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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926606/links-between-plant-and-fungal-diversity-in-habitat-fragments-of-coastal-shrubland
#1
Mia R Maltz, Kathleen K Treseder, Krista L McGuire
Habitat fragmentation is widespread across ecosystems, detrimentally affecting biodiversity. Although most habitat fragmentation studies have been conducted on macroscopic organisms, microbial communities and fungal processes may also be threatened by fragmentation. This study investigated whether fragmentation, and the effects of fragmentation on plants, altered fungal diversity and function within a fragmented shrubland in southern California. Using fluorimetric techniques, we assayed enzymes from plant litter collected from fragments of varying sizes to investigate enzymatic responses to fragmentation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921972/what-can-be-learned-from-nuclear-resonance-vibrational-spectroscopy-vibrational-dynamics-and-hemes
#2
W Robert Scheidt, Jianfeng Li, J Timothy Sage
Nuclear resonance vibrational spectroscopy (NRVS; also known as nuclear inelastic scattering, NIS) is a synchrotron-based method that reveals the full spectrum of vibrational dynamics for Mössbauer nuclei. Another major advantage, in addition to its completeness (no arbitrary optical selection rules), is the unique selectivity of NRVS. The basics of this recently developed technique are first introduced with descriptions of the experimental requirements and data analysis including the details of mode assignments...
September 18, 2017: Chemical Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920745/naissance-et-petite-enfance-%C3%A3-la-cour-de-france-moyen-%C3%A3-ge%C3%A2-xix-e-%C3%A2-si%C3%A3-cle-par-pascale-mormiche-et-stanis-perez-dir-naissance-et-petite-enfance-%C3%A3-la-cour-de-france-moyen-%C3%A3-ge%C3%A2-xix-e-%C3%A2-si%C3%A3-cle-pascale-mormiche-et-stanis-perez-dir-villeneuve-d-ascq-%C3%A2-presses
#3
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919679/effects-of-intramammary-infusion-of-sage-salvia-officinalis-essential-oil-on-milk-somatic-cell-count-milk-composition-parameters-and-selected-hematology-and-serum-biochemical-parameters-in-awassi-sheep-with-subclinical-mastitis
#4
Myassar O Alekish, Zuhair B Ismail, Mofleh S Awawdeh, Shoroq Shatnawi
AIM: The aims of this study were to evaluate the effects of intramammary infusion of sage (Salvia officinalis) essential oil (EO) on milk somatic cell count (SCC), milk composition parameters and selected hematology and serum biochemical parameters in 20 Awassi ewes affected with subclinical mastitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The dried leaves of sage were used to extract the EO by hydrodistillation. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) of sage EO against Staphylococcus aureus were determined by the broth dilution method...
August 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912190/invitations-received-from-potential-predatory-publishers-and-fraudulent-conferences-a-12-month-early-career-researcher-experience
#5
Eric Mercier, Pier-Alexandre Tardif, Lynne Moore, Natalie Le Sage, Peter A Cameron
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: This study aims to describe all unsolicited electronic invitations received from potential predatory publishers or fraudulent conferences over a 12-month period following the first publication as a corresponding author of a junior academician. STUDY DESIGN: Unsolicited invitations received at an institutional email address and perceived to be sent by predatory publishers or fraudulent conferences were collected. RESULTS: A total of 502 invitations were included of which 177 (35...
September 14, 2017: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911100/genome-wide-analysis-of-influenza-viral-rna-and-nucleoprotein-association
#6
Nara Lee, Valerie Le Sage, Adalena V Nanni, Dan J Snyder, Vaughn S Cooper, Seema S Lakdawala
Influenza A virus (IAV) genomes are composed of eight single-stranded RNA segments that are coated by viral nucleoprotein (NP) molecules. Classically, the interaction between NP and viral RNA (vRNA) is depicted as a uniform pattern of 'beads on a string'. Using high-throughput sequencing of RNA isolated by crosslinking immunoprecipitation (HITS-CLIP), we identified the vRNA binding profiles of NP for two H1N1 IAV strains in virions. Contrary to the prevailing model for vRNA packaging, NP does not bind vRNA uniformly in the A/WSN/1933 and A/California/07/2009 strains, but instead each vRNA segment exhibits a unique binding profile, containing sites that are enriched or poor in NP association...
September 6, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903659/sage-on-the-stage-women-s-representation-at-an-academic-conference
#7
Camille S Johnson, Pamela K Smith, Chunlei Wang
Who presents at conferences matters. Presenting research benefits speakers, and presenters shape the conclusions audiences draw about who can succeed in a field. This is particularly important for members of historically underrepresented or disadvantaged groups, such as women. We investigated gender representation over a 13-year period among speakers at the largest social and personality psychology conference. On average, women were underrepresented as speakers, though this effect diminished over time. Chairs appeared to serve as gatekeepers: In symposia chaired by women, almost half of the invited speakers were women, whereas in symposia chaired by men, it was a third...
April 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901816/reason-rigor-how-conceptual-frameworks-guide-research-2nd-edition-2017-by-sharon-m-ravitch-matthew-riggan-264-pp-soft-cover-isbn-9781483340401-sage-publications-inc-thousand-oaks-ca-price-64-00
#8
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898146/book-reviews-ultrasound-edited-by-leslie-m-scoutt-ulrike-m-hamper-teresita-l-angtuaco-oxford-university-press-2017-price-%C3%A2-112-50-pp-696-isbn-978-0-19-998810-5-geriatric-rehabilitation-from-bedside-to-curbside-k-rao-poduri-crc-press-2017-price-%C3%A2-140-pp-678
#9
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898109/factors-associated-with-type-ii-trauma-in-occupational-groups-working-with-traumatised-children-a-systematic-review
#10
Clara A M Sage, Samantha K Brooks, Neil Greenberg
BACKGROUND: There is evidence that "Type II trauma" (TTT) - repeated exposure to traumatic events - can lead to the development of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). TTT frequently occurs in occupational groups working with children who are themselves victims of trauma. AIM: To conduct a systematic review identifying risk factors for/protective factors against TTT-associated mental ill-health in employees working with traumatised children and explore how this type of work impacts upon social functioning...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895786/book-review-the-health-of-people-how-the-social-sciences-can-improve-population-health-the-health-of-people-how-the-social-sciences-can-improve-population-health-compiled-by-the-campaign-for-social-science-published-by-sage-london-2017-isbn-97811473989450
#11
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892812/one-visual-search-many-memory-searches-an-eye-tracking-investigation-of-hybrid-search
#12
Trafton Drew, Sage E P Boettcher, Jeremy M Wolfe
Suppose you go to the supermarket with a shopping list of 10 items held in memory. Your shopping expedition can be seen as a combination of visual search and memory search. This is known as "hybrid search." There is a growing interest in understanding how hybrid search tasks are accomplished. We used eye tracking to examine how manipulating the number of possible targets (the memory set size [MSS]) changes how observers (Os) search. We found that dwell time on each distractor increased with MSS, suggesting a memory search was being executed each time a new distractor was fixated...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Vision
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892508/physical-psychological-sexual-and-systemic-abuse-of-children-with-disabilities-in-east-africa-mapping-the-evidence
#13
Niall Winters, Laurenz Langer, Anne Geniets
Children with disabilities (CWDs) are at a higher risk of being maltreated than are typical children. The evidence base on the abuse of children with disabilities living in low- and middle-income countries is extremely limited but the problem is particularly acute in East Africa. We don't know the types of evidence that exist on this topic. This problem is compounded by the fact that key indicators of disability, such as reliable prevalence rates, are not available currently. This paper addresses this serious problem by mapping the existing evidence-base to document the coverage, patterns, and gaps in existing research on the abuse of children with disabilities in East Africa...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891460/source-of-hyalesthes-obsoletus-signoret-planthopper-hemiptera-cixiidae-in-southern-france-and-potential-effects-of-landscape
#14
L Hossard, S Guimier, F Vinatier, J M Barbier, S Delmotte, M Fontaine, J B Rivoal
Cixiid planthoppers are considered of major economic importance, as they can transmit phytoplasmas responsible for many plant diseases. While thorougly studied in vineyards, the epidemiology of stolbur phytoplasma, transmitted by Hyalesthes obsoletus Signoret, was rarely investigated on minor crops as lavender, where it leads to 'yellow decline' disease and large economic losses. The objective of this paper is to understand the effect of the local landscape characteristics on the presence and density of H. obsoletus in the 'Plateau de Valensole', southern France...
September 11, 2017: Bulletin of Entomological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878125/human-hepatic-organoids-for-the-analysis-of-human-genetic-diseases
#15
Yuan Guan, Dan Xu, Phillip M Garfin, Ursula Ehmer, Melissa Hurwitz, Greg Enns, Sara Michie, Manhong Wu, Ming Zheng, Toshihiko Nishimura, Julien Sage, Gary Peltz
We developed an in vitro model system where induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) differentiate into 3-dimensional human hepatic organoids (HOs) through stages that resemble human liver during its embryonic development. The HOs consist of hepatocytes, and cholangiocytes, which are organized into epithelia that surround the lumina of bile duct-like structures. The organoids provide a potentially new model for liver regenerative processes, and were used to characterize the effect of different JAG1 mutations that cause: (a) Alagille syndrome (ALGS), a genetic disorder where NOTCH signaling pathway mutations impair bile duct formation, which has substantial variability in its associated clinical features; and (b) Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF), which is the most common form of a complex congenital heart disease, and is associated with several different heritable disorders...
September 7, 2017: JCI Insight
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875879/building-capacity-for-development-and-implementation-of-clinical-practice-guidelines
#16
Q Louw, J M Dizon, K Grimmer, M McCaul, T Kredo, T Young
Robust, reliable and transparent methodologies are necessary to ensure that clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) meet international criteria. In South Africa (SA) and other low- and middle-income countries, upskilling and training of individuals in the processes of CPG development is needed. Since de novo CPG development is time-consuming and expensive, new emerging CPG-development approaches (adopting, contextualising, adapting and updating existing good-quality CPGs) are potentially more appropriate for our context...
August 25, 2017: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873825/exploring-the-perspectives-of-people-who-use-alternative-and-augmentative-communication-aids-aac
#17
Katherine Broomfield, Karen Sage
This paper outlines the clinical doctoral research plan (funded by HEE/NIHR Integrated Clinical Academic Programme) to engage the wide range of people who use alternative and augmentative communication (AAC) to understand the perspectives of users in order to develop a Patient Reported Outcome Measure (PROM) to evaluate equipment and services.
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868302/electrolyte-disturbances-are-associated-with-non-survival-in-dogs-a-multivariable-analysis
#18
Robert Goggs, Sage De Rosa, Daniel J Fletcher
Electrolyte disorders have been individually associated with mortality in small populations of dogs and cats with specific conditions, but the associations and interactions between electrolyte disturbances and outcome have not been evaluated in a large, heterogeneous population. It was hypothesized that abnormalities of sodium, chloride, potassium, and calcium concentrations would be independently and proportionately associated with death from natural causes and with all-cause mortality in dogs. An electronic database containing 33,117 electrolyte profiles was constructed to retrospectively assess the association between disorders of sodium, potassium, corrected chloride, and ionized calcium concentrations with non-survival and with death excluding euthanasia by multivariable modeling...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863089/dexmedetomidine-in-the-picu-can-we-get-more-for-less
#19
Jordan Sage Rettig, John H Arnold
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859630/disability-and-ageing-in-china-and-india-decomposing-the-effects-of-gender-and-residence-results-from-the-who-study-on-global-ageing-and-adult-health-sage
#20
Jennifer Stewart Williams, Fredrik Norström, Nawi Ng
BACKGROUND: China and India are the world's two most populous countries. Although their populations are growing in number and life expectancies are extending they have different trajectories of economic growth, epidemiological transition and social change. Cross-country comparisons can allow national and global insights and provide evidence for policy and decision-making. The aim of this study is to measure and compare disability in men and women, and in urban and rural dwellers in China and India, and assess the extent to which social and other factors contribute to the inequalities...
August 31, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
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