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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783267/-conceptual-approaches-to-the-investigation-of-a-problem-of-professional-training-of-physical-therapists
#1
Anna V Fastivetz, Pavlo V Khomenko, Inna E Shaparenko
OBJECTIVE: Introduction:The level of people's health and its preservation is a medical problem that requires the optimal solution and the need to improve the management of the system of measures to achieve the goal. According to specialists, the health of Ukrainian people is accompanied by high mortality, significant parameters of disability and morbidity and a decrease in the average life expectancy. Diseases that lead to such negative medical and social and socio-economic consequences are so-called "illnesses of a way of life" or "diseases of civilization"...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783246/-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B1-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B1-%C3%B1-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B1-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B1-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B1-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B1-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B1-%C3%B1-%C3%B1-%C3%B0%C2%BA-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B1-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B1-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B1-%C3%B1-%C3%B1-%C3%B1-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0
#2
Nataliia O Rynhach, Vasyl M Mykhalchuk, Anatolii H Krut
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: This publication focuses on role of physical activity in promoting and protecting health and well-being. Physical activity is a significant risk factor for noncommunicable diseases. The public's awareness of the risk factors of non-communicable diseases is an important component of their control. The aim: To estimate the level of knowledge of the working age population regarding the essence of a healthy lifestyle and risk factors for non-communicable diseases (with an emphasis on lack of physical activity and its consequences) according to qualitative and quantitative sociological research...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783241/-assessment-of-the-life-quality-for-patients-with-chronic-pancreatitis
#3
Viktor A Ohniev, Pavlo O Trehub
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: The relevance of study, assessment and prediction of the life quality of patients with chronic pancreatitis to improve the provision of medical care and rehabilitation is high, since it allows to solve a number of important medical, social and economic problems of society. The aim: The aim: To study, evaluate and develop a model for the quality of life assessment in patients with chronic pancreatitis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: The primary material was the results of a sociological study of patients with chronic pancreatitis conducted by the authors - 300 questionnaires...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783227/-theoretical-and-methodological-bases-for-formation-of-future-drivers-readiness-to-application-of-physical-rehabilitation-technologies
#4
Anatoliy V Yemets, Viktoriya I Donchenko, Eugenia O Scrinick
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Experimental work is aimed at introducing theoretical and methodological foundations for the professional training of the future doctor. The aim: Identify the dynamics of quantitative and qualitative indicators of the readiness of a specialist in medicine. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: The article presents the course and results of the experimental work of the conditions of forming the readiness of future specialists in medicine...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783221/hygienic-assessment-of-different-forms-of-physical-education-lessons-organization-in-primary-school
#5
Oleksandra S Kondratiuk, Maria M Korshun, Sergii I Garkavyi, Sergii S Garkavyi, Liudmyla A Stasiuk, Olena V Dema, Olga O Sokolovska
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Different forms of physical education lessons organization, including swimming classes were introduced in education process without studying of its healthsaving effectiveness. The aim of this study was hygienic assessment of different forms of physical education lessons organization in primary school. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: Cross-sectional study was conducted in two schools with different organization of physical education lessons...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783220/-the-role-of-social-and-economic-factors-in-the-formation-of-the-somatic-health-level-in-school-aged-children
#6
Veronika K Kozakevych, Larysa S Ziuzina, Liudmyla A Zhuk, Lidiia D Korovina
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: The article is devoted to a relevant problem - the state of health in school-aged children. Almost 90 % of school-aged children have deviations in their health, and over 50 % have poor physical fitness. Therefore, the problem of early diagnosis, detection and correction of pre-nosologic conditions is an effective means of preventing diseases and improving the health of children. The aim: The aim of the research was to examine the state of somatic health of school-aged children in Poltava and to identify the risk factors for its disturbances...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783215/the-changes-of-some-bioregulators-and-gas-transmitters-in-patients-with-hypertonic-disease-under-the-influence-of-physical-loading
#7
Iryna S Dronyk, Ostap H Yavorsky, Olexandr Y Sklyarov
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Nowadays arterial hypertension is supposed to be a pathogenetic factor of numerous cardiovascular diseases (CVD) and 18% cases of the preterm death. Due to the data of the American Heart Association in 77% of patients, who had stroke, the arterial pressure overexceeded 140/90 mm Hg. In Ukraine, according to the epidemiologic study more than 1/3 of the population have increased arterial pressure. One of the extremely important aspects of struggle with CVD is diagnosis and prevention of hypertonic disease...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783205/individual-approach-to-the-treatment-of-obese-copd-patients-can-reduce-anthropometric-indicators-the-level-of-systemic-inflammation-and-improve-the-quality-of-life
#8
Lesia V Savchenko, Igor P Kaidashev
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and obesity are major causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide, and according to current estimates, the global burden of these conditions will be even greater. The basis for COPD treatment is bronchodilator therapy and non-pharmacotherapy approaches, such as respiratory rehabilitation and dietary counseling. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of lifestyle modification on anthropometric indices, markers of systemic inflammation, quality of life in patients with COPD and obesity...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783204/chondron-curvature-mapping-in-growth-plate-cartilage-under-compressive-loading
#9
Bhavya B Vendra, Esra Roan, John L Williams
The physis, or growth plate, is a layer of cartilage responsible for long bone growth. It is organized into reserve, proliferative and hypertrophic zones. Unlike the reserve zone where chondrocytes are randomly arranged, either singly or in pairs, the proliferative and hypertrophic chondrocytes are arranged within tubular structures called chondrons. In previous studies, the strain patterns within the compressed growth plate have been reported to be nonuniform and inhomogeneous, with an apparent random pattern in compressive strains and a localized appearance of tensile strains...
May 18, 2018: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783179/staged-crime-scene-determination-by-handling-physical-and-digital-evidence-reports-and-review-of-the-literature
#10
REVIEW
Francesco Lupariello, Serena Curti, Janet Barber Duval, Giovanni Abbattista, Giancarlo Di Vella
Geberth in 2006 stated that "staging is a conscious criminal action on the part of an offender to thwart an investigation." In the present paper two crime scenes staged by handling digital evidence are reported. The first case involves a 50-year-old woman who had been living with the offender for three years before he murdered her at the end of their relationship. He staged the scene as a sex-related crime committed by an unknown perpetrator. The second case concerns a young woman who was found dead in Southern Italy in January 2004 with a gunshot on the forehead...
May 16, 2018: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783149/potential-of-near-infrared-spectroscopy-for-quality-evaluation-of-cattle-leather
#11
Carlos Eduardo M Braz, Manuel Antonio C Jacinto, Edenir R Pereira-Filho, Gilberto B Souza, Ana Rita A Nogueira
Models using near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) were constructed based on physical-mechanical tests to determine the quality of cattle leather. The following official parameters were used, considering the industry requirements: tensile strength (TS), percentage elongation (%E), tear strength (TT), and double hole tear strength (DHS). Classification models were constructed with the use of k-nearest neighbor (kNN), soft independent modeling of class analogy (SIMCA), and partial least squares-discriminant analysis (PLS-DA)...
May 9, 2018: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783138/is-death-anxiety-more-closely-linked-with-optimism-or-pessimism-among-older-adults
#12
Michael D Barnett, Ellen A Anderson, Arthur D Marsden
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether death anxiety is more closely linked with optimism or pessimism among older adults. Participants consisted of community-dwelling older adults (N = 253; 73.1% female) in the southern U.S. Both optimism and pessimism demonstrated a bivariate association with death anxiety; however, when considering optimism and pessimism together-and after controlling for age, gender, physical health, and mental health-optimism was not associated with death anxiety, while pessimism was associated with higher death anxiety...
May 18, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783137/body-composition-as-a-predictor-of-physical-performance-in-older-age-a-ten-year-follow-up-of-the-helsinki-birth-cohort-study
#13
Tuija M Mikkola, Mikaela B von Bonsdorff, Minna K Salonen, Mika Simonen, Pertti Pohjolainen, Clive Osmond, Mia-Maria Perälä, Taina Rantanen, Eero Kajantie, Johan G Eriksson
BACKGROUND: This study assessed how different measures of body composition predict physical performance ten years later among older adults. METHODS: The participants were 1076 men and women aged 57 to 70 years. Body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, and body composition (bioelectrical impedance analysis) were measured at baseline and physical performance (Senior Fitness Test) ten years later. Linear regression analyses were adjusted for age, education, smoking, duration of the follow-up and physical activity...
May 14, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783104/school-climate-and-physical-adolescent-relationship-abuse-differences-by-sex-socioeconomic-status-and-bullying
#14
Sonia Jain, Alison K Cohen, Taylor Paglisotti, Malavika A Subramanyam, Alison Chopel, Elizabeth Miller
Little is known about the association between school climate and adolescent relationship abuse (ARA). We used 2011-2012 data from surveys of California public school students (in the United States of America) who were in a dating relationship in the last year (n = 112 378) to quantify the association between different school climate constructs and physical ARA. Fifty-two percent of students were female, and all students were in 9th or 11th grade (approximately ages 14-17). Over 11% of students reported experiencing physical ARA in the last year...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783092/the-impact-of-intimate-partner-violence-on-women-s-contraceptive-use-evidence-from-the-rakai-community-cohort-study-in-rakai-uganda
#15
Lauren Maxwell, Heena Brahmbhatt, Anthony Ndyanabo, Jennifer Wagman, Gertrude Nakigozi, Jay S Kaufman, Fred Nalugoda, David Serwadda, Arijit Nandi
A systematic review of longitudinal studies suggests that intimate partner violence (IPV) is associated with reduced contraceptive use, but most included studies were limited to two time points. We used seven waves of data from the Rakai Community Cohort Study in Rakai, Uganda to estimate the effect of prior year IPV at one visit on women's current contraceptive use at the following visit. We used inverse probability of treatment-weighted marginal structural models (MSMs) to estimate the relative risk of current contraceptive use comparing women who were exposed to emotional, physical, and/or sexual IPV during the year prior to interview to those who were not...
May 5, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783068/reliability-of-the-star-excursion-balance-test-and-two-new-similar-protocols-to-measure-trunk-postural-control
#16
Diego López-Plaza, Casto Juan-Recio, David Barbado, Iñaki Ruiz-Pérez, Francisco J Vera-Garcia
BACKGROUND: Although the Star Excursion Balance test (SEBT) has shown a good intra-session reliability the inter-session reliability of this test has not been deeply studied. Furthermore, there is an evident high influence of the lower-limbs in the performance of the SEBT so even if it has been used to measure core stability it is possibly not the most suitable measurement. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were: i) to assess the absolute and relative between-session reliability of the SEBT and two novel variations of this test to assess trunk postural control while sitting, i...
May 18, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783067/motor-retraining-more-for-functional-movement-disorders-outcomes-from-a-one-week-multidisciplinary-rehabilitation-program
#17
Alexandra Jacob, Darryl Kaelin, Abbey Roach, Craig Ziegler, Kathrin LaFaver
BACKGROUND: Functional Movement Disorders (FMD) are conditions of abnormal motor control thought to be caused by psychological factors. These disorders are commonly seen in neurological practice and prognosis is often poor. No consensus treatment guidelines have been established, however the role of physical therapy in addition to psychotherapy has increasingly been recognized. This study reports patient outcomes from a multidisciplinary FMD treatment program using motor retraining (MoRe) strategies...
May 18, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783066/safe-needle-approach-for-examination-of-the-rhomboid-major
#18
Ki Hoon Kim, Goo Young Kim, Seong Gyu Lim, Byung Kyu Park, Dong Hwee Kim
BACKGROUND: Safe and accurate needle access to the rhomboid major (RM) during electromyography is challenging due to the overlying trapezius muscle and the risk of pneumothorax. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the RM anatomy associated with the trapezius using ultrasonography and to determine a safe and accurate needle insertion point for needle electromyography of the RM. DESIGN: Descriptive study. SETTING: Department of physical medicine and rehabilitation of a tertiary clinic center PARTICIPANTS: Participants between 23 and 71 years of age without any diseases (N=25; 13 men, 12 women; 50 scapulae) were included...
May 18, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783065/participation-in-daily-life-influence-on-quality-of-life-in-ambulatory-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#19
Jaclyn Omura, Molly Fuentes, Kristie Bjornson
BACKGROUND: Cerebral palsy is a chronic condition which affects children and has an impact on social and physical activity, as well as participation in daily life. Participation and quality of life are two important measures of successful rehabilitation that have not been well studied in children with cerebral palsy. OBJECTIVE: To report levels of participation and examine the relationship of participation to quality of life (QOL) in ambulatory children with cerebral palsy (CP) DESIGN: Secondary analysis, cross-sectional cohort study SETTING: Regional pediatric specialty care center PARTICIPANTS: A cohort of 128 ambulatory children with CP, Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) levels I-III, age 2-9 years INTERVENTIONS: Not Applicable MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL); Assessment of Life Habits (LIFE-H); Children's Assessment of Participation and Enjoyment and Assessment of Preschool Children's Participation (CAPE/APCP)...
May 18, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783004/-the-thing-that-really-gets-me-is-the-future-symptomatology-in-older-homeless-adults-in-the-hope-home-study
#20
Adam Bazari, Maria Patanwala, Lauren M Kaplan, Colette L Auerswald, Margot B Kushel
CONTEXT: The homeless population is aging. Older homeless adults experience premature development of age-related conditions and an elevated symptom burden. Little is known about symptom experience among older homeless adults. OBJECTIVES: To characterize the experience, understanding, and management of physical, psychological, social (e.g. loneliness), and existential (e.g. regret, loss of dignity) symptoms among older homeless adults. METHODS: We conducted semi-structured interviews from June 2016 through March 2017 with a purposive sample of participants from the HOPE HOME cohort, a longitudinal study of homeless adults ages 50 and older...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
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