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Shoulder bursitis

Michele N Edison, Anthony Caram, Miguel Flores, Kurt Scherer
Most commonly associated with chronic inflammatory conditions, rice bodies represent an uncommon, nonspecific, often intra-articular inflammatory process. Presumably, rice bodies represent the sequelae of microvascular infarcts of the joint synovium. However, rice bodies have been seen in pleural fluid, in the setting of bursitis, and within the tendon sheath. The etiology and prognostic significance of rice bodies are not clear. MRI is the diagnostic imaging modality of choice for the evaluation of rice body formation...
2016: Curēus
A E Sahin, Y Cayir, A Imerci, H Uzkeser, F Akcay
Heel spur is also known as a result of plantar calcaneal bone spur which is a common complaint associated with pain at heel. Heel spur is more common in females. Anti-inflammatory drugs, local steroid injections, physical therapy, low-dose radiotherapy and shock wave therapy are the commonly used treatment choices. There is no evidence that acupuncture is an effective method for heel spur in the literature. However, we know that acupuncture can be used for many orthopaedic diseases like frozen shoulder, tennis elbow, sciatic pain, joint sprains, several forms of bursitis and arthritis...
November 11, 2015: West Indian Medical Journal
Byung-Chun You, Won-Jae Lee, Seung-Hwa Lee, Sol Jang, Hyun-Seok Lee
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the shoulder disease patterns for the table-tennis (TT) and archery (AR) wheelchair athletes via ultrasonographic evaluations. METHODS: A total of 35 wheelchair athletes were enrolled, made up of groups of TT (n=19) and AR (n=16) athletes. They were all paraplegic patients and were investigated for their wheelchair usage duration, careers as sports players, weekly training times, the Wheelchair User's Shoulder Pain Index (WUSPI) scores and ultrasonographic evaluation...
August 2016: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
Frank Verhoeven, Xavier Guillot, Mickaël Chouk, Clément Prati, Daniel Wendling
Introduction. Polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) is one of the most common inflammatory rheumatism types in elderly population. The link between cancer and PMR is a matter of debate. Methods. We report two cases of PMR leading to the diagnosis of lymphoma and the growing interest of PET-TDM in this indication. Results. A 84-year-old man known for idiopathic neutropenia presented an inflammatory arthromyalgia of the limb girdle since one month. Blood exams highlighted the presence of a monoclonal B cell clone. Bone marrow concluded to a B cell lymphoma of the marginal zone...
2016: Case Reports in Rheumatology
Angela Cadogan, Khalid D Mohammed
BACKGROUND AND CONTEXT Frozen shoulder is a painful condition that follows a protracted clinical course. We aim to review the management of patients with a diagnosis of frozen shoulder who are referred for specialist orthopaedic evaluation against existing guidelines in primary care. ASSESSMENT OF PROBLEM Referrals and clinical records were reviewed for all patients referred for orthopaedic specialist assessment who received a specialist diagnosis of frozen shoulder. Diagnostic, investigation and management practices from a regional primary health care setting in New Zealand were compared with guideline-recommended management...
March 2016: Journal of Primary Health Care
Hussan Mohammed, Matthew R Skalski, Dakshesh B Patel, Anderanik Tomasian, Aaron J Schein, Eric A White, George F Rick Hatch, George R Matcuk
The coracoid process is a hook-shaped bone structure projecting anterolaterally from the superior aspect of the scapular neck. Surgeons often refer to the coracoid process as the "lighthouse of the shoulder" given its proximity to major neurovascular structures such as the brachial plexus and the axillary artery and vein, its role in guiding surgical approaches, and its utility as a landmark for other important structures in the shoulder. The coracoid also serves as a critical anchor for many tendinous and ligamentous attachments...
July 29, 2016: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
Benny Storheil, Elise Klouman, Stian Holmvik, Nina Emaus, Nils Fleten
OBJECTIVE: Shoulder complaints are frequently encountered in general practice, but precise diagnosing is challenging. This study investigated agreement of shoulder complaints diagnoses between clinicians in a primary health care setting. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Four primary health care clinicians used patients' history and functional examination of the shoulder by selective tissue tension techniques (STTs), to diagnose shoulder complaints...
September 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care
U Dorn, F Landauer, T Hofstaedter
Gluteal tendinopathy as well as partial and full-thickness tears of gluteal tendons (gluteus minimus and/or medius tendon) were underestimated as a cause of chronic pain in the past, and treatment was most commonly based on the diagnosis of trochanteric bursitis. Tendinous pathologies can either stay asymptomatic or cause pain and muscular dysfunction, not necessarily being associated with osteoarthritis of the hip 1. As the terminus "rotator cuff tear of the hip" was published in 1997 2, its aetiopathogenesis was reconsidered, resulting in improvements in diagnosis and treatment...
June 2016: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
Frank Buttgereit, Christian Dejaco, Eric L Matteson, Bhaskar Dasgupta
IMPORTANCE: Polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) and giant cell arteritis (GCA) are related inflammatory disorders occurring in persons aged 50 years and older. Diagnostic and therapeutic approaches are heterogeneous in clinical practice. OBJECTIVE: To summarize current evidence regarding optimal methods for diagnosing and treating PMR and GCA. EVIDENCE REVIEW: MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane databases were searched from their inception dates to March 30, 2016...
June 14, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
Mark L Wang, Andrew J Miller, Brooke L Ballard, Michael J Botte
Snapping scapula syndrome is a rare condition caused by the disruption of the gliding articulation between the anterior scapula and the posterior chest wall. The etiology of snapping scapula syndrome is multifactorial, and contributing factors include scapular dyskinesis, bursitis from repetitive use or trauma, and periscapular lesions. Although the majority of cases are initially treated with nonoperative modalities, recalcitrant snapping scapula syndrome can warrant surgical management. This report describes a 34-year-old amateur weight lifter with a 1-year history of increasing pain and fullness over his posterior shoulder region...
July 1, 2016: Orthopedics
Emmanuel Bassily, M Cody O'Dell, Brad Homan, Christopher Wasyliw
A 50-year-old woman with a chronic polyarthropathy was seen by her orthopedist for long-standing back and shoulder and worsening hip pain. A lateral labral tear and chronic trochanteric bursitis were diagnosed on hip magnetic resonance imaging, which was otherwise unremarkable. Hip arthroscopy was performed revealing an unusual bluish-tinged femoral head articular surface. Computed tomography scans of the spine were also obtained.
July 1, 2016: Orthopedics
Maxime Sondag, Xavier Guillot, Frank Verhoeven, Oleg Blagosklonov, Clément Prati, Hatem Boulahdour, Daniel Wendling
OBJECTIVES: To compare (18)F-fluoro-dexoxyglucose PET/CT (FDG-PET/CT) findings in patients with polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) and controls without rheumatologic disease. METHODS: We retrospectively included 50 patients with a diagnosis of PMR as well as 53 patients with a neoplasm as a control group. All patients underwent FDG-PET/CT. Seventeen hotspots were analysed. We performed a semi-quantitative analysis of FDG uptake (4-point score from 0 to 3). The cut-offs for the number of sites with high activity and for FDG uptake score were assessed using receiver operating characteristics curves and odds ratios (ORs)...
August 2016: Rheumatology
Bart W Oudelaar, Relinde Schepers-Bok, Edwin M Ooms, Rianne Huis In 't Veld, Anne J H Vochteloo
BACKGROUND: Although needle aspiration of calcific deposits (NACD) has proven to be an effective treatment for calcific tendinitis of the rotator cuff (CTRC) in patients who are resistant to conservative treatment, little is known about the effectiveness of NACD in terms of complete relief of symptoms and the effectiveness of repeated NACD procedures. Furthermore, analyses of complications of the procedure in large series are scarce. METHODS: 431 consecutive patients with symptomatic CTRC treated by NACD were included in this retrospective cohort study...
April 2016: European Journal of Radiology
Chen-Yu Hung, Ke-Vin Chang, Levent Özçakar, Tyng-Guey Wang, Wen-Shiang Chen
OBJECTIVE: The purposes of this study were to determine the best cutoff value for bicipital peritendinous effusion (BPE) and to test its diagnostic performance as regards shoulders with and without rotator cuff pathology. DESIGN: We reviewed the sonographic reports of 1352 patients with suspected shoulder disorders between January 2011 and June 2012. The associations between BPE and rotator cuff abnormalities were explored by logistic regression and adjusted for age, sex, affected side, and clinical diagnosis of frozen shoulder...
March 2016: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
G Soker, E D Bozkirli, E Soker, B Gulek, M Arslan, D Memis, C Yilmaz
PURPOSE: The goal of this prospective study was to determine the prevalence of shoulder abnormalities on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) who have normal shoulder X-ray examinations and no clinical shoulder abnormalities using a case-control study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-three patients with AS according to the SpondyloArthritis international Society (ASAS) criteria were enrolled in the study. Fifty-three patients with no AS served as control subjects...
April 2016: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging
Tao Wu, Hai Xin Song, Yan Dong, Jian Hua Li
OBJECTIVE: This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to assess the effectiveness of ultrasound-guided (USG) versus blind (landmark-guided, LMG) corticosteroid subacromial-subdeltoid bursa injection in adults with shoulder pain. METHODS: The searches were performed on PubMed, Ovid MEDLINE, Ovid EMBASE, Ovid CochraneCENTRAL, Web of Science, Google Scholar, and Scopus from database inception through March 27, 2015. Studies were included trials comparing USG versus LSG injections for the treatment of adults with subacromial-subdeltoid bursitis...
December 2015: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
J H Salmon, M Geoffroy, J P Eschard, X Ohl
Revaxis(®) is a vaccine against diphtheria, tetanus and poliomyelitis (dT-IPV). This vaccine should not be administered by the intradermal or intravenous route. Poor injection techniques and related consequences are rare. We report a case of bursitis associated with reactive glenohumeral effusion complicated by bone erosion occurring after injection of the dT-IPV vaccine. A 26 year old patient was admitted for painful left shoulder causing functional impairment. Control magnetic resonance imaging showed bone oedema on the upper outer part of the humeral head, with a slight cortical irregularity, indicating that the vaccine was injected in contact with the bone at this location, causing erosion...
November 17, 2015: Vaccine
Robert Kiningham, Aaron Monseau
Wrestling is a popular high school and college sport with an injury and illness rate second only to football. It is important that the physician providing medical care for wrestlers be familiar with the unique characteristics of wrestling and the associated common injuries and medical problems. Common orthopedic injuries include shoulder, elbow, and finger dislocation; prepatellar bursitis; knee medial collateral ligament sprains; and cervical strains. Skin infections are the most common cause of missed mat time for wrestlers...
September 2015: Current Sports Medicine Reports
Jonathan Wright, Donald Osarumwense, Fikry Ismail, Yvonne Umebuani, Samuel Orakwe
PURPOSE: To report outcomes of 21 men who underwent stabilisation for the disrupted acromioclavicular joint (ACJ) using a braided polyester prosthetic ligament. METHODS: 21 men aged 23 to 76 (mean, 43) years underwent stabilisation for the disrupted ACJ of Rockwood type 3 (n=12), type 4 (n=1), and type 5 (n=8) using a braided polyester prosthetic ligament. RESULTS: The mean time from injury to surgery was 6.8 (range, 0-19) months. The mean follow-up duration was 30 (range, 7-67) months...
August 2015: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
Carmelo Messina, Giuseppe Banfi, Davide Orlandi, Francesca Lacelli, Giovanni Serafini, Giovanni Mauri, Francesco Secchi, Enzo Silvestri, Luca Maria Sconfienza
Ultrasound is an established modality for shoulder evaluation, being accurate, low cost and radiation free. Different pathological conditions can be diagnosed using ultrasound and can be treated using ultrasound guidance, such as degenerative, traumatic or inflammatory diseases. Subacromial-subdeltoid bursitis is the most common finding on ultrasound evaluation for painful shoulder. Therapeutic injections of corticosteroids are helpful to reduce inflammation and pain. Calcific tendinopathy of rotator cuff affects up to 20% of painful shoulders...
2016: British Journal of Radiology
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