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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915225/physical-activity-not-sedentary-time-predicts-dual-energy-x-ray-absorptiometry-measured-adiposity-age-5-to-19-years
#1
Kathleen F Janz, Piroska Boros, Elena M Letuchy, Soyang Kwon, Trudy L Burns, Steven M Levy
PURPOSE: To examine the associations among physical activity (PA), sedentary time (SED), and TV viewing (TV) with fat mass (FAT) and visceral adipose tissue mass (VAT) from childhood through adolescence (5-19 yr). METHODS: Participants in the Iowa Bone Development Study (n = 230 males and 233 females) were examined at ages 5, 8, 11, 13, 15, 17, and 19 yr. Accelerometers measured moderate- or vigorous-intensity PA (MVPA; min·d), light-intensity PA (LPA; min·d), and SED (h·d)...
October 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912411/-early-vats-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-surgery-was-effective-for-a-case-of-chylothorax-after-lung-cancer-excision
#2
Ken Takeuchi, Kazunori Kamiya, Akira Yoshizu
A 66-year-old man underwent a right upper lobectomy and lymph node dissection for lung cancer. We confirmed a milky white pleural effusion after diet initiation on the first postoperative day, and a chylothorax was diagnosed. The patient began a f at-restricted diet; however, the pleural effusion did not decrease. Therefore, we performed VATS(video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery)1 week after surgery with good results. Early VATS for a postoperative chylothorax was useful.
September 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912305/effects-of-liraglutide-on-weight-loss-fat-distribution-and-%C3%AE-cell-function-in-obese-subjects-with-prediabetes-or-early-type-2-diabetes
#3
Francesca Santilli, Paola G Simeone, Maria T Guagnano, Marika Leo, Marica T Maccarone, Augusto Di Castelnuovo, Cristina Sborgia, Riccardo C Bonadonna, Ermanno Angelucci, Virginia Federico, Stefano Cianfarani, Lamberto Manzoli, Giovanni Davì, Armando Tartaro, Agostino Consoli
OBJECTIVE: Obesity is associated with an increased risk of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular complications. The risk depends significantly on adipose tissue distribution. Liraglutide, a glucagon-like peptide 1 analog, is associated with weight loss, improved glycemic control, and reduced cardiovascular risk. We determined whether an equal degree of weight loss by liraglutide or lifestyle changes has a different impact on subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) and visceral adipose tissue (VAT) in obese subjects with prediabetes or early type 2 diabetes...
September 14, 2017: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895079/visceral-adipose-tissue-as-a-risk-factor-for-diabetes-mellitus-in-patients-with-chronic-pancreatitis-a-cross-sectional-observational-study
#4
K V S Hari Kumar, Rahul Sharma, Manish Manrai, A K Sood
INTRODUCTION: Visceral adipose tissue (VAT) is a risk factor for diabetes and we investigated the amount of VAT in patients with chronic pancreatitis (CP). METHODS: Serial patients with CP seen between January 2015 and June 2016 were included in this cross-sectional, observational study. The study population was divided into alcoholic CP (group 1; N = 67) and tropical CP (group 2; N = 35). VAT was estimated using bioelectric impedance analysis (BIA) and dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) methods...
September 11, 2017: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894290/association-of-proton-density-fat-fraction-in-adipose-tissue-with-imaging-based-and-anthropometric-obesity-markers-in-adults
#5
D Franz, D Weidlich, F Freitag, C Holzapfel, T Drabsch, T Baum, H Eggers, A Witte, E J Rummeny, H Hauner, D C Karampinos
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship of the proton density fat fraction (PDFF), measured by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), of supraclavicular and gluteal adipose tissue with subcutaneous and visceral adipose tissue (SAT and VAT) volumes, liver fat fraction and anthropometric obesity markers. The supraclavicular fossa was selected as a typical location where brown adipocytes may be present in humans and the gluteal region was selected as a typical location enclosing primarily white adipocytes...
August 14, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889136/electro-navigational-bronchoscopy-for-bilateral-peripheral-lung-lesions-a-case-report
#6
A H Faisal, A W Sopian, H Tidi
Electromagnetic navigational bronchoscopy (ENB), one of the methods of navigational bronchoscopy is an advanced diagnostic tool allowing tissue sampling at the lung peripheries which were previously accessible only by computed tomography (CT) guidance or video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS). We report a 53-year-old man who presented with a cough and dyspnea with constitutional symptoms for one month. CT thorax revealed multiple bilateral peripheral lung nodules and there were no endobronchial lesions on flexible bronchoscopy...
August 2017: Medical Journal of Malaysia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887474/body-fat-distribution-and-the-risk-of-incident-metabolic-syndrome-a-longitudinal-cohort-study
#7
Hyuktae Kwon, Donghee Kim, Joo Sung Kim
The effect of visceral adipose tissue (VAT) and subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) area on metabolic syndrome (MS) has been debated. We aimed to evaluate the effects of VAT and SAT on the incidence of MS and its components in a large and apparently healthy Asian population. We performed a longitudinal cohort study of 1,964 subjects who received health screenings over a 5-year follow-up period; 317 incidents of MS (16.1%) were observed during a median follow-up of 4.5 years. The VAT area was significantly associated with a higher incidence of MS; the adjusted HR for incident MS per 1 SD of VAT was 1...
September 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881942/ecomment-uniportal-vats-the-great-potential-of-the-technique
#8
Dania Nachira, Elisa Meacci, Maria Teresa Congedo, Stefano Margaritora
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874743/automated-analysis-of-liver-fat-muscle-and-adipose-tissue-distribution-from-ct-suitable-for-large-scale-studies
#9
Joel Kullberg, Anders Hedström, John Brandberg, Robin Strand, Lars Johansson, Göran Bergström, Håkan Ahlström
Computed Tomography (CT) allows detailed studies of body composition and its association with metabolic and cardiovascular disease. The purpose of this work was to develop and validate automated and manual image processing techniques for detailed and efficient analysis of body composition from CT data. The study comprised 107 subjects examined in the Swedish CArdioPulmonary BioImage Study (SCAPIS) using a 3-slice CT protocol covering liver, abdomen, and thighs. Algorithms were developed for automated assessment of liver attenuation, visceral (VAT) and subcutaneous (SAT) abdominal adipose tissue, thigh muscles, subcutaneous, subfascial (SFAT) and intermuscular adipose tissue...
September 5, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872098/is-a-diagnostic-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-thymectomy-an-acceptable-first-line-approach-to-the-suspicious-anterior-mediastinal-mass
#10
Ricky Vaja, Vijay Joshi, Alan G Dawson, David A Waller
INTRODUCTION: The incidental early-stage thymic mass presents a diagnostic challenge. Video-assisted thoracoscopic (VAT) thymectomy is an attractive but potentially morbid solution. The aim was to show it can be safely applied as a first-line modality in those with undiagnosed thymic enlargement with acceptable long-term results. METHODS: A total of 45 patients were identified (24 male, median age 52 interquartile range [IQR]: 41-66 years) in a 14-year experience who had CT evidence of an enlarged, possibly malignant thymic mass, but no tissue diagnosis before undertaking VAT thymectomy...
October 2017: Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866786/a-pitfall-of-thoracoscopic-thymectomy-a-case-with-intraoperative-and-postoperative-complications
#11
Motoki Yano, Hiroki Numanami, Masayuki Yamaji, Rumiko Taguchi, Chihiro Furuta, Masayuki Haniuda
We have reported the usefulness of the subxiphoid approach in thymectomy. However, such a new operation method may have unknown complications that rarely occur. Surgeons cannot completely avoid intraoperative and postoperative complications. We report a case of intraoperative injury of the orifice of the left internal thoracic vein flowing to the left brachiocephalic vein and postoperative pericarditis following video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) thymectomy. The innominate vein has been considered to be the vessel that is most frequently injured especially at the orifice of the thymic veins...
September 2, 2017: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861859/sodium-hydroxide-as-a-sclerosing-agent-in-patients-with-neoplastic-pleural-effusion-non-candidates-for-vats-results-of-a-minimally-invasive-protocol
#12
Micaela Raices, Matías E Czerwonko, Agustin Dietrich, Alejandro Da Lozzo, Enrique Beveraggi, David Smith
Symptomatic neoplastic pleural effusion (SNPE) is a significant cause of morbidity in patients with advanced neoplastic disease. These patients often present a deteriorated general condition which prevents them from undergoing pleurodesis with video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS). We developed a minimally invasive therapeutic protocol specially designed for this population, achieved by combining chemical pleurodesis with placement of small-bore pleural catheters (PC), which resulted in early hospital discharge, low morbimortality and good therapeutic results...
August 31, 2017: Updates in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861425/single-incision-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-evaluation-and-emergent-surgery-for-severe-lung-and-chest-wall-injury-after-thoracic-trauma-in-a-water-park
#13
Julio Sesma, Melodie Alvarez, Francisco Lirio, Carlos Galvez, Maria Galiana, Benno Baschwitz, Francisca Fornes, Sergio Bolufer
Thoracic trauma is a challenging situation with potential severe chest wall and intrathoracic organ injuries. We present a case of emergent surgery in a 23-year-old man with hemorrhagic shock due to massive lung and chest wall injury after thoracic trauma in a water slide. We performed a SI-VATS approach in order to define intrathoracic and chest wall injuries, and once checked the extension of the chest wall injury, we added a middle size thoracotomy just over the affected area in order to stabilize rib fractures with Judet plates, that had caused massive laceration in left lower lobe (LLL) and injured the pericardium causing myocardical tear...
August 2017: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860053/blood-brain-barrier-adapted-precision-medicine-therapy-for-pediatric-brain-tumors
#14
Bernard L Marini, Lydia L Benitez, Andrew H Zureick, Ralph Salloum, Angela C Gauthier, Julia Brown, Yi-Mi Wu, Dan R Robinson, Chandan Kumar, Robert Lonigro, Pankaj Vats, Xuhong Cao, Katayoon Kasaian, Bailey Anderson, Brendan Mullan, Benjamin Chandler, Joseph R Linzey, Sandra I Camelo-Piragua, Sriram Venneti, Paul E McKeever, Kathryn A McFadden, Andrew P Lieberman, Noah Brown, Lina Shao, Marcia A S Leonard, Larry Junck, Erin McKean, Cormac O Maher, Hugh J L Garton, Karin M Muraszko, Shawn Hervey-Jumper, Jean M Mulcahy-Levy, Adam Green, Lindsey M Hoffman, Katie Dorris, Nicholas A Vitanza, Joanne Wang, Jonathan Schwartz, Rishi Lulla, Natasha Pillay Smiley, Miriam Bornhorst, Daphne A Haas-Kogan, Patricia L Robertson, Arul M Chinnaiyan, Rajen Mody, Carl Koschmann
Targeted chemotherapeutics provide a promising new treatment option in neuro-oncology. The ability of these compounds to penetrate the blood-brain barrier is crucial for their successful incorporation into patient care. "CNS Targeted Agent Prediction" (CNS-TAP) is a multi-institutional and multidisciplinary translational program established at the University of Michigan for evaluating the central nervous system (CNS) activity of targeted therapies in neuro-oncology. In this report, we present the methodology of CNS-TAP in a series of pediatric and adolescent patients with high-risk brain tumors, for which molecular profiling (academic and commercial) was sought and targeted agents were incorporated...
October 2017: Translational Research: the Journal of Laboratory and Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858083/robotic-versus-thoracoscopic-lung-resection-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Alexander Emmert, Carmen Straube, Judith Buentzel, Christian Roever
BACKGROUND: Robotic video-assisted surgery (RVATS) has been reported to be equally effective to video-assisted surgery (VATS) in lung resection (pneumonectomy, lobectomy, and segmentectomy). Operation time, mortality, drainage duration, and length of hospitalization of patients undergoing either RVATS or VATS are compared in this meta-analysis. METHODS: A systematic research for articles meeting our inclusion criteria was performed using the PubMed database. Articles published from January 2011 to January 2016 were included...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857503/heme-biosynthetic-pathway-is-functionally-linked-to-adipogenesis-via-mitochondrial-respiratory-activity
#16
José María Moreno-Navarrete, Amaia Rodríguez, Francisco Ortega, Sara Becerril, Jordi Girones, Mònica Sabater-Masdeu, Jéssica Latorre, Wifredo Ricart, Gema Frühbeck, José Manuel Fernández-Real
OBJECTIVE: To investigate key enzymes of heme biosynthesis in human adipocytes and adipose tissue (AT). METHODS: Heme biosynthesis-related gene expression (ALAS1, ALAD, HMBS) was investigated in whole AT from humans (n = 178 and n = 75) and rats according to obesity status and during adipogenesis of human preadipocytes. The effects of aminotriazole (an ALAD inhibitor) and of ALAD knockdown were also studied. RESULTS: Consistent heme biosynthesis-related gene expression was detected in both subcutaneous AT (SAT) and visceral AT (VAT) and was significantly increased in SAT...
August 31, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856831/metachronous-solitary-mediastinal-lymph-node-metastases-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-treated-by-video-assisted-thoracic-surgery-twice-report-of-a-case
#17
Masatake Taniguchi, Masanobu Hyodo, Kenji Tezuka, Shoichi Shinohara, Hirofumi Hayashi, Yasuhiro Inoue, Hirotake Satoh, Munetoshi Tsukahara, Alan Kawarai Lefor, Masaki Okada, Yoshikazu Yasuda
Solitary mediastinal lymph node metastasis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is rare. We report a case of metachronically solitary mediastinal metastases of HCC treated by video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) twice. A 66-year-old man underwent repeated laparoscopic radiofrequency ablation or trans-arterial catheter chemo-embolization against HCC for more than 10 years. The level of alpha fetoprotein protein was elevated, and radiological modalities including FDG-PET revealed solitary mediastinal tumor metachronically...
August 30, 2017: Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856408/three-dimensional-ct-angiography-of-anatomic-variations-in-the-pulmonary-arterial-tree
#18
Alex Fourdrain, Florence De Dominicis, Chloé Blanchard, Jules Iquille, Sophie Lafitte, Pierre-Louis Beuvry, David Michel, Geoni Merlusca, Eric Havet, Pascal Berna
PURPOSE: Anatomic variations of the pulmonary arterial tree can cause technical difficulties during pulmonary lobectomy in general and video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS). Using CT angiography and 3D reconstruction, we sought to identify anatomic variations of the pulmonary arterial tree and assess their respective frequencies. METHODS: We retrospectively studied 88 pulmonary arterial trees in 44 patients having undergone VATS lobectomy for lung cancer over an 18-month period in Amiens University Hospital's Department of Thoracic Surgery...
August 30, 2017: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854409/spontaneous-regression-of-anterior-mediastinal-seminoma-with-normalization-of-%C3%AE-human-chorionic-gonadotropin-levels
#19
Zaiqiang Yu, Daisuke Kimura, Takao Tsushima, Ikuo Fukuda
INTRODUCTION: Although spontaneous regression (SR) of anterior mediastinal seminoma is very rare with normalization of β-human chorionic gonadotropin (β-hCG) level, video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) is the most effective solution for definite diagnosis of indeterminate anterior mediastinal masses. DIAGNOSIS, THERAPEUTIC INTERVENTIONS, AND OUTCOMES: A rare case of an asymptomatic 37-year-old man with an anterior mediastinal mass that was detected on a routine chest X-ray is presented...
August 24, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852294/a-spilt-head-study-of-efficacy-of-placebo-versus-platelet-rich-plasma-injections-in-the-treatment-of-androgenic-alopecia
#20
Dilip Kachhawa, Gauri Vats, Durgesh Sonare, Pankaj Rao, Sandeep Khuraiya, Rohit Kataiya
BACKGROUND: Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is an autologous concentration of human platelets contained in a small volume of plasma with haemostatic and tissue repairing effects. Being enriched by various growth factors, PRP has become the focus of attention in numerous fields of medicine. Androgenic alopecia (AGA) is a common chronic hair loss disorder, characterised by progressive hair loss. Despite the therapeutic options available, there is low patient compliance and satisfaction rate...
April 2017: Journal of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery
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