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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231668/-prevalence-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-chinese-adults-in-2010-2012
#1
Y N He, W H Zhao, L Y Zhao, D M Yu, J Zhang, X G Yang, G G Ding
Objective: To estimate the prevalence and distribution of metabolic syndrome (MS) in Chinese adults. Methods: Cross-sectional data on 104 098 men and women aged 18 years or above was gathered from 150 monitoring sites from 31 provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities from the China National Health and Nutrition Surveillance (2010-2012) Project. Data was randomly selected by multi-stage stratified and Probability Proportionate to Size (PPS) cluster random sampling method. Prevalence of MS was defined under the diagnostic criteria of China Diabetes Society (CDS)...
February 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231336/comparison-of-neurological-health-outcomes-between-two-adolescent-cohorts-exposed-to-pesticides-in-egypt
#2
Ahmed A Ismail, Matthew R Bonner, Olfat Hendy, Gaafar Abdel Rasoul, Kai Wang, James R Olson, Diane S Rohlman
Pesticide-exposed adolescents may have a higher risk of neurotoxic effects because of their developing brains and bodies. However, only a limited number of studies have addressed this risk among adolescents. The aim of this study was to compare neurological outcomes from two cohorts of Egyptian adolescents working as pesticide applicators. In 2005 and 2009, two cohorts of male adolescents working as pesticide applicators for the cotton crop were recruited from Menoufia Governorate, Egypt. The same application schedule and pesticides were used at both times, including both organophosphorus, and pyrethroid compounds...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231236/errata-vol-66-no-ss-5
#3
(no author information available yet)
In the Surveillance Summary "Health-Related Behaviors by Urban-Rural County Classification - United States, 2013," errors occurred in Table 1 and Table 2. On page 5, in Table 1, under the Micropolitan column, the 95% CI values should have been (75.7-77.3) for the current nonsmoking row and (29.8-31.4) for the maintaining normal body weight row; under the Noncore column, the 95% CI values should have been (74.0-75.9) for the current nonsmoking row, (28.0-29.8) for the maintaining body weight row, and (45.7-47...
February 24, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231042/cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-four-simulated-colorectal-cancer-screening-interventions-north-carolina
#4
Kristen Hassmiller Lich, David A Cornejo, Maria E Mayorga, Michael Pignone, Florence K L Tangka, Lisa C Richardson, Tzy-Mey Kuo, Anne-Marie Meyer, Ingrid J Hall, Judith Lee Smith, Todd A Durham, Steven A Chall, Trisha M Crutchfield, Stephanie B Wheeler
INTRODUCTION: Colorectal cancer (CRC) screening rates are suboptimal, particularly among the uninsured and the under-insured and among rural and African American populations. Little guidance is available for state-level decision makers to use to prioritize investment in evidence-based interventions to improve their population's health. The objective of this study was to demonstrate use of a simulation model that incorporates synthetic census data and claims-based statistical models to project screening behavior in North Carolina...
February 23, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230751/the-feasibility-of-embedding-data-collection-into-the-routine-service-delivery-of-a-multi-component-program-for-high-risk-young-people
#5
Alice Knight, Alys Havard, Anthony Shakeshaft, Myfanwy Maple, Mieke Snijder, Bernie Shakeshaft
BACKGROUND: There is little evidence about how to improve outcomes for high-risk young people, of whom Indigenous young people are disproportionately represented, due to few evaluation studies of interventions. One way to increase the evidence is to have researchers and service providers collaborate to embed evaluation into the routine delivery of services, so program delivery and evaluation occur simultaneously. This study aims to demonstrate the feasibility of integrating best-evidence measures into the routine data collection processes of a service for high-risk young people, and identify the number and nature of risk factors experienced by participants...
February 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229562/out-of-pocket-costs-and-burden-among-rural-breast-cancer-survivors
#6
Maria Pisu, Andres Azuero, Rachel Benz, Patrick McNees, Karen Meneses
Little is known about out-of-pocket (OOP) costs incurred for medical and health needs by rural breast cancer survivors and what factors may be associated with higher OOP costs and the associated economic burden. Data were examined for 432 survivors participating in the Rural Breast Cancer Survivor Intervention trial. OOP costs were collected using the Work and Finances Inventory survey at baseline and four assessments every 3 months. Mean and median OOP costs and burden (percent of monthly income spent on OOP costs) were reported and factors associated with OOP costs and burden identified with generalized linear models fitted with over-dispersed gamma distributions and logarithmic links (OOP costs) and with beta distributions with logit link (OOP burden)...
February 23, 2017: Cancer Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229320/primary-headache-disorders-in-the-adult-general-population-of-pakistan-a-cross-sectional-nationwide-prevalence-survey
#7
A A Herekar, A Ahmad, U L Uqaili, B Ahmed, J Effendi, S Z Alvi, M A Shahab, U Javed, A D Herekar, Rafiq Khanani, T J Steiner
BACKGROUND: The large geographical gaps in our knowledge of the prevalence and burden of headache disorders include almost all of Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR). We report a nationwide population-based study in Pakistan, an EMR country with the sixth largest population in the world, conducted as a project within the Global Campaign against Headache. METHODS: We surveyed six locations from the four provinces of Pakistan: Punjab, Sindh, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Baluchistan...
December 2017: Journal of Headache and Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229045/occurrence-of-giardia-cryptosporidium-and-entamoeba-in-wild-rhesus%C3%A2-macaques-macaca-mulatta-living-in-urban-and-semi-rural-north-west-india
#8
John J Debenham, Kristoffer Tysnes, Sandhya Khunger, Lucy J Robertson
Giardia duodenalis, Cryptosporidium spp., and Entamoeba spp. are intestinal protozoa capable of infecting a range of host species, and are important causes of human morbidity and mortality. Understanding their epidemiology is important, both for public health and for the health of the animals they infect. This study investigated the occurrence of these protozoans in rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta) in India, with the aim of providing preliminary information on the potential for transmission of these pathogens between macaques and humans...
April 2017: International Journal for Parasitology. Parasites and Wildlife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228246/engaging-patients-with-heart-failure-into-the-design-of-health-system-interventions-impact-on-research-methods
#9
Robin P Newhouse, Meg Johantgen, Sue A Thomas, Nina M Trocky, Cheryl Dennison-Himmelfarb, Jooyoung Cheon, Wanda Miller, Tracy Gray, Robin Pruitt
The purpose of this study was to engage patients with heart failure (HF) to assess if changes are needed in a research study design, methods and outcomes when transferring interventions used in urban/community hospitals to rural hospital settings. A qualitative structured interview was conducted with eight patients with a diagnosis of HF admitted to two rural hospitals. Patients validated the study design, measures and outcomes, but identified one area that should be added to the study protocol, symptom experience...
February 19, 2017: Geriatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228126/hepatitis-c-virus-and-hiv-co-infection-among-pregnant-women-in-rwanda
#10
Mwumvaneza Mutagoma, Helene Balisanga, Dieudonné Sebuhoro, Aimable Mbituyumuremyi, Eric Remera, Samuel S Malamba, David J Riedel, Sabin Nsanzimana
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a pandemic causing disease; more than 185 million people are infected worldwide. An HCV antibody (Ab) prevalence of 6.0% was estimated in Central African countries. The study aimed at providing HCV prevalence estimates among pregnant women in Rwanda. METHODS: HCV surveillance through antibody screening test among pregnant women attending antenatal clinics was performed in 30 HIV sentinel surveillance sites in Rwanda...
February 22, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228115/weight-loss-and-exercise-for-communities-with-arthritis-in-north-carolina-we-can-design-and-rationale-of-a-pragmatic-assessor-blinded-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Stephen P Messier, Leigh F Callahan, Daniel P Beavers, Kate Queen, Shannon L Mihalko, Gary D Miller, Elena Losina, Jeffrey N Katz, Richard F Loeser, Sara A Quandt, Paul DeVita, David J Hunter, Mary F Lyles, Jovita Newman, Betsy Hackney, Joanne M Jordan
BACKGROUND: Recently, we determined that in a rigorously monitored environment an intensive diet-induced weight loss of 10% combined with exercise was significantly more effective at reducing pain in men and women with symptomatic knee osteoarthritis (OA) than either intervention alone. Compared to previous long-term weight loss and exercise trials of knee OA, our intensive diet-induced weight loss and exercise intervention was twice as effective at reducing pain intensity. Whether these results can be generalized to less intensively monitored cohorts is unknown...
February 22, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228061/suicidal-plans-and-attempts-among-adolescents-in-mongolia
#12
Sarantsetseg Davaasambuu, Suvd Batbaatar, Susan Witte, Phillip Hamid, Maria A Oquendo, Marjorie Kleinman, Michael Olivares, Madelyn Gould
BACKGROUND: Although 75% of suicides occur in low- and middle-income countries, few studies have examined suicidal behaviors among young people in these countries. AIMS: This study aimed to examine what individual characteristics were associated with suicidal plans and attempts among Mongolian youth and whether suicidal risks and behaviors varied by urban and rural locations. METHOD: Logistic regression analyses were utilized to investigate suicidal plans and attempts among 5,393 adolescents using the Global Student Health Survey - 2013...
February 23, 2017: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227036/using-i2b2-to-bootstrap-rural-health-analytics-and-learning-networks
#13
Daniel R Harris, Adam D Baus, Tamela J Harper, Traci D Jarrett, Cecil R Pollard, Jeffery C Talbert, Daniel R Harris, Adam D Baus, Tamela J Harper, Traci D Jarrett, Cecil R Pollard, Jeffery C Talbert, Jeffery C Talbert, Daniel R Harris, Traci D Jarrett, Tamela J Harper, Adam D Baus, Cecil R Pollard
We demonstrate that the open-source i2b2 (Informatics for Integrating Biology and the Bedside) data model can be used to bootstrap rural health analytics and learning networks. These networks promote communication and research initiatives by providing the infrastructure necessary for sharing data and insights across a group of healthcare and research partners. Data integration remains a crucial challenge in connecting rural healthcare sites with a common data sharing and learning network due to the lack of interoperability and standards within electronic health records...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226069/rural-families-interpretations-of-experiencing-unexpected-transition-in-the-wake-of-a-natural-disaster
#14
Gisele Cristina Manfrini Fernandes, Astrid Eggert Boehs, Sharon A Denham, Rosane Gonçalves Nitschke, Jussara Gue Martini
Natural disasters affect populations in various parts of the world. The impacts of disasters can cause many problems to the health of people and disruption to family life, potentially leading to an unexpected transition. The objective of this paper is to present the unexpected transitional experiences of rural families following a natural disaster. A multiple case study of six families was conducted with children and adolescents in a rural area affected by a 2008 disaster in southern Brazil. For data collection, we used participant observation, narrative interviews, genograms, ecomaps and an instrument called calendar routine...
February 13, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225942/-health-inequalities-on-adolescents-risk-behavior-indicators-in-mexico-analysis-of-two-national-health-surveys
#15
Juan Pablo Gutiérrez, Sebastián García-Saisó, Rodrigo Espinosa-de la Peña, Dulce Alejandra Balandrán
Objective: To document socioeconomic health inequalities on adolescents' risk behaviors in Mexico using gap and gradient measures. Materials and methods: Analysis of the national health surveys 2000 and 2012 measuring absolute and relative gaps as well as the slope index of inequality for risk behavior indicators on adolescents using socioeconomic indicators and also measuring gaps for sex, urban/rural residency, and indigenous/non-indigenous population. Results: For sexual risk behaviors, inequalities are reflected in a lower probability of using protection at the first sexual intercourse among those living in households with lower income for women and men as well as higher probability of ever being pregnant for adolescents of lower income...
November 2016: Salud Pública de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225941/-health-inequality-on-results-and-access-indicators-for-children-in-mexico-analysis-of-national-health-surveys
#16
Juan Pablo Gutiérrez, Sebastián García-Saisó, Rodrigo Espinosa-de la Peña, Dulce Alejandra Balandrán
Objective: To analyze inequalities in health care indicators of children 0 to 9 years old in Mexico reporting gap and gradient measures. Materials and methods: Cross-sectional analysis of national health surveys in 2000, 2006 and 2012, measuring absolute and relative gap measures as well as the Slope Index of Inequality for four health care indicators (vaccination, care for acute respiratory infections, care for acute diarrheal diseases, and care for accidents) with socioeconomic stratification, as well as absolute gaps by sex, urbanicity and ethnic background...
November 2016: Salud Pública de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225940/-monitoring-of-inequality-in-financial-protection-and-healthcare-in-mexico-an-analysis-of-health-surveys-2000-2006-and-2012
#17
Juan Pablo Gutiérrez, Sebastián García-Saisó, Rodrigo Espinosa-de la Peña, Dulce Alejandra Balandrán
Objective: To analyze trends in inequality in financial protection and healthcare in Mexico between 2000 and 2012, using simple and complex measures. Materials and methods: Analysis of national health surveys 2000, 2006 and 2012, generating estimates of absolute and relative gaps and the slope index of inequality using imputated income as socioeconomic measure, and differences by sex, rural/urban residence, and ethnic background. Results: Between 2000 and 2012, socioeconomic inequality in financial protection vanished, while it remains in healthcare access, with larger barriers to access healthcare among those in the lowest socioeconomic condition...
November 2016: Salud Pública de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225822/a-reconfiguration-of-the-sex-trade-how-social-and-structural-changes-in-eastern-zimbabwe-left-women-involved-in-sex-work-and-transactional-sex-more-vulnerable
#18
Jocelyn Elmes, Morten Skovdal, Kundai Nhongo, Helen Ward, Catherine Campbell, Timothy B Hallett, Constance Nyamukapa, Peter J White, Simon Gregson
Understanding the dynamic nature of sex work is important for explaining the course of HIV epidemics. While health and development interventions targeting sex workers may alter the dynamics of the sex trade in particular localities, little has been done to explore how large-scale social and structural changes, such as economic recessions-outside of the bounds of organizational intervention-may reconfigure social norms and attitudes with regards to sex work. Zimbabwe's economic collapse in 2009, following a period (2000-2009) of economic decline, within a declining HIV epidemic, provides a unique opportunity to study community perceptions of the impact of socio-economic upheaval on the sex trade...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225798/effect-of-maternal-death-on-child-survival-in-rural-west-africa-25-years-of-prospective-surveillance-data-in-the-gambia
#19
Susana Scott, Lindsay Kendall, Pierre Gomez, Stephen R C Howie, Syed M A Zaman, Samba Ceesay, Umberto D'Alessandro, Momodou Jasseh
BACKGROUND: The death of a mother is a tragedy in itself but it can also have devastating effects for the survival of her children. We aim to explore the impact of a mother's death on child survival in rural Gambia, West Africa. METHODS: We used 25 years of prospective surveillance data from the Farafenni Health and Demographic surveillance system (FHDSS). Mortality rates per 1,000 child-years up to ten years of age were estimated and Kaplan-Meier survival curves plotted by maternal vital status...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225349/temporal-trends-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-mortality-in-mexico-1999-2014
#20
E Hernández-Garduño, H L Ocaña-Servín
SETTING: Country of Mexico. OBJECTIVE: To determine mortality trends due to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in Mexico between 1999 and 2014. DESIGN: COPD mortality data for persons aged ≥40 years from 1999 to 2014 were obtained from the official website of the Mexican Ministry of Health. Age-standardised mortality rates (ASMRs) were calculated, and joinpoint regression analysis was used to identify trends over time. The annual per cent change (APC) was determined for each trend...
March 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
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