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Polio syndrome

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752826/post-polio-syndrome-and-the-late-effects-of-poliomyelitis-part-2-treatment-management-and-prognosis
#1
REVIEW
Julian K Lo, Lawrence R Robinson
Post-Polio Syndrome (PPS) is characterized by new muscle weakness and/or muscle fatigability that occurs many years following the initial poliomyelitis illness. An individualized approach to rehabilitation management is critical. Interventions may include rehabilitation management strategies, adaptive equipment, orthotic equipment, gait/mobility aids and a variety of therapeutic exercises. The progression of muscle weakness in PPS is typically slow and gradual; however, there is also variability in both the natural history of weakness and functional prognosis...
May 12, 2018: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752819/post-polio-syndrome-and-the-late-effects-of-poliomyelitis-part-1-pathogenesis-biomechanical-considerations-diagnosis-and-investigations
#2
REVIEW
Julian K Lo, Lawrence R Robinson
Post-Polio Syndrome (PPS) is characterized by new muscle weakness and/or muscle fatigability that occurs many years following the initial poliomyelitis illness. There are many theories that exist on the pathogenesis of PPS, which remains incompletely understood. In contrast, the Late Effects of Poliomyelitis are often a consequence of biomechanical alterations that occur as a result of polio-related surgeries, musculoskeletal deformities or weakness. Osteoporosis and fractures of the polio-involved limbs are common...
May 12, 2018: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748118/diaphragmatic-dysfunction-as-the-presenting-symptom-in-neuromuscular-disorders-a-retrospective-longitudinal-study-of-etiology-and-outcome-in-30-german-patients
#3
Matthias Türk, Irina Weber, Gernot Vogt-Ladner, Rolf Schröder, Martin Winterholler
Diaphragmatic dysfunction is well-known in advanced stages of neuromuscular disorders. However, data on its presence as the presenting symptom in neuromuscular disorders is scarce. The goal of this retrospective longitudinal study was to evaluate the etiology and clinical outcome in patients, in whom uni- or bilateral diaphragmatic dysfunction was primarily diagnosed, before a specific neuromuscular disease was found. Patients with critical illness neuropathy/myopathy were excluded from this study. Analysis of the medical records of two tertiary referral centers for patients with neuromuscular diseases identified 30 corresponding patients with diaphragmatic dysfunction (17 unilateral; 13 bilateral)...
April 9, 2018: Neuromuscular Disorders: NMD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596010/whole-body-vibration-on-people-with-sequelae-of-polio
#4
Carolyn P Da Silva, C Lauren Szot, Natasha deSa
PURPOSE: The purpose was to explore the feasibility of whole body vibration (WBV) on polio survivors with/without post-polio syndrome (PPS) by studying its effects on walking speed (10-m walk test), endurance (2-min walk test), pain severity/interference (Brief Pain Inventory [BPI]), sleep quality (Pittsburg Sleep Quality Index), fatigue (Fatigue Severity Scale), leg strength (manual muscle testing and hand-held dynamometry), and muscle cramping (written logs). METHODS: Fifteen individuals completed the study, participating in eight sessions in two 4-week blocks...
March 29, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562920/the-safety-of-live-attenuated-vaccines-in-patients-using-il-1-or-il-6-blockade-an-international-survey
#5
Jerold Jeyaratnam, Nienke M Ter Haar, Helen J Lachmann, Ozgur Kasapcopur, Amanda K Ombrello, Donato Rigante, Fatma Dedeoglu, Ezgi H Baris, Sebastiaan J Vastert, Nico M Wulffraat, Joost Frenkel
BACKGROUND: Withholding live-attenuated vaccines in patients using interleukin (IL)-1 or IL-6 blocking agents is recommended by guidelines for both pediatric and adult rheumatic diseases, since there is a risk of infection in an immune suppressed host. However, this has never been studied. This retrospective, multicenter survey aimed to evaluate the safety of live-attenuated vaccines in patients using IL-1 or IL-6 blockade. METHODS: We contacted physicians involved in the treatment of autoinflammatory diseases to investigate potential cases...
March 21, 2018: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29518587/ultrasound-guided-carpal-tunnel-release-using-dynamic-expansion-of-the-transverse-safe-zone-in-a-patient-with-postpolio-syndrome-a-case-report
#6
Troy Henning, Daniel Lueders, Kate Chang, Lynda Yang
The prevalence of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) in patients with postpolio syndrome occurs at a rate of 22%. Irrespective of those with CTS, 74% of postpolio patients weight bear through their arms for ambulation or transfers. As open carpal tunnel release is performed along the weight-bearing region of the wrist, their functional independence may be altered while recovering. This case demonstrates that ultrasound-guided carpal tunnel release was successfully performed in a patient with postpolio syndrome allowing him to immediately weight bear through his hands after the procedure so he could recover at home...
March 6, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29506301/-beneficial-effect-of-medical-cannabis-in-the-treatment-of-a-pharmacoresistant-nausea-associated-with-a-somatoform-disorder-in-a-patient-with-post-polio-syndrome
#7
Markus Bleckwenn, Klaus Weckbecker, Sebastian Voss
HISTORY AND CLINICAL FINDINGS:  We report a 79-year-old patient with post-polio syndrome (PPS). In the course of this disease, recurrent upper abdominal pain and a therapy-resistant nausea developed without vomiting. In addition, the patient was limited by the combination of muscular weakness, obesity, dietary-treated diabetes and a degenerative spinal cord injury significantly in its mobility and physical capacity. INVESTIGATIONS AND DIAGNOSIS:  Despite extensive diagnostics, no somatic cause could be found neither for the nausea nor for the upper abdominal pain...
March 2018: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381742/correction-aerobic-exercise-training-in-post-polio-syndrome-process-evaluation-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Eric L Voorn, Fieke S Koopman, Merel A Brehm, Anita Beelen, Arnold de Haan, Karin H L Gerrits, Frans Nollet
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0159280.].
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307368/measles-and-rubella-global-strategic-plan-2012-2020-midterm-review-report-background-and-summary
#9
Walter A Orenstein, Lisa Cairns, Alan Hinman, Benjamin Nkowane, Jean-Marc Olivé, Arthur L Reingold
Measles, a vaccine-preventable illness, is one of the most infectious diseases known to man. In 2015, an estimated 134,200 measles deaths occurred globally. Rubella, also vaccine-preventable, is a concern because infection during pregnancy can result in congenital defects in the baby. More than 100,000 babies with congenital rubella syndrome were estimated to have been born globally in 2010. Eradication of both measles and rubella is considered to be feasible, beneficial, and more cost-effective than high-level control...
January 11, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279133/repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-in-treatment-of-post-polio-syndrome
#10
Żanna Pastuszak, Renata Piusińska-Macoch, Adam Stępień, Zbigniew Czernicki
BACKGROUND: Post polio syndrome is a rare disease that occurs decades after polio virus infection. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) is a treatment option with proved effectiveness in drug resistant depression. Possibly it can be helpful in therapy of other neurological diseases including post polio syndrome. OBJECTIVE: To describe a case of patient diagnosed with post polio syndrome who was treated with rTMS stimulation with a good effect. METHODS: Patient had rTMS stimulation of left prefrontal cortex twice a week for an eight weeks...
March 2018: Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057668/modeling-subjective-well-being-in-individuals-with-chronic-pain-and-a-physical-disability-the-role-of-pain-control-and-pain-catastrophizing
#11
Angela Furrer, Gisela Michel, Alexandra L Terrill, Mark P Jensen, Rachel Müller
PURPOSE: To investigate the associations between subjective well-being and pain intensity, pain interference, and depression in individuals with physical disabilities. We hypothesized that (1) pain control and (2) pain catastrophizing mediate the effects of subjective well-being on pain intensity, pain interference, and depression. METHODS: Analyses of cross-sectional data from 96 individuals diagnosed with spinal cord injury, multiple sclerosis, neuromuscular disease, or post-polio syndrome, with average pain intensity of ≥4 (0-10) on at least half the days in the past month...
October 23, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974103/polio-survivors-perceptions-of-a-multi-disciplinary-rehabilitation-programme
#12
Anita Atwal, Helen Duncan, Claire Queally, S H Cedar
PURPOSE: Post-polio syndrome refers to a late complication of the poliovirus infection. Management of post-polio syndrome is complex due to the extensive symptomology. European and United Kingdom guidelines have advised the use of rehabilitation programmes to manage post-polio syndrome. There is a paucity of research in relation to the effectiveness of rehabilitation interventions. The objective of this study is to explore polio survivor's perceptions of an in-patient multi-disciplinary rehabilitation programme...
October 3, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899527/restless-legs-syndrome-is-highly-prevalent-in-patients-with-post-polio-syndrome
#13
Luis Fabiano Marin, Luciane B C Carvalho, Lucila B F Prado, Acary S B Oliveira, Gilmar F Prado
OBJECTIVE: Few studies have quantified the prevalence of restless legs syndrome (RLS) in patients with post-polio syndrome (PPS). Our objective was to assess the prevalence and severity of RLS in patients with PPS and to examine the demographic characteristics of this population. METHOD: This was a cross-sectional study conducted from April 2010 to May 2012 at the outpatient Neuromuscular Disorders clinic of Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil...
September 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832294/-acute-flaccid-myelitis-after-a-respiratory-tract-infection-first-dutch-case-related-to-enterovirus-type-d68-infection
#14
J Helfferich, E M Kingma, L C Meiners, E H Schölvinck, H D Mulder, O F Brouwer
BACKGROUND: Acute flaccid myelitis (AFM) is a relatively rare disorder affecting the anterior horn of the spinal cord and brain stem. It is characterised by rapid progressive weakness of the limbs and respiratory muscles, often combined with cranial nerve dysfunction. This used to be seen in infections with the polio virus, but in recent years, AFM has been mainly associated with enterovirus D68 infection. CASE DESCRIPTION: A boy of nearly 4 years-old developed rapidly progressive weakness and respiratory failure after an upper airway infection...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750019/comparison-of-activity-and-fatigue-of-the-respiratory-muscles-and-pulmonary-characteristics-between-post-polio-patients-and-controls-a-pilot-study
#15
COMPARATIVE STUDY
David Shoseyov, Tali Cohen-Kaufman, Isabella Schwartz, Sigal Portnoy
OBJECTIVES: To compare pulmonary function measures, maximal respiratory pressure and fatigue of respiratory muscles between patients with Post-Polio Syndrome (PPS) and controls. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. PATIENTS: Patients with PPS (N = 12; age 62.1±11.6 years) able to walk for 6 minutes without human assistance; age-matched controls with no history of polio or pulmonary dysfunction (N = 12; age 62.2±6.5 years). MEASUREMENTS: A body plethysmograph was used to quantify Residual Volume (RV), Total Lung Capacity (TLC), and Thoracic Gas Volume (TGV) etc...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694527/revealing-enterovirus-infection-in-chronic-human-disorders-an-integrated-diagnostic-approach
#16
Angelo Genoni, Filippo Canducci, Agostino Rossi, Francesco Broccolo, Konstantin Chumakov, Giorgio Bono, Jorge Salerno-Uriarte, Alessandro Salvatoni, Alberto Pugliese, Antonio Toniolo
Enteroviruses (EVs) causing persisting infection are characterized by minimal replication and genetic changes. Typing of these agents may complement disease assessment and shed light on pathogenesis. Here we report an integrated approach for EV detection in human samples that is based on pre-enrichment of virus in cell culture before search for the viral genome and viral antigens. Cases of post-polio syndrome, type 1 diabetes, and chronic cardiomyopathy were investigated. As tissue-based approaches require invasive procedures, information was mainly gleaned from virus in blood...
July 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694199/initiation-of-noninvasive-ventilation-for-sleep-related-hypoventilation-disorders-advanced-modes-and-devices
#17
REVIEW
Bernardo J Selim, Lisa Wolfe, John M Coleman, Naresh A Dewan
Although noninvasive ventilation (NIV) has been used since the 1950s in the polio epidemic, the development of modern bilevel positive airway pressure (BPAP) devices did not become a reality until the 1990s. Over the past 25 years, BPAP technology options have increased exponentially. The number of patients receiving this treatment both in the acute setting and at home is growing steadily. However, a knowledge gap exists in the way the settings on these devices are adjusted to achieve synchrony and match the patient's unique physiology of respiratory failure...
January 2018: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667382/magnetic-resonance-imaging-and-clinical-features-in-acute-and-subacute-myelopathies
#18
REVIEW
Stefan Weidauer, Marlies Wagner, Michael Nichtweiß
Differential diagnosis of acute and subacute transverse myelopathy includes inflammatory, infectious, vascular, metabolic and paraneoplastic etiologies. Information on the diagnostic approach to transverse myelopathy with regard to daily clinical practice is provided. The differentiation between five lesion patterns on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in myelitis may be helpful: (1) longitudinal extensive transverse myelitis, (2) short segment ovoid or peripherally located, (3) "polio-like", (4) granulomatous and (5) segmental with rash...
December 2017: Clinical Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662855/measuring-physical-and-cognitive-fatigue-in-people-with-post-polio-syndrome-development-of-the-neurological-fatigue-index-for-post-polio-syndrome-nfi-pp
#19
Carolyn A Young, Samantha M Wong, Anne-Marie C Quincey, Alan Tennant
BACKGROUND: Fatigue in post-polio syndrome (PPS) has been shown to affect quality of life adversely. There is currently no disease-specific measure of fatigue for PPS. OBJECTIVE: To develop a scale to measure fatigue in PPS that meets rigorous psychometric standards. DESIGN: Qualitative followed by validation and test-retest studies. SETTING: Polio clinic followed by national questionnaire studies. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 45 participants from polio clinic for qualitative; 319 participants from clinic or self-referral for validation study, of whom 87 completed the retest questionnaire...
February 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657640/cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-reducing-fatigue-in-post-polio-syndrome-and-in-facioscapulohumeral-dystrophy-a-comparison
#20
Fieke S Koopman, Merel A Brehm, Anita Beelen, Nicole Voet, Gijs Bleijenberg, Alexander Geurts, Frans Nollet
BACKGROUND: Cognitive behavioural therapy does not reduce fatigue in post-polio syndrome, but is effective in facioscapulohumeral dystrophy. This difference in efficacy might be explained by a different role of cognitions in these conditions. OBJECTIVE: To compare fatigue-related cognitions between patients with post-polio syndrome and facio-scapulohumeral dystrophy. SUBJECTS: Patients with post-polio syndrome (n = 21) and facioscapulohumeral dystrophy (n = 24) allocated to a cognitive behavioural therapy intervention in 2 identical trials...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
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