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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455997/effect-of-dynamic-high-pressure-on-emulsifying-and-encapsulant-properties-of-cashew-tree-gum
#1
Bruna Castro Porto, Marcelo Cristianini
Dynamic high pressure (DHP) has been applied in the physical modification of biopolymers as polysaccharides, proteins and gums. It is known that DHP is able to promote degradation of polysaccharides (e.g. molecular weight reduction). However, few studies have assessed the effect of DHP on the emulsifying and encapsulating properties of polysaccharides. Thus, this study aimed to investigate the effect of DHP on the emulsifying (average droplet size and particle size distribution, optical and confocal scanning laser microscopy, rheology, zeta potential and electric conductivity, creaming index, and turbidity) and encapsulating (scanning electronic microscopy, flavor retention, average droplet size, and particle size distribution) properties of cashew tree gum (CG)...
April 15, 2018: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453750/administration-of-lactobacillus-plantarum-lp62-to-dam-rats-at-the-end-of-delivery-and-during-lactation-affects-tgf-%C3%AE-1-level-and-nutritional-milk-composition-and-body-weight-of-pups
#2
Gladistone Correia Messias, Ana Marta Novais Rocha, Beatriz Manuela Silva Santos, Ana Marques Botelho, Dhaísa Cristhina Alves Silva, Erika Santos Porto, Marina Lima Dos Anjos, Rayra Almeida Sousa, Mara Viana Silva, Thainara Barros da Rocha, Aracely Vieira de Melo, Manoela Rios Trindade Carneiro, Nayonara Santana Aguiar, Patrícia Prado Santos, Erika Pereira de Souza, Mariluze Peixoto Cruz, Lucas Miranda Marques, Raquel Passos Rezende, Carla Cristina Romano, Ana Paula Uetanabaro, Gabriel Vinderola, Regiane Yatsuda
PURPOSE: Lactobacillus plantarum Lp62 is a lactic acid bacteria strain that has been isolated from cocoa beans and exhibited probiotic potential. The influence of oral administration of L. plantarum Lp62 on the growth of rat's pups; on yield, cytokines and milk composition was studied. METHODS: Lactobacillus plantarum Lp62 is a lactic acid bacteria strain that has been isolated from cocoa beans. It was administered daily by gavage to Wistar rats (n = 8), from the 7th day before delivery and for 20 days during lactation, in a concentration of 1...
February 16, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453107/body-fluid-identification-using-a-targeted-mrna-massively-parallel-sequencing-approach-results-of-a-euroforgen-ednap-collaborative-exercise
#3
S Ingold, G Dørum, E Hanson, A Berti, W Branicki, P Brito, P Elsmore, K B Gettings, F Giangasparo, T E Gross, S Hansen, E N Hanssen, M-L Kampmann, M Kayser, F-X Laurent, N Morling, A Mosquera-Miguel, W Parson, C Phillips, M J Porto, E Pośpiech, A D Roeder, P M Schneider, K Schulze Johann, C R Steffen, D Syndercombe-Court, M Trautmann, M van den Berge, K J van der Gaag, J Vannier, V Verdoliva, A Vidaki, C Xavier, J Ballantyne, C Haas
In a previous study we presented an assay for targeted mRNA sequencing for the identification of human body fluids, optimised for the Illumina MiSeq/FGx MPS platform. This assay, together with an additional in-house designed assay for the Ion Torrent PGM/S5 platform, was the basis for a collaborative exercise within 17 EUROFORGEN and EDNAP laboratories, in order to test the efficacy of targeted mRNA sequencing to identify body fluids. The task was to analyse the supplied dried body fluid stains and, optionally, participants' own bona fide or mock casework samples of human origin, according to specified protocols...
January 31, 2018: Forensic Science International. Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451647/criopreserved-ovarian-tissue-transplantation-and-bone-restoration-metabolism-in-castrated-rats
#4
Lígia Helena Ferreira Melo E Silva, João Marcos DE Meneses E Silva, Mahmoud Salama, Luiz Gonzaga Porto Pinheiro, Franciele Osmarini Lunardi, Paulo Goberlânio Barros DA Silva, Carlos Gustavo Hirth, Igor Freitas DE Lucena, Glauco Jorge DA Costa Gomes, José Alberto Dias Leite
OBJECTIVES: to evaluate estradiol levels and autotransplantation heated ovarian tissue effects, after vitrification, on rats bone metabolism previously oophorectomized bilaterally. METHODS: experimental study with 27 rats aged 11 to 12 weeks and weighing 200g to 300g, submitted to bilateral oophorectomy and ovarian tissue cryopreservation for subsequent reimplantation. Animals were divided into two groups, A and B, with 8 and 19 rats, respectively. Autotransplantation occurred in two periods according to castration time: after one week, in group A, and after one month in group B...
2018: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446255/potential-genetic-markers-for-nonsyndromic-oral-clefts-in-the-brazilian-population-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Renato Assis Machado, Isabela Porto de Toledo, Hercilio Martelli-Júnior, Silvia Regina Reis, Eliete Neves Silva Guerra, Ricardo D Coletta
BACKGROUND: Although various genes and genomic regions were described as of susceptibility for nonsyndromic oral clefts (NOC), recent reports have demonstrated significant interethnic variations in the genetic predisposition, a situation that affects the Brazilian population, one of the most admixed populations in the world. Therefore, the purpose of this review was to describe the available information on genetic risk markers for NOC in the Brazilian population. METHODS: A systematic search of the literature was performed using LILACS, LIVIVO, PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science databases, and studies that investigated genetic susceptibility markers for NOC in the Brazilian population were retrieved...
February 15, 2018: Birth Defects Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444484/application-of-a-new-targeted-low-density-microarray-and-conventional-biomarkers-to-evaluate-the-health-status-of-marine-mussels-a-field-study-in-sardinian-coast-italy
#6
Susanna Sforzini, Caterina Oliveri, Andrea Orrù, Giannina Chessa, Beniamina Pacchioni, Caterina Millino, Awadhesh N Jha, Aldo Viarengo, Mohamed Banni
In the present study, we investigated the health status of marine mussels (Mytilus galloprovincialis) caged and deployed at three different sites on the Sardinian coastline characterized by different levels of contamination: Fornelli (F, the reference site), Cala Real (CR), and Porto Torres (PT). A new low density oligonucleotide microarray was used to investigate global gene expression in the digestive gland of mussels. Target genes were selected to cover most of the biological processes involved in the stress response in bivalve mollusks (e...
February 11, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432256/portal-vein-thrombosis-yes-or-no-on-anticoagulation-therapy
#7
Fanny Turon, Virginia Hernández-Gea, Juan Carlos García-Pagán
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To describe portal vein thrombosis (PVT) in the setting of cirrhosis especially in relation to its potential impact on liver transplantation. In addition, the safety and efficacy of anticoagulation is reviewed. RECENT FINDINGS: PVT in cirrhosis occurs in up to 26% of patients awaiting liver transplantation. Different studies have suggested that PVT impacts negatively post-liver transplantation survival, particularly in first year post-liver transplantation and when PVT is complete involving the porto-mesenteric confluence and not allowing physiological anastomosis...
February 9, 2018: Current Opinion in Organ Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430665/health-related-physical-fitness-and-quality-of-life-in-men-with-congenital-hypogonadotropic-hypogonadism
#8
K S L Mileski, M Bottaro, L G Grossi-Porto, A Lofrano-Porto
Congenital hypogonadotropic hypogonadism is a rare disorder characterised by impaired testosterone secretion since birth, and represents a valuable model for studying the effects of testosterone replacement therapy (TRT) in humans. This cross-sectional study aimed to investigate all health-related physical fitness (HRPF) components and quality of life in a series of eight men with hypogonadotropic hypogonadism under regular TRT. The study group was compared to a control group of 16 healthy subjects paired for age, body mass index and physical activity...
February 11, 2018: Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429906/suicide-risk-temperament-traits-and-sleep-quality-in-patients-with-refractory-epilepsy
#9
Sayra Catalina Coral Castro, Gislaine Verginia Baroni, William Alves Martins, André Luis Fernandes Palmini, Luísa Weber Bisol
OBJECTIVES: The objective of the study was to access the suicide risk (SR) in patients with refractory epilepsy and its association with temperament and sleep quality. METHODS: A total of 50 consecutive patients referred for epilepsy surgery evaluation in the Porto Alegre Epilepsy Surgery Program were included. All patients had a detailed neurologic and psychiatric evaluation, including video-electroencephalogram (VEEG), high-resolution magnetic ressonance imaging (MRI), and neuropsychologic assessment...
February 8, 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428927/dancing-for-healthy-aging-functional-and-metabolic-perspectives
#10
Josianne Rodrigues-Krause, Mauricio Krause, Alvaro Reischak-Oliveira
Context • Dancing has been used as a form of exercise to improve functional and metabolic outcomes during aging. The field lacks randomized, clinical trials (RCTs) evaluating metabolic outcomes related to dance interventions, but dancing may be a form of exercise that could induce positive effects on the metabolic health of older adults. However, primary studies seem very heterogonous regarding the trial designs, characteristics of the interventions, the methods for outcomes assessments, statistical powers, and methodological quality...
February 10, 2018: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425751/aggression-using-a-knife-or-other-sharp-instruments-and-oral-maxillofacial-traumas-incidence-risk-factors-and-epidemiologic-trends
#11
Luzia Michelle Santos, Italo M Bernardino, Alysson Vinicius Ferreira Porto, Kevan Guilherme Nórbrega Barbosa, Lorena Marques da Nóbrega, Sérgio d'Avila
PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to characterize the profile of victims of interpersonal physical violence (IPV) caused by a knife or other sharp instrument, identify the factors associated with maxillofacial trauma, and examine the incidence of maxillofacial trauma over time. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In a retrospective cohort study, we evaluated 569 medicolegal and social records of IPV victims by knife or other sharp instruments treated at a forensic medicine and dentistry center in Brazil during a 4-year consecutive period...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424814/cytomegalovirus-infection-in-pediatric-severe-ulcerative-colitis-a-multicenter-study-from-the-pediatric-inflammatory-bowel-disease-porto-group-of-the-european-society-of-pediatric-gastroenterology-hepatology-and-nutrition
#12
Shlomi Cohen, Christine Martinez-Vinson, Marina Aloi, Dan Turner, Amit Assa, Lissy de Ridder, Victorien M Wolters, Tim de Meij, Patrizia Alvisi, Jiri Bronsky, Uri Kopylov
BACKGROUND: Data on the clinical course and outcomes of pediatric patients with cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection complicating acute severe ulcerative colitis (ASC) are very limited. The aim of our study was to compare outcomes of children with ASC who were CMV positive or CMV negative. METHODS: This was a multicenter retrospective case-controlled study, from centers affiliated with the Pediatric Inflammatory Bowel Disease Porto Group of European Society of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition...
March 2018: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421495/the-prevalence-of-hla-alleles-in-a-lupus-nephritis-population
#13
Maria Izabel de Holanda, Evandro Klumb, Alicia Imada, Livia A Lima, Isabela Alcântara, Flavia Gregório, Luis Fernando Christiani, Clarice Oliveira Martins, Branca Engel Timoner, Juliana Motta, Roberto Pozzan, Luis Cristóvão Pôrto
BACKGROUND: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a severe autoimmune disease that involves multiple organ systems. Lupus nephritis (LN) is a complication of SLE and is associated with poor survival and high morbidity. Many genomic studies have been performed worldwide, and several histocompatibility leukocyte antigen (HLA) loci are linked to lupus susceptibility. OBJECTIVE: The present study evaluated the association of HLA alleles in a lupus patient population, LN group and control group...
February 5, 2018: Transplant Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407829/enantioselective-biodegradation-of-the-pyrethroid-%C3%A2-lambda-cyhalothrin-by-marine-derived-fungi
#14
Willian G Birolli, Bruna Vacondio, Natália Alvarenga, Mirna H R Seleghim, André L M Porto
The contamination of agricultural lands by pesticides is a serious environmental issue. Consequently, the development of bioremediation methods for different active ingredients, such as pyrethroids, is essential. In this study, the enantioselective biodegradation of (±)-lambda-cyhalothrin ((±)-LC) by marine-derived fungi was studied. Experiments were performed with different fungi strains (Aspergillus sp. CBMAI 1829, Acremonium sp. CBMAI 1676, Microsphaeropsis sp. CBMAI 1675 and Westerdykella sp. CBMAI 1679) in 3% malt liquid medium with 100 mg L-1 of (±)-LC...
January 16, 2018: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403527/microsatellites-associated-with-growth-performance-and-analysis-of-resistance-to-aeromonas-hydrophila-in-tambaqui-colossoma-macropomum
#15
Raquel B Ariede, Milena V Freitas, Milene E Hata, Vito A Mastrochirico-Filho, Fabiana Pilarski, Sergio R Batlouni, Fábio Porto-Foresti, Diogo T Hashimoto
Tambaqui, Colossoma macropomum, is the main native fish species produced in Brazil, and is an important species for genetic improvement in aquaculture. In addition, breeding studies on this species can be optimized with the use of molecular markers associated with productive phenotypes. The objective of the present study was to test the performance of growth traits and resistance to the bacteria, Aeromonas hydrophila, in association with microsatellite markers in C. macropomum. In this study, three full-sib families were subjected to bacterial challenge and morphometric growth assessments...
2018: Frontiers in Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401860/point-to-point-overlay-of-a-100gb-s-dp-qpsk-channel-in-lr-pons-for-urban-and-rural-areas
#16
Stefano Porto, Daniel Carey, Nicola Brandonisio, Alan Naughton, Cleitus Antony, Peter Ossieur, Nick Parsons, Giuseppe Talli, Paul D Townsend
The continuing growth in information demand from fixed and mobile end-users, coupled with the need to deliver this content in an economically viable manner, is driving new innovations in access networks. In particular, it is becoming increasingly important to find new ways to enable the coexistence of heterogeneous services types which may require different signal modulation formats over the same fiber infrastructure. For example, the same physical layer can potentially be used to deliver shared 10Gb/s services to residential customers, dedicated point-to-point (P2P) 100Gb/s services to business customers, and wireless fronthaul, in a highly cost-effective manner...
February 5, 2018: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397447/does-ancestry-influence-health-related-quality-of-life-in-type-1-diabetes-patients-a-nationwide-study-in-brazil
#17
Deborah Conte Santos, Marcela Haas Pizarro, Bianca S V Barros, Laura G Nunes de Melo, Luis Cristovão Porto, Dayse A Silva, Marilia Brito Gomes
AIMS: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the relationship between self-reported color/race and genomic ancestry with HRQoL of patients with type 1 diabetes in a highly admixed population. METHODS: This was a nationwide, cross-sectional study conducted with 1760 patients with type 1 diabetes from 2011 to 2014 at public clinics in all five Brazilian geographical regions. Information on HRQoL was obtained from two self-completed questionnaires: Short Form-6 Dimensions (SF-6D) and EuroQol-5 Dimensions (EQ-5D) with a visual analogue scale (EQ-VAS)...
February 3, 2018: Acta Diabetologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397040/phase-angle-as-a-sarcopenia-marker-in-hospitalized-elderly-patients
#18
Natalia de Moraes Santana, Claudia Porto Sabino Pinho, Cristiane Pereira da Silva, Natalia Fernandes Dos Santos, Roberta Maria Lins Mendes
BACKGROUND: Phase angle (PhA) has been proposed as a parameter to predict clinical outcomes and mortality for various diseases. Several studies have considered it an important nutrition assessment tool. However, the usefulness of this parameter as a sarcopenia marker has not yet been evaluated. This study was developed to evaluate the performance of PhA as a sarcopenia marker in hospitalized elderly patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study involving elderly patients admitted to a hospital in northeastern Brazil...
February 3, 2018: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389885/2015-health-survey-of-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-with-focus-in-nutrition-rationale-design-and-procedures
#19
Regina Mara Fisberg, Cristiane Hermes Sales, Mariane de Mello Fontanelli, Jaqueline Lopes Pereira, Maria Cecília Goi Porto Alves, Maria Mercedes Loureiro Escuder, Chester Luís Galvão César, Moisés Goldbaum
This paper describes the design, sampling methods, and data collection procedures, with particular focus on dietary data, used for the 2015 Health Survey of São Paulo (Inquérito de Saúde de São Paulo, 2015 ISA-Capital) with Focus in Nutrition Study (2015 ISA-Nutrition). The ISA is a household cross-sectional, population-based survey that uses complex, stratified, multistage sampling to create a representative sample of residents from urban São Paulo, Brazil. The 2015 ISA-Nutrition comprised a sub-sample of the 2015 ISA-Capital and intended to include 300 adolescents (aged 12 to 19 years), 300 adults (aged 20 to 59 years), and 300 older adults (aged ≥60 years)...
February 1, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29388241/oral-health-of-the-latin-american-elders-what-we-know-and-what-we-should-do-position-paper-of-the-latin-american-oral-geriatric-group-of-the-international-association-for-dental-research
#20
REVIEW
Soraya León, Renato J De Marchi, Luisa H Tôrres, Fernando N Hugo, Iris Espinoza, Rodrigo A Giacaman
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this review was to gather information and discuss oral health status of older people in the Latin American and Caribbean region (LAC). BACKGROUND: Scarce data are available to portrait the oral situation of older people in the region. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This review paper is the result of a meeting of the IADR's Latin American Geriatric Oral Research Group held in Porto Alegre, Brazil, in November of 2016, part of the activities of an IADR Regional Development Programme (RDP)...
February 1, 2018: Gerodontology
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