keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Tic disorders

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546883/how-much-do-we-know-about-adult-onset-primary-tics-prevalence-epidemiology-and-clinical-features
#1
REVIEW
Daphne Robakis
BACKGROUND: Tic disorders are generally considered to be of pediatric onset; however, reports of adult-onset tics exist in the literature. Tics can be categorized as either primary or secondary, with the latter being the larger group in adults. Primary or idiopathic tics that arise in adulthood make up a subset of tic disorders whose epidemiologic and clinical features have not been well delineated. METHODS: Articles to be included in this review were identified by searching PubMed, SCOPUS, and Web of Science using the terms adult- and late-onset tics, which resulted in 120 unique articles...
2017: Tremor and Other Hyperkinetic Movements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539852/abnormal-brain-connectivity-spectrum-disorders-following-thimerosal-administration-a-prospective-longitudinal-case-control-assessment-of-medical-records-in-the-vaccine-safety-datalink
#2
David A Geier, Janet K Kern, Kristin G Homme, Mark R Geier
BACKGROUND: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD), tic disorder (TD), and hyperkinetic syndrome of childhood (attention deficit disorder [ADD]/attention deficit hyperactivity disorder [ADHD]) are disorders recently defined as abnormal connectivity spectrum disorders (ACSDs) because they show a similar pattern of abnormal brain connectivity. This study examines whether these disorders are associated with exposure to thimerosal, a mercury (Hg)-based preservative. METHODS: A hypothesis testing case-control study evaluated the Vaccine Safety Datalink for the potential dose-dependent odds ratios (ORs) for diagnoses of ASD, TD, and ADD/ADHD compared to controls, following exposure to Hg from thimerosal-containing Haemophilus influenzae type b vaccines administrated within the first 15 months of life...
January 2017: Dose-response: a Publication of International Hormesis Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538981/association-of-streptococcal-throat-infection-with-mental-disorders-testing-key-aspects-of-the-pandas-hypothesis-in-a-nationwide-study
#3
Sonja Orlovska, Claus Høstrup Vestergaard, Bodil Hammer Bech, Merete Nordentoft, Mogens Vestergaard, Michael Eriksen Benros
Importance: Streptococcal infection has been linked with the development of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and tic disorders, a concept termed pediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorders associated with streptococcal infection (PANDAS). However, previous studies of this association have been small, and the results have been conflicting. Objective: To investigate the risk of mental disorders, specifically OCD and tic disorders, after a streptococcal throat infection...
May 24, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521251/the-protective-effect-of-character-maturity-in-child-aggressive-antisocial-behavior
#4
Nóra Kerekes, Örjan Falk, Sven Brändström, Henrik Anckarsäter, Maria Råstam, Björn Hofvander
BACKGROUND: Childhood aggressive antisocial behavior (CD) is one of the strongest predictors of mental health problems and criminal behavior in adulthood. The aims of this study were to describe personality profiles in children with CD, and to determine the strength of association between defined neurodevelopmental symptoms, dimensions of character maturity and CD. METHODS: A sample of 1886 children with a close to equal distribution of age (9 or 12) and gender, enriched for neurodevelopmental and psychiatric problems were selected from the nationwide Child and Adolescent Twin Study in Sweden...
April 29, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502600/the-puzzling-question-of-inhibitory-control-in-tourette-syndrome-a-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Simon Morand-Beaulieu, Stéphanie Grot, Jacob Lavoie, Julie B Leclerc, David Luck, Marc E Lavoie
Tourette syndrome (TS) is a neuropsychiatric disorder involving motor and phonic tics. Inhibitory control is a key issue in TS, and many disruptive or impulsive behaviors might arise from inhibitory deficits. However, conflicting findings regarding TS patients' inhibitory performance in neuropsychological tasks have been reported throughout the literature. Therefore, this meta-analysis aimed to evaluate inhibitory control through neuropsychological tasks, and to analyze the factors modulating inhibitory deficits...
May 11, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495246/clonidine-adhesive-patch-for-the-treatment-of-tic-disorders-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Shuai Wang, Yan-Zhao Wei, Jianhong Yang, Yuming Zhou, Yi Zheng
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of clonidine adhesive patch for tic disorders (TDs). METHODS: Medline, Embase, Cochrane central register of controlled trials and Chinese databases of CBM, CNKI were searched from inception to 08.2016 for randomized controlled studies (RCTs), open-label control studies of clonidine adhesive patch versus other medications or/and placebo for TDs. The cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions was used to guide our study...
April 7, 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483714/purposeless-oral-activity-induced-by-meta-chlorophenylpiperazine-m-cpp-undefined-tic-like-behaviors
#7
Deborah S Kreiss, Philippe De Deurwaerdère
BACKGROUND: The pathophysiological hypothesis underlying tic disorders in Tourette syndrome (TS) is that basal ganglia are not capable of properly filtering cortical information, leading patients with difficulties in inhibiting unwanted behaviors or impulses. One of the main challenges for furthering such a hypothesis is to find appropriate animal models summarizing some aspects of the disease. METHODS: It has been established for more than 25 years in rodents that the prototypical serotonin (5-HT) agonist meta-chlorophenylpiperazine (m-CPP) elicits purposeless oral movements including chewing behavior...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472652/de-novo-coding-variants-are-strongly-associated-with-tourette-disorder
#8
A Jeremy Willsey, Thomas V Fernandez, Dongmei Yu, Robert A King, Andrea Dietrich, Jinchuan Xing, Stephan J Sanders, Jeffrey D Mandell, Alden Y Huang, Petra Richer, Louw Smith, Shan Dong, Kaitlin E Samocha, Benjamin M Neale, Giovanni Coppola, Carol A Mathews, Jay A Tischfield, Jeremiah M Scharf, Matthew W State, Gary A Heiman
Whole-exome sequencing (WES) and de novo variant detection have proven a powerful approach to gene discovery in complex neurodevelopmental disorders. We have completed WES of 325 Tourette disorder trios from the Tourette International Collaborative Genetics cohort and a replication sample of 186 trios from the Tourette Syndrome Association International Consortium on Genetics (511 total). We observe strong and consistent evidence for the contribution of de novo likely gene-disrupting (LGD) variants (rate ratio [RR] 2...
May 3, 2017: Neuron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470381/relationship-of-serum-ferritin-level-and-tic-severity-in-children-with-tourette-syndrome
#9
Debabrata Ghosh, Elizabeth Burkman
PURPOSE: Tics can be considered hyperkinetic movements akin to restless leg syndrome (RLS). Drawing the analogy of iron deficiency as an etiology of RLS, it is conceivable that iron deficiency may underlie or worsen tics in Tourette syndrome (TS). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between serum ferritin levels and tic severity, as well as consequent impact on life, in children with TS. METHODS: Children <18 years, diagnosed with TS during 2009-2015, were reviewed...
May 3, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468642/the-ciprus-study-a-nurse-led-psychological-treatment-for-patients-with-undifferentiated-somatoform-disorder-in-primary-care-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#10
Kate Sitnikova, Stephanie S Leone, Lyonne N L Zonneveld, Harm W J van Marwijk, Judith E Bosmans, Johannes C van der Wouden, Henriëtte E van der Horst
BACKGROUND: Up to a third of patients presenting medically unexplained physical symptoms in primary care may have a somatoform disorder, of which undifferentiated somatoform disorder (USD) is the most common type. Psychological interventions can reduce symptoms associated with USD and improve functioning. Previous research has either been conducted in secondary care or interventions have been provided by general practitioners (GPs) or psychologists in primary care. As efficiency and cost-effectiveness are imperative in primary care, it is important to investigate whether nurse-led interventions are effective as well...
May 3, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451624/tics-in-the-pediatric-population-pragmatic-management
#11
REVIEW
Christos Ganos, Davide Martino, Tamara Pringsheim
BACKGROUND: Primary tic disorders, notably Tourette syndrome, are very common movement disorders in childhood. However, the management of such patients still poses great therapeutic challenges to medical professionals. METHODS: Based on a synthesis of the available guidelines published in Europe, Canada, and the United States, coupled with more recent therapeutic developments, the authors provide a pragmatic guide to aid clinicians in deciding when and how to treat patients who have primary tic disorders...
March 2017: Movement Disorders Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441584/the-efficacy-and-safety-of-aripiprazole-for-tic-disorders-in-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Shuai Wang, Yan-Zhao Wei, Jian-Hong Yang, Yu-Ming Zhou, Yu-Hang Cheng, Chao Yang, Yi Zheng
The aims are to evaluate the efficacy and safety of aripiprazole for tic disorders (TDs) in children and adolescents. We searched PubMed, Embase, PsychINFO, Cochrane database as well as Chinese databases of CNKI, VIP, CBM and Wanfang from the database inception to October 2016, and 17 full-text studies (N=1305) were included in our article. The meta-analysis of 10 studies (N=817) showed that there was no significant difference in the reduction of total YGTSS score between aripiprazole and other drugs, and meta-analysis of 7 studies (n=324) which used tic symptom control ≧30% as outcome measure showed that there was no significant difference between aripiprazole and other treatments...
April 6, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439753/abating-mercury-exposure-in-young-children-should-include-thimerosal-free-vaccines
#13
REVIEW
José G Dórea
Pediatric immunization is essential to prevent, control and eradicate children`s infectious diseases. Newborns and infants in less developed countries have a concentrated schedule of Thimerosal-containing vaccines (TCVs); pregnant mothers are also immunized with TCVs. Metabolic changes during early development are demonstrably an important risk factor for ethylmercury (EtHg) effects on neurodevelopment, while exposure to Thimerosal sensitizes susceptible individuals to life-long contact dermatitis. Concerns regarding toxicity of Hg have moved rich nations to withdraw it from medicines and, in particular, Thimerosal from pediatric vaccines; it has been more than 20 years since rich countries started using Thimerosal-free vaccines...
April 24, 2017: Neurochemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429606/parent-and-patient-perceptions-of-functional-impairment-due-to-tourette-syndrome-development-of-a-shortened-version-of-the-child-tourette-syndrome-impairment-scale
#14
Kara S Francis Barfell, Ryan R Snyder, Kelly M Isaacs-Cloes, Jordan F Garris, Alyssa R Roeckner, Paul S Horn, Michael D Guthrie, Steve W Wu, Donald L Gilbert
The Child Tourette Syndrome Impairment Scale (CTIM) rates 37 problems in school, social, and home domains separately for tics and for comorbid diagnoses. However, a shorter version would be easier to implement in busy clinics. Using published data from 85 children with Tourette syndrome, 92 controls, and parents, factor analysis was used to generate a "mini-CTIM" composed of 12 items applied to tic and comorbid diagnoses. Child- and parent-rated mini-CTIM scores were compared and correlated across raters and accounting for clinician-rated tic severity and presence of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413935/predictive-validity-of-the-k-sads-pl-2009-version-in-school-aged-and-adolescent-outpatients
#15
Håkan Jarbin, Markus Andersson, Maria Råstam, Tord Ivarsson
BACKGROUND: The schedule for affective disorders and schizophrenia for school-age children (K-SADS) is one of the most commonly used standardized diagnostic interviews in child and adolescent psychiatry. Validity studies are scarce, and limited to concurrent validity with other measures and clinical diagnoses. AIMS: To evaluate the K-SADS interview in an outpatient child and adolescent psychiatry (CAP) setting with a Longitudinal Expert All Data (LEAD) procedure...
May 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387621/deep-brain-stimulation-for-tourette-syndrome-a-single-center-series
#16
Richard S Dowd, Michael Pourfar, Alon Y Mogilner
OBJECTIVE Tourette syndrome (TS) is a complex neuropsychiatric disorder characterized by multiple motor and phonic tics. While pharmacological and behavioral therapy can be effective in most patients, a subset of patients remains refractory to treatment. Increasing clinical evidence from multiple centers suggests that deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the medial thalamus can be effective in many cases of refractory TS. METHODS The authors retrospectively reviewed outcomes in 13 patients with refractory TS who underwent medial thalamic DBS performed by their team over a 7-year period...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384832/obsessive-compulsive-disorder-advances-in-diagnosis-and-treatment
#17
Matthew E Hirschtritt, Michael H Bloch, Carol A Mathews
Importance: Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a neuropsychiatric disorder associated with significant impairment and a lifetime prevalence of 1% to 3%; however, it is often missed in primary care settings and frequently undertreated. Objective: To review the most current data regarding screening, diagnosis, and treatment options for OCD. Evidence Review: We searched PubMed, EMBASE, and PsycINFO to identify randomized controlled trials (RCTs), meta-analyses, and systematic reviews that addressed screening and diagnostic and treatment approaches for OCD among adults (≥18 years), published between January 1, 2011, and September 30, 2016...
April 4, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382107/tetrabenazine-in-treatment-of-hyperkinetic-movement-disorders-an-observational-study
#18
Rita Miguel, Marcelo D Mendonça, Raquel Barbosa, Filipa Ladeira, Tânia Lampreia, José Vale, Paulo Bugalho
BACKGROUND: Tetrabenazine (TBZ) is commonly used in hyperkinetic movement disorders. In this retrospective study, we aimed to assess the TBZ effectiveness and adverse events (AEs) in Huntington disease (HD), vascular chorea, tics, dystonia, tardive oromandibular (OM) dyskinesia and other tardive syndromes (TS). METHODS: Qualitative analysis of clinical response was used to estimate TBZ effectiveness. TBZ-associated AE frequency and subsequent discontinuation rate were used to estimate tolerability; the tolerability profile was measured through the TBZ minimal dose and exposure time required to elicit AEs...
February 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Neurological Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379724/parsing-the-phenotype-of-obsessive-compulsive-tic-disorder-octd-a-multidisciplinary-consensus
#19
Bernardo Dell'Osso, Donatella Marazziti, Umberto Albert, Stefano Pallanti, Orsola Gambini, Antonio Tundo, Carlotta Zanaboni, Domenico Servello, Renata Rizzo, Luciana Scalone, Beatrice Benatti, A Carlo Altamura, Mauro Porta
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) and Tic Disorder (TD) are highly disabling and often comorbid conditions. Of note, the DSM-5 acknowledged a new 'tic-related' specifier for OCD, which might be referred to as Obsessive-Compulsive Tic Disorder (OCTD), raising new interest toward a better clinical characterisation of affected patients. Available literature indicates that early onset, male gender, sensory phenomena and obsessions of symmetry, aggressiveness, hoarding, exactness and sounds as well as comorbidity with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) may be of more frequent observation in patients with OCTD...
February 24, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372940/clonidine-use-in-the-outpatient-management-of%C3%A2-severe-secondary-dystonia
#20
C Sayer, D E Lumsden, M Kaminska, J-P Lin
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety, efficacy and effective dosage of clonidine in the outpatient (OP) management of secondary dystonia. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of children and young people (CAYP) prescribed clonidine in an OP clinic between January 2011 and November 2013 for dystonia management. Of 224 children receiving clonidine, 149/224 did not have a movement disorder and 12/224 had no data leaving 63 movement disorder cases, 15/63 managed as in-patients, 15/48 suffered from tics leaving 33/63 for OP evaluation...
March 14, 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
keyword
keyword
23977
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"