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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719777/sex-ratio-at-birth-in-vietnam-results-from-data-in-chililab-hdss-2004-to-2013
#1
Vui Thi Le, Duc Minh Duong, Anh Duy Nguyen, Chuong Canh Nguyen, Ha Thi Thu Bui, Cuong Viet Pham, Thi Minh Le, Bich Huu Tran
This study aimed to explore the association of demographic and socioeconomic characteristics and imbalanced sex ratio at birth (SRB) in Chi Linh district, Hai Duong. The data were collected from a longitudinal study using a community-based periodic, referred as Chi Linh Health and Demographic Surveillance System (CHILILAB HDSS) during 2004 to 2013. A total of 7568 children were analyzed. Results showed that SRB in Chi Linh dramatically increased to the imbalanced sex ratio (114.6 boys to 100 girls) by 2013...
July 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719773/methods-for-the-2016-socioeconomic-and-health-survey-in-chi-linh-health-and-demographic-surveillance-system-chililab-hdss
#2
Hoang Van Minh, Tran Thu Ngan, Nguyen Bao Ngoc, Vu Duy Kien, Vu Quynh Mai, Tran Bich Phuong, Tran Tuan Anh, Kim Bao Giang, Phan Van Tuong, Ha Anh Duc, Do Van Dung
The Chi Linh Health and Demographic Surveillance System (CHILILAB HDSS) was established in 2004 in Chi Linh District, Hai Duong Province (Northern Vietnam). Up to 2013, 22 rounds of data collection at CHILILAB HDSS had been completed. This article reports the methods and key sociodemographic characteristics of households and individuals captured by the survey conducted among the subsamples of CHILILAB HDSS in 2016. We observed and compared them to the previous HDSS survey rounds and found no significant differences for household size and gender compositions in CHILILAB HDSS...
July 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719772/inequalities-in-household-catastrophic-health-expenditure-and-impoverishment-associated-with-noncommunicable-diseases-in-chi-linh-hai-duong-vietnam
#3
Vu Duy Kien, Hoang Van Minh, Nguyen Bao Ngoc, Tran Bich Phuong, Tran Thu Ngan, Mikkel B Quam
A costly modern-day double burden, the expenses of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) are becoming a devastating epidemic. The World Health Organization estimates $7 trillion in economic losses from NCDs in 2011-2025. Although regarded as affluent diseases, the burden of NCDs is shifting into poorer groups. In this study, we assessed the socioeconomic inequalities in catastrophic health expenditure and impoverishment associated with NCDs in Northern Vietnam. We also identified associated factors for catastrophic health expenditure and impoverishment...
July 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719771/prevalence-of-self-treatment-practice-and-related-factors-among-workers-aged-15-to-60-years-in-chi-linh-town-hai-duong-province-vietnam
#4
Thuy Quynh Nguyen, Thi Thu Thuy Tran, Thi Vui Le, Thi Tu Bui Quyen, Van Hung Trinh, Huu Bich Tran
Self-treatment is particularly prevalent in Vietnam. However, the prevalence of this practice among the working population is unclear. This study aims to describe the prevalence of self-treatment and related factors among workers aged 15 to 60 years in the suburban area of Chi Linh, Hai Duong, Vietnam. Secondary data of 3128 respondents was retrieved from the CHILILAB HDSS 2016 survey for analysis using logistic regression with a significance level of .05. Results show that 47.5% of respondents treated themselves at least once during one previous year...
July 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719769/prevalence-of-smoking-and-associated-factors-evidence-from-the-chililab-demographic-surveillance-system-in-vietnam
#5
Le Thi Thanh Huong, Tran Khanh Long, Phung Xuan Son, Tran Thi Tuyet-Hanh
This study analyzed secondary data from Chi Linh Health and Demographic Surveillance System (CHILILAB) database to identify smoking prevalence and associated demographic factors. Data were extracted from the database of the CHILILAB 2016, which included information on individual smoking behaviors, as well as individual and household demographic data. Descriptive and binary logistic regression analyses were performed with significance level of 0.05. The smoking prevalences were 34.7%, 0.9%, and 16.1% for men, women, and both genders, respectively...
July 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719767/capacity-of-commune-health-stations-in-chi-linh-district-hai-duong-province-for-prevention-and-control-of-noncommunicable-diseases
#6
Nguyen Thi Thuy Nga, Bui Thi My Anh, Nguyen Nguyen Ngoc, Dang Minh Diem, Vu Duy Kien, Tran Bich Phuong, Tran Quynh Anh, Hoang Van Minh
The primary health care system in Vietnam has been playing an important role in prevention and control of diseases. This study aimed to describe the capacity of commune health stations in Chi Linh district, Hai Duong province for prevention and control of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs). A mixed-methods (quantitative and qualitative approaches) approach was applied to collect data in 20 commune health stations. The participants, including health workers, stakeholders, and patients with NCDs, were selected for the study...
July 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719662/the-galnac-t-activation-pathway-gala-is-not-a-general-mechanism-for-regulating-mucin-type-o-glycosylation
#7
Gaetan G Herbomel, Raul E Rojas, Duy T Tran, Monica Ajinkya, Lauren Beck, Lawrence A Tabak
Mucin-type O-glycosylation is initiated by the UDP-GalNAc polypeptide:N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase (GalNAc-T) family of enzymes. Their activity results in the GalNAc α1-O-Thr/Ser structure, termed the Tn antigen, which is further decorated with additional sugars. In neoplastic cells, the Tn antigen is often overexpressed. Because O-glycosylation is controlled by the activity of GalNAc-Ts, their regulation is of great interest. Previous reports suggest that growth factors, EGF or PDGF, induce Golgi complex-to-endoplasmic reticulum (ER) relocation of both GalNAc-Ts and Tn antigen in HeLa cells, offering a mechanism for Tn antigen overexpression termed "GALA"...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719597/pharmacogenomics-study-of-thiazide-diuretics-and-qt-interval-in-multi-ethnic-populations-the-cohorts-for-heart-and-aging-research-in-genomic-epidemiology
#8
A A Seyerle, C M Sitlani, R Noordam, S M Gogarten, J Li, X Li, D S Evans, F Sun, M A Laaksonen, A Isaacs, K Kristiansson, H M Highland, J D Stewart, T B Harris, S Trompet, J C Bis, G M Peloso, J A Brody, L Broer, E L Busch, Q Duan, A M Stilp, C J O'Donnell, P W Macfarlane, J S Floyd, J A Kors, H J Lin, R Li-Gao, T Sofer, R Méndez-Giráldez, S R Cummings, S R Heckbert, A Hofman, I Ford, Y Li, L J Launer, K Porthan, C Newton-Cheh, M D Napier, K F Kerr, A P Reiner, K M Rice, J Roach, B M Buckley, E Z Soliman, R de Mutsert, N Sotoodehnia, A G Uitterlinden, K E North, C R Lee, V Gudnason, T Stürmer, F R Rosendaal, K D Taylor, K L Wiggins, J G Wilson, Y-DI Chen, R C Kaplan, K Wilhelmsen, L A Cupples, V Salomaa, C van Duijn, J W Jukema, Y Liu, D O Mook-Kanamori, L A Lange, R S Vasan, A V Smith, B H Stricker, C C Laurie, J I Rotter, E A Whitsel, B M Psaty, C L Avery
Thiazide diuretics, commonly used antihypertensives, may cause QT interval (QT) prolongation, a risk factor for highly fatal and difficult to predict ventricular arrhythmias. We examined whether common single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) modified the association between thiazide use and QT or its component parts (QRS interval, JT interval) by performing ancestry-specific, trans-ethnic and cross-phenotype genome-wide analyses of European (66%), African American (15%) and Hispanic (19%) populations (N=78 199), leveraging longitudinal data, incorporating corrected standard errors to account for underestimation of interaction estimate variances and evaluating evidence for pathway enrichment...
July 18, 2017: Pharmacogenomics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719595/risk-of-postoperative-complications-among-inflammatory-bowel-disease-patients-treated-preoperatively-with-vedolizumab
#9
Akihiro Yamada, Yuga Komaki, Nayan Patel, Fukiko Komaki, Arthur S Aelvoet, Anthony L Tran, Joel Pekow, Sushila Dalal, Russell D Cohen, Lisa Cannon, Konstantin Umanskiy, Radhika Smith, Roger Hurst, Neil Hyman, David T Rubin, Atsushi Sakuraba
OBJECTIVES: Vedolizumab is increasingly used to treat patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD), however, its safety during the perioperative period remains unclear. We compared the 30-day postoperative complications among patients treated preoperatively with vedolizumab, anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α agents or non-biological therapy. METHODS: The retrospective study cohort was comprised of patients receiving vedolizumab, anti-TNF-α agents or non-biological therapy within 4 weeks of surgery...
July 18, 2017: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719300/chikungunya-and-zika-virus-cases-detected-against-a-backdrop-of-endemic-dengue-transmission-in-vietnam
#10
Nguyen Than Ha Quyen, Duong Thi Hue Kien, Maia Rabaa, Nguyen Minh Tuan, Tran Thuy Vi, Le Van Tan, Nguyen Thanh Hung, Ha Manh Tuan, Ta Van Tram, Nguyen Le Da Ha, Han Khoi Quang, Nguyen Quoc Doanh, Nguyen Van Vinh Chau, Bridget Wills, Cameron P Simmons
Between 2010 and 2014, four chikungunya and two Zika virus infections were identified among 8,105 febrile children in southern Vietnam. Zika viruses were linked to French Polynesian strains, chikungunya to Cambodian strains. Against a backdrop of endemic dengue transmission, chikungunya and Zika present an additional arboviral disease burden in Vietnam.
July 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719253/cost-effectiveness-evaluation-of-a-novel-integrated-bite-case-management-program-for-the-control-of-human-rabies-haiti-2014-2015
#11
Eduardo A Undurraga, Martin I Meltzer, Cuc H Tran, Charisma Y Atkins, Melissa D Etheart, Max F Millien, Paul Adrien, Ryan M Wallace
AbstractHaiti has the highest burden of rabies in the Western hemisphere, with 130 estimated annual deaths. We present the cost-effectiveness evaluation of an integrated bite case management program combining community bite investigations and passive animal rabies surveillance, using a governmental perspective. The Haiti Animal Rabies Surveillance Program (HARSP) was first implemented in three communes of the West Department, Haiti. Our evaluation encompassed all individuals exposed to rabies in the study area (N = 2,289) in 2014-2015...
June 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719108/isothermal-chirality-switching-with-non-polarized-light
#12
Mohamed Alaasar, Silvio Poppe, Qingshu Dong, Feng Liu, Carsten Tschierske
Spontaneous mirror symmetry breaking is a fundamental process for development of chirality in natural and in artificial self-assembled systems. Here we report a new series of triple chain azobenzene based rod-like compounds, which for the first time show mirror symmetry breaking in an isotropic liquid occurring adjacent to a lamellar LC phase. The transition between the lamellar phase and the symmetry broken liquid is affected by trans-cis photoisomerization which allows a fast and reversible photoinduced switching between chiral and achiral states with non-polarized light...
July 18, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719097/mitochondrial-proteostasis-as-a-shared-characteristic-of-slowed-aging-the-importance-of-considering-cell-proliferation
#13
Karyn L Hamilton, Benjamin F Miller
Proteostasis is one of the seven "pillars of aging research" identified by the Trans-NIH Geroscience Initiative and loss of proteostasis is associated with aging and age-related chronic disease. Maintenance of protein turnover represents an important mechanism for preserving proteome fidelity. However, measurement of protein synthesis without consideration for cell proliferation can result in an incomplete picture, devoid of information about how new proteins are being allocated. Simultaneous measurement of protein and DNA synthesis provides critical insight about proteins apportioned for newly proliferating cells versus for somatic maintenance...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719037/efficient-separation-of-high-purity-compounds-from-oxytropis-falcata-using-two-dimensional-preparative-chromatography
#14
Weidong Wang, Yanduo Tao, Lijin Jiao, Minxia Fan, Yun Shao, Qilan Wang, Lijuan Mei, Jun Dang
The separation of high-purity compounds from traditional Tibetan medicines plays an important role in investigating their bioactivity. Nevertheless, it is often quite difficult to isolate compounds with high purity because of the complexity of traditional Tibetan medicines. In this work, an offline two-dimensional reversed-phase preparative method was successfully developed for the separation of high-purity compounds from Oxytropis falcata. Based on the analysis results, an ODS C18 prep column was used for first-dimensional preparation, and 14...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Separation Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718922/physical-compatibility-between-wax-esters-and-triglycerides-in-hybrid-shortenings-and-margarines-prepared-in-rice-bran-oil
#15
Chi Diem Doan, Iris Tavernier, Sabine Danthine, Tom Rimaux, Koen Dewettinck
BACKGROUND: Wax esters contribute to the transformation of liquid oils into solid-like oleogel systems, which can act as alternatives for trans- and/or saturated fats in food products. The use of solely waxes reduces the solid content, consistency and sensory quality in the final products. Therefore, a combination of sunflower wax and palm fat in rice bran oil was created to accomplish the hybrid low-saturated shortenings and margarines with a compatible structure and lower amounts of saturated fats...
July 18, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718765/a-connectome-of-a-learning-and-memory-center-in-the-adult-drosophila-brain
#16
Shin-Ya Takemura, Yoshinori Aso, Toshihide Hige, Allan Wong, Zhiyuan Lu, C Shan Xu, Patricia K Rivlin, Harald F Hess, Ting Zhao, Toufiq Parag, Stuart Berg, Gary Huang, William Katz, Donald J Olbris, Stephen Plaza, Lowell Umayam, Roxanne Aniceto, Lei-Ann Chang, Shirley Lauchie, Omotara Ogundeyi, Christopher Ordish, Aya Shinomiya, Christopher Sigmund, Satoko Takemura, Julie Tran, Glenn C Turner, Gerald M Rubin, Louis K Scheffer
Understanding memory formation, storage and retrieval requires knowledge of the underlying neuronal circuits. In Drosophila, the mushroom body (MB) is the major site of associative learning. We reconstructed the morphologies and synaptic connections of all 983 neurons within the three functional units, or compartments, that compose the adult MB's α lobe, using a dataset of isotropic 8-nm voxels collected by focused ion-beam milling scanning electron microscopy. We found that Kenyon cells (KCs), whose sparse activity encodes sensory information, each make multiple en passant synapses to MB output neurons (MBONs) in each compartment...
July 18, 2017: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718762/sec17-sec18-act-twice-enhancing-membrane-fusion-and-then-disassembling-cis-snare-complexes
#17
Hongki Song, Amy S Orr, Mengtong Duan, Alexey J Merz, William T Wickner
At physiological protein levels, the slow HOPS- and SNARE-dependent fusion which occurs upon complete SNARE zippering is stimulated by Sec17 and Sec18:ATP without requiring ATP hydrolysis. To stimulate, Sec17 needs its central residues which bind the 0-layer of the SNARE complex and its N-terminal apolar loop. Adding a transmembrane anchor to the N-terminus of Sec17 bypasses this requirement for apolarity of the Sec17 loop, suggesting that the loop functions for membrane binding rather than to trigger bilayer rearrangement...
July 18, 2017: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718761/the-human-cytoplasmic-dynein-interactome-reveals-novel-activators-of-motility
#18
Willam B Redwine, Morgan E DeSantis, Ian Hollyer, Zaw Min Htet, Phuoc Tien Tran, Selene K Swanson, Laurence Florens, Michael P Washburn, Samara L Reck-Peterson
In human cells, cytoplasmic dynein-1 is essential for long-distance transport of many cargos, including organelles, RNAs, proteins, and viruses, towards microtubule minus ends. To understand how a single motor achieves cargo specificity, we identified the human dynein interactome by attaching a promiscuous biotin ligase ("BioID") to seven components of the dynein machinery, including a subunit of the essential cofactor dynactin. This method reported spatial information about the large cytosolic dynein/dynactin complex in living cells...
July 18, 2017: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718648/multi-imaging-of-cytokinin-and-abscisic-acid-on-the-roots-of-rice-oryza-sativa-using-matrix-assisted-laser-desorption-ionization-mass-spectrometry
#19
Katsuhiro Shiono, Riho Hashizaki, Toyofumi Nakanishi, Tatsuko Sakai, Takushi Yamamoto, Koretsugu Ogata, Ken-Ichi Harada, Hajime Ohtani, Hajime Katano, Shu Taira
Plant hormones are important mobile endogenous signaling molecules that regulate responses to abiotic stress as well as plant growth and development. Visual information on more than one plant hormone from the same sample would be especially powerful, because it could enable rapid, intuitive interpretation. However, multi-imaging techniques for plant hormones have been unavailable. Here, we report the first multi-imaging of two plant hormones, one of cytokinin (i.e. trans-zeatin) and abscisic acid (ABA) by MALDI-TOF-MS imaging...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718489/-profile-of-transvestites-and-transgender-women-tuberculosis-and-hiv-aids-in-the-city-of-s%C3%A3-o-paulo
#20
Sérgio Ferreira, Priscila Maria Stolses Bergamo Francisco, Péricles Alves Nogueira
Objective: To characterize the profile of transvestites and transgender women participating in a survey regarding tuberculosis and HIV/Aids in the city of São Paulo. Method: This cross-sectional study employed the Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices (KAP) questionnaire adapted for data collection. Sociodemographic aspects as well as aspects related to history of imprisonment, process of gender transition, use of condoms, previous treatment of sexually transmitted diseases and tuberculosis and knowledge regarding HIV/Aids were addressed...
December 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
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