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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727993/how-do-nurse-practitioners-work-in-primary-health-care-settings-a-scoping-review
#1
REVIEW
Julian Grant, Lauren Lines, Philip Darbyshire, Yvonne Parry
OBJECTIVES: This scoping review explores the work of nurse practitioners in primary health care settings in developed countries and critiques their contribution to improved health outcomes. DESIGN: A scoping review design was employed and included development of a research question, identification of potentially relevant studies, selection of relevant studies, charting data, collating, summarising and reporting findings. An additional step was added to evaluate the methodological rigor of each study...
June 28, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722591/serological-evidence-of-rickettsia-spp-in-western-australian-dogs
#2
Mark David Bennett, Mohammad Yazid Abdad, John Stenos
It has been claimed that dogs can be useful sentinels for public health monitoring of vector-borne infectious diseases, including Rickettsia spp. We used 153 canine blood samples opportunistically collected at Murdoch University Veterinary Hospital and 156 canine sera collected from Aboriginal communities in northwest Western Australia to test for evidence of Rickettsia spp. exposure, using microimmunofluorescence (MIF) in the latter case, and both MIF and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in the former. Conventional and real-time PCR failed to amplify any Rickettsia spp...
June 12, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721036/prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-copd-among-aboriginal-peoples-in-canada-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Yelena Bird, John Moraros, Razi Mahmood, Sarvenaz Esmaeelzadeh, Nway Mon Kyaw Soe
BACKGROUND: COPD among Aboriginal peoples in Canada is a major public health concern. This study was conducted in order to determine the prevalence and association between certain risk factors and COPD among the 35-year-old or older Aboriginal peoples in Canada. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study. It uses data from Statistics Canada's Aboriginal Peoples Survey (APS), 2012. It consists of 8,117 self-identified Aboriginal peoples, aged 35 years old or older from all Canadian provinces and territories...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717343/geographical-variation-and-factors-associated-with-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-in-manitoba
#4
David E Dawe, Harminder Singh, Lahiru Wickramasinghe, Marshall W Pitz, Mahmoud Torabi
BACKGROUND: Screening decreases non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) deaths and is recommended by the Canadian Task Force on Preventive Health Care. We investigated risk factor prevalence and NSCLC incidence at a small region level to inform resource allocation for lung cancer screening. METHODS: NSCLC diagnoses were obtained from the Canadian Cancer Registry, then geocoded to 283 small geographic areas (SGAs) in Manitoba. Sociodemographic characteristics of SGAs were obtained from the 2006 Canadian Census and Canadian Community Health Survey...
2017: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716549/emotional-labour-and-aboriginal-maternal-infant-care-workers-the-invisible-load
#5
R Kirkham, A Rumbold, E Hoon, D Stuart-Butler, V Moore
BACKGROUND: The term 'emotional labour' has been used to describe the competing demands on midwives to empathize with clients whilst maintaining a level of professional detachment. Previous research indicates that when individuals experience difficulty managing these emotions, burnout may result. Aboriginal health care workers often have roles with large emotional demands, as they are relied upon heavily to engage clients in care. However, the concept of emotional labour has received little attention in relation to this group...
July 14, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714432/paths-to-improving-care-of-australian-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-women-following-gestational-diabetes
#6
Sandra Campbell, Nicolette Roux, Cilla Preece, Eileen Rafter, Bronwyn Davis, Jackie Mein, Jacqueline Boyle, Bronwyn Fredericks, Catherine Chamberlain
Aim To understand enablers and barriers influencing postpartum screening for type 2 diabetes following gestational diabetes in Australian Indigenous women and how screening might be improved. BACKGROUND: Australian Indigenous women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) are less likely than other Australian women to receive postpartum diabetes screening. This is despite a fourfold higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes within eight years postpartum. METHODS: We conducted interviews with seven Indigenous women with previous GDM, focus groups with 20 Indigenous health workers and workshops with 24 other health professionals...
July 17, 2017: Primary Health Care Research & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713092/-communicative-competence-and-physician-patient-relationship-in-aboriginal-health-care
#7
Elżbieta Zaniewicz
Modern society consists of people from all walks of life. This melting pot of cultures might be considered both enriching and problematic. In order to communicate successfully, society members should acquire some social skills specific to a given community or, in other words, develop their communicative competence. The aim of this paper is to examine the way extralinguistic knowledge can influence physician - patient relationship in Aboriginal Australian communities. The paper is concerned with not only reviewing fundamental principles of ethnography and communicative competence but also identifying the main cultural differences that may affect the quality of healthcare services...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712160/perspectives-on-childhood-resilience-among-the-aboriginal-community-an-interview-study
#8
Christian Young, Allison Tong, Janice Nixon, Peter Fernando, Deanna Kalucy, Simone Sherriff, Kathleen Clapham, Jonathan C Craig, Anna Williamson
OBJECTIVE: To describe Aboriginal community members' perspectives on the outcomes and origins of resilience among Aboriginal children. METHODS: Face-to-face interviews were conducted with 36 Aboriginal adults (15 health service professionals, 8 youth workers and 13 community members) at two urban and one regional Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Service in New South Wales. Interviews were transcribed and analysed thematically. RESULTS: We identified six themes: withstanding risk (displaying normative development, possessing inner fortitude); adapting to adversity (necessary endurance, masking inner vulnerabilities); positive social influences (secure family environments, role modelling healthy behaviours and relationships); instilling cultural identity (investing in Aboriginal knowledge, building a strong cultural self-concept); community safeguards (offering strategic sustainable services, holistic support, shared responsibility, providing enriching opportunities); and personal empowerment (awareness of positive pathways, developing self-respect, fostering positive decision making)...
July 16, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712137/what-indigenous-australian-clients-value-about-primary-health-care-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-evidence
#9
Judith Streak Gomersall, Odette Gibson, Judith Dwyer, Kim O'Donnell, Matthew Stephenson, Drew Carter, Kootsy Canuto, Zachary Munn, Edoardo Aromataris, Alex Brown
OBJECTIVE: To synthesise client perceptions of the unique characteristics and value of care provided in Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Organisations (ACCHOs) compared to mainstream/general practitioner services, and implications for improving access to quality, appropriate primary health care for Indigenous Australians. METHOD: Standardised systematic review methods with modification informed by ethical and methodological considerations in research involving Indigenous Australians...
July 16, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712123/substance-misuse-intervention-research-in-remote-indigenous-australian-communities-since-the-nhmrc-roadmap
#10
Veronica E Graham, Sandra Campbell, Caryn West, Alan R Clough
OBJECTIVE: Describe program theories of substance misuse interventions with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander (Indigenous) Australians funded by the National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) since the 'Roadmap' for Indigenous health. METHODS: Projects funded 2003-2013 were categorised by intervention strategies. Realist concepts informed the program theory: intended resources and responses; influence of context on outcomes; explicit and implicit program assumptions...
July 16, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710222/a-developmental-evaluation-to-enhance-stakeholder-engagement-in-a-wide-scale-interactive-project-disseminating-quality-improvement-data-study-protocol-for-a-mixed-methods-study
#11
Alison Laycock, Jodie Bailie, Veronica Matthews, Frances Cunningham, Gillian Harvey, Nikki Percival, Ross Bailie
INTRODUCTION: Bringing together continuous quality improvement (CQI) data from multiple health services offers opportunities to identify common improvement priorities and to develop interventions at various system levels to achieve large-scale improvement in care. An important principle of CQI is practitioner participation in interpreting data and planning evidence-based change. This study will contribute knowledge about engaging diverse stakeholders in collaborative and theoretically informed processes to identify and address priority evidence-practice gaps in care delivery...
July 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705223/improving-preventive-health-care-in-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-primary-care-settings
#12
Jodie Bailie, Veronica Matthews, Alison Laycock, Rosalie Schultz, Christopher P Burgess, David Peiris, Sarah Larkins, Ross Bailie
BACKGROUND: Like other colonised populations, Indigenous Australians experience poorer health outcomes than non-Indigenous Australians. Preventable chronic disease is the largest contributor to the health differential between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians, but recommended best-practice preventive care is not consistently provided to Indigenous Australians. Significant improvement in health care delivery could be achieved through identifying and minimising evidence-practice gaps...
July 14, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693556/evidence-for-a-comprehensive-approach-to-aboriginal-tobacco-control-to-maintain-the-decline-in-smoking-an-overview-of-reviews-among-indigenous-peoples
#13
Catherine Chamberlain, Susan Perlen, Sue Brennan, Lucie Rychetnik, David Thomas, Raglan Maddox, Noore Alam, Emily Banks, Andrew Wilson, Sandra Eades
BACKGROUND: Tobacco smoking is a leading cause of disease and premature mortality among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander (Indigenous) Australians. While the daily smoking prevalence among Indigenous Australians has declined significantly from 49% in 2001, it remains about three times higher than that of non-Indigenous Australians (39 and 14%, respectively, for age ≥15 years in 2014-15). This overview of systematic reviews aimed to synthesise evidence about reducing tobacco consumption among Indigenous peoples using a comprehensive framework for Indigenous tobacco control in Australia comprised of the National Tobacco Strategy (NTS) and National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Plan (NATSIHP) principles and priorities...
July 10, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689764/wula-voices-of-aboriginal-women-on-barriers-to-accepting-smoking-cessation-support-during-pregnancy-findings-from-a-qualitative-study
#14
M Bovill, M Gruppetta, Y Cadet-James, M Clarke, B Bonevski, G S Gould
AIM: To gather Aboriginal women's stories of smoking and becoming pregnant to identify the barriers in accepting smoking cessation support during pregnancy. METHODS: Qualitative data were collected through use of yarning methodology between August 2015 and January 2016 by an Aboriginal Researcher with experience in social and community services. A short on-line survey was used to collect quantitative data. Interviews only recorded the therapeutic yarning process, which ranged from 9 to 45min duration, averaging 30min...
July 6, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689644/childhood-stress-and-adversity-is-associated-with-late-life-dementia-in-aboriginal-australians
#15
Kylie Radford, Kim Delbaere, Brian Draper, Holly A Mack, Gail Daylight, Robert Cumming, Simon Chalkley, Cecilia Minogue, Gerald A Broe
OBJECTIVES: High rates of dementia have been observed in Aboriginal Australians. This study aimed to describe childhood stress in older Aboriginal Australians and to examine associations with late-life health and dementia. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study with a representative sample of community-dwelling older Aboriginal Australians. SETTING: Urban and regional communities in New South Wales, Australia. PARTICIPANTS: 336 Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander Australians aged 60-92 years, of whom 296 were included in the current analyses...
May 26, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688922/use-of-family-relationships-improved-consistency-of-identification-of-aboriginal-people-in-linked-administrative-data
#16
Alison J Gibberd, Judy M Simpson, Sandra J Eades
BACKGROUND: Algorithms are often used to improve identification of Aboriginal Australians in linked datasets with inconsistent and incomplete recording of Aboriginal status. We compared how consistently some common algorithms identified family members, developed a new algorithm incorporating relatives' information, and assessed the effects of these algorithms on health estimates. METHODS: The sample was people born 1980-2011 recorded as Aboriginal at least once (or a relative) in four Western Australian datasets and their relatives (n=156,407)...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683808/up-close-and-real-living-and-learning-in-a-remote-community-builds-students-cultural-capabilities-and-understanding-of-health-disparities
#17
Rosalie D Thackrah, Maeva Hall, Kathryn Fitzgerald, Sandra C Thompson
BACKGROUND: Rural and remote communities in Australia fare worse than their urban counterparts across major health indicators, with geographic isolation, restricted accessibility to health services, socioeconomic disadvantage, lifestyle and behavioural factors all implicated in poorer health outcomes. Health disparities, which are especially stark in Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander populations, underscore the urgent need to build a culturally responsive and respectful rural health workforce...
July 6, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682709/knowing-being-and-doing-aboriginal-and-non-aboriginal-collaboration-in-cancer-services
#18
Joanna Zubrzycki, Rick Shipp, Victoria Jones
This qualitative inquiry explored the processes and practices of collaboration as experienced by a group of Australian multidisciplinary Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal health workers. Each worker had participated, for a period of 2 to 5 years, in an Australian Government-funded project in which a range of health initiatives led to improved access to cancer services by Aboriginal communities in a rural region of South Eastern Australia. Initiatives which addressed high rates of mortality from cancer, poor access to cancer screening, and engagement with cancer treatment were developed through the formation of close working relationships between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal health workers...
July 2017: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681281/population-health-outcomes-of-a-student-led-free-health-clinic-for-an-underserved-population-a-naturalistic-study
#19
Cynthia M Stuhlmiller, Barry Tolchard
There are a number of hard to reach and underserved communities who experience inadequate health care. In Australia, the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders peoples experience low life expectancy, higher levels for chronic disease and elevated smoking and drinking. These problems are further exacerbated when living in regional and rural Australia and poverty. There are growing concerns over helping such groups in order to close the health disparity gap. A student-led clinic (SLC) was developed to address clinical placement shortages while providing free health and social services in an underserved community in regional Australia...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680369/mortality-trends-in-australian-aboriginal-peoples-and-new-zealand-m%C3%A4-ori
#20
Bronwen Phillips, John Daniels, Alistair Woodward, Tony Blakely, Richard Taylor, Stephen Morrell
BACKGROUND: The health status of Indigenous populations of Australia and New Zealand (NZ) Māori manifests as life expectancies substantially lower than the total population. Accurate assessment of time trends in mortality and life expectancy allows evaluation of progress in reduction of health inequalities compared to the national or non-Indigenous population. METHODS: Age-specific mortality and life expectancy (at birth) (LE) for Indigenous populations (Australia from 1990 and NZ from 1950); and all Australia and non-Māori NZ (from 1890), males (M) and females (F), were obtained from published sources and national statistical agency reports...
2017: Population Health Metrics
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