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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055207/hormonal-contraceptive-use-in-smokers-prevalence-of-use-and-associations-with-smoking-motives
#1
Alicia M Allen, Kim Lundeen, Lynn E Eberly, Sharon S Allen, Mustafa al'Absi, Myra Muramoto, Dorothy Hatsukami
INTRODUCTION: While endogenous sex hormones influence smoking-related outcomes, little is known about the role of hormonal contraceptives (HCs). This is despite dated estimates suggesting that HC use is prevalent among female smokers. Therefore, we sought to update estimates of the prevalence of HC use among female smokers and explore the association of HC use with various smoking motives (SMs). METHODS: This online cross-sectional survey recruited female smokers between the ages of 18-35...
October 13, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053806/independent-association-of-plasma-hydroxysphingomyelins-with-physical-function-in-the-atherosclerosis-risk-in-communities-aric-study
#2
Danni Li, Jeffrey R Misialek, Fangying Huang, B Gwen Windham, Fang Yu, Alvaro Alonso
Background: Plasma metabolites such as phosphatidylcholines (PCs) and sphingomyelins (SMs) are associated with in age-related cognitive decline. However, their relations to age-related physical function decline remain largely unknown. Methods: We examined the cross-sectional relations of 12 plasma metabolites (including 4 PCs and 4 SMs) with physical function in 383 older adults in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities study at the fifth exam (2011-13, mean age [standard deviation (SD)]: 78...
October 19, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052529/evaluating-a-multi-component-community-based-program-to-improve-adherence-and-retention-in-care-among-adolescents-living-with-hiv-in-zimbabwe-study-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Webster Mavhu, Nicola Willis, Juliet Mufuka, Collin Mangenah, Kudzanayi Mvududu, Sarah Bernays, Walter Mangezi, Tsitsi Apollo, Ricardo Araya, Helen A Weiss, Frances M Cowan
BACKGROUND: World Health Organization (WHO) adolescent HIV-testing and treatment guidelines recommend community-based interventions to support antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence and retention in care, while acknowledging that the evidence to support this recommendation is weak. This cluster randomized controlled trial aims to evaluate the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of a psychosocial, community-based intervention on HIV-related and psychosocial outcomes. METHODS/DESIGN: We are conducting the trial in two districts...
October 20, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052021/a-new-approach-to-predict-user-mobility-using-semantic-analysis-and-machine-learning
#4
Roshan Fernandes, Rio D'Souza G L
Mobility prediction is a technique in which the future location of a user is identified in a given network. Mobility prediction provides solutions to many day-to-day life problems. It helps in seamless handovers in wireless networks to provide better location based services and to recalculate paths in Mobile Ad hoc Networks (MANET). In the present study, a framework is presented which predicts user mobility in presence and absence of mobility history. Naïve Bayesian classification algorithm and Markov Model are used to predict user future location when user mobility history is available...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051634/low-sat-structured-fats-enriched-in-%C3%AE-linolenic-acid-physicochemical-properties-and-crystallization-characteristics
#5
Marcella Aparecida Stahl, Monise Helen Masuchi Buscato, Renato Grimaldi, Lisandro Pavie Cardoso, Ana Paula Badan Ribeiro
This work sought to obtain and evaluate zero trans-fat reduced in saturated fatty acids, with higher content of unsaturated fatty acids. Palm oil (PO) was used as the reference of zero trans lipid base. Different amounts of linseed oil (LO) were added to PO, obtaining the following blends: 100:0; 80:20; 60:40; 40:60; 20:80 and 0:100 of PO:LO (w/w%), respectively. These blends were added to fully hydrogenated soybean oil (FHSO) as the crystallization modifying agent, and to sorbitan monostearate (SMS) as the structuring element, both at a proportion of 3% to build the structured fractions...
October 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048966/text-messaging-for-improving-antiretroviral-therapy-adherence-no-effects-after-1-year-in-a-randomized-controlled-trial-among-adolescents-and-young-adults
#6
Sebastian Linnemayr, Haijing Huang, Jill Luoto, Andrew Kambugu, Harsha Thirumurthy, Jessica Haberer, Glenn Wagner, Barbara Mukasa
OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of Short Message Service (SMS) reminder messages on antiretroviral and cotrimoxazole prophylaxis adherence among HIV-positive youths as well as the relative effectiveness of SMS with and without a response option. METHODS: Eligible HIV-positive patients aged 15 to 22 years at 2 HIV clinics in Kampala, Uganda, participated in a year-long parallel individual-randomized controlled trial and were assigned in a 1-to-1-to-1 ratio to a weekly SMS message group, weekly SMS message with response option group, or a usual-care control group...
October 19, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042341/pain-self-management-for-veterans-development-and-pilot-test-of-a-stage-based-mobile-optimized-intervention
#7
Sara S Johnson, Deborah A Levesque, Lynne E Broderick, Dustin G Bailey, Robert D Kerns
BACKGROUND: Chronic pain is a significant public health burden affecting more Americans than cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and cancer combined. Veterans are disproportionately affected by chronic pain. Among previously deployed soldiers and veterans, the prevalence of chronic pain is estimated between 44% and 60%. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this research was to develop and pilot-test Health eRide: Your Journey to Managing Pain, a mobile pain self-management program for chronic musculoskeletal pain for veterans...
October 17, 2017: JMIR Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041092/compact-and-broadband-antenna-based-on-a-step-shaped-metasurface
#8
Ximing Li, Jingjing Yang, Yun Feng, Meixia Yang, Ming Huang
A metasurface (MS) is highly useful for improving the performance of patch antennae and reducing their size due to their inherent and unique electromagnetic properties. In this paper, a compact and broadband antenna based on a step-shaped metasurface (SMS) at an operating frequency of 4.3 GHz is presented, which is fed by a planar monopole and enabled by selecting an SMS with high selectivity. The SMS consists of an array of metallic step-shaped unit cells underneath the monopole, which provide footprint miniaturization and bandwidth expansion...
August 7, 2017: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036470/corrigendum-to-evaluating-the-reliability-validity-acceptability-and-practicality-of-sms-text-messaging-as-a-tool-to-collect-research-data-results-from-the-feeding-your-baby-project
#9
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 23, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032427/soft-mechanical-stimulation-induces-a-defense-response-against-botrytis-cinerea-in-strawberry
#10
Rodrigo Hernán Tomas-Grau, Fernando José Requena-Serra, Verónica Hael-Conrad, Martín Gustavo Martínez-Zamora, María Fernanda Guerrero-Molina, Juan Carlos Díaz-Ricci
Genes associated with plant mechanical stimulation were found in strawberry genome. A soft mechanical stimulation (SMS) induces molecular and biochemical changes in strawberry plants, conferring protection against Botrytis cinerea. Plants have the capacity to induce a defense response after exposure to abiotic stresses acquiring resistance towards pathogens. It was reported that when leaves of Arabidopsis thaliana were wounded or treated with a soft mechanical stimulation (SMS), they could resist much better the attack of the fungal pathogen Botrytis cinerea, and this effect was accompanied by an oxidative burst and the expression of touch-inducible genes (TCH)...
October 14, 2017: Plant Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025693/characterizing-active-ingredients-of-ehealth-interventions-targeting-persons-with-poorly-controlled-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-using-the-behavior-change-techniques-taxonomy-scoping-review
#11
Mihiretu M Kebede, Tatjana P Liedtke, Tobias Möllers, Claudia R Pischke
BACKGROUND: The behavior change technique taxonomy v1 (BCTTv1; Michie and colleagues, 2013) is a comprehensive tool to characterize active ingredients of interventions and includes 93 labels that are hierarchically clustered into 16 hierarchical clusters. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify the active ingredients in electronic health (eHealth) interventions targeting patients with poorly controlled type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and relevant outcomes...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025127/are-participants-concerned-about-privacy-and-security-when-using-short-message-service-to-report-product-adherence-in-a-rectal-microbicide-trial
#12
Rebecca Giguere, William Brown Iii, Ivan C Balán, Curtis Dolezal, Titcha Ho, Alan Sheinfil, Mobolaji Ibitoye, Javier R Lama, Ian McGowan, Ross D Cranston, Alex Carballo-Diéguez
Objective: During a Phase 2 rectal microbicide trial, men who have sex with men and transgender women (n = 187) in 4 countries (Peru, South Africa, Thailand, United States) reported product use daily via short message service (SMS). To prevent disclosure of study participation, the SMS system program included privacy and security features. We evaluated participants' perceptions of privacy while using the system and acceptability of privacy/security features. Materials and Methods: To protect privacy, the SMS system: (1) confirmed participant availability before sending the study questions, (2) required a password, and (3) did not reveal product name or study participation...
August 24, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017521/an-integrative-review-of-e-learning-in-the-delivery-of-self-management-support-training-for-health-professionals
#13
Sharon Lawn, Xiaojuan Zhi, Andrea Morello
BACKGROUND: E-learning involves delivery of education through Information and Communication Technology (ITC) using a wide variety of instructional designs, including synchronous and asynchronous formats. It can be as effective as face-to-face training for many aspects of health professional training. There are, however, particular practices and skills needed in providing patient self-management support, such as partnering with patients in goal-setting, which may challenge conventional practice norms...
October 10, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016877/work-related-stress-assessed-by-a-text-message-single-item-stress-question
#14
B Arapovic-Johansson, C Wåhlin, L Kwak, C Björklund, I Jensen
Background: Given the prevalence of work stress-related ill-health in the Western world, it is important to find cost-effective, easy-to-use and valid measures which can be used both in research and in practice. Aims: To examine the validity and reliability of the single-item stress question (SISQ), distributed weekly by short message service (SMS) and used for measurement of work-related stress. Methods: The convergent validity was assessed through associations between the SISQ and subscales of the Job Demand-Control-Support model, the Effort-Reward Imbalance model and scales measuring depression, exhaustion and sleep...
August 18, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994805/bouncing-ball-with-a-uniformly-varying-velocity-in-a-metronome-synchronization-task
#15
Yingyu Huang, Li Gu, Junkai Yang, Xiang Wu
Sensorimotor synchronization (SMS), a fundamental human ability to coordinate movements with external rhythms, has long been thought to be modality specific. In the canonical metronome synchronization task that requires tapping a finger along with an isochronous sequence, a well-established finding is that synchronization is much more stable to an auditory sequence consisting of auditory tones than to a visual sequence consisting of visual flashes. However, recent studies have shown that periodically moving visual stimuli can substantially improve synchronization compared with visual flashes...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990135/text-messaging-sms-helping-cancer-care-in-patients-undergoing-chemotherapy-treatment-a-pilot-study
#16
Timóteo Matthies Rico, Karina Dos Santos Machado, Vanessa Pellegrini Fernandes, Samanta Winck Madruga, Patrícia Tuerlinckx Noguez, Camila Rose Guadalupe Barcelos, Mateus Madail Santin, Cristiane Rios Petrarca, Samuel Carvalho Dumith
Cancer treatment is an extremely stressful life experience that is accompanied by a range of psychological, social, physical, and practical difficulties. Cancer patients need to receive information that helps them to better understand the disease, assists them in decision-making, and helps them deal with treatment. Patients are interested in receiving such information. The degree of satisfaction with the information received has been associated with positive health outcomes, specifically regarding quality of life, severity of side effects, and psychological well-being...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988493/goal-feedback-from-whom-a-physical-activity-intervention-using-an-n-of-1-rct
#17
Erin E Brannon, Christopher C Cushing, Ryan W Walters, Christopher Crick, Amy E Noser, Larry L Mullins
OBJECTIVE: Adolescents are not meeting the recommended guidelines for physical activity. Social support and self-regulatory skills are two factors known to impact physical activity and sedentary behaviour. The study sought to examine how targeting feedback as part of a self-regulatory process could increase physical activity, and the individual who should be providing the feedback. DESIGN: The study utilised an aggregated N-of-1 RCT which allows for an iterative process of intervention development, and examines variability within participants to answer the question for whom did the intervention work...
October 9, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982477/sorption-of-three-synthetic-musks-by-microplastics
#18
Xiaojun Zhang, Minggang Zheng, Ling Wang, Yinghua Lou, Lei Shi, Shujun Jiang
Microplastics and synthetic musks (SMs) are two typical organic pollutants in the marine environment. In this study, the sorption of three SMs to microplastics in a simulated seawater environment was examined. Tonalide (AHTN), musk xylene (MX), and musk ketone (MK) were the musks investigated, while polypropylene (PP) was used as the microplastic. It was found that the equilibrium sorption time was about 10h and the adsorption kinetics model conformed to a Lagergren adsorption model. The adsorption capacity increased with decreasing particle size...
October 2, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978498/a-mobile-phone-based-life-skills-training-program-for-substance-use-prevention-among-adolescents-pre-post-study-on-the-acceptance-and-potential-effectiveness-of-the-program-ready4life
#19
Severin Haug, Raquel Paz Castro, Christian Meyer, Andreas Filler, Tobias Kowatsch, Michael P Schaub
BACKGROUND: Substance use and misuse often first emerge during adolescence. Generic life skills training that is typically conducted within the school curriculum is effective at preventing the onset and escalation of substance use among adolescents. However, the dissemination of such programs is impeded by their large resource requirements in terms of personnel, money, and time. Life skills training provided via mobile phones might be a more economic and scalable approach, which additionally matches the lifestyle and communication habits of adolescents...
October 4, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970644/using-cell-phones-for-data-collection-benefits-outcomes-and-intervention-possibilities-with-homeless-youth
#20
Kimberly A Tyler, Rachel M Schmitz
While many homeless youth use cell phones to stay socially connected, and maintaining positive social ties can contribute to pathways out of homelessness, little is known about how using cell phones for data collection can improve these young people's lives. We conducted baseline and follow-up interviews with 150 homeless youth as well as provided them with a cell phone for 30 days to gather daily data using short message service (SMS) surveying. This paper examines youths' opinions about study participation and how they used the cell phone...
March 2017: Children and Youth Services Review
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