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nasogastric tube complications

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774515/eating-disorder-or-oesophageal-achalasia-during-adolescence-diagnostic-difficulties
#1
REVIEW
Aurélie Letranchant, Bénédicte Pigneur, Martine Flament, Nathalie Godart
Marine was a fourteen and a half-year-old adolescent female hospitalized for an eating disorder (ED) of the anorexic type with purging behaviors. She has had a complicated life course, made up of disruptions and discontinuities, both family and school. Since the age of five, Marine had been intermittently treated in psychiatry for a diagnosis of oppositional defiant disorder. The current illness started with spontaneous and induced vomiting associated with major weight loss (body mass index, 15.27 kg m-2 )...
May 17, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756520/sustainability-of-an-enhanced-recovery-program-for-pancreaticoduodenectomy-with-pancreaticogastrostomy
#2
C Williamsson, T Karlsson, M Westrin, D Ansari, R Andersson, B Tingstedt
BACKGROUND: Enhanced recovery program for pancreaticoduodenectomy have become standard care. Little is known about adherence rates and sustainability of the program, especially when pancreaticogastrostomy is used in reconstruction. The aim of this study was, therefore, to evaluate adherence rates and continued outcome, after implementation of an enhanced recovery program. METHODS: Consecutive patients undergoing pancreaticoduodenectomy at the Department of Surgery, Skåne University Hospital, Lund, Sweden were followed, after implementation of enhanced recovery program, October 2012...
May 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Surgery: SJS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756483/the-glidescope-with-modified-magill-forceps-facilitates-nasogastric-tube-insertion-in-anesthetized-patients-a-randomized-clinical-study
#3
Han Joon Kim, Su In Park, Sang Yun Cho, Min Jae Cho
Objective Insertion of a nasogastric tube (NGT) in patients who have been intubated with an endotracheal tube while under general anesthesia can cause difficulties and lead to complications, including hemorrhage. A visualization-aided modality was recently used to facilitate NGT insertion. Some studies have focused on the role of modified Magill forceps, which have angles similar to those of the GlideScope blade (Verathon, Bothell, WA, USA). Methods Seventy patients were divided into a control group (Group C) and an experimental group (GlideScope and modified Magill forceps, Group M)...
January 1, 2018: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716529/severe-localised-granulomatosis-with-polyangiitis-wegener-s-granulomatosis-manifesting-with-extensive-cranial-nerve-palsies-and-cranial-diabetes-insipidus-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#4
James E Peters, Vivek Gupta, Ibtisam T Saeed, Curtis Offiah, Ali S M Jawad
BACKGROUND: Granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA, formerly Wegener's granulomatosis) is a multisystem vasculitis of small- to medium-sized blood vessels. Cranial involvement can result in cranial nerve palsies and, rarely, pituitary infiltration. CASE PRESENTATION: We describe the case of a 32 year-old woman with limited but severe GPA manifesting as progressive cranial nerve palsies and pituitary dysfunction. Our patient initially presented with localised ENT involvement, but despite treatment with methotrexate, she deteriorated...
May 1, 2018: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713622/nutritional-care-in-iranian-intensive-care-units
#5
Maryam Shabanpur, Seyed Mostafa Nachvak, Shima Moradi, Safora Hedayati, Mahboobe Hosseinikia, Yahya Pasdar, Shahrbanoo Gholizadeh, Mehnoosh Samadi
Intensive care units (ICUs) provides intensive treatment medicine to avoid complications such as malnutrition, infection and even death. As very little is currently known about the nutritional practices in Iranian ICUs, this study attempted to assess the various aspects of current nutrition support practices in Iranian ICUs. We conducted a cross-sectional study on 150 critically ill patients at 18 ICUs in 12 hospitals located in 2 provinces of Iran from February 2015 to March 2016. Data were collected through interview with supervisors of ICUs, medical record reviews and direct observation of patients during feeding...
April 2018: Clinical Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706465/-do-initial-experience-with-an-enhanced-recovery-program-after-surgery-eras-improve-postoperative-outcomes-after-cystectomy
#6
A Baldini, H Fassi Fehri, Y Cerantola, F Bayle, E Ravier, P Y Belot, N Arnouil, M Colombel, L Badet
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the feasibility and the impact of an ERAS program after radical cystectomy for bladder cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective study comparing a historical pre ERAS group, including all the patients undergoing cystectomy for bladder cancer from January 2013 to December 2015 with a classic procedure, and an interventional ERAS group after introducing an enhanced recovery protocol before, during and after surgery, from February 2016...
April 26, 2018: Progrès en Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697873/transoral-robotic-resection-of-benign-tumors-of-the-upper-aerodigestive-tract-experience-of-the-french-group-of-gettec
#7
Emilien Chabrillac, Sylvain Morinière, Franck Jegoux, David Blanchard, Olivier Choussy, Stéphane Hans, Sébastien Vergez
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to assess the current use of transoral robotic surgery (TORS) in benign tumors of the upper aerodigestive tract through a case series and a literature review. METHODS: This multicentric retrospective study was conducted in 6 French centers between November 2009 and July 2017. RESULTS: Twenty-one patients had a TORS resection of a tumor at varied locations with differing histopathologic characteristics...
April 26, 2018: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686989/enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-protocols-in-major-urologic-surgery
#8
REVIEW
Natalija Vukovic, Ljubomir Dinic
The purpose of the review: The analysis of the components of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocols in urologic surgery. Recent findings: ERAS protocols has been studied for over 20 years in different surgical procedures, mostly in colorectal surgery. The concept of improving patient care and reducing postoperative complications was also applied to major urologic surgery and especially procedure of radical cystectomy. This procedure is technically challenging, due to a major surgical resection and high postoperative complication rate that may reach 65%...
2018: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685118/predictors-of-post-stroke-fever-and-infections-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Maja Wästfelt, Yang Cao, Jakob O Ström
BACKGROUND: Fever after stroke is common, and often caused by infections. In the current study, we aimed to test the hypothesis that pneumonia, urinary tract infection and all-cause fever (thought to include at least some proportion of endogenous fever) have different predicting factors, since they differ regarding etiology. METHODS: PubMed was searched systematically for articles describing predictors for post-stroke pneumonia, urinary tract infection and all-cause fever...
April 23, 2018: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666693/removal-of-nasogastric-tube-accidentally-stitched-to-roux-en-y-oesophagojejunostomy-following-a-radical-gastrectomy-for-stomach-cancer-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#10
Ayman Z Azzam, Kareem A Azzam, Tarek Amin
Nasogastric tubes (NGTs) are important for feeding, stenting and decompression after gastrointestinal surgeries, particularly in the upper gastrointestinal tract. Resistance in the removal of a NGT is a rare surgical complication and may be due to a knot in the tube or a stitch anchoring the tube to an anastomosis . We report a 41-year-old male patient who was admitted to the King Faisal Specialist Hospital & Research Center, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, in 2015 with stomach cancer. He underwent a radical total gastrectomy with a Roux-en-Y oesophagojejunostomy...
February 2018: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657312/left-upper-quadrant-appendicitis-in-a-patient-with-congenital-intestinal-malrotation-and-polysplenia
#11
Camille Lupiañez-Merly, Stephanie C Torres-Ayala, Lorena Morales, Adel Gonzalez, José A Lara-Del Rio, Ivonne Ojeda-Boscana
BACKGROUND Appendicitis is the most common cause of abdominal pain requiring emergent surgical intervention. Although typically presenting as right lower-quadrant pain, in rare cases it may present as left upper-quadrant pain secondary to abnormal position due to intestinal malrotation. Since atypical presentations may result in diagnostic and management delay, increasing morbidity and mortality, accurate and prompt diagnosis is important. Therefore, acute appendicitis should be considered in the differential diagnosis of left upper-quadrant abdominal pain...
April 16, 2018: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643142/rare-and-unexpected-complication-after-a-malpositioned-nasogastric-tube-in-a-neonate
#12
Osama Hosheh, Liz Mckechnie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 11, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626245/a-new-method-for-surgical-abdominal-mass-closure-after-abdominal-fascial-dehiscence-using-nasogastric-tube-and-hemovac-perforator-a-case-series-study
#13
Jalal Vahedian, Sepideh Jahanian, Behrouz Banivaheb, Nima Hemmati, Mehrnaz Ghavamipour, Majid Chegini, Mahdi Alemrajabi
BACKGROUND: As the challenge for finding the best abdominal incision closure technique continues, surgeons are aiming to minimize postoperative wound complications such as wound dehiscence and hernia as an acute or late manifestation. In order to achieve this goal, several abdominal opening and closure techniques have been tried. In this article, we describe a method in which we used a nasogastric tube (NGT) in mass closure for patients with fascial dehiscence. METHODS: In this case-series study, a total number of 25 patients participated...
April 6, 2018: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602257/neonatal-oesophageal-perforation-the-role-for-non-operative-management
#14
Kate Hodgson, Andrea Togo, Aideen M Moore, Amanda Moody, Sebastian K King, Augusto Zani
AIM: Isolated oesophageal perforation in neonates is a rare but potentially life-threatening condition. Although management has historically been operative, conservative management (antibiotics, bowel rest, parenteral nutrition) is now more routinely used. The aim of this study was to evaluate the management of this condition in two large neonatal surgical centres. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted for neonates admitted to The Hospital for Sick Children (Toronto, Canada) or The Royal Children's Hospital (Melbourne, Australia) with a diagnosis of oesophageal perforation, from 2006 to 2016...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29510463/gastrografin-may-reduce-time-to-oral-diet-in-prolonged-post-operative-ileus-a-pooled-analysis-of-two-randomized-trials
#15
Tony G E Milne, Ryash Vather, Gregory O'Grady, Jordi Miquel, Sebastiano Biondo, Ian Bissett
BACKGROUND: Gastrografin has been suggested as a rescue therapy for prolonged post-operative ileus (PPOI) but trial data has been inconclusive. This study aimed to determine the benefit of gastrografin use in patients with PPOI by pooling the results of two recent randomized controlled trials assessing the efficacy of gastrografin compared to placebo given at time of PPOI diagnosis. METHODS: Anonymized, individual patient data from patients undergoing elective bowel resection for any indication were included, stoma closure was excluded...
March 6, 2018: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503558/the-frequency-risk-factors-and-complications-of-gastrointestinal-dysfunction-during-enteral-nutrition-in-critically-ill-patients
#16
Ayse Gulsah Atasever, Perihan Ergin Ozcan, Kamber Kasali, Taner Abdullah, Gunseli Orhun, Evren Senturk
Background: Gastrointestinal (GI) motility disorders in intensive care patients remain relatively unexplored. Nowadays, the frequency, risk factors and complications of GI dysfunction during enteral nutrition (EN) become more questionable. Aim: To evaluate the frequency, risk factors and complications of GI dysfunction during EN in the first 2 weeks of the intensive care unit (ICU) stay and to identify precautions to prevent the development of GI dysfunction and avoid complications...
2018: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29492186/transcutaneous-electroacupuncture-alleviates-postoperative-ileus-after-gastrectomy-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#17
Kai-Bo Chen, Yi-Qiao Lu, Jian-De Chen, Di-Ke Shi, Zhi-Hui Huang, Yi-Xiong Zheng, Xiao-Li Jin, Zhe-Fang Wang, Wei-Dong Zhang, Yi Huang, Zhi-Wei Wu, Guo-Ping Zhang, Hang Zhang, Ying-Hao Jiang, Li Chen
AIM: To investigate the efficacy and safety of transcutaneous electroacupuncture (TEA) to alleviate postoperative ileus (POI) after gastrectomy. METHODS: From April 2014 to February 2017, 63 gastric cancer patients were recruited from the Second Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou, China. After gastrectomy, the patients were randomly allocated to the TEA ( n = 33) or control ( n = 30) group. The patients in the TEA group received 1 h TEA on Neiguan (ST36) and Zusanli (PC6) twice daily in the morning and afternoon until they passed flatus...
February 27, 2018: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446855/associations-between-enteral-nutrition-and-acute-respiratory-infection-among-patients-in-new-york-metropolitan-region-pediatric-long-term-care-facilities
#18
Marissa Burgermaster, Meghan Murray, Lisa Saiman, David S Seres, Elaine L Larson
BACKGROUND: Pediatric long-term care facilities (pLTCF) serve a complicated and resource-intensive patient population with high usage of nutrition support. However, the relationship between nutrition support and outcomes among pLTCF residents is not well understood. We described this relationship in three metropolitan New York pLTCF and a subsample of infants from one of these facilities with a feeding disorders unit. METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, we used logistic regression to assess relationships between enteral nutrition (EN), and acute respiratory infections (ARI) among residents (n = 720, 50% male, mean age = 5...
February 15, 2018: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430408/using-bronchoscopy-to-detect-acquired-tracheoesophageal-fistula-in-mechanically-ventilated-patients
#19
Michael S Green, Johann J Mathew, Lia J Michos, Parmis Green, Mansoor M Aman
Introduction: An acquired Tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) is commonly caused by a malignancy or trauma, with pulmonary infection or aspiration being the presenting symptom. However, in the critical care setting the presentation can be subtle and may present with difficult ventilation. High endotracheal tube cuff pressures can lead to tracheal erosions and thus increasing the chances for developing a TEF. Prolonged intubation in the presence of other risk factors like poor general state of health, episodic hypotension, nasogastric tubes, and repeated intubations can increase the likelihood of developing an acquired TEF...
August 2017: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429178/-long-term-efficacy-of-supracricoid-partial-laryngectomy-for-298-patients-with-laryngeal-carcinoma
#20
L Tao, L Zhou, H T Wu, H L Gong, X L Chen, X M Li, C Li, J Zhou
Objective: To evaluate the oncologic and functional outcomes of supracricoid partial laryngectomy (SCPL) in the treatment of laryngeal carcinoma. Methods: A total of 298 laryngeal carcinoma patients who underwent SCPL treatment from January 2005 to December 2013 were reviewed retrospectively. Clinical data of demographic and clinical characteristics, postoperative complications, rehabilitation information, recurrence and metastasis were analysed. Survival and local control were used to evaluate the clinical outcome...
February 7, 2018: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
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