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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457508/integrative-review-of-mobile-phone-contacts-and-medication-adherence-in-severe-mental-illness
#1
Cordellia E Bright
BACKGROUND: Poor medication adherence is a significant problem in individuals with severe mental illness (SMI). About 50% of people with SMI become nonadherent to treatment in the first month following discharge from the hospital. OBJECTIVE: This study examined literature in the past decade (2006-2016) on the use of mobile phone contacts in individuals with SMI to improve medication adherence post hospital discharge. DESIGN: This integrative review used the search terms texting, text messaging, SMS, cell/mobile phone, medication adherence, medication compliance, and mental illness...
February 1, 2018: Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452589/does-additional-support-provided-through-e-mail-or-sms-in-a-web-based-social-marketing-program-improve-children-s-food-consumption-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Natalie Rangelov, Sara Della Bella, Pedro Marques-Vidal, L Suzanne Suggs
BACKGROUND: The FAN Social Marketing program was developed to improve dietary and physical activity habits of families with children in Ticino, Switzerland. The aim of this study was to examine if the effects of the program on children's food intake differed by intervention group. METHODS: Effects of the FAN program were tested through a Randomized Controlled Trial. The program lasted 8 weeks, during which participants received tailored communication about nutrition and physical activity...
February 16, 2018: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444994/life-cycle-assessment-of-cleanroom-coveralls-reusable-and-disposable
#3
Eric Vozzola, Michael Overcash, Evan Griffing
Cleanroom garments serve a critical role in such industries as pharmaceuticals, life sciences, and semiconductor manufacturing. These textiles are available in reusable and disposable alternatives. In this report, the environmental sustainability of cleanroom coveralls is examined using life cycle assessment technology. The complete supply chain, manufacture, use, and end-of-life phases for reusable and disposable cleanroom coveralls are compared on a cradle-to-end-of-life cycle basis. Three industry representative coveralls are examined: a reusable woven polyethylene terephthalate (PET) coverall, a disposable flash spunbonded high density polyethylene (HDPE) coverall, and a disposable spunbond-meltblown-spunbond polypropylene (SMS PP) coverall...
February 14, 2018: PDA Journal of Pharmaceutical Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437252/high-temporal-resolution-motion-estimation-using-a-self-navigated-simultaneous-multi-slice-echo-planar-imaging-acquisition
#4
Jose R Teruel, Joshua M Kuperman, Anders M Dale, Nathan S White
BACKGROUND: Subject motion is known to produce spurious covariance among time-series in functional connectivity that has been reported to induce distance-dependent spurious correlations. PURPOSE: To present a feasibility study for applying the extended Kalman filter (EKF) framework for high temporal resolution motion correction of resting state functional MRI (rs-fMRI) series using each simultaneous multi-slice (SMS) echo planar imaging (EPI) shot as its own navigator...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430762/assessment-of-cost-effective-changes-to-the-current-and-potential-provision-of-smoking-cessation-services-an-analysis-based-on-the-equiptmod
#5
Charlotte Anraad, Kei-Long Cheung, Mickaël Hiligsmann, Kathryn Coyle, Doug Coyle, Lesley Owen, Robert West, Hein de Vries, Silvia M Evers, Subhash Pokhrel
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Increasing the reach of smoking cessation services and/or including new but effective medications to the current provision may provide significant health and economic benefits; the scale of such benefits is currently unknown. The aim of this study was to estimate the cost-effectiveness from a health-care perspective of viable national level changes in smoking cessation provision in the Netherlands and England. METHODS: A Markov-based state transition model [European study on Quantifying Utility of Investment in Protection from Tobacco model (EQUIPTMOD)] was used to estimate costs and benefits [expressed in quality-adjusted life years (QALY)] of changing the current provision of smoking cessation programmes in the Netherlands and England...
February 11, 2018: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429438/validation-of-the-simplified-motor-score-in-patients-with-traumatic-brain-injury-at-a-major-trauma-centre-in-south-africa
#6
J J P Buitendag, A Ras, V Y Kong, J L Bruce, G L Laing, D L Clarke, P Brysiewicz
BACKGROUND: This study used data from a large prospectively entered database to assess the efficacy of the motor score (M score) component of the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) and the Simplified Motor Score (SMS) in predicting overall outcome in patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI). OBJECTIVE: To safely and reliably simplify the scoring system used to assess level of consciousness of trauma patients in the acute setting. METHODS: A retrospective observational review of the Pietermaritzburg Metropolitan Trauma Service hybrid electronic medical registry database was performed during the period January 2013 - December 2015...
February 1, 2018: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427405/robust-sense-reconstruction-of-simultaneous-multislice-epi-with-low-rank-enhanced-coil-sensitivity-calibration-and-slice-dependent-2d-nyquist-ghost-correction
#7
Mengye Lyu, Markus Barth, Victor B Xie, Yilong Liu, Xin Ma, Yanqiu Feng, Ed X Wu
PURPOSE: To improve simultaneous multislice (SMS) EPI by robust Nyquist ghost correction in both coil sensitivity calibration and SMS reconstruction. METHODS: To derive coil sensitivity and slice-dependent phase difference map between positive- and negative-echo images, single-band EPI reference data are fully sampled with EPI parameters matched to SMS acquisition. First, the reference data are organized into positive- and negative-echo virtual channels where missing data are estimated using low-rank-based simultaneous autocalibrating and k-space estimation (SAKE) at small matrix size...
February 9, 2018: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427393/dynamic-2d-self-phase-map-nyquist-ghost-correction-for-simultaneous-multi-slice-echo-planar-imaging
#8
Uten Yarach, Yi-Hang Tung, Kawin Setsompop, Myung-Ho In, Itthi Chatnuntawech, Renat Yakupov, Frank Godenschweger, Oliver Speck
PURPOSE: To develop a reconstruction pipeline that intrinsically accounts for both simultaneous multislice echo planar imaging (SMS-EPI) reconstruction and dynamic slice-specific Nyquist ghosting correction in time-series data. METHODS: After 1D slice-group average phase correction, the separate polarity (i.e., even and odd echoes) SMS-EPI data were unaliased by slice GeneRalized Autocalibrating Partial Parallel Acquisition. Both the slice-unaliased even and odd echoes were jointly reconstructed using a model-based framework, extended for SMS-EPI reconstruction that estimates a 2D self-phase map, corrects dynamic slice-specific phase errors, and combines data from all coils and echoes to obtain the final images...
February 9, 2018: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424460/dual-polarity-slice-grappa-for-concurrent-ghost-correction-and-slice-separation-in-simultaneous-multi-slice-epi
#9
W Scott Hoge, Kawin Setsompop, Jonathan R Polimeni
PURPOSE: A ghost correction strategy for Simultaneous Multi-Slice (SMS) EPI methods that provides improved ghosting artifact reduction compared to conventional methods is presented. Conventional Nyquist ghost correction methods for SMS-EPI rely on navigator data that contain phase errors from all slices in the simultaneously acquired slice-group. These navigator data may contain spatially nonlinear phase differences near regions of B0 inhomogeneity, which violates the linear model employed by most EPI ghost correction algorithms, resulting in poor reconstructions...
February 9, 2018: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420771/genitourinary-injuries-among-female-u-s-service-members-during-operation-iraqi-freedom-and-operation-enduring-freedom-findings-from-the-trauma-outcomes-and-urogenital-health-tough-project
#10
Amy M Reed, Judson C Janak, Jean A Orman, Steven J Hudak
Introduction: Until recently, female U.S. service members (SMs) have not been permitted to serve in direct combat roles. However, during Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) and Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF), a large number of female SMs have been wounded while serving in combat support roles. This included an unprecedented number of women with genitourinary (GU) injuries. No previous studies have reported either the incidence or clinical picture of these injuries. The objective of this study is to describe the epidemiology of GU injuries among female U...
February 6, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408461/impacts-of-simultaneous-multislice-acquisition-on-sensitivity-and-specificity-in-fmri
#11
Benjamin B Risk, Mary C Kociuba, Daniel B Rowe
Simultaneous multislice (SMS) imaging can be used to decrease the time between acquisition of fMRI volumes, which can increase sensitivity by facilitating the removal of higher-frequency artifacts and boosting effective sample size. The technique requires an additional processing step in which the slices are separated, or unaliased, to recover the whole brain volume. However, this may result in signal "leakage" between aliased locations, i.e., slice "leakage," and lead to spurious activation (decreased specificity)...
February 3, 2018: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405145/aetiological-study-of-viruses-causing-acute-encephalitis-syndrome-in-north-west-india
#12
Jitendra Kumar Tiwari, Bharti Malhotra, Aradhana Chauhan, Hemant Malhotra, Pratibha Sharma, Farah Deeba, Khushbu Trivedi, Anjenya M Swamy
CONTEXT: Acute encephalitis syndrome (AES) is a serious public health problem, caused mainly by viruses. However, the profile of viruses causing AES in Rajasthan is not well characterised. AIMS: The present study was undertaken to identify the viruses causing AES and develop diagnostic algorithm so as to help in improved diagnosis, treatment, prevention and control. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: The present study is a hospital-based descriptive, observational study...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29404645/-from-stiff-man-syndrome-to-stiff-person-spectrum-disorders
#13
H-M Meinck, B Balint
The identification of new variants of the stiff man syndrome (SMS) and of new, probably pathogenic neuronal autoantibodies has led to the concept of stiff man (or person) spectrum disorders (SPSD). This is an expanding group of rare chronic autoimmune inflammatory diseases of the central nervous system (CNS) that have in common the main symptoms of fluctuating rigidity and spasms with pronounced stimulus sensitivity. These core symptoms are mandatory and can be accompanied by a wide variety of other neurological signs...
February 2018: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29404294/short-message-service-prompted-mouth-self-examination-in-oral-cancer-patients-as-an-alternative-to-frequent-hospital-based-surveillance
#14
Sagar Vaishampayan, Akshat Malik, Prashant Pawar, Kavi Arya, Pankaj Chaturvedi
Introduction: Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) are amongst commonest cancer in the Indian sub-continent. After treatment, these patients require frequent followup to look for recurrences/second primary. Mouth Self Examination (MSE) has a great potential in all levels of prevention of oral cancer. However, the compliance to self-examination has been reported as poor. Mobile phone is a cheap and effective way to reach out to people. Short Message Service (SMS) is extremely popular can be a very effective motivational and interactive tool in health care setting...
October 2017: South Asian Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397942/senescence-messaging-secretome-factors-trigger-premature-senescence-in-human-endometrium-derived-stem-cells
#15
Irina O Vassilieva, Galina F Reshetnikova, Alla N Shatrova, Nataliya V Tsupkina, Marianna V Kharchenko, Larisa L Alekseenko, Nikolay N Nikolsky, Elena B Burova
Accumulating evidence suggests that the senescence-messaging secretome (SMS) factors released by senescent cells play a key role in cellular senescence and physiological aging. Phenomenon of the senescence induction in human endometrium-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MESCs) in response to SMS factors has not yet been described. In present study, we examine a hypothesis whether the conditioned medium from senescent cells (CM-old) may promote premature senescence of young MESCs. In this case, we assume that SMS factors, containing in CM-old are capable to trigger senescence mechanism in a paracrine manner...
January 31, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389333/targeted-cancer-therapies-oral-health-care-implications
#16
Eleni Georgakopoulou, Justin Stebbing, Crispian Scully
BACKGROUND: Targeted treatments have been incorporated into oncology protocols, often with more traditional therapies, and are not totally free of adverse reactions, some of which affect the orofacial region. METHODS: The authors searched PubMed, the Cochrane Library, and the US Food and Drug Administration Approved Drug Products database to identify reported adverse effects of targeted agents in the orofacial region as well as other implications in oral health care...
February 2018: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387313/a-systematic-review-on-reminder-systems-in-physical-therapy
#17
REVIEW
Majid Jangi, Cesar Ferandez-de-Las-Penas, Mahmoud Tara, Fateme Moghbeli, Fariba Ghaderi, Khodabakhsh Javanshir
Background: The main goal of physical therapy is to help the patient gain a better health status. Several studies have investigated the use of reminders to prevent such failures on the patients' side. This article presents a systematic review of the literature concerning reminders in physical therapy. Methods: Databases were searched until May 2017 and literatures were found from April 1992 until 2017. The literature recruitment strategy was based on applying several keywords and Medical Subject Heading (MeSH) combination running against title and abstract, including concepts such as reminder, physical therapy...
2018: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382163/interacting-environmental-stress-factors-affects-targeted-metabolomic-profiles-in-stored-natural-wheat-and-that-inoculated-with-f-graminearum
#18
Esther Garcia-Cela, Elisavet Kiaitsi, Angel Medina, Michael Sulyok, Rudolf Krska, Naresh Magan
Changes in environmental stress impact on secondary metabolite (SM) production profiles. Few studies have examined targeted SM production patterns in relation to interacting environmental conditions in stored cereals. The objectives were to examine the effect of water activity (aw; 0.95-0.90) x temperature (10-25 °C) on SM production on naturally contaminated stored wheat and that inoculated with Fusarium graminearum. Samples were analysed using Liquid Chromatography-Tandem Mass Spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) on (a) total number of known SMs, (b) their concentrations and (c) changes under environmental stress...
January 29, 2018: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29376734/measuring-the-effectiveness-of-patient-chosen-reminder-methods-in-a-private-orthodontic-practice
#19
Lauren M Wegrzyniak, Deborah Hedderly, Kishore Chaudry, Prashanti Bollu
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of patient-chosen appointment reminder methods (phone call, e-mail, or SMS text) in reducing no-show rates. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective case study that determined the correlation between patient-chosen appointment reminder methods and no-show rates in a private orthodontic practice. This study was conducted in a single office location of a multioffice private orthodontic practice using data gathered in 2015...
January 29, 2018: Angle Orthodontist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370744/protocol-for-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-on-information-technology-enabled-nutrition-intervention-among-urban-adults-in-chandigarh-india-smart-eating-trial
#20
Jasvir Kaur, Manmeet Kaur, Jacqui Webster, Rajesh Kumar
Nutrition is an important determinant of health. At present, nutrition programs in India mainly emphasize improving maternal and child nutrition. Adult nutrition has not received due attention, though diseases like hypertension and diabetes are largely preventable through changes in dietary and physical activity behaviour. Little is known about the best approaches to improve dietary behaviours, especially the role of modern information technology (IT) in health education. We describe the protocol of the SMART Eating (Small, Measurable and Achievable dietary changes by Reducing fat, sugar and salt consumption and Trying different fruits and vegetables) health promotion intervention...
2018: Global Health Action
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