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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631148/early-postoperative-imaging-after-non-bariatric-gastric-resection-a-primer-for-radiologists
#1
REVIEW
Massimo Tonolini, Elena Bracchi
Surgical resection represents the mainstay treatment and only potentially curative option for gastric carcinoma, and is increasingly performed laparoscopically. Furthermore, other tumours and selected cases of non-malignant disorders of the stomach may require partial or total gastrectomy. Often performed in elderly patients, gastric resection remains a challenging procedure, with significant morbidity (14-43% complication rate) and non-negligible postoperative mortality (approximately 3%). This paper provides an overview of contemporary surgical techniques for non-bariatric gastric resection, reviews and illustrates the expected postoperative imaging appearances, common and unusual complications after partial and total gastrectomy...
June 19, 2017: Insights Into Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631134/budd-chiari-syndrome-outcomes-of-endovascular-intervention-a-single-center-experience
#2
Nitin Jagtap, Mithun Sharma, Jagdeesh Singh, Manu Tandan, P N Rao, Rajesh Gupta, Sundeep Lakhtakia, Mohan Ramchandani, Harshal Shah, T Mahesh Kumar, Santosh Darishetty, G V Rao, D N Reddy
AIM: Outcomes of endovascular intervention in Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS) have been reported with varied results. Clinical outcomes of endovascular interventions in BCS and role of various prognostic scores were critically evaluated in this study. METHODS: This study retrospectively analyzed consecutive patients of BCS who underwent endovascular intervention between January 2007 and May 2016 at our center. Technical, clinical successes and complications were documented...
June 20, 2017: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629028/physicochemical-and-biological-assessment-of-peek-composites-embedding-natural-amorphous-silica-fibers-for-biomedical-applications
#3
Patrícia R Monich, Fernanda V Berti, Luismar M Porto, Bruno Henriques, Antonio P Novaes de Oliveira, Márcio C Fredel, Júlio C M Souza
The main aim of this study was to assess the physicochemical and biological properties of a novel poly(ether ether ketone) (PEEK) composite containing 30%wt natural amorphous silica fibers (NASF). PEEK and NASF powders were previously functionalized by atomization and citric acid in order to enhance adhesion between polymeric matrix and fillers. Then, composites were produced by cold compression molding technique at 350°C for 3h. Materials were characterized by chemical, microstructural, thermophysical, mechanical and cytotoxic analysis...
October 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624933/influence-of-food-consumption-patterns-and-galician-lifestyle-on-human-gut-microbiota
#4
María Castro-Penalonga, Paula Roca-Saavedra, Jose Manuel Miranda, Jose Julio Porto-Arias, Carolina Nebot, Alejandra Cardelle-Cobas, Carlos Manuel Franco, Alberto Cepeda
The proportion of different microbial populations in the human gut is an important factor that in recent years has been linked to obesity and numerous metabolic diseases. Because there are many factors that can affect the composition of human gut microbiota, it is of interest to have information about what is the composition of the gut microbiota in different populations in order to better understand the possibilities for improving nutritional management. A group of 31 volunteers were selected according to established inclusion and exclusion criteria and were asked about their diet history, lifestyle patterns, and adherence to the Southern European Atlantic Diet...
June 17, 2017: Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623670/feasibility-and-safety-of-right-and-left-heart-catheterization-via-an-antecubital-fossa-vein-and-the-radial-artery-in-patients-with-heart-failure
#5
Domenico D'Amario, Francesco Burzotta, Antonio M Leone, Italo Porto, Giampaolo Niccoli, Cristina Aurigemma, Aureliano Ruggio, Josip A Borovac, Massimo Massetti, Carlo Trani, Filippo Crea
OBJECTIVES: Heart failure is the leading cause of hospitalization among patients older than 65 years of age. A significant proportion of patients require heart catheterization for diagnostic, therapeutic, and prognostic purposes. To determine the feasibility and safety of full arm-arm catheterization access, we aimed to compare this approach with other established catheterization approaches. METHODS AND RESULTS: In this retrospective cohort study, a total of 493 consecutive patients with heart failure requiring right and left heart catheterization were studied and analyzed...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623401/biomarkers-in-the-assessment-of-oral-mucositis-in-head-and-neck-cancer-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
Ana Gabriela Costa Normando, Camila Lopes Rocha, Isabela Porto de Toledo, Paulo Tadeu de Souza Figueiredo, Paula Elaine Diniz Dos Reis, Graziela De Luca Canto, Eliete Neves Silva Guerra
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the capability of biomarkers to predict the risk of oral mucositis in head and neck cancer patients, as well as to assess the correlation between these biomarkers and the severity of mucositis. METHODS: The search was performed at LILACS, PubMed, Science Direct, Scopus, and Web of Science. A search of the gray literature was performed on Google Scholar, OpenGrey, and ProQuest. The methodological quality of the included studies was assessed using the Meta-Analysis of Statistics Assessment and Review Instrument (MAStARI) tool, and the evidence quality was assessed by the Grading of Recommendation, Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) system...
June 16, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621833/multiple-external-cervical-root-resorptions-after-home-bleaching-treatment-with-22-carbamide-peroxide
#7
Glauco Rodrigues Velloso, Marcos Motta de Freitas, Adriana Terezinha Neves Novellino Alves, Alan Roger Santos Silva, Eliane Dos Santos Porto Barboza, Vittorio Moraschini
Invasive multiple cervical root resorptions after vital tooth bleaching is a rare condition. The aim of this article is to present a case of multiple external cervical root resorptions (ECRR) after a misguided home whitening treatment. A 34-year-old male patient presented with slight sensitivity and mobility in several teeth. Despite the manufacturer's recommendations, the patient used a 22% carbamide peroxide-based tooth bleaching gel at home for 4 consecutive days, at night, on the upper and lower arches...
June 16, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616388/unusual-haemodynamics-in-two-dogs-and-two-cats-with-portosystemic-shunt-implications-for-distinguishing-between-congenital-and-acquired-conditions
#8
Mario Ricciardi
Extrahepatic porto-systemic shunt (PSS) in small animals can be congenital (CPSS) or acquired (APSS) as a consequence of portal hypertension (PH), and are distinguished on the bases of their anatomical pattern. A precise morphologic imaging assessment, along with clinical and histopathologic findings, is important for distinguishing patients with PH from those with congenital PSSs, which require different therapeutic approach. Expected findings in patients with PH are presence of ascites, multiple APSS, and a confirmed cause of portal flow obstruction...
2017: Open veterinary journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612224/extrahepatic-portal-venous-obstruction-what-should-be-the-mainstay-of-treatment
#9
Richa Lal, Moinak Sen Sarma, Manish K Gupta
The two cornerstones of management for Extrahepatic portal vein obstruction (EHPVO) are endotherapy and surgery [Porto-systemic shunts (PSS)/Mesorex bypass (MRB)]. Endotherapy is the mainstay of treatment for acute variceal bleed control and has also been used extensively for secondary prophylaxis till variceal eradication is achieved. However, long-term follow-up beyond endoscopic eradication of esophageal varices (EEEV) indicates that there are numerous delayed bleed and non bleed sequelae of EHPVO, which merit surgery as a definitive procedure to decompress the hypertensive portal venous system...
June 14, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611787/lack-of-diuretic-efficiency-but-not-low-diuresis-early-in-an-acutely-decompensated-heart-failure-episode-is-associated-with-increased-180-day-mortality
#10
João Pedro Ferreira, Nicolas Girerd, Pedro Bettencourt Medeiros, Miguel Bento Ricardo, Tiago Almeida, Alexandre Rola, Faiez Zannad, Patrick Rossignol, Irene Aragão
INTRODUCTION: The assessment of the amount of urine produced by the dose of administered diuretic has been proposed as the main signal of interest in diuretic responsiveness - diuretic efficiency (DE). The main aim of our study is to determine if a low DE is associated with 180-day all-cause mortality (ACM). METHODS: During a 3-year period, we retrospectively studied patients with acutely decompensated heart failure (ADHF) and respiratory insufficiency admitted to the emergency room of a tertiary university hospital in Porto, Portugal...
February 2017: Cardiorenal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610093/-i-aplectana-i-i-nordestina-i-n-sp-nematoda-cosmocercidae-parasitizing-i-leposternon-polystegum-i-squamata-amphisbaenidae-from-northeastern-brazil
#11
Darciane Maria DE Amorim, Lidiane Aparecida Firmino DA Silva, Drausio Honorio Morais, Reinaldo José DA Silva, Robson Waldemar Ávila
There are currently 760 reptile species known in Brazil, from which about 70 are amphisbaenians with 25 species recorded in the Brazilian northeast (Vanzolini 2002; Gomes & Maciel 2012; Costa & Bérnils, 2014; Roberto et al., 2014). Leposternon polystegum Duméril, is a widespread species distributed in the Amazon, Atlantic Forest, Cerrado, and Caatinga biomes (Porto et al., 2000; Ribeiro et al., 2011). The diet is composed mainly by ants, termites, and coleopteran larvae (Barros-Filho & Valverde, 1996; Gomes et al...
March 23, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609270/a-prospective-study-comparing-two-embryo-transfer-soft-catheters
#12
Emily De Conto, Artur K Schuster, Vanessa K Genro, Rita Chapon, Daniela S da Silva, João Sabino Cunha-Filho
OBJECTIVES: To compare reproductive outcomes using two different soft catheters i.e. Set TDT® and Cook® Sydney IVF. The primary outcome was defined as a positive β-human chorionic gonadotropin (β-hCG) test. METHODS: Our prospective study recruited 68 patients undergoing in vitro fertilization cycles in a private fertility clinic in Porto Alegre, Brazil, between January 2014 and April 2016. They were divided into two groups according to the catheter that would be used for the embryo transfer, and the groups were matched by age...
June 1, 2017: JBRA Assisted Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606322/peripheral-and-placental-immune-responses-in-goats-after-primoinfection-with-neospora-caninum-at-early-mid-and-late-gestation
#13
Wagnner José Nascimento Porto, Pilar Horcajo, Pomy de Cássia Peixoto Kim, Javier Regidor-Cerrillo, Elton Amorim Romão, Gema Álvarez-García, Emanuela Polimeni de Mesquita, Rinaldo Aparecido Mota, Luis Miguel Ortega-Mora
Neospora caninum can cause reproductive failure in goats. However, the pathogenesis of neosporosis in this domestic species remains largely unknown. We recently demonstrated that the outcome of experimental infection by N. caninum in pregnant goats is highly dependent on the time of gestation, during which infection occurs. In the present study, we examined the peripheral and placental immune responses in these groups of goats infected with 10(6) tachyzoites of the Nc-Spain7 isolate at early (G1, at day 40 of gestation, dg), mid (G2, 90 dg) and late (G3, 120 dg) gestation, together with a group of non-infected goats as a control group (G4)...
August 15, 2017: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605483/vedolizumab-in-pediatric-inflammatory-bowel-disease-a-retrospective-multi-center-experience-from-the-paediatric-ibd-porto-group-of-espghan
#14
Oren Ledder, Amit Assa, Arie Levine, Johanna C Escher, Lissy de Ridder, Frank Ruemmele, Neil Shah, Ron Shaoul, Victorien M Wolters, Astor Rodrigues, Holm H Uhlig, Carsten Posovsky, Kaija-Leena Kolho, Christian Jakobsen, Shlomi Cohen, Dror S Shouval, Tim de Meij, Javier Martin-de-Carpi, Lisa Richmond, Jiri Bronsky, Mira Friedman, Dan Turner
Background: Vedolizumab, an anti-integrin antibody, has proven to be effective in adults with Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD), but the data in pediatrics are limited. We describe the short-term effectiveness and safety of vedolizumab in a European multi-center pediatric IBD cohort. Method: Retrospective review of children (2-18 years) treated with vedolizumab from 19 centers affiliated with the Paediatric IBD Porto group of ESPGHAN. Primary outcome was week 14 corticosteroid-free remission (CFR)...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605355/2%C3%A2%C2%BA-congresso-hispano-portugu%C3%A3%C2%AAs-de-medicina-transfusional-e-terapia-celular-2%C3%A2%C2%BA-encontro-hispano-luso-afro-latino-americano-de-transfus%C3%A3-o-de-sangue-x-congresso-nacional-da-associa%C3%A3-%C3%A3-o-portuguesa-de-imuno-hemoterapia-apih-28%C3%A2%C2%BA-congresso-da-sociedade-espanhola
#15
Clara Juncal, Eduardo Muñiz-Diaz, Fátima Nascimento, Francisca Pina, Gracinda Sousa, José António Duran, José Maria Garcia Gala, Maria Do Carmo Koch, Ramon Salvado, Robalo Nunes, Teresa Jiménez Marco
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 7, 2017: Blood Transfusion, Trasfusione del Sangue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602971/new-developments-in-hepatorenal-syndrome
#16
Ayse L Mindikoglu, Stephen C Pappas
Hepatorenal Syndrome (HRS) continues to be one of the major complications of decompensated cirrhosis leading to death in the absence of liver transplantation. Challenges in precisely evaluating renal function in the patient with cirrhosis remain due to the limitations of serum creatinine (Cr) alone in estimating glomerular filtration rate (GFR); current GFR estimating models appear to underestimate renal function. Newer models incorporating renal biomarkers, such as the Cr-Cystatin C GFR Equation for Cirrhosis appear to more accurately estimate true GFR...
June 7, 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601467/recurrent-acute-coronary-syndrome-and-mechanisms-of-plaque-instability
#17
Luca Di Vito, Giampaolo Niccoli, Italo Porto, Rocco Vergallo, Laura Gatto, Francesco Prati, Filippo Crea
Patients with an acute coronary syndrome (ACS) due to plaque rupture had a worse prognosis when compared with those without plaque rupture with a higher rate of target vessel revascularization and readmission for unstable angina, suggesting that both stent failure and disease progression occur more frequently. However, it is not known whether recurrent episodes of coronary instability in the same patient are caused by the same pathogenetic mechanism. Thus, we sought to investigate the mechanisms of coronary instability imaged by optical coherence tomography in patients with recurrent ACS events...
June 1, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597752/withdrawal-of-long-term-epoprostenol-therapy-in-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-pah
#18
George Calcaianu, Mihaela Calcaianu, Matthieu Canuet, Irina Enache, Romain Kessler
Once initiated for pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), epoprostenol treatment usually needs to be delivered for an indefinite duration. It is possible that some participants could be transitioned from epoprostenol to oral therapies. We retrospectively evaluated eight PAH participants transitioned from epoprostenol to PAH oral drugs. The criteria for epoprostenol withdrawal were: (1) persistent improvement of clinic and hemodynamic status; (2) stable dose of epoprostenol for the last three months; and (3) the participant's preference for oral therapy after evaluation of risk-benefit...
April 2017: Pulmonary Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591589/can-%C3%AE-radiation-modulate-hemagglutinating-and-anticoagulant-activities-of-ppyll-a-lectin-from-phthirusa-pyrifolia
#19
Romero M P B Costa, Wendell Wagner Campos Albuquerque, Mariana C C Silva, Raiana Apolinário de Paula, Mychely Sheila Melo, Maria L V Oliva, Ana Lúcia Figueiredo Porto
Blood coagulation and platelet-dependent primary homeostasis are important defense mechanisms against bleeding and novel inhibitors have been researched to obtain pharmacological and clinical applications. In this work, the PpyLL, a lectin obtained from Phthirusa pyrifolia, was characterized in terms of its molecular structure and biological functions (anticoagulant, antiplatelet agreggation and hemagglutinating activities) in presence or absence of Gamma radiation exposure. Results revealed a lectin with secondary-structure content by approximately 49% of β-sheet, 20% of β-turn and 31% of disordered structure...
June 4, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588751/protein-tolerance-to-standard-and-high-protein-meals-in-patients-with-liver-cirrhosis
#20
Octavio Campollo, Dirk Sprengers, Gitte Dam, Hendrik Vilstrup, Neil McIntyre
AIM: To investigate the plasma amino acid response and tolerance to normal or high protein meals in patients with cirrhosis. METHODS: The plasma amino acid response to a 20 g mixed protein meal was compared in 8 biopsy-proven compensated cirrhotic patients and 6 healthy subjects. In addition the response to a high protein meal (1 g/kg body weight) was studied in 6 decompensated biopsy-proven cirrhotics in order to evaluate their protein tolerance and the likelihood of developing hepatic encephalopathy (HE) following a porto-caval shunt procedure...
May 18, 2017: World Journal of Hepatology
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