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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228050/birth-preparedness-and-complication-readiness-bpcr-among-pregnant-women-in-hard-to-reach-areas-in-bangladesh
#1
Md Moinuddin, Aliki Christou, Dewan Md Emdadul Hoque, Tazeen Tahsina, Shumona Sharmin Salam, Sk Masum Billah, Lianne Kuppens, Md Ziaul Matin, Shams El Arifeen
BACKGROUND: Birth preparedness and complication readiness aims to reduce delays in care seeking, promote skilled birth attendance, and facility deliveries. Little is known about birth preparedness practices among populations living in hard-to-reach areas in Bangladesh. OBJECTIVES: To describe levels of birth preparedness and complication readiness among recently delivered women, identify determinants of being better prepared for birth, and assess the impact of greater birth preparedness on maternal and neonatal health practices...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228044/correction-the-importance-of-public-health-poverty-reduction-programs-and-women-s-empowerment-in-the-reduction-of-child-stunting-in-rural-areas-of-moramanga-and-morondava-madagascar
#2
Chitale Rabaoarisoa Remonja, Rado Rakotoarison, Nivo Heritiana Rakotonirainy, Reziky Tiandraza Mangahasimbola, Alain Berthin Randrianarisoa, Ronan Jambou, Inès Vigan-Womas, Patrice Piola, Rindra Vatosoa Randremanana
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0186493.].
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227955/developing-and-validating-a-perinatal-depression-screening-tool-in-kenya-blending-western-criteria-with-local-idioms-a-mixed-methods-study
#3
Eric P Green, Hawa Tuli, Edith Kwobah, D Menya, Irene Chesire, Christina Schmidt
BACKGROUND: Routine screening for perinatal depression is not common in most primary health care settings. The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force only recently updated their recommendation on depression screening to specifically recommend screening during the pre- and postpartum periods. While practitioners in high-income countries can respond to this new recommendation by implementing one of several existing depression screening tools developed in Western contexts, such as the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) or the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9), these tools lack strong evidence of cross-cultural equivalence, validity for case finding, and precision in measuring response to treatment in developing countries...
December 2, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227952/public-health-risk-of-trace-metals-in-fresh-chicken-meat-products-on-the-food-markets-of-a-major-production-region-in-southern-china
#4
Yuanan Hu, Wenfeng Zhang, Gang Chen, Hefa Cheng, Shu Tao
Because most chickens are reared in intensive farms, where a range of feed additives are used routinely, concerns have been raised on the potential public health risk of chicken product consumption. This study was conducted to characterize the contents of trace metals in fresh chicken tissues (354 samples) on the food markets in Guangdong province of southern China, a major region of chicken production with heavy per capita chicken consumption, and to assess the public health risk from chronic dietary exposure to the trace metals through chicken consumption...
December 8, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227900/exposures-to-fine-particulate-matter-pm2-5-and-birthweight-in-a-rural-urban-mother-child-cohort-in-tamil-nadu-india
#5
Kalpana Balakrishnan, Santu Ghosh, Gurusamy Thangavel, Sankar Sambandam, Krishnendu Mukhopadhyay, Naveen Puttaswamy, Arulselvan Sadasivam, Padmavathi Ramaswamy, Priscilla Johnson, Rajarajeswari Kuppuswamy, Durairaj Natesan, Uma Maheshwari, Amudha Natarajan, Gayathri Rajendran, Rengaraj Ramasami, Sathish Madhav, Saraswathy Manivannan, Srinivasan Nargunanadan, Srinivasan Natarajan, Sudhakar Saidam, Moumita Chakraborty, Lingeswari Balakrishnan, Vijayalakshmi Thanasekaraan
BACKGROUND: Exposure to PM2.5 (fine particulate matter <less than 2.5µm in aerodynamic diameter) related to ambient and household air pollution has been associated with low birthweight. Few of these studies, however, have been conducted in high exposure settings that are commonly encountered in low and middle income countries (LMICs). OBJECTIVES: We examined whether PM2.5 exposures during pregnancy were associated with birthweight in an integrated rural-urban, mother-child cohort in the state of Tamil Nadu, India...
December 8, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227843/symbolic-perceptions-of-methamphetamine-differentiating-between-ice-and-shake
#6
Heith Copes, Whitney Tchoula, Jennifer Kim, Jared Ragland
BACKGROUND: Although public perceptions of methamphetamine (meth) consider all forms of the drug as the same, this is not true among those who use it. Our aim is to examine how those who use meth perceive two forms of meth (ice and shake) using the theoretical framework of symbolic boundaries. METHODS: We rely on data collected from a photo-ethnography with people who use methamphetamine in rural Alabama. The ethnography consisted of formal interviews (with 52 participants), informal observations, and photography...
December 8, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227444/the-association-between-local-economic-conditions-and-opioid-prescriptions-among-disabled-medicare-beneficiaries
#7
Chao Zhou, Ning Neil Yu, Jan L Losby
BACKGROUND: This paper concerns public health crises today-the problem of opioid prescription access and related abuse. Inspired by Case and Deaton's seminal work on increasing mortality among white Americans with lower education, this paper explores the relationship between opioid prescribing and local economic factors. OBJECTIVE: We examined the association between county-level socioeconomic factors (median household income, unemployment rate, Gini index) and opioid prescribing...
January 2018: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227416/rurality-quality-improvement-maturity-and-accreditation-readiness-a-comparison-study-of-colorado-kansas-and-nebraska-local-health-departments
#8
Abbey Gregg, Sarbinaz Bekmuratova, David Palm, Lisa VanRaemdonck, Gianfranco Pezzino, Li-Wu Chen, Peter Manetta
OBJECTIVE: To compare local health department (LHD) accreditation readiness (AR) and quality improvement (QI) maturity in 3 states, between LHDs with varying levels of rurality, and across an LHD staffing-level continuum. DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional comparative study that included an online survey administered to LHD directors in Colorado, Kansas, and Nebraska. The survey included 10 questions assessed on a 5-point Likert scale covering 3 QI domains and 13 questions covering 5 AR domains...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227323/small-scale-sustainable-water-project-decreases-infections-complements-short-term-medical-missions
#9
Linda Johanson, Carol Claypool
Many communities in developing countries do not have access to clean water, which is essential to health. This project involved the installation of clean water filters in two rural Guatemalan villages, a small-scale sustainable community project proposed by a short-term medical mission team and accomplished in partnership with local missionaries. The percentage of infections in adult visitors to medical clinics was assessed pre- and postinstallation of filters, and although not statistically significant, decreased...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Christian Nursing: a Quarterly Publication of Nurses Christian Fellowship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227026/the-prevalence-of-asthma-in-iranian-adults-the-first-national-survey-and-the-most-recent-updates
#10
Mohammad Reza Fazlollahi, Mehdi Najmi, Mojtaba Fallahnezhad, Nastaran Sabetkish, Anoushiravan Kazemnejad, Katayoon Bidad, Raheleh Shokouhi Shoormasti, Maryam Mahloujirad, Zahra Pourpak, Mostafa Moin
BACKGROUND: The worldwide increase in the prevalence of asthma has made it a major public-health concern. We aimed to identify the prevalence of asthma and asthma symptoms in adults living in urban and rural areas of Iran as a populated country with about 80 millions of residents. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted to estimate the prevalence of asthma in adults between 20 to 44 years old in all provinces of Iran. Data were collected by personal interview via a standardized questionnaire (European Community Respiratory Health Survey (ECRHS)) between November 2015 and February 2016...
December 11, 2017: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226455/perceptions-of-oral-health-among-older-cambodians-and-their-caregivers-a-qualitative-study
#11
Rithvitou Horn, Chanlay Heng, Chamrouen Chea, Chanthyda Sieng, Chenlay Louv, Bathsheba Turton, Callum Durward, Noor Hayaty Abu Kasim
OBJECTIVE: Older adults (those above the age of 60) are an emerging demographic in Cambodia, and very little is understood about their oral health experiences, needs, perceptions and behaviours. The aim of this study was to explore the oral health experiences, practices and perceptions of a convenience sample of a small but diverse group of older adults in Cambodia. METHOD: A cross-sectional qualitative study in which focus group interviews were conducted by 5 trained senior Cambodian dental students...
December 11, 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226216/prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-tuberculosis-in-prisons-settings-of-east-gojjam-zone-northwest-ethiopia
#12
Mucheye Gizachew Beza, Emirie Hunegnaw, Moges Tiruneh
Background: Tuberculosis, mainly in prisoners, is a major public health problem in Ethiopia where there is no medical screening during prison admission. This creates scarcity of TB data in such settings. Objective: To determine prevalence and associated factors of TB in prisons in East Gojjam Zone, Northwest Ethiopia. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted from February to May 2016 among 265 prisoners in three prison sites. Sputum was processed using GeneXpert MTB/RIF...
2017: International Journal of Bacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226191/time-to-drug-resistant-tuberculosis-treatment-in-a-prospective-south-african-cohort
#13
Brittney J van de Water, Janet Prvu Bettger, Susan Silva, Janice Humphreys, Coleen K Cunningham, Jason E Farley
This study examined time to treatment initiation by age among a prospective cohort with drug-resistant tuberculosis (DR-TB). Participants aged 13 years or older nested within a cluster-randomized trial in 2 South African provinces were evaluated. Outcomes were treatment initiation within 5 days of DR-TB diagnosis (National Tuberculosis Program guidelines) and days from diagnosis to treatment. A total of 521 participants met inclusion criteria. Eighty-two patients (16%) met national guidelines; median time to treatment was 11 days (range = 0-180)...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225944/biopsychosocial-factors-associated-with-chronic-low-back-pain-disability-in-rural-nigeria-a-population-based-cross-sectional-study
#14
Chinonso Nwamaka Igwesi-Chidobe, Bolaji Coker, Chika N Onwasigwe, Isaac O Sorinola, Emma L Godfrey
Introduction: Many people in Nigeria are living with disability due to chronic low back pain (CLBP), with the greatest burden accounted for by people living in rural Nigeria. However, factors associated with disability in rural Nigeria have not yet been established. We investigated the biomechanical and psychosocial predictors of CLBP disability in a rural Nigerian population. Methods: A cross-sectional study of adults with non-specific CLBP recruited from rural communities in Enugu State, South-eastern Nigeria...
2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225937/use-of-standardised-patients-to-assess-quality-of-healthcare-in-nairobi-kenya-a-pilot-cross-sectional-study-with-international-comparisons
#15
Benjamin Daniels, Amy Dolinger, Guadalupe Bedoya, Khama Rogo, Ana Goicoechea, Jorge Coarasa, Francis Wafula, Njeri Mwaura, Redemptar Kimeu, Jishnu Das
Introduction: The quality of clinical care can be reliably measured in multiple settings using standardised patients (SPs), but this methodology has not been extensively used in Sub-Saharan Africa. This study validates the use of SPs for a variety of tracer conditions in Nairobi, Kenya, and provides new results on the quality of care in sampled primary care clinics. Methods: We deployed 14 SPs in private and public clinics presenting either asthma, child diarrhoea, tuberculosis or unstable angina...
2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225471/glucose-tolerance-testing-and-anthropometric-comparisons-among-rural-residents-of-kyiv-region-investigating-the-possible-effect-of-childhood-starvation-a-community-based-study
#16
Mykola D Khalangot, Volodymir A Kovtun, Nadia V Okhrimenko, Vitaly G Gurianov, Victor I Kravchenko
A relationship between childhood starvation and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D) in adulthood was previously indicated. Ukraine suffered a series of artificial famines between 1921 and 1947. Famines of 1932 to 1933 and 1946 were most severe among them. Long-term health consequences of these famines remain insufficiently investigated. Type 2 diabetes mellitus screening was conducted between June 2013 and December 2014. A total of 198 rural residents of Kyiv region more than 44 years of age, not registered as patients with T2D, were randomly selected...
2017: Nutrition and Metabolic Insights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224576/using-structural-equation-modelling-to-assess-factors-influencing-children-s-growth-and-nutrition-in-rural-china
#17
Zixi Cheng, Ling Shi, Ying Li, Yan Wang, Jingxu Zhang
OBJECTIVE: Children's poor growth and nutrition status has serious consequences and therefore it is important to understand its contributing factors. DESIGN: A community-based interventional study focusing on child feeding was conducted in a rural community in China. Data from the intervention group at baseline (1-4 months of age) and follow-up visits (12 and 18 months of age) were used in the present study (n 236). A structural equation model was generated to explore the effects of family wealth, household food safety, dietary intake, diseases and other factors on the growth and nutrition of young children...
December 11, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223937/echinococcosis-and-other-parasitic-infections-in-domestic-dogs-from-urban-areas-of-an-argentinean-patagonian-city
#18
Verónica Flores, Gustavo Viozzi, Gilda Garibotti, Daniela Zacharias, María Florencia Debiaggi, Surpik Kabaradjian
In urban populations of South America, dogs with free access to public areas represent a public health concern. The primary consequence of roaming dogs on human health is the transmission of infectious and parasitic diseases mainly through feces contamination. The main diseases likely to be transmitted are hydatidosis or echinococcosis, larva migrans, and giardiasis. In Argentina, hydatidosis ranks among the most prevalent zoonosis. Although it is considered a rural disease, the circulation of this parasite in urban areas has been documented...
2017: Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223209/nurse-led-initiatives-to-implement-universal-screening-for-perinatal-emotional-complications
#19
Marissa Tenenbaum Potter
Perinatal emotional complications are the most common pregnancy complications in the United States. This article reviews three recent studies that illustrate the prevalence of and risk factors for perinatal emotional complications and sheds light on the inconsistency of screening by health care providers in acute care and outpatient settings. Also presented is an example of nurse-led quality improvement initiatives aimed at implementing universal screening in a rural New England county, which resulted in 100% screening with the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale across health care facilities within the community, as well as a system-wide change in the approach to identifying and treating perinatal emotional complications...
December 2017: Nursing for Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223086/perceived-versus-actual-water-quality-community-studies-in-rural-oaxaca-mexico
#20
Lewis Stetson Rowles, Reinaldo Alcalde, Francisca Bogolasky, Soyoon Kum, Farith A Diaz-Arriaga, Craig Ayres, Anne M Mikelonis, Luis Javier Toledo-Flores, Manuel Gerardo Alonso-Gutiérrez, Maria Eufemia Pérez-Flores, Desmond F Lawler, Peter M Ward, Juana Yolanda Lopez-Cruz, Navid B Saleh
Compromised water quality risks public health, which becomes particularly acute in economically marginalized communities. Although the majority of the clean-water-deprived population resides in Sub-Saharan Africa and Asia, a significant portion (32 million) lives in Meso- and Latin-America. Oaxaca is one of the marginalized southern states of Mexico, which has experienced high morbidity from infectious diseases and also has suffered from a high rate of infant mortality. However, there has been a paucity of reports on the status of water quality of culturally diverse rural Oaxaca...
December 6, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
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