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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523968/gastrointestinal-system-involvement-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#1
Z Li, D Xu, Z Wang, Y Wang, S Zhang, M Li, X Zeng
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a multisystem disorder which can affect the gastrointestinal (GI) system. Although GI symptoms can manifest in 50% of patients with SLE, these have barely been reviewed due to difficulty in identifying different causes. This study aims to clarify clinical characteristics, diagnosis and treatment of the four major SLE-related GI system complications: protein-losing enteropathy (PLE), intestinal pseudo-obstruction (IPO), hepatic involvement and pancreatitis. It is a systematic review using MEDLINE and EMBASE databases and the major search terms were SLE, PLE, IPO, hepatitis and pancreatitis...
January 1, 2017: Lupus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523367/-a-67-year-old-man-with-epigastric-pain
#2
A Greger, W Hamelmann, M Konermann
A 67-year-old man suffering from epigastric pain showed a phytobezoar in the endoscopy. Therapy with Coca Cola® and enzymes was initiated. The (partial) lysis led to a migration of the bezoar into the ileum, resulting in a small bowel obstruction. After removal of the remaining bezoar via ileotomy a secondary pneumatosis intestinalis occurred. As a rare finding the (phyto-)bezoar should be considered as a differential diagnosis of abdominal pain - especially considering the rising numbers of bariatric surgery, which is a potential risk factor...
May 18, 2017: Der Internist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508942/-conservative-and-surgical-ileus-treatment
#3
H Listle, C Gutt
The diagnosis ileus is one of the most common indications for an emergency laparotomy. In 70% of the cases, the small intestine is affected, and in 30% it is the colorectum. While stuck hernias are a major cause in developing countries, the most common causes in western countries are postoperative adhesions that lead to an acute bowl obstruction. The timeframe for treatment of a complete mechanical obstruction is short as acute ischemia can lead to necrosis with bowl perforation within 6 h. The perioperative lethality for an emergency laparotomy due to an ileus ranges from 5-15%...
May 16, 2017: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500579/robotic-repair-of-a-right-sided-bochdalek-hernia-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#4
Amani Jambhekar, Shawn Robinson, Brian Housman, James Nguyen, Kevin Gu, Vadim Nakhamiyayev
BACKGROUND: Bochdalek hernias (BHs) are usually diagnosed in the neonatal period, occurring in 1/2200-1/12,500 live births. There are few reported cases of BHs in adults. Robotic repair has not been described in current literature as opposed to the laparoscopic approach. Here we present a case of an adult with clinical signs of bowel obstruction secondary to a BH which was repaired using a robotic approach. CASE REPORT: A 74-year-old gentleman with past medical history of benign prostatic hyperplasia presented to the emergency department with a 1-week history of nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and decline in appetite...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Robotic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490710/-small-fugal-enteritis-manifestation-with-intestinal-obstruction-and-hematochezia-a-case-report
#5
Chuancong Wu, Qin Guo, Rui Liu
Fungal enteritis was rarely reported. A case of fungal enteritis manifestation with jejunum multiple ulcers and obstruction was treated by Department of Gastroenterology, Third Xiangya Hospital, Central South University. After antifungal treatment, the clinical symptoms were relieved, and the ulcers in jejunal and upper gastrointestinal tract were healed completely. Clinical manifestation for small fungal enteritis is special, and the small intestine ulcer is easily to be misdiagnosed. It is helpful to prevent the misdiagnose for small fungal enteritis if we can tell the clinical features for this disease...
April 28, 2017: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480186/postoperative-mechanical-small-bowel-obstruction-induced-by-v-loc-barbed-absorbable-suture-after-laparoscopic-distal-gastrectomy
#6
Sung Ho Jang, Yun Kyung Jung, Sung Ji Choi, Tae Kyung Ha
When performing laparoscopic gastrectomy, suturing the intestinal anastomosis presents one of the greatest challenges. The V-Loc unidirectional barbed suture has been introduced to eliminate the need to tie knots during closure. This device offers a fast, secure, and effective alternative to conventional suture repair during laparoscopic surgery. However, there have been reported cases of surgical complications associated with the use of barbed suture devices. We describe here a case of small bowel obstruction resulting from improper use of barbed suture during total laparoscopic distal gastrectomy performed for gastric cancer...
May 2017: Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472055/abdominal-symptoms-in-cystic-fibrosis-and-their-relation-to-genotype-history-clinical-and-laboratory-findings
#7
Harold Tabori, Christin Arnold, Anke Jaudszus, Hans-Joachim Mentzel, Diane M Renz, Steffen Reinsch, Michael Lorenz, Ruth Michl, Andrea Gerber, Thomas Lehmann, Jochen G Mainz
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Abdominal symptoms (AS) are a hallmark of the multiorgan-disease cystic fibrosis (CF). However, the abdominal involvement in CF is insufficiently understood and, compared to the pulmonary manifestation, still receives little scientific attention. Aims were to assess and quantify AS and to relate them to laboratory parameters, clinical findings, and medical history. METHODS: A total of 131 patients with CF of all ages were assessed with a new CF-specific questionnaire (JenAbdomen-CF score 1...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467579/primary-small-intestinal-non-hodgkin-lymphoma-diagnosed-after-emergency-surgery
#8
Tevfik Avcı, Hakan Yabanoğlu, İlker Murat Arer, Nazım Emrah Koçer, Kenan Çalışkan, Pelin Börcek, Yahya Ekici
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate clinical manifestation, diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis of patients with primary gastrointestinal non-Hodgkin lymphoma (PGI NHL), whose initial presentation was bowel obstruction or perforation. METHODS: Data of patients who underwent surgical intervention due to radiological evidence of perforation or intestinal obstruction and were subsequently diagnosed with intestinal lymphoma at Baskent University hospitals between January 2007 and November 2014 were examined retrospectively...
March 2017: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459083/midgut-volvulus-after-percutaneous-endoscopic-gastrostomy
#9
Diana Martins, Paula Sousa, Juliana Pinho, Joana Ruivo, Ricardo Araújo, Eugénia Cancela, António Castanheira, Paula Ministro, Américo Silva
We report a 47-year-old man who underwent endoscopic gastrostomy placement due to feeding refusal and regurgitation. Procedure was unremarkable. Two days later, the patient presented signs of intestinal obstruction. Computed tomography imaging showed a well-positioned gastrostomy tube, small pneumoperitoneum, and small bowel volvulus (SBV) in the upper right abdomen with proximal small bowel dilated loops. Exploratory laparotomy revealed mesenteric torsion, leading to SBV, with no evidence of intestinal malrotation...
2017: ACG Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458941/intestinal-obstruction-in-a-patient-with-sclerosing-encapsulating-peritonitis
#10
Oday Obaid, Dawood Alhalabi, Mohamed Ghonami
Sclerosing encapsulating peritonitis (SEP) is a rare disorder that is characterized by encapsulation of bowel loops by thick fibrinogenous case. Most patients present with vague abdominal symptoms. It is challenging to diagnose the condition preoperatively. Surgical management is preserved for patients with small bowel obstruction with no improvement on conservative measures or for those with signs of bowel ischemia (Li et al., 2014; Habib et al. 2011). Herein, we discuss the clinical signs and symptoms, the radiological features, the surgical management, and outcome of SEP based on a patient who underwent surgery in our hospital...
2017: Case Reports in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458837/acute-intestinal-obstruction-due-to-metastatic-lung-cancer-case-report
#11
Jurij Janež
We present a case of male patient, who was referred to our department because of acute intestinal obstruction, which was the initial clinical symptom of primary lung cancer. The abdominal computed tomography (CT) prior to the emergency operation showed small intestinal obstruction and metastases to both adrenal glands. The patient underwent an emergency abdominal exploratory laparotomy, that confirmed small bowel obstruction and diffuse metastatic lesions along the entire small bowel length. During the operation we took a sample of one metastasis for pathological examination and we created an intestinal bypass to relieve small bowel obstruction...
February 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451475/an-unusual-cause-of-small-bowel-obstruction-a-case-report
#12
Sundaramurthi Sudharsanan, T P Elamurugan, Chellappa Vijayakumar, Kumar Rajnish, Sadasivan Jagdish
Small bowel obstruction is a common surgical emergency. The common causes are adhesions, malignancies, and hernias. We present a rare case of small intestinal obstruction caused by an enterolith in the distal ileum in a patient with an apparently normal gut.  A 59-year-old male who underwent gastrojejunostomy 15 years back presented with features of intestinal obstruction of five days' duration. After initial conservative management, the patient was taken up for laparotomy. An enterolith causing obstruction was found in the distal ileum, and it was crushed and milked into the colon...
March 26, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445255/peutz-jeghers-syndrome-with-intermittent-upper-intestinal-obstruction-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#13
Shou-Xing Duan, Guang-Huan Wang, Jun Zhong, Wen-Hui Ou, Ma-Xian Fu, Fu-Sheng Wang, Shu-Hua Ma, Jian-Hong Li
RATIONALE: Peutz-Jeghers syndrome (PJS) is an autosomal dominant genetic syndrome characterized by a unique type of gastrointestinal hamartomatous polyp associated with oral and anal mucocutaneous pigmentations. Peutz-Jeghers polyps occur most numerously in the small intestine but frequently in the colon and stomach, only a few cases have been reported in the duodenum. PATIENT CONCERN: A further family history survey discovered 10 out of 14 members of the family (in 4 generations) had mucocutaneous pigmentations, but many of them were living in rural areas where they had no access to specialized medical services, so none were checked with endoscopy for polyps of hamartoma...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438753/complicated-small-bowel-diverticular-disease-a-case-series
#14
Linden Karas, Mohammed Asif, Victor Chun, Farrukh A Khan
Small bowel diverticulosis of the jejunum and ileum is an uncommon finding with a prevalence rate of 0.2% to 1.3% at autopsy and 0.3% to 1.9% on small bowel studies. Diagnosis can be difficult because there are no pathognomonic features or clinical symptoms that are specific for small bowel diverticulosis. Though rare, it is critical to keep the possibility of small bowel diverticulosis in mind when evaluating cases of malabsorption, chronic abdominal pain, haemorrhage, perforation and intestinal obstruction, especially in patients with connective tissue disorders, a family history of diverticula and a personal history of colonic diverticulosis...
April 23, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431376/trichobezoar-presenting-as-a-gastric-outlet-obstruction-a-case-report
#15
Eugene Nwankwo, Edward Daniele, Erin Woller, John Fitzwater, Thomas McGill, Steven E Brooks
INTRODUCTION: Rapunzel syndrome is a rare intestinal condition that starts with the ingestion of a trichobezoar. The condition is predominately found in females and can be associated with trichotillomania, or the compulsive urge to pull one's own hair out. There are less than 40 cases described in the literature with the prevention of recurrence aimed at psychological treatment. PRESENTATION OF CASE: The patient is a 7 year-old girl with a history of trichotillomania with trichophagia as a young child who presented with abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting, consistent with a gastric outlet obstruction...
2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426721/diagnosis-treatment-and-prognosis-of-small-bowel-volvulus-in-adults-a-monocentric-summary-of-a-rare-small-intestinal-obstruction
#16
Xiaohang Li, Jialin Zhang, Baifeng Li, Dehui Yi, Chengshuo Zhang, Ning Sun, Wu Lv, Ao Jiao
OBJECTIVES: Small bowel volvulus is a rare disease, which is also challenging to diagnose. The aims of this study were to characterize the clinical and radiological features associated with small bowel volvulus and treatment and to identify risk factors for associated small bowel necrosis. METHODS: Patients with small bowel volvulus who underwent operations from January 2001 to December 2015 at the First Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University (Shenyang, China) were reviewed...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424736/a-case-of-xanthogranulomatous-pyelonephritis-associated-with-renoduodenal-fistula
#17
R Conor Holton-Burke, Mini Varughese
Xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis (XGP) is a rare form of pyelonephritis associated with repeated infection, chronic inflammation, and obstruction. Various fistulas, including those to the intestine, are a known association with XGP. Here, a 55-year-old woman with a history of multiple previous renal calculi presented with dysuria and back pain. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) revealed a soft tissue density in her renal pelvis and perirenal space consistent with XGP along with a tract connecting the upper pole of her right kidney to the second portion of the duodenum...
2017: Case Reports in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413844/organo-axial-volvulus-of-the-small-intestine-radiological-case-report-and-consideration-for-its-mechanism
#18
Toshitaka Ishiguro, Takashi Hiyama, Katsuhiro Nasu, Yoshimasa Akashi, Manabu Minami
Gastrointestinal volvulus is mainly classified into two subtypes, mesentero-axial volvulus and organo-axial volvulus. The detailed imaging findings of organo-axial volvulus of the small intestine have never been reported as far as we know. In this article, we report a case of organo-axial volvulus of the small intestine, focusing on the computed tomography (CT) findings. An 80-year-old man was radiologically diagnosed as having organo-axial volvulus of the terminal ileum and it was confirmed by open surgery without adhesion or any other anatomical abnormalities...
April 17, 2017: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408988/sutureless-functional-end-to-end-anastomosis-using-a-linear-stapler-with-polyglycolic-acid-felt-for-intestinal-anastomoses
#19
Masanori Naito, Hirohisa Miura, Takatoshi Nakamura, Takeo Sato, Takahiro Yamanashi, Atsuko Tsutsui, Masahiko Watanabe
BACKGROUND: Gastrointestinal anastomosis remains associated with a considerable burden of morbidity and, in some cases, mortality. Functional end-to-end anastomosis, whilst extremely efficient, is vulnerable to increased intestinal pressure in the immediate postoperative period, which may predispose to development of anastomotic leakage or bleeding. Therefore, there is a requirement for new techniques that facilitate safe and efficacious anastomotic procedures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study examined the clinical application of functional end-to-end anastomosis with a stapler that automatically applies a bioabsorbable polyglycolic acid sheet (Endo GIA™ Reinforced Reload with Tri-Staple™ Technology)...
May 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406887/hospitalizations-for-crohn-s-disease-united-states-2003-2013
#20
Christopher A Malarcher, Anne G Wheaton, Yong Liu, Sujay F Greenlund, Suraj J Greenlund, Hua Lu, Janet B Croft
In 2009, an estimated 565,000 Americans had Crohn's disease (1), an inflammatory bowel disorder that can affect any part of the gastrointestinal tract. Symptoms include persistent diarrhea, abdominal cramps and pain, constipation leading to bowel obstruction, and rectal bleeding.* Symptoms sometimes intensify in severity and require hospitalization and surgeries of the small intestine, colon, or rectum (2). Hospital discharge data from the National Inpatient Sample (NIS) of the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP) were used to estimate U...
April 14, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
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