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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651393/-a-cross-section-study-on-physical-endurance-level-in-primary-and-middle-school-students-in-china-2014
#1
R Tian, Z H Wang, Y H Dong, Z P Yang, J Ma
Objective: To understand the physical endurance level of primary and middle school students in China in 2014, and identify the factors influencing students'physical endurance. Methods: Data were collected from"National School Student Physical Fitness and Health Surveillance in 2014" , a total of 142 708 primary and middle school students with complete information were included in the analysis. The age, gender and area specific failure rates of endurance running of students were analyzed, the differences were analyzed with χ(2) test, and the factors influencing students' physical endurance were identified with log-binomial regression model...
May 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651392/-analysis-of-hemoglobin-level-and-anemia-prevalence-in-students-aged-7-14-years-in-china-2014
#2
Z G Yang, Z H Wang, J Ma
Objective: To analyze the level of hemoglobin level and the prevalence of anemia in students aged 7-14 years in China. Methods: According to the 2010 Chinese National Surveys on Students'Constitution and Health, 71 130 students who were aged 7, 9, 12 and 14 years and had received hemoglobin test were sampled as the subjects, WHO anemia diagnostic criteria was used to explore the hemoglobin level and the prevalence of anemia. Results: The mean concentrations of hemoglobin were (129.25±11.37) g/L, (131.04±11...
May 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651391/-prevalence-of-myopia-and-increase-trend-in-children-and-adolescents-aged-7-18-years-in-han-ethnic-group-in-china-2005-2014
#3
Y H Dong, H B Liu, Z H Wang, Z P Yang, R B Xu, Z G Yang, J Ma
Objective: To understand and evaluate the prevalence of myopia and its trend in children and adolescents aged 7-18 years in Han ethnic group in China from 2005 to 2014, and provide evidence for the prevention of myopia. Methods: The data of 2005, 2010 and 2014 Chinese National Students Constitution and Health Surveys were collected. The children and adolescents with complete detection data of binoculus were selected as study subjects. The sample size of three studies were 233 108, 215 319 and 212 743, respectively...
May 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651388/-tobacco-use-rate-and-associated-factors-in-middle-school-students-in-china
#4
L Xiao, G Z Feng, Y Jiang, J R Zhang, L X Liu
Objective: To understand tobacco use rate and explore the factors associated with tobacco use in middle school students in China. Methods: A self-administered questionnaire survey was conducted among 155 117 eligible middle students selected through multi-stage stratified cluster sampling from 31 provinces of China. The questionnaire consists of the following topics: tobacco use and cessation, passive smoking, access to tobacco products, tobacco control and tobacco advertisement, and knowledge about and attitudes to tobacco...
May 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651372/living-arrangements-disability-and-gender-of-older-adults-among-rural-south-africa
#5
Enid Schatz, Margaret Ralston, Sangeetha Madhavan, Mark A Collinson, F Xavier Gómez-Olivé
Objective: A limited understanding exists of the relationship between disability and older persons' living arrangements in low and middle-income countries (LMICs). We examine the associations between living arrangements, disability, and gender for individuals older than 50 years in rural South Africa. Method: Using the Study on global AGEing and adult health (SAGE) survey and Agincourt Health and socio-Demographic Surveillance System (HDSS) data, we explore older persons' self-reported disability by living arrangements and gender, paying particular attention to various multigenerational arrangements...
June 23, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650982/seroprevalence-and-risk-factors-of-hepatitis-e-virus-infection-among-pregnant-women-in-addis-ababa-ethiopia
#6
Meseret Abebe, Ibrahim Ali, Samuel Ayele, Johakim Overbo, Abraham Aseffa, Adane Mihret
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is highly endemic in several African countries with high mortality rate among pregnant women. The prevalence of antibodies to HEV in Ethiopian pregnant women is not known. The study was conducted to investigate the prevalence of anti-HEV IgG and anti-HEV IgM among pregnant women. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 386 serum samples were collected from pregnant women between April 2014 to January 2015 in Gandhi Memorial Hospital and four selected Health centers in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650337/risk-factors-of-neonatal-mortality-in-faisalabad-pakistan
#7
Sajjad Haider Bhatti, Hiba Izzam Mamuna, Muhammad Aftab, Muhammad Aslam, Nosheen Aslam, Syed Muhammad Ali Shah, Hamad Ahmed, Muhammad Akram
The objective of study was to find out major correlates of neonatal mortality. The main focus was in determining the impact of different demographic and health related characteristics of neonates and their mothers. A planned questionnaire was prepared in order to collect the information from mothers of newborns. The data were collected from different public and private hospitals of Faisalabad district. Discharge condition of neonate (dead or alive) was taken as response. Binary logistic regression was applied in order to unveil the impact of different contributory factors on the chances of neonatal mortality...
March 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650225/men-s-perceptions-of-treatment-as-prevention-in-south-africa-implications-for-engagement-in-hiv-care-and-treatment
#8
Alyssa C Mooney, Ann Gottert, Nomhle Khoza, Dumisani Rebombo, Jennifer Hove, Aimée Julien Suárez, Rhian Twine, Catherine MacPhail, Sarah Treves-Kagan, Kathleen Kahn, Audrey Pettifor, Sheri A Lippman
While South Africa provides universal access to treatment, HIV testing and antiretroviral therapy (ART) uptake remains low, particularly among men. Little is known about community awareness of the effects of treatment on preventing transmission, and how this information might impact HIV service utilization. This qualitative study explored understandings of treatment as prevention (TasP) among rural South African men. Narratives emphasized the know value of ART for individual health, but none were aware of its preventive effects...
June 2017: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649765/next-creating-an-interdisciplinary-alliance-to-diminish-informational-barriers-for-public-health-nursing
#9
Emily M Johnson, Krista Jones, Patricia Eathington, Carmen Howard, Rebecca Raszewski, Naomi M Twigg
BACKGROUND: Public health nurses (PHNs) are challenged in obtaining opportunities to learn evidence-based practice (EBP). An interdisciplinary alliance was created between health sciences librarians and nurse educators to create a continuing education (CE) opportunity. OBJECTIVE: To measure the effectiveness of CE training for PHNs on the knowledge gained about the EBP process and information resources. METHODS: Ten in-person CE workshops were offered to 69 attendees in rural and urban areas...
June 25, 2017: Health Information and Libraries Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649592/fluoride-concentration-level-in-rural-area-in-poldasht-city-and-daily-fluoride-intake-based-on-drinking-water-consumption-with-temperature
#10
Ali Akbar Mohammadi, Mahmood Yousefi, Amir Hossein Mahvi
Long-term exposure to high level of fluoride can caused several adverse effects on human health including dental and skeletal fluorosis. We investigated all the drinking water source located in rural areas of Poldasht city, west Azerbaijan Province, North West Iran between 2014 and 2015. Fluoride concentration of water samples was measured by SPADNS method. We found that in the villages of Poldasht the average of fluoride concentration in drinking water sources (well, and the river) was in the range mg/l 0...
August 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648930/associations-between-multiple-indicators-of-socio-economic-status-and-muscle-strengthening-activity-participation-in-a-nationally-representative-population-sample-of-australian-adults
#11
Jonathan Freeston, Jo Gale, Yorgi Mavros, Jason Bennie, Zeljko Pedisic, Adrian Bauman, Emmanuel Stamatakis
BACKGROUND: Muscle-strengthening activity (MSA) (e.g. weight training), confers unique health benefits. While socioeconomic status (SES) correlates with leisure time physical activity, little is known about its relation with MSA. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of a representative sample of 8993 Australian adults (>18years) who participated in the National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey 2011-12. Information was collected on SES (income, education, socio-economic disadvantage and remoteness) and MSA participation...
June 22, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648353/healthcare-contact-and-treatment-uptake-following-hepatitis-c-virus-screening-and-counseling-among-rural-appalachian-people-who-use-drugs
#12
Dustin B Stephens, April M Young, Jennifer R Havens
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) remains a major contributor to morbidity and mortality worldwide. Since 2009, Kentucky has led the United States in cases of acute HCV, driven largely by injection drug use in rural areas. Improved treatment regimens hold promise of mitigating the impact and transmission of HCV, but numerous barriers obstruct people who inject drugs (PWID) from receiving care, particularly in medically underserved settings. METHODS: 503 rural people who use drugs were recruited using respondent-driven sampling and received HCV screening and post-test counseling...
June 22, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648306/cost-benefit-analysis-and-assessment-of-quality-of-care-in-patients-with-hemophilia-undergoing-treatment-at-national-rural-health-mission-in-maharashtra-india
#13
Priyanka Singh, Kanchan Mukherjee
BACKGROUND: Hemophilia is a genetic disorder with high health care burden. In India, most patients with hemophilia seek care through self-purchasing factor concentrate and incur huge out-of-pocket (OOP) expenditure. In March 2013, the government of India launched a pilot hematology program through the National Rural Health Mission for providing free treatment services to patients with hemophilia in the state of Maharashtra. OBJECTIVES: To estimate the benefit-cost ratio of the program from a patient perspective, to estimate reduction in OOP expenditure of the patients and their families, and to assess the quality of care delivered and the barriers to access care among patients with hemophilia...
May 2017: Value in Health Regional Issues
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647982/-impact-of-diabetes-prevalence-and-mortality-on-health-life-expectancy-among-residents-in-zhejiang-province
#14
R Y Hu, F R Fei, J Pan, X Y Wang, H Wang, H B Wu, M Wang, W W Gong
Objective: To evaluate the impact of diabetes prevalence and mortality on health life expectancy (HLE). Methods: A cause-excluded health adjusted life expectancy method was used to quantitatively analyze the impact of diabetes on HLE and the composition of health life losses (HLL), using the integrated data on population mortality, self-assessed health status and diabetes prevalence. Results: The HLE for people aged 15 was 55.80 in Zhejiang, in 2013. After removing the diabetes morbidity and mortality, the HLE for men aged 15 increased by 0...
June 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647972/-relationship-between-pesticide-exposure-and-adverse-pregnancy-outcomes-among-reproductive-couples-in-rural-areas-of-china
#15
Y M Qu, S Chen, J J Li, R R Jin, H Pan, Y Jiang
Objective: To analyze the association between pesticide exposure and adverse pregnancy outcomes in women from the rural areas of China. Methods: Data of "National Free Preconception Health Examination Project (NFPHEP)" from January 2010 to December 2012 was used for analysis. A total of 248 501 families that were planning to deliver a baby in the next 6 months were enrolled. Data on paternal exposure to pesticides before or during pregnancy was collected through questionnaires, with related outcomes on pregnancy recorded by doctors...
June 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647843/alarming-increase-in-the-registration-of-degenerative-rotator-cuff-related-lesions-a-nationwide-epidemiological-study-investigating-244-519-patients
#16
Nina Monrad, Ann Ganestam, Thomas Kallemose, Kristoffer Weisskirchner Barfod
PURPOSE AND HYPOTHESIS: Shoulder lesions are common and a challenge to diagnose. They often result in significant disability for the patient and are an economic burden to society. From recent studies, an increasing incidence has been reported. The purpose of this study was to investigate and map the incidence of shoulder lesions in Denmark from 1996 to 2013 with focus on sex, age and geographical area. METHODS: The Danish National Patient Registry was searched retrospectively to find the number of shoulder lesions in Denmark during the period 1996-2013...
June 24, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647446/social-and-geographic-determinants-of-hysterectomy-in-ontario-a-population-based-retrospective-cross-sectional-analysis
#17
Innie Chen, Michelle R Wise, Sheila Dunn, Geoffrey Anderson, Naushaba Degani, Guylaine Lefebvre, Arlene S Bierman
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to determine whether social factors (neighbourhood education and income) and geographic factors (urban or rural dwelling and local service area) are associated with hysterectomy rates, proportion of hysterectomies performed minimally invasively, and hysterectomy complication and readmission rates in Ontario. METHODS: The Canadian Institute for Health Information Discharge Abstract Database was used to perform a population-based retrospective cross-sectional study on women who had an abdominal, vaginal, and laparoscopic hysterectomy in 2007 for benign gynaecologic conditions in hospitals in Ontario, Canada...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647187/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-blastocystis-infection-among-underprivileged-communities-in-rural-malaysia
#18
Nabilah Amelia Mohammad, Hesham M Al-Mekhlafi, Norhayati Moktar, Tengku Shahrul Anuar
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence and risk factors of Blastocystis among underprivileged communities living in rural Malaysia. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted among 253 participants aged between 1 and 85 years. Stool samples were examined using Wheatley's trichrome stain after in-vitro cultivation in Jones' medium to detect the presence of Blastocystis. Information pertaining to the demography, socioeconomic and environment were collected using pre-validated questionnaires...
May 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646921/factors-associated-with-intimate-partner-physical-violence-among-women-attending-antenatal-care-in-shire-endaselassie-town-tigray-northern-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-study-july-2015
#19
Berhane Hailu Gebrezgi, Marta Berta Badi, Endashaw Admassu Cherkose, Negassie Berhe Weldehaweria
BACKGROUND: Intimate partner physical violence is a common global phenomenon. About 30.00% and 38.83% of women in the world and in sub-Saharan Africa experienced physical violence by their partner respectively in 2013. Though intimate partner violence has serious adverse health consequences, there is limited information about partner violence during pregnancy in Ethiopia. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess the prevalnce of physical intimate partner violence during pregnancy and associated factors among women attending antenatal care in Shire Endaselassie town, Tigray, northen Ethiopia METHODS: A facility based cross-sectional study was conducted from May 3 to July 6, 2015...
June 24, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646897/an-exploration-of-facilitators-and-challenges-in-the-scale-up-of-a-national-public-sector-community-health-worker-cadre-in-zambia-a-qualitative-study
#20
Sydney Chauwa Phiri, Margaret Lippitt Prust, Caroline Phiri Chibawe, Ronald Misapa, Jan Willem van den Broek, Nikhil Wilmink
BACKGROUND: In 2010 a public sector cadre of community health workers called Community Health Assistants (CHAs) was created in Zambia through the National Community Health Worker Strategy to expand access to health services. This cadre continues to be scaled up to meet the growing demands of Zambia's rural population. We summarize factors that have facilitated the scale-up of the CHA program into a nationwide CHW cadre and the challenges of introducing and institutionalizing the cadre within the Zambian health system...
June 24, 2017: Human Resources for Health
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