keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

cardiovascular risk factors

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434208/dietary-interventions-for-adults-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#1
REVIEW
Suetonia C Palmer, Jasjot K Maggo, Katrina L Campbell, Jonathan C Craig, David W Johnson, Bernadet Sutanto, Marinella Ruospo, Allison Tong, Giovanni Fm Strippoli
BACKGROUND: Dietary changes are routinely recommended in people with chronic kidney disease (CKD) on the basis of randomised evidence in the general population and non-randomised studies in CKD that suggest certain healthy eating patterns may prevent cardiovascular events and lower mortality. People who have kidney disease have prioritised dietary modifications as an important treatment uncertainty. OBJECTIVES: This review evaluated the benefits and harms of dietary interventions among adults with CKD including people with end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) treated with dialysis or kidney transplantation...
April 23, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434109/insights-into-the-link-between-obesity-and-cancer
#2
REVIEW
Sarah E Ackerman, Olivia A Blackburn, François Marchildon, Paul Cohen
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Adipocytes have adapted to store energy in the form of lipid and also secrete circulating factors called adipokines that signal to other tissues to coordinate energy homeostasis. These functions are disrupted in the setting of obesity, promoting the development of diseases such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and cancer. RECENT FINDINGS: Obesity is linked to an increased risk of many types of cancer and increased cancer-related mortality...
April 22, 2017: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433996/factor-xii-as-a-risk-marker-for-hemorrhagic-stroke-a-prospective-cohort-study
#3
Kristina Johansson, Jan-Håkan Jansson, Lars Johansson, Ingemar Bylesjö, Torbjörn K Nilsson, Mats Eliasson, Stefan Söderberg, Marcus Lind
BACKGROUND: Coagulation factor XII (FXII) is involved in pathological thrombus formation and is a suggested target of anticoagulants. It is unclear whether FXII levels are correlated with cardiovascular risk factors and whether they are associated with myocardial infarction or ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke. The aim of this study was to investigate the correlation between FXII and cardiovascular risk factors in the general population. We also aimed to study the associations between FXII levels and future myocardial infarction and ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke...
April 21, 2017: Cerebrovascular Diseases Extra
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433549/influence-of-negative-life-events-and-widowhood-on-risk-for-dementia
#4
Lotte Gerritsen, Hui-Xin Wang, Chandra A Reynolds, Laura Fratiglioni, Margaret Gatz, Nancy L Pedersen
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the current study was to examine the effect of negative life events and widowhood on the incidence of dementia. METHODS: Data were from four Swedish longitudinal cohort studies with a total of nearly 2,000 participants and 8-25 years of follow-up. Seven stressful events were examined for which data were available in all cohorts. Clinical dementia diagnoses were made through medical and psychological examinations. Cox proportional hazards models were used to estimate the association between life events and dementia, adjusting for lifestyle and cardiovascular risk factors...
March 16, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432984/cigarette-smoke-extract-counteracts-atheroprotective-effects-of-high-laminar-flow-on-endothelial-function
#5
Sindy Giebe, Natalia Cockcroft, Katherine Hewitt, Melanie Brux, Anja Hofmann, Henning Morawietz, Coy Brunssen
Tobacco smoking and hemodynamic forces are key stimuli in the development of endothelial dysfunction and atherosclerosis. High laminar flow has an atheroprotective effect on the endothelium and leads to a reduced response of endothelial cells to cardiovascular risk factors compared to regions with disturbed or low laminar flow. We hypothesize that the atheroprotective effect of high laminar flow could delay the development of endothelial dysfunction caused by cigarette smoking. Primary human endothelial cells were stimulated with increasing dosages of aqueous cigarette smoke extract (CSEaq)...
April 7, 2017: Redox Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432842/low-grade-inflammation-and-tryptophan-kynurenine-pathway-activation-are-associated-with-adverse-cardiac-remodeling-in-primary-hyperparathyroidism-the-epath-trial
#6
Nicolas Verheyen, Andreas Meinitzer, Martin Robert Grübler, Klemens Ablasser, Ewald Kolesnik, Astrid Fahrleitner-Pammer, Evgeny Belyavskiy, Christian Trummer, Verena Schwetz, Elisabeth Pieske-Kraigher, Jakob Voelkl, Ioana Alesutan, Cristiana Catena, Leonardo Alberto Sechi, Helmut Brussee, Dirk von Lewinski, Winfried März, Burkert Pieske, Stefan Pilz, Andreas Tomaschitz
BACKGROUND: Primary hyperparathyroidism (pHPT) is associated with low-grade inflammation, left ventricular hypertrophy and increased cardiovascular mortality, but the association between inflammatory markers and parameters of adverse cardiac remodeling is unknown. We investigated the relationship between C-reactive protein (CRP), the essential amino acid tryptophan and its pro-inflammatory derivatives kynurenine and quinolinic acid (QUIN) with echocardiographic parameters. METHODS: Cross-sectional baseline data from the "Eplerenone in Primary Hyperparathyroidism" trial were analyzed...
April 22, 2017: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432810/liver-cirrhosis-is-a-risk-factor-for-atrial-fibrillation-a-nationwide-population-based-study
#7
HyunJung Lee, Eue-Keun Choi, Tae-Min Rhee, So-Ryoung Lee, Woo-Hyun Lim, Si-Hyuck Kang, Kyung-Do Han, Myung-Jin Cha, Seil Oh
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Information is lacking regarding whether liver cirrhosis (LC) is associated with atrial fibrillation (AF) development. We aimed to investigate the incidence and clinical significance of AF in cirrhotic patients. METHODS: LC patients (n = 3,596; mean age, 54.7 ± 12.3 years; male, 72.5%) without previous AF were selected from the Korean National Health Insurance Service National Sample Cohort database between 2004 and 2008. Age- and sex-matched controls (n=17,980) were randomly sampled in a 5:1 ratio from non-LC individuals...
April 22, 2017: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432573/clinical-outcomes-in-trials-evaluating-lipid-lowering-drugs
#8
REVIEW
Julie Butters, Alex Brown, Liddy Griffith, Susan Kim, Stephen J Nicholls
While statins have formed the cornerstone of strategies for cardiovascular prevention, the residual risk related to low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and other lipoprotein factors provides a landscape for development of new therapies. However, a number of lipid-modifying therapies have failed to reduce cardiovascular event rates in contemporary clinical trials of statin-treated patients. The factors considered in outcome measure selection for clinical trials of novel lipid-lowering therapies are reviewed...
April 21, 2017: American Journal of Cardiovascular Drugs: Drugs, Devices, and Other Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432115/effects-of-exercise-on-vascular-function-structure-and-health-in-humans
#9
Daniel J Green, Kurt J Smith
Physical activity has profound impacts on the vasculature in humans. Acute exercise induces immediate changes in artery function, whereas repeated episodic bouts of exercise induce chronic functional adaptation and, ultimately, structural arterial remodeling. The nature of these changes in function and structure are dependent on the characteristics of the training load and may be modulated by other factors such as exercise-induced inflammation and oxidative stress. The clinical implications of these physiological adaptations are profound...
April 21, 2017: Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432005/radial-ulnar-angioplasty-in-selected-patients-undergoing-elective-angiography-or-pci-using-complex-forearm-approach
#10
Santiago Jesús Camacho Freire, Antonio Enrique Gómez Menchero, Javier León Jiménez, Jessica Roa Garrido, Rosa Cardenal Piris, José Francisco Díaz Fernández
BACKGROUND: Angioplasty on the radial artery have been performed with good success rates in patients with critical hand ischemia. We sought to assess the feasibility and safety of radial angioplasty on complex radial access in patients undergoing coronary angiography. METHODS/MATERIAL: A prospective series of procedures with complex radial/ulnar access to which radial-ulnar angioplasty (RU-A) was performed. We set goals of efficacy and safety that included the success rate of the procedure (need for ¨Crossover femoral¨) and the existence of radial pulse at one month...
April 11, 2017: Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine: Including Molecular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431954/isolated-intracranial-fibromuscular-dysplasia-of-the-posterior-cerebral-artery
#11
Min-Ju Yeo, Ho-Yeong Jeon, Min-Ju Cha, Hye-Yeon Jang, Sang-Gil Lee, Ji Seon Kim, Sung-Hyun Lee, Sang-Soo Lee, Dong-Ick Shin
Fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD) is a nonatherosclerotic, noninflammatory arterial disease that most commonly affects the renal and internal carotid arteries, but intracranial FMD is very rare. We report a patient with FMD involving the posterior cerebral arteries (PCAs). A 24year old female was presented with a 4day history of right homonymous hemianopsia with throbbing headache in the left temporo-occipital area. The brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed an acute ischemic stroke in the left PCA territory, while the Time of Flight (TOF) magnetic resonance angiogram (MRA) showed segmental luminal irregularities in the left proximal PCA...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431855/relationship-between-long-noncoding-rnas-and-physiological-risk-factors-of-cardiovascular-disease
#12
REVIEW
Moshen Mazidi, Peter Penson, Anna Gluba-Brzozka, Jacek Rysz, Maciej Banach
Long noncoding ribonucleic acids (lncRNAs) are an important category of noncoding RNAs that play crucial roles in controlling the expression of genes in health and in a range of illnesses including cardiovascular disease. A large body of genetic, experimental, and epidemiologic evidence suggests roles for an increasing number of lncRNAs in the regulation of metabolism, lipid profile, inflammation, and glucose metabolism in type II diabetes. Importantly, it has been suggested that lncRNAs can regulate chromatin alteration, messenger RNA stability, microRNA action, and can control transcription factors...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431833/headache-after-carotid-artery-stenting
#13
A Suller Marti, E Bellosta Diago, A Velázquez Benito, C Tejero Juste, S Santos Lasaosa
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Headache after carotid artery stenting is a headache with onset during the procedure or in the first few hours after it, and where there is no evidence to suggest a complication of that procedure. The purpose of this study is to describe the main features of these headaches based on our clinical experience. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Observational prospective study of a sample of patients undergoing carotid artery stenting at Hospital Clínico Universitario Lozano Blesa, in Zaragoza, Spain...
April 18, 2017: Neurología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Neurología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431533/effect-of-a-16-week-bikram-yoga-program-on-heart-rate-variability-and-associated-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-in-stressed-and-sedentary-adults-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Zoe L Hewett, Kate L Pumpa, Caroline A Smith, Paul P Fahey, Birinder S Cheema
BACKGROUND: Chronic activation of the stress-response can contribute to cardiovascular disease risk, particularly in sedentary individuals. This study investigated the effect of a Bikram yoga intervention on the high frequency power component of heart rate variability (HRV) and associated cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors (i.e. additional domains of HRV, hemodynamic, hematologic, anthropometric and body composition outcome measures) in stressed and sedentary adults. METHODS: Eligible adults were randomized to an experimental group (n = 29) or a no treatment control group (n = 34)...
April 21, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431476/a-consensus-statement-for-the-clinical-use-of-the-renal-sodium-glucose-co-transporter-2-inhibitor-dapagliflozin-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#15
A Avogaro, A Giaccari, P Fioretto, S Genovese, F Purrello, F Giorgino, S Del Prato
The present review developed a clinical consensus based on a Delphi method on Dapagliflozin, a selective inhibitor of the renal sodium-glucose co-transporter-2 (SGLT2-I) in the treatment of patients with Type 2 diabetes mellitus. Areas covered: Panel members, using a 5-point scale, were asked to rate 9 statements on pharmakodinamic, mode of action on glycaemic and extra-glycaemic effects, and safety of dapaglifozin, Members also aimed to identify the patient most susceptible to the treatment with dapagliflozin ...
April 21, 2017: Expert Review of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431474/previous-hypertensive-hemorrhage-increases-the-risk-for-bleeding-and-ischemia-for-pci-patients-on-dual-antiplatelet-therapy
#16
Manli Qiao, Qi Bi, Paul Fu, Yixin Wang, Zhe Song, Fang Guo
OBJECTIVES: The use of antiplatelet therapy after intracerebral hemorrhage remains controversial, while the use of dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) is required after cardiac stenting. In this study, we examine the risk of bleeding and ischemic events for PCI patients with a history of hypertensive hemorrhage on DAPT. METHODS: A total of 128 cases and 153 controls were selected from Chinese patients with cardiac stenting on dual anti-platelet therapy for a single-center retrospective case-control study...
April 21, 2017: Neurological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431391/serum-levels-of-lead-mercury-and-cadmium-in-relation-to-coronary-artery-disease-in-the-elderly-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Sedigheh Asgary, Ahmad Movahedian, Mahtab Keshvari, Mahsa Taleghani, Amirhossein Sahebkar, Nizal Sarrafzadegan
BACKGROUND: There is a continuing attempt to identify novel factors that can predict the risk of cardiovascular disease beyond the established coronary risk factors. It has been suggested that serum levels of lead, mercury and cadmium are associated with the risk of coronary artery disease (CAD). In the present study, we aimed to evaluate serum concentrations of lead (s-Pb), mercury (s-Hg) and cadmium (s-Cd) in patients with CAD in comparison with those of healthy individuals. The correlation between serum levels of these heavy metals and lipid profile parameters was also investigated...
March 29, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431138/cardiovascular-outcome-trials-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-challenges-associated-with-selection-of-patients-and-endpoints
#18
Patrick Rossignol, Rajiv Agarwal, Bernard Canaud, Alan Charney, Gilles Chatellier, Jonathan C Craig, William C Cushman, Ronald T Gansevoort, Bengt Fellström, Dahlia Garza, Nicolas Guzman, Frank A Holtkamp, Gerard M London, Ziad A Massy, Alexandre Mebazaa, Peter G M Mol, Marc A Pfeffer, Yves Rosenberg, Luis M Ruilope, Jonathan Seltzer, Amil M Shah, Salim Shah, Bhupinder Singh, Bergur V Stefánsson, Norman Stockbridge, Wendy Gattis Stough, Kristian Thygesen, Michael Walsh, Christoph Wanner, David G Warnock, Christopher S Wilcox, Janet Wittes, Bertram Pitt, Aliza Thompson, Faiez Zannad
Although cardiovascular disease is a major health burden for patients with chronic kidney disease, most cardiovascular outcome trials have excluded patients with advanced chronic kidney disease. Moreover, the major cardiovascular outcome trials that have been conducted in patients with end-stage renal disease have not demonstrated a treatment benefit. Thus, clinicians have limited evidence to guide the management of cardiovascular disease in patients with chronic kidney disease, particularly those on dialysis...
April 18, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431068/self-reported-physical-activity-and-major-adverse-events-in-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-a-report-from-the-eurobservational-research-programme-pilot-survey-on-atrial-fibrillation-eorp-af-general-registry
#19
Marco Proietti, Giuseppe Boriani, Cécile Laroche, Igor Diemberger, Mircea I Popescu, Lars H Rasmussen, Gianfranco Sinagra, Gheorghe-Andrei Dan, Aldo P Maggioni, Luigi Tavazzi, Deirdre A Lane, Gregory Y H Lip
Aims: Physical activity is protective against cardiovascular (CV) events, both in general population and in high-risk CV cohorts. However, the relationship between physical activity with major adverse outcomes in atrial fibrillation (AF) is not well-established. Our aim was to analyse this relationship in a 'real-world' AF population. Second, we investigated the influence of physical activity on arrhythmia progression. Methods and Results: We studied all patients enrolled in the EURObservational Research Programme on AF (EORP-AF) Pilot Survey...
April 1, 2017: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431059/cardiac-structural-and-functional-profile-of-patients-with-delayed-qrs-transition-zone-and-sudden-cardiac-death
#20
Aapo L Aro, Derek Phan, Carmen Teodorescu, Audrey Uy-Evanado, Kyndaron Reinier, Karen Gunson, Jonathan Jui, Heikki V Huikuri, Sumeet S Chugh
Aims: Delayed QRS transition zone in the precordial leads of the 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) has been recently associated with increased risk of sudden cardiac death (SCD), but the underlying mechanisms are unknown. We correlated echocardiographic findings with ECG and clinical characteristics to investigate how alterations in cardiac structure and function contribute to this risk marker. Methods and Results: From the ongoing population-based Oregon Sudden Unexpected Death Study (catchment population ∼1 million), SCD cases with prior ECG available (n = 627) were compared with controls (n = 801)...
April 1, 2017: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
keyword
keyword
23919
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"