-variations-in-water-quality-in-a-brackish-tidal-pond-implications-for-governing-processes-and-management-strategies
#8
Wenhui Cui, Ting Fong May Chui
Brackish tidal ponds have been constructed along coastal areas in many parts of the world for aquaculture, including some Ramsar Sites. Such ponds are considered a sustainable, wise use of wetlands if managed properly, but they can also pose serious environmental problems if mismanaged. To understand the governing processes and to promote sustainable management strategies, this study examines the different temporal variations in water quality parameters in a brackish tidal pond located within the wetland complex of the Mai Po Ramsar Site in Hong Kong, China...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191308/ralstonia-mannitolilytica-infections-in-an-oncologic-day-ward-description-of-a-cluster-among-high-risk-patients
#9
Claudia Lucarelli, Enea Gino Di Domenico, Luigi Toma, Domenico Bracco, Grazia Prignano, Maria Fortunati, Lorella Pelagalli, Fabrizio Ensoli, Patrizio Pezzotti, Aurora García-Fernández, Annalisa Pantosti, Loredana Ingrosso
BACKGROUND: Ralstonia spp, an environmental microorganism, has been occasionally associated with healthcare infections. The aim of this study was to investigate an outbreak caused by Ralstonia mannitolilytica in oncology patients. METHODS: Case definition: Oncology outpatients attending a day ward, with positive blood and/or central venous catheter (CVC) culture for Ralstonia spp from September 2013 - June 2014. We analysed medical records, procedures and environmental samples...
2017: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190832/dimerization-products-of-chloroprene-are-background-contaminants-emitted-from-altef-polyvinylidene-difluoride-gas-sampling-bags
#10
Jae Kwak, Maomian Fan, Jennifer A Martin, Darrin K Ott, Claude C Grigsby
Gas sampling bags have been used for collecting air samples. Tedlar bags are most commonly used, but bleed background chemicals such as N,N-dimethylacetamide and phenol. It is often necessary to remove the contaminant by flushing the bags with pure nitrogen or air. In this study, we identified four chloroprene dimerization products as background contaminants emitted from ALTEF bags that are made of a proprietary polyvinylidene difluoride (PVDF). No monomer chloroprene was detected in the bags analyzed. All of the dimers gradually increased once bags were filled with nitrogen due to diffusion from the bag surface...
2017: Analytical Sciences: the International Journal of the Japan Society for Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190819/cholecystectomy-in-a-heifer
#11
Takeshi Tsuka, Hinako Tanaka, Shinji Kono, Takehito Morita, Yusuke Murahata, Kazuo Azuma, Tomohiro Osaki, Norihiko Ito, Yoshiharu Okamoto, Tomohiro Imagawa
A 10-month-old female Japanese black heifer presenting with sudden loss of appetite was diagnosed with extreme extension of the gallbladder. Laparotomy reaching from the right part of the 10th rib to the right flank showed an extended gallbladder greater than 50 cm in diameter. Cholecystectomy was performed as follows: 1) complete removal of the gallbladder distally from the base; 2) flushing via a catheter inserted into the common bile duct; and 3) covering of the hole opened in the common bile duct with a double-suturing method using the mucous membrane and muscular layers of the remaining gallbladder structures...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190546/sevoflurane-attenuates-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-in-a%C3%A2-rat%C3%A2-lung%C3%A2-transplantation-model
#12
Akihiro Ohsumi, Katherine Marseu, Peter Slinger, Karen McRae, Hyunhee Kim, Zehong Guan, David M Hwang, Mingyao Liu, Shaf Keshavjee, Marcelo Cypel
BACKGROUND: Sevoflurane is one of the most commonly used volatile anesthetic agents with the fastest onset and offset, replacing isoflurane in modern anesthesiology. Preconditioning and postconditioning using volatile anesthetics can attenuate ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI). However, no previous studies have evaluated the effect of sevoflurane in lung transplantation after cold ischemic injury. We aimed to study the effects of donor and recipient treatment with sevoflurane in a rat lung transplantation model...
February 9, 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187135/pathogen-cross-transmission-via-building-sanitary-plumbing-systems-in-a-full-scale-pilot-test-rig
#13
Michael Gormley, Thomas J Aspray, David A Kelly, Cristina Rodriguez-Gil
The WHO Consensus Document on the epidemiology of the SARS epidemic in 2003, included a report on a concentrated outbreak in one Hong Kong housing block which was considered a 'super-spreading event'. The WHO report conjectured that the sanitary plumbing system was one transmission route for the virus. Empty U-traps allowed the aerosolised virus to enter households from the sewerage system. No biological evidence was presented. This research reports evidence that pathogens can be aerosolised and transported on airstreams within sanitary plumbing systems and enter buildings via empty U-traps...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186464/evaluation-of-antimicrobial-photodynamic-therapy-using-indocyanine-green-and-near-infrared-diode-laser-against-enterococcus-faecalis-in-infected-human-root-canals
#14
Charis Beltes, Nikolaos Economides, Hercules Sakkas, Chrissanthy Papadopoulou, Theodoros Lambrianidis
OBJECTIVE: Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is considered a promising adjunct to the currently available endodontic disinfection techniques leading to more effective reduction of intracanal bacteria. The present ex vivo study aimed to assess the antimicrobial effect of PDT using indocyanine green (ICG) as photosensitizer and a near-infrared (NIR) diode laser in root canals of human teeth infected with Enterococcus faecalis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ninety single-rooted teeth after chemomechanical preparation and sterilization were contaminated with an E...
February 9, 2017: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178365/development-and-clinical-validation-of-a-novel-photography-based-skin-erythema-evaluation-system-a-comparison-with-the-calculated-consensus-of-dermatologists
#15
M Cho, D-H Lee, E J Doh, Y Kim, J H Chung, H C Kim, S Kim
Erythema is the most common presenting sign of skin conditions [1,2]. Erythema reflects the degree of inflammation associated with various diseases, such as atopic dermatitis, psoriasis, and lupus erythematosus; it is also cosmetically troublesome in subjects with flushing, rosacea, and photoaging [3,4]. In addition, there are vascular disorders that present with erythema, such as nevus flammeus, telangiectasia, and post-acne erythema [5]. Various therapeutic devices, medicines, and cosmetics have been developed to improve these dermatological conditions [6,7]...
February 8, 2017: International Journal of Cosmetic Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176897/mechanical-characteristics-of-plastic-base-ports-and-impact-on-flushing-efficacy
#16
Gérard Guiffant, Patrice Flaud, Laurent Royon, Espérie Burnet, Jacques Merckx
BACKGROUND: Three types of totally implantable venous access devices, Ports, are currently in use: titanium, plastic (polyoxymethylene, POM), and mixed (titanium base with a POM shell). Physics theory suggests that the interaction between a non-coring needle (NCN, made of stainless steel) and a plastic base would lead to the stronger material (steel) altering the more malleable material (plastic). OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether needle impacts can alter a plastic base's surface, thus potentially reducing flushing efficacy...
2017: Medical Devices: Evidence and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176235/randomized-double-blind-crossover-study-comparing-dfn-11-injection-3%C3%A2-mg-subcutaneous-sumatriptan-with-6%C3%A2-mg-subcutaneous-sumatriptan-for-the-treatment-of-rapidly-escalating-attacks-of-episodic-migraine
#17
Roger K Cady, Sagar Munjal, Ryan J Cady, Heather R Manley, Elimor Brand-Schieber
BACKGROUND: A 6-mg dose of SC sumatriptan is the most efficacious and fast-acting acute treatment for migraine, but a 3-mg dose of SC sumatriptan may improve tolerability while maintaining efficacy. METHODS: This randomized, double-blind, crossover study compared the efficacy and tolerability of 3 mg subcutaneous (SC) sumatriptan (DFN-11) with 6 mg SC sumatriptan in 20 adults with rapidly-escalating migraine attacks. Eligible subjects were randomized (1:1) to treat 1 attack with DFN-11 and matching placebo autoinjector consecutively or 2 DFN-11 autoinjectors consecutively and a second attack similarly but with the alternative dose (3 mg or 6 mg)...
December 2017: Journal of Headache and Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174716/opening-cftr-in-the-intestine-flushing-on-demand
#18
EDITORIAL
Wayne I Lencer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Cellular and Molecular Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28171863/a-retrospective-study-on-the-onset-of-menopause-after-chemotherapy-analysis-of-data-extracted-from-the-jean-perrin-comprehensive-cancer-center-database-concerning-345-young-breast-cancer-patients-diagnosed-between-1994-and-2012
#19
Joyce Dohou, Marie-Ange Mouret-Reynier, Fabrice Kwiatkowski, Marie Arbre, Pauline Herviou, Mélanie Pouget, Catherine Abrial, Frédérique Penault-Llorca
OBJECTIVE: Young breast cancer (BC) patients receiving chemotherapy are at risk of chemotherapy-induced menopause (CIM). We sought to define the incidence rate of premature menopause after chemotherapy and to retrospectively investigate factors related to the onset of menopause. METHODS: We identified BC patients who had received chemotherapy at the Cancer Center (Centre Jean-Perrin). We selected premenopausal women aged between 18 and 50 years at the moment of diagnosis who received chemotherapy between 1994 and 2012...
February 8, 2017: Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169335/investigating-the-temporal-dynamics-of-suspended-sediment-during-flood-events-with-7-be-and-210-pbxs-measurements-in-a-drained-lowland-catchment
#20
Marion Le Gall, Olivier Evrard, Anthony Foucher, J Patrick Laceby, Sébastien Salvador-Blanes, Louis Manière, Irène Lefèvre, Olivier Cerdan, Sophie Ayrault
Soil erosion is recognized as one of the main processes of land degradation in agricultural areas. High suspended sediment loads, often generated from eroding agricultural landscapes, are known to degrade downstream environments. Accordingly, there is a need to understand soil erosion dynamics during flood events. Suspended sediment was therefore sampled in the river network and at tile drain outlets during five flood events in a lowland drained catchment in France. Source and sediment fallout radionuclide concentrations ((7)Be, (210)Pbxs) were measured to quantify both the fraction of recently eroded particles transported during flood events and their residence time...
February 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
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