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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426367/child-and-adolescent-emergency-and-urgent-mental-health-delivery-through-telepsychiatry-12-month-prospective-study
#1
Nasreen Roberts, Tina Hu, Nicholas Axas, Leanne Repetti
BACKGROUND: The significant gap between children and adolescents presenting for emergency mental healthcare and the shortage of child and adolescent psychiatrists constitutes a major barrier to timely access for psychiatric assessment for rural and remote areas. Unlike remote areas, urban emergency departments have in-house psychiatric consultation. Telepsychiatry may be a solution to ensure the same service for remote areas. However, there is a paucity of studies on the use of telepsychiatry for child and adolescent emergency consults...
April 20, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424142/advance-care-planning-culture-and-religion-an-environmental-scan-of-australian-based-online-resources
#2
Amanda Pereira-Salgado, Patrick Mader, Leanne M Boyd
Objectives Culture and religion are important in advance care planning (ACP), yet it is not well understood how this is represented in ACP online resources. The aim of the present study was to identify the availability of Australian-based ACP websites and online informational booklets containing cultural and religious information.Methods An environmental scanning framework was used with a Google search conducted from 30 June 2015 to 5 July 2015. Eligible Australian-based ACP websites and online informational booklets were reviewed by two analysts (APS & PM) for information pertaining to at least one culture or religion...
April 20, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419735/hospital-use-in-aboriginal-and-non-aboriginal-patients-with-chronic-disease
#3
David Whyatt, Matthew Yap, Raji Tenneti, Glenn Pearson, Alistair Vickery
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to compare rates of hospital utilisation in Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal peoples before and after hospital admission for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, heart failure and/or type 2 diabetes mellitus. METHODS: This was a longitudinal cohort study from 2002 to 2014, which was conducted in all hospitals in Western Australia. The participants of this study were Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal patients with a principal diagnosis of heart failure, type 2 diabetes or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, on admission to hospital, where such an event had not occurred in the previous 3 years...
April 16, 2017: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403914/are-primary-healthcare-services-culturally-appropriate-for-aboriginal-people-findings-from-a-remote-community
#4
Kaye Smith, Yaqoot Fatima, Sabina Knight
This study explored the views of key stakeholders on cultural appropriateness of primary health care (PHC) services for Aboriginal people. A total of 78 participants, including healthcare providers, administrative team members (n=24, ~30% of study sample) and Aboriginal community members (n=54, ~70% of study sample) living in remote North West Queensland participated in the study. Outcome measures were assessed by administering survey questionnaires comprising qualitative questions and various subscales (e...
April 13, 2017: Australian Journal of Primary Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403464/supporting-aboriginal-women-to-quit-smoking-antenatal-and-postnatal-care-providers-confidence-attitudes-and-practices
#5
Flora Tzelepis, Justine Daly, Sarah Dowe, Alex Bourke, Karen Gillham, Megan Freund
Introduction: Tobacco use during pregnancy is substantially higher among Aboriginal women compared to non-Aboriginal women in Australia. However, no studies have investigated the amount or type of smoking cessation care that staff from Aboriginal antenatal and postnatal services provide to clients who smoke or staff confidence to do so. This study examined Aboriginal antenatal and postnatal staff confidence, perceived role and delivery of smoking cessation care to Aboriginal women and characteristics associated with provision of such care...
May 1, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397253/are-women-s-needs-being-met-by-specialist-health-services-managing-urinary-incontinence-in-the-remote-top-end-nt
#6
Alexandra Bonner, Jacqueline Boyle
BACKGROUND: Urinary incontinence (UI) is likely to be high in Aboriginal women in rural Australia due to risk factors including high body mass index, parity and diabetes. However, UI appears to be under-reported with limited information on whether women access appropriate care. AIMS: To assess whether women who access specialist gynaecological services in rural and remote Top End Northern Territory (NT) through the specialist outreach program (SONT) are receiving care for UI aligned with best practice...
April 10, 2017: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395694/dimensionality-of-the-ptsd-checklist-in-a-canadian-aboriginal-sample
#7
Melissa A MacLeod, Julie George, Paul F Tremblay, Tara Elton-Marshall, David DeWit, Kathryn Graham, Samantha Wells
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The PTSD Checklist-Civilian Version (PCL-C) is a widely used screening instrument measuring posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, to our knowledge, the factor structure of the PCL-C has not been examined in an Aboriginal population. Considerable research indicates that PTSD symptoms are characterized by 4 factors, with both the "King model" and the "Simms model" supported by the literature. METHODS: Using confirmatory factor analysis on the PCL-C, we examined whether these models and the overall scale were supported in an Aboriginal community sample (N = 273)...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Nursing Measurement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393536/suicidal-behaviour-in-indigenous-compared-to-non-indigenous-males-in-urban-and-regional-australia-prevalence-data-suggest-disparities-increase-across-age-groups
#8
Gregory Armstrong, Jane Pirkis, Kerry Arabena, Dianne Currier, Matthew J Spittal, Anthony F Jorm
OBJECTIVES: We compare the prevalence of suicidal thoughts and attempts between Indigenous and non-Indigenous males in urban and regional Australia, and examine the extent to which any disparity between Indigenous and non-Indigenous males varies across age groups. METHODS: We used data from the baseline wave of The Australian Longitudinal Study on Male Health (Ten to Men), a large-scale cohort study of Australian males aged 10-55 years residing in urban and regional areas...
April 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384435/birthing-on-country-in-our-community-a-case-study-of-engaging-stakeholders-and-developing-a-best-practice-indigenous-maternity-service-in-an-urban-setting
#9
Sue Kildea, Sophie Hickey, Carmel Nelson, Jody Currie, Adrian Carson, Maree Reynolds, Kay Wilson, Sue Kruske, Megan Passey, Yvette Roe, Roianne West, Anton Clifford, Machellee Kosiak, Shannon Watego, Sally Tracy
Developing high-quality and culturally responsive maternal and infant health services is a critical part of 'closing the gap' in health disparities between Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people and other Australians. The National Maternity Services Plan led work that describes and recommends Birthing on Country best-practice maternity care adaptable from urban to very remote settings, yet few examples exist in Australia. This paper demonstrates Birthing on Country principles can be applied in the urban setting, presenting our experience establishing and developing a Birthing on Country partnership service model in Brisbane, Australia...
April 7, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376882/upper-airway-viruses-and-bacteria-in-urban-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-children-in-brisbane-australia-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Kerry-Ann F O'Grady, Kerry K Hall, Theo P Sloots, Jennie Anderson, Anne B Chang
BACKGROUND: Respiratory morbidity in Australian Indigenous children is higher than their non-Indigenous counterparts, irrespective of urban or remote residence. There are limited studies addressing acute respiratory illness (ARI) in urban Indigenous children, particularly those that address the upper airway microbiome and its relationship to disease. We aimed to describe the prevalence of upper airway viruses and bacteria in symptomatic and asymptomatic urban-based Australian Indigenous children aged less than 5 years...
April 4, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376629/relevance-of-the-aboriginal-children-s-health-and-well-being-measure-beyond-wiikwemkoong
#11
Nancy L Young, Mary Jo Wabano, Shannon Blight, Karen Baker-Anderson, Roger Beaudin, Leslie F McGregor, Lorrilee E McGregor, Tricia A Burke
INTRODUCTION: Aboriginal children in Canada experience significant disparities in health in comparison to their mainstream peers. As Aboriginal communities and agencies strive to improve health, it is important to measure the impact of new programs and services. Since many Aboriginal children live in rural and remote communities, it is important that communities have access to measurement tools that are relevant and feasible to implement in these contexts.<b> </b>The Aboriginal Children's Health and Well-being Measure (ACHWM) was developed to meet the need for a culturally relevant measure of health and wellbeing for Aboriginal children (ages 8-18 years) in Canada...
April 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376579/how-can-gps-drive-software-changes-to-improve-healthcare-for-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islanders-peoples
#12
Helen Kehoe
BACKGROUND: Changes to the software used in general practice could improve the collection of the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander status of all patients, and boost access to healthcare measures specifically for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples provided directly or indirectly by general practitioners (GPs). OBJECTIVE: Despite longstanding calls for improvements to general practice software to better support Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health, little change has been made...
2017: Australian Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370899/traditional-food-availability-and-consumption-in-remote-aboriginal-communities-in-the-northern-territory-australia
#13
Megan Ferguson, Clare Brown, Claire Georga, Edward Miles, Alyce Wilson, Julie Brimblecombe
OBJECTIVE: To explore availability, variety and frequency consumption of traditional foods and their role in alleviating food insecurity in remote Aboriginal Australia. METHODS: Availability was assessed through repeated semi-structured interviews and consumption via a survey. Quantitative data were described and qualitative data classified. RESULTS: Aboriginal and non-Indigenous key informants (n=30 in 2013; n=19 in 2014) from 20 Northern Territory (NT) communities participated in interviews...
March 28, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365239/breastfeeding-initiation-for-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-women-in-victoria-analysis-of-routinely-collected-population-based-data
#14
Helen L McLachlan, Touran Shafiei, Della A Forster
BACKGROUND: Increasing breastfeeding rates is one way of improving the short and long term health of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children (hereafter referred to as Aboriginal). Despite the benefits of breastfeeding and recommendations for strategies to increase breastfeeding among Aboriginal people, there is a lack of available population data. AIM: To use population-based data from Victoria, Australia to compare breastfeeding initiation for Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal women and to explore factors associated with breastfeeding initiation of Aboriginal women...
March 29, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359352/collective-and-negotiated-design-for-a-clinical-trial-addressing-smoking-cessation-supports-for-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-mothers-in-nsw-sa-and-qld-developing-a-pilot-study
#15
Michelle Bovill, Yael Bar-Zeev, Maree Gruppetta, Peter O'Mara, Brett Cowling, Gillian S Gould
Tobacco smoking leads to one in five deaths of Aboriginal Australians and accounts for 17% of the reversible health gap. One in two Aboriginal women are reported to smoke during pregnancy, with no effective strategies currently available for health practitioners to utilise for supporting Aboriginal women. Aboriginal community participation in primary health research is crucial to implementing ethical research, with a clear benefit to the people and communities involved. However, currently there is little evidence on how Aboriginal programs and interventions are being developed in partnership with Aboriginal people and communities...
March 31, 2017: Australian Journal of Primary Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359332/the-quality-of-health-services-provided-to-remote-dwelling-aboriginal-infants-in-the-top-end-of-northern-australia-following-health-system-changes-a-qualitative-analysis
#16
Cathryn M Josif, Sue Kruske, Sue V Kildea, Lesley M Barclay
BACKGROUND: In Australia the health outcomes of remote dwelling Aboriginal infants are comparable to infants in developing countries. This research investigates service quality, from the clinicians' perspective and as observed and recorded by the researcher, in two large Aboriginal communities in the Top End of northern Australia following health system changes. METHODS: Data were collected from semi-structured interviews with 25 clinicians providing or managing child health services in the two study sites...
March 31, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353402/everyday-ethics-of-participation-a-case-study-of-a-cbpr-in-nunavik
#17
Sarah Fraser, Georgia Vrakas, Arlene Laliberté, Raymond Mickpegak
INTRODUCTION: Multiple reports highlight the need for community-based family-oriented prevention services for Aboriginal peoples in order to address important health and social inequalities. Participatory, empowerment-based approaches are generally favoured for these means. Faced with important social issues, in a context of colonisation and complex power dynamics, we question how community members experience participation, as well as the everyday dynamics that take place when attempting to create community-level change...
March 1, 2017: Global Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342271/more-bark-than-bite-comparative-studies-are-needed-to-determine-the-importance-of-canine-zoonoses-in-aboriginal-communities-a-critical-review-of-published-research
#18
REVIEW
F Smout, L Schrieber, R Speare, L F Skerratt
The objective of this review was to identify and critique over forty years of peer-reviewed literature concerned with the transmission of canine zoonoses to Aboriginal people and determine the zoonotic organisms documented in dogs in Australian Aboriginal communities. A systematic literature search of public health, medical and veterinary databases identified 19 articles suitable for critical appraisal. Thirteen articles documented the occurrence of recognized zoonotic organisms in dogs in Aboriginal communities, including Toxocara canis, Dirofilaria immitis, Streptococcus dysgalactiae, Rickettsia felis, Sarcoptes scabiei and Giardia...
March 25, 2017: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337843/exploring-the-role-of-the-dental-hygienist-in-reducing-oral-health-disparities-in-canada-a-qualitative-study
#19
J Farmer, S Peressini, H P Lawrence
OBJECTIVES: Reducing oral health disparities has been an ongoing challenge in Canada with the largest burden of oral disease exhibited in vulnerable populations, including Aboriginal people, the elderly, rural and remote residents, and newcomers. Dental hygienists are a unique set of professionals who work with and within communities, who have the potential to act as key change agents for improving the oral health of these populations. The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore, from the dental hygiene perspective, the role of dental hygienists in reducing oral health disparities in Canada...
March 24, 2017: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333567/aboriginal-cultural-competency-in-dietetics-a-national-survey-of-canadian-registered-dietitians
#20
Paige Huycke, Jillian Ingribelli, Lee Rysdale
Little has been published on cultural competency curriculum and dietetics considering the impact of food-related beliefs and behaviours on health. A 14-item online survey was administered in January 2016 to 145 participants (125 members of Dietitians of Canada Aboriginal Nutrition Network and 20 dietitians with an interest in Aboriginal nutrition). Questions included multiple choice and ranking responses and were pretested by 4 preceptors with the Northern Ontario Dietetic Internship Program (NODIP). Quantitative data analysis included frequencies, pivot tables, and averaging/grouping of ranking scores...
March 23, 2017: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
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