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Physical Rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346572/effectiveness-of-cardiac-rehabilitation-for-prevention-and-treatment-of-sarcopenia-in-patients-with-cardiovascular-disease-a-retrospective-cross-sectional-analysis
#1
H Harada, H Kai, H Niiyama, Y Nishiyama, A Katoh, N Yoshida, Y Fukumoto, H Ikeda
OBJECTIVE: Sarcopenia is a syndrome characterized by progressive and generalized loss of skeletal muscle mass and strength, with the risk of frailty and poor quality of life. This study aimed to clarify the clinical characteristics of sarcopenia and to investigate the effects of comprehensive cardiac rehabilitation (CCR), including nutrition, physical exercise and medication, in patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD). METHODS: We retrospectively studied 322 inpatients with CVD (age 72±12 years)...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345427/emotional-freedom-techniques-eft-as-a-practice-for-supporting-chronic-disease-healthcare-a-practitioners-perspective
#2
Mahima Kalla, Margaret Simmons, Anske Robinson, Peta Stapleton
PURPOSE: The objective of the present study was to explore Emotional Freedom Techniques (EFT) practitioners' experiences of using EFT to support chronic disease patients. This was part of a larger study exploring chronic disease patients' and EFT practitioners' experiences of using EFT to support chronic disease healthcare. METHODS: A qualitative approach was deemed suitable for this study. Eight practitioners were interviewed using semi-structured interviews via telephone or Zoom (an online video-conferencing platform)...
March 27, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345359/a-new-equation-based-on-the-6-min-walking-test-to-predict-vo2peak-in-women-with-obesity
#3
Lore Metz, David Thivel, Bruno Peirrera, Ruddy Richard, Valérie Julian, Martine Duclos
OBJECTIVE: The 6-min walking test (6 MWT) is commonly used to assess obese patients' aerobic fitness, but it has rarely been compared with a direct measurement of maximal aerobic capacities (VO2max or VO2peak) in obese adults. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between the distance covered during a 6 MWT with objectively measured VO2peak and to propose a new equation to predict VO2peak from this walking test in obese patients. METHODS: One hundred and thirty-seven obese patients (45...
March 27, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342739/supervised-physical-therapy-vs-home-exercise-program-for-patients-with-distal-radius-fracture-a-single-blind-randomized-clinical-study
#4
Héctor Gutiérrez-Espinoza, David Rubio-Oyarzún, Cristian Olguín-Huerta, Rodrigo Gutiérrez-Monclus, Sebastian Pinto-Concha, Gonzalo Gana-Hervias
STUDY DESIGN: Randomized clinical study. INTRODUCTION: Supervised physical therapy (PT) and home exercise programs (HEPs) are frequently used in the rehabilitation of patients with distal radius fracture (DRF). However, there is no consensus as to whether unsupervised HEP provides comparable benefits to those achieved by supervised PT. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: To compare the improvements in pain and functional status between a supervised PT program and unsupervised HEP in DRF patients older than 60 years...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341726/rest-and-treatment-rehabilitation-following-sport-related-concussion-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Kathryn J Schneider, John J Leddy, Kevin M Guskiewicz, Tad Seifert, Michael McCrea, Noah D Silverberg, Nina Feddermann-Demont, Grant L Iverson, Alix Hayden, Michael Makdissi
AIM OR OBJECTIVE: The objective of this systematic review was to evaluate the evidence regarding rest and active treatment/rehabilitation following sport-related concussion (SRC). DESIGN: Systematic review. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE (OVID), CINAHL (EbscoHost), PsycInfo (OVID), Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (OVID), SPORTDiscus (EbscoHost), EMBASE (OVID) and Proquest DissertationsandTheses Global (Proquest) were searched systematically...
March 24, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339965/opioid-prescriptions-by-specialty-in-ohio-2010-2014
#6
Scott G Weiner, Olesya Baker, Ann F Rodgers, Chad Garner, Lewis S Nelson, Peter W Kreiner, Jeremiah D Schuur
Background. : The current US opioid epidemic is attributed to the large volume of prescribed opioids. This study analyzed the contribution of different medical specialties to overall opioids by evaluating the pill counts and morphine milligram equivalents (MMEs) of opioid prescriptions, stratified by provider specialty, and determined temporal trends. Methods. : This was an analysis of the Ohio prescription drug monitoring program database, which captures scheduled medication prescriptions filled in the state as well as prescriber specialty...
March 6, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338406/a-feasibility-study-for-improved-physical-activity-after-total-knee-arthroplasty
#7
Roger J Paxton, Jeri E Forster, Matthew J Miller, Kristine L Gerron, Jennifer E Stevens-Lapsley, Cory L Christiansen
BACKGROUND: Physical activity outcomes are poor following total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The purpose was to evaluate feasibility of a physical activity feedback intervention for patients after TKA. METHODS: Participants completing conventional TKA rehabilitation were randomized to a physical activity feedback (PAF; n=22) or control (CTL; n=23) group. The PAF intervention included real-time activity feedback, weekly action planning, and monthly group support meetings (12-weeks)...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338367/full-participation-of-students-with-physical-disabilities-in-science-and-engineering-laboratories
#8
Hervens Jeannis, James Joseph, Mary Goldberg, Katherine Seelman, Mark Schmeler, Rory A Cooper
PURPOSE: To conduct a literature review identifying barriers and facilitators students with physical disabilities (SwD-P) may encounter in science and engineering (S&E) laboratories. METHOD: Publications were identified from 1991 to 2015 in ERIC, web of science via web of knowledge, CINAHL, SCOPUS, IEEEXplore, engineering village, business source complete and PubMed databases using search terms and synonyms for accommodations, advanced manufacturing, additive manufacturing, assistive technology (AT), barriers, engineering, facilitators, instructor, laboratory, STEM education, science, students with disabilities and technology...
March 24, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338280/patients-views-on-their-decision-making-during-inpatient-rehabilitation-after-newly-acquired-spinal-cord-injury-a-qualitative-interview-based-study
#9
Anke Scheel-Sailer, Marcel W Post, Franz Michel, Tatjana Weidmann-Hügle, Ruth Baumann Hölzle
INTRODUCTION: Involving patients in decision making is a legal requirement in many countries, associated with better rehabilitation outcomes, but not easily accomplished during initial inpatient rehabilitation after severe trauma. Providing medical treatment according to the principles of shared decision making is challenging as a point in case for persons with spinal cord injury (SCI). OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to retrospectively explore the patients' views on their participation in decision making during their first inpatient rehabilitation after onset of SCI, in order to optimize treatment concepts...
March 24, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336430/female-physicians-are-underrepresented-in-recognition-awards-from-the-american-academy-of-physical-medicine-and-rehabilitation
#10
Julie K Silver, Saurabha Bhatnagar, Cheri A Blauwet, Ross D Zafonte, Nicole L Mazwi, Chloe S Slocum, Jeffrey C Schneider, Adam S Tenforde
BACKGROUND: Medical specialty societies are important resources for physicians in advancing their careers. There is a gap in the literature regarding gender disparities within these societies. This study assesses one area where disparities may exist: recognition awards. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether female physicians are underrepresented among recognition award recipients by the American Academy of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (AAPM&R). DESIGN: Surveillance study...
March 21, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336344/participation-restriction-in-people-with-multiple-sclerosis-prevalence-and-correlations-with-cognitive-walking-balance-and-upper-limb-impairments
#11
Davide Cattaneo, Ilse Lamers, Rita Bertoni, Peter Feys, Johanna Jonsdottir
OBJECTIVE: To calculate percentage of participation restrictions according to disability level in Multiple Sclerosis (MS) and to assess relationship between participation restriction, and cognitive, gait, balance and upper limb deficits. DESIGN: Cross sectional study SETTING: Rehabilitation unit PARTICIPANTS: 105 people with MS and 20 healthy subjects (HS) were screened in Belgium and Italy. INTERVENTIONS: Not applicable MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The Community integration questionnaire was used to assess participation in Home, Social and Productive Activities...
March 21, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336036/physical-function-and-physical-activity-in-obese-adults-after-total-knee-arthroplasty
#12
REVIEW
Webb A Smith, Audrey Zucker-Levin, William M Mihalko, Michael Williams, Mark Loftin, James G Gurney
Obese patients are more likely to have osteoarthritis and total knee arthroplasty (TKA). This investigation sought to evaluate physical function, activity level, and quality of life (QOL). Obese participants near 1-year postsurgical follow-up appointment were recruited. Evaluation included QOL and activity questionnaire, medical histories, anthropometrics, strength, and aerobic capacity. Sixty participants completed assessments. Obese TKA patients have physical performance limitations and low physical activity levels 1 year after surgery and completion of postoperative rehabilitation...
April 2017: Orthopedic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335701/the-effect-of-a-whole-body-vibration-therapy-on-the-sitting-balance-of-subacute-stroke-patients-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Jong Hwa Lee, Sang Beom Kim, Kyeong Woo Lee, Sook Joung Lee, Hyuntae Park, Dong Won Kim
BACKGROUND: The use of a whole-body vibration (WBV) therapy has recently been applied and investigated as a rehabilitation method for subacute stroke patients. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of a WBV therapy on recovery of balance in subacute stroke patients who were unable to gain sitting balance. METHODS: The conventional rehabilitation group (CG) received conventional physical therapy, including sitting balance training by a physical therapist, for 30 min a one session, for twice a day for five days a week for two weeks...
March 23, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332761/a-uk-national-survey-of-care-pathways-and-support-offered-to-patients-receiving-revision-surgery-for-prosthetic-joint-infection-in-the-highest-volume-nhs-orthopaedic-centres
#14
Andrew J Moore, Michael R Whitehouse, Rachael Gooberman-Hill, Jason Heddington, Andrew D Beswick, Ashley W Blom, Tim J Peters
BACKGROUND: Deep prosthetic joint infection (PJI) is a devastating complication of joint replacement surgery. It is difficult to treat, and patients often require multiple major revision surgeries to eradicate the infection. Treatment can have negative and long-term impact on patients' quality of life. Understanding current service provision provides valuable information needed to design and evaluate support interventions for patients. AIM: This survey aimed to identify usual care pathways and support in UK National Health Service (NHS) orthopaedic centres for patients receiving revision surgery for PJI after hip or knee replacement...
March 23, 2017: Musculoskeletal Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330471/robot-assisted-gait-training-lokomat-improves-walking-function-and-activity-in-people-with-spinal-cord-injury-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Ki Yeun Nam, Hyun Jung Kim, Bum Sun Kwon, Jin-Woo Park, Ho Jun Lee, Aeri Yoo
Robot-assisted gait training (RAGT) after spinal cord injury (SCI) induces several different neurophysiological mechanisms to restore walking ability, including the activation of central pattern generators, task-specific stepping practice and massed exercise. However, there is no clear evidence for the optimal timing and efficacy of RAGT in people with SCI. The aim of our study was to assess the effects of RAGT on improvement in walking-related functional outcomes in patients with incomplete SCI compared with other rehabilitation modalities according to time elapsed since injury...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330455/exergames-versus-self-regulated-exercises-with-instruction-leaflets-to-improve-adherence-during-geriatric-rehabilitation-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Peter Oesch, Jan Kool, Luis Fernandez-Luque, Ellen Brox, Gunn Evertsen, Anton Civit, Roger Hilfiker, Stefan Bachmann
BACKGROUND: Improving mobility in elderly persons is a primary goal in geriatric rehabilitation. Self-regulated exercises with instruction leaflets are used to increase training volume but adherence is often low. Exergames may improve adherence. This study therefore compared exergames with self-regulated exercise using instruction leaflets. The primary outcome was adherence. Secondary outcomes were enjoyment, motivation and balance during walking. METHODS: Design: single center parallel group non-blinded randomized controlled trial with central stratified randomization...
March 23, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327054/effects-of-low-frequency-repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-and-neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-on-upper-extremity-motor-recovery-in-the-early-period-after-stroke-a-preliminary-study
#17
Aliye Tosun, Sabiha Türe, Ayhan Askin, Engin Ugur Yardimci, Secil Umit Demirdal, Tülay Kurt Incesu, Ozgur Tosun, Hikmet Kocyigit, Galip Akhan, Fazıl Mustafa Gelal
OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of inhibitory repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) and neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) on upper extremity motor function in patients with acute/subacute ischemic stroke. METHODS: Twenty-five ischemic acute/subacute stroke subjects were enrolled in this randomized controlled trial. Experimental group 1 received low frequency (LF) rTMS to the primary motor cortex of the unaffected side + physical therapy (PT) including activities to improve strength, flexibility, transfers, posture, balance, coordination, and activities of daily living, mainly focusing on upper limb movements; experimental group 2 received the same protocol combined with NMES to hand extensor muscles; and the control group received only PT...
March 22, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326996/impact-of-music-on-the-quality-of-life-of-cochlear-implant-users-a-focus-group-study
#18
Giorgos Dritsakis, Rachel M van Besouw, Aoife O' Meara
OBJECTIVE: To study the aspects of the quality of life (QoL) on which music has an impact in adult cochlear implant (CI) users. METHODS: Thirty adult CI users aged between 18 and 81 years old with a wide range of patient characteristics and musical backgrounds participated in the study. Six focus group discussions about music in everyday life were conducted and data were analysed using template analysis based on the QoL model of the World Health Organisation Quality of Life BREF questionnaire...
March 22, 2017: Cochlear Implants International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326905/assistive-technology-unmet-needs-of-independent-living-older-hispanics-with-functional-limitations
#19
Elsa M Orellano-Colón, Marta Rivero-Méndez, Mauricio Lizama, Jeffrey W Jutai
PURPOSE: To identify: (1) the most frequently used assistive technology (AT) by a sample of community-living older Hispanics; (2) their AT needs; (3) the AT that would not be used by the simple; and (4) the factors associated with the willingness to use AT. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used a cross-sectional descriptive study design with a purposive sample of 60 individuals 70 years and older living in Puerto Rico. Data collection tools included a socio-demographic questionnaire and the Assistive Technology Card Assessment...
March 22, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326859/performance-evaluation-of-3d-vision-based-semi-autonomous-control-method-for-assistive-robotic-manipulator
#20
Hyun W Ka, Cheng-Shiu Chung, Dan Ding, Khara James, Rory Cooper
We developed a 3D vision-based semi-autonomous control interface for assistive robotic manipulators. It was implemented based on one of the most popular commercially available assistive robotic manipulator combined with a low-cost depth-sensing camera mounted on the robot base. To perform a manipulation task with the 3D vision-based semi-autonomous control interface, a user starts operating with a manual control method available to him/her. When detecting objects within a set range, the control interface automatically stops the robot, and provides the user with possible manipulation options through audible text output, based on the detected object characteristics...
March 22, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
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