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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534476/effect-of-short-message-service-on-management-of-pulmonary-tuberculosis-patients-in-anhui-province-china-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-study
#1
Xue-Hui Fang, Shi-Yang Guan, Li Tang, Fang-Biao Tao, Zheng Zou, Ji-Xiang Wang, Xiao-Hong Kan, Quan-Zhi Wang, Zhi-Ping Zhang, Hong Cao, Dong-Chun Ma, Hai-Feng Pan
BACKGROUND To explore the significance of short message service (SMS) on the management of pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) patients in reinforcing the treatment adherence and health awareness, and provide scientific evidences for popularizing this model and formulating related polices and measures. MATERIAL AND METHODS Six counties (districts) were selected by stratified cluster sampling method, and randomly divided into control group and intervention group. Pulmonary TB patients eligible to the study criteria were included in the study...
May 23, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527370/atherosclerotic-dyslipidemia-revealed-by-plasma-lipidomics-on-apoe-mice-fed-a-high-fat-diet
#2
Yanyan Chen, Shiyuan Wen, Miaomiao Jiang, Yan Zhu, Liqin Ding, Hong Shi, Pengzhi Dong, Jing Yang, Yue Yang
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The pathological process of atherosclerosis is closely related to lipid accumulation at arterial wall caused by lipoproteins transporting lipids through blood. In this study, we investigate the lipid composition in the plasma of apolipoprotein E deficient (ApoE(-/-)) mice fed a high-fat diet to reveal atherosclerosis-induced dyslipidemia. METHODS: ApoE(-/-) and corresponding wild-type C57BL/6J mice were used as the pathology model and control, respectively, and were fed a high-fat or normal diet...
May 11, 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526670/social-media-and-sexual-behavior-among-adolescents-is-there-a-link
#3
Megan Landry, Monique Turner, Amita Vyas, Susan Wood
BACKGROUND: Adolescent sexual risk taking and its consequences remain a global public health concern. Empirical evidence on the impact that social media has on sexual health behaviors among youth is sparse. OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to examine the relationship between social media and the change in sexual risk over time and whether parental monitoring moderates this relationship. METHODS: This study comprised a sample of 555 Latino youth aged 13-19 years from Maryland, United States completing baseline and follow-up surveys...
May 19, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526664/effect-of-a-counseling-session-bolstered-by-text-messaging-on-self-selected-health-behaviors-in-college-students-a-preliminary-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Janice Sandrick, Doreen Tracy, Arn Eliasson, Ashley Roth, Jeffrey Bartel, Melanie Simko, Tracy Bowman, Karen Harouse-Bell, Mariam Kashani, Marina Vernalis
BACKGROUND: The college experience is often the first time when young adults live independently and make their own lifestyle choices. These choices affect dietary behaviors, exercise habits, techniques to deal with stress, and decisions on sleep time, all of which direct the trajectory of future health. There is a need for effective strategies that will encourage healthy lifestyle choices in young adults attending college. OBJECTIVE: This preliminary randomized controlled trial tested the effect of coaching and text messages (short message service, SMS) on self-selected health behaviors in the domains of diet, exercise, stress, and sleep...
May 17, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521178/impact-of-2013-asco-cap-guidelines-on-her2-determination-of-invasive-breast-cancer-a-single-institution-experience-using-frontline-dual-color-fish
#5
M Ragazzi, A Bisagni, E Gasparini, E Kuhn, C Bassano, I Tamagnini, M Foroni, M Bortesi, G Falco, G Ferrari, L Braglia, L Savoldi, A Bologna, R Di Cicilia, G Bisagni, G Gardini
PURPOSE: The new ASCO/CAP guidelines published in 2013 (AC2013) significantly modified the scoring criteria for HER2-FISH, introducing the most controversial change to the HER2-equivocal category. We retrospectively evaluated the impact of AC2013 in a cohort of consecutive invasive breast cancers (IBCs) analyzed with frontline dual-color FISH. METHODS: 2788 consecutive IBCs were reclassified based on the AC2013 guidelines. Clinico-pathological features of equivocal IBCs were compared with HER2-negative and HER2-positive IBCs...
May 15, 2017: Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520768/mobile-phone-reminders-and-peer-counseling-improve-adherence-and-treatment-outcomes-of-patients-on-art-in-malaysia-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#6
Surajudeen Abiola Abdulrahman, Lekhraj Rampal, Faisal Ibrahim, Anuradha P Radhakrishnan, Hayati Kadir Shahar, Norlijah Othman
BACKGROUND: Adherence to treatment remains the cornerstone of long term viral suppression and successful treatment outcomes among patients receiving Antiretroviral Therapy (ART). OBJECTIVE(S): Evaluate the effectiveness of mobile phone reminders and peer counseling in improving adherence and treatment outcomes among HIV positive patients on ART in Malaysia. METHODS: A single-blind, parallel group RCT conducted in Hospital Sungai Buloh, Malaysia in which 242 adult Malaysian patients were randomized to intervention or control groups...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511132/activity-and-in-vivo-dynamics-of-bacillus-subtilis-disa-are-affected-by-rada-sms-and-by-holliday-junction-processing-proteins
#7
Carolina Gándara, Daniella K C de Lucena, Rubén Torres, Ester Serrano, Stephan Altenburger, Peter L Graumann, Juan C Alonso
Bacillus subtilis c-di-AMP synthase DisA and RecA-related RadA/Sms are involved in the repair of DNA damage in exponentially growing cells. We provide genetic evidence that DisA or RadA/Sms is epistatic to the branch migration translocase (BMT) RecG and the Holliday junction (HJ) resolvase RecU in response to DNA damage. We provide genetic evidence damage. Functional DisA-YFP formed dynamic foci in exponentially growing cells, which moved through the nucleoids at a speed compatible with a DNA-scanning mode...
May 5, 2017: DNA Repair
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506954/epxmedtracking-feasibility-evaluation-of-an-sms-based-medication-adherence-tracking-system-in-community-practice
#8
Christopher Tricarico, Robert Peters, Avik Som, Kavon Javaherian, Will Ross
BACKGROUND: Medication adherence remains a difficult problem to both assess and improve in patients. It is a multifactorial problem that goes beyond the commonly cited reason of forgetfulness. To date, eHealth (also known as mHealth and telehealth) interventions to improve medication adherence have largely been successful in improving adherence. However, interventions to date have used time- and cost-intensive strategies or focused solely on medication reminding, leaving much room for improvement in using a modality as flexible as eHealth...
May 15, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505533/discovery-and-characterization-of-selective-human-sphingomyelin-synthase-2-inhibitors
#9
Ryutaro Adachi, Kazumasa Ogawa, Shin-Ichi Matsumoto, Takuya Satou, Yukiya Tanaka, Jyunichi Sakamoto, Takashi Nakahata, Rei Okamoto, Masahiro Kamaura, Tomohiro Kawamoto
Sphingomyelin synthase (SMS) is a membrane enzyme that catalyzes the synthesis of sphingomyelin, is required for the maintenance of plasma membrane microdomain fluidity, and has two isoforms: SMS1 and SMS2. Although these isoforms exhibit the same SMS activity, they are different enzymes with distinguishable subcellular localizations. It was reported that SMS2 KO mice displayed lower inflammatory responses and anti-atherosclerotic effects, suggesting that inhibition of SMS2 would be a potential therapeutic approach for controlling inflammatory responses and atherosclerosis...
April 25, 2017: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500573/brief-report-contrasting-profiles-of-everyday-executive-functioning-in-smith-magenis-syndrome-and-down-syndrome
#10
Lucy Wilde, Chris Oliver
Everyday executive function (EF) was examined in Smith-Magenis syndrome (SMS), associated with high risk of behaviour disorder, and Down syndrome (DS), associated with relatively low risk of behaviour disorder. Caregivers of 13 children with SMS and 17 with DS rated everyday EF using the Behavioral Rating Inventory of Executive Functioning-Preschool. Greater everyday EF deficits relative to adaptive ability were evident in SMS than in DS. The SMS profile of everyday EF abilities was relatively uniform; in DS emotional control strengths and working memory weaknesses were evident...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498181/impact-of-mother-infant-pair-clinics-and-short-text-messaging-service-sms-reminders-on-retention-of-hiv-infected-women-and-hiv-exposed-infants-in-emtct-care-in-malawi-a-cluster-randomized-trial
#11
Victor Mwapasa, Jessica Joseph, Timothy Tchereni, Aurelie Jousset, Andrews Gunda
BACKGROUND: Poor retention of mothers and HIV-exposed infants (HEIs) in HIV care threatens efforts to eliminate pediatric HIV. Novel strategies are required to address this challenge. We compared 12-month maternal and HEI postpartum retention in health facilities implementing the following HIV care delivery models: integrated HIV and maternal, neonatal, and child health services [mother-infant pair (MIP) clinics], MIP clinics plus short-text messaging service (SMS) reminders to prevent default (MIP + SMS), and standard of care (SOC)...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489091/role-of-missing-carotenoid-in-reducing-the-fluorescence-of-single-monomeric-photosystem-ii-core-complexes
#12
Sepideh Skandary, Frank Müh, Imran Ashraf, Mohamed Ibrahim, Michael Metzger, Athina Zouni, Alfred J Meixner, Marc Brecht
The fluorescence of monomeric photosystem II core complexes (mPSIIcc) of the cyanobacterium Thermosynechococcus elongatus, originating from redissolved crystals, is investigated by using single-molecule spectroscopy (SMS) at 1.6 K. The emission spectra of individual mPSIIcc are dominated by sharp zero-phonon lines, showing the existence of different emitters compatible with the F685, F689, and F695 bands reported formerly. The intensity of F695 is reduced in single mPSIIcc as compared to single PSIIcc-dimers (dPSIIcc)...
May 10, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488075/effects-of-phacoemulsification-with-versus-without-viscoelastic-devices-on-surgical-outcomes
#13
İbrahim Taşkın, Lokman Aslan
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to report surgical outcomes in patients undergoing phacoemulsification surgery (PE) with versus without ophthalmic viscosurgical devices (OVDs). METHODS: This is a comparative case series study. In total, 145 patients who performed PE with OVDs in 68 eyes (Group 1) and without OVD in 77 eyes (Group 2) were enrolled. A comprehensive ophthalmological examination was performed including slit-lamp, fundus examination. Best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), intraocular pressure (IOP) specular endothelial microscopy (SM), and ultrasound pachymetry (UP) were also measured before surgery and at four-time points postoperatively...
May 9, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481262/perception-knowledge-and-behaviors-related-to-typhoon-a-cross-sectional-study-among-rural-residents-in-zhejiang-china
#14
Wenchao Zhang, Wei Wang, Junfen Lin, Ying Zhang, Xiaopeng Shang, Xin Wang, Meilin Huang, Shike Liu, Wei Ma
(1) The objective of this study was to assess the risk perceptions, attitudes, knowledge, and behaviors related to typhoon among rural residents in Zhejiang province of China. A cross-sectional study was conducted among rural residents in Zhejiang province, China. Information was collected from 659 participants using a structured questionnaire. Univariate analysis and multivariable analysis were used to analyze the data. Participants were most concerned about property damage, followed by their health and life...
May 6, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476728/building-the-evidence-base-for-remote-data-collection-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-comparing-reliability-and-accuracy-across-survey-modalities
#15
Abigail R Greenleaf, Dustin G Gibson, Christelle Khattar, Alain B Labrique, George W Pariyo
BACKGROUND: Given the growing interest in mobile data collection due to the proliferation of mobile phone ownership and network coverage in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), we synthesized the evidence comparing estimates of health outcomes from multiple modes of data collection. In particular, we reviewed studies that compared a mode of remote data collection with at least one other mode of data collection to identify mode effects and areas for further research. OBJECTIVE: The study systematically reviewed and summarized the findings from articles and reports that compare a mode of remote data collection to at least one other mode...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476725/mobile-phone-surveys-for-collecting-population-level-estimates-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-literature-review
#16
Dustin G Gibson, Amanda Pereira, Brooke A Farrenkopf, Alain B Labrique, George W Pariyo, Adnan A Hyder
BACKGROUND: National and subnational level surveys are important for monitoring disease burden, prioritizing resource allocation, and evaluating public health policies. As mobile phone access and ownership become more common globally, mobile phone surveys (MPSs) offer an opportunity to supplement traditional public health household surveys. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to systematically review the current landscape of MPSs to collect population-level estimates in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs)...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475458/mda5-associated-neuroinflammation-and-the-singleton-merten-syndrome-two-faces-of-the-same-type-i-interferonopathy-spectrum
#17
Insa Buers, Gillian I Rice, Yanick J Crow, Frank Rutsch
In 1973, Singleton and Merten described a new syndrome in 2 female probands with aortic and cardiac valve calcifications, early loss of secondary dentition, and widened medullary cavities of the phalanges. In 1984, Aicardi and Goutières defined a phenotype resembling congenital viral infection with basal ganglia calcification and increased protein content in the cerebrospinal fluid. Between 2006 and 2012, mutations in 6 different genes were described to be associated with Aicardi-Goutières syndrome, specifically-TREX1, RNASEH2A, RNASEH2B, RNASEH2C, ADAR, and SAMHD1...
May 2017: Journal of Interferon & Cytokine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472384/sms-smart-model-selection-in-phyml
#18
Vincent Lefort, Jean-Emmanuel Longueville, Olivier Gascuel
Model selection using likelihood-based criteria (e.g. AIC) is one of the first steps in phylogenetic analysis. One must select both a substitution matrix and a model for rates across sites. A simple method is to test all combinations and select the best one. We describe heuristics to avoid these extensive calculations. Runtime is divided by ∼2 with results remaining nearly the same, and the method performs well compared to ProtTest and jModelTest2. Our software, "Smart Model Selection" (SMS), is implemented in the PhyML environment and available using two interfaces: command-line (to be integrated in pipelines) and a web server (http://www...
May 2, 2017: Molecular Biology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469610/co-culturing-of-fungal-strains-against-botrytis-cinerea-as-a-model-for-the-induction-of-chemical-diversity-and-therapeutic-agents
#19
Rachel Serrano, Víctor González-Menéndez, Lorena Rodríguez, Jesús Martín, José R Tormo, Olga Genilloud
New fungal SMs (SMs) have been successfully described to be produced by means of in vitro-simulated microbial community interactions. Co-culturing of fungi has proved to be an efficient way to induce cell-cell interactions that can promote the activation of cryptic pathways, frequently silent when the strains are grown in laboratory conditions. Filamentous fungi represent one of the most diverse microbial groups known to produce bioactive natural products. Triggering the production of novel antifungal compounds in fungi could respond to the current needs to fight health compromising pathogens and provide new therapeutic solutions...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467976/increase-in-the-admission-of-stroke-mimics-after-change-in-emergency-shifts
#20
Mariana Vargas, Mariana Costa, Teresa Pinho E Melo, José M Ferro, Ana Catarina Fonseca
BACKGROUND: In 2010, changes were made to the shift pattern of neurology residents for cover in the Emergency Department at a university hospital. This resulted in a decrease in the number of emergency hours worked by neurology specialists and allowed for a natural quasi-experiment. AIM: We aimed to evaluate if changes to the number of emergency hours worked by neurology residents and specialist neurologists, (intervention) altered the number or pattern of admitted stroke mimics (SMs)...
May 4, 2017: Cerebrovascular Diseases
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