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Mandibular advancement appliances

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129030/effects-of-cpap-and-mandibular-advancement-device-treatment-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Martha Schwartz, Luis Acosta, Yuan-Lung Hung, Mariela Padilla, Reyes Enciso
The purpose of this review is to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis comparing the effects of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) with a mandibular advancement device (MAD) in improving the quality of life (sleepiness, cognitive, and functional outcomes) in patients diagnosed with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Authors identified randomized, placebo-controlled studies from MEDLINE through PubMed, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library. Studies were assessed for inclusion and exclusion criteria, as well as risk of bias...
November 11, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090478/reliability-of-an-adherence-monitoring-sensor-embedded-in-an-oral-appliance-used-for-treatment-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#2
K Gjerde, S Lehmann, I F Naterstad, M E Berge, A Johansson
The aim of this study was to test if digitally registered use of a Mandibular Advancement Device (MAD) by a built-in thermal sensor was reliable compared to a self-reported diary of MAD use. Eighty consecutive patients referred to a specialist outpatient sleep medicine clinic (HUS) were recruited. Patients of both genders aged from 25 to 70 years with a diagnosis of mild to moderate or severe OSA, were included. All participants signed a written informed consent when they received the MAD. For the purpose of this reliability study, we found it sufficient to include the first 30 nights of MAD use in the reliability analysis...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059289/bonded-versus-vacuum-formed-retainers-a-randomized-controlled-trial-part-1-stability-retainer-survival-and-patient-satisfaction-outcomes-after-12-months
#3
Katherine Forde, Madeleine Storey, Simon J Littlewood, Paul Scott, Friedy Luther, Jing Kang
Background: There is a shortage of evidence on the best type of retainer. Objectives: Evaluate upper and lower bonded retainers (BRs) versus upper and lower vacuum-formed retainers (VFRs) over 12 months, in terms of stability, retainer survival, and patient satisfaction. Trial design: Two-arm parallel group multi-centre randomized controlled clinical trial. Methods: Sixty consecutive patients completing fixed appliance therapy and requiring retainers were recruited from 3 hospital departments...
October 20, 2017: European Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045745/long-term-oral-appliance-therapy-improves-daytime-function-and-mood-in-upper-airway-resistance-syndrome-patients
#4
Luciana B M Godoy, Luciana Palombini, Dalva Poyares, Cibele Dal-Fabbro, Thaís Moura Guimarães, Priscila Calixto Klichouvicz, Sergio Tufik, Sonia Maria Togeiro
Objectives: To evaluate the long term effects of an oral appliance on clinical symptoms, respiratory sleep parameters, sleep quality and sustained attention in patients with Upper Airway Resistance Syndrome (UARS) compared with placebo. Methods: This study was a randomized placebo-controlled clinical trial. Thirty UARS patients were randomized in two groups: placebo and mandibular advancement device (MAD) groups. UARS criteria were presence of sleepiness (Epworth Sleepiness Scale ≥ 10) and/or fatigue (Modified Fatigue Impact Scale ≥ 38) associated with an apnea/hypopnea index (AHI) ≤ 5 and a respiratory disturbance index (RDI) > 5 events/hour of sleep, and/or flow limitation in more than 30% of total sleep time...
October 17, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016191/treatment-changes-of-hypo-and-hyperdivergent-class-ii-herbst-patients
#5
Kim Rogers, Phillip M Campbell, Larry Tadlock, Emet Schneiderman, Peter H Buschang
OBJECTIVES: To determine the relative effects of Herbst appliance therapy in hypo- and hyperdivergent patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The treated group included 45 growing Class II, division 1, patients treated with stainless steel crown Herbst appliances, followed by fixed edgewise appliances. The untreated control group consisted of 45 Class II, division 1, subjects, matched to the treated sample based on Angle classification, age, sex, and pretreatment mandibular plane angle (MPA)...
October 10, 2017: Angle Orthodontist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859236/oral-appliances-for-managing-sleep-bruxism-in-adults-a-systematic-review-from-2007-to-2017
#6
REVIEW
L Jokubauskas, A Baltrušaitytė, G Pileičikienė
The review focuses on the last decade of research regarding the use of various oral appliances (OAs) in the management of sleep bruxism (SB) in adults. Sixteen (n = 16) papers of 641 identified citations involving 398 participants were included in the review. Of them, seven were randomised controlled trials (RCTs), seven were uncontrolled before-after studies and two were crossover trials. Analysis of the included articles revealed a high variability of study designs and findings. Generally, the risk of bias was low-to-unclear for RCTs and high for crossover studies, whilst the before-after studies exhibited several structural limitations...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816290/-treatment-outcome-evaluation-of-different-mandibular-advancements-using-oral-appliance-to-treat-obstructive-sleep-apnea-and-hyponea-syndrome-a-systematic-review
#7
Y Y Ma, J J Zhang, X M Gao
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the polysomnology results along with mandibular titrated advancement using oral appliance to treat obstructive sleep apnea and hyponea syndrome (OSAHS). METHODS: Several electronic databases (PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, CNKI, VIP, and Wanfang) were systematically searched up to September 2015. There was no restriction of language or source of information. All randomized clinical trials (RCT) and before-after trials (BAT) comparing at least two different mandibular advancements were included...
August 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777178/sleep-disordered-breathing
#8
Nancy R Foldvary-Schaefer, Tina E Waters
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Sleep-disordered breathing encompasses a broad spectrum of sleep-related breathing disorders, including obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), central sleep apnea, as well as sleep-related hypoventilation and hypoxemia. Diagnostic criteria have been updated in the International Classification of Sleep Disorders, Third Edition and the American Academy of Sleep Medicine Manual for Scoring Sleep and Associated Events. Neurologic providers should have basic knowledge and skills to identify at-risk patients, as these disorders are associated with substantial morbidity, the treatment of which is largely reversible...
August 2017: Continuum: Lifelong Learning in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760289/orthodontic-surgical-retreatment-of-facial-asymmetry-with-occlusal-cant-and-severe-root-resorption-a-3-year-follow-up
#9
Cinthia de Oliveira Lisboa, Marlon Sampaio Borges, Paulo José D'Albuquerque Medeiros, Alexandre Trindade Motta, José Nelson Mucha
Our objective was to report the orthodontic and surgical retreatment of a patient who had undergone a prolonged orthodontic treatment with extractions, but who had unsatisfactory results and persistent side effects. The man, aged 25 years 3 months, sought treatment with major complaints of facial and smile asymmetries. The clinical examination showed a mandibular deviation to the right and a maxillary occlusal cant. A Class II Division 1 subdivision right was observed. Radiographic examination showed extensive root resorptions in the maxillary second premolars and absence of the 4 first premolars...
August 2017: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738372/advances-in-oral-appliances-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#10
Ofer Jacobowitz
Oral appliances that advance the mandible are widely used as alternatives to positive airway pressure (PAP) devices or as primary therapy for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in adults. Although PAP is more efficacious at lowering the polysomnographic indices of OSA, the clinical effectiveness of PAP and oral appliances is similar, and patients are more likely to adhere to oral appliance therapy than to PAP treatment. Clinical examination is used to determine the candidacy of oral appliances and to select a particular appliance for a given patient...
2017: Advances in Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738322/pediatric-obstructive-sleep-apnea-where-do-we-stand
#11
REVIEW
Yu-Shu Huang, Christian Guilleminault
Pediatric obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) was initially described in 1976. In 1981, Dr. Guilleminault emphasized that pediatric OSA was different from the clinical presentation reported in adults. It was characterized by more disturbed nocturnal sleep than excessive daytime sleepiness, and presented more behavioral problems, particularly school problems, hyperactivity, nocturnal enuresis, sleep terrors, depression, insomnia, and psychiatric problems. The underlying causes of pediatric OSA are complex. Such factors as adenotonsillar hypertrophy, obesity, anatomical and neuromuscular factors, and hypotonic neuromuscular disease are also involved...
2017: Advances in Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721528/soft-tissue-profile-changes-after-functional-mandibular-advancer-or-herbst-appliance-treatment-in-class-ii-patients
#12
Jan Hourfar, Jörg Alexander Lisson, Ulrich Gross, Linda Frye, Gero Stefan Michael Kinzinger
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the present study is to compare the effects on soft tissue profile in class II patients after treatment with either "Functional Mandibular Advancer" (FMA) or Herbst appliance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included n = 42 patients treated with either FMA (n = 21) or Herbst appliance (n = 21) by the same experienced orthodontist. The treatment followed a single-step advancement protocol. Lateral cephalograms were analyzed through a set of customized measurements...
July 18, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714534/adjustable-thermoplastic-oral-appliance-versus-positive-airway-pressure-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#13
Wish Banhiran, Paraya Assanasen, Cherdchai Nopmaneejumrudlers, Nongyoaw Nujchanart, Wimontip Srechareon, Cheerasook Chongkolwatana, Choakchai Metheetrairut
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To compare outcomes of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) and the adjustable thermoplastic mandibular advancement splint (AT-MAS) for obstructive sleep apnea treatment. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized crossover, noninferiority, tertiary center setting. METHODS: Fifty patients with a mean age of 49.5 ± 10.6 years were enrolled. Inclusion criteria were age ≥18 years, apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) ≥5 events/hour, and oxygen saturation ≥70%...
July 17, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695399/the-long-term-effects-of-mandibular-advancement-splint-on-cardiovascular-fitness-and-psychomotor-performance-in-patients-with-mild-to-moderate-obstructive-sleep-apnea-a-prospective-study
#14
Ashutosh Gupta, Arvind Tripathi, Piyush Sharma
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) manifests as a reduction or complete cessation of airflow despite an ongoing inspiratory effort, leading to hypoxemia and hypercapnia. The inability to maintain normal breathing reduces the oxygen saturation in blood leading to a cycle of various systemic implications. Hence, a prospective single arm study was planned to evaluate the long-term (2 years) effect of oral appliance on cardiovascular fitness and psychomotor performance in patients with mild to moderate obstructive sleep apnea...
July 10, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643930/moving-towards-precision-orthodontics-an-evolving-paradigm-shift-in-the-planning-and-delivery-of-customized-orthodontic-therapy
#15
REVIEW
A H Jheon, S Oberoi, R C Solem, S Kapila
Advances in precision medicine portend similar progress in orthodontics and will be increasingly harnessed to achieve customized treatment approaches and enhance treatment efficiencies. Our goal is to provide a background on emerging advances in computer technologies and biomedicine and highlight their current and likely future applications to precision orthodontics. A review of orthodontically relevant technologies and advances in pertinent biological research was undertaken. Innovations in computer hardware and software, and 3D imaging technologies offer the ability for customized treatment and biomechanical planning that will be more fully realized within the next few decades...
June 2017: Orthodontics & Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578372/mandibular-advancement-devices-vs-nasal-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-in-the-treatment-of-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
G Cammaroto, C Galletti, F Galletti, B Galletti, C Galletti, C Gay-Escoda
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is a common disorder that may affect at least 2 to 4% of the adult population. Nasal-Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (N-CPAP) is today considered the gold standard for the treatment of OSA. The development of oral appliances (OAs) represents a new approach for the management of this pathology. The aim of this systematic review is to compare the efficacy of OAs and N-CPAP in the treatment of patients with mild to severe OSA. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A PubMed-MEDLINE and Cochrane databases search of articles published between 1982 and 2016 comparing the effect of N-CPAP and OAs in OSA patients was conducted during July 2016...
July 1, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554462/treatment-of-class-ii-malocclusion-with-mandibular-skeletal-anchorage
#17
Ezgi Cakir, Siddik Malkoç, Mustafa Kirtay
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this case report was to present the dentofacial changes obtained with bone anchorage in a Class II patient with moderate to severe crowding. METHODS: A boy, aged 14.5 years, with a dolichofacial type, convex profile, and skeletal and dental Class II relationships was examined. After evaluation, functional treatment with bone anchorage and 4 first premolar extractions was decided as the treatment approach. Miniplates were placed on the buccal shelves of the mandibular third molars...
June 2017: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473927/influence-of-oral-appliances-for-mandibular-advancement-on-dentitions-using-a-strain-gauge-analysis-a-pilot-study
#18
Hiroshi Ueda, Yu Matsumura, Atsushi Horihata, Cynthia Concepcion, Koji Iwai, Kotaro Tanimoto
Introduction. This study aimed to evaluate the influence of oral appliances (OAs) on dentition using a strain gauge analysis. Materials/Methods. Eight volunteers, who were mild snorers, participated in this study. OAs were individually constructed, and advancement was defined as two-thirds of the maximum mandibular advancement. Strain gauges were mounted on the right first molar and central incisor of both the upper and lower arches. After OA use, two measurement sessions (short- and long-term) were performed...
2017: Sleep Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457272/three-dimensional-upper-airway-changes-with-mandibular-advancement-device-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#19
Chandrakant Shivkumar Shete, Wasundhara Ashok Bhad
INTRODUCTION: A mandibular advancement device effectively increases upper airway size in patients with obstructive sleep apnea. Three-dimensional volumetric upper airway changes, exact amounts of change in obstructed upper airways (smallest cross-sectional area), and anteroposterior and transverse changes with mandibular advancement devices are not clear. METHODS: Thirty-seven patients with obstructive sleep apnea diagnosed with polysomnography were evaluated with the subjective Epworth sleepiness scale, percentage of oxygen saturation, and cone-beam computed tomography...
May 2017: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422345/therapeutic-efficacy-of-twin-block-and-fixed-oral-appliances-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome
#20
George Umemoto, Hideo Toyoshima, Yuji Yamaguchi, Naoko Aoyagi, Chikara Yoshimura, Kouta Funakoshi
PURPOSE: To compare the efficacy of twin-block (i.e., allows mouth opening) and fixed (i.e., maintains mouth closure) mandibular advancement splints (MASs) for the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: From 2011 to 2013, 23 patients with OSA in the twin-block group, and from 2013 to 2015, 29 patients in the fixed MAS group were included. All patients underwent polysomnography before and after 3 months of treatment. The two sets of polysomnographic and cephalometric variables were compared...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
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