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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719651/link-prediction-on-twitter
#1
Sanda Martinčić-Ipšić, Edvin Močibob, Matjaž Perc
With over 300 million active users, Twitter is among the largest online news and social networking services in existence today. Open access to information on Twitter makes it a valuable source of data for research on social interactions, sentiment analysis, content diffusion, link prediction, and the dynamics behind human collective behaviour in general. Here we use Twitter data to construct co-occurrence language networks based on hashtags and based on all the words in tweets, and we use these networks to study link prediction by means of different methods and evaluation metrics...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718998/disconnected-lives-women-with-intellectual-disabilities-in-conflict-with-the-law
#2
Kathryn Ann Levine, Jocelyn Proulx, Karen Schwartz
BACKGROUND: Women with intellectual/developmental disabilities in conflict with the law experience childhood trauma, substance abuse and intimate partner violence but continue to have difficulty accessing appropriate therapeutic services, both within correctional settings and upon discharge. The aim of this study is to explore women's service needs and to critically assess whether the available services are meeting their identified needs. METHOD: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 16 women with intellectual/developmental disabilities who were in the Special Needs Unit of a women's correctional centre from December 2014 to March 2015...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717296/surgical-management-of-laterognathia-in-orthofacial-surgery
#3
J M García Y Sánchez, C L Gómez Rodríguez, J Romero Flores
INTRODUCTION: Each year around the world, various surgical procedures are carried out with the goal of correcting laterognathia; both the intraoral vertical ramus osteotomy (IVRO) and bilateral sagittal split ramus osteotomy (OSB) have been the most used techniques in mandibular surgery. These techniques have advantages and disadvantages; for example the advantages of the OSB include: increased coefficient of friction between bony segments, for both the forward and the retroposition, as well as decrease in the time of intermaxillary fixation (IMF)...
September 2017: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714722/pilot-testing-the-daily-activities-list-for-inmates-dali-item-evaluation-and-content-validity
#4
Philip R Magaletta, Rokas Perskaudas, Christina J Connors, Marc W Patry, Jarrod Reisweber, Alix McLearen
Scheduling enjoyable daily activities is a Cognitive Behavioral Therapy intervention used in the treatment of depression and substance abuse disorders that are prevalent disorders among inmates. To effectively use this intervention with inmates, an activities list with items ecologically sensitive to the correctional setting needs to be created. The purpose of this study was to develop and evaluate items; thus, establishing a content valid Daily Activities List for Inmates (DALI). Fifteen corrections professionals representing a wide range of disciplines and managerial backgrounds served as subject matter experts (SMEs)...
July 17, 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710612/-diagnostic-quality-of-triage-algorithms-for-mass-casualty-incidents
#5
A R Heller, N Salvador, M Frank, J Schiffner, R Kipke, C Kleber
BACKGROUND: Regarding survival and quality of life, recent mass casualty incidents have once more emphasized the importance of early identification of the correct degree of injury or illness, to enable prioritizing treatment of patients and transportation to an appropriate hospital. The present study investigated international triage algorithms in terms of sensitivity (SE) and specificity (SP) as well as the process duration in a relevant emergency patient cohort. METHODS: A total of 500 consecutive air rescue missions were evaluated by means of standardized patient records...
July 14, 2017: Der Anaesthesist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708567/%C3%AE-defensin-point-of-care-test-for-diagnosis-of-prosthetic-joint-infections-neglected-role-of-laboratory-and-clinical-pathologists
#6
REVIEW
Lorenzo Drago, Marco Toscano, Lorenza Tacchini, Giuseppe Banfi
Periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) is a serious complication that may occur after native joint replacement leading to a severe health and economic burden. Currently, due to several confounding factors, PJI is difficult to diagnose. Today, a multidisciplinary approach is indispensable to correctly define a periprosthetic joint infection; indeed, tissue histology, microbiology cultures and clinical findings are used together to achieve this goal. Analysis of α-defensin is commonly used for PJI diagnosis, as it allows the rapid detection of α-defensin present in the synovial fluid following a microbial infection...
July 14, 2017: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700191/assistance-to-states-for-the-education-of-children-with-disabilities-and-preschool-grants-for-children-with-disabilities-program-early-intervention-program-for-infants-and-toddlers-with-disabilities-final-regulations
#7
(no author information available yet)
The Secretary of Education (Secretary) amends the regulations implementing Parts B and C of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). These conforming changes are needed to implement statutory amendments made to the IDEA by the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA), enacted on December 10, 2015. These regulations remove and revise IDEA definitions based on changes made to the definitions in the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (ESEA), as amended by the ESSA, and also update several State eligibility requirements to reflect amendments to the IDEA made by the ESSA...
June 30, 2017: Federal Register
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693491/hypoxia-and-hypotension-in-patients-intubated-by-physician-staffed-helicopter-emergency-medical-services-a-prospective-observational-multi-centre-study
#8
Geir Arne Sunde, Mårten Sandberg, Richard Lyon, Knut Fredriksen, Brian Burns, Karl Ove Hufthammer, Jo Røislien, Akos Soti, Helena Jäntti, David Lockey, Jon-Kenneth Heltne, Stephen J M Sollid
BACKGROUND: The effective treatment of airway compromise in trauma and non-trauma patients is important. Hypoxia and hypotension are predictors of negative patient outcomes and increased mortality, and may be important quality indicators of care provided by emergency medical services. Excluding cardiac arrests, critical trauma and non-trauma patients remain the two major groups to which helicopter emergency medical services (HEMS) are dispatched. Several studies describe the impact of pre-hospital hypoxia or hypotension on trauma patients, but few studies compare this in trauma and non-trauma patients...
July 11, 2017: BMC Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691522/the-rate-of-mental-health-service-use-in-new-zealand-as-analysed-by-ethnicity
#9
Rees Tapsell, Charlene Hallett, Graham Mellsop
OBJECTIVES: To compare by ethnicity the rates of apparent new referrals and admissions to mental health services for selected major diagnostic groupings. METHOD: Using a Ministry of Health database covering all referrals and admissions to New Zealand's Mental Health services in 2014 and who had not been patients in the preceding six years, population adjusted rates of presentation were calculated and compared across the two major New Zealand ethnic groupings. RESULTS: Population corrected rates of apparently new cases of schizophrenia are more than twice as common in Māori as in non-Māori...
July 1, 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689893/evaluation-of-serological-and-molecular-tests-used-to-identify-toxoplasma-gondii-infection-in-pregnant-women-attended-in-a-public-health-service-in-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-state-brazil
#10
Fernando Henrique Antunes Murata, Marina Neves Ferreira, Vera Lucia Pereira-Chioccola, Lígia Cosentino Junqueira Franco Spegiorin, Cristina da Silva Meira-Strejevitch, Ricardo Gava, Aparecida Perpétuo Silveira-Carvalho, Luiz Carlos de Mattos, Cinara Cássia Brandão de Mattos
Toxoplasmosis during pregnancy can have severe consequences. The use of sensitive and specific serological and molecular methods is extremely important for the correct diagnosis of the disease. We compared the ELISA and ELFA serological methods, conventional PCR (cPCR), Nested PCR and quantitative PCR (qPCR) in the diagnosis of Toxoplasma gondii infection in pregnant women without clinical suspicion of toxoplasmosis (G1=94) and with clinical suspicion of toxoplasmosis (G2=53). The results were compared using the Kappa index, and the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value were calculated...
June 17, 2017: Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687260/a-survey-of-australian-midwives-knowledge-experience-and-training-needs-in-relation-to-female-genital-mutilation
#11
Sabera Turkmani, Caroline Homer, Nesrin Varol, Angela Dawson
BACKGROUND: Female genital mutilation (FGM) involves partial or total removal of the external female genitalia or any other injury for non-medical reasons. Due to international migration patterns, health professionals in high income countries are increasingly caring for women with FGM. Few studies explored the knowledge and skills of midwives in high income countries. AIM: To explore the knowledge, experience and needs of midwives in relation to the care of women with FGM...
July 4, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683821/stroke-awareness-among-dubai-emergency-medical-service-staff-and-impact-of-an-educational-intervention
#12
Fatima Shire, Zahra Kasim, Suhail Alrukn, Maria Khan
BACKGROUND: Emergency medical services (EMS) play a vital role in expediting hospital arrival in stroke patients. The objective of our study was to assess the level of awareness regarding pre-hospital identification and management of acute stroke among EMS Staff in Dubai and to evaluate the impact of an educational lecture on their knowledge. METHODS: Ours was a cross-sectional study with a pre-test and post-test design. The intervention was an educational lecture, based on the updated guidelines in pre-hospital care of acute stroke...
July 6, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683750/use-of-malaria-rapid-diagnostic-tests-by-community-health-workers-in-afghanistan-cluster-randomised-trial
#13
Toby Leslie, Mark Rowland, Amy Mikhail, Bonnie Cundill, Barbara Willey, Asif Alokozai, Ismail Mayan, Anwar Hasanzai, Sayed Habibullah Baktash, Nader Mohammed, Molly Wood, Habib-U-Rahman Rahimi, Baptiste Laurent, Cyril Buhler, Christopher J M Whitty
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organisation (WHO) recommends parasitological diagnosis of malaria before treatment, but use of malaria rapid diagnostic tests (mRDTs) by community health workers (CHWs) has not been fully tested within health services in south and central Asia. mRDTs could allow CHWs to diagnose malaria accurately, improving treatment of febrile illness. METHODS: A cluster randomised trial in community health services was undertaken in Afghanistan. The primary outcome was the proportion of suspected malaria cases correctly treated for polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-confirmed malaria and PCR negative cases receiving no antimalarial drugs measured at the level of the patient...
July 7, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682706/telehealth-support-of-managed-care-for-a-correctional-system-the-open-architecture-telehealth-model
#14
Ellen S Rappaport, H Neal Reynolds, Sharon Baucom, Thomas M Lehman
INTRODUCTION: The intent was to evaluate time to match initial investment of a new, statewide correctional system telehealth program based upon cumulative savings by avoidance of transportation and custody-related costs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The setting was a statewide correctional system where prisoners received medical care through enhanced telemedicine technology supported by newly recruited specialty providers delivered through an open architecture system...
July 6, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682569/-nephrologist-and-icu-the-need-of-new-expertise
#15
Filippo Mariano, Marco Pozzato
Episodes of dialytic Acute Kidney Injury (AKI stage III KDIGO) can lead to chronic kidney disease (CKD), even after a long time. Prelimary data indicate that the relationship between AKI and CKD is affected by dialysis technical modalities and factors in part modifiable, such as an early dialysis timing, dose adeguacy, continuous treatment, use of biocompatible membranes and regional citrate anticoagulation. However, in most ICUs involvement of nephrologist consultant is marginal. Of more, nephrological follow-up after discharge, which allows to slow down the progression rate of CKD even just by a correct pharmacological and dietetic approach (sartans, ACEis), is an uncommon practice...
April 2017: Giornale Italiano di Nefrologia: Organo Ufficiale Della Società Italiana di Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681972/pneumonia-in-the-developing-world-characteristic-features-and-approach-to-management
#16
REVIEW
Stephen J Aston
Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is a common cause of morbidity and mortality in adults worldwide, but its epidemiology varies markedly by region. Whilst in high-income countries, the predominant burden of CAP is in the elderly and those with chronic cardiovascular and pulmonary co-morbidity, CAP patients in low-income settings are often of working age and, in sub-Saharan Africa, frequently HIV-positive. Although region-specific aetiological data are limited, they are sufficient to highlight major trends: in high-burden settings, tuberculosis (TB) is a common cause of acute CAP; Gram-negative pathogens such as Klebsiella pneumoniae are regionally important; and HIV-associated opportunistic infections are common but difficult to diagnose...
July 6, 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678848/mental-health-literacy-survey-of-non-mental-health-professionals-in-six-general-hospitals-in-hunan-province-of-china
#17
Qiuxia Wu, Xiaoyang Luo, Shubao Chen, Chang Qi, Jiang Long, Yifan Xiong, Yanhui Liao, Tieqiao Liu
BACKGROUND: Mental illness has brought great economic burden related to misdiagnosis by non-mental health professionals in general hospitals. The aim of this study was to explore non-mental health professionals' conceptions related to the identification of mental illness and perceived treatments, first aid and prognosis. METHODS: In 2014-2015, we presented 1123 non-mental health professionals from six general hospitals in Hunan Province with one of three vignettes describing a person with schizophrenia, depression, or generalized anxiety disorder...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678452/-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-diagnosis-for-a-better-support
#18
Nadia Chabane, Sabine Manificat
Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are neurodevelopmental disorders at the origin of severe handicap. The clinical expression of these disorders is strongly variable according to the presence of an intellectual deficiency or an associated organic and\or psychiatric disorder. Getting a correct diagnosis of ASD as a child or an adult can help a person and the professionals understand past difficulties, identify his or her strengths, and adapt the right kind of help. A complete diagnosis, realized by a trained multidisciplinary team, allows to define the necessary strategies of global support, in partnership with families...
September 21, 2016: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676173/mapping-mediterranean-seagrasses-with-sentinel-2-imagery
#19
Dimosthenis Traganos, Peter Reinartz
Mediterranean seagrasses have been hailed for their numerous ecosystem services, yet they are undergoing a decline in their coverage. The major complication with resolving this tendency is the sparsity of data on their overall distribution. This study addresses the suitability of the recently launched Sentinel-2 satellite for mapping the distribution of Mediterranean seagrass meadows. A comprehensive methodology is presented which applies atmospheric and analytical water column corrections and compares the performance of three different supervised classifiers...
July 1, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675135/opportunities-for-strengthening-infant-and-young-child-feeding-policies-in-south-asia-insights-from-the-saifrn-policy-analysis-project
#20
Anne Marie Thow, Sumit Karn, Madhu Dixit Devkota, Sabrina Rasheed, S K Roy, Yasmeen Suleman, Tabish Hazir, Archana Patel, Abhay Gaidhane, Seema Puri, Sanjeeva Godakandage, Upul Senarath, Michael J Dibley
BACKGROUND: South Asian countries experience some of the highest levels of child undernutrition in the world, strongly linked to poor infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices. Strong and responsive policy support is essential for effective interventions to improve IYCF. This study aimed to identify opportunities for strengthening the policy environment in the region to better support appropriate infant and young child feeding. METHODS: We mapped policies relevant to infant and young child feeding in India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka and Nepal, based on a common matrix...
June 13, 2017: BMC Public Health
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