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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726110/supplementation-of-selenium-vitamin-e-chromium-and-betaine-above-recommended-levels-improves-lactating-performance-of-sows-over-summer
#1
Fan Liu, Jeremy James Cottrell, Cherie Louise Collins, David James Henman, Kirrily Sharon Beatrice O'Halloran, Frank Rowland Dunshea
Heat stress (HS) exacerbates the body weight loss of lactating sows and reduces litter weight gain. Selenium (Se), vitamin E (VE), chromium (Cr) and betaine have been shown to ameliorate symptoms of HS, and yeast nucleotides and mannan oligosaccharides have been reported to improve lactational performance and immune response in pigs. Therefore, a combination of these nutrients may improve lactational performance of sows in summer. The effects of two nutritionally enhanced diets on lactational performance of sows in summer were investigated in two experiments...
July 19, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724755/trim33-tif1-%C3%AE-is-essential-for-macrophage-and-neutrophil-mobilisation-to-developmental-or-inflammatory-cues
#2
Doris Lou Demy, Muriel Tauzin, Mylène Lancino, Véronique le Cabec, Michael Redd, Emi Murayama, Isabelle Maridonneau-Parini, Nikolaus Trede, Philippe Herbomel
Macrophages infiltrate and establish in developing organs from an early stage, often before these have become vascularised. Similarly, leukocytes in general can quickly migrate through tissues to any site of wounding. This unique capacity is rooted in their characteristic amoeboid motility, the genetic basis of which is poorly known. Trim33 (Tif1-γ), a nuclear protein that associates with specific DNA binding transcription factors to modulate gene expression, has been found mainly involved in hematopoiesis and gene regulation by TGF-ß...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Cell Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722774/-promoting-continuity-of-care-specialist-nurses-role-experiences-in-gynaecological-oncology-a-qualitative-study
#3
Andrea Kobleder, Hanna Mayer, Larissa Gehrig, Beate Senn
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To investigate the experiences of specialist nurses in Switzerland concerning their role of caring for women with gynaecological cancer. BACKGROUND: Women with gynaecological cancer often face complex situations, which require an integrative and quality-assured approach by the healthcare system. Specialist nurses can play an important role in supporting these patients. However, in countries where the role of specialist nurses is at a developmental stage, their role lacks clarity...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722551/promoting-research-to-improve-maternal-neonatal-infant-and-adolescent-health-in-west-africa-the-role-of-the-west-african-health-organisation
#4
Issiaka Sombie, Aissa Bouwayé, Yves Mongbo, Namoudou Keita, Virgil Lokossou, Ermel Johnson, Laurent Assogba, Xavier Crespin
West Africa has adopted numerous strategies to counter maternal and infant mortality, provides national maternal and infant health programmes, and hosts many active technical and financial partners and non-governmental organisations. Despite this, maternal and infant morbidity and mortality indicators are still very high. In this commentary, internal actors and officials of the West African Health Organisation (WAHO) examine the regional organisation's role in promoting research as a tool for strengthening maternal and infant health in West Africa...
July 12, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721199/evidence-informed-capacity-building-for-setting-health-priorities-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-framework-and-recommendations-for-further-research
#5
Ryan Li, Francis Ruiz, Anthony J Culyer, Kalipso Chalkidou, Karen J Hofman
Priority-setting in health is risky and challenging, particularly in resource-constrained settings. It is not simply a narrow technical exercise, and involves the mobilisation of a wide range of capacities among stakeholders - not only the technical capacity to "do" research in economic evaluations. Using the Individuals, Nodes, Networks and Environment (INNE) framework, we identify those stakeholders, whose capacity needs will vary along the evidence-to-policy continuum. Policymakers and healthcare managers require the capacity to commission and use relevant evidence (including evidence of clinical and cost-effectiveness, and of social values); academics need to understand and respond to decision-makers' needs to produce relevant research...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716351/effect-of-provision-of-home-based-curative-health-services-by-public-sector-health-care-providers-on-neonatal-survival-a-community-based-cluster-randomised-trial-in-rural-pakistan
#6
Sajid Soofi, Simon Cousens, Ali Turab, Yaqub Wasan, Shah Mohammed, Shabina Ariff, Zaid Bhatti, Imran Ahmed, Steve Wall, Zulfiqar A Bhutta
BACKGROUND: Although the effectiveness of community mobilisation and promotive care delivered by community health workers in reducing perinatal and neonatal mortality is well established, evidence in support of home-based neonatal resuscitation and infection management is mixed. We assessed the effectiveness of adding training in neonatal bag and mask resuscitation and oral antibiotic therapy for suspected neonatal infections to a basic preventive and promotive interventions package delivered by public sector community-based lady health workers (LHWs) in rural Pakistan...
August 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716143/the-factors-affecting-the-institutionalisation-of-two-policy-units-in-burkina-faso-s-health-system-a-case-study
#7
Andre Zida, John N Lavis, Nelson K Sewankambo, Bocar Kouyate, Kaelan Moat
BACKGROUND: This paper is one of three linked studies that attempts to understand the process of institutionalisation of policy units within Burkina Faso's health system. It examines the relationships between the existence of an institutional framework, data production capacity and other resource availability in the institutionalisation of policy units in health systems. It therefore contributes to our understanding of the dynamics linking the key drivers and indicators of institutionalisation...
July 17, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715931/understanding-and-acting-on-the-developmental-origins-of-health-and-disease-in-africa-would-improve-health-across-generations
#8
Shane A Norris, Abdallah Daar, Dorairajan Balasubramanian, Peter Byass, Elizabeth Kimani-Murage, Andrew Macnab, Christoff Pauw, Atul Singhal, Chittaranjan Yajnik, James Akazili, Naomi Levitt, Jihene Maatoug, Nolwazi Mkhwanazi, Sophie E Moore, Moffat Nyirenda, Juliet R C Pulliam, Tamsen Rochat, Rihlat Said-Mohamed, Soraya Seedat, Eugene Sobngwi, Mark Tomlinson, Elona Toska, Cari van Schalkwyk
Data from many high- and low- or middle-income countries have linked exposures during key developmental periods (in particular pregnancy and infancy) to later health and disease. Africa faces substantial challenges with persisting infectious disease and now burgeoning non-communicable disease.This paper opens the debate to the value of strengthening the developmental origins of health and disease (DOHaD) research focus in Africa to tackle critical public health challenges across the life-course. We argue that the application of DOHaD science in Africa to advance life-course prevention programmes can aid the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals, and assist in improving health across generations...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704008/-can-mobilization-preserve-the-elderly-hospitalized-from-functional-decline
#9
Marie Méan, Christophe Bula, Gérard Waeber
Up to 65% of older adults who walk independently will lose this capacity during a hospital stay. In older adults, loss of walking independence increases the length of hospital stay, the need for rehabilitation services and for institutionalization, as well as the risk of falls (during hospital stay and after discharge) and the risk of death. Bed rest or limited walking during a hospital stay causes deconditioning and is one of the primary risk factors for loss of independence and adverse outcome in hospitalized older adults...
January 25, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699570/camino-verde-the-green-way-evidence-based-community-mobilisation-for-dengue-control-in-nicaragua-and-mexico-feasibility-study-and-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#10
Neil Andersson, Jorge Arostegui, Elizabeth Nava-Aguilera, Eva Harris, Robert J Ledogar
BACKGROUND: Since the Aedes aegypti mosquitoes that transmit dengue virus can breed in clean water, WHO-endorsed vector control strategies place sachets of organophosphate pesticide, temephos (Abate), in household water storage containers. These and other pesticide-dependent approaches have failed to curb the spread of dengue and multiple dengue virus serotypes continue to spread throughout tropical and subtropical regions worldwide. A feasibility study in Managua, Nicaragua, generated instruments, intervention protocols, training schedules and impact assessment tools for a cluster randomised controlled trial of community-based approaches to vector control comprising an alternative strategy for dengue prevention and control in Nicaragua and Mexico...
May 30, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699565/household-costs-of-dengue-illness-secondary-outcomes-from-a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-dengue-prevention-in-guerrero-state-mexico
#11
José Legorreta-Soberanis, Sergio Paredes-Solís, Arcadio Morales-Pérez, Elizabeth Nava-Aguilera, Felipe René Serrano-de Los Santos, Diana Lisseth Dimas-Garcia, Robert J Ledogar, Anne Cockcroft, Neil Andersson
BACKGROUND: Dengue is a serious public health problem with an important economic impact. This study used data from a cluster randomised controlled trial of community mobilisation for dengue prevention to estimate the household costs of treatment of dengue illness. It examined the economic impact of the trial intervention in the three coastal regions of Mexico's Guerrero State. METHODS: The 2010 baseline survey covered households in a random sample of 90 clusters in the coastal regions; the clusters were randomly allocated to intervention or control and re-surveyed in 2012...
May 30, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699562/which-green-way-description-of-the-intervention-for-mobilising-against-aedes-aegypti-under-difficult-security-conditions-in-southern-mexico
#12
REVIEW
Arcadio Morales-Perez, Elizabeth Nava-Aguilera, José Legorreta-Soberanis, Sergio Paredes-Solís, Alejandro Balanzar-Martínez, Felipe René Serrano-de Los Santos, Claudia Erika Ríos-Rivera, Jaime García-Leyva, Robert J Ledogar, Anne Cockcroft, Neil Andersson
BACKGROUND: Community mobilisation for prevention requires engagement with and buy in from those communities. In the Mexico state of Guerrero, unprecedented social violence related to the narcotics trade has eroded most community structures. A recent randomised controlled trial in 90 coastal communities achieved sufficient mobilisation to reduce conventional vector density indicators, self-reported dengue illness and serologically proved dengue virus infection. METHODS: The Camino Verde intervention was a participatory research protocol promoting local discussion of baseline evidence and co-design of vector control solutions...
May 30, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699561/mobilising-communities-for-aedes-aegypti-control-the-sepa-approach
#13
REVIEW
Robert J Ledogar, Jorge Arosteguí, Carlos Hernández-Alvarez, Arcadio Morales-Perez, Elizabeth Nava-Aguilera, José Legorreta-Soberanis, Harold Suazo-Laguna, Alejandro Belli, Jorge Laucirica, Josefina Coloma, Eva Harris, Neil Andersson
Camino Verde (the Green Way) is an evidence-based community mobilisation tool for prevention of dengue and other mosquito-borne viral diseases. Its effectiveness was demonstrated in a cluster-randomised controlled trial conducted in 2010-2013 in Nicaragua and Mexico. The common approach that brought functional consistency to the Camino Verde intervention in both Mexico and Nicaragua is Socialisation of Evidence for Participatory Action (SEPA). In this article, we explain the SEPA concept and its theoretical origins, giving examples of its previous application in different countries and contexts...
May 30, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699560/dengue-occurrence-relations-and-serology-cross-sectional-analysis-of-results-from-the-guerrero-state-mexico-baseline-for-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-of-community-mobilisation-for-dengue-prevention
#14
Elizabeth Nava-Aguilera, Arcadio Morales-Pérez, Alejandro Balanzar-Martínez, Ofelia Rodríguez-Ramírez, Abel Jiménez-Alejo, Miguel Flores-Moreno, David Gasga-Salinas, José Legorreta-Soberanis, Sergio Paredes-Solís, Pedro Antonio Morales-Nava, María de Lourdes Soto-Ríos, Robert J Ledogar, Joséfina Coloma, Eva Harris, Neil Andersson
BACKGROUND: The Mexican arm of the Camino Verde trial of community mobilisation for dengue prevention covered three coastal regions of Guerrero state: Acapulco, Costa Grande and Costa Chica. A baseline cross-sectional survey provided data for community mobilisation and for adapting the intervention design to concrete conditions in the intervention areas. METHODS: Trained field teams constructed community profiles in randomly selected clusters, based on observation and key informant interviews...
May 30, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699559/aedes-aegypti-breeding-ecology-in-guerrero-cross-sectional-study-of-mosquito-breeding-sites-from-the-baseline-for-the-camino-verde-trial-in-mexico
#15
Arcadio Morales-Pérez, Elizabeth Nava-Aguilera, Alejandro Balanzar-Martínez, Antonio Juan Cortés-Guzmán, David Gasga-Salinas, Irma Esther Rodríguez-Ramos, Alba Meneses-Rentería, Sergio Paredes-Solís, José Legorreta-Soberanis, Felipe Gil Armendariz-Valle, Robert J Ledogar, Anne Cockcroft, Neil Andersson
BACKGROUND: Understanding the breeding patterns of Aedes aegypti in households and the factors associated with infestation are important for implementing vector control. The baseline survey of a cluster randomised controlled trial of community mobilisation for dengue prevention in Mexico and Nicaragua collected information about the containers that are the main breeding sites, identified possible actions to reduce breeding, and examined factors associated with household infestation. This paper describes findings from the Mexican arm of the baseline survey...
May 30, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699558/beyond-efficacy-in-water-containers-temephos-and-household-entomological-indices-in-six-studies-between-2005-and-2013-in-managua-nicaragua
#16
Jorge Arosteguí, Josefina Coloma, Carlos Hernández-Alvarez, Harold Suazo-Laguna, Angel Balmaseda, Eva Harris, Neil Andersson, Robert J Ledogar
BACKGROUND: A cluster-randomized controlled trial of community mobilisation for dengue prevention in Mexico and Nicaragua reported, as a secondary finding, a higher risk of dengue virus infection in households where inspectors found temephos in water containers. Data from control sites in the preceding pilot study and the Nicaragua trial arm provided six time points (2005, 2006, 2007 and 2011, 2012, 2013) to examine potentially protective effects of temephos on entomological indices under every day conditions of the national vector control programme...
May 30, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699557/-where-we-put-little-fish-in-the-water-there-are-no-mosquitoes-a-cross-sectional-study-on-biological-control-of-the-aedes-aegypti-vector-in-90-coastal-region-communities-of-guerrero-mexico
#17
Arcadio Morales-Pérez, Elizabeth Nava-Aguilera, José Legorreta-Soberanis, Antonio Juan Cortés-Guzmán, Alejandro Balanzar-Martínez, Eva Harris, Josefina Coloma, Víctor M Alvarado-Castro, Mónica Violeta Bonilla-Leon, Liliana Morales-Nava, Robert J Ledogar, Anne Cockcroft, Neil Andersson
BACKGROUND: In the Mexican state of Guerrero, some households place fish in water storage containers to prevent the development of mosquito larvae. Studies have shown that larvivorous fish reduce larva count in household water containers, but there is a lack of evidence about whether the use of fish is associated with a reduction in dengue virus infection. We used data from the follow up survey of the Camino Verde cluster randomised controlled trial of community mobilisation to reduce dengue risk to study this association...
May 30, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699555/pupal-productivity-in-rainy-and-dry-seasons-findings-from-the-impact-survey-of-a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-dengue-prevention-in-guerrero-mexico
#18
Abel Jiménez-Alejo, Arcadio Morales-Pérez, Elizabeth Nava-Aguilera, Miguel Flores-Moreno, Sinahí Apreza-Aguilar, Wilhelm Carranza-Alcaraz, Antonio Juan Cortés-Guzmán, Ildefonso Fernández-Salas, Robert J Ledogar, Anne Cockcroft, Neil Andersson
BACKGROUND: The follow-up survey of a cluster-randomised controlled trial of evidence-based community mobilisation for dengue control in Nicaragua and Mexico included entomological information from the 2012 rainy and dry seasons. We used data from the Mexican arm of the trial to assess the impact of the community action on pupal production of the dengue vector Aedes aegypti in both rainy and dry seasons. METHODS: Trained field workers inspected household water containers in 90 clusters and collected any pupae or larvae present for entomological examination...
May 30, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699554/coverage-and-beliefs-about-temephos-application-for-control-of-dengue-vectors-and-impact-of-a-community-based-prevention-intervention-secondary-analysis-from-the-camino-verde-trial-in-mexico
#19
José Legorreta-Soberanis, Sergio Paredes-Solís, Arcadio Morales-Pérez, Elizabeth Nava-Aguilera, Felipé René Serrano de Los Santos, Belén Madeline Sánchez-Gervacio, Robert J Ledogar, Anne Cockcroft, Neil Andersson
BACKGROUND: Temephos in domestic water containers remains a mainstay of Latin American government programmes for control of Aedes aegypti and associated illnesses, including dengue. There is little published evidence about coverage of routine temephos programmes. A cluster randomised controlled trial of community mobilisation in Mexico and Nicaragua reduced vector indices, dengue infection, and clinical dengue cases. Secondary analysis from the Mexican arm of the trial examined temephos coverage and beliefs, and the impact of the trial on these outcomes...
May 30, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699552/assessing-the-effects-of-interventions-for-aedes-aegypti-control-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-cluster-randomised-controlled-trials
#20
Víctor Alvarado-Castro, Sergio Paredes-Solís, Elizabeth Nava-Aguilera, Arcadio Morales-Pérez, Lidia Alarcón-Morales, Norma Alejandra Balderas-Vargas, Neil Andersson
BACKGROUND: The Aedes aegypti mosquito is the vector for dengue fever, yellow fever, chikungunya, and zika viruses. Inadequate vector control has contributed to persistence and increase of these diseases. This review assesses the evidence of effectiveness of different control measures in reducing Aedes aegypti proliferation, using standard entomological indices. METHODS: A systematic search of Medline, Ovid, BVS, LILACS, ARTEMISA, IMBIOMED and MEDIGRAPHIC databases identified cluster randomised controlled trials (CRCTs) of interventions to control Aedes aegypti published between January 2003 and October 2016...
May 30, 2017: BMC Public Health
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