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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818530/recent-developments-in-clinical-trials-of-botulinum-neurotoxins
#1
Antoniangela Cocco, Alberto Albanese
Botulinum neurotoxins (BoNTs) are increasingly used in clinical practice for several indications. Following the pioneering years of discoveries, the recent years have witnessed an increase of new indications and new toxin brands. We review here the clinical trials on BoNTs performed since 2014 and put them into perspective. We also review the ongoing trials listed by the National Institutes of Health registry (Clinicaltrials.gov). The following indications are reviewed here: blepharospasm, cervical dystonia, spasticity, cerebral palsy, urinary incontinence, headache, topical formulations, postoperative cardiac arrhythmia, keloids and scars...
August 14, 2017: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807013/microneedle-physical-contact-as-a-therapeutic-for-abnormal-scars
#2
David C Yeo, Elizabeth R Balmayor, Jan-Thorsten Schantz, Chenjie Xu
BACKGROUND: Abnormal (keloid and hypertrophic) scars are a significant affliction with no satisfactory single modality therapy to-date. Available options are often ineffective, painful, potentially hazardous, and require healthcare personnel involvement. Herein a self-administered microneedle device based on drug-free physical contact for inhibiting abnormal scars is reported. Its therapeutic activity through microneedle contact eliminates hazards associated with toxic anti-scarring drugs while self-treatment enables administration flexibility...
August 14, 2017: European Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803363/evaluation-of-nonablative-fractional-laser-treatment-in-scar-reduction
#3
Hilal Gokalp
Fractional lasers have been used for the improvement of scar tissue in the recent years but there has not been extensive research on their impact. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of nonablative fractional laser (NAFL) on acne, burn, and surgery/traumatic scar. The scars were also categorized as atrophic, hypertrophic, and keloid, and treatment efficacy was investigated accordingly. This is a retrospective, single-center study. Scar tissues were treated using a nonablative fractional 1550-nm Erbium glass laser in high-energy parameters at 4-week interval for 4-8 sessions...
August 12, 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791472/keloid-skin-flap-retention-and-resurfacing-in-facial-keloid-treatment
#4
Shu Liu, Weizhong Liang, Kexin Song, Youbin Wang
OBJECTIVE: Facial keloids commonly occur in young patients. Multiple keloid masses often converge into a large lesion on the face, representing a significant obstacle to keloid mass excision and reconstruction. We describe a new surgical method that excises the keloid mass and resurfaces the wound by saving the keloid skin as a skin flap during facial keloid treatment. METHODS: Forty-five patients with facial keloids were treated in our department between January 2013 and January 2016...
August 8, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771835/skin-collagen-can-be-accurately-quantified-through-noninvasive-optical-method-validation-on-a-swine-study
#5
S-Y Tzeng, T-Y Kuo, S-B Hu, Y-W Chen, Y-L Lin, K-Y Chu, S-H Tseng
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (DRS) is a noninvasive optical technology characterized by relatively low system cost and high efficiency. In our previous study, we quantified the relative concentration of collagen for the individual keloid patient. However, no actual value of collagen concentration can prove the reliability of collagen detection by our DRS system. METHODS: Skin-mimicking phantoms were prepared using different collagen and coffee concentrations, and their chromophore concentrations were quantified using the DRS system to analyze the influence of collagen and other chromophores...
August 3, 2017: Skin Research and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764237/local-injection-of-triamcinolone-acetonide-a-forgotten-aetiology-of-cushing-s-syndrome
#6
Weera Sukhumthammarat, Prapaipan Putthapiban, Chutintorn Sriphrapradang
Many different non systemic corticosteroid administrations can cause iatrogenic Cushing's Syndrome (CS). We herein report a case series of iatrogenic CS from keloid scars treatment and aesthetic regimen called mesotherapy. Our first patient developed CS after having exceeded recommended dose of intralesional injection of Triamcinolone Acetonide (TAC). Second case presented with CS followed by unidentified mesotherapy treatment for local fat reduction. Subcutaneous injections of dexamethasone were found to be the part of mesotherapy regimen in one case...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758907/the-sandwich-therapy-a-microsurgical-integrated-approach-for-presternal-keloid-treatment
#7
Ang Zeng, Kexin Song, Mingzi Zhang, Quancang Men, Youbin Wang, Lin Zhu, Zhifei Liu
BACKGROUND: Keloid therapy remains a great challenge for plastic surgeons, especially when the defect cannot be closed primarily, necessitating tissue transplantation. Here, we introduce a new treatment modality, called the sandwich therapy, for presternal keloids; the sandwich therapy incorporates preradiotherapy, superficial circumflex iliac artery perforator (SCIP) flap transplantation, and postradiotherapy. METHODS: From December 2012 to October 2013, 12 patients received the "sandwich therapy...
September 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740772/relationship-between-keloid-formation-and-yap-taz-signaling
#8
Noriko Aramaki-Hattori, Keisuke Okabe, Mariko Hamada, Tamae Takato, Kazuo Kishi
YAP (yes-associated protein) and TAZ (transcriptional coactivator with PDZ-binding motif) are part of a classical pathway that controls contact inhibition in the Hippo pathway. YAP and TAZ were recently reported to act as nuclear relays of mechanical signals that communicate extracellular matrix rigidity and cell shape. However, the role of YAP/TAZ signaling in keloid formation is unclear. Here, we used immunohistochemistry to investigate YAP/TAZ expression in keloid and nonaffected lesions. YAP/TAZ expression in keloid fibroblasts had a greater tendency to localize to the nucleus relative to that seen in fibroblasts from unaffected tissues...
June 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730611/should-adjuvant-irradiation-to-prevent-keloidal-fibroproliferative-growth-be-standard-of-care
#9
M K Ramirez-Fort, B Meier, A Feily, C S Lange
After cutaneous injury, cytokine mediators recruit an inflammatory infiltrate that stimulates migration of keratinocytes and fibroblasts; subsequent proliferation of fibroblasts and keratinocytes begins 4 to 5 days later [1]. The formation of a keloid is dependent upon fibroblast migration, proliferation and type III collagen production [1]. First{\hyphen}line treatment of keloids involves topical or intralesional steroids. Recurrent or resistant keloids are managed by surgical excision or cryotherapy, followed by steroidal application, that presumably limits inflammation and cellular migration...
July 21, 2017: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726006/microrna-21-in-skin-fibrosis-potential-for-diagnosis-and-treatment
#10
REVIEW
Yan Li, Juan Zhang, Yuying Lei, Lechun Lyu, Ruiling Zuo, Ting Chen
Skin fibrosis is a common pathological process characterized by fibroblast proliferation and excessive deposition of extracellular matrix. However, the pathogenesis of the disease is still not clear. Previous studies have shown that microRNA-21 may play pivotal roles in the regulation of a variety of skin fibrosis, including keloid, scleroderma, and hypertrophic scar. In this review, we outline the structure, expression, and regulation of microRNA-21 and its role in fibrotic skin diseases. In future, it may be useful as a prognostic or diagnostic marker...
July 19, 2017: Molecular Diagnosis & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720118/inhibiting-function-of-human-fetal-dermal-mesenchymal-stem-cells-on-bioactivities-of-keloid-fibroblasts
#11
Ya Jiao, Xiao Wang, Jixun Zhang, Yongjun Qi, Hongmin Gong, Duyin Jiang
BACKGROUND: Keloid is one kind of benign skin disease caused by hyperplasia of fibroblasts and collagen fibrils. It is refractory due to the lack of an effective treatment at present, which puts pressure on seeking a new therapeutic regimen. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) from fetal skin are considered to play a crucial role in scarless healing. Nevertheless, the efficacy of them in keloid disorders remains poorly understood. METHODS: Keloid fibroblasts (KFs), human adult dermal fibroblasts (ADFs), and human fetal dermal mesenchymal stem cells (FDMSCs) were isolated to single cells and cultured in Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium (DMEM)...
July 18, 2017: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690124/microneedling-where-do-we-stand-now-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#12
REVIEW
Lisa Ramaut, Henk Hoeksema, Ali Pirayesh, Filip Stillaert, Stan Monstrey
BACKGROUND: Patients who suffer from scars or wrinkles have several therapeutic options to improve the appearance of their skin. The available treatment modalities that provide desirable results are often overtly invasive and entail a risk of undesirable adverse effects. Microneedling has recently emerged as a non-ablative alternative for treating patients who are concerned with the aesthetic changes that result from injury, disease or ageing. OBJECTIVE: This review aims to evaluate the current evidence in the literature on microneedling...
June 17, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685723/radiation-therapy-in-keloids-treatment-history-strategy-effectiveness-and-complication
#13
REVIEW
Jing Xu, Elan Yang, Nan-Ze Yu, Xiao Long
OBJECTIVE: Radiation therapy combined with surgical excision was considered as one of the most effective treatment plans for keloid lesions. However, there was no unanimity found over present literatures regarding the issue on optimized treatment strategy for keloids. We here provide a comprehensive review over this issue and emphasize on the influencing factors. DATA SOURCES: The data analyzed in this review were searched from articles included in PubMed and EMBASE databases...
July 20, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664654/acne-keloidalis-nuchae-risk-factors-and-associated-disorders-a-retrospective-study
#14
Althea D C East-Innis, Kaderina Stylianou, Alexandra Paolino, Jonathan D Ho
BACKGROUND: Acne keloidalis nuchae (AKN) is a chronic scarring folliculitis which usually occurs in young adult males of African descent. Studies have suggested that AKN may be associated with other dermatologic conditions and even general medical disorders. The aim of this study was to identify cutaneous and extracutaneous associated disorders and to examine risk factors in our population for developing AKN. METHODS: The study was a retrospective, descriptive, and analytical study conducted at the Dermatology Outpatient department of the University Hospital of the West Indies...
August 2017: International Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658462/isotretinoin-and-timing-of-procedural-interventions-a-systematic-review-with-consensus-recommendations
#15
Leah K Spring, Andrew C Krakowski, Murad Alam, Ashish Bhatia, Jeremy Brauer, Joel Cohen, James Q Del Rosso, Lucia Diaz, Jeffrey Dover, Lawrence F Eichenfield, Geoffrey C Gurtner, C William Hanke, Marla N Jahnke, Kristen M Kelly, Shilpi Khetarpal, Megan A Kinney, Moise L Levy, James Leyden, Michael T Longaker, Girish S Munavalli, David M Ozog, Heidi Prather, Peter R Shumaker, Elizabeth Tanzi, Abel Torres, Mara Weinstein Velez, Abigail B Waldman, Albert C Yan, Andrea L Zaenglein
Importance: The notion that systemic isotretinoin taken within 6 to 12 months of cutaneous surgery contributes to abnormal scarring or delayed wound healing is widely taught and practiced; however, it is based on 3 small case series from the mid-1980s. Objective: To evaluate the body of literature to provide evidence-based recommendations regarding the safety of procedural interventions performed either concurrently with, or immediately following the cessation of systemic isotretinoin therapy...
August 1, 2017: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656880/downregulation-of-%C3%AE-catenin-blocks-fibrosis-via-wnt2-signaling-in-human-keloid-fibroblasts
#16
Yumei Cai, Shize Zhu, Weiqun Yang, Mingmeng Pan, Chaoyang Wang, Wenyi Wu
Keloid is a disorder of fibroproliferative diseases that occurs in wounds, characterized by an exaggerated response to injury. The key factor responsible for the disease process has not been identified. This study sought to elucidate the role of β-catenin in the regulation of keloid phenotypes and signaling. Expression of β-catenin in keloid and normal non-keloid samples was measured by real-time polymerase chain reaction. Knockdown of β-catenin was achieved by delivering small interfering RNA to target β-catenin...
June 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648517/-umbilical-endometriosis-mimicking-a-keloid-in-a-young-black-woman-a-case-report
#17
H-S Kourouma, E-J Ecra, A-S Allou, M Kouyaté, Y-I Kouassi, M Kaloga, K-A Kouassi, K Kassi, K Kouamé, C Ahogo, I-P Gbery, A Sangaré
BACKGROUND: Most umbilical tumors are diagnosed as benign tumors, umbilical metastases of abdominal and pelvic tumors, or Sister Marie Joseph nodule. Herein, we report a case of cutaneous umbilical endometriosis mistaken for a keloid. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A young black woman aged 26 consulted for a painful umbilical tumefaction. She had noted the appearance of a nodule of the umbilicus 10 months ago with bleeding during her menstrual periods. Skin examination revealed a firm and painful umbilical nodule 2...
June 22, 2017: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638180/in-situ-cytokine-expression-and-morphometric-evaluation-of-total-collagen-and-collagens-type-i-and-type-iii-in-keloid-scars
#18
Isabela Rios da Silva, Luciana Colombo Rodrigues da Cunha Tiveron, Marcos Vinicius da Silva, Alberto Borges Peixoto, Carla Aparecida Xavier Carneiro, M A Dos Reis, Pedro Carvalho Furtado, Bárbara Rocha Rodrigues, Virmondes Rodrigues, Denise Bertulucci Rocha Rodrigues
Keloids are characterized by excessive collagen deposition and growth beyond the edges of the initial injury, and cytokines may be related to their formation. The objective of this study was to evaluate the collagen fibers, analyze in situ expression of cytokines in keloid lesions, and compare to the control group. Results showed that there was a predominance of women and nonwhite and direct black ancestry. Keloid showed a significant increase in total and type III collagen. Significantly, the expression of mRNA for TGF-β in keloid was increased, the expressions of IFN-γ, IFN-γR1, and IL-10 were lower, and IFN-γR1 and TNF-α had no statistical difference...
2017: Mediators of Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621443/noninvasive-treatment-of-keloid-using-customized-re-188-skin-patch
#19
Priya Bhusari, Jaya Shukla, Munish Kumar, Rakhee Vatsa, Anupriya Chhabra, Kanchan Palarwar, Yogesh Rathore, Dipanker De, Sendhil Kumaran, Sanjeev Handa, B R Mittal
Keloids are developed as fibrotic scar at the site of surgery or trauma and often enlarge beyond the original scar margins. Re-188 colloid coated customized patch was superficially fixed onto the lesion for 3 hrs. The same patch was reapplied on the lesion on third day for 3 hrs. The patients were followed up at 1, 3,6 and 12 months post treatment. The size and elevation of the keloid lesion was reduced after treatment. The total radiation dose from the patch (day-1 and day-3) was 100 Gy/mCi of Re-188. The radioactive patch treatment of keloids is noninvasive, painless and safe with prolonged outcome...
June 16, 2017: Dermatologic Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619509/mir-141-3p-inhibits-fibroblast-proliferation-and-migration-by-targeting-gab1-in-keloids
#20
Jingjuan Feng, Siliang Xue, Qiuyu Pang, Zhen Rang, Fan Cui
Keloids are benign dermal fibroproliferative tumors that develop as a result of several dysregulated processes. Emerging evidence has revealed that miRNAs contribute to keloid formation. However, the molecular mechanisms of keloid pathogenesis remain unclear. In our study, we found that miR-141-3p in keloid tissues and keloid fibroblasts was significantly decreased compared with the levels in normal tissues and normal skin fibroblasts, respectively. miR-141-3p overexpression resulted in significantly decreased proliferation and migration and the promotion of apoptosis in keloid fibroblasts, whereas miR-141-3p knockdown in keloid fibroblasts yielded the opposite results...
August 19, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
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