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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551859/cognitive-workload-reduction-in-hospital-information-systems-decision-support-for-order-set-optimization
#1
Daniel Gartner, Yiye Zhang, Rema Padman
Order sets are a critical component in hospital information systems that are expected to substantially reduce physicians' physical and cognitive workload and improve patient safety. Order sets represent time interval-clustered order items, such as medications prescribed at hospital admission, that are administered to patients during their hospital stay. In this paper, we develop a mathematical programming model and an exact and a heuristic solution procedure with the objective of minimizing physicians' cognitive workload associated with prescribing order sets...
May 27, 2017: Health Care Management Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551842/psychometric-testing-of-the-mandarin-version-of-the-34-item-short-form-supportive-care-needs-survey-in-patients-with-cancer-in-mainland-china
#2
Yuan Han, Ying Zhou, Jing Wang, Qian Zhao, Huiying Qin, Yuying Fan, Yalan Song, Allison Boyes, Shuzhong Cui
PURPOSE: Although the Supportive Care Needs Survey is one of the most comprehensive and robust cancer-specific needs assessment instruments, no version exists specifically for cancer patients in mainland China. This study tested the psychometric properties of the Mandarin version of the 34-item Short-Form Supportive Care Needs Survey (SCNS-SF34-C (Mandarin)) in mainland Chinese cancer patients. METHODS: From December 2015 to May 2016, patients were recruited from two cancer centers in Guangzhou, China, to complete the SCNS-SF34-C (Mandarin)...
May 27, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551694/-association-of-the-meaning-of-life-with-satisfaction-the-occurrence-of-subjective-complaints-and-the-family-s-economic-status-in-the-population-of-lower-secondary-school-students
#3
Dorota Zawadzka, Magdalena Stalmach, Anna Oblacińska, Izabela Tabak
INTRODUCTION: Feeling of meaning in life is extremely crucial factor of mental health. The lack of it can result in various disorders. Many authors, especially those connected with current of humanistic psychology underline the teenagers' life sense. THE AIM: The aim of the paper was to examine the level of satisfaction with life, the frequency of psychosomatic complaints by junior high school students as well as the estimation of economical status of family and the analysis of meaning in life with above mentioned factors...
2017: Developmental Period Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551583/evaluation-of-toxic-and-genotoxic-potential-of-a-wet-gas-scrubber-effluent-obtained-from-wooden-based-biomass-furnaces-a-case-study-in-the-red-ceramic-industry-in-southern-brazil
#4
Tiago Bortolotto, Jaqueline da Silva, Alex Célio Sant'Ana, Kamila Osowski Tomazi, Reginaldo Geremias, Elídio Angioletto, Claus Tröger Pich
Red ceramic industry in southern Brazil commonly uses wood biomass as furnace fuel generating great amounts of gas emissions and ash. To avoid their impact on atmospheric environment, wet scrubbing is currently being applied in several plants. However, the water leachate formed could be potentially toxic and not managed as a common water-based effluent, since the resulting wastewater could carry many toxic compounds derived from wood pyrolysis. There is a lack of studies regarding this kind of effluent obtained specifically and strictly from wooden-based biomass furnaces...
May 25, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551577/bioactive-growth-hormone-in-older-men-and-women-it-s-relationship-to-immune-markers-and-healthspan
#5
William J Kraemer, Mary J Kennett, Andrea M Mastro, Roger J McCarter, Connie J Rogers, William H DuPont, Shawn D Flanagan, William J Turbitt, Maren S Fragala, Emily M Post, Wesley C Hymer
OBJECTIVE: The consequences of age-related decline in the somatotropic axis of humans are complex and remain largely unresolved. We tested the hypothesis that hGH measurements of plasma by bioassay vs immunoassay from samples obtained from free-living, elderly individuals would reveal a dichotomy in GH activities that are correlated with the functional status of the donors, i.e. their healthspan. DESIGN: Forty-one men and women of advanced age (men: N=16, age, 80...
May 8, 2017: Growth Hormone & IGF Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551569/investigation-of-interfacial-properties-of-pure-and-mixed-poloxamers-for-surfactant-mediated-shear-protection-of-mammalian-cells
#6
David Chang, Ryan Fox, Ethan Hicks, Rachel Ferguson, Kevin Chang, Douglas Osborne, Weiwei Hu, Orlin D Velev
The Poloxamer family of surfactants are commonly used in the biopharmaceutical industry as cell culture media additives to protect cells from the turbulent environment of sparged bioreactors. Despite the widespread use of poloxamers in cell culture, their performance as cell protectants varies depending on their physical structure, molecular weight, and batch-to-batch composition. In this study, the interfacial properties of Poloxamer 188 (P188), Poloxamer 407 (P407), and a mixture of P188 and P407 were characterized to investigate the mechanism of surfactant-mediated shear protection of mammalian cells...
May 16, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551541/variation-partitioning-of-benthic-diatom-community-matrices-effects-of-multiple-variables-on-benthic-diatom-communities-in-an-austral-temperate-river-system
#7
Tatenda Dalu, Ryan J Wasserman, Mandla L Magoro, Tongayi Mwedzi, P William Froneman, Olaf L F Weyl
This study explores diatom community dynamics in a highly modified semi-arid temperate region river system characterised by inconsistent river flow. Various water and sediment environmental variables were assessed using a multi-faceted analysis approach to determine the spatio-temporal drivers of benthic diatom communities in the river system. Overall, the diatom community was generally dominated by pollution tolerant species, reflecting the anthropogenic intensity and activities on the river system. Diatom community composition was found to be largely determined by water column chemistry variables particularly nutrient concentrations in comparison to sediment chemistry and physical variables...
May 25, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551525/tailoring-the-multi-functionalities-of-one-dimensional-ceria-nanostructures-via-oxygen-vacancy-modulation
#8
Haiwei Du, Tao Wan, Bo Qu, Jason Scott, Xi Lin, Adnan Younis, Dewei Chu
Lattice defects, for example oxygen vacancies in cerium oxide (CeO2), usually play a vital role in determining physical and chemical properties, including catalytic performance and resistance switching behaviour. Here, tin (Sn) was introduced as a dopant in one dimensional CeO2 nanostructures to investigate oxygen vacancy modulation and achieve improved catalytic properties and a tunable electrical performance. Our findings revealed that the Sn-doped CeO2 nanorods maintained their morphology while the aspect ratio decreased gradually with increasing Sn content...
May 21, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551493/residential-greenness-and-adiposity-findings-from-the-uk-biobank
#9
Chinmoy Sarkar
BACKGROUND: With the rapid urbanization and prevailing obesity pandemic, the role of residential green exposures in obesity prevention has gained renewed focus. The study investigated the effects of residential green exposures on adiposity using a large and diverse population sample drawn from the UK Biobank. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a population based cross-sectional study of 333,183 participants aged 38-73years with individual-level data on residential greenness and built environment exposures...
May 25, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551485/spontaneous-submental-hematoma-a-pseudo-ludwig-s-phenomenon-in-101-year-old-patient-case-report-and-literature-review
#10
Uthman Alamoudi, Yasser Alsallumi, Matthew H Rigby, S Mark Taylor, Jonathan R B Trites, Robert D Hart
OBJECTIVE: Submental hematoma or pseudo-Ludwig's phenomenon, is a rare entity seen in anticoagulated patients and can precipitate upper airway obstruction. Our objective is to present a rare case of spontaneous submental hematoma due to poorly controlled hypertension in elderly patient and to perform a literature review. CASE REPORT: 101-year-old female presented to emergency room with sudden painful swelling in the floor of mouth and slurred speech. Not on anticoagulation and no history of trauma or known allergies...
May 15, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551484/a-common-cancer-in-an-uncommon-location-a-case-report-of-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-nipple
#11
Kelly Dye, Melissa Saucedo, Divya Raju, Nail Aydin
INTRODUCTION: Cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is common however SCC is rarely seen on the nipple, with only ten cases of SCC of the nipple in literature (American Cancer Society, 2015; Scotto et al., 1983; Pendse and O'Connor, 2015; Loveland-Jones et al., 2010; Brookes et al., 2005; Sofos et al., 2013; King and Kremer, 2012; Venkataseshan et al., 1994; Hosaka et al., 2011) [1-9]. CASE: An 80 year old female presenting with a chief complaint of an abnormal lesion on the medial portion of her right nipple areola complex...
May 17, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551468/effects-of-different-movement-modes-on-plantar-pressure-distribution-patterns-in-obese-and-non-obese-chinese-children
#12
Yan Song-Hua, Wang Lu, Zhang Kuan
Walking, slow running (jogging) and fast running often occur in daily life, Physical Education Class and Physical Fitness Test for children. However, potential impact of jogging and running on plantar pressure of children is not clear. The purpose of this study was to compare the characteristics of plantar pressure distribution patterns in obese and non-obese children during walking, jogging and running, and evaluate biomechanical effects of three movements on obese children. A 2-m footscan plantar pressure plate (RSscan International, Belgium) was used to collect the gait data of 20 obese children (10...
May 4, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551459/child-physical-abuse-high-school-students-mental-health-and-parental-relations-depending-on-who-perpetrated-the-abuse
#13
Nilsson, Nordås, Priebe, Svedin
The aim of this study was to contribute to the research of child physical abuse (CPA) by examining if there were any differences in high school students' mental health (in this study symptoms of depression and anxiety, self-esteem and sense of coherence) and/or, in how they perceive their parents, depending on whether or not they had been subjected to CPA during childhood. In addition, if high school students reported different mental health and/or, relationships with their parents, depending on if their mother, father or both parents were the perpetrators of CPA...
May 25, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551448/photo-physical-and-structural-studies-of-some-synthesized-arylazoquinoline-dyes
#14
A Ghanadzadeh Gilani, V Taghvaei, E Moradi Rufchahi, M Mirzaei
This study presents the spectral and structure characteristics of seven azoquinoline dyes with different substituents and their new methylated counterparts for the first time, where some compounds are newly synthesized. The solvatochromic, tautomeric, halochromic, and dichroic behavior of the compounds were studied by electronic spectroscopy in various media. The different types of media were ordinary, multifunctional, and ordered liquids. The experiments were extended to include under acidic or basic conditions...
May 19, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551446/intimate-partner-violence-and-pregnancy-epidemiology-and-impact
#15
REVIEW
Christian A Chisholm, Linda Bullock, James E Jef Ferguson
Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a significant public health problem in our society, affecting women disproportionately. IPV takes many forms, including physical violence, sexual violence, stalking, and psychological aggression. While the scope of IPV is not fully documented, nearly 40% of women in the US are victims of sexual violence in their lifetimes and 20% are victims of physical IPV. Other forms of IPV are likely particularly underreported. IPV has a substantial impact on a woman's physical and mental health...
May 24, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551430/exercise-training-improves-physical-function-and-fitness-in-long-term-paediatric-brain-tumour-survivors-treated-with-cranial-irradiation
#16
P J Piscione, E Bouffet, B Timmons, K S Courneya, D Tetzlaff, J E Schneiderman, C B de Medeiros, U Bartels, D J Mabbott
AIMS: We examined the efficacy of exercise training for improving physical functioning and cardiopulmonary fitness in survivors of paediatric brain tumours (BTs) treated with cranial irradiation. METHODS: We conducted a controlled clinical trial with crossover of exercise training versus no training in the community in either a group or combined group/home setting. A volunteer sample of 28 children treated with cranial irradiation for brain tumours completed training (mean age = 11...
May 25, 2017: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551428/delivery-of-riboflavin-5-monophosphate-into-the-cornea-can-liposomes-provide-any-enhancement-effects
#17
Neva Kandzija, Vitaliy V Khutoryanskiy
Keratoconus is a progressive condition caused by the thinning of the cornea, which eventually deforms the front surface of the eye into a cone shape leading to ghosting, multiple images, glare and several other vision problems. Currently keratoconus is treated with UV-induced ribofiavin-mediated collagen cross-linking, which requires a physical removal of the corneal epithelium under topical anesthesia. This study reports the penetration of riboflavin (Rb) and its more water-soluble form, riboflavin-5'- monophosphate (RbP), into the bovine cornea ex vivo...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551380/computed-tomography-measured-psoas-density-predicts-outcomes-in-trauma
#18
Taehwan Yoo, Wilson D Lo, David C Evans
BACKGROUND: Age-related loss of muscle mass and function (sarcopenia) is linked to poor outcomes after operation and trauma. Here we evaluate computed tomography measured psoas muscle density and area using quick and simple tools available to the bedside clinician. We hypothesize these measures will predict poor outcomes after blunt traumatic injury. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of patients ages ≥45 years in the Ohio State University Trauma Registry in 2008 that received a computed tomographic scan of the abdomen and/or pelvis with intravenous contrast...
May 24, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551361/sitting-too-much-a-hierarchy-of-socio-demographic-correlates
#19
Jeroen Lakerveld, Anne Loyen, Nina Schotman, Carel F W Peeters, Greet Cardon, Hidde P van der Ploeg, Nanna Lien, Sebastien Chastin, Johannes Brug
Too much sitting (extended sedentary time) is recognized as a public health concern in Europe and beyond. Time spent sedentary is influenced and conditioned by clusters of individual-level and contextual (upstream) factors. Identifying population subgroups that sit too much could help to develop targeted interventions to reduce sedentary time. We explored the relative importance of socio-demographic correlates of sedentary time in adults across Europe. We used data from 26,617 adults who participated in the 2013 Special Eurobarometer 412 "Sport and physical activity"...
May 24, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551315/prevalence-of-exercise-addiction-symptomology-and-disordered-eating-in-australian-students-studying-nutrition-and-dietetics
#20
Tetyana Rocks, Fiona Pelly, Gary Slater, Lisa Anne Martin
BACKGROUND: Previous research has reported the existence of disordered eating in students studying nutrition and dietetics. However, the occurrence of exercise addiction, previously linked to disordered eating, is poorly understood in this group. OBJECTIVE: The main objective of this study was to explore the prevalence of self-reported symptoms of exercise addiction and the association with disordered eating in a sample of students studying nutrition and dietetics...
May 25, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
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