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Physical Rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158960/a-combined-treatment-approach-emphasizing-impairment-based-manual-therapy-and-exercise-for-hip-related-compensatory-injury-in-elite-athletes-a-case-series
#1
Steve Short, Gretchen Short, Donald Strack, Philip Anloague, Brian Brewster
Background/Purpose: Athletes experiencing hip, groin, and low back pain often exhibit similar clinical characteristics. Individuals with hip, groin and low back pain may have the presence of multiple concurrent pathoanatomical diagnoses. Regardless, similar regional characteristics and dysfunction may contribute to the patient's chief complaint, potentially creating a sub-group of individuals that may be defined by lumbopelvic and hip mobility limitations, motor control impairments, and other shared clinical findings...
November 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158952/the-impact-of-attentional-focus-on-the-treatment-of-musculoskeletal-and-movement-disorders
#2
Christopher Hunt, Arsenio Paez, Eric Folmar
Treatment plans employed by physical therapists involved in musculoskeletal rehabilitation may follow a conventional medical-model approach, isolating care at the tissue level but neglecting consideration for neurocognitive contributions to recovery. Understanding and integration of motor learning concepts into physical therapy practice is integral for influencing the human movement system in the most effective manner. One such motor learning concept is the use of verbal instruction to influence the attentional focus of the learner...
November 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158667/different-protocols-for-analyzing-behavior-and-adaptability-in-obstacle-crossing-in-parkinson-s-disease
#3
REVIEW
Nafiseh Mollaei, Estela Bicho, Nuno Sousa, Miguel Fernandes Gago
Imbalance and tripping over obstacles as a result of altered gait in older adults, especially in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD), are one of the most common causes of falls. During obstacle crossing, patients with PD modify their behavior in order to decrease the mechanical demands and enhance dynamic stability. Various descriptions of dynamic traits of gait that have been collected over longer periods, probably better synthesize the underlying structure and pattern of fluctuations in gait and can be more sensitive markers of aging or early neurological dysfunction and increased risk of falls...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157846/definition-of-traumatic-brain-injury-neurosurgery-trauma-orthopedics-neuroimaging-psychology-and-psychiatry-in-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#4
REVIEW
Mubashir Pervez, Ryan S Kitagawa, Tiffany R Chang
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) disrupts the normal function of the brain. This condition can adversely affect a person's quality of life with cognitive, behavioral, emotional, and physical symptoms that limit interpersonal, social, and occupational functioning. Although many systems exist, the simplest classification includes mild, moderate, and severe TBI depending on the nature of injury and the impact on the patient's clinical status. Patients with TBI require prompt evaluation and multidisciplinary management...
February 2018: Neuroimaging Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157737/predicting-successful-prosthetic-rehabilitation-in-major-lower-limb-amputation-patients-a-15-year-retrospective-cohort-study
#5
Inés Fajardo-Martos, Olga Roda, Ramón Zambudio-Periago, Aurora Bueno-Cavanillas, Fidel Hita-Contreras, Indalecio Sánchez-Montesinos
OBJECTIVE: To determine and compare specific factors that could be associated and predictive with successful prosthetic rehabilitation in major lower-limb amputations. METHODS: A 15-year long (2000-2014) retrospective observational cohort study was conducted. Two different criteria were used to define successful prosthetic rehabilitation: (1) the ability to walk at least 45m, regardless of assistive devices; and (2) walking >45m without other ambulatory aids than one cane (if required)...
November 7, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157539/physical-medicine-and-rehabilitation-value-in-bundled-payment-for-total-joint-replacement-and-cardiac-surgery-the-rusk-experience
#6
REVIEW
Steven R Flanagan, Jonathan Whiteson, Geoffrey Hall, Christopher J Standaert
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157194/patient-involvement-in-healthcare-professional-practice-a-question-about-knowledge
#7
Tine Aagaard
The concept of patient involvement is ambiguous and contested in the healthcare systems in Western Europe and North America. Current research indicates that patients only feel moderately involved in their treatment and care. This article builds on a study of chronically ill patients' perspectives on healthcare practice in Greenland. It discusses the significance of including in healthcare practice knowledge of patients' everyday lives with illness and their own views on their situations. Research was qualitative and ethnographic...
2017: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157025/non-pharmacological-rehabilitation-interventions-for-concussion-in-children-a-scoping-review
#8
Danielle M Dobney, Matthew B Miller, Emily Tufts
PURPOSE: To summarise the extent, nature, and quality of current scholarly literature related to non-pharmacological, rehabilitation interventions following concussion, or mild traumatic brain injury in children. METHODS: An electronic search was conducted from 1987 to 24 October 2017. Studies were included if they met the following criteria: (1) full text, peer reviewed, and written in English, (2) original research, (3) diagnosed concussion or mild traumatic brain injury, (4) described the evaluation of an intervention, (5) the outcome was a concussion impairment, and (6) the mean/median age was under 19...
November 20, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157000/pre-injury-psychosocial-and-demographic-predictors-of-long-term-functional-outcomes-post-tbi
#9
Katharine S Seagly, Rochelle L O'Neil, Robin A Hanks
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether pre-injury psychosocial and demographic factors differentially influence long-term functional outcomes post-TBI. SETTING: Urban rehabilitation hospital. PARTICIPANTS: 149 individuals, ages 16-75, who sustained a mild complicated, moderate or severe TBI, were enrolled in a TBI Model System (TBIMS), and had functional outcome data five-15 years post-injury. DESIGN: Archival data were analysed with SPSS-18 using multiple regression to determine amount of variance accounted for in five functional domains...
November 20, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156906/the-development-of-neurology-palliative-care-service-for-motor-neuron-disease-mnd-patients-hong-kong-experience
#10
Hon Wai Benjamin Cheng, Wai Tsan Tracy Chen, Chun Kwok Angus Chu, Savio Lee, Joo Shium Lee, Yeuk Fai Hong, Yuen Kwan Judy Chung
BACKGROUND: Motor neuron disease (MND) is a neurodegenerative disease characterized by loss of motor neurons in the spinal cord, brainstem and motor cortex. Clinically it is manifested as progressive decline in physical, respiratory, swallowing and communication function and ultimately death. Traditional model of care was fragmented and did not match with patients and carers multi-facet needs. METHODS: A special workgroup for MND patients that includes neurologist, respiratory physician, rehabilitation specialist and palliative care (PC) physician was formed in Hong Kong since year 2013...
September 15, 2017: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155369/virtual-rehabilitation-with-children-challenges-for-clinical-adoption-from-the-field
#11
Stephanie Glegg
Virtual, augmented, and mixed reality environments are increasingly being developed and used to address functional rehabilitation goals related to physical, cognitive, social, and psychological impairments. For example, a child with an acquired brain injury may participate in virtual rehabilitation to address impairments in balance, attention, turn taking, and engagement in therapy. The trend toward virtual rehabilitation first gained momentum with the adoption of commercial off-the-shelf active video gaming consoles (e...
November 2017: IEEE Pulse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154509/technology-assisted-rehabilitation-interventions-following-pediatric-brain-injury
#12
Shari L Wade, Megan E Narad, Emily L Shultz, Brad G Kurowski, Aimee E Miley, Jessica M Aguilar, Anna-Lynne R Adlam
INTRODUCTION: Following traumatic brain injury (TBI), children experience a variety of physical, motor, speech, and cognitive deficits that can have a long-term detrimental impact. The emergence and popularity of new technologies has led to research into the development of various apps, gaming systems, websites, and robotics that might be applied to rehabilitation. The objective of this narrative review was to describe the current literature technologically-assisted interventions for the rehabilitation of motor, neurocognitive, behavioral, and family impairments following pediatric TBI...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152685/cerebral-palsy-an-overview
#13
REVIEW
Sheffali Gulati, Vishal Sondhi
Cerebral palsy (CP) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by abnormalities of muscle tone, movement and motor skills, and is attributed to injury to the developing brain. The clinical features of this entity evolve over time and the specific CP syndrome may be recognizable only after 3-5 y of age; although suggestive signs and symptoms may be present at an earlier age. The management involves neurological rehabilitation (addressing muscle tonal abnormalities, and devising physical and occupational therapies) and diagnosis and management of co-morbidities (including epilepsy, impairment of cognition, vision, hearing, and disturbances of growth and gastrointestinal function)...
November 20, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151420/-clinical-application-of-vsd-negative-pressure-aspiration-and-detoxification-in-severe-snake-bite
#14
Zhipeng Zheng, Gonglei Chen, Wei Liang, Xu Ji, Jing Yin, Meiling Liu, Wentao Chen, Yigang Yu, Wei Chen
OBJECTIVE: To assess the clinical efficacy of vacuum sealing drainage (VSD) in the treatment of mixed poisonous snake bite. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted. Forty-three snake bite patients by mixed poisonous snakes admitted to Department of Emergency of the 175th Hospital of People's Liberation Army from February 2015 to February 2017 were enrolled. All patients were divided into routine treatment group (n = 20) and VSD treatment group (n = 23) according to whether early incision decompression and using the VSD technique...
November 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151360/balancing-the-playing-field-collaborative-gaming-for-physical-training
#15
Michael Mace, Nawal Kinany, Paul Rinne, Anthony Rayner, Paul Bentley, Etienne Burdet
BACKGROUND: Multiplayer video games promoting exercise-based rehabilitation may facilitate motor learning, by increasing motivation through social interaction. However, a major design challenge is to enable meaningful inter-subject interaction, whilst allowing for significant skill differences between players. We present a novel motor-training paradigm that allows real-time collaboration and performance enhancement, across a wide range of inter-subject skill mismatches, including disabled vs...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149797/findings-from-a-strength-based-moderate-intensity-exercise-interventions-for-individuals-with-dementia-innovative-practice
#16
Nicole Dawson, Hayden Gerhart, Katherine S Judge
Limited evidence exists regarding exercise interventions with individuals with dementia, which is often due to heterogeneity of methodology and outcomes being assessed. This led to the development and evaluation of a moderate-intensity home-based functional exercise program guided by theories from exercise science and the Strength-Based Approach. Data indicated excellent treatment adherence (99.04%) along with high levels of acceptability and feasibility in this sample (age 76.63 years (9.84); Mini Mental State Exam 18...
January 1, 2017: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149146/dexamethasone-and-dexmedetomidine-as-an-adjuvant-to-intraarticular-bupivacaine-for-postoperative-pain-relief-in-knee-arthroscopic-surgery-a-randomized-trial
#17
Seham M Moeen, Islam K Ramadan, Hesham A Elkady
BACKGROUND: Knee arthroscopy causes minimal trauma, however, good analgesia is required for early rehabilitation and return to normal life in the patients. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to compare the analgesic effects of intraarticular dexamethasone and dexmedetomidine added to bupivacaine with those of bupivacaine alone. STUDY DESIGN: This study uses a double-blind, randomized, controlled design with allocation concealment in a 3-armed parallel group format among patients undergoing arthroscopic meniscal surgery...
November 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146661/what-is-the-relationship-between-physical-activity-and-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-stroke-survivors-post-completion-of-rehabilitation-protocol-for-a-longitudinal-study
#18
Natalie A Fini, Julie Bernhardt, Anne E Holland
INTRODUCTION: Physical activity (PA) can modify cardiovascular and other health risks in people with stroke, but we know little about long-term PA in this group. This study aims to describe PA levels and investigate relationships between PA, cardiovascular risk factors, mobility and participant characteristics (eg, age, mood and fatigue) in the 2 years following rehabilitation discharge after first stroke. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This is a longitudinal observational study with follow-up at 6, 12 and 24 months after rehabilitation discharge...
November 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145841/rehabilitation-for-cancer-patients-at-black-lion-hospital-addis-ababa-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Teshager Worku, Zuriash Mengistu, Agumasie Semahegn, Gezahegn Tesfaye
BACKGROUND: In Ethiopia, there were greater than 2000 adult and 200 pediatric cancer patients annually in 2010, but the estimated number of cancer patients were increasing. Oncologic rehabilitation treatment may result in improved physical and mental impairment. There is a paucity of information about rehabilitation service utilization among cancer patients in Ethiopia. Hence, the purpose of this study was to assess the rehabilitation service for cancer patient and associated factors at Black Lion hospital, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia...
November 16, 2017: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145831/copd-online-rehabilitation-versus-conventional-copd-rehabilitation-rationale-and-design-for-a-multicenter-randomized-controlled-trial-study-protocol-core-trial
#20
Henrik Hansen, Theresa Bieler, Nina Beyer, Nina Godtfredsen, Thomas Kallemose, Anne Frølich
BACKGROUND: Rehabilitation of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a key treatment in COPD. However, despite the existing evidence and a strong recommendation from lung associations worldwide, 50% of patients with COPD decline to participate in COPD rehabilitation program and 30-50% drop-out before completion. The main reasons are severe symptoms, inflexible accessibility and necessity for transportation. Currently there are no well-established and evident rehabilitation alternatives...
November 16, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
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