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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528349/high-wear-resistance-of-femoral-components-coated-with-titanium-nitride-a-retrieval-analysis
#1
Christian Fabry, Carmen Zietz, Axel Baumann, Reinhard Ehall, Rainer Bader
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the in vivo wear resistance of cobalt-chromium femoral components coated with titanium nitride (TiN). Our null hypothesis was that the surface damage and the thickness of the TiN coating do not correlate with the time in vivo. METHODS: Twenty-five TiN-coated bicondylar femoral retrievals with a mean implantation period of 30.7 ± 11.7 months were subjected to an objective surface damage analysis with a semi-quantitative assessment method...
May 20, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525991/correcting-for-day-of-the-week-and-public-holiday-effects-improving-a-national-daily-syndromic-surveillance-service-for-detecting-public-health-threats
#2
Elizabeth Buckingham-Jeffery, Roger Morbey, Thomas House, Alex J Elliot, Sally Harcourt, Gillian E Smith
BACKGROUND: As service provision and patient behaviour varies by day, healthcare data used for public health surveillance can exhibit large day of the week effects. These regular effects are further complicated by the impact of public holidays. Real-time syndromic surveillance requires the daily analysis of a range of healthcare data sources, including family doctor consultations (called general practitioners, or GPs, in the UK). Failure to adjust for such reporting biases during analysis of syndromic GP surveillance data could lead to misinterpretations including false alarms or delays in the detection of outbreaks...
May 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520482/foodborne-disease-outbreaks-in-correctional-institutions-united-states-1998-2014
#3
Mariel A Marlow, Ruth E Luna-Gierke, Patricia M Griffin, Antonio R Vieira
OBJECTIVES: To present the first update on the epidemiology of US foodborne correctional institution outbreaks in 20 years. METHODS: We analyzed data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Foodborne Disease Outbreak Surveillance System to describe correctional institution outbreaks from 1998 to 2014 and compare them with other foodborne outbreaks. RESULTS: Two hundred foodborne outbreaks in correctional institutions were reported, resulting in 20 625 illnesses, 204 hospitalizations, and 5 deaths...
May 18, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513796/adequacy-of-sphygmomanometer-cuff-to-brachial-circumference-of-people-attended-in-primary-health-care-centers
#4
Rafaela Marin Destefano, Felipe Reis de Abreu Schmitt, Siegmar Starke, Ernani Tiaraju de Santa Helena
Objective: To evaluate the adequacy of sphygmomanometer cuff to brachial circumference (BC) of individuals treated at Primary Health Care Centers. Methods: Epidemiological, observational, and quantitative cross-sectional study. A total of 381 blood pressure (BP) readings conducted by nursing professionals were observed at 18 service units selected by drawing, considering two modalities of care centers. The correct use of the cuff was the main outcome variable. The BC was measured using inelastic measuring tape...
January 2017: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512231/survey-on-antimicrobial-prescribing-patterns-in-small-animal-veterinary-practice-in-emilia-romagna-italy
#5
A Barbarossa, J Rambaldi, V Miraglia, M Giunti, G Diegoli, A Zaghini
This investigation provides for the first time a general view of the prescribing patterns of antimicrobials in small animal practice in Emilia Romagna, Italy. In the context of a project on antimicrobial resistance managed by the Regional Veterinary Service, veterinary clinicians were invited to voluntarily complete an online questionnaire. This was designed to gather information on antimicrobial prescribing practices and biosecurity measures and to understand the perception of the issue specific to this region of Italy...
May 16, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507362/visual-outcome-of-retinal-vein-occlusion-in-patients-residing-at-high-altitude
#6
Ahsan Mukhtar, Muhammad Saim Khan, Asad Habib, Mazhar Ishaq, Omer Farooq
OBJECTIVE: To study visual outcome in patients of high altitude retinopathy presenting with retinal venous occlusion. METHODS: The randomised clinical trial study was conducted at the Armed Forces Institute of Ophthalmology, Rawalpindi, Pakistan, from January 2013 to December 2015, and comprised eyes of lowlanders. Patients staying at high altitude (>8,000 feet above sea level) as part of their service duty and presented with retinal venous occlusive disease were included...
May 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506665/motor-development-of-preterm-infants-assessed-by-the-alberta-infant-motor-scale-systematic-review-article
#7
REVIEW
Rubia do N Fuentefria, Rita de Cássia Silveira, Renato S Procianoy
OBJECTIVE: Premature newborns are considered at risk for motor development deficits, leading to the need for monitoring in early life. The aim of this study was to systematically review the literature about gross motor development of preterm infants, assessed by the Alberta Infant Motor Scale (AIMS) to identify the main outcomes in development. DATA SOURCE: Systematic review of studies published from 2006 to 2015, indexed in Pubmed, Scielo, Lilacs, and Medline databases in English and Portuguese...
May 12, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499432/development-and-evaluation-of-a-community-based-buprenorphine-treatment-intervention
#8
Aaron D Fox, Nancy L Sohler, Taeko Frost, Carolina Lopez, Chinazo O Cunningham
BACKGROUND: The majority of Americans with opioid use disorder remain out of treatment. Operating in 33 states, Washington DC, and Puerto Rico, harm reduction agencies, which provide sterile syringes and other health services to people who inject drugs, are a key venue to reach out-of-treatment opioid users. Aiming to link out-of-treatment individuals with opioid use disorder to buprenorphine treatment, we developed a community-based buprenorphine treatment (CBBT) intervention in collaboration with New York City harm reduction agencies...
May 12, 2017: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499384/quality-of-care-in-family-planning-services-in-senegal-and-their-outcomes
#9
Shireen Assaf, Wenjuan Wang, Lindsay Mallick
BACKGROUND: High quality of care in family planning (FP) services has been found to be associated with increased and continued use of contraceptive methods. The interpersonal skills and technical competence of the provider is one of the main components of quality of care. To study the process component of quality of care, the distribution of the FP counseling topics was examined by client, provider and facility characteristics. To assess the outcomes of quality of care, client satisfaction and their knowledge of their method's protection from STIs were used...
May 12, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498031/diagnosis-and-management-of-malignant-melanoma-in-store-and-forward-teledermatology
#10
Melinda Wang, James L Gendreau, Jordan Gemelas, Dana Capulong, Clayton Lau, Sandra Mata-Diaz, Dustin M Bratten, Brittany Dougall, Craig Markham, Gregory J Raugi
BACKGROUND: Published studies have led to concern that store-and-forward teledermatology (SFT) diagnosis and management of melanomas may be inferior to face-to-face (FTF) dermatology care. INTRODUCTION: To ascertain the frequency of correctly managed and diagnosed melanomas within a population of veterans in Veterans Integrated Service Network 20 SFT. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective chart review of 7,960 veterans seen by SFT between July 1, 2009 and December 31, 2011...
May 12, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495906/emergency-corneal-grafting-in-the-uk-a-6-year-analysis-of-the-uk-transplant-registry
#11
Parwez Hossain, Abdo Karim Tourkmani, Dimitri Kazakos, Mark Jones, David Anderson
BACKGROUND: Corneal graft (CG) surgery is the most common and successful tissue transplant worldwide. A small and important group of patients are operated in emergency situations, typically to save a perforated eye. Our knowledge of the indications and outcomes of emergency corneal graft (eCG) is limited. METHODS: Retrospective, multifactorial analysis of all CGs registered by the UK Transplant Service from April 1999 to March 2005. RESULTS: A total of 12 976 CGs were performed...
May 11, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494390/bipolar-patients-treated-with-long-acting-injectable-risperidone-in-taiwan-a-1-year-mirror-image-study-using-a-national-claims-database
#12
Ming H Hsieh, Po-Ya Chuang, Chi-Shin Wu, Ching-Jui Chang, Pei-Fang Chung, Chao-Hsiun Tang
OBJECTIVE: Bipolar disorder (BD) is burdensome for patients and healthcare systems. This study evaluated changes in concomitant medication patterns, healthcare utilization, and costs after the initiation of risperidone long-acting injection (RLAI) treatment among BD patients. METHOD: 287 BD patients receiving regular RLAI treatment for 1 year were identified from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research database during 2007-2012. The bootstrapping procedure was performed to create 1000 samples to generate normally distributed data...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492924/handheld-reflectance-confocal-microscopy-for-the-detection-of-recurrent-extramammary-paget-disease
#13
Oriol Yélamos, Brian P Hibler, Miguel Cordova, Travis J Hollmann, Kivanc Kose, Michael A Marchetti, Patricia L Myskowski, Melissa P Pulitzer, Milind Rajadhyaksha, Anthony M Rossi, Manu Jain
Importance: Extramammary Paget disease (EMPD) is commonly refractory to surgical and nonsurgical therapies. Identifying recurrent or persistent EMPD is challenging because the disease is multifocal, and multiple blind scouting biopsies are usually performed in this setting. Handheld reflectance confocal microscopy (HRCM) has been used to diagnose and map primary EMPD and therefore may be used to identify EMPD recurrences. Objective: To evaluate HRCM's diagnostic accuracy in the setting of recurrent or persistent EMPD as well as its potential diagnostic pitfalls...
May 10, 2017: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489701/pediatricians-knowledge-attitudes-and-behaviors-to-screening-children-after-complicated-mild-tbi-a-survey
#14
Heather T Keenan, Susan L Bratton, Rebecca R Dixon
OBJECTIVE: To understand pediatricians' attitudes, knowledge, and behaviors about the care of children with complicated mild traumatic brain injury (TBI). PARTICIPANTS: A total of 3500 pediatricians randomly selected from the American Medical Association Master File. DESIGN: It was a cross-sectional survey. MAIN MEASURES: A survey developed to assess pediatricians' attitudes toward following children with complicated mild TBI for cognitive and behavioral sequelae; their knowledge of TBI sequelae; and their usual evaluation and management of children after TBI...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483198/targeted-outreach-hepatitis-b-vaccination-program-in-high-risk-adults-the-fundamental-challenge-of-the-last-mile
#15
M-J J Mangen, H Stibbe, A Urbanus, E C Siedenburg, Q Waldhober, G A de Wit, J E van Steenbergen
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of the on-going decentralised targeted hepatitis B vaccination program for behavioural high-risk groups operated by regional public health services in the Netherlands since 1-November-2002. Target groups for free vaccination are men having sex with men (MSM), commercial sex workers (CSW) and hard drug users (HDU). Heterosexuals with a high partner change rate (HRP) were included until 1-November-2007. METHODS: Based on participant, vaccination and serology data collected up to 31-December-2012, the number of participants and program costs were estimated...
May 31, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482841/staff-ratings-of-occupational-engagement-among-people-with-severe-mental-illness-psychometric-properties-of-a-screening-tool-in-the-day-center-context
#16
Mona Eklund, Ulrika Bejerholm
BACKGROUND: Staff who plan and organize day center activities may need to observe the attendees' performance and progression. This led us to develop a tool for that purpose, termed General Occupational Engagement in people with Severe mental illness (GOES). The aim was to investigate its psychometric properties in terms of factor structure, internal consistency, corrected item-total correlations (CITC), convergent and discriminant validity, and test-retest stability. METHODS: Ninety-three day center attendees were assessed by the GOES and instruments addressing constructs hypothesized to be either similar to (activity level, motivation for day center attendance, perceptions of the worker role, hours spent in the day center) or divergent from the GOES (attendees' ratings of engagement in specified occupations, self-rated health, psychosocial functioning, psychiatric symptoms)...
May 8, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481449/spontaneously-reported-symptoms-by-informants-are-associated-with-clinical-severity-in-dementia-help-seekers
#17
Jia-Qi Xu, Jacky C P Choy, Jennifer Y M Tang, Tian-Yin Liu, Hao Luo, Vivian W Q Lou, Terry Y S Lum, Gloria H Y Wong
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the predictive value of symptoms of dementia that the person or an informant noticed spontaneously in determining the clinical severity of dementia. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Community-based open-referral dementia assessment service in Hong Kong between 2005 and 2013. PARTICIPANTS: Help-seekers for dementia assessment service and their informants (N = 965 dyads). MEASUREMENTS: Participants underwent a clinical dementia interview based on the Clinical Dementia Rating...
May 8, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472499/a-pharmacy-management-service-for-adults-with-asthma-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#18
Lai-Yan Wong, Siew-Siang Chua, Abdul-Rahman Husin, Hanisah Arshad
Background.: Although clinical guidelines are available for the management of asthma, this health condition is still poorly managed in many countries. Objectives.: To assess the effects of a Pharmacy Management Service (PharMS) on asthma control of adult patients. Methods.: This study comprised of a cluster randomised controlled trial (RCT) that was conducted from April 2014 to July 2015 at four government health clinics. The control participants received usual pharmacy service, while the intervention participants were recruited into the PharMS...
May 3, 2017: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472373/association-between-bacillus-calmette-gu%C3%A3-rin-bcg-vaccination-and-childhood-asthma-in-the-qu%C3%A3-bec-birth-cohort-on-immunity-and-health
#19
Mariam El-Zein, Florence Conus, Andrea Benedetti, Dick Menzies, Marie-Elise Parent, Marie-Claude Rousseau
We estimated the association between Bacillus-Calmette Guérin (BCG) vaccination and childhood asthma in a birth cohort using administrative databases, and determined the impact of adjusting for potential confounders collected from a subset of subjects. Multiple data sources were used: 1) administrative data for 76,623 subjects (stage 1) in the Québec Birth Cohort on Immunity and Health (1974-1994) including BCG vaccination, perinatal and sociodemographic characteristics, and use of health services for asthma; and 2) self-reported asthma risk factors collected in 2012 by telephone interviews with 1,643 subjects (stage 2) using a balanced two-stage sampling design...
May 4, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471307/complications-pattern-and-burden-of-the-disease-in-patients-affected-by-beta-thalassaemia-major
#20
Fedele Bonifazi, Rosa Conte, Paola Baiardi, Donato Bonifazi, Mariagrazia Felisi, Paola Giordano, Viviana Giannuzzi, Angela Iacono, Rosa Padula, Alessia Pepe, Maria Caterina Putti, Lucia Ruggieri, Giovanni Carlo Del Vecchio, Aldo Filosa, Aurelio Maggio, Adriana Ceci
OBJECTIVES: Despite the correct application of blood transfusions and chelation treatments, beta-thalassaemia patients have many complications. Systematic population analyses on types and frequency of these complications are very few. The aim of this study is to characterize the complications,their risk factors and their clinical and economic impact. METHODS: Complications at baseline and events occurred during 1 observational year were analysed in 272 patients aged >12 years...
May 4, 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
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