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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430891/development-and-validation-of-diagnostic-criteria-for-ibd-subtypes-with-an-emphasis-on-ibd-unclassified-in-children-a-multicenter-study-from-the-pediatric-ibd-porto-group-of-espghan
#1
Liron Birimberg-Schwartz, David M Zucker, Amichay Akriv, Salvatore Cucchiara, Fiona L Cameron, David C Wilson, Iza Lazowska, Lambri Yianni, Siba Prosad Paul, Claudio Romano, Sanja Kolacek, Stephan Buderus, Anders Pærregaard, Richard K Russell, Johanna C Escher, Dan Turner
Background: The revised Porto criteria identify subtypes of pediatric inflammatory bowel diseases: ulcerative colitis (UC), atypical UC, Inflammatory Bowel Disease Unclassified (IBDU), and Crohn's disease (CD). In continuation of the Porto criteria, we aimed to derive and validate criteria for standardizing the classification of the IBD subtypes. Methods: This was a multicenter retrospective longitudinal study from 23 centers affiliated with the Porto-group of ESPGHAN...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425882/associations-between-the-big-five-personality-traits-and-a-medical-school-admission-interview
#2
Isabel Lourinho, André Moreira, Rui Mota-Cardoso, Milton Severo, Maria Amélia Ferreira
INTRODUCTION: Personality has became popular in medical student's selection. However, few research exists about the association between the big five personality traits and the existent medical school selection tools. Our aim was to study which personality traits were selected by a medical school admission interview. MATERIAL AND METHODS: One hundred ninety four graduate applicants that had applied to the Faculty of Medicine of the University of Porto through the graduate entry approach, after ranked on previous achievement, were interviewed between the academic years of 2011 and 2013...
December 30, 2016: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422553/psychometric-properties-of-the-brazilian-portuguese-version-of-the-parmed-x-for-pregnancy
#3
Roberta Bgeginski, Diogo A DeSousa, Bruna M Barroso, Janete Vettorazzi, Michelle F Mottola, Felipe B Schuch, José Geraldo L Ramos
BACKGROUND: The Physical Activity Readiness Medical Examination (PARmed-X) for Pregnancy aims to facilitate the communication between the health care provider, the fitness professional and the pregnant woman. The purpose of the present study was to test the psychometric properties of the Brazilian Portuguese version of the PARmed-X for Pregnancy. METHODS: Reliability and validity of psychometric properties of the Brazilian Portuguese version of the PARmed-X for Pregnancy were tested in 107 women recruited from the Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414738/barriers-and-facilitators-for-men-to-attend-prenatal-care-and-obtain-hiv-voluntary-counseling-and-testing-in-brazil
#4
Nava Yeganeh, Mariana Simon, Deborah Mindry, Karin Nielsen-Saines, Maria Cristina Chaves, Breno Santos, Marineide Melo, Brenna Mendoza, Pamina Gorbach
BACKGROUND: Providing HIV voluntary counseling and testing (VCT) to men who attend their partner's prenatal care is an intervention with potential to reduce HIV transmission to women and infants during the vulnerable period of pregnancy. Little is known about the acceptability of this intervention in global settings outside of Africa. METHODS: We conducted in-depth qualitative interviews to evaluate potential barriers and facilitators to prenatal care attendance for HIV VCT with 20 men who did and 15 men who did not attend prenatal care with their partners at Hospital Conceiçao in Porto Alegre, Brazil...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412252/replicative-senescence-promotes-prothrombotic-responses-in-endothelial-cells-role-of-nadph-oxidase-and-cyclooxygenase-derived-oxidative-stress
#5
Grazielle Caroline da Silva, Malak Abbas, Sonia Khemais-Benkhiat, Melanie Burban, Thais Porto Ribeiro, Florence Toti, Noureddine Idris-Khodja, Steyner F Côrtes, Valérie B Schini-Kerth
Endothelial senescence has been suggested to promote endothelial dysfunction in age-related vascular disorders. This study evaluated the prothrombotic properties of senescent endothelial cells (ECs) and the underlying mechanism. Serial passaging from passage (P)1 to P4 (replicative senescence) of porcine coronary artery ECs, or treatment of P1 ECs with the endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) inhibitor L-NAME (premature senescence) induced acquisition of markers of senescence including increased senescence-associated-β-galactosidase (SA-β-gal) activity and p53, p21, p16 expression...
April 12, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411003/bryne-s-grading-system-predicts-poor-disease-specific-survival-of-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma-a-comparative-study-among-different-histologic-grading-systems
#6
Vivian Petersen Wagner, Liana Preto Webber, Marina Curra, Isadora Peres Klein, Luise Meurer, Vinicius Coelho Carrad, Manoela Domingues Martins
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to access the prognostic value of 4 histopathologic grading systems of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC): The World Health Organization (WHO), Anneroth, Bryne (1989), and Bryne (1992). STUDY DESIGN: Eighty-five cases of OSCC diagnosed between 1996 and 2010 at the Clinics Hospital of Porto Alegre (Porto Alegre, Brazil) were included. Slides stained with hematoxylin and eosin were obtained, and a histologic grade was assigned on the basis of the consensus of 3 expert oral pathologists, who were blinded to the clinicopathologic factors...
February 28, 2017: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410506/inhibitory-effect-of-campomanesia-xanthocarpa-in-platelet-aggregation-comparison-and-synergism-with-acetylsalicylic-acid
#7
Juliana Soares Otero, Gabriela Elisa Hirsch, Jonatas Zeni Klafke, Fernando Garcez Porto, Amanda Spring de Almeida, Sabrina Nascimento, Aline Schmidt, Brenda da Silva, Roberta Lelis Dias Pereira, Mônica Jaskulski, Mariana Migliorini Parisi, Naiara Dos Santos Guarda, Rafael Noal Moresco, Carlos Alberto Mayora Aita, Paulo Ricardo Nazário Viecili
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Cardiovascular diseases of thrombotic origin are related to high mortality and standard therapeutic agent used in this case is acetylsalicylic acid (ASA), but serious adverse events may occur. However, recent data has suggested the plant Campomanesia xanthocarpa has antiplatelet activity and could be a viable alternative. In this study we investigated the effects of the encapsulated powder of this plant in human platelet aggregation. METHODS: 23 healthy subjects were randomly divided into three groups: (1) ASA (100mg), (2) C...
March 23, 2017: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403319/assessment-of-factors-related-to-smokers-adherence-to-a-short-term-support-group-for-smoking-cessation-a-longitudinal-study-in-a-developing-country
#8
Luciana Rizzieri Figueiró, Helena Maria Tannhauser Barros, Maristela Ferigolo, Denise Conceição Mesquita Dantas
Objective: The aim of this study was to determine which individual characteristics of smokers are associated with their adherence to a support group for smoking cessation. Methods: Smokers from Porto Alegre, Brazil, were invited to participate in a support group for smoking cessation consisting of four weekly sessions. Demographic data, smoking history, presence of tobacco-related diseases, severity of nicotine dependence, stage of motivation, and symptoms of anxiety and depression were evaluated at baseline...
January 2017: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403312/nursing-throughout-war-times-political-propaganda-and-professional-valorization-1942-1945
#9
Thais da Silva Kneodler, Graciele Oroski Paes, Fernando Rocha Porto, Pedro Ruiz Barbosa Nassar, Alexandre Barbosa de Oliveira
OBJECTIVE: to discuss the symbolic effects of the publication on written press of institutional rites related to the courses promoted by the Brazilian Federal District's Schools of Nursing during the Second World War. METHOD: exploratory and documentary study, whose sources were treated by historical method. RESULTS: one noticed, in the news reports analyzed, that the Brazilian Estado Novo has used nurses images to divulge within the society the woman's acting altruistic model in service to the country, through the systematic diffusion by the press of her honorable acting during the war, what assured the amplification of the visibility and acknowledgment of the Nursing profession in that context...
April 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401681/effect-of-dentin-pretreatment-with-potassium-oxalate-a-6-year-follow-up
#10
Isabel Cristina Celerino de Moraes Porto, Joatan Lucas de Sousa Gomes Costa, Marcio Rafael Nascimento da Silva Lopes, Johnnatan Duarte de Freitas, Isabelle Lins Macêdo de Oliveira, Gabriela Queiroz de Melo Monteiro, Marcos Antônio Japiassú Resende Montes
Oxalate-based products are effective against dentine sensitivity and have been studied as an option to improve long-term adhesive bonding strength. Our aim was to evaluate the effect of potassium oxalate on the microtensile bond strength (µTBS) of the dentin/resin interface after 24 h, 1, and 6 years. Dentin on the occlusal surface of 16 human premolars was exposed and etched with 35% phosphoric acid. The teeth were divided into four groups. Two groups received 3% monohydrated potassium oxalate and the following adhesive systems and composites: Adper Scotchbond Multipurpose + FiltekZ350 (3M/ESPE) and Prime & Bond NT + Esthet-X (Dentsply)...
April 12, 2017: Microscopy Research and Technique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399264/phlebotomine-sand-fly-composition-diptera-psychodidae-and-putative-vectors-of-american-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-in-porto-velho-municipality-western-amazon-brazil
#11
Fábio Resadore, Antônio Marques Pereira Júnior, Luís Paulo Costa Carvalho, Ana Paula de Azevedo Dos Santos, Carolina Bioni Garcia Teles, Jansen Fernandes Medeiros
This study evaluated the species composition of sand flies and identified potential vectors of Leishmania Ross species in rural areas of Porto Velho, Rondônia State, Brazil. American cutaneous leishmaniasis (ACL) is one of the gravest threats to public health in this state. Sand flies were collected over the course of 2014 and 2015 using HP light traps. Polymerase chain reaction was performed by targeting the Leishmania mkDNA region. In total, 2,344 sand flies were collected, from which 45 species, nine subgenera, and five species group were identified...
February 4, 2017: Journal of Medical Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397122/optimal-air-quality-policies-and-health-a-multi-objective-nonlinear-approach
#12
Helder Relvas, Ana Isabel Miranda, Claudio Carnevale, Giuseppe Maffeis, Enrico Turrini, Marialuisa Volta
The use of modelling tools to support decision-makers to plan air quality policies is now quite widespread in Europe. In this paper, the Regional Integrated Assessment Tool (RIAT+), which was designed to support policy-maker decision on optimal emission reduction measures to improve air quality at minimum costs, is applied to the Porto Urban Area (Portugal). In addition to technological measures, some local measures were included in the optimization process. Case study results are presented for a multi-objective approach focused on both NO2 and PM10 control measures, assuming equivalent importance in the optimization process...
April 10, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391514/inflammatory-and-oxidative-stress-markers-in-experimental-allergic-asthma
#13
Renata Tiscoski Nesi, Emanuel Kennedy-Feitosa, Manuella Lanzetti, Mariana Barcellos Ávila, Clarissa Bichara Magalhães, Walter Araújo Zin, Débora Souza Faffe, Luís Cristóvão Porto, Samuel Santos Valença
Ovalbumin-induced allergic lung inflammation (ALI) is a condition believed to be mediated by cytokines, extracellular matrix remodeling, and redox imbalance. In this study, we evaluated pulmonary function together with inflammatory markers as interleukin-4 (IL-4), myeloperoxidase (MPO), eosinophil cells, and redox markers in the lungs of BALB/c mice after ovalbumin (OVA) sensitization and challenge. Our results showed an increase in bronchial hyperresponsiveness stimulated by methacholine (Mch), inflammatory cell influx, especially eosinophils together with an increase of high mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) and altered lipid peroxidation (LP) and antioxidant defenses in the OVA group compared to the control group (p ≤ 0...
April 8, 2017: Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390464/caries-experience-and-periodontal-status-in-children-and-adolescents-with-cleft-lip-and-palate
#14
Kadyja Assis Veiga, Alessandra Nogueira Porto, Fernanda Zanol Matos, Pammela Cris Brandão de Brito, Álvaro Henrique Borges, Luiz Evaristo Ricci Volpato, Andreza Maria Fábio Aranha
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the rate of dental caries and the periodontal status of children and adolescents with cleft lip and palate (CLP) and to compare them with gender- and age-matched control subjects. METHODS: A total of 156 five- to 18-year-olds, with or without CLP, were examined for dental caries (decayed, missing and filled permanent teeth and primary surfaces [DMFT and dmfs, respectively] indices), plaque index (PI), the gingival bleeding index (BI), clinical attachment level (CAL), and probing pocket depth (PPD)...
March 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383602/fungal-contamination-and-disinfection-of-dental-chairs-teresina-piaui-brazil
#15
Antônio Iv de Almondes, Jhonatta Op de Araújo, Larissa Mendes de Sirqueira Amaral, Renandro C Reis, Jhonatas Cs Porto, João Batista Teles, Thiago L Monte, Iraci de Ms Noleto, Tanit C Santos, Ivonizete P Ribeiro, Mitra Mobin
The aim of this study was to analyze fungal contamination on dental chairs at the clinic of a Higher Education Institution in TeresinaPI, Brazil, and to evaluate the effectiveness of different disinfectants: 70% alcohol and 1% sodium hypochlorite. We selected the five sites with most contact between patient and chair: headrest, backrest, armrests, seat and foot rest. Samples were collected from these sites on 14 chairs and inoculated in agar Sabouraud culture medium containing chloramphenicol. Pathogenic fungi were isolated from all sampling sites on the chairs...
December 2016: Acta Odontológica Latinoamericana: AOL
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380590/global-differential-gene-expression-in-the-pituitary-gland-and-the-ovaries-of-pre-and-postpubertal-brahman-heifers
#16
L T Nguyen, A Reverter, A Cánovas, B Venus, A Islas-Trejo, L R Porto-Neto, S A Lehnert, J F Medrano, S S Moore, M R S Fortes
To understand genes, pathways, and networks related to puberty, we characterized the transcriptome of two tissues: the pituitary gland and ovaries. Samples were harvested from pre- and postpubertal Brahman heifers (same age group). Brahman heifers () are older at puberty compared with , a productivity issue. With RNA sequencing, we identified differentially expressed (DEx) genes and important transcription factors (TF) and predicted coexpression networks. The number of DEx genes detected in the pituitary gland was 284 ( < 0...
February 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380206/adolescent-pregnancy-and-transition-to-adulthood-in-young-users-of-the-sus
#17
Elisabeth Meloni Vieira, Aylene Bousquat, Claudia Renata Dos Santos Barros, Maria Cecilia Goi Porto Alves
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to contextualize adolescent pregnancy from milestones associated with the process of transition from youth to adulthood. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study conducted with 200 adolescents, users of the Brazilian Unified Health System. The sample size for the estimation of proportions has been calculated assuming a population ratio of 0.50 and 95% confidence level. The dependent variables - planned pregnancy, living with a partner, and having left the parents' house - have been considered as markers of transition from dependence to independence, from youth to adulthood...
March 30, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380154/caring-for-crack-users-strategies-and-work-practices-in-the-territory
#18
Aline Basso da Silva, Leandro Barbosa Pinho, Agnes Olschowsky, Débora Schlotefeldt Siniak, Cristiane Kenes Nunes
Objective: To know the care strategies for crack users in Brazil from the perspective of the Centre of Psychosocial Care for Alcohol and Other Drugs (CAPS AD). Method: This is a qualitative descriptive study. Data were collected by means of interviews conducted with eight professionals of a CAPS AD in the metropolitan region of Porto Alegre, between February and March 2013. Data were subjected to thematic analysis. Results: The analysed data revealed the use of care strategies, such as itinerant teams, home visits, and the extended clinic, and that the work territory should essentially be the home of the professional...
March 30, 2017: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380133/association-between-obstructive-sleep-apnea-and-myocardial-infarction-a-systematic-review
#19
Fernanda Porto, Yuri Saho Sakamoto, Cristina Salles
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) has been associated to cardiovascular risk factors. However, the association between OSA and cardiovascular disease is still controversial. The objective of the present study was to verify the association between OSA and myocardial infarction (MI). This is a systematic review of the literature performed through electronic data sources MEDLINE/PubMed, PubMed Central, Web of Science and BVS -Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde (Virtual Health Library). The descriptors used were: 'obstructive sleep apnea' AND 'polysomnography' AND 'myocardial infarction' AND 'adults NOT 'treatment...
March 30, 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380111/genetic-variability-of-populations-of-nyssomyia-neivai-in-the-northern-state-of-paran%C3%A3-brazil
#20
Jaqueline de Carvalho Gasparotto, Magda Clara Vieira da Costa-Ribeiro, Vanete Thomaz-Soccol, Sandra Mara Rodrigues da Silva Liebel, Herintha Coeto Neitzke-Abreu, Kárin Rosi Reinhold-Castro, Edilson Colhera Cristovão, Ueslei Teodoro
The genetic study of sandfly populations needs to be further explored given the importance of these insects for public health. Were sequenced the NDH4 mitochondrial gene from populations of Nyssomyia neivai from Doutor Camargo, Lobato, Japira, and Porto Rico, municipalities in the State of Paraná, Brazil, to understand the genetic structure and gene flow. Eighty specimens of Ny. Neivai were sequenced, 20 from each municipality, and 269 base pairs were obtained. A total of 27 haplotypes and 28 polymorphic sites were found, along with a haplotypic diversity of 0...
April 3, 2017: Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo
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