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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224585/long-term-implications-of-feed-energy-source-in-different-genetic-types-of-reproductive-rabbit-females-i-resource-acquisition-and-allocation
#1
A Arnau-Bonachera, C Cervera, E Blas, T Larsen, E Martínez-Paredes, L Ródenas, J J Pascual
To achieve functional but also productive females, we hypothesised that it is possible to modulate acquisition and allocation of animals from different genetic types by varying the main energy source of the diet. To test this hypothesis, we used 203 rabbit females belonging to three genetic types: H (n=66), a maternal line characterised by hyper-prolificacy; LP (n=67), a maternal line characterised by functional hyper-longevity; R (n=79), a paternal line characterised by growth rate. Females were fed with two isoenergetic and isoprotein diets differing in energy source: animal fat (AF) enhancing milk yield; cereal starch (CS) promoting body reserves recovery...
December 11, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208442/defining-a-global-research-and-policy-agenda-for-betel-quid-and-areca-nut
#2
REVIEW
Hedieh Mehrtash, Kalina Duncan, Mark Parascandola, Annette David, Ellen R Gritz, Prakash C Gupta, Ravi Mehrotra, Amer Siddiq Amer Nordin, Paul C Pearlman, Saman Warnakulasuriya, Chi-Pang Wen, Rosnah Binti Zain, Edward L Trimble
Betel quid and areca nut are known risk factors for many oral and oesophageal cancers, and their use is highly prevalent in the Asia-Pacific region. Additionally, betel quid and areca nut are associated with health effects on the cardiovascular, nervous, gastrointestinal, metabolic, respiratory, and reproductive systems. Unlike tobacco, for which the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control provides evidence-based policies for reducing tobacco use, no global policy exists for the control of betel quid and areca nut use...
December 2017: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191820/monocyte-alterations-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-are-dominated-by-preterm-release-from-bone-marrow-and-prominent-triggering-in-the-joint
#3
Biljana Smiljanovic, Anna Radzikowska, Ewa Kuca-Warnawin, Weronika Kurowska, Joachim R Grün, Bruno Stuhlmüller, Marc Bonin, Ursula Schulte-Wrede, Till Sörensen, Chieko Kyogoku, Anne Bruns, Sandra Hermann, Sarah Ohrndorf, Karlfried Aupperle, Marina Backhaus, Gerd R Burmester, Andreas Radbruch, Andreas Grützkau, Wlodzimierz Maslinski, Thomas Häupl
OBJECTIVE: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) accompanies infiltration and activation of monocytes in inflamed joints. We investigated dominant alterations of RA monocytes in bone marrow (BM), blood and inflamed joints. METHODS: CD14+ cells from BM and peripheral blood (PB) of patients with RA and osteoarthritis (OA) were profiled with GeneChip microarrays. Detailed functional analysis was performed with reference transcriptomes of BM precursors, monocyte blood subsets, monocyte activation and mobilisation...
November 30, 2017: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180933/implementation-of-an-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-eras-protocol-in-a-gynaecology-department-the-follow-up-at-1-year
#4
Tomasz Nikodemski, Agnieszka Biskup, Aleksandra Taszarek, Małgorzata Albin, Anita Chudecka-Głaz, Aneta Cymbaluk-Płoska, Janusz Menkiszak
Aim of the study: An ERAS protocol provides the latest perioperative care principles, whose primary aim is to reduce complication rates, and therefore mortality. The aim of this study is to establish the progress of the ERAS pathway implementation in our gynaecology department. Material and methods: This was a retrospective analysis of two sets of 100 consecutive medical records: patients treated before (PRE-ERAS) and after (ERAS) introduction of the ERAS protocol...
2017: Contemporary Oncology Współczesna Onkologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164294/a-novel-technique-of-paravertebral-thoracic-and-preperitoneal-analgesia-enhances-early-recovery-after-oesophagectomy
#5
Stephanie Phillips, Jasmina Dedic-Hagan, d'Arcy Ferris Baxter, H Van der Wall, G L Falk
BACKGROUND: Excellent analgesia following oesophagectomy facilitates patient comfort, early extubation, physiotherapy and mobilisation, reduces post-operative complications and should enhance recovery. Thoracic epidural analgesia (TEA), the gold standard analgesic regimen for this procedure, is often associated with systemic hypotension treated with inotropes or fluid. This may compromise enhanced recovery and be complicated by anastomotic ischaemia or tissue oedema. METHODS: We report a novel analgesic regimen to reduce post-operative inotrope usage...
November 21, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123562/the-role-of-occupational-and-physiotherapy-in-multi-modal-approach-to-tackling-delirium-in-the-intensive-care
#6
REVIEW
Jenny Rains, Nigel Chee
The presence of delirium within critical care remains a long-standing challenge for patients and clinicians alike. A myriad of pre-disposing and precipitating factors lead to this patient cohort being high risk for developing delirium during their critical care stay. Until now, non-pharmacological management of these patients usually encompasses a 'bundle' of principles to reduce delirium days. These bundles have limited focus on the entire multi-disciplinary team (including occupational therapists and physiotherapists) who could assist with the reduction of delirium...
November 2017: Journal of the Intensive Care Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112542/european-guidelines-on-perioperative-venous-thromboembolism-prophylaxis-neurosurgery
#7
David Faraoni, Raquel Ferrandis, William Geerts, Matthew D Wiles
: Although there are numerous publications addressing venous thromboembolism and its prevention in neurosurgery, there are relatively few high-quality studies to guide decisions regarding thromboprophylaxis. In patients undergoing craniotomy, we recommend that if intermittent pneumatic compression (IPC) is used, it should be applied before the surgical procedure or on admission (Grade 1C). In craniotomy patients at particularly high risk for venous thromboembolism, we suggest considering the initiation of mechanical thromboprophylaxis with IPC preoperatively with addition of low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) postoperatively when the risk of bleeding is presumed to be decreased (Grade 2C)...
November 6, 2017: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102436/a-comfortable-solution-to-tracheal-anastomosis-protection-tracheal-retention-sutures
#8
Sami Karapolat, Atila Turkyilmaz, Kubra Nur Seyis, Celal Tekinbas
Fixation of the chin to the anterior chest wall is the most commonly used method of reducing anastomotic tension following a segmental resection of the trachea and reconstruction with primary anastomosis. However, the sutures required for this method may lead to various organic and psychological problems. In five patients who underwent tracheal resection and primary anastomosis, retention sutures were placed on the proximal and distal-lateral edges of the anastomotic line rather than placing a Guardian chin stitch...
October 12, 2017: Heart, Lung & Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095945/remobilisation-of-phosphorus-fractions-in-rice-flag-leaves-during-grain-filling-implications-for-photosynthesis-and-grain-yields
#9
Kwanho Jeong, Cecile C Julia, Daniel L E Waters, Omar Pantoja, Matthias Wissuwa, Sigrid Heuer, Lei Liu, Terry J Rose
Phosphorus (P) is translocated from vegetative tissues to developing seeds during senescence in annual crop plants, but the impact of this P mobilisation on photosynthesis and plant performance is poorly understood. This study investigated rice (Oryza sativa L.) flag leaf photosynthesis and P remobilisation in a hydroponic study where P was either supplied until maturity or withdrawn permanently from the nutrient solution at anthesis, 8 days after anthesis (DAA) or 16 DAA. Prior to anthesis, plants received either the minimum level of P in nutrient solution required to achieve maximum grain yield ('adequate P treatment'), or received luxury levels of P in the nutrient solution ('luxury P treatment')...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073462/implementing-early-mobilisation-in-the-intensive-care-unit-an-integrative-review
#10
REVIEW
Sonja Phelan, Frances Lin, Marion Mitchell, Wendy Chaboyer
BACKGROUND: The intensive care unit provides complex care for critically ill patients. Consequently, due to the nature of critical illness and the therapies administered in intensive care, patients are often on prolonged periods of bed rest with limited mobility. It has been recognised that mobilising critically ill patients is beneficial to patients' recovery, however implementing early mobility as a standard of care remains challenging in practice. OBJECTIVES: To identify the key factors that underpin successful implementation and sustainability of early mobilisation in adult intensive care units...
October 2, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068400/health-in-all-policies-in-south-australia-did-it-promote-and-enact-an-equity-perspective
#11
Helen van Eyk, Elizabeth Harris, Fran Baum, Toni Delany-Crowe, Angela Lawless, Colin MacDougall
Mobilising cross-sectoral action is helpful in addressing the range of social determinants that contribute to health inequities. The South Australian Health in All Policies (SA HiAP) approach was implemented from 2007 to stimulate cross-sector policy activity to address the social determinants of health to improve population wellbeing and reduce health inequities. This paper presents selected findings from a five year multi-methods research study of the SA HiAP approach and draws on data collected during interviews, observation, case studies, and document analysis...
October 25, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062919/drama-as-a-community-engagement-strategy-for-malaria-in-rural-cambodia
#12
Renly Lim, Rupam Tripura, Thomas J Peto, Ma Sareth, Nou Sanann, Chan Davoeung, Chea Nguon, Phaik Yeong Cheah
Background: Countries in Southeast Asia are working to eliminate multidrug-resistant falciparum malaria, a major cause of mortality in tropical regions. Malaria is declining but transmission persists in many rural areas and among forest workers and isolated populations. In these remote communities, conventional health services and education are limited. Mobilising and educating these populations require new approaches as many people are illiterate and do not attend village meetings. This article describes a qualitative study to assess the feasibility of a drama project as a community engagement strategy...
2017: Wellcome Open Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052503/intensive-follow-up-for-women-with-breast-cancer-review-of-clinical-economic-and-patient-s-preference-domains-through-evidence-to-decision-framework
#13
Alessandra Lafranconi, Liisa Pylkkänen, Silvia Deandrea, Anke Bramesfeld, Donata Lerda, Luciana Neamțiu, Zuleika Saz-Parkinson, Margarita Posso, David Rigau, Ivan Sola, Pablo Alonso-Coello, Maria José Martinez-Zapata
BACKGROUND: Women treated for breast cancer are followed-up for monitoring of treatment effectiveness and for detecting recurrences at an early stage. The type of follow-up received may affect women's reassurance and impact on their quality of life. Anxiety and depression among women with breast cancer has been described, but little is known about how the intensity of the follow-up can affect women's psychological status. This study was undertaken to evaluate the effects of intensive vs...
October 19, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048688/is-endoprosthetic-replacement-of-the-proximal-femur-appropriate-in-the-comorbid-patient
#14
Arun Khajuria, Jonathon Ward, George Cooper, Jonathon Stevenson, Michael Parry, Lee Jeys
INTRODUCTION: Patients with failed hip arthroplasty requiring extensive femoral reconstruction often present with a multitude of comorbidities. Many treatment options limit initial mobilisation relying on bone graft incorporation. The use of endoprosthetic replacement (EPR), despite often being a "last resort", offers an expeditious solution with early mobilisation that is crucial in the comorbid individual. Many perceive that the surgical insult of EPR is associated with an increased mortality...
October 16, 2017: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042844/designing-a-care-pathway-model-a-case-study-of-the-outpatient-total-hip-arthroplasty-care-pathway
#15
Robin I Oosterholt, Lianne Wl Simonse, Stella U Boess, Stephan Bw Vehmeijer
INTRODUCTION: Although the clinical attributes of total hip arthroplasty (THA) care pathways have been thoroughly researched, a detailed understanding of the equally important organisational attributes is still lacking. The aim of this article is to contribute with a model of the outpatient THA care pathway that depicts how the care team should be organised to enable patient discharge on the day of surgery. THEORY: The outpatient THA care pathway enables patients to be discharged on the day of surgery, shortening the length of stay and intensifying the provision and organisation of care...
March 9, 2017: International Journal of Integrated Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021817/a-dual-isotopic-approach-using-radioactive-phosphorus-and-the-isotopic-composition-of-oxygen-associated-to-phosphorus-to-understand-plant-reaction-to-a-change-in-p-nutrition
#16
Verena Pfahler, Federica Tamburini, Stefano M Bernasconi, Emmanuel Frossard
BACKGROUND: Changing the phosphorus (P) nutrition leads to changes in plant metabolism. The aim of this study was to investigate how these changes are reflected in the distribution of (33)P and the isotopic composition of oxygen associated to P (δ(18)OP) in different plant parts of soybean (Glycine max cv. Toliman). Two P pools were extracted sequentially with 0.3 M trichloroacetic acid (TCA P) and 10 M nitric acid (HNO3; residual P). RESULTS: The δ(18)OP of TCA P in the old leaves of the - P plants (23...
2017: Plant Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985310/outcomes-of-mobilisation-of-vulnerable-elders-in-ontario-move-on-a-multisite-interrupted-time-series-evaluation-of-an-implementation-intervention-to-increase-patient-mobilisation
#17
Barbara Liu, Julia E Moore, Ummukulthum Almaawiy, Wai-Hin Chan, Sobia Khan, Joycelyne Ewusie, Jemila S Hamid, Sharon E Straus
Background: older patients admitted to hospitals are at risk for hospital-acquired morbidity related to immobility. The aim of this study was to implement and evaluate an evidence-based intervention targeting staff to promote early mobilisation in older patients admitted to general medical inpatient units. Methods: the early mobilisation implementation intervention for staff was multi-component and tailored to local context at 14 academic hospitals in Ontario, Canada...
July 15, 2017: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967376/a-very-early-rehabilitation-trial-after-stroke-avert-a-phase-iii-multicentre-randomised-controlled-trial
#18
Peter Langhorne, Olivia Wu, Helen Rodgers, Ann Ashburn, Julie Bernhardt
BACKGROUND: Mobilising patients early after stroke [early mobilisation (EM)] is thought to contribute to the beneficial effects of stroke unit care but it is poorly defined and lacks direct evidence of benefit. OBJECTIVES: We assessed the effectiveness of frequent higher dose very early mobilisation (VEM) after stroke. DESIGN: We conducted a parallel-group, single-blind, prospective randomised controlled trial with blinded end-point assessment using a web-based computer-generated stratified randomisation...
September 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960978/ethyl-gallate-displays-elicitor-activities-in-tobacco-plants
#19
Pascale Goupil, Razik Benouaret, Claire Richard
Alkyl gallates showed elicitor activities on tobacco in both whole plants and cell suspensions. Methyl gallate (MG), ethyl gallate (EG), and propyl gallate (PG) infiltration into tobacco leaves induced hypersensitive reaction-like lesions and topical production of autofluorescent compounds revealed under UV light. When sprayed on tobacco plants at 5 mM, EG promoted upregulation of defense-related genes such as the antimicrobial PR1, β-1,3-glucanase PR2, Chitinase PR3, and osmotin PR5 target genes. Tobacco BY-2 cells challenged with EG underwent cell death in 48 h, which was significantly reduced in the presence of the protease inhibitor aprotinin...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951269/minimally-invasive-excision-of-thoracic-arachnoid-web
#20
Pierluigi Vergara, Damiano Giuseppe Barone
OBJECTIVE: Arachnoid webs are rare intradural lesions that can cause direct spinal cord compression or alteration of the cerebrospinal fluid flow with syringomyelia. Surgery has been historically performed through wide-open laminectomies. The aim of this study is to prove the feasibility of minimally invasive techniques for the excision of arachnoid webs. METHODS: A retrospective review of two cases of minimally invasive excision of thoracic arachnoid webs was performed...
September 23, 2017: World Neurosurgery
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