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Occipital Nerve Stimulation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176938/unilateral-occipital-nerve-stimulation-for-bilateral-occipital-neuralgia-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#1
Aijun Liu, Yongcheng Jiao, Huijun Ji, Zhiwen Zhang
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to present a case of successful relief of bilateral occipital neuralgia (ON) using unilateral occipital nerve stimulation (ONS) and to discuss the possible underlying mechanisms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We present the case of a 59-year-old female patient with severe bilateral ON treated with unilateral ONS. We systematically reviewed previous studies of ONS for ON, discussing the possible mechanisms of ONS in the relief of ON...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28175533/189%C3%A2-comparison-of-efficacy-of-tonic-and-burst-occipital-nerve-stimulation-in-treating-trigeminal-allodynia-chronic-result
#2
Shannon Wang Clark, Lalit Venkatesan, David Boorman, Nathan Fried, Michael Oshinsky, Ashwini Dayal Sharan, Melanie Elliott
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2016: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128461/cluster-headache-and-other-tacs-pathophysiology-and-neurostimulation-options
#3
Miguel Ja Láinez, Edelmira Guillamón
BACKGROUND: The trigeminal autonomic cephalalgias (TACs) are highly disabling primary headache disorders. There are several issues that remain unresolved in the understanding of the pathophysiology of the TACs, although activation of the trigeminal-autonomic reflex and ipsilateral hypothalamic activation both play a central role. The discovery of the central role of the hypothalamus led to its use as a therapeutic target. After the good results obtained with hypothalamic stimulation, other peripheral neuromodulation targets were tried in the management of refractory cluster headache (CH) and other TACs...
February 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072807/occipital-nerve-stimulation-for-refractory-chronic-migraine-results-of-a-long-term-prospective-study
#4
Dolores Rodrigo, Pilar Acin, Pedro Bermejo
BACKGROUND: Refractory chronic migraine affects approximately 4% of the population worldwide and results in severe pain, lifestyle limitations, and decreased quality of life. Occipital nerve stimulation (ONS) refers to the electric stimulation of the distal branches of greater and lesser occipital nerves; the surgical technique has previously been described and has demonstrated efficacy in the treatment of a wide variety of headache disorders. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to evaluate the long-term efficacy and tolerability of ONS for medically intractable chronic migraine...
January 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004273/occipital-nerve-field-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-normalizes-imbalance-between-pain-detecting-and-pain-inhibitory-pathways-in-fibromyalgia
#5
Dirk De Ridder, Sven Vanneste
Occipital nerve field (OCF) stimulation with subcutaneously implanted electrodes is used to treat headaches, more generalized pain, and even failed back surgery syndrome via unknown mechanisms. Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) can predict the efficacy of implanted electrodes. The purpose of this study is to unravel the neural mechanisms involved in global pain suppression, mediated by occipital nerve field stimulation, within the realm of fibromyalgia. Nineteen patients with fibromyalgia underwent a placebo-controlled OCF tDCS...
December 21, 2016: Neurotherapeutics: the Journal of the American Society for Experimental NeuroTherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995704/treatment-of-intractable-chronic-cluster-headache-by-occipital-nerve-stimulation-a-cohort-of-51-patients
#6
S Miller, L Watkins, M Matharu
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Chronic cluster headache is a rare, highly disabling primary headache condition. When medically intractable, occipital nerve stimulation can offer effective treatment. Open-label series have provided data on small cohorts only. METHODS: We analyzed 51 subjects to evaluate the long-term outcomes of highly intractable chronic cluster headache with occipital nerve stimulation. Patients with intractable chronic cluster headache were implanted with occipital nerve stimulators during the period 2007-2014...
February 2017: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27786243/new-strategies-for-the-treatment-and-prevention-of-primary-headache-disorders
#7
REVIEW
Nathaniel M Schuster, Alan M Rapoport
The primary headache disorders, which include migraine, cluster headache and tension-type headache, are among the most common diseases and leading causes of disability worldwide. The available treatment options for primary headache disorders have unsatisfactory rates of efficacy, tolerability and patient adherence. In this Review, we discuss promising new approaches for the prevention of primary headache disorders, such as monoclonal antibodies targeting calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) or its receptor, and small-molecule CGRP receptor antagonists...
October 27, 2016: Nature Reviews. Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785033/vagus-nerve-stimulation-balanced-disrupted-default-mode-network-and-salience-network-in-a-postsurgical-epileptic-patient
#8
Kailiang Wang, Qi Chai, Hui Qiao, Jianguo Zhang, Tinghong Liu, Fangang Meng
INTRODUCTION: In recent years, treatment of intractable epilepsy has become more challenging, due to an increase in resistance to antiepileptic drugs, as well as diminished success following resection surgery. Here, we present the case of a 19-year old epileptic patient who received vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) following unsuccessful left parietal-occipital lesion-resection surgery, with results indicating an approximate 50% reduction in seizure frequency and a much longer seizure-free interictal phase...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779368/safety-and-efficacy-of-occipital-nerves-stimulation-for-the-treatment-of-chronic-migraines-randomized-double-blind-controlled-single-center-experience
#9
Nagy A Mekhail, Emad Estemalik, Gerges Azer, Kristina Davis, Stuart J Tepper
BACKGROUND: A recent multicenter study presented 52-week safety and efficacy results from an open-label extension of a randomized, sham-controlled trial for patients with chronic migraine (CM) undergoing peripheral nerve stimulation of the occipital nerves. We present the data from a single center of 20 patients enrolled at the Cleveland Clinic's Pain Management Department. METHODS: In this single center, 20 patients were implanted with a neurostimulation system, randomized to an active or control group for 12 weeks, and received open-label treatment for an additional 40 weeks...
October 25, 2016: Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27697849/occipital-nerve-stimulation-improves-the-quality-of-life-in-medically-intractable-chronic-cluster-headache-results-of-an-observational-prospective-study
#10
Denys Fontaine, Serge Blond, Christian Lucas, Jean Regis, Anne Donnet, Stéphane Derrey, Evelyne Guegan-Massardier, Bechir Jarraya, Bich Dang-Vu, Frederic Bourdain, Dominique Valade, Caroline Roos, Christèle Creach, Stéphan Chabardes, Pierric Giraud, Jimmy Voirin, Jocelyne Bloch, Alda Rocca, Sophie Colnat-Coulbois, Francois Caire, Coralie Roger, Sylvie Romettino, Michel Lanteri-Minet
BACKGROUND: Occipital nerve stimulation (ONS) has been proposed to treat chronic medically-intractable cluster headache (iCCH) in small series of cases without evaluation of its functional and emotional impacts. METHODS: We report the multidimensional outcome of a large observational study of iCCH patients, treated by ONS within a nationwide multidisciplinary network (https://clinicaltrials.gov NCT01842763), with a one-year follow-up. Prospective evaluation was performed before surgery, then three and 12 months after...
October 3, 2016: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27678260/invasive-and-non-invasive-electrical-pericranial-nerve-stimulation-for-the-treatment-of-chronic-primary-headaches
#11
REVIEW
Kevin D'Ostilio, Delphine Magis
Chronic primary headaches are widespread disorders which cause significant quality of life and socioprofessional impairment. Available pharmacological treatments have often a limited efficacy and/or can generate unbearable side effects. Electrical nerve stimulation is a well-known non-destructive method of pain modulation which has been recently applied to headache management. In this review, we summarise recent advances in invasive and non-invasive neurostimulation techniques targeting pericranial structures for the treatment of chronic primary headaches, chiefly migraine and cluster headache: occipital nerve, supraorbital nerve, vagus nerve, and sphenopalatine ganglion stimulations...
November 2016: Current Pain and Headache Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677650/inhibitory-effect-of-high-frequency-greater-occipital-nerve-electrical-stimulation-on-trigeminovascular-nociceptive-processing-in-rats
#12
Olga A Lyubashina, Sergey S Panteleev, Alexey Y Sokolov
Electrical stimulation of the greater occipital nerve (GON) has recently shown promise as an effective non-pharmacological prophylactic therapy for drug-resistant chronic primary headaches, but the neurobiological mechanisms underlying its anticephalgic action are not elucidated. Considering that the spinal trigeminal nucleus (STN) is a key segmental structure playing a prominent role in pathophysiology of headaches, in the present study we evaluated the effects of GON electrical stimulation on ongoing and evoked firing of the dura-sensitive STN neurons...
February 2017: Journal of Neural Transmission
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676670/occipital-neuromodulation-a-surgical-technique-with-reduced-complications
#13
Thomas P Pittelkow, Gabriel L Pagani-Estevez, Bradford Landry, Matthew J Pingree, Jason S Eldrige
BACKGROUND: Occipital neuromodulation is a promising treatment modality for refractory headache, but lead migration remains a frequent surgical complication. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective was to identify surgical techniques that may minimize adverse events, particularly lead migration. We hypothesized that a surgical technique employing 2-point anchoring of stimulator leads designed to provide a tension-relief loop and the use of ultrasound for lead placement would decrease the complication rate...
September 2016: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27546882/the-treatment-of-occipital-neuralgia-review-of-111-cases
#14
P-J Finiels, D Batifol
OBJECTIVE: To present the current treatment options for occipital neuralgia based on a retrospective series of 111 patients, who were offered one or more treatment methods, not mutually exclusive. METHODS: All patients, who previously had their diagnosis confirmed by undergoing an anesthetic nerve block (0.25mL bupivacaine/2mL cortivazol), were treated by radiofrequency denaturation in 78 cases, injection of botulinum toxin in 37 cases and implantation of a nerve stimulation system in 5 cases...
October 2016: Neuro-Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27524793/ventral-tegmental-area-deep-brain-stimulation-in-refractory-short-lasting-unilateral-neuralgiform-headache-attacks
#15
Sarah Miller, Harith Akram, Susie Lagrata, Marwan Hariz, Ludvic Zrinzo, Manjit Matharu
SEE LEONE AND PROIETTI CECCHINI DOI101093/AWW233 FOR A SCIENTIFIC COMMENTARY ON THIS ARTICLE: Short-lasting unilateral neuralgiform headache attacks are primary headache disorders characterized by short-lasting attacks of unilateral pain accompanied by autonomic features. A small minority are refractory to medical treatment. Neuroimaging studies have suggested a role of the posterior hypothalamic region in their pathogenesis. Previous case reports on deep brain stimulation of this region, now understood to be the ventral tegmental area, for this disorder are limited to a total of three patients...
October 2016: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27475100/long-term-outcomes-of-occipital-nerve-stimulation-for-chronic-migraine-a-cohort-of-53-patients
#16
Sarah Miller, Laurence Watkins, Manjit Matharu
BACKGROUND: Chronic migraine affects up to 2 % of the general population and has a substantial impact on sufferers. Occipital nerve stimulation has been investigated as a potentially effective treatment for refractory chronic migraine. Results from randomised controlled trials and open label studies have been inconclusive with little long-term data available. METHODS: The long-term efficacy, functional outcome and safety of occipital nerve stimulation was evaluated in an uncontrolled, open-label, prospective study of 53 intractable chronic migraine patients...
December 2016: Journal of Headache and Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27399468/189%C3%A2-comparison-of-efficacy-of-tonic-and-burst-occipital-nerve-stimulation-in-treating-trigeminal-allodynia-chronic-result
#17
Shannon Wang Clark, Lalit Venkatesan, David Boorman, Nathan Fried, Michael Oshinsky, Ashwini Dayal Sharan, Melanie Elliott
INTRODUCTION: Burst stimulation is a new paradigm that eliminates paresthesias typically observed with traditional tonic stimulation. We used a rodent model of episodic migraine to compare the efficacy of tonic and burst stimulation in treating trigeminal allodynia. METHODS: Twelve Sprague-Dawley rats with spontaneous trigeminal allodynia1 were implanted with miniaturized paddle leads over the occipital nerves, and the leads connected to a pulse generator located dorsally...
August 2016: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27399401/122%C3%A2-pulse-modulation-of-the-occipital-nerve-using-focused-high-intensity-ultrasound-improves-mechanical-thresholds-in-a-chronic-migraine-rat-model
#18
Ian Thomas Walling, Lucy Gee, Paul Neubauer, Lance Frith, Emery Williams, Clif Burdette, Julie G Pilitsis
INTRODUCTION: Chronic migraines (CM) afflict approximately 16.6% of adults and negatively impact quality of life. Furthermore, although some CM can be treated with steroids, occipital nerve block, radiofrequency therapy, or medical therapy, approximately 15% of patients remain refractory to treatment. We explore focused high-intensity ultrasound (HIU) as a therapy allowing for ablation or pulse modulation of the occipital nerve in a validated rodent model of CM. METHODS: Male Sprague-Dawley rats received inflammatory media via an epidural cannula over 3 weeks to induce a CM state...
August 2016: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27392465/brain-potential-changes-in-voluntary-and-passive-movements-in-humans-readiness-potential-and-reafferent-potentials
#19
EDITORIAL
Hans H Kornhuber, Lüder Deecke
A method of chronological data storage and reverse computation is described by which bio-electrical phenomena preceding 'spontaneous' events within the nervous system can be analysed if these events appear repeatedly and are capable of triggering a computer.Slow brain potentials accompanying voluntary and passive movements of the limbs were analysed by this method. These potentials were recorded from different points of the scalp from 12 healthy subjects in 94 experiments with more than 100 movements in each record...
July 2016: Pflügers Archiv: European Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27348915/-clinical-research-of-needle-pricking-therapy-for-functional-retrograde-ejaculatioin
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Dong Cheng, Lei Hu, Feng Xian, Jian Zhong, Yuejuan Zhang, Gangwei Wang, Jiyuan Ma, Hao Xu
OBJECTIVE: To observe the clinical effects of needle-pricking therapy, a newly medical and minimally invasive technique, for functional retrograde ejaculation and to explore its mechanism. Methods Thirty-six patients with functional retrograde ejaculation were randomly divided into an observation group(19 cases) and a control group(17 cases) In the observation group,needle-pricking therapy was used at Guanyuan(CV 4) and bilateral sacral plexus nerve,lumbar 1 nerve and greater occipital nerve stimulating points,once a week...
February 2016: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
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