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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641073/gonorrhoea-testing-and-positivity-in-non-remote-aboriginal-community-controlled-health-services
#1
Mary Ellen Harrod, Sophia Couzos, James Ward, Mark Saunders, Basil Donovan, Belinda Hammond, Dea Delaney-Thiele, Mary Belfrage, Sid Williams, Lucy Watchirs Smith, John M Kaldor
Background: Gonorrhoea occurs at high levels in young Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people living in remote communities, but there are limited data on urban and regional settings. An analysis was undertaken of gonorrhoea testing and positivity at four non-remote Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Services participating in a collaborative research network. Methods: This was a retrospective analysis of clinical encounter data derived from electronic medical records at participating services. Data were extracted using the GRHANITE program for all patients aged 15-54 years from 2009 to 2013...
June 22, 2017: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639719/understanding-indigenous-patient-attendance-a-qualitative-study
#2
Stephen Copeland, Josephine Muir, Angus Turner
OBJECTIVE: To better understand Indigenous patient non-attendance at medical specialty appointments by learning from the patients attending their scheduled outreach ophthalmology clinic appointment. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: A qualitative study using face-to-face, semi-structured interviews with 69 Indigenous Australian ophthalmology patients and 8 clinic workers at one urban and one rural Aboriginal Medical Service (AMS) over the period from April 2015 to November 2015...
June 22, 2017: Australian Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636868/deadly-liver-mob-opening-the-door-improving-sexual-health-pathways-for-aboriginal-people-in-western-sydney
#3
Karen Biggs, Jennifer Walsh, Catriona Ooi
BACKGROUND: The Deadly Liver Mob project (DLM) is an incentive-based, peer-driven health promotion intervention for Aboriginal people, focusing on hepatitis C and offering education and screening for sexually transmissible infections (STI) and blood-borne viruses (BBV). This study aims to assess the DLM effect on attendance and STI/BBV screening, describe BBV risk factors and report infection rates among Aboriginal people attending Western Sydney Sexual Health Centre (WSSHC). METHODS: A retrospective review of Aboriginal clients during the first year of the DLM project was compared with Aboriginal clients who attended during the 5...
October 2016: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635093/role-of-art-centres-for-aboriginal-australians-living-with-dementia-in-remote-communities
#4
Melissa Lindeman, Paulene Mackell, Xiaoping Lin, Annie Farthing, Heather Jensen, Maree Meredith, Betty Haralambous
OBJECTIVE: To explore the role art centres in remote communities play for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians living with dementia. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search was undertaken, with no restrictions on articles regarding year of publication. RESULTS: Art programmes have been found to be of benefit to both people living with dementia and their carers, particularly when programmes are administered in environments that are culturally revered...
June 2017: Australasian Journal on Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626440/executive-function-in-adolescence-associations-with-child-and-family-risk-factors-and-self-regulation-in-early-childhood
#5
Donna Berthelsen, Nicole Hayes, Sonia L J White, Kate E Williams
Executive functions are important higher-order cognitive skills for goal-directed thought and action. These capacities contribute to successful school achievement and lifelong wellbeing. The importance of executive functions to children's education begins in early childhood and continues throughout development. This study explores contributions of child and family factors in early childhood to the development of executive function in adolescence. Analyses draw on data from the nationally representative study, Growing up in Australia: The Longitudinal Study of Australian Children...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614046/cancer-risk-factors-and-screening-in-first-nations-in-ontario
#6
Maegan V Mazereeuw, Alexander Yurkiewich, Sehar Jamal, Caroline Cawley, Carmen R Jones
INTRODUCTION: A lack of identifiers in health administrative databases limits our understanding of the cancer burden in First Nations. This study compares cancer risk factors and screening between First Nations in Ontario (on and off reserve) and non-Aboriginal Ontarians using two unique health surveys. METHODS: We measured age-standardized prevalence estimates using the First Nations Regional Health Survey (RHS) Phase 2, 2008/10 (for First Nations on reserve) and the Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS), 2007-2013 (for First Nations off reserve and non-Aboriginal Ontarians)...
June 2017: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608451/commissioning-and-equity-in-primary-care-in-australia-views-from-primary-health-networks
#7
Julie Henderson, Sara Javanparast, Tamara MacKean, Toby Freeman, Fran Baum, Anna Ziersch
This paper reports findings from 55 stakeholder interviews undertaken in six Primary Health Networks (PHNs) in Australia as part of a study of the impact of population health planning in regional primary health organisations on service access and equity. Primary healthcare planning is currently undertaken by PHNs which were established in 2015 as commissioning organisations. This was a departure from the role of Medicare Locals, the previous regional primary health organisations which frequently provided services...
June 12, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605433/sociodemographic-correlates-of-clinical-laboratory-test-expenditures-in-a-major-canadian-city
#8
Jocelyn Barber, Maggie Guo, Leonard T Nguyen, Roger Thomas, Tanvir Chowdhury Turin, Marcus Vaska, Christopher Naugler
Objectives: The increasing cost of clinical laboratory testing is a challenge in our health care system. This study aims to calculate the annual clinical laboratory test costs attributed to patients in a major Canadian city and to correlate them to their sociodemographic variables. Methods: Retrospective cohort study involving patients who received clinical chemistry, hematology, and microbiology tests in 2011 in Calgary, Canada (n = 610,409). Test volumes were obtained from a laboratory informatics database...
June 12, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595690/understanding-health-talk-in-an-urban-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-primary-healthcare-service-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Prabha Lakhan, Deborah Askew, Mark F Harris, Corey Kirk, Noel Hayman
Health literacy is an important determinant of health status. This cross-sectional study aimed to describe the prevalence of adequate health literacy among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander patients or their carers including parents of sick children attending an urban primary healthcare clinic in Australia, and their experiences of communication with General Practitioners (GPs). A questionnaire, including questions from the Brief Health Literacy Screen (BHLS) and questions from the Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (CAHPS): Communication with Provider, was administered to 427 participants...
June 9, 2017: Australian Journal of Primary Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587943/delivering-direct-acting-antiviral-therapy-for-hepatitis-c-to-highly-marginalised-and-current-drug-injecting-populations-in-a-targeted-primary-health-care-setting
#10
Phillip Read, Rebecca Lothian, Karen Chronister, Rosie Gilliver, John Kearley, Gregory J Dore, Ingrid van Beek
BACKGROUND: The Kirketon Road Centre (KRC) is a community-based public health facility in Sydney, Australia, that provides healthcare to people who inject drugs (PWID) care, including hepatitis C virus (HCV) treatment. From March 2016, the Australian Government has provided access to direct-acting antivirals (DAA) for adults with chronic HCV, without liver disease stage or drug and alcohol use restrictions. The aim of this study was to report DAA treatment outcomes among highly marginalised PWID treated at KRC...
June 3, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583251/are-changes-in-australian-national-primary-healthcare-policy-likely-to-promote-or-impede-equity-of-access-a-narrative-review
#11
Matthew Fisher, Fran Baum, Adrian Kay, Sharon Friel
Significant changes have occurred in Australia's national primary healthcare (PHC) policy over the last decade, but little assessment has been made of implications for equity. This research aimed to identify key recent changes in national PHC policy and assess implications for equity of access to PHC. Academic literature was reviewed to identify issues affecting equity of access in national PHC policy, and grey literature was also reviewed to identify significant policy changes during 2005-16 with implications for equitable access...
June 6, 2017: Australian Journal of Primary Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581378/prison-health-service-directors-views-on-research-priorities-and-organizational-issues-in-conducting-research-in-prison-outcomes-of-a-national-deliberative-roundtable
#12
Paul Leslie Simpson, Jill Guthrie, Tony Butler
Purpose Given that prisoners have significant health needs across most areas, the paucity of prisoner health research, and the difficulties involved in the conduct of research in this setting, there is a need to develop research priorities that align with key stakeholder groups. One such group are those responsible for health service provision in prisons - prison health service directors. The paper aims to discuss these issues. Design/methodology/approach Prison health service directors in each Australian state and territory were invited to participate in a national (deliberative) roundtable where the consensus building nominal group technique was utilized...
June 12, 2017: International Journal of Prisoner Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578755/enhancing-national-data-to-align-with-policy-objectives-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-smoking-prevalence-at-finer-geographic-levels
#13
Alyson Wright, Ray Lovett, Yvette Roe, Alice Richardson
Objectives The aim of the study was to assess the utility of national Aboriginal survey data in a regional geospatial analysis of daily smoking prevalence for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians and discuss the appropriateness of this analysis for policy and program impact assessment.Methods Data from the last two Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) national surveys of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, the National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Social Survey 2014-15 (n=7022 adults) and the National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Survey 2012-13 (n=10896 adults), were used to map the prevalence of smoking by Indigenous regions...
June 5, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578754/internet-images-of-the-speech-pathology-profession
#14
Nicole Byrne
Objective The Internet provides the general public with information about speech pathology services, including client groups and service delivery models, as well as the professionals providing the services. Although this information assists the general public and other professionals to both access and understand speech pathology services, it also potentially provides information about speech pathology as a prospective career, including the types of people who are speech pathologists (i.e. demographics). The aim of the present study was to collect baseline data on how the speech pathology profession was presented via images on the Internet...
June 5, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576137/characteristics-of-patients-receiving-midwife-led-prenatal-care-in-canada-results-from-the-maternity-experiences-survey-mes
#15
Peri Abdullah, Sabrina Gallant, Naseem Saghi, Alison Macpherson, Hala Tamim
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine the characteristics of women in Canada who received care from a midwife during their prenatal period. METHODS: The findings of this study were drawn from the Maternity Experiences Survey (MES), which was a cross-sectional survey that assessed the experiences of women who gave birth between November 2005 and May 2006. The main outcome variable for this study was the prenatal care provider (i.e. midwife versus other healthcare providers)...
June 2, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569385/engaging-indigenous-families-in-a-community-based-indigenous-early-childhood-programme-in-british-columbia-canada-a-cultural-safety-perspective
#16
Alison J Gerlach, Annette J Browne, Margo Greenwood
This article is part of a larger study that explored how an Indigenous early intervention programme in British Columbia (BC), Canada, known as the 'Aboriginal Infant Development Program' (AIDP), influenced family and children's health and well-being and was responsive to child health inequities. Postcolonial feminist and Indigenous feminist perspectives provided a critical analytical lens to this qualitative inquiry. The study was undertaken with AIDPs based in diverse community organisations located in off-reserve urban municipalities throughout the province of BC...
June 1, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566365/exploring-an-adapted-risk-behaviour-diagnosis-scale-among-indigenous-australian-women-who-had-experiences-of-smoking-during-pregnancy-a-cross-sectional-survey-in-regional-new-south-wales-australia
#17
Gillian Sandra Gould, Michelle Bovill, Simon Chiu, Billie Bonevski, Christopher Oldmeadow
OBJECTIVES: Explore Aboriginal women's responses to an adapted Risk Behaviour Diagnosis (RBD) Scale about smoking in pregnancy. METHODS AND DESIGN: An Aboriginal researcher interviewed women and completed a cross-sectional survey including 20 Likert scales. SETTING: Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Services, community groups and playgroups and Aboriginal Maternity Services in regional New South Wales, Australia. PARTICIPANTS: Aboriginal women (n=20) who were pregnant or gave birth in the preceding 18 months; included if they had experiences of smoking or quitting during pregnancy...
May 30, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559679/case-study-of-an-aboriginal-community-controlled-health-service-in-australia-universal-rights-based-publicly-funded-comprehensive-primary-health-care-in-action
#18
Toby Freeman, Fran Baum, Angela Lawless, Ronald Labonté, David Sanders, John Boffa, Tahnia Edwards, Sara Javanparast
Universal health coverage provides a framework to achieve health services coverage but does not articulate the model of care desired. Comprehensive primary health care includes promotive, preventive, curative, and rehabilitative interventions and health equity and health as a human right as central goals. In Australia, Aboriginal community-controlled health services have pioneered comprehensive primary health care since their inception in the early 1970s. Our five-year project on comprehensive primary health care in Australia partnered with six services, including one Aboriginal community-controlled health service, the Central Australian Aboriginal Congress...
December 2016: Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554880/diversity-in-emental-health-practice-an-exploratory-qualitative-study-of-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-service-providers
#19
Jennifer Bird, Darlene Rotumah, James Bennett-Levy, Judy Singer
BACKGROUND: In Australia, mental health services are undergoing major systemic reform with eMental Health (eMH) embedded in proposed service models for all but those with severe mental illness. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander service providers have been targeted as a national priority for training and implementation of eMH into service delivery. Implementation studies on technology uptake in health workforces identify complex and interconnected variables that influence how individual practitioners integrate new technologies into their practice...
May 29, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549382/is-remote-health-different-to-rural-health
#20
John Wakerman, Lisa Bourke, John S Humphreys, Judy Taylor
INTRODUCTION: The study identifies the differences between rural health and remote health and describes key distinctive characteristics of remote health. METHODS: The study used a mixed method approach of interviews and questionnaires (utilising a Likert scale) with expert stakeholders in rural health and remote health. A total of 45 interviews were conducted with experts selected from every state and territory of Australia. Of these, 41 also completed a questionnaire, of which 21 respondents were female, 20 identified predominantly as academics while six, five and five indicated that they worked in policy, advocacy and as a practitioner, respectively...
April 2017: Rural and Remote Health
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