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Tetsuro Sawata, Masashi Bando, Masayuki Nakayama, Naoko Mato, Hideaki Yamasawa, Yukihiko Sugiyama
Objective The influence of smoking on the pathogenesis and clinical course of interstitial pneumonia has recently attracted attention. To clarify the influence of smoking on the clinical patient characteristics and therapeutic effects in patients with interstitial pneumonia presenting with a non-specific interstitial pneumonia (NSIP) pattern, we compared the clinical patient characteristics and therapeutic effects in smokers and nonsmokers in this study. Methods We divided 31 NSIP (16 idiopathic nonspecific interstitial pneumonia and 15 collagen vascular disease-associated nonspecific interstitial pneumonia) patients into smoker and non-smoker groups for each case...
2016: Internal Medicine
Jessica Brandi, Ilaria Dando, Elisa Dalla Pozza, Giulia Biondani, Rosalind Jenkins, Victoria Elliott, Kevin Park, Giuseppina Fanelli, Lello Zolla, Eithne Costello, Aldo Scarpa, Daniela Cecconi, Marta Palmieri
: Recently, we have shown that the secretome of pancreatic cancer stem cells (CSCs) is characterized by proteins that participate in cancer differentiation, invasion, and metastasis. However, the differentially expressed intracellular proteins that lead to the specific characteristics of pancreatic CSCs have not yet been identified, and as a consequence the deranged metabolic pathways are yet to be elucidated. To identify the modulated proteins of pancreatic CSCs, iTRAQ-based proteomic analysis was performed to compare the proteome of Panc1 CSCs and Panc1 parental cells, identifying 230 modulated proteins...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Proteomics
Ivana Jochmanova, Karel Pacak
Dysregulated metabolism is one of the key characteristics of cancer cells. The most prominent alterations are present during regulation of cell respiration, which leads to a switch from oxidative phosphorylation to aerobic glycolysis. This metabolic shift results in activation of numerous signaling and metabolic pathways supporting cell proliferation and survival. Recent progress in genetics and metabolomics has allowed us to take a closer look at the metabolic changes present in pheochromocytomas (PHEO) and paragangliomas (PGL)...
October 15, 2016: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
Irini Sereti, Shelly J Krebs, Nittaya Phanuphak, James L Fletcher, Bonnie Slike, Suteeraporn Pinyakorn, Robert J O'Connell, Adam Rupert, Nicolas Chomont, Victor Valcour, Jerome H Kim, Merlin L Robb, Nelson L Michael, Daniel C Douek, Jintanat Ananworanich, Netanya S Utay
BACKGROUND:  Serious non-AIDS events cause substantial morbidity and mortality despite HIV suppression with antiretroviral therapy (ART). Biomarkers of inflammation, coagulation cascade activation, and fibrosis predict these end-organ events. We aimed to determine whether ART initiation during acute HIV infection would attenuate changes in these biomarker levels. METHODS:  Plasma samples were obtained from participants starting ART during acute HIV infection, chronic HIV infection, and HIV-uninfected participants, from Bangkok, Thailand...
October 12, 2016: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
Camila Chaves Viana, Carla Marques Nicolau, Regina Celia Turola Passos Juliani, Werther Brunow de Carvalho, Vera Lucia Jornada Krebs
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of manual hyperinflation, performed with a manual resuscitator with and without the positive end-expiratory pressure valve, on the respiratory function of preterm newborns under mechanical ventilation. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of hemodynamically stable preterm newborns with gestational age of less than 32 weeks, under mechanical ventilation and dependent on it at 28 days of life. Manual hyperinflation was applied randomly, alternating the use or not of the positive end-expiratory pressure valve, followed by tracheal aspiration for ending the maneuver...
September 2016: Revista Brasileira de Terapia Intensiva
Maxime Janin, Manel Esteller
Mutations to the Krebs cycle enzyme fumarate hydratase in cancer cells leads to an accumulation of the oncometabolite fumarate. Sciacovelli et al. (2016) demonstrate an epigenetically dependent epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition mediated by modulation of the miR-200 cluster and TET demethylation in response to fumarate accumulation.
October 11, 2016: Cell Metabolism
Jasna But-Hadzic, Franc Anderluh, Erik Brecelj, Ibrahim Edhemovic, Ajra Secerov-Ermenc, Rihard Hudej, Ana Jeromen, Miran Kozelj, Bojan Krebs, Irena Oblak, Mirko Omejc, Andrej Vogrin, Vaneja Velenik
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: This phase 2 study investigated the efficacy and safety of preoperative intensity modulated radiation therapy with a simultaneous integrated boost (IMRT-SIB) without dose escalation, concomitant with standard capecitabine chemotherapy in locally advanced rectal cancer. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Between January 2014 and March 2015, 51 patients with operable stage II-III rectal adenocarcinoma received preoperative IMRT with pelvic dose of 41.8 Gy and simultaneously delivered 46...
August 31, 2016: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
Eva Maria Teegen, Isabell Krebs, Corinna Langelotz, Johann Pratschke, Beate Rau
BACKGROUND: Gender differences in medicine are gaining in importance. In transplant surgery, not only the patient's gender but also that of the donor play an important role in the outcome of transplantation due to sociocultural and genetic factors. METHODS: This review article gives an overview of the latest investigations into gender-related influences in the field of visceral transplantation. For this purpose, a systematic review of the literature was performed...
August 2016: Visc Med
Azar Hussain, Robert T Bennett, Mubarak A Chaudhry, Syed S Qadri, Mike Cowen, Alyn H Morice, Mahmoud Loubani
AIM: To determine the optimum resting tension (ORT) for in vitro human pulmonary artery (PA) ring preparations. METHODS: Pulmonary arteries were dissected from disease free sections of the resected lung in the operating theatre and tissue samples were directly sent to the laboratory in Krebs-Henseleit solution (Krebs). The pulmonary arteries were then cut into 2 mm long rings. PA rings were mounted in 25 mL organ baths or 8 mL myograph chambers containing Krebs compound (37 °C, bubbled with 21% O2: 5% CO2) to measure changes in isometric tension...
September 26, 2016: World Journal of Cardiology
B C Medeiros, A T Fathi, C D DiNardo, D A Pollyea, S M Chan, R Swords
Alterations to genes involved in cellular metabolism and epigenetic regulation are implicated in the pathogenesis of myeloid malignancies. Recurring mutations in isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) genes are detected in approximately 20% of adult patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and 5% of adults with myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS). IDH proteins are homodimeric enzymes involved in diverse cellular processes, including adaptation to hypoxia, histone demethylation, and DNA modification. The IDH2 protein is localized in the mitochondria and is a critical component of the tricarboxylic acid (TCA, also called the 'citric acid' or Krebs) cycle...
October 10, 2016: Leukemia: Official Journal of the Leukemia Society of America, Leukemia Research Fund, U.K
Selenia Ternullo, Louis de Weerd, Gøril Eide Flaten, Ann Mari Holsæter, Nataša Škalko-Basnet
Development of effective (trans)dermal drug delivery systems requires reliable skin models to evaluate skin drug penetration. The isolated perfused human skin flap remains metabolically active tissue for up to 6h during in vitro perfusion. We introduce the isolated perfused human skin flap as a close-to-in vivo skin penetration model. To validate the model's ability to evaluate skin drug penetration the solutions of a hydrophilic (calcein) and a lipophilic (rhodamine) fluorescence marker were applied. The skin flaps were perfused with modified Krebs-Henseleit buffer (pH7...
October 5, 2016: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Georgina Krebs, Kim Murray, Amita Jassi
There is a high rate of comorbidity between obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Standard cognitive-behavior therapy (CBT) protocols have been shown to be less effective in treating OCD in young people with ASD than in typically developing youth. This case study describes the treatment of an adolescent boy with severe, treatment-resistant OCD and ASD using a modified CBT approach. Modifications to a standard evidence-based CBT for OCD protocol included extended psychoeducation about anxiety; regular home-based sessions; and increased involvement of systems, including family and school...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychology
Serdar Elhatisari, Ning Li, Alexander Rokash, Jose Manuel Alarcón, Dechuan Du, Nico Klein, Bing-Nan Lu, Ulf-G Meißner, Evgeny Epelbaum, Hermann Krebs, Timo A Lähde, Dean Lee, Gautam Rupak
How do protons and neutrons bind to form nuclei? This is the central question of ab initio nuclear structure theory. While the answer may seem as simple as the fact that nuclear forces are attractive, the full story is more complex and interesting. In this work we present numerical evidence from ab initio lattice simulations showing that nature is near a quantum phase transition, a zero-temperature transition driven by quantum fluctuations. Using lattice effective field theory, we perform Monte Carlo simulations for systems with up to twenty nucleons...
September 23, 2016: Physical Review Letters
Andreas Krebs, Juergen Doerfer, Alexandra Krause, Juergen Grulich-Henn, Martin Holder, Wolfgang Hecker, Kai Lichte, Arno Schmidt-Trucksaess, Karl Winkler, Karl Otfried Schwab
BACKGROUND: The objective of the study was to assess the effect of atorvastatin on inflammation markers and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) subfractions. METHODS: In a prospective, randomized, double-blind pilot study involving 28 adolescents with type 1 diabetes (T1D), lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) activity, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP), and subfractions of LDL were measured at baseline, after 1 year and 2 years of treatment with atorvastatin (10 mg/day) vs...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
Halil Kara, Fatma Isli, Gokce Sevim Ozturk Fincan, Seniz Yildirim, Sevim Ercan, Yusuf Sarioglu
BACKGROUND: Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is a gaseous signaling molecule that, similar to nitric oxide (NO), plays an important role as an inhibitor neurotransmitter in the digestive tract. This study aimed to investigate the effect of H2S and to identify neurogenic contraction responses dependent on the electrical field stimulation (EFS) in the isolated lower esophageal sphincters of rabbits. METHODS: An isolated lower esophageal sphincter was placed in an organ bath system and mechanical responses were recorded using a force transducer...
September 6, 2016: Pharmacological Reports: PR
Rich Boden, Lee P Hutt, Marcel Huntemann, Alicia Clum, Manoj Pillay, Krishnaveni Palaniappan, Neha Varghese, Natalia Mikhailova, Dimitrios Stamatis, Tatiparthi Reddy, Chew Yee Ngan, Chris Daum, Nicole Shapiro, Victor Markowitz, Natalia Ivanova, Tanja Woyke, Nikos Kyrpides
Thermithiobacillus tepidarius DSM 3134(T) was originally isolated (1983) from the waters of a sulfidic spring entering the Roman Baths (Temple of Sulis-Minerva) at Bath, United Kingdom and is an obligate chemolithoautotroph growing at the expense of reduced sulfur species. This strain has a genome size of 2,958,498 bp. Here we report the genome sequence, annotation and characteristics. The genome comprises 2,902 protein coding and 66 RNA coding genes. Genes responsible for the transaldolase variant of the Calvin-Benson-Bassham cycle were identified along with a biosynthetic horseshoe in lieu of Krebs' cycle sensu stricto...
2016: Standards in Genomic Sciences
Natascha Luther, Fatemeh Shahneh, Melanie Brähler, Franziska Krebs, Sven Jäckel, Saravanan Subramaniam, Christian Stanger, Tanja Schönfelder, Bettina Kleis-Fischer, Christoph Reinhardt, Hans C Probst, Philip Wenzel, Katrin Schäfer, Christian Becker
RATIONALE: Immune cells play an important role during the generation and resolution of thrombosis. T cells are powerful regulators of immune and non-immune cell function, however their role in sterile inflammation in venous thrombosis has not been systematically examined. OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the recruitment, activation and inflammatory activity of T cells in deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and its consequences for venous thrombus resolution. METHODS AND RESULTS: CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells infiltrate the thrombus and vein wall rapidly upon DVT induction and remain in the tissue throughout thrombus resolution...
October 5, 2016: Circulation Research
Keishi Sugino, Yasuhiko Nakamura, Yoko Muramatsu, Yoshinobu Hata, Kazutoshi Shibuya, Sakae Homma
Acute exacerbation (AE) of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is characterized by severe worsening dyspnea and high mortality. It has been proven that the serum neutrophil elastase (NE) level, in addition to the serum Krebs von den Lungen-6 (KL-6) and surfactant protein-D (SP-D) levels, was elevated in patients with IPF-AE. Glutathione (GSH) is the major antioxidant involved in cell metabolism and survival. It is also known that IPF is characterized by reduced GSH levels in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid and blood...
October 2016: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
Balekari Umamahesh, Ciddi Veeresham
AIM: Abrus precatorius leaves methanolic extract (APME) was evaluated for in vivo antihyperglycemic activity and in vitro insulinotropic effect. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In vivo antihyperglycemic and insulin secretagogue activities were assessed in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats by oral administration of APME (200 mg/kg body weight [bw]) for 28 days. In vitro insulin secretion mechanisms were studied using mouse insulinoma beta cells (MIN6-β). In vivo body weight and blood glucose and in vivo and in vitro insulin levels were estimated...
October 2016: Pharmacognosy Research
Amanda J Youker, Sergey D Chemerisov, Peter Tkac, Michael Kalensky, Thad A Heltemes, David A Rotsch, George F Vandegrift, John F Krebs, Vakho Makarashvili, Dominique C Stepinski
: Molybdenum-99, the parent of the widely used medical isotope (99m)Tc, is currently produced by irradiation of enriched uranium in nuclear reactors. The supply of this isotope is encumbered by the aging of these reactors and concerns about international transportation and nuclear proliferation. METHODS: We report results for the production of (99)Mo from the accelerator-driven subcritical fission of an aqueous solution containing low enriched uranium. The predominately fast neutrons generated by impinging high-energy electrons onto a tantalum convertor are moderated to thermal energies to increase fission processes...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
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