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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925635/fatigue-detection-using-phase-space-warping
#1
Abdullatif Alwasel, Marcus Yung, Eihab Abdel-Rahman, Richard P Wells, Carl T Haas
A novel application of Phase-Space Warping (PSW) method to detect fatigue in the musculoskeletal system is presented. Experimental kinematic, force, and physiological signals are used to produce a fatigue metric. The metric is produced using time-delay embedding and PSW methods. Results showed that by using force and kinematic signals, an overall estimate of the muscle group state can be achieved. Further, when using electromyography (EMG) signals the fatigue metric can be used as a tool to evaluate muscles activation and load sharing patterns for individual muscles...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Biomechanical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925608/active-music-therapy-and-physical-improvements-from-rehabilitation-for-neurological-conditions
#2
Demian Leandro Kogutek, Jeffrey David Holmes, Jessica Adrienne Grahn, Sara G Lutz, Emily Ready
Context • A variety of rehabilitation-based interventions are currently available for individuals with physical impairments resulting from neurological conditions, including physiotherapy, occupational therapy, and speech language pathology. Many individuals find participation in those therapies to be challenging. Alternative therapies have emerged as beneficial adjunctive treatments for individuals undergoing neurological rehabilitation, including music therapy (MT). Objective • The study intended to identify and collate systematically the evidence on MT interventions that address physical improvements in a rehabilitative setting...
October 2016: Advances in Mind-body Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923938/computerized-respiratory-sounds-novel-outcomes-for-pulmonary-rehabilitation-in-copd
#3
Cristina Jácome, Alda Marques
BACKGROUND: Computerized respiratory sounds are a simple and noninvasive measure to assess lung function. Nevertheless, their potential to detect changes after pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) is unknown and needs clarification if respiratory acoustics are to be used in clinical practice. Thus, this study investigated the short- and mid-term effects of PR on computerized respiratory sounds in subjects with COPD. METHODS: Forty-one subjects with COPD completed a 12-week PR program and a 3-month follow-up...
December 6, 2016: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922288/medial-gastrocnemius-myotendinous-junction-displacement-and-plantar-flexion-strength-in-patients-treated-with-immediate-rehabilitation-after-achilles-tendon-repair
#4
Carlos I De la Fuente, Roberto Peña Y Lillo, Rodrigo Ramirez Campillo, Pablo Ortega-Auriol, Mauricio Delgado, Joel Alvarez-Ruf, Gabriel Carreño
CONTEXT:  Pathologic plantar flexion frequently occurs after operative repair of the Achilles tendon (AT) because of immobilization and non-weight bearing in the first weeks of traditional rehabilitation. Novel rehabilitation strategies that apply mobilization and weight bearing have been proposed, but their effects on medial gastrocnemius myotendinous junction displacement (MJD) and isometric plantar-flexion strength (PFS) are unknown. OBJECTIVE:  To compare the effects of 12 weeks of immediate versus traditional rehabilitation on MJD and PFS in patients with percutaneous AT repair and to compare AT rupture scores (ATRSs) during follow-up...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919792/the-role-of-posturography-in-assessing-the-process-of-rehabilitation-in-poststroke-patients-a-case-study
#5
Witold Rongies, Bartosz Słomka, Angelika Duczek, Włodzimierz Dolecki
Stroke is one of the most common causes of death and disability both in Poland and around the world. Each year, 250 out of 100,000 people in Europe are diagnosed with a disruption of cerebral perfusion in the form of stroke. In Poland, approximately 65,000-70,000 people are affected each year, with the incidence steadily increasing. Stroke survivors suffer from impaired cognitive and motor functions. Moreover, they exhibit severe gait pattern abnormalities, which together with balance disorders, constitute the main factors increasing the risk of falls in this patient group...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919560/posterior-ankle-impingement-syndrome-in-football-players-case-series-of-26-elite-athletes
#6
Savaş Kudaş, Gürhan Dönmez, Çetin Işık, Mesut Çelebi, Nurdan Çay, Murat Bozkurt
OBJECTIVE: To describe a clinical treatment algorithm for posterior ankle impingement (PAI) syndrome in professional football players. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A case series of 26 elite professional football players diagnosed and treated for posterior ankle impingement syndrome were included for the study. All of the athletes received conservative treatment with physical therapy modalities initially. If the first line medical treatment and rehabilitation was ineffective to alleviate the symptoms, ultrasound-guided corticosteroid injection was proposed and thereafter the patients underwent posterior ankle arthroscopy if the complaints are still unresolved...
December 3, 2016: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918865/evidence-based-practice-in-the-management-of-lower-limb-lymphedema-after-gynecological-cancer
#7
Lisandra Fossari Iwersen, Fabiana Flores Sperandio, Ariana Machado Toriy, Marina Palú, Clarissa Medeiros da Luz
PURPOSE: Lower limb lymphedema (LLL) is characterized as a physical-functional chronic complication that impacts the quality of life of women who have gone through treatment for gynecological cancer. The present study aims to check the conservative treatments available for lymphedema after gynecological cancer in the context of evidence-based practice. METHODS: The selection criteria included papers from May 1993 discussing treatment protocols used in LLL after treatment for gynecological cancer...
December 5, 2016: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918856/preliminary-investigation-into-sport-and-exercise-psychology-consultants-views-and-experiences-of-an-interprofessional-care-team-approach-to-sport-injury-rehabilitation
#8
Monna Arvinen-Barrow, Damien Clement
Sport injury rehabilitation has moved from predominately physical treatment to a more holistic care. However, limited research has explored the views and experiences of those involved in such an approach. The purpose of this study was to preliminarily investigate sport psychology consultants' (SPCs') views and experiences of an interprofessional team approach to sport injury rehabilitation. A cross-sectional online survey previously used with athletic trainers was distributed via a US-based sport/exercise psychology list-serve (N = 1245)...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918333/effectiveness-of-epidural-analgesia-continuous-surgical-site-analgesia-and-patient-controlled-analgesic-morphine-for-postoperative-pain-management-and-hyperalgesia-rehabilitation-and-health-related-quality-of-life-after-open-nephrectomy-a-prospective-randomized
#9
Xavier Capdevila, Sebastien Moulard, Christian Plasse, Jean-Luc Peshaud, Nicolas Molinari, Christophe Dadure, Sophie Bringuier
BACKGROUND: There is no widely recognized effective technique to optimally reduce pain scores and prevent persistent postoperative pain after nephrectomy. We compared continuous surgical site analgesia (CSSA), epidural analgesia (EA), and a control group (patient-controlled analgesic morphine) in patients undergoing open nephrectomy. METHODS: Sixty consecutive patients were randomized to be part of EA, CSSA, or control groups postoperatively for 72 hours. All patients received patient-controlled analgesic morphine, if needed...
December 1, 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917813/attitudes-of-university-students-towards-domestic-violence-against-women
#10
Demet Aktaş
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the attitudes of university students towards domestic violence against women. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on students attending the School of Nursing and School of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation at a university in Turkey. The study was conducted between February 2015 and May 2015. The study was conducted on 415 volunteer students without resorting to the sampling selection method. Data were collected using a Personal Information Form and The Scale of Attitude Toward Domestic Violence...
December 1, 2016: Clinical and Investigative Medicine. Médecine Clinique et Experimentale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917686/physical-activity-promotion-for-people-with-spinal-cord-injury-physiotherapists-beliefs-and-actions
#11
Toni L Williams, Brett Smith, Anthony Papathomas
PURPOSE: It is vital that people with spinal cord injury (SCI) lead a physically active lifestyle to promote long term health and well-being. Yet within rehabilitation and upon discharge into the community, people with SCI are largely inactive. Physiotherapists are well placed to promote a physically active lifestyle and are valued and trusted messengers of physical activity (PA) by people with SCI. Therefore this study aimed to explore the perceptions of physiotherapists in SCI rehabilitation on PA for people with SCI, and what is done to promote PA...
December 5, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917683/the-role-of-the-physical-environment-in-conversations-between-people-who-are-communication-vulnerable-and-health-care-professionals-a-scoping-review
#12
Steffy E A Stans, Ruth J P Dalemans, Luc P de Witte, Hester W H Smeets, Anna J Beurskens
PURPOSE: The role of the physical environment in communication between health-care professionals and persons with communication problems is a neglected area. This study provides an overview of factors in the physical environment that play a role in communication during conversations between people who are communication vulnerable and health-care professionals. METHOD: A scoping review was conducted using the methodological framework of Arksey and O'Malley. The PubMed, PsycINFO, CINAHL and Cochrane Library databases were screened, and a descriptive and thematic analysis was completed...
December 5, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917365/age-related-changes-in-bilateral-upper-extremity-coordination
#13
Elizabeth Woytowicz, Jill Whitall, Kelly P Westlake
Although evidence exists that changes in sensorimotor function occur with aging, changes in the bilateral coordination of the upper extremities is less understood. Here, we review the behavioral and neural evidence of declines in bilateral coordination as well as the implications these deficits have on function and physical rehabilitation. We begin with an introduction to the two major forms of bilateral coordination, symmetric and non-symmetric and their sub-groupings. After discussing the motor performance changes with age in symmetric tasks, we address age-related changes in motor lateralization that may affect the bilateral coordination of non-symmetric coordination...
September 2016: Current Geriatrics Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917103/motor-imagery-during-action-observation-a-brief-review-of-evidence-theory-and-future-research-opportunities
#14
REVIEW
Daniel L Eaves, Martin Riach, Paul S Holmes, David J Wright
Motor imagery (MI) and action observation (AO) have traditionally been viewed as two separate techniques, which can both be used alongside physical practice to enhance motor learning and rehabilitation. Their independent use has largely been shown to be effective, and there is clear evidence that the two processes can elicit similar activity in the motor system. Building on these well-established findings, research has now turned to investigate the effects of their combined use. In this article, we first review the available neurophysiological and behavioral evidence for the effects of combined action observation and motor imagery (AO+MI) on motor processes...
2016: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915222/exoskeleton-plantarflexion-assistance-for-elderly
#15
S Galle, W Derave, F Bossuyt, P Calders, P Malcolm, D De Clercq
Elderly are confronted with reduced physical capabilities and increased metabolic energy cost of walking. Exoskeletons that assist walking have the potential to restore walking capacity by reducing the metabolic cost of walking. However, it is unclear if current exoskeletons can reduce energy cost in elderly. Our goal was to study the effect of an exoskeleton that assists plantarflexion during push-off on the metabolic energy cost of walking in physically active and healthy elderly. Seven elderly (age 69.3±3...
November 28, 2016: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915207/fixed-distance-walk-tests-at-comfortable-and-fast-speed-potential-tools-for-the-functional-assessment-of-coronary-patients
#16
Marie-Doriane Morard, Delphine Besson, Davy Laroche, Alexandre Naaïm, Vincent Gremeaux, Jean-Marie Casillas
OBJECTIVES: There is ambiguity concerning the walk tests available for functional assessment of coronary patients, particularly for the walking speed. This study explores the psychometric properties of two walking tests, based on fixed-distance tests, at comfortable and fast velocity, in stabilized patients at the end of a cardiac rehabilitation program. METHODS: At a three-day interval 58 coronary patients (mean age of 64.85±6.03 years, 50 men) performed three walk tests, the first two at a comfortable speed in a random order (6-minute walk test - 6MWT - and 400-metre comfortable walk test - 400mCWT) and the third at a brisk speed (200-metre fast walk test - 200mFWT)...
November 30, 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915068/effects-of-the-pulsed-ultrasound-therapy-on-sensory-nerve-conduction-parameters-and-the-pain-threshold-perceptions-in-humans
#17
Othmar Schuhfried, Damir Vukanovic, Christian Kollmann, Karin Pieber, Tatjana Paternostro-Sluga
BACKGROUND: Therapeutic ultrasound is a often used clinical modality in the non-surgical treatment of entrapment neuropathies. To date the possible mechanism of action of pulsed ultrasound therapy on the peripheral nerve in the treatment of entrapment neuropathies is unclear. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of pulsed ultrasound therapy on peripheral nerve conduction parameters. DESIGN: A prospective, randomized, single blind, cross-over study...
November 30, 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913972/in-hospital-diagnosis-of-sleep-apnea-in-stroke-patients-using-a-portable-acoustic-device
#18
Clodagh M Ryan, Kelly Wilton, T Douglas Bradley, Hisham Alshaer
PURPOSE: Sleep apnea (SA) is highly prevalent in post-stroke patients. Due to physical disability and relative inaccessibility of polysomnography (PSG) to test for SA, patients with stroke frequently remain undiagnosed and untreated. Portable SA monitoring can facilitate at-home or in-hospital testing for SA. However, portable SA monitoring is not recommended in those with complex medical conditions, such as stroke, due to the lack of validation of portable monitoring in such patients...
December 2, 2016: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912999/palliative-care-and-physiatry-in-the-oncology-care-spectrum-an-opportunity-for-distinct-and-collaborative-approaches
#19
REVIEW
Vishwa S Raj, Julie K Silver, Terrence M Pugh, Jack B Fu
As cancer evolves from a terminal illness to a chronic medical condition, so too does the view of clinical services. Palliative care and physical medicine and rehabilitation (PM&R) will increase in acceptance because they provide a valuable resource. The overarching theme is improving cancer-related symptoms or treatment-related side effects, improving patient health-related quality of life, lessening caregiver burden, and valuing patient-centered care and shared decision making. Managing symptom burden may improve therapy participation/performance...
February 2017: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912996/alternative-exercise-traditions-in-cancer-rehabilitation
#20
REVIEW
Kathryn J Ruddy, Daniela L Stan, Anjali Bhagra, Mary Jurisson, Andrea L Cheville
Alternative exercise traditions (AETs) such as Pilates, yoga, Tai Chi Chuan, Qigong, and various forms of dance offer the potential to improve diverse outcomes among cancer survivors by reducing adverse symptoms and mood disorders, and by enhancing function. Additionally AETs have emerged as a potential means to address deficits in current disease-focused care delivery models which are marked by prevalent under-treatment of symptoms and physical impairments. Relative to therapeutic exercise in allopathic models, many AETs are comparatively affordable and accessible...
February 2017: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America
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