keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Approach to a neck mass

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335228/irreversible-electroporation-for-locally-advanced-pancreatic-cancer-through-a-minimally-invasive-surgery-supported-by-laparoscopic-ultrasound
#1
Ernesto Tartaglia, Massimiliano Fabozzi, Antonia Rizzuto, Anna Settembre, Roberta Abete, Ludovica Guerriero, Pasqualino Favoriti, Diego Cuccurullo, Francesco Corcione
INTRODUCTION: Pancreatic cancer is one of the most lethal cancers worldwide, with 5-years survival rate as low as 6%. The majority of pancreatic cancer patients present locally advanced or metastatic disease at diagnosis. Typically, patients affected by locally advanced pancreatic cancer (LAPC) do not undergo radical surgery but are treated with focal ablative therapies. However, a high rate of morbidity due to the heat sink effect has limited the application of ablative techniques on a routine basis in LAPC patients...
December 28, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334520/invited-commentary-evaluation-of-horner-syndrome-in-the-mri-era
#2
Aki Kawasaki
This Invited Commentary discusses the following article: BACKGROUND:: To identify the etiologies of adult Horner syndrome (HS) in the MRI era using a targeted evaluation approach and to assess the value and yield of targeted imaging. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed of 200 adult outpatients with HS, confirmed with cocaine eyedrop testing. Patients were divided into subgroups based on the presence or absence of symptoms and those who did or did not receive additional testing with hydroxyamphetamine drops...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology: the Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327560/-research-progress-on-reatment-of-unstable-atlas-fracture-with-single-segment-fixation-by-transoral-approach
#3
REVIEW
Li-Ran Wang, Liu-Jun Zhao, Wei-Hu Ma
As a common type of fracture in cervical, atlas fracture is frequently unstable due to its special anatomical structure. In a previous treatment, external fixation was likely to bring low bony union rate and long-term neck pain, while occipito-cervical fusion and atlantoaxial fusion sacrifice range of motion in cervical spine. Reduction and single section fixation of atlas by anterior lateral mass screws through the transoral approach were reported by some scholars, and the retrospective study demonstrated the high healing rate, reservation of cervical ROM and less bleeding...
January 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29312764/ectopic-thymoma-managed-by-neck-dissection-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-thymectomy
#4
John K Peel, Eitan Prisman, Tony L Ng, Anna L McGuire
Ectopic thymoma in the neck is a rare phenomenon, with fewer than 20 cases reported worldwide. Evidence for management of ectopic thymoma comes from literature for mediastinal thymoma despite clinical features that distinguish the two. Here we present a case of a 31-year-old female with an asymptomatic neck mass who was found to have an ectopic cervical thymoma with concomitant mediastinal thymic hyperplasia. The decision was made to perform a left-sided neck dissection and a video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) thymectomy...
December 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310495/outcome-of-carotid-and-subclavian-blowout-syndrome-in-patients-with-pharynx-and-larynx-carcinoma-passing-a-standardized-multidisciplinary-treatment
#5
Constanze Gahleitner, Benedikt Hofauer, Katharina Storck, Andreas Knopf
BACKGROUND: Carotid blowout syndrome (CBS) is one of the most feared emergencies in the head and neck surgery and tends to occur in patients with head and neck cancer, wound complications, pharyngocutaneous fistulas, or after radio(chemo)therapy. CBS is always life threatening and associated with a 50% mortality/morbidity rate. METHODS: Between 2007 and 2015, a total of 51 patients who developed CBS caused by the tumour masses or after radio(chemo)therapy were included...
January 8, 2018: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307098/a-single-incision-thoracoscopic-and-robotic-hybrid-procedure-via-the-axillary-approach-in-a-patient-with-thyroid-lung-and-mediastinal-tumors
#6
Norihiko Ishikawa, Yumiko Ohtake, Go Watanabe
A 66-year-old woman was referred to our institute for an enlarging tumor of the thyroid, and neck and chest computed tomography scan showed not only a thyroid tumor, but also an anterior mediastinal tumor and ground-glass nodules in the lung. Because of persisting symptoms, an enlarging thyroid mass, and the possibility of cancer, excision of the tumors was proposed. A 6-cm-long vertical skin incision was made in the right axilla, a mini-thoracotomy was made in the third intercostal space, and an additional port was placed in the fifth intercostal space...
January 6, 2018: Journal of Robotic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285408/a-technique-for-sequential-progressive-clipping-for-a-giant-thrombosed-distal-anterior-cerebral-artery-aneurysm-technical-note
#7
Yosuke Sato, Madjid Samii
Background: Giant thrombosed aneurysms often present with thickened walls and a hard thrombus, including in the near-neck aneurysmal sac. These usually make it difficult to achieve complete neck clipping with preservation of local branch patency. Here, we demonstrate a simple but safe and effective technique to overcome these problems in a patient with a 6-cm giant thrombosed distal anterior cerebral artery aneurysm. Case Description: A 77-year-old-man suffered from loss of volitional activity due to the frontal mass effect...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249023/cortical-fractal-analysis-and-collagen-crosslinks-content-in-femoral-neck-after-osteoporotic-fracture-in-postmenopausal-women-comparison-with-osteoarthritis
#8
Gustavo Davi Rabelo, Jean-Paul Roux, Nathalie Portero-Muzy, Evelyne Gineyts, Roland Chapurlat, Pascale Chavassieux
The femoral neck (FN) has been previously characterized by thinner cortices in osteoporotic fracture (HF) when compared to hip osteoarthritis (HOA). The purposes of this study were to complete the previous investigations on FNs from HF and HOA by analyzing the complexity of the cortical structure and to approach the intrinsic properties of cortical bone by assessing the collagen crosslink contents. FN samples were obtained during arthroplasty in 35 postmenopausal women (HF; n = 17; mean age 79 ± 2 years; HOA; n = 18; mean age 66 ± 2 years)...
December 16, 2017: Calcified Tissue International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242360/imaging-of-anaplastic-thyroid-carcinoma
#9
S Ahmed, M P Ghazarian, M E Cabanillas, M E Zafereo, M D Williams, T Vu, D F Schomer, J M Debnam
Anaplastic thyroid carcinoma is fatal if unresectable. However, improved survival has been reported after gross total resection and multimodality therapy. In this report, we describe the contrast-enhanced high-resolution CT characteristics of anaplastic thyroid carcinoma in 57 patients. Anaplastic thyroid carcinoma presented as a large neck mass with necrosis in 82% of cases. The tumors demonstrated common extrathyroidal extension (91%). Sixty-two percent of tumors demonstrated calcification. Visceral space invasion involved the esophagus (62%), trachea (57%), and larynx (29%)...
December 14, 2017: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239188/-evaluation-of-inflammatory-cells-tumor-infiltrating-lymphocytes-in-solid-tumors
#10
P Dundr, K Němejcová, M Bártů, R Matěj, Z Rohan, I Tichá
BACKGROUND: The tumor microenvironment plays an important role in tumorigenesis and the tumor-host relationship. An important part of the tumor microenvironment is inflammatory infiltration. Its evaluation in solid tumors has prognostic meaning and appears also to be predictive of outcome, which is particularly important for predicting responses to immune checkpoint inhibitors. However, the methodology used to assess inflammatory infiltration is problematic, because it has been standardized only for certain types of tumors...
2017: Klinická Onkologie: Casopis Ceské a Slovenské Onkologické Spolecnosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238099/8-f-balloon-guide-catheter-for-embolization-of-anterior-circulation-aneurysms-an-institutional-experience-in-152-patients
#11
Tomotaka Ohshima, Chinmaya Dash, Andrey Belayev, Taiki Yamamoto, Shunsaku Goto, Yoko Kato
The use of 8-F balloon guide catheter (BGC) for proximal flow control was previously shown to prevent distal embolic complications during mechanical clot retrieval in patients with acute ischemic stroke. In this retrospective study, the utility of 8-F BGCs for proximal flow control during endovascular coiling of anterior circulation aneurysms was investigated. Patients who underwent endovascular coiling for anterior circulation aneurysms between August 2013 and December 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. Among a total of 152 patients included in this series, 64 patients presented with aneurysmal rupture, whereas the aneurysms were detected incidentally or due to mass effects in the remaining patients...
November 2017: Nagoya Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234733/late-sterile-abscess-formation-in-carotid-endarterectomy-following-use-of-bioglue-a-word-of-caution
#12
A Singh, M Wyatt, M Clarke, L Wales
Introduction: BioGlue (CryoLife Inc., Kennesaw, GA) is a commonly used surgical adhesive, designed to achieve haemostasis following large vessel cardiovascular operations. Report: An 88-year-old female presents with an enlarging right sided neck mass 9 months after carotid endarterectomy with bovine pericardial patch repair which utilised BioGlue seal the patch suture line. Conclusion: BioGlue should be used properly and with caution. In cases of late wound complication following BioGlue use, simple drainage, debridement, and removal of BioGlue remnants may be a satisfactory approach...
2017: EJVES Short Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232479/metabolomic-pathways-to-osteoporosis-in-middle-aged-women-a-genome-metabolome-wide-mendelian-randomization-study
#13
Alireza Moayyeri, Ching-Lung Cheung, Kathryn Cb Tan, John A Morris, Agustin Cerani, Robert P Mohney, J Brent Richard, Christopher Hammond, Tim D Spector, Cristina Menni
The metabolic state of the body can be a major determinant of bone health. We used a Mendelian Randomization approach to identify metabolites causally associated with bone mass to better understand the biological mechanisms of osteoporosis. We tested bone phenotypes (femoral neck, total hip, and lumbar spine BMD) for association with 280 fasting blood metabolites in 6055 women from TwinsUK cohort with genome-wide genotyping scans. Causal associations between metabolites and bone phenotypes were further assessed in a bidirectional Mendelian Randomization study using genetic markers/scores as instrumental variables...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216684/the-impact-of-corynebacterium-glucuronolyticum-on-semen-parameters-a-prospective-pre-post-treatment-study
#14
T Meštrović, B Bedenić, J Wilson, S Ljubin-Sternak, M Sviben, M Neuberg, R Ribić, G Kozina, Z Profozić
Corynebacterium glucuronolyticum (C. glucuronolyticum) is a rare isolate that is only recently being acknowledged as a potential urogenital pathogen. The bibliographical references on this bacterial species are scarce, and its influence on all semen parameters was hitherto unknown - therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate its effects on a range of sperm quality parameters. A prospective approach to compare semen parameters before and after treatment was used in this study. C. glucuronolyticum in semen specimens was identified using analytical profile index biotyping system (API Coryne) and additionally confirmed by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass-spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS), with the determination of antimicrobial susceptibility by Kirby-Bauer method...
December 7, 2017: Andrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193950/-unicentric-castleman-s-disease-in-cervical-back-space-neck
#15
Jenny Chamorro-Oscullo, Fernando Robles-Ramírez, Jorge Valenzuela-Tamariz, Julián Antonio Sánchez-Cortázar, Guadalupe Gómez-Pérez
BACKGROUND: Castleman´s disease is a rare, benign condition of lymphoid tissue. There are two clinical types: unicentric and multicentric with three histological variants, hyaline-vascular, plasma celular and mixed. The most common sites of this are mediastinum, adbomen and neck. Magnetic resonance imaging is well suited to depict the characteristics of the masses and their relationship to adjacent structures. The knowledge of this disease and its inclusión in the differential diagnosis from other neck masses will contribute to the therapeutic approach...
September 2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183011/transoral-robotic-surgery-with-sialendoscopy-for-a-plunging-ranula
#16
Ryan M Carey, Benjamin L Hodnett, Christopher H Rassekh, Gregory S Weinstein
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Plunging ranulas are oral mucoceles that often cannot be visualized directly and thus can be challenging to diagnose and differentiate from other neck lesions. Surgery is the preferred treatment option, but the optimal approach requires careful consideration. METHODS: We report the case of a plunging ranula presenting as an isolated neck mass in a 33-year-old patient. This patient was treated with a novel transoral robotic surgery (TORS)-assisted approach aided by sialendoscopy...
November 29, 2017: ORL; Journal for Oto-rhino-laryngology and its related Specialties
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139089/cancer-stem-cells-in-head-and-neck-carcinomas-identification-and-possible-therapeutic-implications
#17
Elize Wolmarans, Sonja C Boy, Sulette Nel, Anne E Mercier, Michael Sean Pepper
The recurrence and/or lack of response of certain tumors to radio- and chemotherapy has been attributed to a small subpopulation of cells termed cancer stem cells (CSCs). CSCs have been identified in many tumors (including solid and hematological tumors). CSCs are characterized by their capacity for self-renewal, their ability to introduce heterogeneity within a tumor mass and its metastases, genomic instability, and their insensitivity to both radiation and chemotherapy. The latter highlights the clinical importance of studying this subpopulation since their resistance to traditional treatments may lead to metastatic disease and/or tumor relapse...
November 15, 2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130149/is-lipidomic-the-answer-to-the-search-of-a-biomarker-for-organ-preservation-protocol-in-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#18
Ana Carolina Laus, Ismael Dale Cotrim Guerreiro da Silva, Fernanda Bertuccez Cordeiro, Edson Guimarães Lo Turco, Luciano de Souza Viana, André Lopes Carvalho
In the last decade organ preservation protocols based on chemoradiotherapy (CRT) has been showing the possibility of preserving function without jeopardizing survival for locally advanced head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). Still, only a percentage of the patients will benefit from this approach and, to date, no biomarkers are known to correctly predict these patients. More recently, modern mass spectrometry method has been used to determine metabolic profiles, and lipidomics, in particular, emerged as a new field of study in oncology and other diseases...
November 13, 2017: Pathology Oncology Research: POR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111164/pretreatment-of-food-waste-for-methane-and-hydrogen-recovery-a-review
#19
REVIEW
Obulisamy Parthiba Karthikeyan, Eric Trably, Sanjeet Mehariya, Nicolas Bernet, Jonathan W C Wong, Hélène Carrere
Food waste (FW) management by biological process is more attractive and eco-friendly approach than thermo-chemical conversion or landfilling. However, FW composition and physico-chemical and biological characteristics affect the overall biological process in terms of product yield and degradation rate. To overcome this major bottle-neck, the pretreatment of FW is proposed. Therefore this review aims to provide a comprehensive summary of the importance of pretreatment of FW with respect to FW management by anaerobic digestion (AD) and dark fermentation (DF)...
September 20, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107950/a-new-method-to-determine-cortical-bone-thickness-in-ct-images-using-a-hybrid-approach-of-parametric-profile-representation-and-local-adaptive-thresholds-accuracy-results
#20
Oleg Museyko, Bastian Gerner, Klaus Engelke
MOTIVATION: Cortical bone is an important contributor to bone strength and is pivotal to understand the etiology of osteoporotic fractures and the specific mechanisms of antiosteoporotic treatment regimen. 3D computed tomography (CT) can be used to measure cortical thickness, density, and mass in the proximal femur, lumbar vertebrae, and distal forearm. However, the spatial resolution of clinical whole body CT scanners is limited by radiation exposure; partial volume artefacts severely impair the accurate assessment of cortical parameters, in particular in locations where the cortex is thin such as in the lumbar vertebral bodies or in the femoral neck...
2017: PloS One
keyword
keyword
23925
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"