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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635353/a-systematic-review-of-supported-accommodation-programs-for-people-released-from-custody
#1
Bethany Growns, Stuart A Kinner, Elizabeth Conroy, Eileen Baldry, Sarah Larney
One of the challenges that people recently released from custody face is securing housing. Many individuals rely on supported accommodation programs for housing in the immediate post-release period. However, the value of supported accommodation programs in producing positive criminal justice and health outcomes for people released from custody has not been widely examined. This article reviews the current literature on supported accommodation programs and the elements of these services that contribute to positive outcomes for individuals released from custody...
June 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629438/an-output-evaluation-of-a-health-research-foundation-s-enhanced-grant-review-process-for-new-investigators
#2
Gregory W Hammond, Mê-Linh Lê, Tannis Novotny, Stephanie P B Caligiuri, Grant N Pierce, John Wade
BACKGROUND: We assessed the ability of the Manitoba Medical Service Foundation (MMSF, a small not-for-profit foundation affiliated with Manitoba Blue Cross) to determine the best candidates for selection to receive research funding support among new researchers applying to the Research Operating Grants Programme (ROGP). METHODS: Using bibliometric and grants funding analyses, we retrospectively compared indices of academic outputs from five cohorts of MMSF-funded and not MMSF-funded applicants to the annual MMSF ROGP over 2008 to 2012, from 1 to 5 years after having received evaluation decisions from the MMSF enhanced grant review process...
June 19, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626986/trends-in-sleep-studies-performed-for-medicare-beneficiaries
#3
Whitney Chiao, Megan L Durr
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To quantify trends and characteristics of sleep studies performed for Medicare beneficiaries in the United States. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective longitudinal study of the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services' Part B National Summary Data and Medicare Provider Utilization and Payment Data from 2000 to 2014. METHODS: Sleep study data were analyzed according to type of study performed, total expenditure amount, provider specialty, and geographic location...
June 19, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626358/psychosocial-correlates-of-patient-provider-family-planning-discussions-among-hiv-infected-pregnant-women-in-south-africa
#4
Violeta J Rodriguez, Ryan R Cook, Stephen M Weiss, Karl Peltzer, Deborah L Jones
Patient-provider family planning discussions and preconception counseling can reduce maternal and neonatal risks by increasing adherence to provider recommendations and antiretroviral medication. However, HIV-infected women may not discuss reproductive intentions with providers due to anticipation of negative reactions and stigma. This study aimed to identify correlates of patient-provider family planning discussions among HIV-infected women in rural South Africa, an area with high rates of antenatal HIV and suboptimal rates of prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV...
2017: Open Access J Contracept
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622352/volunteer-trials-of-a-novel-improvised-dry-decontamination-protocol-for-use-during-mass-casualty-incidents-as-part-of-the-uk-s-initial-operational-response-ior
#5
Richard Amlôt, Holly Carter, Lorna Riddle, Joanne Larner, Robert P Chilcott
Previous studies have demonstrated that rapid evacuation, disrobing and emergency decontamination can enhance the ability of emergency services and acute hospitals to effectively manage chemically-contaminated casualties. The purpose of this human volunteer study was to further optimise such an "Initial Operational Response" by (1) identifying an appropriate method for performing improvised skin decontamination and (2) providing guidance for use by first responders and casualties. The study was performed using two readily available, absorbent materials (paper towels and incontinence pads)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622155/triad-ix-can-a-patient-testimonial-safely-help-ensure-prehospital-appropriate-critical-versus-end-of-life-care
#6
Ferdinando Mirarchi, Christopher Cammarata, Timothy E Cooney, Kristin Juhasz, Stanley A Terman
OBJECTIVE: The present study sought to assess the clarity of Physician Orders for Life-Sustaining Treatment (POLST) or Living Will (LW) documents alone or in combination with a video message/testimonial (VM). METHODS: Emergency medical services (EMS) personnel responded to survey questions about the meaning of stand-alone POLST and LW documents and those used in conjunction with emergent care scenarios. Personnel were randomized to receive documents only or documents with VM...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619880/psychiatric-services-in-correctional-facilities-third-edition
#7
Babatunde Adetunji
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619124/multiplex-tests-to-identify-gastrointestinal-bacteria-viruses-and-parasites-in-people-with-suspected-infectious-gastroenteritis-a-systematic-review-and-economic-analysis
#8
Karoline Freeman, Hema Mistry, Alexander Tsertsvadze, Pam Royle, Noel McCarthy, Sian Taylor-Phillips, Rohini Manuel, James Mason
BACKGROUND: Gastroenteritis is a common, transient disorder usually caused by infection and characterised by the acute onset of diarrhoea. Multiplex gastrointestinal pathogen panel (GPP) tests simultaneously identify common bacterial, viral and parasitic pathogens using molecular testing. By providing test results more rapidly than conventional testing methods, GPP tests might positively influence the treatment and management of patients presenting in hospital or in the community. OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the evidence for GPP tests [xTAG(®) (Luminex, Toronto, ON, Canada), FilmArray (BioFire Diagnostics, Salt Lake City, UT, USA) and Faecal Pathogens B (AusDiagnostics, Beaconsfield, NSW, Australia)] and to develop a de novo economic model to compare the cost-effectiveness of GPP tests with conventional testing in England and Wales...
April 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617712/using-technology-to-support-hiv-self-testing-among-msm
#9
Sara LeGrand, Kathryn E Muessig, Keith J Horvath, Anna L Rosengren, Lisa B Hightow-Weidman
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Technology-based HIV self-testing (HST) interventions have the potential to improve access to HIV testing among gay, bisexual, and other MSM, as well as address concerns about HST use, including challenges with linkage to appropriate follow-up services. This review examines studies that use technology-based platforms to increase or improve the experience of HST among MSM. RECENT FINDINGS: Seven published studies and eight funded studies were included in this review...
June 14, 2017: Current Opinion in HIV and AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617350/public-perceptions-of-service-dogs-emotional-support-dogs-and-therapy-dogs
#10
Regina Schoenfeld-Tacher, Peter Hellyer, Louana Cheung, Lori Kogan
As service dogs, emotional support dogs, and therapy dogs have become more prevalent in the USA, so too has the controversy surrounding their legitimacy. Yet, there is a lack of objective data regarding the public's understanding of the role played by each of these types of animals, as well as their perceptions regarding the legitimacy of their integration. An anonymous, online survey was distributed to examine the perceptions of US adults who do not own any type of assistance animal. A total of 505 individuals responded to the online survey, yielding 284 usable responses...
June 15, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617017/identifying-trajectories-of-change-to-improve-understanding-of-integrated-health-care-outcomes-on-ptsd-symptoms-post-disaster
#11
Howard J Osofsky, Carl F Weems, Tonya Cross Hansel, Anthony H Speier, Joy D Osofsky, Rebecca Graham, Lucy King, Timothy K Craft
INTRODUCTION: Addressing life stressors is an important function for integrated care, especially for health care homes located in disaster prone environments. This study evaluated trajectories of change for patients with postdisaster posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) who were seen in integrated care. In addition to describing the results, this article provides the methods of subgroup analyses as this may be useful for others working in real-world practice. METHOD: Patients (N = 340) receiving services at 5 rural health clinics self-reported PTSD symptoms as part of an ongoing evaluation to study the effectiveness of integrated health...
June 2017: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617009/-the-feasibility-of-implementing-cognitive-remediation-for-work-in-community-based-psychiatric-rehabilitation-programs-correction-to-mcgurk-et-al-2017
#12
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "The feasibility of implementing cognitive remediation for work in community based psychiatric rehabilitation programs" by Susan R. McGurk, Kim T. Mueser, Melanie A. Watkins, Carline M. Dalton and Heather Deutsch (Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal, 2017[Mar], Vol 40[1], 79-86). In the article, the author order was incorrect due to a printer error. The online version of this article has been corrected. (The following abstract of the original article appeared in record 2017-13255-004.) Objective: Adding cognitive remediation to vocational rehabilitation services improves cognitive and work functioning in people with serious mental illness, but despite interest, the uptake of cognitive programs into community services has been slow...
June 2017: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616642/-identification-of-common-locations-of-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrests-in-a%C3%A2-german-metropolis
#13
C Hanefeld, F Rosbund, A Kloppe, C Kloppe
BACKGROUND: Most patients who suffer a sudden cardiac arrest initially have a shockable rhythm. Fast defibrillation and correctly performed cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) are key factors for patient survival. These can be carried out by bystanders if an automated external defibrillator (AED) is available even in the absence of emergency services. AIM: The place and time of CPRs in a German city were investigated and the strategic placement of emergency medical services and AEDs necessary were evaluated...
June 14, 2017: Medizinische Klinik, Intensivmedizin und Notfallmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616434/developing-an-economic-case-of-clinical-pharmacists-interventions-on-venous-thromboembolism-prophylaxis-through-service-evaluation
#14
Eun Hee Lee, Victoria Bray, Robert Horne
OBJECTIVE: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) has become a huge health problem as well as a financial burden for the National Health Service. The objective of this study was to characterize current practice of VTE prophylaxis (VTEP) and evaluate the economic impact of clinical pharmacists' interventions (CPIs) on VTEP. METHODS: A prospective service evaluation was conducted in a medical and surgical ward at a tertiary teaching hospital in London from 23 May to 08 June 2016...
April 2017: Journal of Research in Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616425/medical-radiation-workers-knowledge-attitude-and-practice-to-protect-themselves-against-ionizing-radiation-in-tehran-province-iran
#15
Seyedeh Shohreh Alavi, Sima Taghizadeh Dabbagh, Mahya Abbasi, Ramin Mehrdad
BACKGROUND: Medical radiation workers are potentially at a risk of unwanted ionizing radiation exposures. This study assessed the radiation protection knowledge, attitude, and practice (RP-KAP) of health-care workers who are occupationally exposed to radiation regarding protecting themselves from radiation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was cross-sectional in design and was carried out in 16 hospitals affiliated to the Tehran University of Medical Sciences between May and September 2014...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614925/-investigation-on-standard-application-of-industrial-dust-hazard-classification
#16
Y Lu, M Zhang, W H Chen
Objective: To investigate the application and effectiveness evaluation of the standard of GBZ/T 229.1-2010 in practice, and to explore the applicability, aiming to provide technical evidence for the revision of GBZ/T 229.1-2010. Methods: There were 2 questionnaire surveys carried out in the study, including general survey and specific survey. Databases were established and data were input with Excel 2010 and Epidata version 3.1 software. SPSS version 19.0 software was used for data cleaning and statistical analysis...
April 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614500/oral-health-policy-in-brazil-between-2003-and-2014-scenarios-proposals-actions-and-outcomes
#17
Sônia Cristina Lima Chaves, Ana Maria Freire de Lima Almeida, Thaís Regis Aranha Rossi, Sisse Figueiredo de Santana, Sandra Garrido de Barros, Carla Maria Lima Santos
This study examined the implementation of Brazil's National Oral Health Policy by the three governments during the period 2003 to 2014. It provides a general overview of oral health care scenarios and examines institutional proposals and actions developed by the executive branch based on the components of the health care system. A documental analysis was conducted using documents produced by key government agencies. The findings show that there was an increase in the provision and coverage of public dental services between 2003 and 2006 and that rates were maintained to a certain degree in subsequent periods (2007 to 2010 and 2011 to 2014)...
June 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614476/integrated-community-case-management-iccm-of-childhood-infection-saves-lives-in-hard-to-reach-communities-in-nicaragua
#18
Dixmer Rivera, Rashed Shah, Tanya Guenther, Meredith Adamo, Jeanne Koepsell, Carmen Maria Reyes, Mary McInerney, David R Marsh
Objective: To describe Nicaragua's integrated community case management (iCCM) program for hard-to-reach, rural communities and to evaluate its impact using monitoring data, including annual, census-based infant mortality data. Method: This observational study measured the strength of iCCM implementation and estimated trends in infant mortality during 2007-2013 in 120 remote Nicaraguan communities where brigadistas ("health brigadiers") offered iCCM services to children 2-59 months old...
June 8, 2017: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614450/classification-systems-for-avoidability-of-infant-deaths-different-methods-different-repercussions
#19
Barbara Almeida Soares Dias, Edson Theodoro Dos Santos, Maria Angélica Carvalho Andrade
The objective of this study was to compare the avoidability of infant deaths according to different classification methods. This was a descriptive comparative study from 2006 to 2013 in Espírito Santo State, Brazil, focusing on the classification of 5,316 infant deaths according to five different methods. The methods of the International Collaborative Effort on Infant Mortality (ICE) and the SEADE Foundation correctly classified the highest proportions of deaths as avoidable versus unavoidable (94.6% and 94...
June 12, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613037/results-of-a-collaborative-study-on-dna-identification-of-aged-bone-samples
#20
Daniel Vanek, Bruce Budowle, Jitka Dubska-Votrubova, Angie Ambers, Jan Frolik, Martin Pospisek, Ahmed Anwar Al Afeefi, Khalid Ismaeil Al Hosani, Marie Allen, Khudooma Saeed Al Naimi, Dina Al Salafi, Wafa Ali Rashid Al Tayyari, Wendy Arguetaa, Michel Bottinelli, Magdalena M Bus, Jan Cemper-Kiesslich, Olivier Cepil, Greet De Cock, Stijn Desmyter, Hamid El Amri, Hicham El Ossmani, Ruth Galdies, Sebastian Grün, Francois Guidet, Anna Hoefges, Cristian Bogdan Iancu, Petra Lotz, Alessandro Maresca, Marion Nagy, Jindrich Novotny, Hajar Rachid, Jessica Rothe, Marguerethe Stenersen, Mishel Stephenson, Alain Stevanovitch, Juliane Strien, Denilce R Sumita, Joanna Vella, Judith Zander
AIM: A collaborative exercise with several institutes was organized by the Forensic DNA Service (FDNAS) and the Institute of the Legal Medicine, 2nd Faculty of Medicine, Charles University in Prague, Czech Republic, with the aim to test performance of different laboratories carrying out DNA analysis of relatively old bone samples. METHODS: Eighteen laboratories participating in the collaborative exercise were asked to perform DNA typing of two samples of bone powder...
June 14, 2017: Croatian Medical Journal
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