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Dysphagia child

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022826/inflammatory-myofibroblastic-lung-tumor-with-dysphagia-in-a-4-year-old-child
#1
Vinitha V Nair, Kunal Krishna Singh, Joseph Thomas Kathayanat, Ratish Radhakrishnan, Akash Babu, Jayakumar Thanathu Krishnan Nair
Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumors of the lung are rare in adults but common among pediatric lung tumors. A 4-year-old girl was evaluated for respiratory symptoms, dysphagia, and weight loss. Radiology revealed a right hilar mass that persisted despite antibiotic treatment. On exploration, a hilar mass involving the pulmonary vasculature, diaphragm and gastroesophageal junction was found. Aggressive surgical excision including a right pneumonectomy was performed. Histopathology confirmed an inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor with no features of malignancy...
January 1, 2017: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965152/high-incidence-of-progressive-stenosis-in-aberrant-left-subclavian-artery-with-right-aortic-arch
#2
Mamoru Muraoka, Hazumu Nagata, Yuichiro Hirata, Kiyoshi Uike, Eiko Terashi, Eiji Morihana, Masayuki Ochiai, Yasuyuki Fujita, Kiyoko Kato, Kenichiro Yamamura, Shouichi Ohga
Right aortic arch with aberrant left subclavian artery (RAA/aLSCA) is a rare aortic arch anomaly. The clinical association of aLSCA stenosis with RAA/aLSCA has not yet been fully elucidated. The aim of this study was to investigate the diagnosis, incidence, management and outcome of aLSCA stenosis in infants with prenatally diagnosed RAA/aLSCA. Ten fetuses who were diagnosed as having RAA/aLSCA in Kyushu University Hospital between January 2011 and December 2014 were enrolled. The maternal and child medical records were reviewed to investigate sex, gestational age at the fetal diagnosis, gestational age and body weight at birth, the findings of computed tomography (CT), Doppler ultrasonography of the vertebral artery and angiography, and the complications and outcomes of aLSCA stenosis...
September 30, 2017: Heart and Vessels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834835/esophageal-stricture-in-a-child-with-habit-of-acidic-drinks
#3
Omer Erdur, Tamer Sekmenli, Ilhan Ciftci, Kayhan Ozturk
A 12-year-old boy with Down syndrome referred to the authors' department with dysphagia and growth retardation. Dysphagia was especially with solid foods and had a 12-month history. When he was 7, he had started to drink Coke and from that time he had a Coke drinking habit. Every day he was drinking more than 2 L Coke and was eating meals in small amounts. Investigations of the patient revealed esophageal stricture related to acidic drink habit and gastro-oesephageal reflux. The patient was treated with recurrent bouginage, antireflux medication, and nutrional support...
October 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761970/-feeding-eating-and-swallowing-disorders-in-infants-and-children-an-overview
#4
REVIEW
C Schwemmle, C Arens
Swallowing is a dynamic process that requires more than 30 muscles in the recruitment/coordination of the lips, tongue, palate, pharynx, larynx and esophagus. The eating and swallowing procedure is learned in sensitive or critical periods: when a certain degree of maturation has been achieved, the appropriate stimulus permits a certain milestone of development to occur. The swallowing procedure occurs in three main stages oral, pharyngeal, and esophageal. Therefore, swallowing disorders may present in any, some, or all of these stages in addition to feeding problems...
July 31, 2017: HNO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706091/predict-cp-study-protocol-of-implementation-of-comprehensive-surveillance-to-predict-outcomes-for-school-aged-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#5
Roslyn N Boyd, Peter Sw Davies, Jenny Ziviani, Stewart Trost, Lee Barber, Robert Ware, Stephen Rose, Koa Whittingham, Leanne Sakzewski, Kristie Bell, Christopher Carty, Steven Obst, Katherine Benfer, Sarah Reedman, Priya Edwards, Megan Kentish, Lisa Copeland, Kelly Weir, Camilla Davenport, Denise Brooks, Alan Coulthard, Rebecca Pelekanos, Andrea Guzzetta, Simona Fiori, Meredith Wynter, Christine Finn, Andrea Burgess, Kym Morris, John Walsh, Owen Lloyd, Jennifer A Whitty, Paul A Scuffham
OBJECTIVES: Cerebral palsy (CP) remains the world's most common childhood physical disability with total annual costs of care and lost well-being of $A3.87b. The PREDICT-CP (NHMRC 1077257 Partnership Project: Comprehensive surveillance to PREDICT outcomes for school age children with CP) study will investigate the influence of brain structure, body composition, dietary intake, oropharyngeal function, habitual physical activity, musculoskeletal development (hip status, bone health) and muscle performance on motor attainment, cognition, executive function, communication, participation, quality of life and related health resource use costs...
July 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643111/thymic-carcinoma-initially-presented-with-geographic-destruction-of-scapula-in-a-child
#6
Won-Jong Bahk, An-Hi Lee, Eun-Deok Chang, Dong-Wook Min, Yong-Koo Kang
As the conventional histopathologic examination of thymic carcinoma (TC) is nonspecific, immunohistochemical studies along with correlative radiographic investigations are needed for its correct diagnosis. TC commonly occurs in the late 5th to early 6th decades of life but is extremely rare in childhood. It may be incidentally detected from chest radiographs taken as routine or for other reasons. However, most patients present with symptoms such as chest pain, cough, shortness of breath, dysphagia and hoarseness, which are directly attributable to the mediastinal mass...
June 23, 2017: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441826/-a-childhood-onset-rapid-onset-dystonia-parkinsonism-family-with-atp1a3-gene-mutation-and-literatures-review
#7
REVIEW
C L Zhang, F Yin, F He, N Gai, Z Q Shi, J Peng
Objective: To explore clinical characteristics, treatment, and prognosis of a family with childhood-onset rapid-onset dystonia parkinsonism (RDP) caused by ATP1A3 gene mutation and review literatures. Method: The clinical data of a RDP child, his brother and mother had been analyzed retrospectively. This family was admitted to Xiangya Hospital in January 2016. DNA samples were analyzed by the next-generation sequencing and confirmed by Sanger sequencing. Related literature from PubMed, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM), CNKI and Wanfang databases to date (up to October 2016) with"Rapid-onset dystonia-parkinsonism"RDP"DYT12" as key words was reviewed...
April 2, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405153/esophageal-squamous-papillomas-with-focal-dermal-hypoplasia-and-eosinophilic-esophagitis
#8
Eric A Pasman, Theresa A Heifert, Cade M Nylund
Focal dermal hypoplasia (FDH) is a rare disorder of the mesodermal and ectodermal tissues. Here we present an eight-year-old female known to have FDH who presents with poor weight gain and dysphagia. She was diagnosed with multiple esophageal papillomas and eosinophilic esophagitis. She was successfully treated with argon plasma coagulation and ingested fluticasone propionate, which has not been described previously in a child.
March 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328693/a-giant-pseudoaneurysm-mimicking-retropharyngeal-abscess-in-a-child
#9
Rijuneeta Gupta, Sourabha K Patro, Neha Chauhan, Ajay Kumar
Pseudoaneurysms of the cervical internal carotid artery are rare and usually result from trauma, infection, or rarely spontaneously. They harbor potential risk of life-threatening hemorrhage and warrant immediate management. Endovascular treatment in the form of stent placement and coiling is a well established technique for dealing with both intracranial and extracranial pseudoaneurysms. We present a case of a child who presented with fever, neck swelling, dysphagia, and respiratory distress in emergency for which clinical diagnosis of a neck abscess was made...
March 21, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239583/correlation-of-radiological-and-endoscopic-findings-in-patients-presenting-with-dysphagia
#10
Kavita Sachdeva, Vineet Kaul
Dysphagia is a common symptom with diverse etiology in otolaryngology. In the present study clinicopathological, radiological and endoscopic evaluation of patients was done in a tertiary care hospital in patients presenting with dysphagia. A prospective nonrandomized observational study was carried out on total of 80 cases having dysphagia during March 2015 to August 2016. In the present study, out of 80 patients, youngest case was a three years old child while oldest case was an 85 years old female. The mean age was 48...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217172/kissing-carotids-an-unusual-cause-of-dysphagia-in-a-healthy-child
#11
Shruti Chandak, Anirban Mandal, Amitabh Singh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159744/effectiveness-of-fundoplication-or-gastrojejunal-feeding-in-children-with-neurologic-impairment
#12
Bryan Stone, Gabrielle Hester, Daniel Jackson, Troy Richardson, Matt Hall, Ramkiran Gouripeddi, Ryan Butcher, Ron Keren, Rajendu Srivastava
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Gastroesophageal reflux (GER), aspiration, and secondary complications lead to morbidity and mortality in children with neurologic impairment (NI), dysphagia, and gastrostomy feeding. Fundoplication and gastrojejunal (GJ) feeding can reduce risk. We compared GJ to fundoplication using first-year postprocedure reflux-related hospitalization (RRH) rates. METHODS: We identified children with NI, dysphagia requiring gastrostomy tube feeding and GER undergoing initial GJ placement or fundoplication from January 1, 2007 to December 31, 2012...
March 2017: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145196/recognition-and-management-of-foreign-body-ingestion-and-aspiration
#13
Oliver William McKinney, Paul Anthony Heaton, Jane Gamble, Siba Prosad Paul
Foreign body ingestion and foreign body aspiration commonly affect children. The most vulnerable age is between six months and four years, when children tend to explore new objects with their mouths. Many of these events remain asymptomatic, with the swallowed object passing through the gastrointestinal tract without causing harm. However, the frequency of serious complications as a result of the ingestion of hazardous objects has increased in recent years, in particular button batteries and magnets. To increase the likelihood of identifying foreign body ingestion and aspiration, healthcare professionals should maintain a high index of suspicion, be aware of the variation in presentations and include it as a differential diagnosis in children presenting with non-specific symptoms, such as fever, cough, drooling, dysphagia and abdominal pain...
February 1, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030529/recurrent-lingual-abscess-in-a-child
#14
Rie Kuge, Koji Komori, Sahoko Miyama
We report the case of a 14-month-old boy who developed a swelling of the tongue with fever, dyspnea during sleep and dysphagia. An anterior lingual abscess was identified by magnetic resonance imaging. He developed 4 recurrent lingual abscesses thereafter. Pediatricians should be aware of this problem because it can be a life-threatening condition.
July 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832897/a-7-year-old-boy-with-sudden-onset-of-loud-snoring
#15
Lourdes M DelRosso
A 7-year-old boy was referred for evaluation of loud nightly snoring. Snoring started suddenly 2 weeks prior to presentation and grew progressively worse. Currently, the parents witnessed breathing pauses and gasping at night. The parents moved the child to a recliner to be able to breathe better, but the snoring and apneas persisted. There was no sleepwalking, night terrors, or nocturnal enuresis. During the day, the boy did not endorse symptoms of excessive sleepiness. The review of systems was negative for fever, weight loss, night sweats, sore throat, dysphagia, nasal congestion, ear pain, chest pain, shortness of breath, stridor, and abdominal pain...
November 2016: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27664425/can-mitomycin-facilitate-endoscopic-dilatation-treatment-of-benign-oesophageal-stricture
#16
REVIEW
Han-Yu Deng, Wen-Ping Wang, Yi-Dan Lin, Long-Qi Chen
A best evidence topic in cardiothoracic surgery was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was 'Can mitomycin facilitate endoscopic dilatation treatment of benign esophageal stricture (mainly including caustic and anastomotic esophageal stricture)?' Altogether, 115 papers were found using the reported search, of which 6 represented the best evidence to answer the clinical question, which included 1 randomized controlled trial, 1 systematic review and 4 cohort studies. The authors, journal, date and country of publication, patient group studied, study type, relevant outcomes and results of these papers are tabulated...
January 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27619036/radiation-exposure-from-videofluoroscopic-swallow-studies-in-children-with-a-type-1-laryngeal-cleft-and-pharyngeal-dysphagia-a-retrospective-review
#17
Cheryl Hersh, Carissa Wentland, Sarah Sally, Marie de Stadler, Steven Hardy, M Shannon Fracchia, Bob Liu, Christopher Hartnick
INTRODUCTION: Radiation exposure is recognized as having long term consequences, resulting in increased risks over the lifetime. Children, in particular, have a projected lifetime risk of cancer, which should be reduced if within our capacity. The objective of this study is to quantify the amount of ionizing radiation in care for children being treated for aspiration secondary to a type 1 laryngeal cleft. With this baseline data, strategies can be developed to create best practice pathways to maintain quality of care while minimizing radiation exposure...
October 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27604185/longitudinal-growth-diet-and-physical-activity-in-young-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#18
Stina Oftedal, Peter S W Davies, Roslyn N Boyd, Richard D Stevenson, Robert S Ware, Piyapa Keawutan, Katherine A Benfer, Kristie L Bell
OBJECTIVES: To describe the longitudinal relationship between height-for-age z score (HZ), growth velocity z score, energy intake, habitual physical activity (HPA), and sedentary time across Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) levels I to V in preschoolers with cerebral palsy (CP). METHODS: Children with CP (n = 175 [109 (62.2%) boys]; mean recruitment age 2 years, 10 months [SD 11 months]; GMFCS I = 83 [47.2%], II = 21 [11.9%], III = 28 [15.9%], IV = 19 [10...
October 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27539771/fungal-esophagitis-in-a-child-with-insulin-dependent-diabetes-mellitus
#19
Anjum Saeed, Asaad Assiri, Zafar Zaidi, Abdulmalik Alsheikh
Esophagitis in children is not uncommon, mostly due to gastro-esophageal reflux. Other conditions like eosinophilic and infective esophagitis need to be elucidated in differential diagnoses. Fungal orCandida esophagitisusually occurs in high risk children who are immune-compromised, malnourished, on steroid therapy or have uncontrolled diabetes mellitus. An eleven-year girl presented with uncontrolled type I diabetes mellitus and recurrent epigastric pain with vomiting. Her oral intake was satisfactory. There was no dysphagia and odynophagia...
August 2016: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27487618/foreign-body-in-the-nasopharynx-masquerading-as-pharyngotonsillitis
#20
C O A Enyuma, M Offiong, A Adekanye, U Akpan, N Ezeanyagu, O Uffiah
Foreign body (FB) in the aerodigestive tracts has been commonly reported but findings of impacted foreign bodies in the nasopharynx following inhalation/ingestion are very rare. Most of the FB gets lodged as a result of forceful vomiting, coughing,and digital manoeuvres for removal of FB in the oropharynx. Several objects have been identified lodged in the nasopharynx. No age group is spared although most victims are children under 10 years of age. Foreign bodies in the nasopharynx can be uneventful or potentially dangerous depending on type, size and location as it may cause sudden airway obstruction, or local pressure necrosis of alimentary or respiratory tract or both...
October 2015: Nigerian Journal of Medicine: Journal of the National Association of Resident Doctors of Nigeria
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