keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Fetal and surgery

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214892/baicalin-attenuates-cardiac-dysfunction-and-myocardial-remodeling-in-a-chronic-pressure-overload-mice-model
#1
Yanqing Zhang, Pingping Liao, Meng'en Zhu, Wei Li, Dan Hu, Siming Guan, Long Chen
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Baicalin has been shown to be effective for various animal models of cardiovascular diseases, such as pulmonary hypertension, atherosclerosis and myocardial ischaemic injury. However, whether baicalin plays a role in cardiac hypertrophy remains unknown. Here we investigated the protective effects of baicalin on cardiac hypertrophy induced by pressure overload and explored the potential mechanisms involved. METHODS: C57BL/6J-mice were treated with baicalin or vehicle following transverse aortic constriction or Sham surgery for up to 8 weeks, and at different time points, cardiac function and heart size measurement and histological and biochemical examination were performed...
February 16, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213879/arthrogryposis-multiplex-congenita-classification-diagnosis-perioperative-care-and-anesthesia
#2
REVIEW
Lulu Ma, Xuerong Yu
Arthrogryposis multiplex congenita (AMC) is a rare disorder characterized by non-progressive, multiple contractures. In addition to affected extremities, patients may also present microstomia, decreased temporomandibular joint mobility. Although the etiology of AMC is unclear, any factor that decreases fetal movement is responsible for AMC. Thus, accurate diagnosis and classification are crucial to the appropriate treatment of AMC. The development of ultrasound technology has enabled prenatal diagnosis. Very early treatment is favorable, and multidisciplinary treatment is necessary to improve the function of AMC patients...
February 17, 2017: Frontiers of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211140/anesthesia-for-fetal-surgery
#3
REVIEW
Monica A Hoagland, Debnath Chatterjee
Fetal therapy is an exciting and growing field of medicine. Advances in prenatal imaging and continued innovations in surgical and anesthetic techniques have resulted in a wide range of fetal interventions including minimally invasive, open mid-gestation, and ex-utero intrapartum treatment procedures. The potential for maternal morbidity is significant and must be carefully weighed against claimed benefits to the fetus. Appropriate patient selection is critical, and a multidisciplinary team-based approach is strongly recommended...
February 17, 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207948/right-sided-aortic-arch-in-the-age-of-microarray
#4
Edward F O'Mahony, Darren P Hutchinson, George McGillivray, Debbie L Nisbet, Ricardo Palma-Dias
OBJECTIVE: For fetuses with a diagnosis of right aortic arch and normal cardiac anatomy we aimed to establish the frequency of chromosomal anomaly diagnosed with SNP microarray analysis, particularly focusing on microduplications or microdeletions which would have gone undetected by conventional karyotyping and 6 probe fish (13,18,21, X,Y, TUPLE). METHOD: Retrospective study of fetal ultrasounds between 2011 and 2016 in an Australian tertiary referral centre. Outcomes of interest were survival and postnatal surgery for vascular ring...
February 16, 2017: Prenatal Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205096/pharmacological-effects-of-asiatic-acid-in-glioblastoma-cells-under-hypoxia
#5
Flourina Kumar Thakor, Ka-Wai Wan, Philip John Welsby, Gail Welsby
Glioblastoma multiforme is the most common and malignant primary brain tumor in adults. Despite current treatment options including surgery followed by radiation and chemotherapy with temozolomide and cisplatin, the median survival rate remains low (<16 months). Combined with increasing drug resistance and the inability of some compounds to cross the blood-brain barrier, novel compounds are being sought for the treatment of this disease. Here, we aimed to examine the pharmacological effect of Asiatic acid (AA) in glioblastoma under hypoxia...
February 15, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196661/pediatric-medical-device-development-by-surgeons-via-capstone-engineering-design-programs
#6
Bryan S Sack, Rodolfo A Elizondo, Gene O Huang, Nicolette Janzen, Jimmy Espinoza, Magdalena Sanz-Cortes, Jennifer E Dietrich, Julie Hakim, Eric Richardson, Maria Oden, John Hanks, Balakrishna Haridas, James F Hury, Chester J Koh
BACKGROUND: There is a need for pediatric medical devices that accommodate the unique physiology and anatomy of pediatric patients that is increasingly receiving more attention. However, there is limited literature on the programs within children's hospitals and academia that can support pediatric device development. We describe our experience with pediatric device design utilizing collaborations between a children's hospital and two engineering schools. METHODS: Utilizing the academic year as a timeline, unmet pediatric device needs were identified by surgical faculty and matched with an engineering mentor and a team of students within the Capstone Engineering Design programs at two universities...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195378/to-cut-or-not-to-cut-that-is-the-question-a-review-of-the-anatomy-the-technique-risks-and-benefits-of-an-episiotomy
#7
REVIEW
Mitchel Alan Muhleman, Islam Aly, Andrew Walters, Nitsa Topale, R Shane Tubbs, Marios Loukas
Childbirth can be a traumatic experience on the female body. Some techniques may be implemented to make the process smoother and decrease the potential lacerations that can occur. Episiotomies have been used by obstetricians and midwives to help make the fetal decent down the vaginal canal less turbulent. A physician must use his best judgment on when it is necessary to make this incision and what form of incision to make. Before making an incision one must understand the female external and internal anatomy and thoroughly comprehend the stages of birth to understand how and what complications can occur...
February 13, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187889/gift-cloud-a-data-sharing-and-collaboration-platform-for-medical-imaging-research
#8
Tom Doel, Dzhoshkun I Shakir, Rosalind Pratt, Michael Aertsen, James Moggridge, Erwin Bellon, Anna L David, Jan Deprest, Tom Vercauteren, Sébastien Ourselin
OBJECTIVES: Clinical imaging data are essential for developing research software for computer-aided diagnosis, treatment planning and image-guided surgery, yet existing systems are poorly suited for data sharing between healthcare and academia: research systems rarely provide an integrated approach for data exchange with clinicians; hospital systems are focused towards clinical patient care with limited access for external researchers; and safe haven environments are not well suited to algorithm development...
February 2017: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183709/consequences-of-delivery-at-home-in-a-woman-without-prenatal-care
#9
Nakul Kumar, Lisa Gilbert, Terry Ellis, Sandeep Krishnan
This is a case report of a 39-year-old multigravida woman without allopathic prenatal care who, after three previous caesarean sections, attempted to deliver her fourth child at home with the help of a direct entry midwife. During labour, fetal movement and fetal heart tones became undetectable, at which time the patient was referred by the midwife to the hospital. The patient was diagnosed with uterine rupture, bladder rupture and fetal demise; she was rushed to emergency surgery. The patient's lack of allopathic prenatal care, attempt of vaginal birth after three previous caesarean sections, coupled with her desire for delivery at home, led to her complicated course...
February 9, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183674/albumin-coatings-by-alternating-current-electrophoretic-deposition-for-improving-corrosion-resistance-and-bioactivity-of-titanium-implants
#10
Sarah Höhn, Annabel Braem, Bram Neirinck, Sannakaisa Virtanen
Although Ti alloys are generally regarded to be highly corrosion resistant, inflammatory conditions following surgery can instigate breakdown of the TiO2 passivation layer leading to an increased metal ion release. Furthermore proteins present in the surrounding tissue will readily adsorb on a titanium surface after implantation. In this paper alternating current electrophoretic deposition (AC-EPD) of bovine serum albumin (BSA) on Ti6Al4V was investigated in order to increase the corrosion resistance and control the protein adsorption capability of the implant surface...
April 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183146/prenatal-and-postnatal-management-of-gastroschisis-in-german-speaking-countries-is-there-a-standardized-management
#11
Katharina Schib, Marc Schumacher, Martin Meuli, Sasha Tharakan, Ulrike Subotic
Introduction Evidence-based guidelines or protocols regarding the perinatal management of babies born with gastroschisis are lacking. The aim of this work is to evaluate the different current treatment modalities for newborns with gastroschisis during the perinatal period in the German-speaking countries Germany, Austria, and Switzerland. These data could serve as a starting point for the development of a multicenter randomized controlled trial. Materials and Methods A questionnaire was developed with 30 questions divided into five sections: (1) prenatal diagnosis, (2) fetal therapy, (3) mode and timing of delivery, (4) operative management, and (5) postoperative management...
February 9, 2017: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179200/laparoscopic-management-of-abdomininal-pregnancy
#12
Francesco Cosentino, Cristiano Rossitto, Luigi Carlo Turco, Salvatore Gueli Alletti, Carmine Vascone, Lavinia Di Meglio, Giovanni Scambia, Mario Malzoni
CASE REPORT OBJECTIVE: To show the surgical management in laparoscopy of a particular localization of an extra-uterine pregnancy misunderstood until 12 week of EG complicated by hemoperitoneum and abortion. BACKGROUND: The prevalence of ectopic pregnancy among women who go to an emergency department with first trimester bleeding, pain, or both ranges from 1 to 16 percent [1]. The most common localization of ectopic pregnancy are the Fallopian tubes while abdominal pregnancy represent at least 1 percent of extra-uterine pregnancies...
February 4, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174536/exploring-the-pharmacokinetic-profile-of-remifentanil-in-mid-trimester-gestations-undergoing-fetal-intervention-procedures
#13
Judith A Smith, Roopali V Donepudi, Pedro S Argoti, Anita L Giezentanner, Ranu Jain, Noemi Boring, Elisa Garcia, Kenneth J Moise
Background: Indications for surgery during pregnancy have increased. Specifically fetal interventions have increased from conditions that were considered lethal like twin-twin transfusion syndrome and severe fetal anemia to non-lethal conditions like myelomeningocele. The optimal anesthetic agent for in utero surgery is yet to be determined. Success of the procedure is often dictated by the efficacy of the anesthetic to immobilize the fetus without over-sedating mom. Remifentanil is used as preferred agent due to its short half-life however pharmacokinetics in pregnancy is unknown...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165153/fetal-right-aortic-arch-associated-anomalies-genetic-anomalies-with-chromosomal-microarray-analysis-and-postnatal-outcome
#14
Ruan Peng, Hong-Ning Xie, Ju Zheng, Yi Zhou, Mei-Fang Lin
OBJECTIVES: To assess the associated prenatal findings, genetic anomalies with chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA) and postnatal outcome of fetal right aortic arch (RAA). METHODS: This retrospective study reviewed 92 fetuses diagnosed with RAA and the findings of CMA using Affymetrix CytoScan HD array in our institution between 2013 and 2016. RESULTS: Postnatal data were not available for six cases and genetic data were not available for 26 cases...
February 6, 2017: Prenatal Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163433/congenital-pseudoaneurysm-of-mitral-aortic-intervalvular-fibrosa-masquerading-as-left-atrial-mass-in-fetal-life
#15
Shanthi Chidambarathanu, Vijayalakshmi Raja, Indrani Suresh
A 28-week-old fetus was detected to have a single left atrial mass in prenatal ultrasound. Postnatal echocardiography showed an aneurysm between the anterior mitral leaflet and aortic valve, to the left of atrioventricular junction and communicating with the left ventricle through a narrow mouth. It probably originated from the mitral-aortic intervalvular fibrous tissue and an inherent weakness at this site might be the cause. Reported cases of pseudoaneurysm of mitral-aortic intervalvular fibrosa and subvalvular ventricular aneurysms seen following infective endocarditis, surgery, or trauma seem to have a similar anatomical background...
January 2017: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162192/-the-454th-case-a-29-week-pregnant-woman-with-abdominal-pain-hyperlipemia-and-multiorgan-dysfunction
#16
D Wu, J Xu, J M Peng, L K Ma, S Chen, X G Li, T P Zhang, J M Qian
A 32 year-old woman in the third trimester of pregnancy was admitted for severe acute pancreatitis due to hypertriglyceridemia. During hospitalization she developed multiorgan dysfunction, infected pancreatic necrosis, abdominal compartment syndrome and intrauterine fetal death. She was successfully treated by multidisciplinary team including department of emergency medicine, ICU, gastroenterology, obstetrics, endocrinology, ultrasonography, radiology, infectious disease, nutrition and surgery.
February 1, 2017: Zhonghua Nei Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157255/current-views-on-fetal-surgical-treatment-of-myelomeningocele-the-management-of-myelomeningocele-study-moms-trial-and-polish-clinical-experience
#17
Jacek Zamłyński, Ewa Horzelska, Mateusz Zamłyński, Katarzyna Olszak-Wąsik, Leszek Nowak, Piotr Bodzek, Tomasz Horzelski, Rafał Bablok, Anita Olejek
Myelomeningocele (MMC) is the most frequent congenital defect of the central nervous system for which there is no satisfactory alternative to postnatal treatment. On the contrary prenatal MMC surgery is conducting before birth and is aimed at protecting from Chiari II malformation. The main goal of fetal MMC repair is to improve development and life quality of children with Chiari II malformation. Management of Myelomeningocele Study (MOMS) which was published in 2011 clearly confirmed effectiveness of prenatal surgery...
2017: Ginekologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157247/congenital-diaphragmatic-hernia-pathogenesis-prenatal-diagnosis-and-management-literature-review
#18
Przemysław Kosiński, Mirosław Wielgoś
Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is a developmental discontinuity of the diaphragm. It allows abdominal viscera to herniate into the chest and leads to lung hypoplasia. Congenital diaphragmatic hernia is one of the most severe birth defects, with extremely high neonatal mortality. This paper presents a review of the available literature on prenatal diagnosis, management and treatment options for CDH. In selected cases, a prenatal procedure to improve neonatal survival is possible. The authors of this manuscript believe their work might contribute to a better understanding of congenital diaphragmatic hernia and patient selection for the FETO (fetal endoscopic tracheal occlusion) surgery or expectant management...
2017: Ginekologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151919/prenatal-diagnoses-of-an-uncommon-isolated-obstructed-supracardiac-total-anomalous-pulmonary-venous-connection-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature-care-compliant
#19
Iolanda Muntean, Claudiu Mărginean, Răzvan Stanca, Rodica Togănel, Marian Pop, Liliana Gozar
INTRODUCTION: Total anomalous pulmonary venous connection is an uncommon congenital heart disease. Four types are described based on the site of pulmonary venous drainage: supracardiac, cardiac, infradiaphragmathic, and mixed connection. In most cases of supracardiac type, the common venous confluence drains through an ascending left vertical vein into the brachiocephalic vein, right superior vena cava, and then into the right atrium. Anomalous connection of the pulmonary venous confluence directly to the right SVC, especially the obstructed form is an unusual and severe supracardiac variant...
February 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151754/maternal-risks-of-fetal-therapy
#20
Alyaa Al-Refai, Greg Ryan, Tim Van Mieghem
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Although most fetal disorders can be treated after birth, a few conditions that predictably lead to fetal or neonatal death, or that progress significantly before birth, are ideally treated prenatally. The number of centers offering fetal therapeutic procedures is gradually increasing worldwide. Patients and caregivers should be aware of the potential maternal risks of these interventions. RECENT FINDINGS: For transplacental medical therapy (corticosteroids, antiarrhythmics and immunoglobulins), severe maternal adverse events are rare, when done in expert centers...
February 1, 2017: Current Opinion in Obstetrics & Gynecology
keyword
keyword
24063
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"