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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099665/adherence-to-dietary-recommendations-for-preschoolers-clinical-trial-with-teenage-mothers
#1
Betina Soldateli, Alvaro Vigo, Elsa Regina Justo Giugliani
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of educational dietary intervention offered in the child's first year of life, as well as teenage mothers and grandmothers in carrying out the dietary recommendations at four to seven years. METHODS: Randomized clinical trial initiated in 2006, in Porto Alegre, RS, involving 323 teenage mothers and grandmothers who cohabited. The intervention consisted of six counseling sessions on breastfeeding and healthy complementary feeding. The first session occurred in the maternity ward and the other ones in the households of mothers at seven, 15, 30, 60, and 120 days of the child's life...
December 22, 2016: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099659/factors-associated-with-the-use-of-antihypertensives-among-seniors
#2
Kaio Henrique Correa Massa, José Leopoldo Ferreira Antunes, Maria Lúcia Lebrão, Yeda Aparecida Oliveira Duarte, Alexandre Dias Porto Chiavegatto
OBJECTIVE: Analyze the use of antihypertensives among seniors and the association with socioeconomic and behavioral characteristics. METHODS: In this seriate cross-sectional study, we used data from the Saúde, Bem Estar e Envelhecimento study (SABE - Health, Well-being, and Aging), conducted in 2000, 2006, and 2010 in the city of São Paulo. Association between the use of antihypertensives and the demographic, behavioral, and socioeconomic characteristics and risk factors was analyzed by using multilevel logistic regression models...
December 22, 2016: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099630/the-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-bdnf-gene-val66met-polymorphism-affects-memory-performance-in-older-adults
#3
Lucas A de Azeredo, Tatiana De Nardi, Mateus L Levandowski, Saulo G Tractenberg, Julia Kommers-Molina, Andrea Wieck, Tatiana Q Irigaray, Irênio G da Silva, Rodrigo Grassi-Oliveira
Objective: Memory impairment is an important contributor to the reduction in quality of life experienced by older adults, and genetic risk factors seem to contribute to variance in age-related cognitive decline. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is an important nerve growth factor linked with development and neural plasticity. The Val66Met polymorphism in the BDNF gene has been associated with impaired episodic memory in adults, but whether this functional variant plays a role in cognitive aging remains unclear...
January 12, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076642/activity-rest-rhythm-of-depressed-adolescents-undergoing-therapy-case-studies
#4
Maria Eugênia Mesquita, Maria Eliza Finazzi, Bruno Gonçalves, Lee Fu-I, Leandro L Duarte, José Ricardo Lopes, José Alberto Del-Porto, Luiz Menna-Barreto
Introduction: Disorders of circadian rhythms have been reported in studies of both depressed children and of depressed adolescents. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether there is a relationship between the 24-hour spectral power (24h SP) of the activity/rest rhythm and the clinical course of depression in adolescents. Methods: Six 14 to 17-year-old adolescents were recruited for the study. They were all suffering from major depressive disorder, according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition (DSM-IV) criteria, as identified by the Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School Aged Children: Present and Lifetime Version (K-SADS-PL)...
October 2016: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076543/oral-health-in-the-children-s-preventive-health-care-initiative-indicators-and-goals-in-a-primary-health-care-service
#5
Anna Schwendler, Daniel Demétrio Faustino-Silva, Cristianne Famer Rocha
The objective of this study is to assess fulfillment of the oral health goals of the Children's Preventive Health Care Initiative in 12 Health Units (HU) of a Primary Health Care Service, in Porto Alegre, in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, through a cross-sectional analytical study on the annual dental visit coverage in early childhood. The study was comprised of 660 children born in 2010. In relation to the coverage of dental visits for each year of life of children, the health units did not achieve the set targets (100%)...
January 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076536/-quality-of-life-of-family-caregivers-of-adults-with-spinal-cord-injury-a-systematic-review
#6
Cejane Oliveira Martins Prudente, Maysa Ferreira Martins Ribeiro, Celmo Celeno Porto
The scope of this study was to analyze the quality of life of family caregivers of adults with spinal cord injury. Two researchers conducted a systematic review independently, based on articles published between 2000 to 2014, using the key words quality of life and caregivers or family and spinal cord, in Portuguese, English and Spanish. The search was conducted in the Virtual Health Library (BVS) and the United States National Library of Medicine (PubMED) databases. Caregivers of tetraplegics have a worse quality of life than caregivers of paraplegics...
January 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073126/brown-and-white-adipose-tissue-expression-of-il6-ucp1-and-sirt1-are-associated-with-alterations-in-clinical-metabolic-and-anthropometric-parameters-in-obese-humans
#7
Antônio Sérgio Barcala Jorge, Gislaine Candida Batista Jorge, Alanna Fernandes Paraíso, Raíssa M Porto Franco, Lara Jhullian Tolentino Vieira, Aline Mourão Hilzenderger, André Luiz Sena Guimarães, João Marcus Oliveira Andrade, Alfredo M Batista De-Paula, Sergio Henrique S Santos
Aim: The present study aimed to analyze the expression of IL6, UCP1 and SIRT1 in adipose tissue (WAT and BAT) in association to clinical, metabolic and anthropometric parameters in obese humans. Methods: WAT and BAT samples from obese patients (n=27) were collected. IL6, UCP1 and SIRT1 markers were measured by qRT-PCR. The association between IL6, UCP1 and SIRT1 mRNA expression and anthropometric and clinical parameters were evaluated, using appropriate statistical tests. Results: Our results demonstrated that high levels of IL6 are associated with altered glucose levels in the WAT (p=0...
January 10, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060687/adult-acne-prevalence-and-portrayal-in-primary-healthcare-patients-in-the-greater-porto-area-portugal
#8
Diogo Semedo, Filipa Ladeiro, Mariana Ruivo, Carlos D'Oliveira, Filipa De Sousa, Mariana Gayo, Clara Lima, Frederico Magalhães, Rui Brandão, Maria Branco, Isabel Da Silva, Joana Batista, João Amado, António Massa, João Neves-Amado
INTRODUCTION: Though typically found in adolescents, acne frequently affects the adult population. In Portugal, no representative studies about acne prevalence in greater populational areas are known. This study had the following objectives: calculate acne prevalence in primary healthcare patients; its characteristics, including risk factors for onset and worsening; collect information concerning selfmedication and/or prescribed treatment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Application of a questionnaire and physical examination into a convenience sample, composed by adults from20 - 60 years old that visited, in random days, five primary healthcare centers of the Greater Porto area...
September 2016: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039590/ten-years-of-ipsc-clinical-potential-and-advances-in-vitro-hematopoietic-differentiation
#9
REVIEW
Bárbara Cristina Martins Fernandes Paes, Pablo Diego Moço, Cristiano Gonçalves Pereira, Geciane Silveira Porto, Elisa Maria de Sousa Russo, Luiza Cunha Junqueira Reis, Dimas Tadeu Covas, Virginia Picanço-Castro
Ten years have passed since the first publication announcing the generation of induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs). Issues related to ethics, immune rejection, and cell availability seemed to be solved following this breakthrough. The development of iPSC technology allows advances in in vitro cell differentiation for cell therapy purpose and other clinical applications. This review provides a perspective on the iPSC potential for cell therapies, particularly for hematological applications. We discuss the advances in in vitro hematopoietic differentiation, the possibilities to employ iPSC in hematology studies, and their potential clinical application in hematologic diseases...
December 30, 2016: Cell Biology and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038330/the-effects-of-a-simultaneous-cognitive-or-motor-task-on-the-kinematics-of-walking-in-older-fallers-and-non-fallers
#10
Renato Campos Freire Júnior, Jaqueline Mello Porto, Nise Ribeiro Marques, Paola Errera Magnani, Daniela Cristina Carvalho de Abreu
Human gait has been widely investigated under dual-task conditions because it has been demonstrated to be an important way to uncover differences in gait biomechanics between older fallers and non-fallers. However, exactly how simultaneous tasks affect the kinematics of walking remains unclear. In the present study, gait kinematic properties of older fallers and non-fallers were compared under cognitive and motor dual-task conditions. The gait kinematic properties of interest were recorded under three different conditions: walking at preferred speed, walking when performing a cognitive task (naming animals), and walking when performing a motor task (transferring a coin from one pocket to the other)...
December 27, 2016: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028797/glut1-mct1-4-and-cd147-overexpression-supports-the-metabolic-reprogramming-in-papillary-renal-cell-carcinoma
#11
L M C A Almeida, R Silva, B Cavadas, J Lima, L Pereira, P Soares, M Sobrinho-Simões, J M Lopes, V Máximo
Papillary Renal Cell carcinoma (pRCC) is the second most common type of RCC, accounting for about 15% of all RCCs. Surgical excision is the main treatment option. Still, 10 - 15 % of clinically localized tumours will recur and/or develop metastasis early after surgery, and no reliable prognostic biomarkers are available to identify them. It is known that pRCC cells rely on high rates of aerobic glycolysis, characterized by the up-regulation of many proteins and enzymes related with the glycolytic pathway. However, a metabolic signature enabling the identification of advanced pRCC tumours remains to be discovered...
December 28, 2016: Histology and Histopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028679/hfe-variants-and-the-expression-of-iron-related-proteins-in-breast-cancer-associated-lymphocytes-and-macrophages
#12
Oriana Marques, Ana Rosa, Luciana Leite, Paula Faustino, Alexandra Rêma, Berta Martins da Silva, Graça Porto, Carlos Lopes
The association of HFE (High Iron FE) major variants with breast cancer risk and behavior has been a matter of discussion for a long time. However, their impact on the expression of iron-related proteins in the breast cancer tissue has never been addressed. In the present study, hepcidin, ferroportin 1, transferrin receptor 1 (TfR1), and ferritin expressions, as well as tissue iron deposition were evaluated in a collection of samples from breast cancers patients and analyzed according to the patients' HFE genotype...
December 27, 2016: Cancer Microenvironment: Official Journal of the International Cancer Microenvironment Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028320/protein-intake-and-dietary-glycemic-load-of-4-year-olds-and-association-with-adiposity-and-serum-insulin-at-7-years-of-age-sex-nutrient-and-nutrient-nutrient-interactions
#13
C Durão, A Oliveira, A C Santos, M Severo, A Guerra, H Barros, C Lopes
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The role of Protein Intake (PI) at preschool age on later adiposity is understudied, and prospective studies also examining Dietary Glycemic Load (GL) are lacking. The current study evaluated the association of PI and GL at 4 years with adiposity and Fasting Serum Insulin (FSI) 3 years later, and examined the possible interaction between PI and GL on these associations, by sex. DESIGN: This prospective study included 1 999 singleton children enrolled in the population-based birth cohort, Generation XXI (Porto-Portugal, 2005-2006)...
December 28, 2016: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024977/external-ventricular-drain-related-infection-in-spontaneous-intracerebral-hemorrhage
#14
Samir Cezimbra Dos Santos, Telmo Tiburcio Fortes Lima, Luciano Werle Lunardi, Marco Antonio Stefani
OBJECTIVE: To analyze infection rates in a series of patients with spontaneous intracranial hemorrhage who underwent surgical external ventricular drain (EVD) placement. METHODS: This prospective study included patients who required EVD for spontaneous intracranial hemorrhage at the Neurosurgery Department of Hospital Cristo Redentor (HCR), Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Overall, 94 consecutive patients were included. RESULTS: The mean duration of EVD use was 7 days...
December 23, 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013285/not-all-plaque-ruptures-are-born-equal-an-optical-coherence-tomography-study
#15
Giancarla Scalone, Giampaolo Niccoli, Hesham Refaat, Rocco Vergallo, Italo Porto, Antonio Maria Leone, Francesco Burzotta, Domenico D'Amario, Giovanna Liuzzo, Francesco Fracassi, Carlo Trani, Filippo Crea
AIMS: Plaque rupture (PR) represents the most common substrate of coronary thrombosis, in at least 50% of cases. Chronic low grade inflammation is a common background for atherosclerosis development; however, increased plaque inflammation may predispose by itself to PR. In the last decade, studies performed by optical coherence tomography (OCT) have allowed to establish the severity of plaque inflammation by assessing macrophage infiltration (MØI). Our retrospective study aimed at assessing the role of plaque inflammation in PR among patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) using OCT...
December 24, 2016: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001221/number-of-leprosy-reactions-during-treatment-clinical-correlations-and-laboratory-diagnosis
#16
Douglas Eulálio Antunes, Gabriela Porto Ferreira, Mariana Vitorino Candeiro Nicchio, Sergio Araujo, Ana Carolina Rodrigues da Cunha, Rafaela Resende Gomes, Adeilson Viera da Costa, Isabela Maria Bernardes Goulart
INTRODUCTION: The occurrence of leprosy reactions, a common event during treatment, may be mostly related to the action of multidrug therapy on Mycobacterium leprae. The clinical and laboratory monitoring of patients with reactions is important, since collecting data that assists in predicting the risk of reactions may help to prevent disability. METHODS: This was a sectional study, in order to correlate clinical and laboratory diagnosis with the number of reactions during treatment...
November 2016: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001215/in-vitro-evaluation-of-the-effect-of-botanical-formulations-used-in-the-control-of-aedes-aegypti-l-diptera-culicidae-on-liver-enzymes
#17
Karla Rejane de Andrade Porto, Priscilla Rezende Motti, Alexandre Alves Machado, Antonia Railda Roel
INTRODUCTION: Dengue fever is a viral disease transmitted by the Aedes aegypti Linn. (1792) (Diptera: Culicidae) mosquito, which is endemic in several regions of Brazil. Alternative methods for the control of the vector include botanical insecticides, which offer advantages such as lower environmental contamination levels and less likelihood of resistant populations. Thus, in this study, the ability of botanical insecticide formulations to inhibit the activity of the liver enzymes serum cholinesterase and malate dehydrogenase was evaluated...
November 2016: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987064/usefulness-of-combining-admission-brain-natriuretic-peptide-bnp-plus-hospital-discharge-bioelectrical-impedance-vector-analysis-biva-in-predicting-90%C3%A2-days-cardiovascular-mortality-in-patients-with-acute-heart-failure
#18
Simona Santarelli, Veronica Russo, Irene Lalle, Benedetta De Berardinis, Silvia Navarin, Laura Magrini, Antonio Piccoli, Marta Codognotto, Luigi Maria Castello, Gian Carlo Avanzi, Humberto Villacorta, Bernardo Luiz Campanário Precht, Pilar Barreto de Araújo Porto, Aline Sterque Villacorta, Salvatore Di Somma
Heart failure is a disease characterized by high prevalence and mortality, and frequent rehospitalizations. The aim of this study is to investigate the prognostic power of combining brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) and congestion status detected by bioelectrical impedance vector analysis (BIVA) in acute heart failure patients. This is an observational, prospective, and a multicentre study. BNP assessment was measured upon hospital arrival, while BIVA analysis was obtained at the time of discharge. Cardiovascular deaths were evaluated at 90 days by a follow up phone call...
December 16, 2016: Internal and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982373/prevalence-of-self-medication-in-brazil-and-associated-factors
#19
Paulo Sérgio Dourado Arrais, Maria Eneida Porto Fernandes, Tatiane da Silva Dal Pizzol, Luiz Roberto Ramos, Sotero Serrate Mengue, Vera Lucia Luiza, Noemia Urruth Leão Tavares, Mareni Rocha Farias, Maria Auxiliadora Oliveira, Andréa Dâmaso Bertoldi
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the prevalence and associated factors regarding the use of medicines by self-medication in Brazil. METHODS: This cross-sectional population-based study was conducted using data from the PNAUM (National Survey on Access, Use and Promotion of Rational Use of Medicines), collected between September 2013 and February 2014 by interviews at the homes of the respondents. All people who reported using any medicines not prescribed by a doctor or dentist were classified as self-medication practitioners...
December 2016: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982334/modified-technique-for-preparation-of-venous-circulation-resin-casts-in-the-cirrhotic-liver
#20
José Olímpio Maia DE Vasconcelos, Laécio Leitão Batista, Guilherme Benjamin Brandão Pitta, Cláudio Moura Lacerda
This study describes two major adaptations for the preparation of resin casts in human cirrhotic liver, harvested at the time of transplantation. The first is the way of fixing the catheter in the ostia of the hepatic and portal veins through a cerclage, so as to prevent displacement of the catheter and / or leakage of the resin during its injection. The second is the extension of corrosion time in the NaOH solution, averaging 6.8 days, with daily replacement the solution until complete removal of parenchymal tissue...
September 2016: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
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