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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906378/cool-white-light-emitting-three-stack-oled-structures-for-amoled-display-applications
#1
Ramon Springer, Byoung Yeop Kang, Raju Lampande, Dae Hyun Ahn, Simone Lenk, Sebastian Reineke, Jang Hyuk Kwon
This paper demonstrates 2-stack and 3-stack white organic light-emitting diodes (WOLEDs) with fluorescent blue and phosphorescent yellow emissive units. The 2-stack and 3-stack WOLED comprises blue-yellow and blue-blue-yellow (blue-yellow-blue) combinations. The position of the yellow emitter and possible cavity lengths in different stack architectures are theoretically and experimentally investigated to reach Commission Internationale de L'Eclairage (CIE) coordinates of near (0.333/0.333). Here, a maximum external quantum efficiency (EQE) of 23...
November 28, 2016: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906074/size-sounds-and-sex-interactions-between-body-size-and-harmonic-convergence-signals-determine-mating-success-in-aedes-aegypti
#2
Lauren J Cator, Zacharo Zanti
BACKGROUND: Several new mosquito control strategies will involve the release of laboratory reared males which will be required to compete with wild males for mates. Currently, the determinants of male mating success remain unclear. The presence of convergence between male and female harmonic flight tone frequencies during a mating attempt have been found to increase male mating success in the yellow fever mosquito, Aedes aegypti. Size has also been implicated as a factor in male mating success...
December 1, 2016: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905012/microbial-proteins-as-novel-industrial-biotechnology-hosts-to-treat-epilepsy
#3
REVIEW
Zareen Amtul, Amal A Aziz
Epilepsy is characterized by the hyperexcitability of various neuronal circuits that results due to the imbalance between glutamate-mediated excitation of voltage-gated cation channels and γ-amino butyric acid (GABA)-mediated inhibition of anion channels leading to aberrant, sporadic oscillations or fluctuations in neuronal electrical activity. Epilepsy with a risk of mortality and around 65 million sufferers of all ages all over the world is limited therapeutically with high rates of adverse reactions, lack of complete seizure control, and over 30% patients with refractory epilepsy...
December 1, 2016: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904461/outbreak-and-spread-of-bacterial-canker-of-kiwifruit-caused-by-pseudomonas-syringae-pv-actinidiae-biovar-3-in-korea
#4
Gyoung Hee Kim, Kwang-Hyung Kim, Kyeong In Son, Eu Ddeum Choi, Young Sun Lee, Jae Sung Jung, Young Jin Koh
A bacterial pathogen, Pseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae (Psa), is a causal agent of kiwifruit bacterial canker worldwide. Psa biovar 3 (Psa3) was first detected in 2011 at an orchard in Dodeok-myeon, Goheunggun, Jeonnam Province in Korea. In this study, we present the results of an epidemiological study regarding Psa3 occurrence on kiwifruit orchards in Korea for the period of 2013 to 2015. Since the first detection of Psa3 in 2011, there was no further case reported by 2013. However, Psa3 was rapidly spreading to 33 orchards in 2014; except for three orchards in Sacheonsi, Gyeongnam Province, most cases were reported in Jeju Island...
December 2016: Plant Pathology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904413/influence-of-yellow-light-emitting-diodes-at-590-nm-on-storage-of-apple-tomato-and-bell-pepper-fruit
#5
Doris Kokalj, Janez Hribar, Blaž Cigić, Emil Zlatić, Lea Demšar, Lovro Sinkovič, Helena Šircelj, Grega Bizjak, Rajko Vidrih
The objective of this study is to investigate the effects of irradiation from light-emitting diodes (LEDs) on several fruits during storage. To improve storage and increase the contents of some bioactive compounds, apple, tomato and red bell pepper fruits were exposed to yellow light emitted from the diodes at 590 nm. The contents of ascorbic acid, total phenolics, total flavonoids and several pigments were investigated, along with the antioxidant potential. The colour parameters (L*, a* and b*) and firmness of the fruit were also determined...
June 2016: Food Technology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904399/identification-of-alleles-of-puroindoline-genes-and-their-effect-on-wheat-triticum-aestivum-l-grain-texture
#6
Mária Presinszká, Klára Štiasna, Tomáš Vyhnánek, Václav Trojan, Eva Mrkvicová, Luděk Hřivna, Ladislav Havel
Grain hardness is one of the most important quality characteristics of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). It is a significant property of wheat grains and relates to milling quality and end product quality. Grain hardness is caused by the presence of puroindoline genes (Pina and Pinb). A collection of 25 genotypes of wheat with unusual grain colour (blue aleurone, purple and white pericarp, yellow endosperm) was studied by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for the diversity within Pina and Pinb (alleles: Pina-D1a, Pina-D1b, Pinb-D1a, Pinb- -D1b, Pinb-D1c and Pinb-D1d)...
March 2016: Food Technology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904243/a-systematic-approach-to-patients-with-jaundice
#7
REVIEW
Bilal Gondal, Andrew Aronsohn
Jaundice is a clinical manifestation of disorders of underlying bilirubin metabolism, hepatocellular dysfunction, or biliary obstruction. As clinical presentations of yellowing of eyes or skin can be somewhat nonspecific for the underlying etiology of disease, a stepwise approach to evaluation is necessary for accurate diagnosis and effective treatment plan. In this review, we discuss underlying mechanisms of cholestasis and jaundice as well as laboratory and imaging modalities needed to evaluate a patient presenting with hyperbilirubinemia...
December 2016: Seminars in Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904180/evaluation-of-clinical-significance-of-dermoscopy-in-alopecia-areata
#8
Akhila Sai Guttikonda, Chintaginjala Aruna, D V S B Ramamurthy, K Sridevi, Senthil Kumar L Alagappan
BACKGROUND: Alopecia areata (AA) is a common, chronic inflammatory disease characterized by nonscarring hair loss on the scalp or any hair-bearing area of the body. Recently, dermoscopy, a noninvasive diagnostic procedure, has been employed for the diagnosis of AA. AIM: To evaluate various dermoscopic patterns in AA and correlate these patterns with the disease activity and severity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Dermoscopy was performed on AA patients using DL1 dermoscope (magnification ×10 was used)...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902677/perception-of-fechner-illusory-colors-in-alzheimer-disease-patients
#9
Gintaras Kaubrys, Vera Bukina, Ieva Bingelytė, Vladas Taluntis
BACKGROUND Alzheimer disease (AD) primarily affects cognition. A variety of visual disorders was established in AD. Fechner illusory colors are produced by a rotating disk with a black and white pattern. The purpose of our research was to explore the perception of illusory colors in AD. MATERIAL AND METHODS W recruited 40 AD patients (MMSE ≥14) and 40 normal controls (CG group) matched by age, education, gender in this prospective, cross-sectional, case-control study. An achromatic Benham's disk attached to a device to control the speed and direction of rotation was used to produce illusory colors...
November 30, 2016: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902403/the-non-canonical-tomato-yellow-leaf-curl-virus-recombinant-that-displaced-its-parental-viruses-in-southern-morocco-exhibits-a-high-selective-advantage-in-experimental-conditions
#10
Zineb Belabess, Michel Peterschmitt, Martine Granier, Abdessalem Tahiri, Abdelali Blenzar, Cica Urbino
Recombination events are frequently inferred from the increasing number of sequenced viral genomes, but their impact on natural viral populations has rarely been evidenced. TYLCV-IS76 is a recombinant (Begomovirus, Geminiviridae) between the Israel strain of Tomato yellow leaf curl virus (TYLCV-IL) and the Spanish strain of Tomato yellow leaf curl Sardinia virus (TYLCSV-ES) that was generated most probably in the late 1990s in Southern Morocco (Souss). Its emergence in the 2000s coincided with the increasing use of resistant tomato cultivars bearing the Ty-1 gene, and led eventually to the entire displacement of both parental viruses in the Souss...
October 14, 2016: Journal of General Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902319/description-of-gramella-forsetii-sp-nov-a-marine-flavobacteriaceae-isolated-from-north-sea-water-and-emended-description-of-gramella-gaetbulicola-cho-et-al-2011
#11
Irina Panschin, Mareike Becher, Susanne Verbarg, Cathrin Spröer, Manfred Rohde, Marga Schüler, Rudolf I Amann, Jens Harder, Brian J Tindall, Richard L Hahnke
The strain KT0803T was isolated from coastal eutrophic surface waters of Helgoland Roads near the island of Helgoland, North Sea, Germany. The taxonomic position of the strain, previously known as 'Gramella forsetii' KT0803, was investigated by a polyphasic approach. The strain was Gram-stain negative, chemo-organotrophic, heterotrophic, strictly aerobic, oxidase and catalase positive, rod-shaped, motile by gliding and had orange-yellow carotenoid pigments, but was negative for flexirubin-type pigments. It grew optimally at 22-25 °C, pH 7...
November 28, 2016: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902299/chryseobacterium-nepalense-sp-nov-isolated-from-oil-contaminated-soil
#12
Dhiraj Kumar Chaudhary, Jaisoo Kim
During the study of hydrocarbon-degrading bacteria in the oil-contaminated soil of Biratnagar, Morang, Nepal, a yellow-coloured, Gram-staining negative, aerobic, non-motile, and rod shaped bacterium, designated strain C-5-3T, was isolated. This strain was taxonomically characterized by a polyphasic approach. Based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, strain C-5-3T belongs to the genus Chryseobacterium and is closely related to 'Chryseobacterium profundimaris' DY46 (98.19% sequence similarity), Chryseobacterium takakiae AG1-2T (98...
November 21, 2016: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902292/terrimonas-crocea-sp-nov-isolated-from-the-till-of-high-arctic-glacier-midtre-lov%C3%A3-nbreen-in-the-west-svalbard-archipelago
#13
Myong Chol Kim, Ok Chol Kang, Chol Myong Kim, Yumin Zhang, Zuobing Liu, Ziyan Wei, Yao Huang, Wangmu Danzeng, Fang Peng
A yellow-pigmented bacteria strain, designated M1-33108T, was isolated from the till of high Arctic glacier Midtre Lovénbreen (MLB) near Ny-Ålesund, in the West Svalbard Archipelago, Norway. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain M1-33108T belonged to the genus Terrimonas and its closest neighbor was Terrimonas arctica R9-86T with 96.12% 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity. Strain M1-33108T was Gram-reaction-negative, aerobic, non-spore-forming, rod-shaped bacterium that lacked motility...
November 24, 2016: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902284/chryseobacterium-cucumeris-sp-nov-an-endophyte-isolated-from-cucumber-cucumis-sativus-l-root-and-emended-description-of-chryseobacterium-arthrosphaerae
#14
Jin-Ju Jeong, Dong Wan Lee, Byeonghyeok Park, Mee Kyung Sang, In-Geol Choi, Ki Deok Kim
The Gram-stain-negative, yellow-pigmented, rod-shaped bacterial strain GSE06T, isolated from the surface-sterilized root of a cucumber plant grown in a field in Gunsan, Korea, was characterized by not only cultural and morphological features but also physiological, biochemical, and molecular analyses. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain GSE06T was most related to species of the genus Chryseobacterium. Furthermore, strain GSE06T exhibited the highest sequence similarities with type strains of Chryseobacterium indologenes ATCC 29897T (98...
November 17, 2016: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902280/novosphingobium-guangzhouense-sp-nov-with-the-ability-to-degrade-1-methylphenanthrene
#15
Sha Sha, Jianan Zhong, Baowei Chen, Li Lin, Tiangang Luan
A novel Gram-negative, flagellated, rod-shaped, yellow-pigmented aerobic bacterium, strain SA925T, that is capable of degrading 1-methylphenanthrene was isolated from oil-polluted soil collected from a refinery located in Guangzhou, China. Phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence demonstrated that strain SA925T belongs to the genus Novosphingobium and is evolutionarily close to N. gossypii (98.5%), N. panipatense (98.2%), N. mathurense (98.0%) and N. pentaromativorans (96.5%). The G+C content of genomic DNA was 60...
November 17, 2016: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902278/chryseobacterium-endophyticum-sp-nov-isolated-from-a-maize-leaf
#16
Shih-Yao Lin, Asif Hameed, You-Cheng Liu, Yi-Han Hsu, Yu-Ting Hsieh, Wei-An Lai, Chiu-Chung Young
A Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, yellow-pigmented, flexirubin-producing, rod-shaped and endophytic bacterium, designated strain CC-YTH209T, was isolated from a maize leaf and subjected to a taxonomic study. Strain CC-YTH209T was found to grow at 15-40 °C (optimal 30 °C), at pH 6.0-8.0 (optimal pH 7.0) and in the presence of 0-2 % (optimal 1 %) (w/v) NaCl. On the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, strain CC-YTH209T appeared to belong to the genus Chryseobacterium within the class Flavobacteriia, and was closely related to Chryseobacterium rigui CJ16T (97...
November 11, 2016: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902275/arcticibacterium-luteifluviistationis-gen-nov-sp-nov-isolated-from-arctic-seawater
#17
Dan-Dan Li, Ming Peng, Ning Wang, Xiu-Juan Wang, Xi-Ying Zhang, Xiu-Lan Chen, Hai-Nan Su, Yu-Zhong Zhang, Mei Shi
A Gram-staining-negative, aerobic, non-motile and yellow-pigmented bacterium, designated strain SM1504T, was isolated from Arctic seawater. It hydrolyzed aesculin and gelatin but did not reduce nitrate to nitrite. Phylogenetic analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain SM1504T constituted a distinct phylogenetic line within the family Cytophagaceae and was closely related to species of the genera Lacihabitans, Emticicia, Fluviimonas and Leadbetterella, with respect to which low sequence similarities between 88...
November 24, 2016: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902258/marinobacter-halotolerans-sp-nov-a-halophilic-bacterium-isolated-from-crystallizing-pond-of-saltern
#18
Ju-Ok Kim, Hyo-Jin Lee, Song-Ih Han, Kyung-Sook Whang
A Gram-staining-negative, moderately halophilic, motile bacterium, designated strain CP12T, was isolated from crystallizing pond of saltern of the Yellow Sea in Korea. Cells of strain CP12T were observed non-spore-forming rods and produce whitish yellow-coloured colonies. Growth was observed at 10-37 °C (optimum 37 °C), at pH 6.0-9.0 (optimum 7.0), and in the presence of 0.5-20 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum 3 %). Phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence revealed that strain CP12T was closely related to Marinobacter flavimaris SW-145T (98...
November 9, 2016: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902245/streptomyces-luteus-sp-nov-a-novel-actinomycete-isolated-from-loulan-soil-of-xinjiang-china
#19
Xiaoxia Luo, Kai Liang, Yang Wang, Chuanxing Wan, Lili Zhang
A Streptomyces strain, designated TRM 45540T, was isolated from the soil of Loulan area(89°22'22″E, 40°29'55″N), Xinjiang Province, north-west China and was characterized taxonomically by using a polyphasic study. Phylogenetic analysis of the strain from 16S rRNA sequence revealed the strain TRM 45540 had 99.87% similarity with the type strain Streptomyces mutabilis NRRL12800T (GenBank accession number. AB184156). The strain was aerobic, gram-staining-positive, with an optimum NaCl concentration for growth of 5% (w/v)...
November 1, 2016: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902240/chryseobacterium-lineare-sp-nov-isolated-from-a-limpid-stream
#20
Zhe Zhao, Yin-Qi Tu, Xia Shen, Shuai-Bo Han, Chong-Ya Zhang, Cong Sun, Min Wu
A Gram-strain-negative, aerobic, non-motile, rod-shaped, yellow-pigmented bacterial strain, XC0022T, isolated from freshwater of a limpid stream in Zhejiang, China, was studied using a polyphasic approach. The phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences clearly showed an allocation to the genus Chryseobacterium with the highest sequence similarities of 98.0 % to Chryseobacterium taeanense PHA3-4T, 97.2 % to C. taihuense THMBM1T, 97.1 % to C. rigui CJ16T and 97.1 % to C. profundimaris DY46T. 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities to all other species of the genus Chryseobacterium were below 97...
November 2, 2016: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
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