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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919152/-monitoring-plan-of-environmental-contaminants-in-sheep-milk-from-areas-next-to-an-italian-contaminated-site-named-%C3%A2-aree-industriali-di-porto-torres-e-discarica-di-calancoi%C3%A2-industrial-areas-of-porto-torres-and-landfill-of-calancoi-in-sardinia-region-southern
#1
Francesco Sgarangella, Giuseppe Bitti, Maria Caterina Suelzu, Pietro Desini, Patrizia Piras, Gianuario Fiori, Maurizio Cossu, Giannina Chessa
OBJECTIVES: to assess concentration levels of dioxins, PCBs, and chemical elements in sheep milk produced in areas close to the Italian contaminated site (CS) located in the North-West of Sardinia (Southern Italy), named «Aree industriali di Porto Torres e discarica di Calancoi» (i.e., industrial areas of Porto Torres and landfill of Calancoi). DESIGN: monitoring plan of environmental contaminants on zootechnical productions based on analysis of dioxins, PCBs, heavy metals (Cd, Hg, Pb), and other elements (As, Be, Cr, Ni, Tl , Zn) in sheep bulk milk...
November 2016: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917052/the-blowflies-of-the-madeira-archipelago-species-diversity-distribution-and-identification-diptera-calliphoridaes-l
#2
Catarina Prado E Castro, Krzysztof Szpila, Anabel Martínez-Sánchez, Rego, Isamberto Silva, Artur R M Serrano, Mário Boieiro
Knowledge on the taxonomic diversity and distribution of blowflies from the Madeira Archipelago is updated. New and interesting findings are reported for poorly studied islands and islets of this archipelago, together with a brief analysis of the diversity of Macaronesian Calliphoridae s. l. Seven blowfly species were collected during this study, including the first records of Calliphora vicina Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830, Chrysomya albiceps (Wiedemann, 1819), Lucilia sericata (Meigen, 1826), Pollenia rudis (Fabricius, 1794) and Stomorhina lunata (Fabricius, 1805) from Porto Santo, and of Calliphora vicina, Lucilia sericata and Stomorhina lunata from Desertas Islands...
2016: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914739/infection-by-mycobacterium-bovis-in-a-dog-from-brazil
#3
Vivianne Cambuí Figueiredo Rocha, Salomão Cambuí de Figueiredo, Cesar Alejandro Rodriguez Rosales, Camila Dias Porto, Julio Lopes Sequeira, José Soares Ferreira Neto, Antônio Carlos Paes, Vanessa Riesz Salgado
Tuberculosis (TB) is a chronic disease caused by bacteria belonging to the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MtbC). This disease rarely affects dogs. Canine infections are usually caused by M. tuberculosis. Mycobacterium bovis infections are rare in dogs and associated with consumption of raw milk or contaminated products. Here, we report a Boxer dog who had a M. bovis infection and was admitted to a Brazilian veterinary hospital with a presumptive diagnosis of chronic ehrlichiosis. Despite receiving treatment for chronic ehrlichiosis, it progressed to death...
October 3, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Microbiology: [publication of the Brazilian Society for Microbiology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913628/kinect-system-in-home-based-cardiovascular-rehabilitation
#4
Ágata Vieira, Joaquim Gabriel, Cristina Melo, Jorge Machado
Cardiovascular diseases lead to a high consumption of financial resources. An important part of the recovery process is the cardiovascular rehabilitation. This study aimed to present a new cardiovascular rehabilitation system to 11 outpatients with coronary artery disease from a Hospital in Porto, Portugal, later collecting their opinions. This system is based on a virtual reality game system, using the Kinect sensor while performing an exercise protocol which is integrated in a home-based cardiovascular rehabilitation programme, with a duration of 6 months and at the maintenance phase...
December 1, 2016: Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Part H, Journal of Engineering in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908552/weight-following-birth-and-childhood-dietary-intake-a%C3%A2-prospective-cohort-study
#5
Maria João Fonseca, Catarina Durão, Carla Lopes, Ana Cristina Santos
OBJECTIVES: Unhealthy childhood dietary habits track through life and are independent and modifiable risk factors for disease. Therefore, it is essential to understand the factors involved. We aimed to evaluate the associations of birthweight (BW) and newborn weight change (NWC) during the first 96 h of life and childhood longitudinal weight trajectories with dietary intake at age 4. METHODS: As part of the Generation XXI birth cohort (G21), children were recruited in 2005 and 2006 at all public units providing obstetrical and neonatal care in Porto, Portugal...
January 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905980/temporal-evolution-of-the-risk-factors-associated-with-low-birth-weight-rates-in-brazilian-capitals-1996-2011
#6
Viviane Costa de Souza Buriol, Vânia Hirakata, Marcelo Zubaran Goldani, Clécio Homrich da Silva
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the trend of low birth weight (LBW) and its determinants in Brazilian state capitals between 1996 and 2011. We intended to determine which variables are associated with LBW during the period studied. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study that used data from the National Information System of Live Births from 26 state capitals and Brasilia (the federal capital), divided into five geographical regions. The Average Annual Percentage of Change (AAPC) was used to assess the possible time trend in the low birth weight rates for considering all regions together and each region separately, according to each variable, and the Poisson regression was calculated in order to demonstrate time trends in low birth weight and the impact of variables (age and educational maternal level, antenatal visits, type of delivery, and gestational age) during the period...
May 3, 2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900476/antarctomyces-pellizariae-sp-nov-a-new-endemic-blue-snow-resident-psychrophilic-ascomycete-fungus-from-antarctica
#7
Graciéle C A de Menezes, Valéria M Godinho, Bárbara A Porto, Vívian N Gonçalves, Luiz H Rosa
In the present study, we have identified and characterised a new snow resident ascomycete blue stain fungus from Antarctica named Antarctomyces pellizariae sp. nov. Menezes, Godinho, Porto, Gonçalves and Rosa, using polyphasic taxonomy techniques. This fungal species was recovered from the seasonal snow of the Antarctic Peninsula. Antarctomyces pellizariae displayed different macro- and micromorphology when compared with A. psychrotrophicus Stchigel and Guarro, the only other Antarctomyces species reported until date...
November 30, 2016: Extremophiles: Life Under Extreme Conditions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898914/postprandial-portal-fluxes-of-essential-amino-acids-volatile-fatty-acids-and-urea-nitrogen-in-growing-pigs-fed-a-high-fiber-diet-supplemented-with-a-multi-enzyme-cocktail
#8
A K Agyekum, E Kiarie, M C Walsh, C M Nyachoti
The present study investigated the effects of adding a multi-enzyme cocktail (MC) to a high-fiber diet on net portal-drained viscera (PDV) fluxes of essential AA (EAA), volatile fatty acids (VFA), and blood urea-N (BUN) in growing pigs. Five female pigs (22.8 ± 1.6 kg BW), with catheters in the portal vein, ileal vein, and carotid artery, were fed 3 isocaloric-nitrogenous diets at 4% of their BW once daily at 0900 h for 7 d in a replicated 3 × 3 Latin square design. The diets contained corn and soybean meal with 0% (control) or 30% distillers' dried grains with solubles (DDGS; HF) produced from a 1:1 mixture of wheat and corn...
September 2016: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884494/consensus-conference-on-tips-management-techniques-indications-contraindications
#9
Stefano Fagiuoli, Raffaele Bruno, Wilma Debernardi Venon, Filippo Schepis, Francesco Vizzutti, Pierluigi Toniutto, Marco Senzolo, Paolo Caraceni, Francesco Salerno, Paolo Angeli, Roberto Cioni, Alessandro Vitale, Maurizio Grosso, Andrea De Gasperi, Gennaro D'Amico, Alfredo Marzano
The trans jugular intrahepatic Porto systemic shunt (TIPS) is no longer viewed as a salvage therapy or a bridge to liver transplantation and is currently indicated for a number of conditions related to portal hypertension with positive results in survival. Moreover, the availability of self-expandable polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE)-covered endoprostheses has dramatically improved the long-term patency of TIPS. However, since the last updated International guidelines have been published (year 2009) new evidence have come, which have open the field to new indications and solved areas of uncertainty...
October 29, 2016: Digestive and Liver Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881059/natural-products-with-antiplatelet-action
#10
Gabriela Elisa Hirsch, Paulo Ricardo Nazário Viecili, Amanda Spring de Almeida, Sabrina Nascimento, Fernando Garcez Porto, Juliana Otero, Aline Schmidt, Brenda da Silva, Mariana Migliorini Parisi, Jonatas Zeni Klafke
BACKGROUND: Complex hemostatic mechanisms are involved in the pathophysiology of various diseases, including cardiovascular diseases. Among them, dysregulation of platelet activity is linked to the progression of atherosclerosis and mainly involves platelet aggregation and a decrease in blood flow in the vascular endothelium. The major platelet activation pathways mediated by agonists involve the arachidonic acid pathway, adenosine diphosphate pathway, serotonin pathway, nitric oxide pathway, and action of free radicals on molecules involved in platelet aggregation...
November 23, 2016: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879002/a-study-of-culicoides-in-rond%C3%A3-nia-in-the-brazilian-amazon-species-composition-relative-abundance-and-potential-vectors
#11
L P C Carvalho, A M Pereira Júnior, E S Farias, J F Almeida, M S Rodrigues, F Resadore, F A C Pessoa, J F Medeiros
There is very little information available about Culicoides species (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) in the western Brazilian Amazon. However, studies of the fauna of this region are essential to knowledge of the species and potential vectors within it. Thus, the present study aims to evaluate the abundance, richness and composition of Culicoides species in rural areas in the state of Rondônia, Brazil. Culicoides specimens were collected in forest and pasture environments in the municipality of Porto Velho, using light traps...
November 23, 2016: Medical and Veterinary Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869983/microcephaly-in-brazil-prevalence-and-characterization-of-cases-from-the-information-system-on-live-births-sinasc-2000-2015
#12
Fatima Marinho, Valdelaine Etelvina Miranda de Araújo, Denise Lopes Porto, Helena Luna Ferreira, Marta Roberta Santana Coelho, Roberto Carlos Reyes Lecca, Helio de Oliveira, Ivana Pereira de Almeida Poncioni, Maria Helian Nunes Maranhão, Yluska Myrna Meneses Brandão E Mendes, Roberto Men Fernandes, Raquel Barbosa de Lima, Dácio de Lyra Rabello
OBJECTIVE: to describe the prevalence coefficients and characterize cases of microcephaly at birth in Brazil from 2000-2015. METHODS: this is a descriptive study with data from the Information System on Live Births (Sinasc). The coefficients were calculated by region and characteristics of mothers and live births (LB). RESULTS: the annual average number of microcephaly cases was 164 for the period 2000-2014, whilst in 2015, 1,608 cases were registered (54...
October 2016: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869971/time-trend-of-lack-of-access-to-health-services-in-brazil-1998-2013
#13
Bruno Pereira Nunes, Thaynã Ramos Flores, Leila Posenato Garcia, Alexandre Dias Porto Chiavegatto, Elaine Thumé, Luiz Augusto Facchini
OBJECTIVE: to analyze the time trend on the demand and lack of access to public health services in Brazil. METHODS: this is a panel of cross-sectional studies with data of the National Household Sample Survey (1998, 2003, 2008) and the National Health Survey (2013); the prevalence of demand and lack of access within the fifteen days prior to the survey was estimated; Poisson regression was used for trend analysis. RESULTS: the demand for health services increased from 13...
October 2016: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869919/aids-mortality-trends-according-to-sociodemographic-characteristics-in-rio-grande-do-sul-state-and-porto-alegre-city-brazil-2000-2011
#14
Ana Paula da Cunha, Marly Marques da Cruz, Raquel Maria Cardoso Torres
OBJECTIVE: to analyze AIDS mortality trends in Rio Grande do Sul State (RS) and Porto Alegre City (POA) according to sociodemographic characteristics in the period 2000-2011. METHODS: this was an ecological time series study of AIDS mortality rates; Prais-Winsten regression model was used. RESULTS: the standardized mortality AIDS rate showed a stationary trend in RS (1.3%; 95%CI: -0..;6.7) and in POA (-0.3%; 95%CI: -5.1;3.9); there was an increasing trend in the following categories: women in RS (4...
July 2016: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858177/age-of-onset-influences-on-clinical-and-laboratory-profile-of-patients-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#15
Rafael Hennemann Sassi, Jordana Vaz Hendler, Giovana Fagundes Piccoli, Andrese Aline Gasparin, Rafael Mendonça da Silva Chakr, João Carlos Tavares Brenol, Odirlei André Monticielo
The present study aims to evaluate differences in clinical and laboratory manifestations and medication use in the different ages of disease onset in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). This cross-sectional study consisted of 598 SLE patients (550 female and 48 male), who attended the Rheumatology Clinic of the Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre between 2003 and 2015. Demographic, clinical and laboratory data were collected. The patients were classified into three groups according to their ages at disease diagnosis...
November 17, 2016: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849159/how-does-reproductive-strategy-influence-demography-a-case-study-in-the-tropical-unisexual-epiphyllous-moss-crossomitrium-patrisiae
#16
Lisi D P Alvarenga, Kátia C Pôrto, Maria L P Coelho, Charles E Zartman
PREMISE OF THE STUDY: Leaf-inhabiting organisms offer an experimentally tractable model system within which to investigate the influence of alternative reproductive strategies on plant metapopulation dynamics. We conducted a field study to determine whether (1) threshold colony sizes exist for the onset of sexual and asexual expression, and (2) alternative reproductive strategies differentially influence within-patch dynamics of the tropical pleurocarpous moss Crossomitrium patrisiae...
November 14, 2016: American Journal of Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846831/non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-nafld-in-obese-children-effect-of-refined-carbohydrates-in-diet
#17
Deise Rosa Félix, Fabiola Costenaro, Catarina Bertaso Andreatta Gottschall, Gabriela Perdomo Coral
BACKGROUND: The incidence of childhood obesity has increased progressively and, associated with this, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has often been diagnosed in this age group. To determine the risk factors associated with NAFLD in obese children, with special emphasis on diet. METHODS: A prospective cross-sectional study was conducted with obese children referred to the endocrinology outpatient clinic. Questions about dietary habits and physical activity were applied...
November 15, 2016: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846066/prevalence-and-patterns-of-marijuana-use-in-young-adults-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#18
Uma Padhye Phatak, Danilo Rojas-Velasquez, Anthony Porto, Dinesh S Pashankar
OBJECTIVES: Recent studies in adults report symptom relief with marijuana use in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). We assessed the prevalence, pattern, effects and adverse effects of marijuana use in young adults with IBD. METHODS: We conducted a prospective questionnaire survey study at a pediatric IBD clinic. All patients (18 to 21 years of age) answered anonymous questionnaires about demographics, IBD, medications and marijuana use. RESULTS: Fifty-three patients (Mean age 18...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828589/falls-problematization-and-risk-factors-identification-through-older-adults-narrative
#19
Patricia Morsch, Mauro Myskiw, Jociane de Carvalho Myskiw
Falling is an important event for older adults as they might cause physical and psychological impairment, institutionalization and increased mortality risk. Adherence in falls prevention programs depends on older adults' perceptions in relation to falling. The current study aims to investigate the fall problematization and older adults' perception about the risk factors for falls. This is an exploratory qualitative research, conducted through content analysis approach. The sample consisted of older adults aged 60 years and older who participate in community groups in Porto Alegre (Brazil), and professors from two local universities...
November 2016: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828572/-the-association-between-common-mental-disorders-and-subjective-health-conditions-among-the-elderly
#20
Andréa Maria Eleutério de Barros Lima Martins, Jairo Evangelista Nascimento, João Gabriel Silva Souza, Maria Aparecida Barbosa de Sá, Sara de Barros Lima Feres, Bruno Porto Soares, Efigenia Ferreira E Ferreira
The scope of this study was to evaluate the association between the presence of common mental disorders and the impairment of subjective health conditions among the elderly. It involved a cross-sectional analytical survey conducted among all the elderly residents in the urban area of a Brazilian municipality with low population density. Mental disorders were evaluated using the short version of the Goldberg General Health questionnaire. Subjective and normative health conditions were evaluated and logistic regression was applied (OR/CI95%) with a 5% significance level...
November 2016: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
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