keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Corrective services

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457737/determining-the-value-of-cerebrospinal-fluid-lactate-dehydrogenase-level-in-differentiating-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-from-traumatic-lumbar-puncture
#1
Morteza Saeedi, Elnaz Vahidi, Shirin Asri, Amirhosein Jahanshir
CONTEXT: - Lumbar puncture (LP) is still an important modality in the diagnosis of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Rapid and correct fluid analysis can provide patients with a better prognosis by appropriate intervention. OBJECTIVE: - To determine the value of cerebrospinal fluid lactate dehydrogenase level in differentiation between SAH and traumatic LP. DESIGN: - This was a cross-sectional observational study. Patients with a diagnostic suspicion of SAH, who were admitted to the emergency department, were enrolled in our study based on the inclusion criteria...
February 19, 2018: Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452722/traumatic-lingual-hematoma-resulting-in-bilateral-temporal-mandibular-joint-dislocations
#2
Dhara P Amin, Michael N Cooper, Kim I Newton
BACKGROUND: Lingual hematoma (LH) is a relatively uncommon entity seen after both medical and traumatic etiologies. Regardless of the cause, the feared complication is acute airway obstruction. CASE REPORT: Our case involves a 39-year-old man who presented to the Emergency Department via emergency medical services with an enlarging LH after an unwitnessed fall, suspected to be an alcohol withdrawal seizure. The bleeding was likely exacerbated by previously undiagnosed thrombocytopenia...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447884/knowledge-and-attitudes-of-early-childhood-development-practitioners-towards-hearing-health-in-poor-communities
#3
Shouneez Yousuf Hussein, De Wet Swanepoel, Leigh Biagio de Jager, Faheema Mahomed-Asmail
OBJECTIVE: Within the educational sector of low-and middle-income countries (LMICs), formal and informal early childhood development (ECD) centers are often the first point of contact for majority of children. Since early hearing detection services are mostly absent in LMICs, these ECD centers may serve as the first point of access to screenings for these children. ECD practitioner awareness regarding hearing and hearing loss is essential for the successful implementation of hearing screening programs...
March 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447177/physician-prescribing-of-opioid-agonist-treatments-in-provincial-correctional-facilities-in-ontario-canada-a-survey
#4
Fiona G Kouyoumdjian, Alexandra Patel, Matthew J To, Lori Kiefer, Leonora Regenstreif
BACKGROUND: Substance use and substance use disorders are common in people who experience detention or incarceration in Canada, and opioid agonist treatment (OAT) may reduce the harms associated with substance use disorders. We aimed to define current physician practice in provincial correctional facilities in Ontario with respect to prescribing OAT and to identify potential barriers and facilitators to prescribing OAT. METHODS: We invited all physicians practicing in the 26 provincial correctional facilities for adults in Ontario to participate in an online survey...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446064/roles-of-community-pharmacists-in-improving-oral-health-awareness-in-plateau-state-northern-nigeria
#5
Olaniyi Olufemi Taiwo, Raymond Panas
INTRODUCTION: There is poor oral health awareness in Nigeria because of limited access to correct information on oral health as well as a lack of oral health-care providers. The purpose of this study was to describe the roles of community pharmacists (CPs) in Plateau State, Northern Nigeria, as sources of oral health information in their communities. METHODS: A quantitative cross-sectional study on CPs spanning the entire State. Data collection was a survey method using a structured paper-based self-administered questionnaire...
February 15, 2018: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440216/fetal-alcohol-spectrum-disorder-and-youth-justice-a-prevalence-study-among-young-people-sentenced-to-detention-in-western-australia
#6
Carol Bower, Rochelle E Watkins, Raewyn C Mutch, Rhonda Marriott, Jacinta Freeman, Natalie R Kippin, Bernadette Safe, Carmela Pestell, Candy S C Cheung, Helen Shield, Lodewicka Tarratt, Alex Springall, Jasmine Taylor, Noni Walker, Emma Argiro, Suze Leitão, Sharynne Hamilton, Carmen Condon, Hayley M Passmore, Roslyn Giglia
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the prevalence of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) among young people in youth detention in Australia. Neurodevelopmental impairments due to FASD can predispose young people to engagement with the law. Canadian studies identified FASD in 11%-23% of young people in corrective services, but there are no data for Australia. DESIGN: Multidisciplinary assessment of all young people aged 10-17 years 11 months and sentenced to detention in the only youth detention centre in Western Australia, from May 2015 to December 2016...
February 13, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438337/patch-transporter-incentivized-decentralized-software-patch-system-for-wsn-and-iot-environments
#7
JongHyup Lee
[-12]In the complicated settings of WSN (Wireless Sensor Networks) and IoT (Internet of Things) environments, keeping a number of heterogeneous devices updated is a challenging job, especially with respect to effectively discovering target devices and rapidly delivering the software updates. In this paper, we convert the traditional software update process to a distributed service. We set an incentive system for faithfully transporting the patches to the recipient devices. The incentive system motivates independent, self-interested transporters for helping the devices to be updated...
February 13, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436408/enhanced-detection-services-for-developmental-dysplasia-of-the-hip-in-scottish-children-1997-2013
#8
David A McAllister, Joanne R Morling, Colin M Fischbacher, Mike Reidy, Alastair Murray, Rachael Wood
BACKGROUND: Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) remains common. If detected early, DDH can usually be corrected with conservative management. Late presentations often require surgery and have worse outcomes. OBJECTIVE: We estimated the risk of undergoing surgery for DDH by age 3 years before and after the introduction of enhanced DDH detection services. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Scotland, 1997/98-2010/11...
February 7, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432472/use-of-viral-load-surveillance-data-to-assess-linkage-to-care-for-persons-with-hiv-released-from-corrections
#9
Brian T Montague, Betsey John, Cara Sammartino, Michael Costa, Dawn Fukuda, Liza Solomon, Josiah D Rich
Incarcerated people remain a priority group in efforts to control and reverse the HIV epidemic. Following release, social instability and reengagement in key transmission risk behaviors increase the risk of secondary transmission of HIV. Targeted programs have been developed to facilitate reengagement in care on reentry. Evaluation of the impact of these initiatives requires a systematic, confidential, framework for assessment of linkage to care for persons released from corrections. By linking HIV viral load surveillance data to corrections release data, the time to the first laboratory monitoring service in the community as well as the virologic status can be assessed...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430575/knowledge-and-attitude-of-singapore-schoolchildren-learning-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-and-automated-external-defibrillator-skills
#10
Phek Hui Jade Kua, Alexander E White, Wai Yee Ng, Stephanie Fook-Chong, Eileen Kai Xin Ng, Yih Yng Ng, Marcus Eng Hock Ong
INTRODUCTION: Victims of out-of-hospital cardiac arrests require timely cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and early defibrillation. Persons making the call to emergency medical services will be asked to provide dispatcher-guided response until an ambulance arrives. Knowing what to expect in such circumstances should reduce both delay and confusion. METHODS: We conducted this study among schoolchildren aged 11-17 years using ten-item pre- and post-training surveys...
February 12, 2018: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429438/validation-of-the-simplified-motor-score-in-patients-with-traumatic-brain-injury-at-a-major-trauma-centre-in-south-africa
#11
J J P Buitendag, A Ras, V Y Kong, J L Bruce, G L Laing, D L Clarke, P Brysiewicz
BACKGROUND: This study used data from a large prospectively entered database to assess the efficacy of the motor score (M score) component of the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) and the Simplified Motor Score (SMS) in predicting overall outcome in patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI). OBJECTIVE: To safely and reliably simplify the scoring system used to assess level of consciousness of trauma patients in the acute setting. METHODS: A retrospective observational review of the Pietermaritzburg Metropolitan Trauma Service hybrid electronic medical registry database was performed during the period January 2013 - December 2015...
February 1, 2018: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425675/health-services-burden-of-undiagnosed-and-overdiagnosed-copd
#12
Andrea S Gershon, Deva Thiruchelvam, Kenneth R Chapman, Shawn D Aaron, Matthew B Stanbrook, Jean Bourbeau, Wan Tan, Teresa To
BACKGROUND: Misdiagnosis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is common. We aimed to quantify the health services burden of undiagnosed and overdiagnosed COPD in a real world, North American population. METHODS: A population-based cohort study was conducted. Presence of COPD using spirometry was ascertained in randomly selected adults age 40 or older from Ontario, Canada who participated in the Canadian Obstructive Lung Disease study. Presence of physician diagnosed COPD was ascertained for the same people using linked health administrative data...
February 6, 2018: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423368/multifaceted-interventions-to-reduce-acute-exacerbations-in-elderly-asthmatics
#13
So-Hee Lee, Woo-Jung Song, Heung-Woo Park, Min-Gyu Kang, Sae-Hoon Kim, Hye-Kyung Park, Sang-Heon Kim, Yong-Eun Kwon, Tae-Bum Kim, Byung-Jae Lee, Young-Koo Jee, Byung-Whui Choi, Sang-Heon Cho, Sun-Sin Kim
Background: Although many risk factors are known to be associated with poor asthma outcomes in the elderly, the literature on the effect of risk factor control on asthma outcomes in the elderly is very sparse. Objective: To evaluate the role of multifaceted interventions in reducing acute exacerbations in elderly asthmatics. Methods: A total of 100 subjects were randomly selected from our prospective cohort of elderly asthmatics aged 65 years or older and were provided multifaceted intervention for 1 year...
January 2018: Asia Pacific Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422062/sexual-and-reproductive-health-services-srhs-for-adolescents-in-enugu-state-nigeria-a-mixed-methods-approach
#14
Amelia Ngozi Odo, Efiong Sunday Samuel, Evelyn N Nwagu, Petra Obioma Nnamani, Chiemezie S Atama
BACKGROUND: Availability and accessibility of sexual and reproductive health services for adolescents are very crucial for prevention and control of sexual and reproductive health problems. These services also play vital roles in the promotion of adolescents' sexual and reproductive health generally. The main purpose of the study was to determine the availability and accessibility (geographical and financial) of sexual and reproductive health services (SRHS) among adolescents in Enugu State, Nigeria...
February 8, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409483/real-world-refractive-outcomes-of-toric-intraocular-lens-implantation-in-a-united-kingdom-national-health-service-setting
#15
Kanmin Xue, Jasleen K Jolly, Sonia P Mall, Shreya Haldar, Paul H Rosen, Robert E MacLaren
BACKGROUND: With increasing availability of toric intraocular lenses (IOL) for cataract surgery, real-world refractive outcome data is needed to aid the counselling of patients regarding lens choice. We aim to assess the outcomes of toric intraocular lens use in the non-specialist environment of a typical United Kingdom NHS cataract service. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study conducted at the Oxford Eye Hospital, Oxford University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, UK...
February 6, 2018: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409046/evaluation-of-dr%C3%A3-ger-drugtest-5000-in-a-naturalistic-setting
#16
Hallvard Gjerde, Grethe Brennhovd Clausen, Espen Andreassen, Håvard Furuhaugen
Reliable field testing devices for psychoactive drugs would be useful tools for the police for detecting drug-impaired drivers. The Norwegian Mobile Police Service (NMPS) started using Dräger DrugTest 5000 (DDT5000) in 2015 as an on-site screening instrument for drugs in samples of oral fluid. The aim of this study was to compare the results of field testing of DDT5000 with drug findings in blood and oral fluid samples taken from drivers suspected for driving under the influence of drugs (DUID). In total, 369 drivers were included in this field testing; blood samples were obtained from all of them, while oral fluid samples were collected with the Intercept device from 301 of them...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Analytical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408979/the-provision-of-seven-day-multidisciplinary-staffing-in-scottish-acute-medical-units-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
L E M Reid, N I Lone, Z J Morrison, C J Weir, M C Jones
Background: Acute medical units (AMUs) are a central component of the admission pathway for the majority of medical patients presenting to hospital in the United Kingdom (UK) and other international settings. Detail on multidisciplinary staffing provision on weekdays and weekends is lacking. Equity of staffing across seven days is a strategic priority for national health services in the UK. Aim: To evaluate weekday compared with weekend multidisciplinary staffing in a national set of AMUs...
February 2, 2018: QJM: Monthly Journal of the Association of Physicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406298/attitude-isn-t-the-only-thing-it-s-everything-humanistic-care-of-the-bariatric-patient-using-donabedian-s-perspective-on-quality-of-care
#18
Janice M Beitz
Comprehensive care of bariatric patients is challenging. Although structural knowledge exists about safe care given correct equipment and supplies, care processes also must be humane. The literature suggests morbidly obese patients may fear the health system because of past negative experiences. The purpose of this literature review was to examine quality issues in the care of bariatric patients in light of Donabedian's structure-process-outcomes model, emphasizing process components. Using the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), MEDLINE, and PsycINFO; the criteria English language and years 2005 to 2017; and the search terms morbid obesity, obesity, bariatric, attitudes, health professionals, health clinicians, and patient care yielded 150 articles...
January 2018: Ostomy/wound Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29404973/correctable-myths-about-research-misconduct-in-the-biomedical-sciences
#19
Barbara K Redman
A recent National Academy report on research integrity noted that policies are not evidence-based, with no formal entity responsible to attend to this deficit. Here we describe four areas of research misconduct (RM) regulations governing Public Health Service funded research that are empirically and/or ethically questionable. Policies for human subject protection, RM and conflict of interest are not harmonized, making it extremely difficult to deal with complex cases which often contain allegations in all of these areas...
February 5, 2018: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403573/comparing-the-medicaid-retrospective-drug-utilization-review-program-cost-savings-methods-used-by-state-agencies
#20
REVIEW
Sergio I Prada
Background: The Medicaid Drug Utilization Review (DUR) program is a 2-phase process conducted by Medicaid state agencies. The first phase is a prospective DUR and involves electronically monitoring prescription drug claims to identify prescription-related problems, such as therapeutic duplication, contraindications, incorrect dosage, or duration of treatment. The second phase is a retrospective DUR and involves ongoing and periodic examinations of claims data to identify patterns of fraud, abuse, underutilization, drug-drug interaction, or medically unnecessary care, implementing corrective actions when needed...
December 2017: American Health & Drug Benefits
keyword
keyword
23998
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"