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Akshay Gopinathan Nair, Hemal Kenia, Indumati Gopinathan, Siddharth V Mehta, Vinod C Mehta
A 56-year-old male patient presented with a slow-growing, elevated, smooth, white corneal mass. The mass was excised by performing an alcohol-assisted keratoepitheliectomy and sent for histopathological examination. Subepithelially, closely packed spindle cells in "feather-stitched" or storiform pattern were seen. Immunohistochemically, the cells stained negatively for CD-34 and S-100 and focal positivity was seen for vimentin. Based on the morphology and immunochemical staining, a diagnosis of corneal fibroma was made...
May 2018: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
Pei-Yuan Su
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to compare the success rates of endoscopic endonasal dacryocystorhinostomy (EN-DCR) and external DCR (EX-DCR) for the treatment of primary acquired nasolacrimal duct obstruction (PANLDO). DESIGN: This was a retrospective, comparative, nonrandomized clinical study. METHODS: Reviewed medical records of PANLDO underwent DCR at Far-Eastern Memorial Hospital from May 2011 to June 2017. Data regarding the lacrimal passage system, comorbidities, surgical outcomes, and postoperative complications were analyzed...
January 2018: Taiwan Journal of Ophthalmology
Tae Hwan Park, Jang Won Lee, Chan Woo Kim
BACKGROUND: Generally, the recurrence rate of keloids is unacceptably high after surgical excision alone. Nevertheless, surgical reduction of keloids is inevitable in many cases. The reconstruction of extensive soft tissue defects following complete keloid resection is challenging to surgeons. In this study, we present our clinical experience using a novel fortune cookie flap for treating chest keloids. This flap provides an excellent surgical option that maintains natural appearance with minimal donor-site morbidity...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Fiona N Kenny, Zoe Drymoussi, Robin Delaine-Smith, Alexander P Kao, Ana Catarina Laly, Martin M Knight, Michael P Philpott, John T Connelly
Tissue biomechanics regulate a wide range of cellular functions, but the influences on epidermal homeostasis and repair remain unclear. Here, we examined the role of extracellular matrix stiffness on human keratinocyte behavior using elastomeric substrates with defined mechanical properties. Increased matrix stiffness beyond normal physiologic levels promoted keratinocyte proliferation but did not alter the ability to self-renew or terminally differentiate. Activation of epidermal growth factor (EGF) signaling mediated the proliferative response to matrix stiffness and depended on focal adhesion assembly and cytoskeletal tension...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Cell Science
J H Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: British Journal of Dermatology
Charles Mignon, Natallia E Uzunbajakava, Irene Castellano-Pellicena, Natalia V Botchkareva, Desmond J Tobin
BACKGROUND OBJECTIVES: The past decade has witnessed a rapid expansion of photobiomodulation (PBM), demonstrating encouraging results for the treatment of cutaneous disorders. Confidence in this approach, however, is impaired not only by a lack of understanding of the light-triggered molecular cascades but also by the significant inconsistency in published experimental outcomes, design of the studies and applied optical parameters. This study aimed at characterizing the response of human dermal fibroblast subpopulations to visible and near-infrared (NIR) light in an attempt to identify the optical treatment parameters with high potential to address deficits in aging skin and non-healing chronic wounds...
April 17, 2018: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
Ehab Zaki Azzam, Salma Samir Omar
BACKGROUND: Surgical excision alone for auricular keloids is frequently followed by recurrence making combining treatment options necessary. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to assess the long-term efficacy of combining surgical excision, cryosurgery, and platelet-rich plasma (PRP) in treatment of auricular keloids. METHODS: This interventional study was carried out on fifty auricular keloids in 50 patients. Patients were subjected to a combination therapy of surgical excision of the keloids, intraoperative cryosurgery, and PRP injections...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
Alice Costantini, Carina Wallgren-Pettersson, Outi Mäkitie
Frontometaphyseal dysplasia 2 (FMD2) is a skeletal dysplasia with supraorbital hyperostosis combined with undermodeling of the bones, joint contractures and some extraskeletal features. It is caused by heterozygous mutations in MAP3K7, encoding the Mitogen-Activated Protein 3-Kinase 7. MAP3K7 is activated by TGF-β and plays an important role in osteogenesis. Less than 20 patients with FMD2 and MAP3K7 mutations have been described thus far. The majority of the patients harbor a recurrent missense mutation, NM_003188...
April 13, 2018: European Journal of Medical Genetics
Roberto Cotellese, Shu Hu, Gianni Belcaro, Andrea Ledda, Beatrice Feragalli, Mark Dugall, Morio Hosoi, Edmondo Ippolito
BACKGROUND: Formation of scars after surgical incisions requires the proper appositions of elements contributing to the scarring process. The structural rebuilding of damaged tissues is essential in producing a linear scar. The excess of blood, foreign particles, exuberant sutures, necrotic tissue, possible infective agents, as well as the ongoing inflammatory process may produce a non-linear, sometimes painful keloidal scar. Centella asiatica (CA) extracts have been used topically since ancient times for preventing keloids (i...
April 2018: Minerva Chirurgica
Ji Min Kim, Hyun Jun Cho, Suk-Ho Moon
Dermatofibromas most commonly occur on limbs and rarely occur on the face. Dermatofibroma occurring on the face is associated with unusual clinicopathologic features and a more aggressive clinical course in comparison to typical cases. Additionally, the most common subtype found in previous studies was benign fibrous histiocytoma, with the keloid type being very rare (about 1% of reported cases). The aim of this study was to present our experience with a keloidal dermatofibroma of the face, which is usually missed clinically, and to discuss the treatment of a keloidal dermatofibroma in this location...
March 2018: Archives of Craniofacial Surgery
JiaDe Yu, Melinda V Jen, Albert C Yan, Rosalie Elenitsas, Adam I Rubin
Angiomatoid and desmoplastic Spitz nevi are rare histologic variants of Spitz nevi that present most frequently on the extremities of children and young adults. Although Spitz nevi are clinically heterogeneous, one presenting as a keloidal nodule has not been previously published. We present a case of an angiomatoid and desmoplastic Spitz nevus clinically akin to a keloid on an African-American teenager and describe its unique histopathologic features.
March 26, 2018: Pediatric Dermatology
Ji Hee Kim, Jong Ju Jeong, Young In Lee, Won Jai Lee, Chorok Lee, Woong Youn Chung, Kee-Hyun Nam, Ju Hee Lee
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Polynucleotide (PN) provides a structural scaffold to induce anti-inflammatory and enhanced wound healing properties, and this study aimed to assess the efficacy of PN administration in the prevention of post-operative scars after conventional open total thyroidectomy. STUDY DESIGN MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-two patients with thyroid carcinoma who underwent total thyroidectomy were randomly assigned to the study (PN administration) or control (normal saline) group...
March 25, 2018: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
RongTao Hao, ZongChao Li, Xing Chen, Wei Ye
BACKGROUND: Clinical observations indicate that Botulinum toxin type A (BTXA) can inhibit the growth and improve the eventual appearance of hypertrophic scarring. However, the molecular mechanism remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: We used human keloid fibroblasts to investigate the molecular mechanism of BTXA on hypertrophic scarring. METHODS: Different concentrations of BTXA (0.01, 0.1, 1, and 10 U/L) were used to treat keloid fibroblasts. Changes in cellular morphology, viability, proliferation, cell cycle, and apoptosis were observed by immunofluorescence, MTT assay, and flow cytometry...
March 23, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
Bruna De Felice, Francesco Manfellotto, Corrado Garbi, Margherita Santoriello, Massimo Nacca
Keloids are benign skin tumors that develop in individuals who have a positive family history of keloid disorders. Keloids are characterized by a deregulated wound‑healing process, atypical fibroblasts with extreme deposition of extracellular matrix components, particularly collagen, increased cell proliferation and associated failure of apoptosis. Recently ingenol‑mebutate has been used as a novel agent with anti‑proliferative activity on human keloids as an alternative treatment option in patients, once conventional therapies have failed...
March 15, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
Chao-Kai Hsu, Hsi-Hui Lin, Hans I-Chen Harn, Michael W Hughes, Ming-Jer Tang, Chao-Chun Yang
Mechanical forces are known to regulate homeostasis of the skin and play a role in the pathogenesis of skin diseases. The epidermis consists of keratinocytes that are tightly adhered to each other by cell junctions. Defects in keratins or desmosomal/hemidesmosomal proteins lead to the attenuation of mechanical strength and formation of intraepidermal blisters in the case of epidermolysis bullosa simplex. The dermis is rich in extracellular matrix, especially collagen, and provides the majority of tensile force in the skin...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Dermatological Science
Garrett T Prince, Michael C Cameron, Ramin Fathi, Theodore Alkousakis
INTRODUCTION: 5-fluorouracil has proven to be an effective therapy in the treatment of a variety of dermatologic conditions. Approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration for the topical treatment of actinic keratoses and superficial basal cell carcinoma, 5-fluorouracil has also demonstrated efficacy in the treatment of a variety of other dermatologic diseases. While best known for its use as a topical medication, 5-fluorouracil can also be delivered intralesionally for the treatment of dermatologic disease...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
Farrukh Aslam Khalid, Usman Khalid Farooq, Muhammad Saleem, Jibran Rabbani, Muhammad Amin, Kamal Uddin Khan, Younas Mehrose, Moazzam N Tarar
BACKGROUND: The ear is the common site for keloid formation especially in women after ear piercing. Surgery is the main stay of treatment in these lesions but there are large numbers of treatment failures in surgery alone. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to compare the efficacy of post-excision intralesional 5-fluorouracil/triamcinolone acetonide (5-FU/TAC) and post-excision radiotherapy in the treatment of ear keloids. STUDY DESIGN: A randomized controlled trial...
March 10, 2018: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
Ying Liu, Lihong Ren, Wenjing Liu, Zhibo Xiao
MiR-21 has been found to be up-regulated in keloid tissue and affect the proliferation and apoptosis of keloid fibroblasts. However, the possible related mechanisms remain unclear. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the role of miR-21 in FasL-induced caspase-8 activation and mitochondrial-mediated apoptotic signaling pathway in keloid fibroblasts. According to the present study, the protein level of FasL was decreased by miR-21 overexpression, while enhanced by miR-21 inhibition in keloid fibroblasts. Subsequently, the mitochondrial-mediated apoptosis of keloid fibroblasts was restrained by miR-21 overexpression as evidenced by enhanced mitochondria membrane potential and decreased production of mitochondrial ROS...
March 10, 2018: Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Biochimie et Biologie Cellulaire
Meng-Zhu Lu, Qian-Qian Ang, Xiang Zhang, Lan-Fang Zhang, Xiu-Hua Yao, Hong Lv, Xiao-Dong Zheng, Wen-Sheng Lu
A keloid is the process of skin healing, collagen synthesis and metabolism of the loss of normal control in a sustained hyperactive state, resulting in excessive proliferation of collagen fibers. A large-scale genome-wide association study (GWAS) has identified multiple single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the 3q22.3 loci that are associated with keloids in a Japanese population. However, the associations of SNPs in 3q22.3 with keloids were not confirmed in a selected Chinese population by a replication study...
2018: American Journal of Translational Research
Z-Y Chen, X-F Yu, J-Q Huang, D-L Li
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of β-catenin siRNA on proliferation and apoptosis of keloid fibroblast cell. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and Western blot were performed to monitor the mRNA and protein expression levels of β-catenin in pathological scar tissue and adjacent normal tissue. Human keloid fibroblast cells (KFB) were isolated from the keloid's tissue by enzyme digestion assay and identified by immunocytochemistry assay...
February 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
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