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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786592/obstetric-and-gynecological-care-by-family-doctors-in-ukraine-literature-review
#1
Oksana V Bakun, Svitlana Y Karatieieva, Svitlana B Semenenko, Oksana I Yurkiv, Ksenia V Slobodian
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: The analysis of literature on the questions of obstetrical and gynecologic care by general practitioners - family doctors in Ukraine has been presented in the article. Special attention has been paid to the actual problems of primary health care implementation on the basis of family medicine. The aim of the study is to find out the depth of the problem "A female doctor as an obstetrician-gynecologist" by analyzing scientific relevant literature data...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785465/causes-and-treatment-of-acute-ischemic-stroke-during-pregnancy
#2
REVIEW
Ina Terón, Melissa S Eng, Jeffrey M Katz
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Treatment recommendations for pregnancy associated ischemic stroke are scarce. This may be due to the fact that, in general, obstetricians tend not to make recommendations for stroke patients and neurologists are not commonly involved in the care of pregnant women. Herein, we review the multiple etiologies of ischemic stroke during pregnancy, considerations for diagnostic testing, and acute treatment and prevention options, including associated risks specific to the pregnant and puerperal state...
May 21, 2018: Current Treatment Options in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781876/postpartum-pain-management
#3
(no author information available yet)
Pain and fatigue are the most common problems reported by women in the early postpartum period. Pain can interfere with a woman's ability to care for herself and her infant. Untreated pain is associated with a risk of greater opioid use, postpartum depression, and development of persistent pain. Nonpharmacologic and pharmacologic therapies are important components of postpartum pain management. Because 81% of women in the United States initiate breastfeeding during the postpartum period, it is important to consider the drug effects of all prescribed medications on the mother-infant dyad...
May 17, 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781211/examining-japanese-women-s-preferences-for-a-new-style-of-postnatal-care-facility-and-its-attributes
#4
Junyi Shen, Takako Nakashima, Izumi Karasawa, Tatsuro Furui, Kenichiro Morishige, Tatsuyoshi Saijo
Perinatal care in rural Japan is currently facing a crisis because of the lack of medical staff, especially obstetricians. In this study, a new style of postnatal care facility that combines both medical and nonmedical support is considered. Contrary to most postnatal care facilities in Japan, this new postnatal care facility accepts a puerperant from the cooperating maternity facility soon after birth (≤2 days). We conducted a hypothetical choice experiment to investigate whether this new postnatal care facility could be accepted by women in Gero City, Hida, Gifu Prefecture and how these women evaluate different kinds of postnatal care services...
May 21, 2018: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780140/fulminant-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-presenting-15-days-after-delivery-diagnosed-in-cooperation-with-obstetricians
#5
Junji Sagawa, Yoko Yoshii, Mitsunobu Kubota
The patient was a 32-year-old Japanese woman who was given a 75-g oral glucose tolerance test at the 35th week of pregnancy and was normoglycemic. She had excessive thirst and polyuria from 15 days after delivery. When she visited for the 1-month postpartum checkup, her plasma glucose level was 479 mg/dL, HbA1c was 7.4%, and urinary C-peptide was 1.1 μg/mL; she was therefore diagnosed with fulminant type 1 diabetes mellitus associated with pregnancy. All physicians should be aware of this disease so as to provide a prompt diagnosis and emergency treatment and consequently improve the maternal prognosis...
May 18, 2018: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775974/translation-and-cultural-adaptation-of-the-short-form-food-frequency-questionnaire-for-pregnancy-into-brazilian-portuguese
#6
Karina Tamy Kasawara, Daiane S M Paulino, Roberta Bgeginski, Chistine L Cleghorn, Michelle F Mottola, Fernanda Garanhani Surita
OBJECTIVE:  To translate and culturally adapt the short-form Food Frequency Questionnaire (SFFFQ) for pregnant women, which contains 24 questions, into Brazilian Portuguese. METHODS:  Description of the process of translation and cultural adaptation of the SFFFQ into Brazilian Portuguese. The present study followed the recommendation of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research for translation and cultural adaptation with the following steps: 1) preparation; 2) first translation; 3) reconciliation; 4) back translation; 5) revision of back translation; 6) harmonization; 7) cognitive debriefing; 8) revision of debriefing results; 9) syntax and orthographic revision; and 10) final report...
May 18, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774271/gatekeepers-for-infertility-treatment-views-of-art-providers-concerning-referrals-by-non-art-providers
#7
Robert Klitzman
Many patients who might benefit from treatment using assisted reproductive technology (ART) do not receive it, raising critical questions of why, and how best to overcome existing barriers. In-depth interviews of approximately 1 h each were conducted with 27 ART providers (17 physicians and 10 other healthcare providers). These interviewees suggest that non-ART providers may serve as gatekeepers in a complex system, involving not only individual-level, but also dyadic and institutional, processes and factors related to provider-patient relationships...
April 2018: Reproductive Biomedicine & Society Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772076/victims-and-victimisation
#8
Matthew Cauldwell, Susan Bewley
We congratulate McNamara et al. on their work examining the impact that intrapartum stillbirth has on obstetricians (1). The findings from their qualitative study highlight and reinforce themes others have identified. We conducted a similar study interviewing maternity staff (consultant obstetricians, trainees and midwives) about the impact of their involvement in rarer maternal death cases (2). We reported similar themes particularly around the fear of blame. This was perceived as coming not only from the media but also from professional colleagues...
May 17, 2018: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771616/predictors-of-human-papillomavirus-vaccine-follow-through-among-privately-insured-us-patients
#9
Jennifer C Spencer, Noel T Brewer, Justin G Trogdon, Stephanie B Wheeler, Stacie B Dusetzina
OBJECTIVES: To assess predictors of timely human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine follow-through among privately insured individuals initiating the 3-dose series. METHODS: Using MarketScan Commercial claims data, we identified 1 332 217 privately insured US individuals aged 9 to 26 years who initiated the bivalent or quadrivalent HPV vaccine series from 2006 to 2014, with follow-up data extending through 2015. The study outcome was receipt of third HPV dose within 12 months of the first, compared by year of initiation...
May 17, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768638/gestational-trophoblastic-neoplasia-after-ectopic-molar-pregnancy-clinical-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-aspects
#10
Consuelo Lozoya López, Vania Gloria Silami Lopes, Fabiana Rodrigues Resende, Jessica Lara Steim, Lilian Padrón, Sue Yazaki Sun, Edward Araujo Júnior, Antonio Braga
This report presents the case of a patient with gestational trophoblastic neoplasia after a partial hydatidiform mole formed in the Fallopian tube. Ectopic molar pregnancy is a rare condition, with an estimated incidence of 1 in every 20,000 to 100,000 pregnancies; less than 300 cases of it have been reported in the Western literature. The present report is important because it presents current diagnostic criteria for this rare condition, which has been incorrectly diagnosed in the past, not only morphologically but also immunohistochemically...
May 16, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768418/obgyn-screening-for-environmental-exposures-a-call-for-action
#11
N M Grindler, A A Allshouse, E Jungheim, T L Powell, T Jansson, A J Polotsky
BACKGROUND: Prenatal exposures have known adverse effects on maternal and neonatal outcomes. Professional societies recommend routine screening for environmental, occupational, and dietary exposures to reduce exposures and their associated sequelae. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to determine the frequency of environmental exposure screening by obstetricians and gynecologists (OBGYNs) at initial patient visits. STUDY DESIGN: Practicing OBGYNs were approached at the University of Colorado and by social media...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766615/barriers-and-facilitators-to-smoking-cessation-in-pregnancy-and-in-the-post-partum-period-the-health-care-professionals-perspective
#12
Felix Naughton, Sarah Hopewell, Lesley Sinclair, Dorothy McCaughan, Jennifer McKell, Linda Bauld
OBJECTIVES: Health care professionals and the health care environment play a central role in protecting pregnant and post-partum women and their infants from smoking-related harms. This study aimed to better understand the health professional's perspective on how interactions between women, health care professionals, and the environment influence how smoking is managed. DESIGN: Semi-structured interviews and focus groups. METHODS: Data were from 48 health care staff involved in antenatal or post-partum care at two UK sites, including midwives, obstetricians, health visitors, GPs, pharmacists, service commissioners, and Stop Smoking Service (SSS) advisors and managers...
May 15, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757790/barriers-to-implementation-of-long-acting-reversible-contraception-a-systematic-review
#13
Jessamyn Phillips, Prabjot Sandhu
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) is one of the most effective forms of contraception available. The utilization of LARC remains low despite being recommended by major health organizations such as Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, American Academy of Pediatrics, American Academy of Family Physicians, and the National Committee for Quality Assurance. Health care professionals play an essential role in the potential increased use of LARC...
April 2018: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757074/differences-in-screening-and-treatment-for-antepartum-versus-postpartum-patients-are-providers-implementing-the-guidelines-of-care-for-perinatal-depression
#14
Gina L Fedock, Carmen Alvarez
BACKGROUND: National guidelines recommend universal depression screening for perinatal patients and provide treatment recommendations to prevent adverse maternal/child health outcomes. However, providers rarely screen all patients, and most women with perinatal depression remain undertreated. This study investigated predictors of universal screening and guideline-congruent care for perinatal depression by obstetrician-gynecologists and examined differences in practices with pregnant and postpartum patients...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755595/long-non-coding-rna-lsinct5-promotes-ovarian-cancer-cell-proliferation-migration-and-invasion-by-disrupting-the-cxcl12-cxcr4-signalling-axis
#15
Xingtao Long, Li Li, Qi Zhou, Haixia Wang, Dongling Zou, Dong Wang, Meng Lou, Weiqi Nian
Long stress-induced noncoding transcript 5 (LSINCT5) is a member of the LSINCT family, members of which are expressed during stress-induced cell formation and have also been reported to promote cancer progression. In the present study, the association between LSINCT5 expression and clinical significance was investigated and the biological function of LSINCT5 in epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) was explored. LSINCT5 expression was examined in EOC tissues by reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction and its association with clinicopathological factors was analysed...
May 2018: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748185/promoting-risk-identification-and-reduction-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-women-through-collaboration-with-obstetricians-and-gynecologists-a-presidential-advisory-from-the-american-heart-association-and-the-american-college-of-obstetricians-and-gynecologists
#16
REVIEW
Haywood L Brown, John J Warner, Eugenia Gianos, Martha Gulati, Alexandria J Hill, Lisa M Hollier, Stacey E Rosen, Mary L Rosser, Nanette K Wenger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 10, 2018: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748082/clinical-access-and-utilization-of-reports-and-images-in-neuroradiology
#17
Matthew D Alvin, Mona Shahriari, Evan Honig, Li Liu, David M Yousem
BACKGROUND: The radiology report serves as the primary means of communication between radiologist and clinician. However, the value clinicians place on imaging and reports is variable, with many images of studies or their reports never being viewed. This has implications on the perceived value of the radiologist in the imaging chain. We hypothesized that neurologists, neurosurgeons, and otolaryngologists would view neuroradiology images most frequently and neuroradiology reports least frequently of all medical specialties...
May 7, 2018: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747729/maternal-genetic-disorders-in-pregnancy
#18
REVIEW
Sarah Harris, Neeta L Vora
The life expectancy and quality of life of women with genetic disorders continues to improve, resulting in more women reaching reproductive age and desiring fertility. It is becoming increasingly important that obstetricians become familiar with common genetic disorders and their associated risks in pregnancy. The authors review pregnancy in women with various genetic disorders, including review of pregnancy outcomes, management recommendations, and genetic risk assessment. Most data on pregnancies in women with genetic conditions are based on case reports and literature reviews...
June 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744256/premenstrual-syndrome-existence-knowledge-and-attitude-among-female-university-students-in-karachi
#19
Aleena Mohib, Amara Zafar, Areeba Najam, Hafsa Tanveer, Rehana Rehman
Objective The aim of this study was to investigate the existence, knowledge, and the attitude of female students towards premenstrual syndrome (PMS). Methods This cross-sectional study was conducted in three universities in Karachi, Pakistan. A total of 448 female students participated in the study. The clinical criterion of American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) for PMS was used to assess the prevalence of PMS in the participants. The questionnaire was set in four parts, one each to assess the knowledge, the attitude, and practices regarding PMS and one to assess the gap between self-perceived PMS and actual PMS...
March 8, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744016/congenital-heart-disease-and-reproductive-risk-an-overview-for-obstetricians-cardiologists-and-primary-care-providers
#20
REVIEW
Sabrina Phillips, Michael Pirics
Patients with congenital heart disease have improved survival rates, and most patients are now expected to survive into adulthood. This improved survival has resulted in increasing numbers of women with congenital heart disease who are of childbearing age. This patient population requires specialized advice on contraception and pregnancy risk. Understanding the unique challenges this population presents is key to providing appropriate care.
October 2017: Methodist DeBakey Cardiovascular Journal
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