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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778065/reliability-of-the-sub-components-of-the-instrumented-timed-up-and-go-test-in-ambulatory-children-with-traumatic-brain-injury-and-typically-developed-controls
#1
Mark A Newman, Mark A Hirsch, Richard D Peindl, Nahir A Habet, Tobias J Tsai, Michael S Runyon, Toan Huynh, Nigel Zheng
BACKGROUND: Studies have evaluated the test-re-test reliability of subcomponents of the timed up and-go test in adults by using body-worn inertial sensors. However, studies in children have not been reported in the literature. RESEARCH QUESTION: To evaluate the within-session reliability of subcomponents of a newly developed electronically augmented timed 'upand-go' test (EATUG) in ambulatory children with traumatic brain injury (TBI) and children with typical development (TD)...
May 16, 2018: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777770/construction-and-feasibility-study-of-the-sofmer-activity-score-sas-a-new-assessment-of-physical-and-cognitive-activity
#2
M D Morard, S Gonzalez-Monge, P Rippert, S Roche, J C Bernard, D Lagauche, C Delvert, J Luauté, S Jacquin Courtois, F Caillet, J Di Marco, F Ghelfi, S Otmani, P Calmels, M Royet, P A Joseph, R Ecochard, G Rode, C Vuillerot
OBJECTIVES: For hospitalizations in rehabilitation centers (RCs) in France, the quantification of healthcare givers' activity is based on the dependency of the patients, defined as a total or partial inability to perform activities required for daily living without help. The tools currently used to quantify dependency are not sufficiently precise. Here we describe the construction of a new tool, the SOFMER Activity Score (SAS scoring), which allows for a good description of the level of activity of patients hospitalized in RCs, and a feasibility study of the tool...
May 16, 2018: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777340/2017-update-of-the-turkish-league-against-rheumatism-tlar-evidence-based-recommendations-for-the-management-of-knee-osteoarthritis
#3
REVIEW
Tiraje Tuncer, Fatih Hasan Cay, Lale Altan, Gulcan Gurer, Cahit Kacar, Suheda Ozcakir, Sahap Atik, Figen Ayhan, Berrin Durmaz, Nurten Eskiyurt, Hakan Genc, Yesim GokceKutsal, Rezzan Gunaydin, Simin Hepguler, Sami Hizmetli, Taciser Kaya, Yesim Kurtais, Merih Saridogan, Dilsad Sindel, Serap Sutbeyaz, Omer Faruk Sendur, Hatice Ugurlu, Zeliha Unlu
In a Turkish League Against Rheumatism (TLAR) project, evidence-based recommendations for the management of knee osteoarthritis (OA) was developed for the first time in our country in 2012 (TLAR-2012). In accordance with developing medical knowledge and scientific evidence, recommendations were updated. The committee was composed of 22 physical medicine and rehabilitation specialists (4 have rheumatology subspeciality also) and an orthopaedic surgeon. Systematic literature search were applied on Pubmed, Embase, Cochrane and Turkish Medical Index for the dates between January the 1st 2012 and January the 29th of 2015...
May 17, 2018: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775954/a-new-methodology-based-on-functional-principal-component-analysis-to-study-postural-stability-post-stroke
#4
M Luz Sánchez-Sánchez, Juan-Manuel Belda-Lois, Silvia Mena-Del Horno, Enrique Viosca-Herrero, Celedonia Igual-Camacho, Beatriz Gisbert-Morant
BACKGROUND: A major goal in stroke rehabilitation is the establishment of more effective physical therapy techniques to recover postural stability. Functional Principal Component Analysis provides greater insight into recovery trends. However, when missing values exist, obtaining functional data presents some difficulties. The purpose of this study was to reveal an alternative technique for obtaining the Functional Principal Components without requiring the conversion to functional data beforehand and to investigate this methodology to determine the effect of specific physical therapy techniques in balance recovery trends in elderly subjects with hemiplegia post-stroke...
May 5, 2018: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772185/therapies-for-mobility-disability-in-persons-with-multiple-sclerosis
#5
Jessica F Baird, Brian M Sandroff, Robert W Motl
Mobility disability is one of the most widespread and impactful consequences of multiple sclerosis (MS). Disease modifying drugs (DMDs) may delay the progression of disability over time; however, there is minimal evidence supporting the efficacy of DMDs for reversing mobility disability or restoring ambulatory function in persons with MS. Areas covered: This review outlines symptomatic pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic therapeutic approaches that target mobility disability with the goal of restoring and improving walking function...
May 17, 2018: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768730/biofilm-in-voice-prosthesis-a-prospective-cohort-study-and-laboratory-tests-using-sonication-and-sem-analysis
#6
Jacopo Galli, Lea Calo', Duino Meucci, Monica Giuliani, Daniela Lucidi, Gaetano Paludetti, Riccardo Torelli, Maurizio Sanguinetti, Claudio Parrilla
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to compare the biofilm growing pattern and its morphological extent on silicone and a teflon-like material using a sonication process and a Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM). DESIGN: A prospective cohort study and a laboratory study. SETTING: Otolaryngology -Head and Neck surgery Department and the Microbiology Institute. PARTICIPANTS: The participants included fifteen laryngectomized patients with phonatory prostheses, which were removed due to device failure, and two different kinds of phonatory prostheses from the laboratory (Provox 2 and ActiValve) that were artificially colonized by Candida albicans...
May 16, 2018: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768364/comparative-effectiveness-of-fragility-fracture-integrated-rehabilitation-management-for-elderly-individuals-after-hip-fracture-surgery-a-study-protocol-for-a-multicenter-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Sang Yoon Lee, Jaewon Beom, Bo Ryun Kim, Seung-Kyu Lim, Jae-Young Lim
INTRODUCTION: Although it is essential to provide comprehensive rehabilitation after hip fracture to restore the patient to preoperative physical functioning, feasibility issues remain. Here, we describe a protocol for a randomized controlled trial (RCT) to evaluate the effectiveness of fragility fracture integrated rehabilitation management (FIRM) for elderly individuals after hip fracture surgery. We also examine the feasibility of applying FIRM in a chronic-care hospital or community-based setting...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768332/short-term-effects-of-customized-arch-support-insoles-on-symptomatic-flexible-flatfoot-in-children-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Ru-Lan Hsieh, Hui-Ling Peng, Wen-Chung Lee
BACKGROUND: Limited evidence is available regarding the effects of insoles on pediatric flexible flatfoot because of the heterogeneity and low methodological quality of previous studies. The purpose of this prospective trial is to examine the short-term effects of customized arch support insoles on symptomatic flexible flatfoot in children by using the International Classification of Functioning, randomized controlled Disability, and Health (ICF) framework. METHODS: This study was conducted in a rehabilitation outpatient clinic of a teaching hospital...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767832/cancer-survivors-exhibit-a-different-relationship-between-muscle-strength-and-health-related-quality-of-life-fatigue-compared-to-healthy-subjects
#9
S Morishita, A Tsubaki, J B Fu, Y Mitobe, H Onishi, T Tsuji
We investigated the difference in relationship between muscle strength and quality of life (QOL)/fatigue in long-term cancer survivors and healthy subjects. Thirty-six cancer survivors and 29 healthy subjects were assessed for body composition and bone status at the calcaneus using the Osteo Sono Assessment Index. Muscle strength was evaluated via handgrip and knee extensor strength. Health-related QOL was assessed using the Medical Outcome Study 36-item Short-Form Health Survey. Fatigue was measured using the brief fatigue inventory...
May 16, 2018: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765701/subjects-with-cardiovascular-disease-or-high-disease-risk-are-more-sedentary-and-less-active-than-their-healthy-peers
#10
Ville Vasankari, Pauliina Husu, Henri Vähä-Ypyä, Jaana Helena Suni, Kari Tokola, Katja Borodulin, Heini Wennman, Jari Halonen, Juha Hartikainen, Harri Sievänen, Tommi Vasankari
Objectives: We investigated differences in objectively measured sedentary behaviour (SB) and physical activity (PA) levels in subjects with cardiovascular disease (CVD) diagnosis or high CVD risk compared with healthy controls. Methods: The present study includes a subsample (n=1398, Health 2011 Study) of participants, who attended health examinations and wore a triaxial accelerometer (≥4 days). Patients with CVD were identified and CVD risk was calculated for others using Framingham Risk Score (FRS)...
2018: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765577/perception-of-family-caregivers-about-barriers-of-leisure-in-care-of-individuals-with-chronic-psychiatric-disorders-a-qualitative-study
#11
Batool Mandani, Seyed Ali Hosseini, Mohammad Ali Hosseini, Ashraf Karbalaie Noori, Mohammad Reza Khodaie Ardakani
Background: Family caregivers of individuals with chronic psychiatric disorders play an important role in the management of the patient's conditions, which interferes with other activities of daily living, work, social and leisure activities. Objective: This study was conducted in an Iranian context to explore the perception of family caregivers about barriers of leisure in care of individuals with chronic psychiatric disorders. Methods: The current qualitative study was conducted on the basis of conventional content analysis...
March 2018: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765494/the-oxidant-antioxidant-equilibrium-and-inflammatory-process-indicators-after-an-exercise-test-on-the-alterg-antigravity-treadmill-in-young-amateur-female-athletes
#12
Łukasz Sielski, Paweł Sutkowy, Agnieszka Skopowska, Katarzyna Pawlak-Osińska, Zofia Augustyńska, Katarzyna Hewelt, Radosław Drapała, Alina Woźniak
The AlterG antigravity treadmill allows running with a considerable weight reduction. Physical exercise practiced on this treadmill is an innovative method supporting the treatment of injuries in sports and rehabilitation of patients. The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of a 30 min run on the AlterG treadmill with 80% body weight reduction comparing the effect to the similar effort on the classic treadmill on the redox equilibrium and the activity of selected lysosomal enzymes and a serine protease inhibitor in the blood of amateur minor female volleyball players...
2018: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765462/development-of-a-new-intelligent-joystick-for-people-with-reduced-mobility
#13
Makrem Mrabet, Yassine Rabhi, Farhat Fnaiech
Despite the diversity of electric wheelchairs, many people with physical limitations and seniors have difficulty using their standard joystick. As a result, they cannot meet their needs or ensure safe travel. Recent assistive technologies can help to give them autonomy and independence. This work deals with the real-time implementation of an artificial intelligence device to overcome these problems. Following a review of the literature from previous work, we present the methodology and process for implementing our intelligent control system on an electric wheelchair...
2018: Applied Bionics and Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765264/coping-with-loss-of-ability-vs-emotional-control-and-self-esteem-in-women-after-mastectomy
#14
Katarzyna Cieślak, Wojciech Golusiński
Aim: Does coping with the loss of ability depend on self-esteem and emotional control? Background: Persons who experience losses in two dimensions, i.e. health and ability can deal with the loss by physical therapy, and also by mental and socio-professional rehabilitation. But far and foremost, it is the personality of the person who experiences the loss that matters most. Materials and methods: The study included 37 patients after mastectomy...
May 2018: Reports of Practical Oncology and Radiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765190/evaluating-equilibrium-in-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#15
REVIEW
Forough Ferdowsi, Zahra Sadat Rezaeian
[Purpose] The purpose of this review was to summarize available methods and equipment which are administered to evaluate the balance in anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. [Subjects and Methods] A literature search was performed and reviewed using the narrative approach. This study reviewed English articles concerning balance assessment methods in anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction subjects from 1985 to 2015 using the following key words: Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury, Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction, Postural Control, Equilibrium, Balance and Stability...
May 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765186/effect-of-the-frequency-of-therapy-on-the-performance-of-activities-of-daily-living-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#16
Eun-Young Park, Eun-Joo Kim
[Purpose] This study investigated the frequency effect of physical and occupational therapy on activities of daily living performance in children with cerebral palsy. [Subjects and Methods] A total of 162 children with cerebral palsy who attended a convalescent or rehabilitation center for disabled individuals or a special school for physical disabilities in South Korea participated in this study. The Pediatric Evaluation Disability Inventory was used to collect data on activities of daily living performance according to physical therapy frequency based on neurodevelopmental therapy for 1 year...
May 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764868/systematic-review-of-rehabilitation-intervention-outcomes-of-adult-and-paediatric-patients-with-infectious-encephalitis
#17
Shanice Christie, Vincy Chan, Tatyana Mollayeva, Angela Colantonio
OBJECTIVE: Although a range of rehabilitation interventions have been applied to restore function after infectious encephalitis, there is a lack of literature summarising the benefits of these interventions. This systematic review aims to synthesise current scientific knowledge on outcome measures following rehabilitative interventions among children and adults with infectious encephalitis, with a specific focus on the influence of the age, sex, baseline status and intervention type. SEARCH STRATEGY: Five scholarly databases (MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO, CINAHL and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials), three sources of grey literature (Google, Google Scholar and Grey Matters) and reference lists of included publications were systematically searched...
May 14, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764393/telerehabilitation-versus-traditional-centre-based-pulmonary-rehabilitation-for-people-with-chronic-respiratory-disease-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#18
Narelle S Cox, Christine F McDonald, Jennifer A Alison, Ajay Mahal, Richard Wootton, Catherine J Hill, Janet Bondarenko, Heather Macdonald, Paul O'Halloran, Paolo Zanaboni, Ken Clarke, Deidre Rennick, Kaye Borgelt, Angela T Burge, Aroub Lahham, Bruna Wageck, Hayley Crute, Pawel Czupryn, Amanda Nichols, Anne E Holland
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary rehabilitation is an effective therapeutic intervention for people with chronic respiratory disease. However, fewer than 5% of eligible individuals receive pulmonary rehabilitation on an annual basis, largely due to limited availability of services and difficulties associated with travel and transport. The Rehabilitation Exercise At Home (REAcH) study is an assessor-blinded, multi-centre, randomised controlled equivalence trial designed to compare the efficacy of home-based telerehabilitation and traditional centre-based pulmonary rehabilitation in people with chronic respiratory disease...
May 15, 2018: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762507/m-health-lessons-learned-by-m-experiences
#19
José Bravo, Ramón Hervás, Jesús Fontecha, Iván González
m-Health is an emerging area that is transforming how people take part in the control of their wellness condition. This vision is changing traditional health processes by discharging hospitals from the care of people. Important advantages of continuous monitoring can be reached but, in order to transform this vision into a reality, some factors need to be addressed. m-Health applications should be shared by patients and hospital staff to perform proper supervised health monitoring. Furthermore, the uses of smartphones for health purposes should be transformed to achieve the objectives of this vision...
May 15, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760963/effectiveness-of-a-day-rehabilitation-program-in-improving-functional-outcome-and-reducing-mortality-and-readmission-of-elderly-patients-with-fragility-hip-fractures
#20
Tak Man Wong, Frankie K L Leung, Tak Wing Lau, Christian Fang, Felix H W Chan, Jun Wu
Introduction: The incidence of hip fracture is projected to increase in the next 25 years as the world population ages. Hip fracture is often associated with subsequent readmission and mortality. Nevertheless, elderly patients often may not achieve the same level of functional ability as prior to their injury. Several studies have shown that close collaboration between orthopedic surgeons and geriatricians can improve such outcomes and Geriatric Day Hospital (GDH) is one of the examples of collaboration to improve such outcomes...
2018: Geriatric Orthopaedic Surgery & Rehabilitation
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