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nasogastric tube complications

Wednesday Marie A Sevilla, Barbara McElhanon
Enteral nutrition is delivered via the gastrointestinal tract when oral intake is not sufficient to maintain nutrition status. There is evidence that long-term home enteral nutrition (HEN) can be advantageous to pediatric patients by improving quality of life and function. Data from pediatric patients receiving either nasogastric tube or gastrostomy tube feeds indicate good outcomes in terms of maintaining and improving nutrition status as evidenced by anthropometric measurements. As the number of pediatric patients requiring HEN increases, development of an effective program to allow smooth transition to the home is necessary...
October 18, 2016: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
Hatice Yagmurdur, Figen Leblebici
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This study's main aim was to observe the effects of a fibre-enriched nutrition solution on requisite feeding volume, which is directly proportional to energy intake in mechanically ventilated patients with enteral nutrition. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Some 120 patients who required mechanical ventilation and enteral nutrition with a nasogastric tube were studied. Upon ICU admission, the patient's age, gender, weight, height, comorbidities, diagnosis and APACHE II score were recorded...
December 2016: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Katherine L Pearson, Nigel J Hall
PURPOSE: Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) pathways are standard practice in adult specialties resulting in improved outcomes. It is unclear whether ERAS principles are applicable to Paediatric Surgery. We performed a scoping review to identify the extent to which ERAS has been used in Paediatric Surgery, the nature of interventions, and outcomes. METHODS: Pubmed, Cochrane library, Google Scholar, and Embase were searched using the terms enhanced recovery, post-operative protocol/pathway, fast track surgery, and paediatric surgery...
September 27, 2016: Pediatric Surgery International
Syed Tariq Khalil, Michael R Uhing, Lori Duesing, Alexis Visotcky, Sergey Tarima, T Hang Nghiem-Rao
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine the tube-related complications and feeding outcomes of infants discharged home from the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) with nasogastric (NG) tube feeding or gastrostomy (G-tube) feeding. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a chart review of 335 infants discharged from our NICU with home NG tube or G-tube feeding between January 2009 and December 2013. The primary outcome was the incidence of feeding tube-related complications requiring emergency department (ED) visits, hospitalizations, or deaths...
September 19, 2016: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Teus J Weijs, Koshi Kumagai, Gijs H K Berkelmans, Grard A P Nieuwenhuijzen, Magnus Nilsson, Misha D P Luyer
Routine use of nasogastric tubes for gastric decompression has been abolished in nearly all types of gastro-intestinal surgery after introduction of enhanced recovery after surgery programs. However, in esophagectomy the routine use of nasogastric decompression is still a matter of debate. To determine the effects of routine nasogastric decompression following esophagectomy compared with early or peroperative removal of the nasogastric tube on pulmonary complications, anastomotic leakage, mortality, and postoperative recovery...
September 15, 2016: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
Brandon C Chapman, Alessandro Paniccia, Carrie Ryan, Richard D Schulick, Barish H Edil
INTRODUCTION: Main-duct intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms of the pancreas (M-IPMN) are potentially malignant cystic neoplasms that can degenerate into invasive malignancy in 43 % of cases.1 Although laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy and distal pancreatectomy have been previously described for the management of pancreatic neoplasms, laparoscopic total pancreatectomy is rarely described. We present a video demonstrating a laparoscopic spleen-preserving total pancreatectomy in a patient with M-IPMN...
September 2, 2016: Annals of Surgical Oncology
Thomas Berger, Martin Classen, Harald Engelhardt, Klaus-Michael Keller, Martin W Laass, Ralph Melchior, Carsten Posovszky, Burkhard Rodeck, Katharina Schaper, Rolf Behrens
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: The goal of this study was to analyze the bowel cleansing methods currently used for pediatric colonoscopy in terms of effectiveness, tolerance and safety. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data from 768 colonoscopies reported by 28 centers were registered in an online database for further analysis. Binary logistic regression was used to determine how preparation methods affected the cleaning effect (Aronchick score) and the rate of adverse events (Aes) and complications...
July 2016: Endoscopy International Open
Eleftheria Kalogera, Sean C Dowdy
A paucity of data exists regarding traditional perioperative practices (bowel preparation, NPO at midnight, liberal narcotics, PCA use, liberal fluids, prolonged bowel and bed rest). Enhanced Recovery after Surgery (ERAS) is an evidence-based approach to peri-operative care associated with improved outcomes including earlier return of gastrointestinal function, reduced opioid use, shorter hospital stay, and substantial cost reductions with stable complication and readmission rates. Basic principles include patient education, minimizing preoperative fasting, avoiding bowel preparation, preemptive analgesia, nausea/vomiting prophylaxis, perioperative euvolemia, no routine use of drain and nasogastric tubes, early mobilization, oral intake, and catheter removal, non-opioid analgesics, and preemptive laxatives...
September 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinics of North America
Shanjun Tan, Guohao Wu, Qiulin Zhuang, Qiulei Xi, Qingyang Meng, Yi Jiang, Yusong Han, Chao Yu, Zhen Yu, Ning Li
INTRODUCTION: The role of laparoscopic surgery in the repair for peptic ulcer disease is unclear. The present study aimed to compare the safety and efficacy of laparoscopic versus open repair for peptic ulcer disease. METHODS: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing laparoscopic versus open repair for peptic ulcer disease were identified from MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and references of identified articles and relevant reviews...
September 2016: International Journal of Surgery
J Lerat, C Mounayer, A Scomparin, S Orsel, J-P Bessede, K Aubry
OBJECTIVES: Head and neck lymphatic malformation is a rare benign tumor, mainly affecting children under 1 year of age. Total resection is often difficult, and recurrence is frequent. Functional and esthetic sequelae are a major issue. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A single-center retrospective study recruited patients with head and neck lymphatic malformation managed surgically, with or without associated sclerosis by alcohol, bleomycin or aetoxisclerol, between January 1, 2004 and December 31, 2013...
August 3, 2016: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
Daniel Gero, Olivier Gié, Martin Hübner, Nicolas Demartines, Dieter Hahnloser
PURPOSE: Postoperative ileus (POI) is a frequent complication after abdominal surgery; nonetheless, it remains poorly defined. Our aim was to achieve an international consensus among leading colorectal surgeons on definition, prevention, and treatment of POI. METHODS: Thirty-five experts from five continents participated in a three-round Delphi process. Round 1 contained open-ended questions on POI and postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV). Round 2 included closed-ended questions...
August 3, 2016: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
Vignesh T Packiam, Vijay A Agrawal, Joseph J Pariser, Andrew J Cohen, Charles U Nottingham, Shane M Pearce, Norm D Smith, Gary D Steinberg
PURPOSE: Alvimopan has decreased ileus and need for nasogastric tube (NGT) after radical cystectomy (RC). However, the natural history of ileus versus intestinal obstruction in patients receiving alvimopan is not well defined. We sought to examine the implications of NGT placement before and after the introduction of alvimopan for RC patients. METHODS: Retrospective review identified 278 and 293 consecutive patients who underwent RC before and after instituting alvimopan between June 2009 and May 2014...
July 30, 2016: World Journal of Urology
Karl Matz, Leonhard Seyfang, Alexandra Dachenhausen, Yvonne Teuschl, Jaakko Tuomilehto, Michael Brainin
BACKGROUND: To investigate prevalence and risk factors for post stroke pneumonia (PSP) in patients with acute ischemic stroke treated at stroke units (SU). METHOD: We analysed data from the Austrian Stroke Unit registry concerning admissions from January 2003 to December 2013 and assessed the prevalence of PSP at the stroke unit. Patients with and without PSP were compared in univariate and multivariate models searching for factors associated with the occurrence of PSP at the SU...
2016: BMC Neurology
Siti Zubaidah Mordiffi, Mien Li Goh, Jason Phua, Yiong-Huak Chan
BACKGROUND: The effect of delivering enteral nutrition or medications via a nasogastric tube that is inadvertently located in the tracheobronchial tract can cause respiratory complications. Although radiographic examination is accepted as the gold standard for confirming the position of patients' enteral tubes, it is costly, involves risks of radiation, and is not failsafe. Studies using carbon dioxide sensors to detect inadvertent nasogastric tube placements have been conducted in intensive care settings...
September 2016: International Journal of Nursing Studies
Christopher M Deibert, Mark V Silva, Arindam RoyChoudhury, James M McKiernan, Douglas S Scherr, David Seres, Mitchell C Benson
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of early feeding on recovery after radical cystectomy and urinary diversion. Enhanced recovery protocols have helped to standardize postoperative recovery. This is the first study to directly review the impact of early feeding on recovery in a randomized multi-institutional protocol. METHODS: From 2011 to 2014, patients at 2 large hospitals were randomized after radical cystectomy to receive access to liquids and then a regular diet on postoperative days 1 and 2 or conventional care with introduction of a liquid diet after return of bowel activity, typically days 3-5...
July 8, 2016: Urology
Wan Hafsah Wan Ibadullah, Nurlia Yahya, Siti Salmah Ghazali, Esa Kamaruzaman, Liu Chian Yong, Adnan Dan, Jaafar Md Zain
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: This was a prospective, randomized clinical study to compare the success rate of nasogastric tube insertion by using GlideScope™ visualization versus direct MacIntosh laryngoscope assistance in anesthetized and intubated patients. METHODS: Ninety-six ASA I or II patients, aged 18-70 years were recruited and randomized into two groups using either technique. The time taken from insertion of the nasogastric tube from the nostril until the calculated length of tube had been inserted was recorded...
July 2016: Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology
Sandra Cristina Veiga de Oliveira Santos, Wendy Woith, Maria Isabel Pedreira de Freitas, Eliete Boaventura Bargas Zeferino
OBJECTIVES: Improper placement of nasogastric tube used for feeding may lead to serious complications, including death of the patient. There are several different methods used to determine the appropriate length of nasogastric tube for optimal placement in adults. This integrative review of the literature was designed to identify the most accurate method to determine the internal length of nasogastric feeding tube in adults. DESIGN: An integrative review of the research literature (1979-2015) using the population-intervention-comparison-outcomes strategy...
September 2016: International Journal of Nursing Studies
Elizabeth K Parker, Sahrish S Faruquie, Gail Anderson, Linette Gomes, Andrew Kennedy, Christine M Wearne, Michael R Kohn, Simon D Clarke
Introduction. This study examines weight gain and assesses complications associated with refeeding hospitalised adolescents with restrictive eating disorders (EDs) prescribed initial calories above current recommendations. Methods. Patients admitted to an adolescent ED structured "rapid refeeding" program for >48 hours and receiving ≥2400 kcal/day were included in a 3-year retrospective chart review. Results. The mean (SD) age of the 162 adolescents was 16.7 years (0.9), admission % median BMI was 80...
2016: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
Zhihong Zhang, Yu Zhu, Yun Ling, Lijuan Zhang, Hongwei Wan
Nasogastric tube (NGT) and percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy were frequently used in the head and neck cancer patients when malnutrition was present. Nevertheless, the evidence was inclusive in terms of the choice and the time of tube placement. The aim of this network meta-analysis was to evaluate the comparative effects of prophylactic percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (pPEG), reactive percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (rPEG), and NGT in the head and neck cancer patients receiving radiotherapy or chemoradiotherapy...
2016: OncoTargets and Therapy
Joon Seong Park, Jae Young Kim, Jae Keun Kim, Dong Sup Yoon
BACKGROUND: Nasogastric tube placement after abdominal surgery has been a standard procedure for many decades. In pancreatoduodenectomy, delayed gastric emptying (DGE) is still a leading postoperative complication, often resulting in patient anxiety or depression and prolonged hospital stays. Such complications have led many surgeons to prefer postoperative nasogastric decompression because of the greater risk of DGE. Therefore, the goal of this study was to evaluate the DGE and perioperative outcomes after pylorus-preserving pancreatoduodenectomy (PPPD) with or without routine gastrostomy...
June 6, 2016: World Journal of Surgery
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