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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675546/telehealth-applied-to-physical-activity-during-cancer-treatment-a-feasibility-acceptability-and-randomized-pilot-study
#1
Charlène Villaron, François Cury, François Eisinger, Maria-A Cappiello, Tanguy Marqueste
PURPOSE: Previous studies have underlined the benefits of exercise during cancer therapy. However, patients are insufficiently active during treatment. Telehealth is used to encourage people to be active, reducing difficulties and offsetting the lack of infrastructure often reported. We aimed to identify the effects of recommendations and telehealth on the level of physical activity, fatigue, and quality of life. METHODS: Sixty patients suffering from various cancers under treatment were randomized into two groups...
April 19, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675155/effects-of-molecular-architecture-on-morphology-and-photophysics-in-conjugated-polymers-from-single-molecules-to-bulk
#2
REVIEW
Zhongjian Hu, Beiyue Shao, Geoffrey T Geberth, David A Vanden Bout
Conjugated polymers (CPs) possess a wide range of desirable properties, including accessible energetic bandgaps, synthetic versatility, and mechanical flexibility, which make them attractive for flexible and wearable optoelectronic devices. An accurate and comprehensive understanding about the morphology-photophysics relations in CPs lays the groundwork for their development in these applications. However, due to the complex roles of chemical structure, side-chains, backbone, and intramolecular interactions, CPs can exhibit heterogeneity in both their morphology and optoelectronic properties even at the single chain level...
February 7, 2018: Chemical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675068/cerebellar-mutism-syndrome-following-midline-posterior-fossa-tumor-resection-in-children-an-institutional-experience
#3
Nand Kishore Gora, Ashok Gupta, Virendra Deo Sinha
Aim: Cerebellar mutism (CM) syndrome is a well-known and annoying complication of posterior fossa surgery in the pediatric age group. Risk factors such as the type of tumor, size, involvement of posterior fossa structures and hydrocephalus, and postoperative cerebellar swelling for CM were investigated in this study. Materials and Methods: A consecutive series of 33 children with midline posterior fossa tumors were operated at the SMS Medical College and Hospital, Department of Neurosurgery, Jaipur India, between September 2015 and December 2016...
October 2017: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673381/mobile-link-a-theory-based-messaging-intervention-for-improving-sexual-and-reproductive-health-of-female-entertainment-workers-in-cambodia-study-protocol-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Carinne Brody, Sovannary Tuot, Pheak Chhoun, Dallas Swendenman, Kathryn C Kaplan, Siyan Yi
BACKGROUND: In Cambodia, HIV prevalence is concentrated in key populations including among female entertainment workers (FEWs) who may engage in direct or indirect sex work. Reaching FEWs with sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services has been difficult because of their hidden and stigmatized nature. Mobile-phone-based interventions may be an effective way to reach this population and connect them with the existing services. This article describes study design and implementation of a randomized controlled trial (RCT) of a mobile health intervention (the Mobile Link) aiming to improve SRH and related outcomes among FEWs in Cambodia...
April 19, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669587/comparison-of-methods-to-assess-onset-of-breast-development-in-the-legacy-girls-study-methodological-considerations-for-studies-of-breast-cancer
#5
Lauren C Houghton, Julia A Knight, Mary Jane De Souza, Mandy Goldberg, Melissa L White, Karen O'Toole, Wendy K Chung, Angela R Bradbury, Mary B Daly, Irene L Andrulis, Esther M John, Saundra S Buys, Mary Beth Terry
BACKGROUND: Younger age at onset of breast development, which has been declining in recent decades, is associated with increased breast cancer risk independent of age at menarche. Given the need to study the drivers of these trends, it is essential to validate methods to assess breast onset that can be used in large-scale studies when direct clinical assessment of breast onset is not feasible. METHODS: Breast development is usually measured by Tanner stages (TSs), assessed either by physical examination or by mother's report using a picture-based Sexual Maturation Scale (SMS)...
April 18, 2018: Breast Cancer Research: BCR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666639/what-kind-of-information-and-communication-technologies-do-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-prefer-an-ecuadorian-cross-sectional-study
#6
Iván Chérrez-Ojeda, Emanuel Vanegas, Erick Calero, Karin Plaza, Jose A Cano, Juan Carlos Calderon, Jorge Valdano, Jorge Oswaldo Gutierrez, Jose Guevara
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to assess the frequency of use of information and communication technologies and patterns of preference among Ecuadorian patients with diabetes. Methods: We conducted an anonymous cross-sectional survey on type 2 diabetes mellitus. A chi-square test for association and adjusted regression analyses were performed. Results: 248 patients were enrolled, with a mean sample age of 57.7 years. SMS was the most used ICT (66...
2018: International Journal of Telemedicine and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665829/effect-of-a-low-intensity-self-management-lifestyle-intervention-on-knee-pain-in-community-based-young-to-middle-aged-rural-women-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#7
Yuanyuan Wang, Catherine Lombard, Sultana Monira Hussain, Cheryce Harrison, Samantha Kozica, Sharmayne R E Brady, Helena Teede, Flavia M Cicuttini
BACKGROUND: Knee pain is common with obesity and weight gain being important risk factors. Previous clinical trials have focused on overweight or obese adults with knee pain and osteoarthritis and demonstrated modest effects of intense weight loss programs on reducing knee pain despite very significant weight loss. There has been no lifestyle intervention that targets community-based adults to test its effect on prevention of knee pain. We aimed to determine the effect of a simple low-intensity self-management lifestyle intervention (HeLP-her), proven in randomised controlled trials to improve lifestyle and prevent weight gain, on knee pain in community-based young to middle-aged rural women...
April 17, 2018: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663958/patterns-of-usage-and-preferences-of-users-for-tuberculosis-related-text-messages-and-voice-calls-in-uganda
#8
J M Ggita, C Ojok, A J Meyer, K Farr, P B Shete, E Ochom, P Turimumahoro, D Babirye, D Mark, D Dowdy, S Ackerman, M Armstrong-Hough, T Nalugwa, I Ayakaka, D Moore, J E Haberer, A Cattamanchi, A Katamba, J L Davis
BACKGROUND: Little information exists about mobile phone usage or preferences for tuberculosis (TB) related health communications in Uganda. METHODS: We surveyed household contacts of TB patients in urban Kampala, Uganda, and clinic patients in rural central Uganda. Questions addressed mobile phone access, usage, and preferences for TB-related communications. We collected qualitative data about messaging preferences. RESULTS: We enrolled 145 contacts and 203 clinic attendees...
May 1, 2018: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661072/using-information-communication-technology-to-identify-deficits-in-rural-health-care-a-mixed-methods-evaluation-from-guatemala
#9
Katharina Wahedi, Walter Flores, Claudia Beiersmann, Kayvan Bozorgmehr, Albrecht Jahn
BACKGROUND: In August 2014, the Centre for the Studies of Equity and Governance in Health Systems (CEGSS) in Guatemala launched an online platform, which facilitates complaints about health services via text messages. The aim is to collect, systemise and forward such complaints to relevant institutions, and to create a data pool on perceived deficits of health care in rural Guatemala. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate if the online platform is an accepted, user-friendly and efficient medium to engage citizens in the reporting of health care deficiencies in Guatemala...
2018: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659623/loss-of-cxcr6-coreceptor-usage-characterizes-pathogenic-lentiviruses
#10
Katherine S Wetzel, Yanjie Yi, Anjana Yadav, Anya M Bauer, Ezekiel A Bello, Dino C Romero, Frederic Bibollet-Ruche, Beatrice H Hahn, Mirko Paiardini, Guido Silvestri, Martine Peeters, Ronald G Collman
Pandemic HIV-1 originated from the cross-species transmission of SIVcpz, which infects chimpanzees, while SIVcpz itself emerged following the cross-species transmission and recombination of monkey SIVs, with env contributed by the SIVgsn/mus/mon lineage that infects greater spot-nosed, mustached and mona monkeys. SIVcpz and HIV-1 are pathogenic in their respective hosts, while the phenotype of their SIVgsn/mus/mon ancestors is unknown. However, two well-studied SIV infected natural hosts, sooty mangabeys (SMs) and African green monkeys (AGMs), typically remain healthy despite high viral loads; these species express low levels of the canonical coreceptor CCR5, and recent work shows that CXCR6 is a major coreceptor for SIV in these hosts...
April 16, 2018: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659068/evolving-standards-of-care-in-the-age-of-cybertechnology
#11
Frederic G Reamer
Behavioral health professionals are making increased use of cybertechnology to deliver services to patients, communicate with patients, gather information about patients, and communicate with colleagues. The advent of cybertechnology - included the Internet, text (SMS), email, video, cloud storage of electronic records, and other forms of electronic communication and documentation - has introduced novel and unprecedented ethical and risk-management challenges. This article provides an overview of emerging issues related to informed consent; delivery of services; privacy, confidentiality, and privileged communication; boundary issues and dual relationships; documentation; and practitioners' relationships with colleagues...
March 2018: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629683/near-real-time-tracking-of-gaps-in-prevention-of-mother-to-child-transmission-of-hiv-in-three-districts-of-kwazulu-natal-province-south-africa
#12
F Moyo, A Haeri Mazanderani, S Bhardwaj, O B Mhlongo, T Kufa, K Ng'oma, B A Smith, G G Sherman
BACKGROUND: Identifying and addressing gaps in the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) is required if South Africa (SA) is to achieve targets for eliminating MTCT (eMTCT). Potential PMTCT gaps that increase MTCT risk include late maternal HIV diagnosis, lack of or delayed antiretroviral therapy (ART) during pregnancy and breastfeeding, and lack of effective prophylaxis for HIV-exposed infants. OBJECTIVES: To investigate, in near real time, PMTCT gaps among HIV-infected infants in three districts of KwaZulu-Natal Province, SA...
March 28, 2018: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629390/the-effect-of-distance-learning-via-sms-on-academic-achievement-and-satisfaction-of-medical-students
#13
Mehrdad Mohammadi Sichani, Shadi Reissizadeh Mobarakeh, Athar Omid
INTRODUCTION: Recently, medical education has made significant progress, and medical teachers are trying to find methods that have most impressive effects on learning. One of the useful learning methods is student active participation. One of the helpful teaching aids in this method is mobile technology. The present study aimed to determine the effect of sending educational questions through short message service (SMS) on academic achievement and satisfaction of medical students and compare that with lecture teaching...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627900/the-effect-of-an-interactive-follow-up-program-on-ostomy-adjustment-of-inpatients-after-their-discharge-from-surgical-wards-of-the-hospitals-affiliated-to-isfahan-university-of-medical-sciences
#14
Yaser Hamidi, Mahin Moeini, Hojatollah Yousefi
PURPOSE: Ostomy patients suffer from many physical and mental problems, which can be solved to a large extent with the help of education and follow-up programs. These follow-ups can be done in person or on the telephone by the nurses, or even, by sending a text message that is an easier way for the patients to adapt to their condition. This study aimed to investigate the effect of an interactive follow-up program on the adjustment of ostomy inpatients after being discharged. METHODS: This study is a clinical trial, conducted on 64 ostomy patients who were discharged from the surgical wards of the hospital affiliated to Isfahan University of Medical Sciences...
April 7, 2018: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627573/regulation-of-glucosylceramide-synthesis-by-golgi-localized-phosphoinositide
#15
Yohei Ishibashi, Makoto Ito, Yoshio Hirabayashi
Phosphoinositides mediate a large number of signaling processes in mammalian cells. Here, we report that phophatidylinositol-4-phosphate (PtdIns(4)P) downregulates the cellular glucosylceramide (GlcCer) level by inhibiting the interaction between GlcCer synthase (UGCG) and UDP-glucose in the Golgi apparatus. In this study, we used two PH domain probes to bind phosphoinositides; one derived from FAPP1 for targeting to the Golgi PtdIns(4)P and the other from PLC δ for targeting to the plasma membrane PtdIns(4,5)P2 ...
April 5, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625631/operationalizing-surveillance-of-chronic-disease-self-management-and-self-management-support
#16
Teresa J Brady, Jeffrey J Sacks, Albert J Terrillion, Erin M Colligan
Sixty percent of US adults have at least one chronic condition, and more than 40% have multiple conditions. Self-management (SM) by the individual, along with self-management support (SMS) by others, are nonpharmacological interventions with few side effects that are critical to optimal chronic disease control. Ruiz and colleagues laid the conceptual groundwork for surveillance of SM/SMS at 5 socio-ecological levels (individual, health system, community, policy, and media). We extend that work by proposing operationalized indicators at each socio-ecologic level and suggest that the indicators be embedded in existing surveillance systems at national, state, and local levels...
April 5, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623000/lipidomic-profiling-of-plasma-and-erythrocytes-from-septic-patients-reveals-potential-biomarker-candidates
#17
Giovana Colozza Mecatti, Marcia Cristina Fernandes Messias, Rafaela Maria Sant'Anna Paiola, Célio Fernando Figueiredo Angolini, Ildenize Barbosa da Silva Cunha, Marcos Nogueira Eberlin, Patricia de Oliveira Carvalho
Background: Sepsis remains the primary cause of death from infection, despite advances in modern medicine. The identification of reliable diagnostic biomarkers for the early detection of this disease is critical and may reduce the mortality rate as it could allow early treatment. The purpose of this study was to describe the changes in the plasma and red cells blood lipidome profiling of patients diagnosed with sepsis and septic shock with the aim to identify potentially useful metabolic markers...
2018: Biomarker Insights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616053/the-aspergillus-flavus-spermidine-synthase-spds-gene-is-required-for-normal-development-aflatoxin-production-and-pathogenesis-during-infection-of-maize-kernels
#18
Rajtilak Majumdar, Matt Lebar, Brian Mack, Rakesh Minocha, Subhash Minocha, Carol Carter-Wientjes, Christine Sickler, Kanniah Rajasekaran, Jeffrey W Cary
Aspergillus flavus is a soil-borne saprophyte and an opportunistic pathogen of both humans and plants. This fungus not only causes disease in important food and feed crops such as maize, peanut, cottonseed, and tree nuts but also produces the toxic and carcinogenic secondary metabolites (SMs) known as aflatoxins. Polyamines (PAs) are ubiquitous polycations that influence normal growth, development, and stress responses in living organisms and have been shown to play a significant role in fungal pathogenesis...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606464/delaying-fat-bloom-formation-in-dark-chocolate-by-adding-sorbitan-monostearate-or-cocoa-butter-stearin
#19
Monise Helen Masuchi Buscato, Larissa Miho Hara, Élida Castilho Bonomi, Guilherme de Andrade Calligaris, Lisandro Pavie Cardoso, Renato Grimaldi, Theo Guenter Kieckbusch
Two formulations of dark chocolate were developed by adding cocoa butter stearin (CBSt) or sorbitan monostearate (SMS) and compared to a standard formulation in order to investigate fat bloom formation over time. Fat bloom was monitored by Whiteness Index (WI), melting behavior and polymorphism determinations, in bars stored during 90 days at 20 °C and under oscillating temperature between 20 and 32 °C. All samples stored at 20 °C did not develop fat bloom and the required β(V) form was maintained...
August 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601288/emotional-numbing-symptoms-partially-mediate-the-association-between-exposure-to-potentially-morally-injurious-experiences-and-sexual-anxiety-for-male-service-members
#20
Arjun Bhalla, Elizabeth Allen, Keith Renshaw, Jessica Kenny, Brett Litz
Service members (SMs) returning from deployment are at risk of a range of sexual problems, some of which are thought to be related to psychological issues that may arise during deployment or combat. The current study sought to examine whether exposure to potentially morally injurious events (PMIEs) was associated with sexual anxiety (SA) above and beyond combat exposure and whether any such association was mediated by post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptom clusters. These questions were tested using data from self-report surveys collected from 221 partnered male Army (Active Duty, National Guard, or Reserve) SMs at three separate time points...
July 2018: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
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