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Porto study

Maria Carolina Ferreira, Isabela Porto de Toledo, Kamile Leonardi Dutra, Fabiane Miron Stefani, André Luís Porporatti, Carlos Flores-Mir, Graziela De Luca Canto
Temporomandibular disorder (TMD) is an umbrella condition presenting several signs and symptoms including pain in the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) and masticatory muscles, articular noises, earache, headache, irregular or restricted jaw function, chewing difficulty, and limited mouth opening. Such TMD impairment may cause disorders during the chewing process. Therefore, the purpose of this systematic review was to assess chewing dysfunctions measured by sEMG, and their association with TMD. A combination and variation of the descriptors "temporomandibular joint disorders", "masticatory dysfunctions", and electromyography were used to perform the searches across databases...
June 16, 2018: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
Fabio Antonio Piola Rizzante, Paula Minatel Locatelli, Thiago Soares Porto, Ana Flávia Sanches Borges, Rafael Francisco Lia Mondelli, Sérgio Kiyoshi Ishikiriama
The purpose of this in vitro study was to compare the micro hardness, color stability/ΔE, and degree of conversion/DC of a resin cement light cured through different ceramic spacers. Lithium-disilicate ceramic samples were obtained from IPS E-max CAD blocks (HT A1) and IPS in-Ceram (transparent neutral); and divided in 7 groups (n = 8 for each test): CTR/control group; 06 M/0.6 mm monolithic; 12 M/1.2 mm monolithic; 20 M/2.0 mm monolithic; 06B/0.4 + 0.2 mm bilayered; 12B/1.0 + 0.2 mm bilayered; 20B/1...
June 4, 2018: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
B A Santos, K R Reinhold-Castro, E C Cristóvão, T G V Silveira, U Teodoro
Leishmaniasis is a vector-borne disease caused by the protozoan Leishmania and it is one of the six most important infectious diseases in the world. The aim of this study was to conduct a research on the fauna and most frequented ecotopes by sandflies on islands of the Paraná River. The sandflies were collected with Falcão light traps in 10 islands in the municipalities of São Pedro do Paraná, Porto Rico, and Querência do Norte, in Paraná State, Brazil, from November 2012 to November 2014. In total, 76,145 specimens of Nyssomyia neivai, the only species found, were collected, of which 63,015 were female and 13,130, male...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Medical Entomology
Inês Pádua, André Moreira, Pedro Moreira, Renata Barros
BACKGROUND: Food allergy is a growing public health concern. The literature suggests that a significant number of reactions occur in community services, such as schools and restaurants. Therefore, suitable training and education for education and catering professionals using viable and practical tools is needed. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of a Web-based food allergy training program for professionals working in schools and restaurants, designed to improve knowledge and good practices in the community...
June 12, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
Ana Silva Alexandrino, Rita Santos, Cristina Melo, David Tomé, José Mesquita Bastos, Guy Postiaux
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Children up to 2 years old are at high risk of respiratory infections and nasal irrigation is often prescribed. Yet, to date there is no sufficient knowledge about its immediate effects on the nasopharynx and middle ear. Therefore, this study aimed to analyze the effect of a rhino-pharyngeal clearance intervention protocol on nasal obstruction and middle ear condition in children under 3 years of age with URTI. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Randomized controlled trial in a day-care centre of Porto, including 44 children randomized to Intervention Group (IG) and Control Group (CG)...
June 8, 2018: Acta Otorrinolaringológica Española
Trusha J Purohit, Sara M Hanning, Zimei Wu
Drug delivery via the rectum is a useful alternative route of administration to the oral route for patients who cannot swallow. Traditional rectal dosage forms have been traditionally used for localised treatments including delivery of laxatives, treatment of haemorrhoids and for delivery of antipyretics. However, the recent trend is showing an increased incline for development of novel rectal delivery systems to deliver drug directly into the systemic circulation by taking advantage of porto-systemic shunting...
June 11, 2018: Pharmaceutical Development and Technology
Amanda Pinto Bandeira Rodrigues de Sousa, Kamilla França, Liliana Vicente Melo de Lucas Rezende, Déborah Lousan do Nascimento Poubel, Julio César Franco Almeida, Isabela Porto de Toledo, Fernanda Cristina Pimentel Garcia
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Fragment reattachment is a procedure that offers advantages, such as preservation of dental structure and maintenance of color, shape and translucency of the original tooth. The aim of this study was to analyze the reattachment techniques used to restore anterior teeth fractured by trauma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The PubMed, LILACS, Web of Science, Cochrane and Scopus databases were searched in October 2016, and the search was updated in February 2017...
June 11, 2018: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
Aline Veroneze de Mello, Flávia Mori Sarti, Jaqueline Lopes Pereira, Moisés Goldbaum, Chester Luiz Galvão Cesar, Maria Cecilia Goi Porto Alves, Regina Mara Fisberg
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have explored the influence of socioeconomic inequalities on the diet quality. However, there is lack of evidence regarding the level of inequalities in dietary quality and its main contributing factors from population-based follow-up studies. The primary objective of this study was to investigate the level and the determinants of inequalities in diet quality in a representative sample of adolescents, adults and older adults resident in São Paulo, Brazil. METHODS: Data from the Health Survey of São Paulo (ISA-Capital) were analyzed for 2003 (n = 2398), 2008 (n = 1662) and 2015 (n = 1742) surveys...
June 7, 2018: International Journal for Equity in Health
Cássia Colla, Luciana L Paiva, Lia Ferla, Maria J B Trento, Isadora M P de Vargas, Bianca A Dos Santos, Charles F Ferreira, José G L Ramos
OBJECTIVE: To identify and assess postpartum pelvic floor dysfunction (PFD) between vaginal delivery, elective cesarean delivery (ECD), and intrapartum cesarean delivery (ICD). METHODS: The present prospective observational study included women aged at least 18 years with no history of pelvic surgery or lower urinary tract malformation, and who had not undergone pelvic floor muscle (PFM) training in the preceding 12 months, who underwent delivery at Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre (HCPA), Porto Alegre, Brazil between August 1, 2016, and May 31, 2017...
June 7, 2018: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
Osmar Soares da Silva, Elizane Melo de Almeida, Allan Henrique Félix de Melo, Tatiana Souza Porto
An extracellular serine protease from Aspergillus tamarii URM4634 was purified and characterized. The possibility of using Aspergillus tamarii URM4634 protease in detergent formulations and collagenolytic activity was investigated. The protease demonstrated excellent stability at pH range 7.0-11.0, the optimum being at pH 9.0. The enzyme was stable at 40 °C for 180 min, enhanced by Mg++ and Ca++ , but inhibited by Zn++ , and strongly inhibited by phenylmethylsulfonyl fluoride (PMSF), suggested as serine-protease...
June 2, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Rayane de Oliveira Pinto, Adriano Porto Peixoto, Ary Dos Santos Pinto, Antonio Richieri-Costa, Roseli Maria Zechi-Ceide, Terumi Okada Ozawa, Gisele da Silva Dalben
The Richieri-Costa-Pereira syndrome (RCPS) is an autosomal-recessive acrofacial dysostosis caused by mutations in EIF4A3, characterized by mandibular cleft comprising other craniofacial anomalies and limb defects such as cleft palate/Robin Sequence, microstomia, absence of mandibular central incisors, minor ear anomalies, clubfeet and first and 5 ray defects. The findings from this study are useful for better understanding the morphological consequences of disorders of EIF4A3, and having a better picture of the anatomic characteristics of the syndrome for a better therapeutic planning...
May 31, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Sofia Vilela, Milton Severo, Teresa Moreira, Elisabete Ramos, Carla Lopes
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to evaluate the performance of a short food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) to assess dietary intake at 4 and 7 years of age, against 3d food diaries (FD) and serum biomarkers, using two methods to convert the FFQ to daily intake in grams and nutrients (standard and z-score method). SUBJECTS/METHODS: The present analysis comprises data from 2482 4-year-old children and 3511 7-year-old children, from the birth cohort Generation XXI (Porto, Portugal)...
May 30, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Iuri Bastos Pereira, Mair Machado Medeiros de Oliveira, Priscila Brigolini Porfírio Ferreira, Roberta Pereira Coutinho, Lys Eiras Cameron, Isaura Setenta Porto
Objective To evaluate the morphology of hypodermic needle bevels after drug aspiration, and the perception of comfort caused by the change or not of needles between preparation and subcutaneous drug administration. Method Experimental research carried out in two moments. Initially, hypodermic needles were analyzed by scanning electron microscopy, and then a pilot trial was conducted with the participants, which indicated the level of comfort perceived at the time of needle bevel penetration during subcutaneous administration...
2018: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
Luciana Teixeira Fonseca, Denise C Senna, Gabriela Unchalo Eckert, Rita de Cássia Silveira, Renato Soibelmann Procianoy
PURPOSE: To evaluate the possible protective effect of breast milk against retinopathy of prematurity by comparing the amount of breast milk received by patients who developed retinopathy of prematurity and those who did not and to determine both the required minimum amount of breast milk and the time of life during which neonates need to receive breast milk for this effect to be significant. METHODS: Cohort study of newborns with a birth weight of <1500 g or gestational age of <32 weeks, or both, born between January 2011 and October 2014 and hospitalized within the first 24 h of life in the Hospital Criança Conceição Neonatal Intensive Care Unit in Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil...
April 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia
Osmar N Silva, William F Porto, Suzana M Ribeiro, Ingrid Batista, Octavio Luiz Franco
Since the early 19th century, it has been known that host-defense peptides (HDPs) have a crucial role in innate host defense. Subsequent work has demonstrated their role in adaptive immunity as well as their involvement in different inflammatory diseases, autoimmune diseases, and cancer. In addition to these multiple functional activities, several studies have shown that HDP accumulation might be correlated with various human diseases and, therefore, could be used as a biomarker of such diseases. Thus, research has aimed to validate the clinical use of HDPs for diagnosis, prognosis, and further treatment...
May 24, 2018: Drug Discovery Today
Marcelo Trombka, Marcelo Demarzo, Daniel Campos Bacas, Sonia Beira Antonio, Karen Cicuto, Vera Salvo, Felipe Cesar Almeida Claudino, Letícia Ribeiro, Michael Christopher, Javier Garcia-Campayo, Neusa Sica Rocha
BACKGROUND: Police officers experience a high degree of chronic stress. Policing ranks among the highest professions in terms of disease and accident rates. Mental health is particularly impacted, evidenced by elevated rates of burnout, anxiety and depression, and poorer quality of life than the general public. Mindfulness training has been shown to reduce stress, anxiety, burnout and promote quality of life in a variety of settings, although its efficacy in this context has yet to be systematically evaluated...
May 25, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
Bruno Gonçalves, Lucía Loureiro-Porto, José J Ramasco, David Sánchez
As global political preeminence gradually shifted from the United Kingdom to the United States, so did the capacity to culturally influence the rest of the world. In this work, we analyze how the world-wide varieties of written English are evolving. We study both the spatial and temporal variations of vocabulary and spelling of English using a large corpus of geolocated tweets and the Google Books datasets corresponding to books published in the US and the UK. The advantage of our approach is that we can address both standard written language (Google Books) and the more colloquial forms of microblogging messages (Twitter)...
2018: PloS One
Luiz Fernando F G de Assis, Flávio E A Horita, Edison P de Freitas, Jó Ueyama, João Porto de Albuquerque
The increasing number of sensors used in diverse applications has provided a massive number of continuous, unbounded, rapid data and requires the management of distinct protocols, interfaces and intermittent connections. As traditional sensor networks are error-prone and difficult to maintain, the study highlights the emerging role of "citizens as sensors" as a complementary data source to increase public awareness. To this end, an interoperable, reusable middleware for managing spatial, temporal, and thematic data using Sensor Web Enablement initiative services and a processing engine was designed, implemented, and deployed...
May 24, 2018: Sensors
Maiara Dos Santos Carneiro, Luciana de Souza Nunes, Simone Maria Martini De David, Claudia Fontoura Dias, Afonso Luís Barth, Gisela Unis
OBJECTIVE: The incidence of lung disease caused by nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) has been increasing worldwide. In Brazil, there are few studies about nontuberculous mycobacterial lung disease (NTMLD), and its prevalence is yet to be known. Our objective was to determine the specific etiology of the disease in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, as well as the frequency and diversity of NTM species in our sample of patients. METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis of the medical records of patients diagnosed with NTMLD treated in a referral center located in the city of Porto Alegre, Brazil, between 2003 and 2013...
April 2018: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
Nicole Geovana Dias, Diogo Costa, Joaquim Soares, Eleni Hatzidimitriadou, Elisabeth Ioannidi-Kapolou, Jutta Lindert, Örjan Sundin, Olga Toth, Henrique Barros, Silvia Fraga
Background: Social support may buffer the negative effects of violence on physical and mental health. Family medicine providers play an essential role in identifying the available social support and intervening in intimate partner violence (IPV). Objective: This study aimed at assessing the association between social support and the IPV victimization among adults from six European countries. Methods: This is a cross-sectional multi-centre study that included individuals from Athens (Greece), Budapest (Hungary), London (UK), Östersund (Sweden), Porto (Portugal) and Stuttgart (Germany)...
May 21, 2018: Family Practice
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