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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904625/an-intriguing-case-of-gallstone-ileus-after-hepaticojejunostomy-caused-by-a-stone-on-a-suture
#1
Mahir Gachabayov, Petr Mityushin
Gallstone ileus (GI) is a mechanical obstruction of small or large bowel caused by gallstone passed to the intestinal lumen through spontaneous or postoperative biliodigestive fistula. A 42-year-old female patient was admitted with the clinical presentation of small bowel obstruction. She underwent hepaticojejunostomy 4 years prior to admission for primary sclerosing cholangitis. Barium meal follows through revealed Rigler's triad. The patient underwent laparotomy which revealed GI. A "stone on a suture" was removed through enterotomy...
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900227/urachal-cyst-causing-small-bowel-obstruction-in-an-adult-with-a-virgin-abdomen
#2
Michael P O'Leary, Zane W Ashman, David S Plurad, Dennis Y Kim
Introduction. A patent urachus is a rare congenital or acquired pathology, which can lead to complications later in life. We describe a case of urachal cystitis as the etiology of small bowel obstruction in an adult without prior intra-abdominal surgery. Case Report. A 64-year-old male presented to the acute care surgery team with a 5-day history of right lower quadrant abdominal pain, distention, nausea, and vomiting. He had a two-month history of urinary retention and his past medical history was significant for benign prostate hyperplasia...
2016: Case Reports in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898356/management-of-a-jejunal-obstruction-caused-by-the-migration-of-a-laparoscopic-adjustable-gastric-banding-a-case-report
#3
Julien Lemaire, Olivier Dewit, Benoît Navez
INTRODUCTION: We present a rare case of jejunal obstruction due to the migration of a laparoscopic adjustable gastric band (LAGB) that occurred 10 years after surgery and was successfully treated by laparoscopy. This report is compliant with the SCARE guidelines. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 42-year-old woman who underwent LAGB for morbid obesity 10 years ago was admitted with a small bowel obstruction due to the migration of a LAGB in the proximal small bowel. An attempt to endoscopic removal was unsuccessful and resulted in a laparoscopic extraction of the band...
November 19, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898355/gallstone-ileus-presenting-as-intussusception-a-case-report
#4
Rahul M Prasad, Katrina M Weimer, Arunkumar Baskara
BACKGROUND: Gallstone ileus is a complication of acute cholecystitis that accounts for 25% of bowel obstruction cases in the elderly. To our knowledge, only one other case of gallstone ileus presenting as intussusception has been reported in the literature, and involved non-operative management with an unfavorable outcome. CASE PRESENTATION: Here we report the case of 69year old woman presenting with symptoms of acute small bowel obstruction with a surgical history significant for cholecystectomy 30 years prior...
November 22, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898351/a-case-report-of-small-bowel-obstruction-secondary-to-congenital-peritoneal-band-in-adult
#5
Yahmadi Abdelwahed, Rebii Saber, Ben Ismail Imen, Zenaidi Hakim, Zoghlami Ayoub
INTRODUCTION: Small bowel obstruction (SBO) is common in adult surgical procedures, mainly due to postoperative adhesions. Acute SBO in adults without history of abdominal surgery, trauma or clinical hernia is less common and has various etiologies. Congenital band is an extremely rare cause. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 56-year-old man was admitted to our hospital with a two-day history of abdominal pain and bilious vomiting. He had no history of abdominal surgery or any other medical problems...
November 18, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896653/clinical-characteristics-of-stoma-related-obstruction-after-ileal-pouch-anal-anastomosis-for-ulcerative-colitis
#6
Yoshiki Okita, Toshimitsu Araki, Satoru Kondo, Hiroyuki Fujikawa, Shigeyuki Yoshiyama, Junichiro Hiro, Mikihiro Inoue, Yuji Toiyama, Minako Kobayashi, Masaki Ohi, Yasuhiro Inoue, Keiichi Uchida, Yasuhiko Mohri, Masato Kusunoki
AIMS: We defined small bowel obstruction occurring around the limbs of the ileostomy as stoma-related obstruction (SRO) and investigated the clinical characteristics and predictive factors of SRO. METHODS: From January 2002 to March 2016, 309 consecutive patients who underwent ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA) for ulcerative colitis were enrolled. Two-stage IPAA with diverting ileostomy was analyzed. We assessed the possible associations between SRO and clinical factors...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896160/neonatal-intestinal-obstruction-when-to-suspect-duplication-cyst-of-bowel-as-the-cause
#7
Rizwan Ahmad Khan, Shagufta Wahab, Imran Ghani
BACKGROUND: Duplication cyst is a rare cause of neonatal intestinal obstruction. Their most common location is the small intestine. The clinical presentation is extremely variable depending upon its size, location and type and the age of the patient and are mainly encountered during infancy or early childhood. The diagnosis is very difficult in neonates. This study was undertaken to study their presentation, diagnostic modality of choice and further management in neonatal age group. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective study performed at the Department of Paediatric Surgery, J ...
October 2016: Journal of Neonatal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896150/early-reoperations-after-primary-repair-of-jejunoileal-atresia-in-newborns
#8
Fanny Yeung, Yuk Him Tam, Yuen Shan Wong, Siu Yan Tsui, Hei Yi Wong, Kristine Kit Yi Pang, Christopher H Houben, Jennifer Wai Cheung Mou, Kin Wai Chan, Kim Hung Lee
Aim: To review nine-year experience in managing jejuno-ileal atresia (JIA) by primary resection and anastomosis and identify factors associated with reoperations. Methods: From April 2006 to May 2015, all consecutive neonates who underwent bowel resection and primary anastomosis for JIA were analyzed retrospectively. Patients with temporary enterostomy were excluded. Patient demographics, types of atresia, surgical techniques, need for reoperations, and long-term outcomes were investigated. Results: A total of forty-three neonates were included, in which nineteen (44...
October 2016: Journal of Neonatal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894424/intestinal-rotation-abnormalities-and-midgut-volvulus
#9
REVIEW
Jacob C Langer
Rotation abnormalities may be asymptomatic or may be associated with obstruction caused by bands, midgut volvulus, or associated atresia or web. The most important goal of clinicians is to determine whether the patient has midgut volvulus with intestinal ischemia, in which case an emergency laparotomy should be done. If the patient is not acutely ill, the next goal is to determine whether the patient has a narrow-based small bowel mesentery. In general, the outcomes for children with a rotation abnormality are excellent, unless there has been midgut volvulus with significant intestinal ischemia...
February 2017: Surgical Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893689/a-new-method-for-insertion-of-long-intestinal-tube-for-small-bowel-obstruction-nonendoscopic-over-the-wire-method-via-short-nasogastric-tube
#10
Kazuma Sekiba, Tomoya Ohmae, Nariaki Odawara, Makoto Moriyama, Sachiko Kanai, Mayo Tsuboi, Tomotaka Saito, Koji Uchino, Masatoshi Akamatsu, Makoto Okamoto
It is often difficult to insert a long intestinal tube (LT) in patients with small bowel obstruction (SBO). We developed a novel technique for inserting an LT without endoscopy called nonendoscopic over-the-wire method via short nasogastric tube (NEWSt). We evaluated the efficacy and safety of NEWSt.We performed a retrospective study of patients who underwent LT insertion for SBO without any indications of strangulation with either NEWSt (n = 16) or endoscopy (n = 17) between November 2011 and February 2015 at our hospital...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891287/sapovirus-gastroenteritis-in-young-children-presenting-as-distal-small-bowel-obstruction-a-report-of-2-cases-and-literature-review
#11
Lynn Model, Cathy Anne Burnweit
Abdominal pain and distention in children are commonly encountered problems in the pediatric emergency room. The majority of complaints are found to be due to benign entities such as gastroenteritis and constipation. What confounds these diagnoses is that young children often deliver a challenging and unreliable exam. Thus, it often becomes exceedingly problematic to differentiate these benign conditions from surgical conditions requiring prompt attention including small or large bowel obstruction, volvulus, and appendicitis...
2016: Case Reports in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891284/strangulated-morgagni-s-hernia-a-rare-diagnosis-and-management
#12
Malav Modi, Amit Kumar Dey, Ajay Mate, Samir Rege
Morgagni hernia is a rare type of congenital diaphragmatic hernia. It accounts for only 3% of all diaphragmatic hernias. The defect is small and hernia being asymptomatic in the majority presents late in adulthood. Obstruction or incarceration in Morgagni hernia is uncommon. We report a rare occurrence of strangulated Morgagni hernia. A 40-year-old gentleman presented to our emergency department with features of intestinal obstruction. Computed tomography of the chest and abdomen showed a strangulated right Morgagni hernia...
2016: Case Reports in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885390/ct-angiography-in-the-setting-of-suspected-acute-mesenteric-ischemia-prevalence-of-ischemic-and-alternative-diagnoses
#13
Frank Oliver Henes, Perry J Pickhardt, Andrzej Herzyk, Scott J Lee, Utaroh Motosugi, Thorsten Derlin, Meghan G Lubner, Gerhard Adam, Gerhard Schön, Peter Bannas
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to determine the prevalence of ischemic and alternative diagnoses and the diagnostic accuracy of CT angiography (CTA) in the setting of suspected acute mesenteric ischemia (AMI). MATERIAL AND METHODS: We included 959 patients undergoing CTA for the evaluation of suspected AMI. The final clinical diagnosis was used to determine the prevalence of ischemic and alternative diagnoses and to calculate the diagnostic accuracy of CTA...
November 24, 2016: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881035/the-dangers-of-the-bread-clip-ct-imaging-and-management-a-case-report
#14
J M Bakia, S Ovaere, F P Dijkman, E E Schipper
Most ingested foreign objects pass the gastrointestinal tract without serious consequences. A particular foreign object has been described related to serious adverse events such as gastrointestinal bleeding and small bowel obstruction: a plastic bread clip. During the diagnostic phase the morphology of this item is not always recognized during ultrasonography or CT imaging. In this case report we describe the diagnosis and management of a patient with a small bowel perforation caused by ingestion of a bread clip...
November 24, 2016: Acta Chirurgica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875505/radiologic-predictors-of-surgery-in-newly-diagnosed-pediatric-crohn-disease-patients
#15
Damien Parker, Boaz Karmazyn, Steven J Steiner
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to assess whether small bowel imaging conducted at the time of diagnosis could be used as a predictor of small bowel surgical intervention in a population of pediatric patients with Crohn disease (CD). METHODS: A retrospective analysis of small bowel imaging within 30 days of diagnosis of pediatric CD was conducted. Patients were divided into 2 groups based on small bowel imaging: those with no or minor abnormalities (71%) and those with more extensive or obstructive abnormalities (29%)...
December 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865147/appendicitis-as-a-rare-cause-of-mechanical-small-bowel-obstruction-a-literature-review-of-case-reports
#16
Ondřej Malý, Jiří Páral
INTRODUCTION: Although bowel paralysis accompanying acute appendicitis is well known, mechanical bowel obstruction as a direct consequence of appendicitis remains a rare, but potentially life-threatening, acute abdomen. The aim of our literature review was to find all documented cases of this particular complication and compare them with our own case study. METHODS: We searched the PubMed database for relevant articles published from 1963 to 2015. The study included patients for whom direct links between appendicitis and strangulation of the terminal ileum were found, and for which the disease course had been documented in detail...
October 31, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853337/complicated-jejunal-diverticulosis-small-bowel-volvulus-with-obstruction
#17
Rommel Singh Mohi, Ashish Moudgil, Suresh Kumar Bhatia, Kaushal Seth, Tajinder Kaur
The incidence of the diverticulum of the small bowel varies from 0.2-1.3% in autopsy studies to 2.3% when assessed on enteroclysis. It occurs mostly in patients in the 6(th) decade of their life. Of all the small bowel diverticuli, jejunal diverticulum is the most common type. This rare entity is usually asymptomatic. However, they may cause chronic non-specific symptoms for a long period of time like dyspepsia, chronic postprandial pain, nausea, vomiting, borborgymi, alternating diarrhoea and constipation, weight loss, anaemia, steatorrhea or rarely lead to complications like haemorrhage, obstruction, perforation...
November 2016: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852679/acquired-haemophilia-a-an-unusual-postoperative-complication
#18
Sumant Arora, Gaurav Goyal, Rehan Sarmad, Kenneth J Wool
An African-American man aged 65 years with multiple malignancies in remission was admitted for small bowel obstruction. He was treated with laparotomy following failure of conservative management. Postoperatively, he developed intra-abdominal bleed, which persisted, despite surgical haematoma evacuation. Further haematological workup revealed isolated prolongation of activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) with reduced factor VIII (FVIII) activity and raised FVIII inhibitor titre. Assuming acquired haemophilia A (AHA), FVIII inhibitor bypassing activity and corticosteroids were started with subsequent resolution of the bleeding from the surgical site...
November 16, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847791/major-pelvic-bleeding-following-a-stapled-transanal-rectal-resection-use-of-laparoscopy-as-a-diagnostic-tool
#19
Giovanni Domenico Tebala, Abdul Qayyum Khan, Sean Keane
Stapled transanal rectal resection (STARR) and stapled hemorrhoidopexy (SH) are well-established techniques for treating rectal prolapse and obstructed defecation syndrome (ODS). Occasionally, they can be associated with severe complications. We describe the case of a 59-year-old woman who underwent STARR for ODS and developed a postoperative pelvic hemorrhage. A computed tomography (CT) scan revealed a vast pelvic, retroperitoneal hematoma and free gas in the abdomen. Laparoscopy ruled out any bowel lesions, but identified a hematoma of the pelvis...
October 2016: Annals of Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843667/congenital-vitelline-band-causing-intestinal-obstruction-in-an-adult-with-a-double-inferior-vena-cava
#20
Mihiri Wettasinghe, Kumari Pussepitiya, Bandula Samarasinghe, Nuwan Wickramasinghe
Introduction. Vitelline artery remnants are rare causes of intra-abdominal bands leading to bowel obstruction. These bands may be associated with Meckel's diverticulum. Double inferior vena cava (IVC) is a rare presentation and is usually identified incidentally. Case Presentation. A sixty-year-old male presented with progressive vomiting for five days and he was clinically diagnosed with intestinal obstruction. Plain X-ray abdomen showed evidence of small bowel obstruction. CT scan of the abdomen revealed dilated small bowel loops with a small outpouching in the distal ileum with a band like structure attached to it...
2016: Case Reports in Radiology
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