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Kuncheng Yang, Shanshan Wang, Yingyi Wang, Hong Miao, Xiaoming Yang
Herein, carbon dots (CD@Papain) from papain have been originally synthesized in aqueous solution along with a quantum yield of 6.2%, and showed cyan fluorescence at 435nm. Meanwhile, papain-templated Au nanoclusters (AuNCs@Papain) were prepared with the same precursor. On the basis of the two types of nanomaterials, CD@Papain and AuNCs@Papain have been designed to assemble as one nanosensor (termed as CD-AuNCs@Papain) through a typical cross-linking reaction. Significantly, it not only emitted the dual-emission fluorescent signals with the same excitation, but also can assay multiple targets through exhibiting cyan, yellow, and red emission respectively...
January 7, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Emmanuel A Burdmann, Vivekanand Jha
South and Southeast Asia and Latin American together comprise 46 countries and are home to approximately 40% of the world population. The sociopolitical and economic heterogeneity, tropical climate, and malady transitions characteristic of the region strongly influence disease behavior and health care delivery. Acute kidney injury epidemiology mirrors these inequalities. In addition to hospital-acquired acute kidney injury in tertiary care centers, these countries face a large preventable burden of community-acquired acute kidney injury secondary to tropical infectious diseases or animal venoms, affecting previously healthy young individuals...
January 11, 2017: Kidney International
Shijiang Liu, Yangjie Li, Cheng Zhang, Liang Yang, Tingting Zhao, Ruilong Zhang, Changlong Jiang
Ratiometric fluorescence sensor exhibits advantages of sensitive response, high anti-interference ability and naked eye visualization owing to multiple independent emission peaks utilized for results analysis. To achieve such multi-emission probe, the traditional methods have involved simple mixing of two emitters or tedious synthesis processes of hybrid material. However, these probes often have problems of inconstant emission strength ratio, low light-stability, and complicated synthetic process, which limit their applications in practical field...
January 7, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
E Alos, A Martinez-Fuentes, C Reig, C Mesejo, M J Rodrigo, M Agustí, L Zacarías
In order to gain insights into the controversial ripening behavior of loquat fruits, in the present study we have analyzed the expression of three genes related to ethylene biosynthesis (ACS1, ACO1 and ACO2), two ethylene receptors (ERS1a and ERS1b), one signal transduction component (CTR1) and one transcription factor (EIL1) in peel and pulp of loquat fruit during natural ripening and also in fruits treated with ethylene (10μLL(-1)) and 1-MCP (10μLL(-1)), an ethylene action inhibitor. In fruits attached to or detached from the tree, a slight increase in ethylene production was detected at the yellow stage, but the respiration rate declined progressively during ripening...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Plant Physiology
Parisa Farzanehfar, Shi Sheng Lu, Anupa Dey, Dharshani Musiienko, Hamzah Baagil, Malcolm K Horne, Tim D Aumann
Whether or not neurogenesis occurs in the adult substantia nigra pars compacta (SNc) is an important question relevant for developing better treatments for the motor symptoms of Parkinson's disease (PD). Although controversial, it is generally believed that dividing cells here remain undifferentiated or differentiate into glia, not neurons. However, there is a suggestion that Nestin-expressing neural precursor cells (NPCs) in the adult SNc have a propensity to differentiate into neurons, which we sought to confirm in the present study...
January 5, 2017: Stem Cell Research
Néli José da Fonseca, Marcelo Querino Lima Afonso, Natan Gonçalves Pedersolli, Lucas Carrijo de Oliveira, Dhiego Souto Andrade, Lucas Bleicher
Flaviviruses are responsible for serious diseases such as dengue, yellow fever, and zika fever. Their genomes encode a polyprotein which, after cleavage, results in three structural and seven non-structural proteins. Homologous proteins can be studied by conservation and coevolution analysis as detected in multiple sequence alignments, usually reporting positions which are strictly necessary for the structure and/or function of all members in a protein family or which are involved in a specific sub-class feature requiring the coevolution of residue sets...
January 10, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Yuqian Liu, Xiaojun Qu, Qingsheng Guo, Qingjiang Sun, Xuebin Huang
In this work, we report a new type of quantum dot (QD)-based fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) assembly and its utility for sensing Zn2+ in different media. The assembly on the QD scaffold is via first coating of poly(dA) homopolymer/double-stranded DNA, followed by loading of meso-tetra(4-sulfonatophenyl)porphine dihydrochloride (TSPP), both of which are electrostatic, offering the advantages of cost-efficiency and simplicity. More importantly, the biopolymer coating minimizes the interfacial thickness to be ≤2 nm for QD-TSPP FRET, which results in improvements of up to 60-fold for single FRET efficiency and nearly 4-fold for total FRET efficiency of the QD-biopolymer-TSPP assemblies in comparison with silica coating-based QD-TSPP assemblies...
January 13, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Zhibing Luo, Hui Ren, Jarrod J Mousa, Drauzio Rangel, Yongjun Zhang, Steven D Bruner, Nemat O Keyhani
The PacC transcription factor is an important component of the fungal ambient pH-responsive regulatory system. Loss of pacC in the insect pathogenic fungus Beauveria bassiana resulted in an alkaline pH-dependent decrease in growth and pH-dependent increased susceptibility to osmotic (salt, sorbitol) stress and SDS. Extreme susceptibility to Congo Red was noted irrespective of pH, and ΔBbpacC conidia showed subtle increases in UV susceptibility. The ΔBbPacC mutant showed a reduced ability to acidify media during growth due to failure to produce oxalic acid...
January 12, 2017: Environmental Microbiology
Elena Dreassi, Annarita Cito, Assunta Zanfini, Lara Materozzi, Maurizio Botta, Valeria Francardi
Fat is the second most abundant component of the nutrient composition of the mealworm Tenebrio molitor (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) that represents also an interesting source of PUFA, especially n-6 and n-3 fatty acids, involved in prevention of cardiovascular diseases. This study investigated the possibility of modifying the fat content and the FA composition of yellow mealworms through feeding and how this would be influenced by developmental stages, pupal sex, and generation with the future aim of applying this coleopteran as a diet supplement for human health...
January 12, 2017: Lipids
James W Mertins, Stacey L Vigil, Joseph L Corn
Previous published evidence for the occurrence of an exotic armadillo tick, Amblyomma auricularium (Conil), in Florida is scant, but we found it is fully established and integrated into the state's tick fauna. We collected 11,192 specimens of this tick from naturalized nine-banded armadillos, Dasypus novemcinctus L., and 14 other species of wild native mammals and birds in Florida, while sampling statewide during 2004 through 2007. In all, we document its specific presence only in 14 contiguous South Florida counties...
January 2017: Journal of Medical Entomology
Xiao Men, Jianxin Shi, Wanqi Liang, Qianfei Zhang, Gaibin Lian, Sheng Quan, Lu Zhu, Zhijing Luo, Mingjiao Chen, Dabing Zhang
Lipid molecules are key structural components of plant male reproductive organs, such as the anther and pollen. Although advances have been made in the understanding of acyl lipids in plant reproduction, the metabolic pathways of other lipid compounds, particularly glycerolipids, are not fully understood. Here we report that an endoplasmic reticulum-localized enzyme, Glycerol-3-Phosphate Acyltransferase 3 (OsGPAT3), plays an indispensable role in anther development and pollen formation in rice. OsGPAT3 is preferentially expressed in the tapetum and microspores of the anther...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Experimental Botany
Meng Wu, Jamicia Lewis, Richard C Moore
PREMISE OF THE STUDY: The red flesh of some papaya cultivars is caused by a recessive loss-of-function mutation in the coding region of the chromoplast-specific lycopene beta cyclase gene (CYC-b). We performed an evolutionary genetic analysis of the CYC-b locus in wild and cultivated papaya to uncover the origin of this loss-of-function allele in cultivated papaya. METHODS: We analyzed the levels and patterns of genetic diversity at the CYC-b locus and six loci in a 100-kb region flanking CYC-b and compared these to genetic diversity levels at neutral autosomal loci...
January 12, 2017: American Journal of Botany
Xiangli Dong, Jiji Li, Jianyu He, Wei Liu, Lihua Jiang, Yingying Ye, Changwen Wu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 10, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Hyo-Eun Son, Tae Hoon Kim, Won-Gu Jang
Curculactones A and B are rare γ-lactone derivatives obtained from yellow, natural curcumin following γ-irradiation, and are a type of small molecules with a moderate anti-obesity effect. However, the exact role of curculactones A and B in osteoblast differentiation is unknown. In this study, the effects of curculactones A and B on the differentiation of the mesenchymal cell line C3H10T1/2 and pre-osteoblast cell line MC3T3-E1 to osteoblasts were examined. Curculactones A or B could markedly increase the mRNA levels of osteogenic marker genes and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity...
December 30, 2016: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Hong Qiu, Min Jin, Yi Li, You Lu, Yingmei Hou, Qicun Zhou
An 8-week feeding trial was conducted to evaluate the effects of dietary lipid sources on growth performance, fatty acid composition, rate-limiting enzyme activities and gene expression related to lipid metabolism in large yellow croaker (Larmichthys crocea). Five iso-nitrogenous and iso-lipidic experimental diets were formulated to contain different lipid sources, such as fish oil (FO), soybean oil (SO), linseed oil (LO), rapeseed oil (RO) and peanut oil (PO), respectively. Triplicate groups of 50 fish (initial weight 13...
2017: PloS One
Zhangsheng Tao, Yi Huang, Lida Zhang, Xinfa Wang, Guihua Liu, Hanzhong Wang
Silique shattering resistance is one of the most important agricultural traits in oil crop breeding. Seed shedding from siliques prior to and during harvest causes devastating losses in oilseed yield. Lignin biosynthesis in the silique walls is thought to affect silique-shattering resistance in oil crops. Here, we identified and characterized B. napus LATE FLOWERING (BnLATE), which encodes a Cys2/His2-type zinc-finger protein. Heterologous expression of BnLATE under the double enhanced CaMV 35S promoter (D35S) in wild-type Arabidopsis plants resulted in a marked decrease in lignification in the replum, valve layer (carpel) and dehiscence zone...
2017: PloS One
Atsushi Kobayashi, Ryuya Arata, Tomohiro Ogawa, Masaki Yoshida, Masako Kato
Two luminescent pyrazine-bridged dinuclear Cu(I) complexes, namely, [{Cu(PPh3)2(H2O)}(μ-MeOpyz){Cu(PPh3)2(CH3CN)}](BF4)2 and [{Cu(PPh3)2(H2O)}(μ-MeOpyz){Cu(PPh3)2(H2O)}](BF4)2 (H2O-Cu2-AN and H2O-Cu2-H2O; PPh3 = triphenylphosphine, MeOpyz = 2-methoxypyrazine), were successfully synthesized and characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction and luminescence measurements. X-ray analysis revealed that the water molecules are coordinated to both Cu(I) ions to form almost the same P2N1O1 coordination structure in H2O-Cu2-H2O, whereas one of the two Cu ions in H2O-Cu2-AN was coordinated by acetonitrile instead of water to form a different P2N2 coordination environment...
January 12, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
Linh Nguyen, Eun-Sun Hwang
We investigated the quality characteristics and antioxidant activities of yogurt supplemented with 1%, 2%, and 3% aronia juice and fermented for 24 h at 37°C. The total acidity increased with increasing levels of aronia juice and incubation time. Lightness and yellowness of the yogurt decreased, but redness increased, with increasing aronia juice content and incubation time. The number of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) increased with increased incubation time, and yogurt containing 2% and 3% aronia juice showed higher LAB counts than 1% aroinia juice-supplemented yogurt...
December 2016: Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
Sebastian Lequime, Louis Lambrechts
The Flavivirus genus encompasses several arboviruses of public health significance such as dengue, yellow fever, and Zika viruses. It also includes insect-specific flaviviruses (ISFs) that are only capable of infecting insect hosts. The vast majority of mosquito-infecting flaviviruses have been associated with mosquito species of the Aedes and Culex genera in the Culicinae subfamily, which also includes most arbovirus vectors. Mosquitoes of the Anophelinae subfamily are not considered significant arbovirus vectors; however, flaviviruses have occasionally been detected in field-caught Anopheles specimens...
January 2017: Virus Evolution
Gisa Gerold, Janina Bruening, Bettina Weigel, Thomas Pietschmann
Protein-protein interactions govern biological functions in cells, in the extracellular milieu and at the border between cells and extracellular space. Viruses are small intracellular parasites and thus rely on protein interactions to produce progeny inside host cells and to spread from cell to cell. Usage of host proteins by viruses can have severe consequences e.g. apoptosis, metabolic disequilibria or altered cell proliferation and mobility. Understanding protein interactions during virus infection can thus educate us on viral infection and pathogenesis mechanisms...
January 11, 2017: Molecular & Cellular Proteomics: MCP
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