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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905923/navigating-the-journey-of-aboriginal-childhood-disability-a-qualitative-study-of-carers-interface-with-services
#1
Anna Green, Penelope Abbott, Patricia Delaney, Patrick Patradoon-Ho, John Delaney, Patricia Mary Davidson, Michelle DiGiacomo
BACKGROUND: The disadvantage experienced by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children with a disability is well recognized. The long term consequences of failing to address disability on health, education and employment underlies the importance of early intervention. Caregivers experience a disproportionate burden and have challenges accessing services. The aim of this study was to describe the carer journey of accessing support and services. METHODS: We conducted in-depth semi-structured interviews with nineteen parents and carers of Aboriginal children aged 0-8 years...
December 1, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888837/changes-in-the-profile-of-australians-in-77-residential-aged-care-facilities-across-new-south-wales-and-the-australian-capital-territory
#2
Robert Borotkanics, Cassandra Rowe, Andrew Georgiou, Heather Douglas, Meredith Makeham, Johanna Westbrook
Objective Government expenditure on and the number of aged care facilities in Australia have increased consistently since 1995. As a result, a range of aged care policy changes have been implemented. Data on demographics and utilisation are important in determining the effects of policy on residential aged care services. Yet, there are surprisingly few statistical summaries in the peer-reviewed literature on the profile of Australian aged care residents or trends in service utilisation. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to characterise the demographic profile and utilisation of a large cohort of residential aged care residents, including trends over a 3-year period...
November 28, 2016: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887580/factors-associated-with-difficulty-accessing-health-care-for-infants-in-canada-mothers-reports-from-the-cross-sectional-maternity-experiences-survey
#3
Alisa D Brandon, Christy Costanian, Manal F El Sayed, Hala Tamim
BACKGROUND: Approximately 13% of Canadian mothers report difficulty accessing health care for their infants, yet little is known about the factors associated with difficulty. Therefore, we examined factors associated with difficulty accessing non-routine health care for Canadian infants, from birth to 14 months of age, as reported by their mothers. METHODS: Data was drawn from the Maternity Experiences Survey (MES), a cross-sectional, nationally representative survey of mothers who gave birth between November 2005 and May 2006, aged 15 years or older, and lived with their infants at the time of survey administration...
November 25, 2016: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878418/factors-associated-with-current-smoking-among-off-reserve-first-nations-and-m%C3%A3-tis-youth-results-from-the-2012-aboriginal-peoples-survey
#4
Christopher Ryan, Scott Leatherdale, Martin Cooke
First Nations and Métis, two of Canada's constitutionally recognized Indigenous groups, suffer from poorer overall health than non-Indigenous Canadians. Current smoking, a known predictor of chronic health conditions, is close to twice as prevalent among Indigenous youth as it is among non-Indigenous Canadian youth. However, little population-level research has examined the correlates of current smoking among this population. Guided by a health framework centered on Indigenous-specific determinants, we used data from the 2012 Aboriginal Peoples Survey to examine the correlates of current smoking among First Nations and Métis youth aged 15-17 years living outside of First Nations reserves...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871180/prescription-opioid-prescribing-use-misuse-harms-and-treatment-among-aboriginal-people-in-canada-a-narrative-review-of-available-data-and-indicators
#5
Cayley Russell, Michelle Firestone, Len Kelly, Christopher Mushquash, Benedikt Fischer
INTRODUCTION: Prescription opioid (PO) misuse and related harms are high in Canada, and a major public health challenge. In Canada, 1.4 million individuals (4.3% of the total population) self-identify as Aboriginal, among whom substance use and related harms are elevated. While there are reports of PO use and associated problems among Aboriginal groups, no comprehensive data review currently exists. METHODS: A review of available data sources (ie journal publications, public reports and 'grey' literature) was conducted following principles of a scoping review...
October 2016: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868348/theory-that-explains-an-aboriginal-perspective-of-learning-to-understand-and-manage-diabetes
#6
Emma Webster, Craig Johnson, Bernie Kemp, Valerie Smith, Monica Johnson, Billie Townsend
OBJECTIVE: To use grounded theory and participatory research methodology to explain how Aboriginal people learn to understand and manage type 2 diabetes. METHODS: Aboriginal people with diabetes were invited to participate in one of five focus groups (n=25, male=12, female=13). Focus groups and education sessions were conducted by Aboriginal members of the research team. Focus groups were audio recorded and transcribed, with coding and first level analysis undertaken by all members of the research team...
November 20, 2016: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868342/food-and-beverage-price-discounts-to-improve-health-in-remote-aboriginal-communities-mixed-method-evaluation-of-a-natural-experiment
#7
Megan Ferguson, Kerin O'Dea, Stacey Holden, Eddie Miles, Julie Brimblecombe
OBJECTIVE: Retrospectively evaluate food price discounts in remote Aboriginal community stores. METHODS: Four price discount strategies of 10% were designed in 2010, aiming to influence grocery, fruit, vegetables and diet soft-drink sales. This natural experiment across a group of stores was evaluated using an explanatory, sequential mixed method design through analysis of store point-of-sale, document, observation and interview data. The outcome was measured by change in: 1) percentage of grocery sales to total food and beverage; 2) fruit and vegetable sales; and 3) diet soft-drink sales...
November 20, 2016: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868308/-partnerships-are-crucial-an-evaluation-of-the-aboriginal-family-birthing-program-in-south-australia
#8
Philippa Middleton, Tanya Bubner, Karen Glover, Alice Rumbold, Donna Weetra, Wendy Scheil, Stephanie Brown
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate implementation and outcomes of the Aboriginal Family Birthing Program (AFBP), which provides culturally competent antenatal, intrapartum and early postnatal care for Aboriginal families across South Australia (SA). METHODS: Analysis of births to Aboriginal women in SA 2010-2012; interviews with health professionals and AFBP clients. RESULTS: Around a third of all Aboriginal women giving birth in SA 2010-2012 (n=486) attended AFBP services...
November 20, 2016: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868300/outcomes-of-using-telehealth-for-the-provision-of-healthcare-to-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-people-a-systematic-review
#9
Liam J Caffery, Natalie K Bradford, Sumudu I Wickramasinghe, Noel Hayman, Anthony C Smith
OBJECTIVE: To examine reported outcomes of health services delivered by telehealth to Indigenous Australians. METHODS: Systematic review of the literature. Searches were conducted to identify articles that reported a telehealth service used to provide clinical services to Indigenous Australians. Articles were screened for inclusion using pre-defined criteria. Findings were synthesised narratively and reported using the preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses (PRISMA) guidelines...
November 20, 2016: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865132/a-network-approach-to-policy-framing-a-case-study-of-the-national-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-health-plan
#10
Jennifer Browne, Evelyne de Leeuw, Deborah Gleeson, Karen Adams, Petah Atkinson, Rick Hayes
Aboriginal health policy in Australia represents a unique policy subsystem comprising a diverse network of Aboriginal-specific and "mainstream" organisations, often with competing interests. This paper describes the network structure of organisations attempting to influence national Aboriginal health policy and examines how the different subgroups within the network approached the policy discourse. Public submissions made as part of a policy development process for the National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Plan were analysed using a novel combination of network analysis and qualitative framing analysis...
November 9, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855703/working-at-the-interface-in-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-health-focussing-on-the-individual-health-professional-and-their-organisation-as-a-means-to-address-health-equity
#11
Annabelle M Wilson, Janet Kelly, Anthea Magarey, Michelle Jones, Tamara Mackean
BACKGROUND: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people experience inequity in health outcomes in Australia. Health care interactions are an important starting place to seek to address this inequity. The majority of health professionals in Australia do not identify as Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people and the health care interaction therefore becomes an example of working in an intercultural space (or interface). It is therefore critical to consider how health professionals may maximise the positive impact within the health care interaction by skilfully working at the interface...
November 17, 2016: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852724/opportunistic-screening-to-detect-atrial-fibrillation-in-aboriginal-adults-in-australia
#12
Kylie Gwynne, Yvonne Flaskas, Ciaran O'Brien, Thomas Lee Jeffries, Debbie McCowen, Heather Finlayson, Tanya Martin, Lis Neubeck, Ben Freedman
INTRODUCTION: There is a 10-year gap in life expectancy between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal Australians. The leading cause of death for Aboriginal Australians is cardiovascular disease, including myocardial infarction and stroke. Although atrial fibrillation (AF) is a known precursor to stroke there are no published studies about the prevalence of AF for Aboriginal people and limited evidence about AF in indigenous populations globally. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This mixed methods study will recruit and train Aboriginal health workers to use an iECG device attached to a smartphone to consecutively screen 1500 Aboriginal people aged 45 years and older...
November 15, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843824/diabetes-mellitus-and-the-aboriginal-diabetic-initiative-in-canada-an-update-review
#13
REVIEW
Lawrence Leung
Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease of major global health concern due to its increasing prevalence in both developing and developed counties, with a projection increase of 214% from the year 2000 to 2030. Among the Aboriginal population of Canada (which includes the First Nations, Inuit and Metis), diabetes mellitus contribute significantly to their higher morbidity and increased health disparity when compared to the non-Aboriginal Canadians. In view of this, the Federal Government of Canada had launched the Aboriginal Diabetes Initiative (ADI) in 1999 as part of the bigger Canadian Diabetes Strategy to provide a better framework for surveillance, public education and community-based management of diabetes...
April 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842585/immunisation-timeliness-in-a-cohort-of-urban-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-children
#14
Yolanda G Lovie-Toon, Kerry K Hall, Anne B Chang, Jennie Anderson, Kerry-Ann F O'Grady
BACKGROUND: To evaluate immunisation coverage, timeliness and predictors of delayed receipt in urban Australian Indigenous children during the first 18 months of life. METHODS: Cross-sectional retrospective analysis of data collected from 140 Australian Indigenous children aged < 5 years at the time of enrolment in a prospective cohort study on respiratory illness between 14 February 2013 and 28 January 2015. Children were recruited through an urban community primary health care centre in the Northern suburbs of Brisbane, Queensland...
November 14, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832789/a-prospective-evaluation-of-first-people-s-health-promotion-program-design-in-the-goulburn-murray-rivers-region
#15
Joyce Doyle, Sharon Atkinson-Briggs, Petah Atkinson, Bradley Firebrace, Julie Calleja, Rachel Reilly, Margaret Cargo, Therese Riley, Tui Crumpen, Kevin Rowley
BACKGROUND: Aboriginal Community Controlled Organisations (ACCOs) provide community-focussed and culturally safe services for First Peoples in Australia, including crisis intervention and health promotion activities, in a holistic manner. The ecological model of health promotion goes some way towards describing the complexity of such health programs. The aims of this project were to: 1) identify the aims and purpose of existing health promotion programs conducted by an alliance of ACCOs in northern Victoria, Australia; and 2) evaluate the extent to which these programs are consistent with an ecological model of health promotion, addressing both individual and environmental determinants of health...
November 10, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816066/sectoral-system-capacity-development-in-health-promotion-evaluation-of-an-aboriginal-nutrition-program
#16
Bill Genat, Jennifer Browne, Sharon Thorpe, Catherine MacDonald
Issue addressed: The study examined effective ways to build the capacity of health organisations and professionals in the public health sector to reduce Aboriginal chronic disease risk factors. It investigated the capacity-building strategies of the Victorian Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Organisation (VACCHO) nutrition team in the facilitation of the statewide implementation of the Victorian Aboriginal Nutrition and Physical Activity Strategy 2009-2014 (VANPAS).Methods: Using a qualitative design, the study analysed the VACCHO program from 2009-2014 across five domains of capacity development: workforce, resources, organisations, partnerships and leadership...
November 7, 2016: Health Promotion Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815479/hiv-aids-risk-and-prevention-issues-among-inuit-living-in-nunavut-territory-of-canada
#17
Alexander Kumar
AIM: HIV infections occur across the Arctic but their incidence among aboriginal populations varies vastly. At the time this research was initiated there were no data on their occurrence, risk of HIV/AIDS or preventive strategies among Inuit living in the Nunavut territory of Canada. This review is the first to assess the risk of HIV infection among Inuit and evaluate current prevention strategies among Canadian-Inuit populations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The contents of this article are based on the author's own research, undertaken during 3 visits to the Canadian Arctic and the published literature...
November 2016: In Vivo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813660/building-collaboration-a-scoping-review-of-cultural-competency-and-safety-education-and-training-for-healthcare-students-and-professionals-in-canada
#18
Olivia Guerra, Donna Kurtz
: Phenomenon: This scoping literature review summarizes current Canadian health science education and training aimed to lessen health gaps between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal peoples. APPROACH: Keyword searches of peer-reviewed and gray literature databases, websites, and resources recommended by local Aboriginal community members identified 1,754 resources. Using specific inclusion and exclusion criteria, 26 resources relevant to education and training of healthcare professionals and students in Canada were selected...
November 4, 2016: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806529/ethics-of-biological-sampling-research-with-aboriginal-communities-in-canada
#19
Behdin Nowrouzi, Lorrilee McGregor, Alicia McDougall, Donna Debassige, Jennifer Casole, Christine Nguyen, Behnam Nowrouzi-Kia, Deborah McGregor
BACKGROUND: The objective of this paper is to identify key ethical issues associated with biological sampling in Aboriginal populations in Canada and to recommend approaches that can be taken to address these issues. METHODS: Our work included the review of notable biological sampling cases and issues. We examined several significant cases (Nuu-chah-nult people of British Columbia, Hagahai peoples of Papua New Guinea and the Havasupai tribe of Arizona) on the inappropriate use of biological samples and secondary research in Aboriginal populations by researchers...
August 4, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803111/long-term-use-of-secondary-prevention-medications-for-heart-failure-in-western-australia-a-protocol-for-a-population-based-cohort-study
#20
Xiwen Qin, Tiew-Hwa Katherine Teng, Joseph Hung, Tom Briffa, Frank M Sanfilippo
INTRODUCTION: Heart failure (HF) is a chronic, debilitating and progressive disease associated with high morbidity and mortality. Evidence-based medications (EBMs) are the cornerstone of management of patients with HF. In Australia, these EBMs are subsidised by the Commonwealth Government under the Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme. Suboptimal dispensing and non-adherence to these EBMs have been observed in patients with HF. Our study will investigate trends in dispensing patterns, as well as adherence and persistence of EBMs for HF...
November 1, 2016: BMJ Open
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