keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Eustachian tubes

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343305/relationship-between-eustachian-tube-dysfunction-and-otitis-media-with-effusion-in-radiotherapy-patients
#1
K Akazawa, H Doi, S Ohta, T Terada, M Fujiwara, N Uwa, M Tanooka, M Sakagami
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the relationship between radiation and Eustachian tube dysfunction, and examined the radiation dose required to induce otitis media with effusion. METHODS: The function of 36 Eustachian tubes in 18 patients with head and neck cancer were examined sonotubometrically before, during, and 1, 2 and 3 months after, intensity-modulated radiotherapy. Patients with an increase of 5 dB or less in sound pressure level (dB) during swallowing were categorised as being in the dysfunction group...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338158/studying-the-serum-as-well-as-serous-level-of-il-17-and-il-23-in-patients-with-serous-otitis-media
#2
Ahmad Yeghaneh Moghaddam, Rezvan Talaei, Hassan Nikoueinejad, Hossein Akbari
Serous otitis media with effusion (OME) is a middle ear inflammatory response to allergens and microbes which stimulate leukocytes to produce different inflammatory mediators after obstruction of Eustachian tube. Here, we investigated the levels of these mediators, IL-17 and IL-23, in serum and middle ear fluids of children with OME. 75 patients with otitis media and 75 age and sex-matched healthy controls were enrolled in this study. IL-17 and IL-23 levels in serous secretion of the patients and their serum levels were measured in both groups by ELISA...
December 2017: Iranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336126/effects-of-smoking-on-eustachian-tube-and-hearing
#3
Matteo Pezzoli, Denise Lofaro, Alessandro Oliva, Monica Orione, Daniela Cupi, Andrea Albera, Guido Bongioannini, Roberto Albera
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of tobacco use on the Eustachian tube and inner ear function. STUDY DESIGN: Case-control study. SUBJECTS AND SETTINGS: Thirty-one nonsmoking volunteers and 34 smoking subjects recruited in an University Hospital, submitted to an audiological evaluation including pure tone audiometry, basal tympanogram, stapedial reflexes analysis, and nine-step eustachian tube (ET) function test...
December 1, 2017: International Tinnitus Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330988/microbiological-profile-from-middle-ear-and-nasopharynx-in-patients-suffering-from-chronic-active-mucosal-otitis-media
#4
Shahid Farooq Khattak, Nadeem Ahmed Sheikh, Adil Aleem, Muhammad Farooq, Kanwal Nadeem
BACKGROUND: Chronic otitis media is described as a tympanic membrane perforation and ear discharge for more than six weeks duration. Ascending infection from the nasopharynx into the middle ear cleft has been attributed to prevent resolution of chronic otitis media. This research aims to determine the association between the microbiological flora of the nasopharynx with that of the middle ear in patients suffering from chronic (active) mucosal otitis media.. METHODS: Our study is a hospital-based cross-sectional survey...
October 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327736/balloon-dilation-of-the-eustachian-tube-clinical-experience-in-the-management-of-126-children
#5
M Tisch, H Maier, H Sudhoff
Balloon dilation of the Eustachian tube has been recently introduced as a novel and minimally invasive method for treating chronic obstructive Eustachian tube dysfunction. For the first time worldwide, we assessed the role of this technique in the treatment of children with Eustachian tube dysfunction who did not respond to other treatments. We retrospectively analysed the medical records of 60 children (mean age: 6.3 years, range: 28 months to 12 years) who underwent balloon dilation of the Eustachian tube using the Bielefeld balloon catheter...
December 2017: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325963/surgical-anatomy-of-the-eustachian-tube-for-endoscopic-transnasal-skull-base-surgery-a-cadaveric-and-radiological-study
#6
Noritaka Komune, Satoshi Matsuo, Koichi Miki, Yojiro Akagi, Ryota Kurogi, Koji Iihara, Takashi Nakagawa
OBJECTIVE: The endoscopic endonasal approach to the anatomically complex lateral skull base presents technical challenges. The use of the Eustachian tube as a landmark to identify the petrous internal carotid artery has recently been reported, and this study aims to define the anatomical relationship between the Eustachian tube and its surrounding structures using cadaveric dissection and radiologic analysis. METHODS: To clarify the relationship of the Eustachian tube with its surrounding structures, we performed endoscopic and microscopic dissection of four adult cadaveric heads, and analyzed computed topography scans from 20 patients...
January 8, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315176/outcome-measures-for-baro-challenge-induced-eustachian-tube-dysfunction-a-systematic-review
#7
Bhavesh V Tailor, Matthew E Smith, Peter J A Hutchinson, James R Tysome
OBJECTIVES: Baro-challenge-induced Eustachian tube dysfunction (baro-induced ETD) is characterized by failure of the Eustachian tube (ET) to open adequately to permit middle-ear pressure regulation during ambient pressure changes. There are no well-characterized tests for identifying the condition, which makes both patient diagnosis and research into treatment efficacy challenging. This systematic review evaluates ET function tests as potential outcome measures for baro-induced ETD. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE and CENTRAL were searched (database inception to March 2017) and reference lists reviewed for all relevant English Language articles...
February 2018: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313115/-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-eustachian-tube-dysfunction
#8
S Schröder, J Ebmeyer
The Eustachian tube protects against secretion, germs and sound pressure from the nasopharynx, it acts as a drain, and serves pressure equalization in both directions so that the ear drum and sound-conducting apparatus can vibrate optimally. The incidence of Eustachian tube dysfunction in adults is about 1%, in children almost 40%. Symptoms are often unspecific. For diagnosis, the Eustachian tube score (ETS-5) can be used in patients with a perforated ear drum, and the ETS-7 score in patients with intact ear drum...
January 8, 2018: HNO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301162/milbenallergie-im-hno-bereich-bedeutung-diagnostik-und-therapieoptionen
#9
Ludger Klimek, Moritz Gröger, Sven Becker
Allergic rhinitis (AR) affects ca. 20% of the population. Approximately one third of patients affected by AR are suffering from perennial rhinitis due to mite allergy. Perennial rhinitis is the form of the disease that is most frequently associated with other allergy-related comorbidities such as asthma and atopic dermatitis, sleep disorders, chronic sinusitis, eustachian tube dysfunction and others.The often non-specific symptoms and the insidious course may lead to misinterpretations in diagnosing the disease...
January 2018: Laryngo- Rhino- Otologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299505/utility-of-adjunctive-procedures-with-balloon-dilation-of-the-eustachian-tube
#10
Yehia Ashry, Kosuke Kawai, Dennis Poe
Objective: To assess the role and effect of concomitant adjunctive procedures when combined with balloon dilation of the Eustachian tube (BDET), including a new technique for treating obstructive disease within the bony Eustachian tube (ET). Study Design: Retrospective case series. Setting: Tertiary medical center. Subjects: Adults with persistent (≥2 years): 1) OME or non-fixed TM retraction AND type B or C tympanogram OR 2) Consistent symptoms of barochallenge with flights or diving, all despite medical treatment for ≥6 weeks...
December 2017: Laryngoscope Investigative Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29296165/skull-base-and-craniocervical-bone-pneumatisation-two-case-reports-of-differing-presentations-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#11
Olivia Francies, Simon Morley, Tim Beale
We report two patients with increased central skull base and craniocervical junction bone pneumatisation complicated by extra-osseous gas. One patient presented with symptoms of increasing nasal blockage and 'sinus pressure' on a background of extensive nasal polyposis. He was subsequently found to have a history of repeated Valsalva's manoeuvre, the cessation of which resulted in a rapid decrease in the amount of extra-osseous gas on imaging. The second patient presented following a minor head trauma with dysarthria from a hypoglossal nerve palsy and neck pain, with extensive intra- and extra-cranial gas including within the spinal canal (pneumorrhachis)...
November 2017: Journal of Radiology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289487/medium-term-assessment-of-eustachian-tube-function-after-balloon-dilation
#12
D Schmitt, M Akkari, T Mura, M Mondain, A Uziel, F Venail
There is at present no consensus on the treatment of obstructive Eustachian tube dysfunction. In case of failure of well-conducted drug and pressure therapy, some authors recommend balloon dilation; the present study aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of Eustachian tube balloon dilation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A single-center retrospective study assessed clinical and tubomanometric results of Eustachian tube balloon dilation, complications and satisfaction in a consecutive series managed between June 2012 and February 2015...
December 27, 2017: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289454/audiometric-assessment-of-pediatric-patients-with-cystic-fibrosis
#13
Kathryn L Kreicher, Michael J Bauschard, Clarice S Clemmens, Concetta Maria Riva, Ted A Meyer
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate hearing impairment in pediatric patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis of the AudGen database generated by Children's Hospital of Philadelphia. Audiograms were analyzed for type of hearing loss (HL), pure-tone-average (PTA), laterality, and change in hearing over time. Medical charts were reviewed to identify factors that influence development and progression of hearing loss...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Cystic Fibrosis: Official Journal of the European Cystic Fibrosis Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285624/balloon-dilatation-of-the-eustachian-tube-in-adult-patients-with-chronic-dilatory-tube-dysfunction-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#14
M C Satmis, M van der Torn
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to assess the subjective and objective short-term results and safety of transnasal balloon dilatation of the Eustachian tube (BET) in adult patients with chronic dilatory Eustachian tube dysfunction (ETD). DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. Data collection was performed preoperatively, 1 and 3 months after BET. SETTING: Tertiary referral hospital. PARTICIPANTS: A cohort of 42 consecutive patients (66 ears)...
December 29, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281198/alternobaric-vertigo-and-facial-baroparesis-caused-by-scuba-diving-and-relieved-by-chewing-pineapple-a-case-report
#15
Adam Bender-Heine, Zachary W Dillard, Matthew J Zdilla
Equalization of middle ear pressure is an important consideration for scuba divers. When middle ear pressure is asymmetric, a diver may experience alternobaric vertigo. Moreover, individuals with an underlying temporal bone dehiscence are predisposed to facial baroparesis. An understanding on behalf of fellow divers and emergency responders to recognize and differentiate facial baroparesis from decompression illness is critical. Misdiagnosis may lead to inappropriate treatment or unwarranted stoppage of diving...
November 2017: Undersea & Hyperbaric Medicine: Journal of the Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279828/rare-finding-of-eustachian-tube-calcifications-with-cone-beam-computed-tomography
#16
Ali Z Syed, Anna Hawkins, Leela Subashini Alluri, Buthainah Jadallah, Kiran Shahid, Michael Landers, Hussein M Assaf
Soft tissue calcification is a pathological condition in which calcium and phosphate salts are deposited in the soft tissue organic matrix. This study presents an unusual calcification noted in the cartilaginous portion of the Eustachian tube. A 67-year-old woman presented for dental treatment, specifically for implant placement, and cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) was performed. The CBCT scan was reviewed by a board-certified oral and maxillofacial radiologist and revealed incidental findings of 2 distinct calcifications in the cartilaginous portion of the Eustachian tube...
December 2017: Imaging Science in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29272985/the-expression-of-thymic-stromal-lymphopoietin-in-patients-and-animal-models-with-eosinophilic-otitis-media
#17
Tomoya Miura, Atsushi Matsubara, Naomi Kudo, Ryutaro Hara, Junko Takahata, Akira Sasaki
OBJECTIVE: In the present study, we aimed to clarify the expression of thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP), a key trigger of Th2-type allergic disease, in the middle ear mucosa of eosinophilic otitis media (EOM). METHODS: An immunohistological study of TSLP was conducted in patients with EOM and in animal models of EOM constructed by intraperitoneal and intratympanic injection of ovalbumin for 7 and 14 days. In addition, the messenger RNA (mRNA) expression of TSLP in the middle ear mucosa of the animal models was analyzed using real-time PCR, and was compared with that of the control animals...
December 22, 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243259/a-unique-anomaly-of-the-ear-oculo-auriculo-vertebral-spectrum-or-an-isolated-disruption
#18
Eleonoor A R Theunissen, Isabella C M Hoogslag, Erik van Spronsen, Roelof J Oostra, Fenna A Ebbens
We present a rare case of a neonate with an isolated congenital condition of his right ear involving the outer ear, middle ear, eustachian tube, and the facial nerve, with an external opening into the skull that connects to the oropharynx. Taking this bizarre aspect of the exterior lesion and the oropharyngeal communication into account, we consider the condition presented here, which to our knowledge is the first of its kind to have resulted from a vascular disruption. Laryngoscope, 2017.
December 15, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241231/influence-of-repetitive-diving-in-freshwater-on-pressure-equalization-and-eustachian-tube-function-in-recreational-scuba-divers
#19
Stefanie Jansen, Manuela Boor, Moritz F Meyer, Eberhard D Pracht, Ruth Volland, Heinz D Klünter, Karl-Bernd Hüttenbrink, Dirk Beutner, Maria Grosheva
INTRODUCTION: We investigated the effect of repetitive pressure exposure during freshwater dives on Eustachian tube function and the middle ear, assessed by the Eustachian tube function test (ETFT). METHODS: This prospective observational cohort study included 23 divers over three consecutive days of diving in freshwater lakes in Nordhausen, Germany. Participants underwent otoscopy and ETFT before the first dive, between each dive and after the last dive. ETFT included regular tympanometry (R-tymp), tympanometry after Valsalva (V-tymp) and after swallowing (S-tymp)...
December 2017: Diving and Hyperbaric Medicine: the Journal of the South Pacific Underwater Medicine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241230/influence-of-repetitive-diving-in-saltwater-on-pressure-equalization-and-eustachian-tube-function-in-recreational-scuba-divers
#20
Moritz F Meyer, Manuela Boor, Stefanie Jansen, Eberhard D Pracht, Moritz Felsch, Heinz D Klünter, Karl-Bernd Hüttenbrink, Dirk Beutner, Maria Grosheva
INTRODUCTION: We investigated in a prospective, observational trial the feasibility of using the Eustachian tube function test (ETFT) to measure the effect of repetitive pressure exposure during open seawater dives on Eustachian tube function. METHODS: The study included 28 adult divers during six consecutive days of diving in the Red Sea. Participants underwent otoscopy and ETFT before the first dive, between each dive and after the last dive. ETFT included regular tympanometry (R-tymp), tympanometry after Valsalva (V-tymp) and after swallowing (S-tymp)...
December 2017: Diving and Hyperbaric Medicine: the Journal of the South Pacific Underwater Medicine Society
keyword
keyword
23916
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"