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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100145/chronic-health-conditions-among-incoming-canadian-federally-sentenced-women
#1
Amanda M Nolan, Lynn A Stewart
Over a 13-month period, health data on all consecutive incoming Canadian federally sentenced women offenders were collected and analyzed ( N = 280). The most common health conditions cited were back pain, head injury, hepatitis C virus (HCV), and asthma. Rates of chronic health problems were generally similar to those of their male offender counterparts, with the notable exception of HCV, which was higher for women. Aboriginal women offenders had particularly high rates of HCV. The study provides valuable information on the self-reported physical health status of federally sentenced women offenders that can be used as a benchmark to examine health trends over time...
January 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088980/indicators-for-continuous-quality-improvement-for-otitis-media-in-primary-health-care-for-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-children
#2
Beverly Sibthorpe, Jason Agostino, Harvey Coates, Sharon Weeks, Deborah Lehmann, Marianne Wood, Francis Lannigan, Daniel McAullay
Otitis media is a common, generally self-limiting childhood illness that can progress to severe disease and have lifelong sequelae, including hearing loss and developmental delays. Severe disease is disproportionately prevalent among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children. Primary health care is at the frontline of appropriate prevention and treatment. Continuous quality improvement in the prevention and management of important causes of morbidity in client populations is accepted best practice in primary health care and now a requirement of Australian Government funding to services providing care for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children...
January 16, 2017: Australian Journal of Primary Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078479/follow-up-cancer-care-perspectives-of-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-cancer-survivors
#3
J A Meiklejohn, G Garvey, R Bailie, E Walpole, J Adams, D Williamson, J Martin, C M Bernardes, B Arley, B Marcusson, P C Valery
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore Indigenous Australian cancer survivors' perspectives of follow-up cancer care and management.. METHODS: This is a qualitative study employing individual interviews with 21 Indigenous cancer survivors (13 females, 8 males) recruited from a rural primary health service and large tertiary hospital in Brisbane, Queensland. Yarning methods were used to conduct semi-structured interviews. Yarning is a culturally appropriate, informal conversational process emphasising the importance of storytelling...
January 12, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077414/implementation-of-a-consumer-focused-ehealth-intervention-for-people-with-moderate-to-high-cardiovascular-disease-risk-protocol-for-a-mixed-methods-process-evaluation
#4
Genevieve M Coorey, Lis Neubeck, Timothy Usherwood, David Peiris, Sharon Parker, Annie Y S Lau, Clara Chow, Kathryn Panaretto, Mark Harris, Nicholas Zwar, Julie Redfern
INTRODUCTION: Technology-mediated strategies have potential to engage patients in modifying unhealthy behaviour and improving medication adherence to reduce morbidity and mortality from cardiovascular disease (CVD). Furthermore, electronic tools offer a medium by which consumers can more actively navigate personal healthcare information. Understanding how, why and among whom such strategies have an effect can help determine the requirements for implementing them at a scale. This paper aims to detail a process evaluation that will (1) assess implementation fidelity of a multicomponent eHealth intervention; (2) determine its effective features; (3) explore contextual factors influencing and maintaining user engagement; and (4) describe barriers, facilitators, preferences and acceptability of such interventions...
January 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077347/translating-e-mental-health-into-practice-what-are-the-barriers-and-enablers-to-e-mental-health-implementation-by-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-health-professionals
#5
James Bennett-Levy, Judy Singer, Simon DuBois, Kelly Hyde
BACKGROUND: With increasing evidence for the effectiveness of e-mental health interventions for enhancing mental health and well-being, a growing challenge is how to translate promising research findings into service delivery contexts. A 2012 e-mental health initiative by the Australian Federal Government (eMHPrac) has sought to address the issue through several strategies, one of which has been to train different health professional workforces in e-mental health (e-MH). OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to report on the barriers and enablers of e-MH uptake in a cohort of predominantly Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health professionals (21 Indigenous, 5 non-Indigenous) who occupied mainly support or case management roles within their organizations...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070949/growth-faltering-child-rearing-and-social-determinants-of-health-in-aboriginal-community-children
#6
David R Brewster
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069870/the-effect-of-pack-warning-labels-on-quitting-and-related-thoughts-and-behaviours-in-a-national-cohort-of-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-smokers
#7
Anna Nicholson, Ron Borland, Pele Bennet, Maureen Davey, Jasmine Sarin, Anke Van der Sterren, Matthew Stevens, David Thomas
INTRODUCTION: The high prevalence of smoking among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in Australia (39%) contributes substantially to health inequalities. This study assesses the impact of warning labels on quitting and related thoughts and behaviours for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander smokers. METHODS: Participants were recruited from communities served by 34 Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Services and communities in the Torres Strait, Australia, using quota sampling...
January 8, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068507/reducing-recurrence-of-bacterial-skin-infections-in-aboriginal-children-in-rural-communities-new-ways-of-thinking-new-ways-of-working
#8
Susan Thomas, Kristy Crooks, Kylie Taylor, Peter D Massey, Ruth Williams, Glenn Pearce
Reports from health workers, school staff and community members in rural NSW suggested that bacterial skin infections are a significant health issue for Aboriginal children and their families, affecting quality of life and contributing to poor school attendance. Current NSW treatment guidelines do not incorporate important sociocultural factors or ways of living in Aboriginal communities. The aim of this qualitative study was to gain a deeper understanding of the experience of parents and carers of Aboriginal children affected by skin infections and of other community members, health workers and school staff, and what actions have been considered successful or unsuccessful in reducing the recurrence of infection...
January 10, 2017: Australian Journal of Primary Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056999/aboriginal-and-non-aboriginal-australian-former-prisoners-patterns-of-morbidity-and-risk-of-hospitalisation
#9
Jane E Lloyd, Elizabeth McEntyre, Eileen Baldry, Julian Trofimovos, Devon Indig, Penelope Abbott, Jennifer Reath, Kathy Malera-Bandjalan, Mark F Harris
BACKGROUND: People who have been in custody are more likely to experience multiple, long standing health issues. They are at high risk of illness and injury post release and experience poor access to health services both of which contribute to high rates of recidivism. The study was conducted to examine Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal former prisoners' risk of hospitalisation and rehospitalisation in the five years post release from custody and identified the common reasons for hospitalisations...
January 5, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056974/an-evaluation-of-the-telehealth-facilitation-of-diabetes-and-cardiovascular-care-in-remote-australian-indigenous-communities-protocol-for-the-telehealth-eye-and-associated-medical-services-network-teamsnet-project-a-pre-post-study-design
#10
Laima Brazionis, Alicia Jenkins, Anthony Keech, Chris Ryan, Sven-Erik Bursell
BACKGROUND: Despite substantial investment in detection, early intervention and evidence-based treatments, current management strategies for diabetes-associated retinopathy and cardiovascular disease are largely based on real-time and face-to-face approaches. There are limited data re telehealth facilitation in type 2 diabetes management. Therefore, we aim to investigate efficacy of telehealth facilitation of diabetes and cardiovascular disease care in high-risk vulnerable Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders in remote/very remote Australia...
January 5, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054417/aboriginal-prisoners-and-cognitive-impairment-the-impact-of-dual-disadvantage-on-social-and-emotional-wellbeing
#11
S M Shepherd, J R P Ogloff, D Shea, J E Pfeifer, Y Paradies
BACKGROUND: Negligible information is available regarding the Social and Emotional Wellbeing (SEWB) needs of Aboriginal Australian individuals in custody with cognitive impairment. This is problematic given that Aboriginal people with cognitive impairment often experience dual disadvantage in the context of the justice system. This study sought to ascertain the relationship between cognitive impairment and mental health/cultural needs (SEWB) Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in custody...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026705/a-screening-mechanism-to-recognize-and-support-at-risk-aboriginal-children
#12
Nancy L Young, Diane Jacko, Mary Jo Wabano, Lauren Hawthorne, Sarah Seabrook, Sheri Wabanosse, Koyo Usuba
OBJECTIVES: The Aboriginal Children's Health and Well-Being Measure© (ACHWM) was developed to assess health from the perspectives of Aboriginal children. The purpose of this paper is to document the screening process, embedded within the ACHWM, and assess its effectiveness. METHODS: The ACHWM was implemented in 2014/2015 with children 8 to 18 years of age living on the Wiikwemkoong Unceded Territory. Survey responses were screened to identify potential risk, using an automated algorithm run on computer tablets...
December 27, 2016: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018790/reliability-of-the-aboriginal-children-s-health-and-well-being-measure-achwm
#13
Nancy L Young, Mary Jo Wabano, Koyo Usuba, Debbie Mishibinijima, Diane Jacko, Tricia A Burke
PURPOSE: The aim of this research was to evaluate the reliability of the Aboriginal Children's Health and Well-Being Measure© (ACHWM). METHODS: Two cohorts of children from Wiikwemkoong Unceded Territory were recruited for this study. Each child completed the ACHWM independently on a computer tablet running a customized survey app. The data from the first and second cohorts were used to estimate the internal consistencies using Cronbach's alpha. A subgroup of the second cohort completed the survey twice, within the same day...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008684/-i-miss-my-family-it-s-been-a-while%C3%A2-a-qualitative-study-of-clinicians-who-live-and-work-in-rural-remote-australian-aboriginal-communities
#14
Michelle Irving, Stephanie Short, Kylie Gwynne, Marc Tennant, Anthony Blinkhorn
OBJECTIVES: Dental issues are more prevalent for Aboriginal Australians, especially those living in rural/remote locations, but distribution of clinicians is favoured towards metropolitan areas and are not always culturally competent. This study aimed to document the experiences of dental clinicians who relocated to rural/remote communities to provide dental services to Aboriginal communities in an effort to redress these gaps. SETTING: Clinicians working in a new rural/remote dental service strategy to Aboriginal communities in Northern NSW...
December 23, 2016: Australian Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008634/a-comparison-of-two-models-of-dental-care-for-aboriginal-communities-in-new-south-wales
#15
Kylie Gwynne, Debbie McCowen, Sally Cripps, Michelle Lincoln, Michelle Irving, Anthony Blinkhorn
BACKGROUND: Aboriginal people, and particularly those in rural areas, continue to suffer very high levels of dental disease despite significant reductions in the wider Australian population in the past 30 years. Until recently, there has been a shortage of oral health clinicians and the majority have provided care in major cities. The NSW Government funded various models of care for rural and regional areas and vulnerable population groups including Aboriginal people. This study utilises a comparative retrospective analysis to compare two models of oral health care for Aboriginal people including those living in rural NSW to inform future policy decisions...
December 23, 2016: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997996/oral-health-interventions-in-australian-aboriginal-communities-a-review-of-the-literature
#16
REVIEW
J Patel, A Durey, L Hearn, L M Slack-Smith
BACKGROUND: Aboriginal Australians experience significant disparities in oral health with even poorer outcomes reported in rural and remote areas. The high rates of preventable dental disease in Aboriginal communities are a serious concern from a social standpoint and in terms of service provision and healthcare expenditure. METHODS: Primary research literature was comprehensively reviewed. Papers were selected if they reported designing or implementing an intervention or oral health program specific to the needs of Aboriginal communities...
December 20, 2016: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997941/continuing-to-lift-the-burden-using-a-continuous-quality-improvement-approach-to-advance-aboriginal-tobacco-resistance-and-control
#17
Alvin Lee, Kerri Lucas, Megan A Campbell, Jasmine Sarin
Smoking remains the most preventable cause of early mortality and ill health in Aboriginal people. The Aboriginal Health & Medical Research Council of New South Wales has developed the Aboriginal Tobacco Resistance and Control (ATRAC) Yarning Tool with a range of key stakeholders, to contribute to reducing the prevalence of smoking in Aboriginal communities. The Yarning Tool was adapted from the ATRAC Framework and aims to promote the meaningful discussion, planning and strengthening of tobacco resistance and control activities using a continuous quality improvement (CQI) approach...
December 14, 2016: Public Health Research & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997938/fall-prevention-services-for-older-aboriginal-people-investigating-availability-and-acceptability
#18
Caroline Lukaszyk, Julieann Coombes, Lisa Keay, Catherine Sherrington, Anne Tiedemann, Tony Broe, Lorraine Lovitt, Rebecca Ivers
BACKGROUND: Falls and fall-related injury are emerging issues for older Aboriginal people. Despite this, it is unknown whether older Aboriginal people access available fall prevention programs, or whether these programs are effective or acceptable to this population. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the use of available fall prevention services by older Aboriginal people and identify features that are likely to contribute to program acceptability for Aboriginal communities in New South Wales (NSW), Australia...
December 14, 2016: Public Health Research & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997937/describing-meningococcal-disease-understanding-perceptions-and-feelings-of-people-in-a-regional-area-of-nsw-australia
#19
Julie Kohlhagen, Peter D Massey, Kylie A Taylor, Maggi Osbourn, Myfanwy Maple
OBJECTIVES: To explore understanding, perceptions and feelings about meningococcal disease in members of higher risk groups. To explore what people say are the most important health messages and communication preferences about invasive meningococcal disease (IMD). METHODS: Three focus groups and two semistructured interviews were conducted with people at higher risk of IMD in Hunter New England Local Health District in New South Wales. RESULTS: Participants generally had a low understanding of IMD, but described intense feelings about the disease and empathy for those who had experienced the disease...
December 14, 2016: Public Health Research & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986504/the-consequences-of-chronic-cannabis-smoking-in-vulnerable-adolescents
#20
REVIEW
Montaha Al Iede, Kenneth Nunn, Bronwyn Milne, Dominic A Fitzgerald
Cannabis, like the mythic shape-shifter, presents in various guises, morphing with the perspective and context of the observer. Arguments about cannabis are confused by a myriad of debates-medical, social, ethical and political-as if a single conceptual umbrella can capture the variety and granularity of marijuana-related issues. This paper responds to marijuana use as it is commonly practised by youth in Australia. It has little to say about synthetic cannabinoids, specific medicinal cannabinoids, or medicinal properties of marijuana...
November 9, 2016: Paediatric Respiratory Reviews
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