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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148912/influence-of-different-restoration-techniques-on-fracture-resistance-of-root-filled-teeth-in-vitro-investigation
#1
M E Hshad, E E Dalkılıç, G C Ozturk, I Dogruer, F Koray
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the fracture strength of endodontically treated mandibular premolar teeth restored with composites and different reinforcement techniques. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Forty-eight freshly extracted human mandibular premolar teeth were randomly divided into four groups: group IN, group CR, group FRC, and group PRF. Group IN consisted of teeth with intact crowns and served as the control group. In the other three groups, endodontic treatment was performed and standard mesio-occluso-distal (MOD) cavities were prepared...
November 17, 2017: Operative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134118/an-overview-of-platelet-products-prp-prgf-prf-etc-in-the-iranian-studies
#2
REVIEW
Seyed Ahmad Raeissadat, Marzieh Babaee, Seyed Mansour Rayegani, Zahra Hashemi, Amir Ali Hamidieh, Parviz Mojgani, Hossein Fouladi Vanda
Aim: The aim of the study was to carry out a review of published studies on various platelet products in Iranian studies. Materials & methods: Electronic databases were searched for relevant articles. Two review authors independently extracted data via a tested extraction sheet, and disagreements were resolved by a meeting with a third review author. Results: Bone disorders (25%), wound and fistula (16%), dental and gingival disorders (14%) and osteoarthritis (11%) have more relative frequency based on different fields...
November 2017: Future Science OA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132241/rectovaginal-fistula-following-surgery-for-deep-infiltrating-endometriosis-does-lesion-size-matter
#3
Yunxi Zheng, Ning Zhang, Weiqi Lu, Liang Zhang, Shouxin Gu, Ying Zhang, Xiaofang Yi, Keqin Hua
Objective This study was performed to identify risk factors for postoperative rectovaginal fistula (PRF) in patients with deep infiltrating endometriosis (DIE). Methods Data were retrospectively obtained from the medical records of 104 patients with DIE, and statistical analysis was used to detect risk factors for PRF. Results Five of 104 (4.8%) patients developed PRF from 5 to 16 days postoperatively. The operative procedures included 84 (80.8%) superficial excisions, 6 (5.8%) full-thickness disc excisions, and 14 (13...
September 26, 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116759/selective-binding-to-mrna-duplex-regions-by-chemically-modified-pnas-stimulates-ribosomal-frameshifting
#4
Ru Ying Puah, Huan Jia, Manikantha Maraswami, Desiree-Faye Kaixin Toh, Rya Ero, Lixia Yang, Kiran M Patil, Alan Ann Lerk Ong, Manchugondanahalli S Krishna, Ruimin Sun, Cailing Tong, Mei Huang, Xin Chen, Teck-Peng Loh, Yonggui Gao, Ding Xiang Liu, Gang Chen
Minus-one programmed ribosomal frameshifting (-1 PRF) allows the precise maintenance of the ratio between viral proteins, and is involved in the regulation of the half-lives of cellular mRNAs. Minus-one ribosomal frameshifting (-1 RF) is activated by several stimulatory elements such as a heptameric slippery sequence (X XXY YYZ) and an mRNA secondary structure (hairpin or pseudoknot) that is positioned 2-8 nucleotides downstream from the slippery site. Upon -1 RF, the ribosomal reading frame is shifted from the normal zero frame to the -1 frame with the heptameric slippery sequence decoded as XXX YYY Z instead of X XXY YYZ...
November 8, 2017: Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113314/glypican-3-induces-oncogenicity-by-preventing-igf-1r-degradation-a-process-that-can-be-blocked-by-grb10
#5
Wei Cheng, Po-Chun Huang, Hsiao-Mei Chao, Yung-Ming Jeng, Hey-Chi Hsu, Hung-Wei Pan, Wuh-Liang Hwu, Yu-May Lee
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common primary liver malignancy and is a major cause of cancer-related death worldwide. Previously, we demonstrated that glypican-3 (GPC3) is highly expressed in HCC, and that GPC3 induces oncogenicity and promotes the growth of cancer cells through IGF-1 receptor (IGF-1R). In the present study, we investigated the mechanisms of GPC3-mediated enhancement of IGF-1R signaling. We demonstrated that GPC3 decreased IGF-1-induced IGF-1R ubiquitination and degradation and increased c-Myc protein levels...
October 6, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105598/parental-reflective-functioning-and-executive-functioning-in-mothers-with-substance-use-disorder
#6
Ulrika Håkansson, Kerstin Söderström, Reidulf Watten, Finn Skårderud, Merete Glenne Øie
Having a substance use disorder (SUD) may adversely affect caregiving capacities. Reflective functioning (RF) and executive functioning (EF) are both important capacities for sensitive parenting, and are often impaired in a SUD. Only a few studies have explored the possible association between the two phenomena. In this study, we used a neuropsychological test battery to assess EF, and the Parent Development Interview to assess RF in a sample of mothers with a SUD (N = 43). Although parental RF (PRF) was associated with EF, when controlled for intelligence (IQ) and mental health, there was no significant association between EF and PRF...
November 6, 2017: Attachment & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089199/microrna-27a-3p-affects-estradiol-and-androgen-imbalance-by-targeting-creb1-in-the-granulosa-cells-in-mouse-polycytic-ovary-syndrome-model
#7
Mingming Wang, Mei Liu, Jing Sun, Lina Jia, Shuoqian Ma, Jun Gao, Yunyun Xu, Hongwen Zhang, Suk Ying Tsang, Xiangdong Li
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrine abnormality in women characterized by a menstrual disturbance with chronic anovulation and hyperandrogenism, polycystic ovaries, and insulin resistance. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are important fine-tune regulators involved in various physiological and pathological processes, but their actions are not fully understood. In this study, we observed the increased expression of miR-27a-3p in the ovaries of mice with PCOS and explored its functions in primary mouse granulosa cells (mGCs) and the mouse granulosa-like tumor cell line, KK-1, using several approaches...
October 28, 2017: Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079056/large-periapical-or-cystic-lesions-in-association-with-roots-having-open-apices-managed-nonsurgically-using-1-step-apexification-based-on-platelet-rich-fibrin-matrix-and-biodentine-apical-barrier-a-case-series
#8
Sarang Sharma, Vivek Sharma, Deepak Passi, Dhirendra Srivastava, Shibani Grover, Shubha Ranjan Dutta
Teeth having open apices in the absence of a natural apical constriction pose several challenges during conventional endodontic treatment, especially when establishing an apical seal. Treatment is further challenging when these teeth are associated with large periapical or cystic lesions having resulted in expansion and/or thinning of adjacent cortical plates. Although surgical intervention is commonly adopted in the management of such cases, a conservative treatment option offering equally good prognosis is always desirable...
October 24, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075359/silencing-hoxd10-by-promoter-region-hypermethylation-activates-erk-signaling-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#9
Yulin Guo, Yaojun Peng, Dan Gao, Meiying Zhang, Weili Yang, Enqiang Linghu, James G Herman, François Fuks, Guanglong Dong, Mingzhou Guo
BACKGROUND: Hepatocellular carcinoma is the fifth most common malignancy and the third leading cause of cancer-related death worldwide. Dysregulation of HomeoboxD10 (HOXD10) was found to suppress or promote cancer progression in different cancer types. The function and regulation of HOXD10 remain unclear in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: Primary HCC samples (117), normal liver tissue samples (15), and 13 HCC cell lines (SNU182, SNU449, HBXF344, SMMC7721, Huh7, HepG2, LM3, PLC/PRF/5, BEL7402, SNU387, SNU475, QGY7703, and Huh1) were included in this study...
2017: Clinical Epigenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074938/label-free-analysis-of-the-characteristics-of-a-single-cell-trapped-by-acoustic-tweezers
#10
Min Gon Kim, Jinhyoung Park, Hae Gyun Lim, Sangpil Yoon, Changyang Lee, Jin Ho Chang, K Kirk Shung
Single-cell analysis is essential to understand the physical and functional characteristics of cells. The basic knowledge of these characteristics is important to elucidate the unique features of various cells and causative factors of diseases and determine the most effective treatments for diseases. Recently, acoustic tweezers based on tightly focused ultrasound microbeam have attracted considerable attention owing to their capability to grab and separate a single cell from a heterogeneous cell sample and to measure its physical cell properties...
October 26, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072215/modified-lateral-positioned-flap-with-platelet-rich-fibrin-graft-for-treatment-of-denuded-root-surfaces-a-clinical-study
#11
Abhishek Ashok Kurdukar, Priyanka Abhishek Kurdukar, Nitin Hemchandra Dani
BACKGROUND: Root coverage (RC) procedures such as lateral positioned flap (LPF) have been used since long time but with limited success and specific indications. AIM: This prospective clinical study was designed to evaluate clinically the effect of modified LPF (mLPF) with platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) graft for the treatment of denuded root surfaces. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifteen isolated Miller's Class I and II gingival recession of single-rooted teeth were selected for the study...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071440/reduction-of-the-relative-centrifugal-force-influences-cell-number-and-growth-factor-release-within-injectable-prf-based-matrices
#12
Simon Wend, Alica Kubesch, Anna Orlowska, Sarah Al-Maawi, Niklas Zender, Andre Dias, Richard J Miron, Robert Sader, Patrick Booms, C James Kirkpatrick, Joseph Choukroun, Shahram Ghanaati
Platelet rich fibrin (PRF) is a blood concentrate system obtained by centrifugation of peripheral blood. First PRF matrices exhibited solid fibrin scaffold, more recently liquid PRF-based matrix was developed by reducing the relative centrifugation force and time. The aim of this study was to systematically evaluate the influence of RCF (relative centrifugal force) on cell types and growth factor release within injectable PRF- in the range of 60-966 g using consistent centrifugation time. Numbers of cells was analyzed using automated cell counting (platelets, leukocytes, neutrophils, lymphocytes and monocytes) and histomorphometrically (CD 61, CD- 45, CD-15+, CD-68+, CD-3+ and CD-20)...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058084/clinical-evaluation-of-coronally-advanced-flap-with-or-without-platelet-rich-fibrin-for-the-treatment-of-multiple-gingival-recessions
#13
Samed Kuka, Sebnem Dirikan Ipci, Gokser Cakar, Selcuk Yılmaz
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this randomized, controlled study was to assess the clinical effect of platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) in combination with coronally advanced flap (CAF) on root coverage, esthetics, and patient satisfaction when compared to CAF alone for the treatment of multiple Miller class I recessions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 24 patients with 52 Miller class I multiple recessions ≥ 3 mm were included and divided into CAF + PRF and CAF groups. At baseline and 12 months after surgery, recession height (RH), keratinized tissue height, gingival thickness (GT), and mean and complete defect coverage were evaluated...
October 20, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055152/predominance-of-regorafenib-over-sorafenib-restoration-of-membrane-bound-mica-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma-cells
#14
Jun Arai, Kaku Goto, Anthony Stephanou, Yasushi Tanoue, Sayaka Ito, Ryosuke Muroyama, Yasuo Matsubara, Ryo Nakagawa, Sayuri Morimoto, Yoshimi Kaise, Lay Ahyoung Lim, Hitoshi Yoshida, Naoya Kato
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The multi-kinase inhibitor regorafenib (REG) was recently demonstrated to be effective in patients with sorafenib (SOR)-resistant hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Interestingly, SOR is known to enhance the accumulation of membrane-bound MHC class I polypeptide-related sequence A (mMICA) in HCC cells, and to block production of soluble MICA (sMICA), an immunological decoy. In addition, MICA is associated with HCC in patients with chronic hepatitis C. We have now compared the impact of REG and SOR on MICA in HCC cells, as well as the immunotherapeutic implications thereof...
October 21, 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048654/telmisartan-inhibits-hepatocellular-carcinoma-cell-proliferation-in-vitro-by-inducing-cell-cycle-arrest
#15
Kyoko Oura, Tomoko Tadokoro, Shintaro Fujihara, Asahiro Morishita, Taiga Chiyo, Eri Samukawa, Yoshimi Yamana, Koji Fujita, Teppei Sakamoto, Takako Nomura, Hirohito Yoneyama, Hideki Kobara, Hirohito Mori, Hisakazu Iwama, Keiichi Okano, Yasuyuki Suzuki, Tsutomu Masaki
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common primary malignancy of the liver and the third leading cause of cancer-related death. Telmisartan, a widely used antihypertensive drug, is an angiotensin II type 1 (AT1) receptor blocker (ARB) that might inhibit cancer cell proliferation, but the mechanisms through which telmisartan affects various cancers remain unknown. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of telmisartan on human HCC and to assess the expression of microRNAs (miRNAs). We studied the effects of telmisartan on HCC cells using the HLF, HLE, HepG2, HuH-7 and PLC/PRF/5 cell lines...
September 20, 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042736/multiple-gingival-recession-coverage-treated-with-vestibular-incision-subperiosteal-tunnel-access-approach-with-or-without-platelet-rich-fibrin-a-case-series
#16
Surbhi Garg, Sachit Anand Arora, Shivjot Chhina, Padam Singh
BACKGROUND: Gingival recession involves both soft tissue and hard tissue loss. In this evolutionary era of dentistry, newer techniques have evolved for complete coverage of isolated recession defects. Since 2012, vestibular incision subperiosteal tunnel access (VISTA) technique was used with various regenerative membranes to treat multiple recession defects (MRDs). Platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) membrane, a pool of growth factors but have any added advantage to recession coverage techniques is controversial...
July 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041385/mode-suppression-of-53-db-and-pulse-repetition-rates-of-2-87-and-36-4-ghz-in-a-compact-mode-locked-fiber-laser-comprising-coupled-fabry-perot-cavities-of-low-finesse-f-2
#17
H Cheng, Y Zhou, A E Mironov, W Wang, T Qiao, W Lin, Q Qian, S Xu, Z Yang, J G Eden
Multiplication of the pulse repetition frequency (PRF) of a compact, mode-locked fiber laser by a factor as large as 25 has been achieved with two coupled Fabry-Perot (FP) resonators of low finesse (F = 2). Reducing the FP finesse by at least two orders of magnitude, relative to previous pulse frequency multiplication architectures, has the effect of stabilizing the oscillator with respect to pulse-to-pulse amplitude, dropped pulses, and other effects of cavity detuning. Coupling two Fabry-Perot cavities, each encompassing a 3...
October 2, 2017: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040901/high-efficiency-stratification-of-apple-cultivar-ligol-seed-dormancy-by-phytohormones-heat-shock-and-pulsed-radio-frequency
#18
Mieczysław Grzesik, Krzysztof Górnik, Regina Janas, Mariusz Lewandowki, Zdzislawa Romanowska-Duda, Bert van Duijn
The aim of the study was to improve the effect of stratification of apple "Ligol" seeds by application of selected compounds, phytohormones, and physical methods For this purpose the seeds were stratified at 3°C in distilled water or in the presence of potassium nitrate (KNO3), ethephon (ET), carbon monoxide (CO), hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), a mixture of KNO3, ET, CO, H2O2, gibberellins (GA3), 6-benzylaminopurine (BAP), jasmonic acid (JA), salicylic acid (SA) and a mixture of SA, GA3, BAP, JA, nitric oxide (NO), hydrogen chloride (HCL)...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037743/the-effect-of-platelet-rich-fibrin-on-autologous-osteochondral-transplantation-an-in-vivo-porcine-model
#19
S Y Sheu, C H Wang, Y H Pao, Y T Fu, C H Liu, C H Yao, T F Kuo
BACKGROUND: This work aimed to evaluate the efficacy of cartilage transplantation to the medial femoral condyle±platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) augmentation in a porcine model. The hypothesis of the study was that PRF may act as a bioactive cell scaffold to fill defects and enhance cartilage regeneration. METHODS: Thirty-two knees of 16 miniature pigs were randomly assigned to four groups. The critical-size osteochondral defects (8x5mm) in femoral condyle of both knees were treated with one of the following: group 1-untreated controls; group 2-cartilage fragments alone; group 3-PRF alone; group 4-PRFT+cartilage fragments...
October 13, 2017: Knee
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037253/asxl-gain-of-function-truncation-mutants-defective-and-dysregulated-forms-of-a-natural-ribosomal-frameshifting-product
#20
Adam M Dinan, John F Atkins, Andrew E Firth
BACKGROUND: Programmed ribosomal frameshifting (PRF) is a gene expression mechanism which enables the translation of two N-terminally coincident, C-terminally distinct protein products from a single mRNA. Many viruses utilize PRF to control or regulate gene expression, but very few phylogenetically conserved examples are known in vertebrate genes. Additional sex combs-like (ASXL) genes 1 and 2 encode important epigenetic and transcriptional regulatory proteins that control the expression of homeotic genes during key developmental stages...
October 16, 2017: Biology Direct
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