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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037657/procedures-of-assessment-on-the-quantification-of-thoracic-kyphosis-and-lumbar-lordosis-by-radiography-and-photogrammetry-a-literature-review
#1
Alessandra Beggiato Porto, Victor Hugo Alves Okazaki
The quantification of thoracic kyphosis and lumbar lordosis can be assessed in different ways; among them radiography and photogrammetry. However, the assessment procedures are not consistent in the literature for either method. The objective of this study was to conduct a literature review about postural assessment through radiography and photogrammetry, for delineating the procedures for both methods. In total 38 studies were selected by an online search in the MEDLINE and LILACS databases with the keywords: radiograph and posture, postural alignment, photogrammetry or photometry or biophotogrammetry...
October 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025841/neighbourhood-characteristics-and-mental-disorders-in-three-chinese-cities-multilevel-models-from-the-world-mental-health-surveys
#2
Alexandre Dias Porto Chiavegatto Filho, Laura Sampson, Silvia S Martins, Shui Yu, Yueqin Huang, Yanling He, Sing Lee, Chiyi Hu, Alan Zaslavsky, Ronald C Kessler, Sandro Galea
OBJECTIVES: The rapid growth of urban areas in China in the past few decades has introduced profound changes in family structure and income distribution that could plausibly affect mental health. Although multilevel studies of the influence of area-level socioeconomic factors on mental health have become more common in other parts of the world, a study of this sort has not been carried out in Chinese cities. Our objectives were to examine the associations of two key neighbourhood-level variables-median income and percentage of married individuals living in the neighbourhood-with mental disorders net of individual-level income and marital status in three Chinese cities...
October 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024923/a-ghep-isfg-collaborative-study-on-the-genetic-variation-of-38-autosomal-indels-for-human-identification-in-different-continental-populations
#3
R Pereira, C Alves, M Aler, A Amorim, C Arévalo, E Betancor, D Braganholi, M L Bravo, P Brito, J J Builes, G Burgos, E F Carvalho, A Castillo, C I Catanesi, R M B Cicarelli, P Coufalova, P Dario, M E D'Amato, S Davison, J Ferragut, M Fondevila, S Furfuro, O García, A Gaviria, I Gomes, E González, A Gonzalez-Liñan, T E Gross, A Hernández, Q Huang, S Jiménez, L F Jobim, A M López-Parra, M Marino, S Marques, G Martínez-Cortés, V Masciovecchio, D Parra, G Penacino, M F Pinheiro, M J Porto, Y Posada, C Restrepo, T Ribeiro, L Rubio, A Sala, A Santurtún, L S Solís, L Souto, E Streitemberger, A Torres, C Vilela-Lamego, J J Yunis, I Yurrebaso, L Gusmão
A collaborative effort was carried out by the Spanish and Portuguese Speaking Working Group of the International Society for Forensic Genetics (GHEP-ISFG) to promote knowledge exchange between associate laboratories interested in the implementation of indel-based methodologies and build allele frequency databases of 38 indels for forensic applications. These databases include populations from different countries that are relevant for identification and kinship investigations undertaken by the participating laboratories...
September 22, 2017: Forensic Science International. Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019579/epidemiological-study-of-facial-fractures-at-the-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery-service-santa-casa-de-misericordia-hospital-complex-porto-alegre-rs-brazil
#4
Rodrigo Andrighetti Zamboni, João Carlos Birnfeld Wagner, Maurício Roth Volkweis, Eduardo Luis Gerhardt, Elissa Muller Buchmann, Caren Serra Bavaresco
OBJECTIVES: to investigate the incidence and etiology of face trauma with diagnosis of facial fracture treated at the Buccomaxillofacial Surgery and Traumatology Service of the Santa Casa de Misericórdia Hospital Complex in Porto Alegre. METHODS: we conducted a cross-sectional, retrospective epidemiological study of 134 trauma victims with 153 facial fractures. RESULTS: the male gender was the most affected (86.6%) and the incidence was higher in the age group from 21 to 30 years...
September 2017: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016339/synthetic-antigens-derived-from-plasmodium-falciparum-sporozoite-liver-and-blood-stages-naturally-acquired-immune-response-and-human-leukocyte-antigen-associations-in-individuals-living-in-a-brazilian-endemic-area
#5
Lilian Rose Pratt-Riccio, Daiana De Souza Perce-Da-Silva, Josué Da Costa Lima-Junior, Evelyn Kety Pratt Riccio, Marcelo Ribeiro-Alves, Fátima Santos, Mércia Arruda, Daniel Camus, Pierre Druilhe, Joseli Oliveira-Ferreira, Cláudio Tadeu Daniel-Ribeiro, Dalma Maria Banic
Peptide vaccine strategies using Plasmodium-derived antigens have emerged as an attractive approach against malaria. However, relatively few studies have been conducted with malaria-exposed populations from non-African countries. Herein, the seroepidemiological profile against Plasmodium falciparum of naturally exposed individuals from a Brazilian malaria-endemic area against synthetic peptides derived from vaccine candidates circumsporozoite protein (CSP), liver stage antigen-1 (LSA-1), erythrocyte binding antigen-175 (EBA-175), and merozoite surface protein-3 (MSP-3) was investigated...
September 18, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992001/genomic-inbreeding-depression-for-climatic-adaptation-of-tropical-beef-cattle
#6
A Reverter, L R Porto-Neto, M R S Fortes, P Kasarapu, M A R de Cara, H M Burrow, S A Lehnert
Inbreeding has the potential to negatively impact animal performance. Strategies to monitor and mitigate inbreeding depression require that it can be accurately estimated. Here, we used genomewide SNP data to explore 3 alternative measures of genomic inbreeding: the diagonal elements of the genomic relationship matrix (FGRM), the proportion of homozygous SNP (FHOM), and the proportion of the genome covered by runs of homozygosity (FROH). We used 2,111 Brahman (BR) and 2,550 Tropical Composite (TC) cattle with phenotypes recorded for 10 traits of relevance to tropical adaptation...
September 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988345/partial-caries-removal-in-deep-caries-lesions-a-5-year-multicenter-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
M Maltz, B Koppe, J J Jardim, L S Alves, L M de Paula, P M Yamaguti, J C F Almeida, M S Moura, H D Mestrinho
OBJECTIVE: This multicenter randomized controlled clinical trial aimed to compare the outcomes of stepwise excavation (SW) and partial caries removal (PCR) regarding the maintenance of pulp vitality in deep caries lesions over 5 years. METHODS: At baseline, 299 permanent molars with deep caries lesions were randomly assigned to control or test groups. The control group received the stepwise excavation treatment (SW), while the test group received partial caries removal from the pulpal wall followed by restoration in a single session (PCR)...
October 8, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987730/excess-lead-210-and-plutonium-239-240-two-suitable-radiogenic-soil-erosion-tracers-for-mountain-grassland-sites
#8
K Meusburger, P Porto, L Mabit, C La Spada, L Arata, C Alewell
The expected growing population and challenges associated with globalisation will increase local food and feed demands and enhance the pressure on local and regional upland soil resources. In light of these potential future developments it is necessary to define sustainable land use and tolerable soil loss rates with methods applicable and adapted to mountainous areas. Fallout-radionuclides (FRNs) are proven techniques to increase our knowledge about the status and resilience of agro-ecosystems. However, the use of the Caesium-137 ((137)Cs) method is complicated in the European Alps due to its heterogeneous input and the timing of the Chernobyl fallout, which occurred during a few single rain events on partly snow covered ground...
October 5, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982156/postprandial-pyy-increase-by-resistant-starch-supplementation-is-independent-of-net-portal-appearance-of-short-chain-fatty-acids-in-pigs
#9
Anne Krog Ingerslev, Shivaprakash Jagalur Mutt, Helle Nygaard Lærke, Mette Skou Hedemann, Peter Kappel Theil, Kirstine Lykke Nielsen, Henry Jørgensen, Karl-Heinz Herzig, Knud Erik Bach Knudsen
Increased dietary fiber (DF) fermentation and short-chain fatty acid (SCFA) production may stimulate peptide tyrosine-tyrosine (PYY) secretion. In this study, the effects of hindgut SCFA production on postprandial PYY plasma levels were assessed using different experimental diets in a porto-arterial catheterized pig model. The pigs were fed experimental diets varying in source and levels of DF for one week in 3×3 Latin square designs. The DF sources were whole-wheat grain, wheat aleurone, rye aleurone-rich flour, rye flakes, and resistant starch...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977232/humanization-in-the-intensive-care-perception-of-family-and-healthcare-professionals
#10
Flavia Feron Luiz, Rita Catalina Aquino Caregnato, Márcia Rosa da Costa
Objective: Understanding perceptions of family members and healthcare professionals about humanization at the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) to direct it to an educational action. Method: Exploratory descriptive and qualitative study conducted in an ICU level 3 of a public hospital in Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil, with fourteen subjects, eight family members and six healthcare professionals. Data collection carried out through semi-structured interviews and focus group. Content Analysis was used...
September 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977070/cardiovascular-risk-and-bipolar-disorder-factors-associated-with-a-positive-coronary-calcium-score-in-patients-with-bipolar-disorder-type-1
#11
Aline R Wageck, Felipe S Torres, Clarissa S Gama, Dayane S Martins, Ellen Scotton, Ramiro Reckziegel, Monise Costanzi, Regis G Rosa, Flávio Kapczinski, Maurício Kunz
OBJECTIVE: Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in patients with bipolar disorder. The aim of this study was to evaluate the factors associated with positive coronary calcium score (CCS) in individuals with bipolar disorder type 1. METHODS: Patients from the Bipolar Disorder Program at Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, Brazil, underwent computed tomography scanning for calcium score measurement. Clinical and sociodemographic variables were compared between patients according to their CCS status: negative (CCS = 0) or positive (CCS > 0)...
October 2, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976990/viper-s-bugloss-echium-spp-honey-typing-and-establishing-the-pollen-threshold-for-monofloral-honey
#12
Tomás Martín Arroyo, Amelia V González-Porto, Carmen Bartolomé Esteban
Honey samples (n = 126) from Castilla-La Mancha (Central Spain) were characterized based on their physicochemical properties and a melissopalynological analysis. The latter showed that Echium pollen type was the dominant palynomorph in most samples, representing at least 30% of the pollen in each sample. As anticipated, a relationship was observed between the proportion of this pollen and the properties of the honey. One goal of this study was to set a threshold that defines the percentage of pollen necessary for Viper's bugloss honey to be considered monofloral or multifloral...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973765/identification-of-soybean-genotypes-with-high-stability-for-the-brazilian-macro-region-402-via-biplot-analysis
#13
E U Ramos Junior, R L Brogin, V P C Godinho, F J E Botelho, F D Tardin, P E Teodoro
Biplot analysis has often been used to recommend genotypes from different crops in the presence of the genotype x environment interaction (GxE). The objective of this study was to verify the association between the AMMI and GGE biplot methods and to select soybean genotypes that simultaneously meet high grain yield and stability to the environments belonging to the Edaphoclimatic Region 402, from Soybean Cultivation Region 4 (Mid-West), which comprises the Center North and West of Mato Grosso, and the southern region of Rondônia...
September 27, 2017: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971472/asc-and-nlrp3-impair-host-defense-during-lethal-pneumonia-caused-by-serotype-3-streptococcus-pneumoniae-in-mice
#14
Miriam H P van Lieshout, Alex F de Vos, Mark C Dessing, Alexander P N A de Porto, Onno J de Boer, Regina de Beer, Sanne Terpstra, Sandrine Florquin, Cornelis Van't Veer, Tom van der Poll
Streptococcus (S.) pneumoniae is the most common cause of community-acquired pneumonia. The Nod-like receptor family pyrin domain containing 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome, consisting of NLRP3, ASC (the adaptor apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing a CARD) and caspase-1, has been implicated in protective immunity during pneumonia induced by high doses of S. pneumoniae serotype 2. Here we investigated the role of the NLRP3 inflammasome in the host response during lethal airway infection with a low dose of serotype 3 S...
October 2, 2017: European Journal of Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969719/high-dose-enoxaparin-in-the-treatment-of-abdominal-angiostrongyliasis-in-swiss-mice
#15
A S S Sandri, R Rodriguez, M M Costa, S M Porto, D Schwingel, M I B Vieira
Abdominal angiostrongyliasis (AA) is caused by Angiostrongylus costaricensis, which inhabits mesenteric arteries. There is no drug treatment for AA, and since intestinal infarction due to thrombi is one of the main complications of the disease, the use of anticoagulants may be a treatment option. Thus, we aimed to assess the effect of high doses of enoxaparin on the prevention of ischaemic intestinal lesions and on the survival of mice infected with A. costaricensis. Twenty-four mice were infected with L3 of A...
October 3, 2017: Journal of Helminthology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969568/in-vitro-and-in-silico-activity-of-iridoids-against-leishmania-amazonensis
#16
Gilsane Lino von Poser, Maria Helena Vendruscolo, Gustavo Machado Neves, Luciano Porto Kagami, Luiz Carlos Rodrigues, Maria Luisa Diehl, Simone Cristina Baggio Gnoatto, Sérgio Augusto de Loreto Bordignon, Pedro Roosevelt Torres Romão, Vera Lucia Eifler Lima
BACKGROUND: Leishmaniasis reaches millions of people around the world. The control of the disease is difficult due to the restricted access to the diagnosis and medication and the low adherence to the treatment. Thus, more efficient drugs are need and natural products are good alternatives. Iridoids, natural products with reported leishmanicidal activity, can be exploited for the development of anti-Leishmania drugs. The aim of this study was to isolate and to investigate the in vitro activity of iridoids against Leishmania amazonensis and to compare the activity in silico of these compounds with those reported as active against this parasite...
October 2, 2017: Current Drug Discovery Technologies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968269/immunohistochemical-characterization-of-cancer-associated-fibroblasts-in-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#17
Raísa C Dourado, Lia P A Porto, Águida C G H Leitão, Paloma S G Cerqueira, Jean N Dos Santos, Luciana M P Ramalho, Flávia C A Xavier
Myofibroblasts are differentiated contractile cells that can secrete extracellular matrix components, cytokines, proteases, and proangiogenic factors. In neoplastic processes such as oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC), myofibroblasts are recognized as cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) and actively participate in tumor progression. As the presence of myofibroblasts in the stroma may be an important parameter of invasion and proliferation, the aim of this study was to evaluate the presence of CAFs in OSCC by immunophenotyping and their association with histologic classification and clinicopathologic parameters...
September 29, 2017: Applied Immunohistochemistry & Molecular Morphology: AIMM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967039/heterogeneity-of-multimedia-exposures-to-neurotoxic-elements-al-as-cd-pb-mn-and-hg-in-breastfed-infants-from-porto-velho-brazil
#18
Wanderley R Bastos, Solange M Vieira, Ângelo G Manzatto, José G Dórea, Marcelo C Rubira, Victor Francisco P de Souza, Walkimar A da Costa Junior, Maria T Souza Bastos
Infant exposure to neurotoxic elements is a public health issue that needs monitoring with regard to breast milk composition. We studied six neurotoxic elements in breast milk samples at different stages of lactation in mothers from Porto Velho, Brazil. We used a flow-injection mercury system (FIMS) to determine total Hg concentrations and an inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometer (ICP-OES) to determine the concentrations of Al, As, Cd, Pb, and Mn in 106 donors of a human milk bank. Association rules analyses were applied to determine the pattern of binary and ternary mixtures of the measured exposants...
October 1, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965663/perceptual-auditory-and-acoustical-analysis-of-the-voices-of-transgender-women
#19
Karine Schwarz, Anna Martha Vaitses Fontanari, Angelo Brandelli Costa, Bianca Machado Borba Soll, Dhiordan Cardoso da Silva, Anna Paula de Sá Villas-Bôas, Carla Aparecida Cielo, Gabriele Rodrigues Bastilha, Vanessa Veis Ribeiro, Maria Elza Kazumi Yamaguti Dorfman, Maria Inês Rodrigues Lobato
Voice is an important gender marker in the transition process as a transgender individual accepts a new gender identity. The objectives of this study were to describe and relate aspects of a perceptual-auditory analysis and the fundamental frequency (F0) of male-to-female (MtF) transsexual individuals. A case-control study was carried out with individuals aged 19-52 years who attended the Gender Identity Program of the Hospital de Clínicas of Porto Alegre. Vocal recordings from the MtF transgender and cisgender individuals (vowel /a:/ and six phrases of Consensus Auditory Perceptual Evaluation Voice [CAPE-V]) were edited and randomly coded before storage in a Dropbox folder...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965356/relationship-between-overweight-obesity-in-the-first-year-of-age-and-traumatic-dental-injuries-in-early-childhood-findings-from-a-birth-cohort-study
#20
Tássia Silvana Borges, Benjamin W Chaffee, Paulo Floriani Kramer, Eliane Gerson Feldens, Márcia Regina Vítolo, Carlos Alberto Feldens
The impact of traumatic dental injuries (TDI) in the primary dentition on oral health-related quality of life indicates the need for the planning of prevention strategies. The aim of this study was to assess whether anthropometric characteristics in early life are associated with TDI by preschool age MATERIALS AND METHODS: A birth cohort was recruited from the public healthcare system in the city of Porto Alegre, Brazil. Socio-demographic variables, type of birth, head circumference, weight and length were collected at birth (WHO standards)...
October 1, 2017: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
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