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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027330/poor-nutrition-from-first-foods-a-cross-sectional-study-of-complementary-feeding-of-infants-and-young-children-in-six-remote-aboriginal-communities-across-northern-australia
#1
Dympna Leonard, Danielle Aquino, Nyssa Hadgraft, Fintan Thompson, Julia V Marley
AIM: To describe the first foods of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander infants and young children who were recruited to a nutrition promotion and anaemia prevention program conducted from 2010 to 2012, in six remote communities across northern Australia. METHODS: Food records (24-hour diet history, food variety checklist) were completed on recruitment by interview with a parent or carer. Cross-sectional analysis assessed the proportion of participants consuming recommended and not-recommended foods and drinks and meeting recommendations for meal frequency and dietary diversity...
October 13, 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025357/fatherhood-in-australian-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-communities-an-examination-of-barriers-and-opportunities-to-strengthen-the-male-parenting-role
#2
Lyndon Reilly, Susan Rees
Traditional Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander societies value men's role as parents; however, the importance of promoting fatherhood as a key social determinant of men's well-being has not been fully appreciated in Western medicine. To strengthen the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander male parenting role, it is vital to examine current barriers and opportunities. The first author (a male Aboriginal health project officer) conducted yarning sessions in three remote Australian communities, two being Aboriginal, the other having a high Aboriginal population...
October 1, 2017: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021946/predictors-of-pneumococcal-carriage-and-the-effect-of-the-13-valent-pneumococcal-conjugate-vaccination-in-the-western-australian-aboriginal-population
#3
Deirdre A Collins, Anke Hoskins, Thomas Snelling, Kalpani Senasinghe, Jacinta Bowman, Natalie A Stemberger, Amanda J Leach, Deborah Lehmann
BACKGROUND: The 7-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV7) was introduced to prevent invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) in Western Australian (WA) Aboriginal people in 2001. PCV13 replaced PCV7 in July 2011, covering six additional pneumococcal serotypes; however, IPD rates remained high in Aboriginal people in WA. Upper respiratory tract pneumococcal carriage can precede IPD, and PCVs alter serotype distribution. METHODS: To assess the impact of PCV13 introduction, identify emerging serotypes, and assess risk factors for carriage, nasopharyngeal swabs and information on demographic characteristics, health, medication and living conditions from Aboriginal children and adults across WA from August 2008 to November 2014 were collected...
2017: Pneumonia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021079/blood-borne-virus-transmission-in-an-urban-culturally-diverse-neighbourhood-results-from-a-cross-sectional-bio-behavioural-survey-using-innovative-outreach-methods-in-a-hard-to-reach-population
#4
Elizabeth Peach, Shelley Cogger, Kat Byron, Penny Francis, Daniel O'Keefe, Peter Higgs, Mark Stoove, Kasey Elmore, Paul Dietze, Margaret Hellard
Background: Following a HIV outbreak among Aboriginal people in a culturally diverse inner-city suburb of Melbourne, a blood-borne virus (BBV) screening program was conducted to inform public health interventions to prevent transmission and facilitate timely diagnosis and linkage to care. Methods: In August-September 2014, community health workers recruited people who inject drugs (PWID) from a local needle and syringe program. Participants were tested for hepatitis C virus (HCV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), HIV and syphilis and completed a bio-behavioural questionnaire...
October 12, 2017: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020957/social-disparities-in-the-prevalence-of-diabetes-in-australia-and-in-the-development-of-end-stage-renal-disease-due-to-diabetes-for-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islanders-in-australia-and-maori-and-pacific-islanders-in-new-zealand
#5
Kathleen Hill, Paul Ward, Blair S Grace, Jonathan Gleadle
BACKGROUND: Disparities in health status occur between people with differing socioeconomic status and disadvantaged groups usually have the highest risk exposure and the worst health outcome. We sought to examine the social disparities in the population prevalence of diabetes and in the development of treated end stage renal disease due to type 1 diabetes which has not previously been studied in Australia and New Zealand in isolation from type 2 diabetes. METHODS: This observational study examined the population prevalence of diabetes in a sample of the Australian population (7,434,492) using data from the National Diabetes Services Scheme and of treated end stage renal disease due to diabetes using data from the Australian and New Zealand Dialysis and Transplant Registry...
October 11, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987134/testing-for-type-2-diabetes-in-indigenous-australians-guideline-recommendations-and-current-practice
#6
Christine L Paul, Paul Ishiguchi, Catherine A D'Este, Jonathan E Shaw, Rob W Sanson-Fisher, Kristy Forshaw, Alessandra Bisquera, Jennifer Robinson, Claudia Koller, Sandra J Eades
OBJECTIVES: To determine the proportion of Aboriginal Controlled Community Health Service (ACCHS) patients tested according to three national diabetes testing guidelines; to investigate whether specific patient characteristics were associated with being tested. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Cross-sectional study of 20 978 adult Indigenous Australians not diagnosed with diabetes attending 18 ACCHSs across Australia. De-identified electronic whole service data for July 2010 - June 2013 were analysed...
August 4, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982808/cost-effectiveness-of-stroke-care-in-aboriginal-and-non-aboriginal-patients-an-observational-cohort-study-in-the-northern-territory-of-australia
#7
Yuejen Zhao, Steven Guthridge, Henrik Falhammar, Howard Flavell, Dominique A Cadilhac
OBJECTIVE: To assess cost-effectiveness of stroke care for Aboriginal compared with non-Aboriginal patients in the Northern Territory (NT), Australia. DESIGN: Cost-effectiveness analysis using data from a cohort-based follow-up study of stroke incidents. SETTING: Public hospitals in the NT from 1992 to 2013. PARTICIPANTS: Individual patient data were extracted and linked from the hospital inpatient and primary care information systems...
October 5, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980733/living-the-social-determinants-of-health-assemblages-in-a-remote-aboriginal-community
#8
Richard D Chenhall, Kate Senior
This article provides a critical discussion of the social determinants of health framework and compares it with theoretical perspectives, such as that offered by assemblage theory, offering an alternative view of the complex interplay between human relationships and the structures around us. We offer an ethnographic perspective, discussing the lived experiences of the social determinants in an Indigenous community in a remote part of northern Australia. [Indigenous health, social determinants of health, assemblages, ethnography, medical anthropology] This article is protected by copyright...
October 5, 2017: Medical Anthropology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979064/an-evaluation-of-multisystemic-therapy-with-australian-families
#9
Mark Porter, Leartluk Nuntavisit
This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of the Multisystemic Therapy (MST) intervention for Australian families invloved with the Specialist Child and Adolescent Mental Health Service (CAMHS). This program was implemented within the Western Australian Department of Health in 2005, and has continually operated two small clinical teams within the Perth metropolitan area since then. This intervention was specifically chosen to improve service access, engagement, and intervention with vulnerable families having young persons with a history of significant and enduring behavioural problems...
December 2016: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Family Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973397/aboriginal-youth-s-perceptions-of-traditional-and-commercial-tobacco-in-canada
#10
Fidji Gendron
Although tobacco has played an important role in Aboriginal culture for millennia, its more recent recreational use has resulted in serious health concerns among Aboriginal users. In Canada, First Nations youth have higher smoking rates than non-Aboriginal youth. The goals of this study were to examine Aboriginal youth's perceptions of traditional and commercial tobacco and to evaluate perception changes following workshops on traditional uses of tobacco by Elders and other community members, native plants used in ceremony and health impacts of cigarette smoking...
August 30, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965536/effect-of-an-ageing-population-on-services-for-the-elderly-in-the-northern-territory
#11
Michael Lowe, Pasqualina Coffey
Objective The aim of the present study was to describe the elderly population of the Northern Territory (NT), explore the challenges of delivering aged care services to this population and implications for the acute care sector.Methods Data gathered from a variety of sources were used to describe the demographic and health profile of elderly Territorians, the aged care structure and services in the NT, and admission trends of elderly patients in NT hospitals. Information regarding NT community and residential aged care services was sourced from government reports...
October 2, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961160/assessing-and-validating-an-educational-resource-package-for-health-professionals-to-improve-smoking-cessation-care-in-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-pregnant-women
#12
Yael Bar-Zeev, Michelle Bovill, Billie Bonevski, Maree Gruppetta, Jennifer Reath, Gillian S Gould
Australian Aboriginal pregnant women have a high smoking prevalence (45%). Health professionals lack adequate educational resources to manage smoking. Resources need to be tailored to ensure saliency, cultural-sensitivity and account for diversity of Indigenous populations. As part of an intervention to improve health professionals' smoking cessation care in Aboriginal pregnant women, a resource package was developed collaboratively with two Aboriginal Medical Services. The purpose of this study was to assess and validate this resource package...
September 29, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946918/a-model-for-a-drug-distribution-system-in-remote-australia-as-a-social-determinant-of-health-using-event-structure-analysis
#13
John P Rovers, Michelle D Mages
BACKGROUND: The social determinants of health include the health systems under which people live and utilize health services. One social determinant, for which pharmacists are responsible, is designing drug distribution systems that ensure patients have safe and convenient access to medications. This is critical for settings with poor access to health care. Rural and remote Australia is one example of a setting where the pharmacy profession, schools of pharmacy, and regulatory agencies require pharmacists to assure medication access...
September 25, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943186/making-visible-the-invisible-aboriginal-forensic-mental-health
#14
Michael Wright, Sophie Davison, Edward Petch
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 21, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929872/building-worldly-insights
#15
Michael Tremblay
This article offers health leaders in Canada an opportunity to build a more worldly understanding of healthcare challenges. The focus is on post-conflict countries and island/small countries. Small and island countries often depend on other countries for their workforce and for specialist healthcare services. Conflict usually undermines if it doesn't destroy a country's healthcare system. Small and island countries offer opportunities for the majority of Canadian provinces and territories to develop new approaches from novel comparator countries, with which they may have more in common...
July 2017: Healthcare Management Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929097/integrated-clinical-decision-support-systems-promote-absolute-cardiovascular-risk-assessment-an-important-primary-prevention-measure-in-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-primary-health-care
#16
Veronica Matthews, Christopher P Burgess, Christine Connors, Elizabeth Moore, David Peiris, David Scrimgeour, Sandra C Thompson, Sarah Larkins, Ross Bailie
BACKGROUND: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians experience a greater burden of disease compared to non-Indigenous Australians. Around one-fifth of the health disparity is caused by cardiovascular disease (CVD). Despite the importance of absolute cardiovascular risk assessment (CVRA) as a screening and early intervention tool, few studies have reported its use within the Australian Indigenous primary health care (PHC) sector. This study utilizes data from a large-scale quality improvement program to examine variation in documented CVRA as a primary prevention strategy for individuals without prior CVD across four Australian jurisdictions...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923162/food-and-nutrition-programs-for-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-australians-an-overview-of-systematic-reviews
#17
Jennifer Browne, Karen Adams, Petah Atkinson, Deborah Gleeson, Rick Hayes
Objective To provide an overview of previous reviews of programs that aimed to improve nutritional status or diet-related health outcomes for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples, in order to determine what programs are effective and why.Methods A systematic search of databases and relevant websites was undertaken to identify reviews of nutrition interventions for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians. Pairs of reviewers undertook study selection and data extraction and performed quality assessment using a validated tool...
September 19, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923069/perceived-barriers-and-enablers-to-participation-in-a-community-tailored-physical-activity-program-with-indigenous-australians-in-a-regional-and-rural-setting-a-qualitative-study
#18
Ashleigh Sushames, Terry Engelberg, Klaus Gebel
BACKGROUND: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people have higher rates of chronic disease and a lower life expectancy than non-Indigenous Australians. In non-urban areas these health disparities are even larger. The aim of this qualitative study was to explore perceived barriers and enablers to attending an eight-week physical activity program in a rural and regional setting which aimed to improve health outcomes, but had a low attendance rate. METHODS: Thirty-four Indigenous Australians participated in the intervention from the rural (n = 12) and the regional (n = 22) community...
September 18, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915868/the-cedar-project-using-indigenous-specific-determinants-of-health-to-predict-substance-use-among-young-pregnant-involved-aboriginal-women
#19
Sana Z Shahram, Joan L Bottorff, Nelly D Oelke, Leanne Dahlgren, Victoria Thomas, Patricia M Spittal
BACKGROUND: Indigenous women in Canada have been hyper-visible in research, policy and intervention related to substance use during pregnancy; however, little is known about how the social determinants of health and substance use prior to, during, and after pregnancy intersect. The objectives of this study were to describe the social contexts of pregnant-involved young Indigenous women who use substances and to explore if an Indigenous-Specific Determinants of Health Model can predict substance use among this population...
September 15, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915815/designing-an-implementation-intervention-with-the-behaviour-change-wheel-for-health-provider-smoking-cessation-care-for-australian-indigenous-pregnant-women
#20
Gillian S Gould, Yael Bar-Zeev, Michelle Bovill, Lou Atkins, Maree Gruppetta, Marilyn J Clarke, Billie Bonevski
BACKGROUND: Indigenous smoking rates are up to 80% among pregnant women: prevalence among pregnant Australian Indigenous women was 45% in 2014, contributing significantly to the health gap for Indigenous Australians. We aimed to develop an implementation intervention to improve smoking cessation care (SCC) for pregnant Indigenous smokers, an outcome to be achieved by training health providers at Aboriginal Medical Services (AMS) in a culturally competent approach, developed collaboratively with AMS...
September 15, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
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