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Cervix carcinoma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021820/introduction-of-p16-ink4a-as-a-surrogate-biomarker-for-hpv-in-women-with-invasive-cervical-cancer-in-sudan
#1
Hina Sarwath, Devendra Bansal, Nazik Elmalaika Husain, Mahmoud Mohamed, Ali A Sultan, Shahinaz Bedri
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is the fourth most common cancer in women worldwide with highest incidence reported in Eastern Africa in 2012. The primary goal of this study was to study the expression of p16(INK4a) in squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the cervix by immunohistochemistry (IHC) and determine relation with clinico-pathological parameters. This study further explored the correlation of p16(INK4a) immunostaining with another proliferation marker, Ki-67 and to study if human papillomavirus (HPV) IHC can be used as a marker for detection of virus in high-grade dysplasia...
2017: Infectious Agents and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020787/-carcinosarcoma-of-the-endometrium-with-melanocytic-differentiation-case-report
#2
D Berezovskiy, P Vlasák, J Kosťun, J Bouda, J Presl
OBJECTIVE: The case report presents a case of 60-year old woman with a rare malignant mixed Müllerian tumor with melanomatous differentiation diagnosed from a histology after cervical polyp ablation and curettage. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: Department of gynecology and obstetrics, University Hospital in Pilsen. CONCLUSION: Carcinosarcoma, previously malignant mixed Müllerian tumor, is a very rare aggressive endometrial carcinoma with low incidence, which typically occurs among older women and commonly affects the uterine body and cervix...
2017: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019326/epidemiology-and-outcomes-with-platinum-based-chemotherapy-in-recurrent-or-metastatic-carcinoma-cervix-in-a-developing-country-experience-from-a-tertiary-oncology-centre-in-southern-india
#3
K C Lakshmaiah, Aditi Harsh Thanky, D Lokanatha, K Govind Babu, Linu Jacob, Suresh Babu, A H Rudresha, K N Lokesh, L K Rajeev, Aparna Sridharmurthy
INTRODUCTION: Carcinoma cervix is the leading cause of cancer in Indian women. Recurrent/metastatic cervix is the most aggressive form of the disease. There is paucity of data in this setting in Indian women regarding outcomes with palliative chemotherapy. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed hospital registry data between January 2013 and December 2014 for recurrent/metastatic carcinoma cervix patients who were planned for palliative chemotherapy and assessed their demographic parameters, response and survival outcomes with chemotherapy...
September 2017: Gulf Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019325/ambiguity-of-whole-body-pet-ct-scans-in-diagnosis-of-co-existing-tuberculosis-and-malignancy-is-histopathological-confirmation-mandatory
#4
Prekshi Chaudhary, Sweety Gupta, Nitin Leekha, Ravi S Rajendra, Shiv S Mishra, Vandana Arora, Sudarsan De, Sandeep Agarwal
INTRODUCTION: Whole body PET CT is an important investigation tool in malignancy patients and helps in ascertaining the metabolic activity and exact stage of the disease. However, like any other investigation, false positive results do exist and certain diseases other than cancer may show increased uptake. Hence, a careful evaluation of PET CT and clinical correlation in malignancy patients is a must to accomplish the suitable treatment. METHODS: In this retrospective observational study, seven cases of cancer with concomitant tuberculosis were included...
September 2017: Gulf Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989927/metastatic-uterine-cancer-looking-as-cervical-fibroid-in-recurrent-breast-cancer-woman-a-case-report
#5
So Young Seo, Jin Yong Shin, Yong Il Ji
Metastasis to the female genital tract from extragenital primary cancer is uncommon. In this case, a 46-year-old woman was diagnosed with invasive lobular carcinoma of the left breast in 2011. She had left breast conserving surgery, chemotherapy, radiation, and hormonal therapy (gosereline and tamoxifen). However, she developed menorrhagia after interruption of hormonal therapy and incidentally, the ultrasonogram of her pelvis showed a solid, large mass in the cervix. It looked like leiomyoma. Because of massive vaginal bleeding requiring multiple blood transfusions, she underwent total hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy...
September 2017: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985196/inflammatory-stroma-of-lymphoepithelioma-like-carcinoma-of-the-cervix-immunohistochemical-study-of-3-cases-and-review-of-the-literature
#6
Amandine Philippe, Marc Rassy, Ligia Craciun, Céline Naveaux, Karen Willard-Gallo, Denis Larsimont, Isabelle Veys
The aim of this study was to characterize the inflammatory infiltrate of the lymphoepithelioma-like carcinoma, a variant of squamous cell carcinoma clinically associated with a good prognosis. Immunohistochemistry was used to characterize 3 cases of lymphoepithelioma-like carcinoma in the uterine cervix, diagnosed over a period of 3 yr. The patients were between 30 and 50 yr old. Their cervical smears had shown atypical squamous cells of unknown significance or high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions, and the initial cervical biopsy showed high-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN3) or squamous cell carcinoma...
August 1, 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984674/targeted-genomic-profiling-reveals-recurrent-kras-mutations-in-mesonephric-like-adenocarcinomas-of-the-female-genital-tract
#7
Jelena Mirkovic, Marie McFarland, Elizabeth Garcia, Lynette M Sholl, Neal Lindeman, Laura MacConaill, Fei Dong, Michelle Hirsch, Marisa R Nucci, Charles M Quick, Christopher P Crum, W Glenn McCluggage, Brooke E Howitt
Mesonephric adenocarcinoma most commonly arises in the cervix and is presumed to be derived from normal or hyperplastic mesonephric remnants. It is characterized by recurrent KRAS mutations and lack of PIK3CA/PTEN alterations. Adenocarcinomas of the uterine corpus and ovary characterized by morphologic and immunophenotypic similarities to mesonephric adenocarcinoma have been reported. The pathogenesis of these tumors, which have been designated "mesonephric-like adenocarcinomas" is unknown, and it has been debated whether these represent mesonephric adenocarcinomas that arise in the endometrium/ovary or endometrioid adenocarcinomas that closely mimic mesonephric adenocarcinoma...
October 3, 2017: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969745/lymphoepithelioma-like-carcinoma-of-the-esophagus-a-rare-tumor
#8
Nasir Khokhar, Humaira Nasir, Mohammad Amir, Saira Hassan, Khushal Khan, Mobeen Ahmed
Lymphoepithelioma-like carcinoma of esophagus is a rare tumor with about 20 cases reported worldwide. It can involve the salivary gland, esophagus, stomach, thymus, thyroid, breast, lung, uterus, cervix, urinary bladder, and the skin. Its association with Epstein Barr virus has been postulated. We report the case of a 45-year female who had been treated for hepatitis C and esophageal tuberculosis and recovered fully from these conditions. She presented with dysphagia of 2-3 month duration. Endoscopic examination revealed narrowing of the esophageal lumen with a fungating mass at the lower end of esophagus with no extension into the stomach...
September 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969421/polylactide-based-block-co-polymeric-micelles-loaded-with-chlorin-e6-for-photodynamic-therapy-in-vitro-evaluation-in-monolayer-and-3d-spheroid-models
#9
Preeti Kumari, Shreya Jain, Balaram Ghosh, Vladimir Petrovich Zorin, Swati Biswas
Recently, photodynamic therapy (PDT) has found wide application as a non-invasive treatment modality for several cancers. However, the suboptimal delivery of photosensitizers (PSs) to the tumor site is a drawback, which inhibits the effectiveness of PDT. Hydrophobicity, strong oxygen and light dependence, and limited tissue penetrability of photosensitizers represent the major barriers to the clinical application of PDT. In order to improve biopharmaceutical properties of a clinically approved photosensitizer Chlorin e6 (Ce6), we developed a nano-formulation encapsulating Ce6 in methoxy-poly(ethylene glycol)-poly(D,L-lactide) (mPEG-PLA) co-polymeric micelles...
October 2, 2017: Molecular Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969256/role-of-functional-magnetic-resonance-imaging-derived-parameters-as-imaging-biomarkers-and-correlation-with-clinicopathological-features-in-carcinoma-of-uterine-cervix
#10
Ramireddy Jeba Karunya, Putta Tharani, Subhashini John, Ramani Manoj Kumar, Saikat Das
INTRODUCTION: Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) is emerging as a powerful tool in the evaluation and management of cervical cancer. The role of Diffusion Weighted Imaging (DWI) with Apparent Diffusion Coefficient (ADC) as a non-invasive imaging biomarker is promising in characterization of the tumour and prediction of response. AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of conventional MRI and diffusion weighted MRI in predicting clinicopathological prognostic factors...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964889/modulating-mitochondrial-morphology-enhances-antitumor-effect-of-5-ala-mediated-photodynamic-therapy-both-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#11
Hongyou Zhao, Rong Yin, Ying Wang, Yuan-Hao Lee, Ting Luo, Jiaying Zhang, Haixia Qiu, Stephen Ambrose, Lijie Wang, Jie Ren, Jie Yao, Defu Chen, Yucheng Wang, Zhipin Liang, Jie Zhen, Sumin Wu, Zulin Ye, Jing Zeng, Naiyan Huang, Ying Gu
5-aminolevulinic acid mediated PDT (5-ALA-PDT) is an approved therapeutic procedure for treating carcinomas of the cervix. However, when employed as a monotherapy, 5-ALA-PDT could not produce satisfactory results toward large and deep tumors. Therefore, developing a method to improve the efficacy of 5-ALA-PDT becomes important. In this study, we demonstrate an enhanced antitumor effect of 5-ALA-PDT by the modulation of mitochondrial morphology. The mitochondria in the cells were regulated into tubular mitochondria or fragmented mitochondria through over expression of Drp1 or Mfn2...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958736/image-guided-high-dose-rate-intracavitary-brachytherapy-in-the-treatment-of-medically-inoperable-early-stage-endometrioid-type-endometrial-adenocarcinoma
#12
Scott E Jordan, Ida Micaily, Enrique Hernandez, J Stuart Ferriss, Curtis T Miyamoto, Shidong Li, Bizhan Micaily
PURPOSE: The purpose of this case series is to describe the treatment and outcomes of a cohort of patients with inoperable early-stage endometrioid endometrial cancer with 3D image-guided high-dose-rate (HDR) intracavitary brachytherapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A review was performed of patients with early-stage endometrial cancer who underwent primary radiation treatment between 2010 and 2016. Staging and treatment planning were performed CT, pelvic ultrasound, and pelvic MRI...
September 22, 2017: Brachytherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958732/long-term-outcome-after-resection-of-liver-metastases-from-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#13
Kiyohiko Omichi, Takashi Mizuno, Masayuki Okuno, Ching-Wei D Tzeng, Claudius Conrad, Yun Shin Chun, Thomas A Aloia, Jean-Nicolas Vauthey
BACKGROUND: Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) liver metastases still remains a difficult challenge and the effectiveness of resection for SCC liver metastases is unclear. The aim of this study was to analyze long-term outcomes of surgically treated patients with SCC liver metastases. METHODS: The clinicopathological characteristics, overall survival (OS), and recurrence free survival (RFS) of all patients with SCC liver metastases resected between 1998 and 2015, were analyzed...
September 13, 2017: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954697/cycles-of-cisplatin-and-etoposide-affect-treatment-outcomes-in-patients-with-figo-stage-i-ii-small-cell-neuroendocrine-carcinoma-of-the-cervix
#14
Xuan Pei, Libing Xiang, Shuang Ye, Tiancong He, Yufan Cheng, Wentao Yang, Xiaohua Wu, Huijuan Yang
OBJECTIVE: This study sought to explore the outcomes and prognostic factors of patients with small cell neuroendocrine carcinoma of the cervix (SCNEC) and to determine the effects of adjuvant treatment on survival in patients with FIGO stage I-II SCNEC after radical surgery. METHODS: A single-institution retrospective analysis was performed in 92 patients who underwent radical surgery for SCNEC. All clinicopathological variables and treatment strategies were reviewed...
September 24, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954253/near-infrared-raman-spectroscopy-for-estimating-biochemical-changes-associated-with-different-pathological-conditions-of-cervix
#15
Amuthachelvi Daniel, Aruna Prakasarao, Singaravelu Ganesan
The molecular level changes associated with oncogenesis precede the morphological changes in cells and tissues. Hence molecular level diagnosis would promote early diagnosis of the disease. Raman spectroscopy is capable of providing specific spectral signature of various biomolecules present in the cells and tissues under various pathological conditions. The aim of this work is to develop a non-linear multi-class statistical methodology for discrimination of normal, neoplastic and malignant cells/tissues. The tissues were classified as normal, pre-malignant and malignant by employing Principal Component Analysis followed by Artificial Neural Network (PC-ANN)...
September 18, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935271/magnetic-resonance-imaging-during-definitive-chemoradiotherapy-can-predict-tumor-recurrence-and-patient-survival-in-locally-advanced-cervical-cancer-a-multi-institutional-retrospective-analysis-of-krog-16-01
#16
Sea-Won Lee, Seok Ho Lee, Juree Kim, Yeon-Sil Kim, Mee Sun Yoon, Songmi Jeong, Jin Hee Kim, Jayoung Lee, Keun-Yong Eom, Bae Kwon Jeong, Soo Yoon Sung, Sung Jong Lee, Jong Hoon Lee
OBJECTIVE: Definitive chemoradiotherapy (CRT) followed by brachytherapy is a standard treatment for locally advanced cervical cancer. During CRT, marked reduction of cervical tumor is often observed in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The primary aim of this study was to assess the association between tumor response in MRI using FIGO classification and clinical outcomes. METHODS: Multi-institutional data were retrospectively reviewed to identify the significance of MR tumor response on tumor recurrence and patient survival...
September 18, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913152/early-vulvar-and-umbilical-incisional-scar-recurrence-of-cervical-squamous-cell-carcinoma-earlier-than-usually-expected
#17
Hüseyin Çağlayan Özcan, Aynur Mustafa, Zehra Bozdağ, Seyhun Sucu, Mete Gürol Uğur, Özcan Balat
Cutaneous metastasis is considered as a hazardous condition depending on the mean survival around 9 months, which usually originates from cancers of the breast, lung, ovary, colon, and rarely from the cervix. The crucial prognostic factor of cutaneous metastasis depends on the period between the primary malignancy and cutaneous metastasis. We report two cases of the unusual presentation of squamous cell cancer of the cervix that developed vulvar and umbilical metastasis in the 5(th) month of primary treatment...
June 2017: Turk J Obstet Gynecol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878659/a-case-of-cervical-carcinoid-and-review-of-the-literature
#18
Georgios Papatsimpas, Ioannis Samaras, Paraskevi Theodosiou, Konstantina Papacharalampous, Eleni Maragkouli, N Vasileios Papadopoulos, Konstantinos Tsapakidis, Ioannis Litos, Eleni Sogka, Evanthia Kostopoulou, Georgios K Koukoulis
Uterine cervix carcinoids are distinct neuroendocrine cervical tumors, representing a comparatively small percentage of them. These well-differentiated neoplasms are far less prevalent than small- and large-cell carcinomas, characterized by a more favorable biological course. We report a case of a 43-year-old woman with a nonmetastatic cervical carcinoid, managed with radical hysterectomy. She still remains free of disease. Scant reports in the literature prohibit any reliable prediction of cervical carcinoid prognosis...
May 2017: Case Reports in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877072/does-differentiated-squamous-intraepithelial-neoplasia-occur-in-the-cervix
#19
Kien T Mai
BACKGROUND: Invasive cervical cell squamous carcinoma (ICC) classically develops from high grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia of usual type (uCIN). Differentiated cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (dCIN) analogue to differentiated vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia has not been described in the cervix. METHODS: A pilot case of ICC developing from dCIN with atypia limited to the basal/parabasal layers, focally associated with neoplastic spread above the parabasal layer (usual-like CIN pattern or u-like CIN) was identified...
September 4, 2017: Applied Immunohistochemistry & Molecular Morphology: AIMM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863071/an-ovarian-adenocarcinoma-with-combined-low-grade-serous-and-mesonephric-morphologies-suggests-a-m%C3%A3-llerian-origin-for-some-mesonephric-carcinomas
#20
David B Chapel, Nancy M Joseph, Thomas Krausz, Ricardo R Lastra
Mesonephric carcinomas are rare adenocarcinomas of the female genital tract that occur most commonly in the uterine cervix. They are classically thought to arise from benign mesonephric remnants, and are rarely reported at other sites in the gynecologic tract. Here we present an interesting biphenotypic ovarian adenocarcinoma with intimately associated but distinct components of both low-grade serous carcinoma and mesonephric-like carcinoma. A serous borderline tumor was present adjacent to the invasive carcinoma, and no benign mesonephric precursors were identified...
August 31, 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Pathology
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