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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107050/evaluation-of-a-responsible-beverage-service-and-enforcement-program-effects-on-bar-patron-intoxication-and-potential-impaired-driving-by-young-adults
#1
James C Fell, Deborah A Fisher, Jie Yao, A Scott McKnight
OBJECTIVE: Studies of alcohol-related harm (violence, injury, illness) suggest that the most significant risk factors are the amount of alcohol consumed and whether obviously intoxicated patrons continue to be served. This study's objective was to investigate the effects of a responsible beverage service (RBS)/enhanced alcohol enforcement intervention on bars, bar patrons, and impaired driving. METHOD: Two communities-Monroe County, NY, and Cleveland, OH-participated in a demonstration program and evaluation...
January 20, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103896/sexual-and-reproductive-health-services-utilization-by-female-sex-workers-is-context-specific-results-from-a-cross-sectional-survey-in-india-kenya-mozambique-and-south-africa
#2
Yves Lafort, Ross Greener, Anuradha Roy, Letitia Greener, Wilkister Ombidi, Faustino Lessitala, Jolene Skordis-Worrall, Mags Beksinska, Peter Gichangi, Sushena Reza-Paul, Jenni A Smit, Matthew Chersich, Wim Delva
BACKGROUND: Female sex workers (FSWs) are extremely vulnerable to adverse sexual and reproductive health (SRH) outcomes. To mitigate these risks, they require access to services covering not only HIV prevention but also contraception, cervical cancer screening and sexual violence. To develop context-specific intervention packages to improve uptake, we identified gaps in service utilization in four different cities. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted, as part of the baseline assessment of an implementation research project...
January 19, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100141/caring-to-learn-and-learning-to-care
#3
Kristin G Cloyes, Susan J Rosenkranz, Katherine P Supiano, Patricia H Berry, Meghan Routt, Sarah M Llanque, Kathleen Shannon-Dorcy
The increasing numbers of aging and chronically ill prisoners incarcerated in Western nations is well-documented, as is the growing need for prison-based palliative and end-of-life care. Less often discussed is specifically how end-of-life care can and should be provided, by whom, and with what resources. One strategy incorporates prisoner volunteers into end-of-life services within a peer-care program. This article reports on one such program based on focused ethnographic study including in-depth interviews with inmate hospice volunteers, nursing staff, and corrections officers working in the hospice program...
January 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100087/a-uhf-rfid-positioning-system-for-use-in-warehouse-navigation-by-employees-with-cognitive-disability
#4
Eric J M Gunther, Levin J Sliker, Cathy Bodine
Unemployment among the almost 5 million working-age adults with cognitive disabilities in the USA is a costly problem in both tax dollars and quality of life. Job coaching is an effective tool to overcome this, but the cost of job coaching services sums with every new employee or change of employment roles. There is a need for a cost-effective, automated alternative to job coaching that incurs a one-time cost and can be reused for multiple employees or roles. An effective automated job coach must be aware of its location and the location of destinations within the job site...
January 18, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099481/correction-comparing-maternal-services-utilization-and-expense-reimbursement-before-and-after-the-adjustment-of-the-new-rural-cooperative-medical-scheme-policy-in-rural-china
#5
Hua You, Hai Gu, Weiqing Ning, Hua Zhou, Hengjin Dong
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0158473.].
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095823/tobacco-smoking-policies-in-australian-alcohol-and-other-drug-treatment-services-agreement-between-staff-awareness-and-the-written-policy-document
#6
Eliza Skelton, Billie Bonevski, Flora Tzelepis, Anthony Shakeshaft, Ashleigh Guillaumier, Adrian Dunlop, Sam McCrabb, Kerrin Palazzi
BACKGROUND: Comprehensive smoke-free policy in the alcohol and other drug (AOD) setting provides an opportunity to reduce tobacco related harms among clients and staff. This study aimed to examine within AOD services: staff awareness of their service's smoking policy compared to the written policy document and staff and service factors associated with accurate awareness of a total ban and perceived enforcement of a total ban. METHODS: An audit of written tobacco smoking policy documents and an online cross-sectional survey of staff from 31 Australian AOD services...
January 17, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093927/impact-of-social-disadvantage-and-parental-offending-on-rates-of-criminal-offending-among-offspring-of-women-with-severe-mental-illness
#7
Giulietta Maria Valuri, Frank Morgan, Assen Jablensky, Vera Anne Morgan
OBJECTIVE: Children of parents with severe mental illness have an increased risk of offending. Studies suggest that risk factors such as parental offending and social disadvantage may be associated with the increased risk. This paper assesses the impact of these risk factors on offending rates in the offspring of women with severe mental illness compared to offspring of unaffected women. METHODS: This is part of a longitudinal record-linked whole-population study of 467,945 children born in Western Australia from 1980 to 2001 to mothers with severe mental illness and mothers with no recorded psychiatric illness...
January 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092837/differential-diagnosis-of-a-paroxysmal-neurological-event-do-neurologists-know-how-to-clinically-recognize-it
#8
Aleksandar J Ristić, Ksenija Mijović, Zoran Bukumirić, Nikola Vojvodić, Slavko Janković, Vladimir Baščarević, Tijana Đukić, Dragoslav Sokić
PURPOSE: To investigate ability to recognize paroxysmal neurological events (PNE) based on video-recorded events alone in a group of physicians treating prevalent neurological conditions. METHODS: Total of 12 patients' videos (6 epileptic seizures (ES), 4 psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES), 2 other nonepileptic seizures (oNES)) were selected. Videos were displayed once to physicians blind to clinical data and final diagnosis. Physicians determined their clinical choice: ES, PNES, oNES, and I don't know (IDK)...
January 13, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087975/screening-and-treating-helicobacter-pylori-infection-for-gastric-cancer-prevention-on-the-population-level
#9
REVIEW
Yi-Chia Lee, Jaw-Town Lin
Helicobacter pylori infection is the major cause of gastric cancer, and removal of H. pylori infection from a population could theoretically decrease the number of cases by about 89%. However, in real-life settings, few studies have reported the effect of screening and treating this pathogen in population-based programs. This is mainly because of the lack of an adequate infrastructure for delivery of systematic screening services to asymptomatic individuals, the lack of standardization to ensure that each subject receives the correct diagnostic testing and antibiotic treatment, and limited resources...
January 14, 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074570/development-of-the-sbirt-checklist-for-observation-in-real-time-score
#10
Janice A Vendetti, Bonnie G McRee, Frances K Del Boca
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Screening, Brief Intervention and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) programs have been implemented widely in medical settings, with little attention focused on how well providers adhere to evidence-based service delivery in everyday practice. The purposes of this paper were to: (1) introduce a flexible, relatively simple methodology, the SBIRT Checklist for Observation in Real-time (SCORe), to assess adherence to evidence-based practice and provide preliminary evidence supporting its criterion validity; and (2) illustrate the feasibility and potential utility of the SCORe by analyzing observations of providers within four large-scale SBIRT programs in the United States...
February 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069870/the-effect-of-pack-warning-labels-on-quitting-and-related-thoughts-and-behaviours-in-a-national-cohort-of-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-smokers
#11
Anna Nicholson, Ron Borland, Pele Bennet, Maureen Davey, Jasmine Sarin, Anke Van der Sterren, Matthew Stevens, David Thomas
INTRODUCTION: The high prevalence of smoking among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in Australia (39%) contributes substantially to health inequalities. This study assesses the impact of warning labels on quitting and related thoughts and behaviours for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander smokers. METHODS: Participants were recruited from communities served by 34 Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Services and communities in the Torres Strait, Australia, using quota sampling...
January 8, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069160/implementing-lung-cancer-screening-the-us-experience
#12
REVIEW
D R Aberle
The reduced lung cancer mortality observed with low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) screening in the National Lung Screening Trial (NLST) has led to annual screening in the United States as a covered benefit by both private insurers and the federal health insurance programme, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services. Reimbursement for screening requires data submission to a federal registry on all individuals, whether privately or federally insured. Data must document individual patient eligibility as well as shared decision-making regarding the benefits and risks of LDCT screening, smoking cessation counselling, and the importance of annual screening...
January 6, 2017: Clinical Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068789/pragmatic-trial-of-video-education-in-nursing-homes-the-design-and-rationale-for-a-pragmatic-cluster-randomized-trial-in-the-nursing-home-setting
#13
Vincent Mor, Angelo E Volandes, Roee Gutman, Constantine Gatsonis, Susan L Mitchell
Background/Aims Nursing homes are complex healthcare systems serving an increasingly sick population. Nursing homes must engage patients in advance care planning, but do so inconsistently. Video decision support tools improved advance care planning in small randomized controlled trials. Pragmatic trials are increasingly employed in health services research, although not commonly in the nursing home setting to which they are well-suited. This report presents the design and rationale for a pragmatic cluster randomized controlled trial that evaluated the "real world" application of an Advance Care Planning Video Program in two large US nursing home healthcare systems...
January 1, 2017: Clinical Trials: Journal of the Society for Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068553/the-relationship-of-community-activities-with-cognitive-impairment-and-depressive-mood-independent-of-mobility-disorder-in-japanese-older-adults
#14
Mika Okura, Mihoko Ogita, Miki Yamamoto, Toshimi Nakai, Tomoko Numata, Hidenori Arai
AIM: This study aimed to examine the relationship of participating in community activities (CA) with cognitive impairment and depressive mood independent of mobility disorder (MD) among older Japanese people. METHODS: Elderly residents in institutions or those requiring long-term care insurance services were excluded; questionnaires were mailed to 5401 older adults in 2013. The response rate was 94.3% (n=5094). We used multiple imputation to manage missing data...
December 29, 2016: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059059/-fighting-malpractice-and-uncooperative-behaviour-in-the-swiss-archive-for-veterinary-science-1816-2016
#15
U Jenny
Already back in the 18th century, the treatment of sick animals was reserved for licensed veterinarians in most Cantons. Various articles from the first 100 years of the Swiss Archives for Veterinary Science show that over and over again unqualified people offered their services to livestock owners. A detailed article from the year 1843 on the resulting situation in the Canton of Berne and the need for corrective measures are presented. At the beginning of the 20th century articles about malpractice among veterinarians, especially regarding the trade of medication predominate...
January 2017: Schweizer Archiv Für Tierheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058252/risk-assessment-in-the-recovery-of-food-for-social-solidarity-purposes-preliminary-data
#16
Vesna Milicevic, Giampaolo Colavita, Marta Castrica, Sabrina Ratti, Antonella Baldi, Claudia M Balzaretti
The most recent study, conducted by Politecnico of Milan, on food surplus management in Italy shows that in the Italian food supply chain the food surplus is around 5.5 million tons/year, and the amount of food wasted is around 5.1 million tons/year. During 2015, the charitable organizations (COs) belonging to the Italian Food Bank Network, active in recovering and distributing food for social solidarity's purposes, reused 381,345 tons of food from 2292 donors. The main supplying sources of the Banco Alimentare Network are: food industries, organized large-scale retail trade and collective catering service...
September 20, 2016: Italian Journal of Food Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057649/choroid-morphometric-analysis-in-non-neovascular-age-related-macular-degeneration-by-means-of-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography
#17
Maria Vittoria Cicinelli, Alessandro Rabiolo, Alessandro Marchese, Luigi de Vitis, Adriano Carnevali, Lea Querques, Francesco Bandello, Giuseppe Querques
AIMS: To describe the vascular changes in patients affected by non-neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD), featuring reticular pseudodrusen (RPD), drusen, or both RPD and drusen by means of optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A). METHODS: Cross-sectional observational case series. Patients with non-neovascular AMD presenting at the Medical Retina Service of the Department of Ophthalmology, University Vita-Salute San Raffaele in Milan were recruited...
January 5, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056999/aboriginal-and-non-aboriginal-australian-former-prisoners-patterns-of-morbidity-and-risk-of-hospitalisation
#18
Jane E Lloyd, Elizabeth McEntyre, Eileen Baldry, Julian Trofimovos, Devon Indig, Penelope Abbott, Jennifer Reath, Kathy Malera-Bandjalan, Mark F Harris
BACKGROUND: People who have been in custody are more likely to experience multiple, long standing health issues. They are at high risk of illness and injury post release and experience poor access to health services both of which contribute to high rates of recidivism. The study was conducted to examine Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal former prisoners' risk of hospitalisation and rehospitalisation in the five years post release from custody and identified the common reasons for hospitalisations...
January 5, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056767/bacterial-whole-genome-based-phylogeny-construction-of-a-new-benchmarking-dataset-and-assessment-of-some-existing-methods
#19
Johanne Ahrenfeldt, Carina Skaarup, Henrik Hasman, Anders Gorm Pedersen, Frank Møller Aarestrup, Ole Lund
BACKGROUND: Whole genome sequencing (WGS) is increasingly used in diagnostics and surveillance of infectious diseases. A major application for WGS is to use the data for identifying outbreak clusters, and there is therefore a need for methods that can accurately and efficiently infer phylogenies from sequencing reads. In the present study we describe a new dataset that we have created for the purpose of benchmarking such WGS-based methods for epidemiological data, and also present an analysis where we use the data to compare the performance of some current methods...
January 5, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056075/correction-seagrass-ecosystem-services-and-their-variability-across-genera-and-geographical-regions
#20
Lina Mtwana Nordlund, Evamaria W Koch, Edward B Barbier, Joel C Creed
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0163091.].
2017: PloS One
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