keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Obstetrician

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350660/why-women-request-labiaplasty
#1
Sarah C Sorice, Alexander Y Li, Francisco L Canales, Heather J Furnas
BACKGROUND: In recent years, labiaplasty has jumped in popularity, despite opposition to the procedure. In 2007, the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists declared the recommendation of cosmetic vaginal procedures to be "untenable," although in 2016 they allowed consideration of labiaplasty in adolescents if symptoms persist. The reasons for labiaplasty requests are not yet fully understood, and physician opposition limits patient access to surgical relief. METHODS: In this prospective study, 50 consecutive patients consulting about labiaplasty were given a questionnaire assessing 11 physical and appearance-related symptoms associated with elongated labia...
April 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346275/committee-opinion-no-704-human-papillomavirus-vaccination
#2
(no author information available yet)
Human papillomavirus (HPV) is associated with anogenital cancer (including cervical, vaginal, vulvar, penile, and anal), oropharyngeal cancer, and genital warts. The HPV vaccination significantly reduces the incidence of anogenital cancer and genital warts. Despite the benefits of HPV vaccines, only 41.9% of girls in the recommended age group, and only 28.1% of males in the recommended age group have received all recommended doses. Compared with many other countries, HPV vaccination rates in the United States are unacceptably low...
March 24, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345217/fatigue-and-training-of-obstetrics-and-gynaecology-trainees-in-australia-and-new-zealand
#3
Paige E Tucker, Paul A Cohen, Max K Bulsara, Jade Acton
BACKGROUND: Several studies have linked doctor fatigue with adverse patient events and an increase in risk to doctors' personal safety and wellbeing. The present study assesses the rostering structure of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists (RANZCOG) trainees and its association with trainees' reported fatigue levels, training opportunities and wellbeing, which were secondary outcomes of a larger study of trainee working hours which has been separately reported...
March 26, 2017: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344954/no-fault-compensation-in-perinatal-medicine-in-japan-from-results-for-8-years
#4
REVIEW
Mitsutoshi Iwashita
No fault compensation in perinatal medicine has been established to provide aid to patients in the event of disability due to a medical accident during delivery and to strive to resolve disputes quickly that contributes to reduce medical malpractice suit in the field of perinatal medicine. Furthermore, this system is aimed to establish a mechanism that achieves higher quality of obstetric care by analyzing the causes of accidents. This system is operated by Japan Council for Quality Health Care and 99.9% of childbirth facilities in Japan registered with this compensation system...
March 2017: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343556/reporting-caesarean-delivery-in-quebec-using-the-robson-classification-system
#5
Stéphanie Roberge, Eric Dubé, Simon Blouin, Nils Chaillet
OBJECTIVE: The increasing rates of Caesarean sections throughout the world is preoccupant, and a good understanding of which groups of women contribute the most to the CS rate represents an important question in public health. Therefore, we sought to report the CS rate according to the Robson's classification system in the Quebec population. METHOD: We performed a secondary analysis of the QUARISMA database, including all deliveries after 24 weeks' gestation from 32 maternity wards in the province of Quebec between 2008 and 2011 (n = 184 952 deliveries)...
March 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341282/the-state-of-the-surgical-workforce-in-brazil
#6
Mário C Scheffer, Aline G A Guilloux, Alicia Matijasevich, Benjamin B Massenburg, Saurabh Saluja, Nivaldo Alonso
BACKGROUND: A critical insufficiency of surgeons, anesthesiologists, and obstetricians exists around the world, leaving billions of people without access to safe operative care. The distribution of the surgical workforce in Brazil, however, is poorly described and rarely assessed. Though the surgical workforce is only one element in the surgical system, this study aimed to map and characterize the distribution of the surgical workforce in Brazil in order to stimulate discussion on future surgical policy reforms...
February 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337813/health-care-experiences-among-women-diagnosed-with-gestational-breast-cancer
#7
K Hammarberg, E Sullivan, N Javid, G Duncombe, L Halliday, F Boyle, C Saunders, A Ives, J E Dickinson, J Fisher
Gestational breast cancer (GBC) presents many challenges for women and the clinicians who care for them. The aim of this study was to explore the health care experiences of women diagnosed with GBC to inform and improve clinical care of women in this predicament. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 17 women who had been diagnosed with GBC in the previous 5 years. The overarching themes for perceived quality of care were "communication" and "comprehensive care." "Communication" had two sub themes: "interdisciplinary communication" (the way health professionals from different disciplines communicated with each other about the management of the woman's care) and "patient communication" (how they communicated this to the woman)...
March 24, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334585/uptake-and-utilization-of-practice-guidelines-in-hospitals-in-the-united-states-the-case-of-routine-episiotomy
#8
Katy B Kozhimannil, Pinar Karaca-Mandic, Cori J Blauer-Peterson, Neel T Shah, Jonathan M Snowden
BACKGROUND: The gap between publishing and implementing guidelines differs based on practice setting, including hospital geography and teaching status. On March 31, 2006, a Practice Bulletin published by the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) recommended against the routine use of episiotomy and urged clinicians to make judicious decisions to restrict the use of the procedure. OBJECTIVE: This study investigated changes in trends of episiotomy use before and after the ACOG Practice Guideline was issued in 2006, focusing on differences by hospital geographic location (rural/urban) and teaching status...
January 2017: Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333824/committee-opinion-no-697-planned-home-birth
#9
(no author information available yet)
In the United States, approximately 35,000 births (0.9%) per year occur in the home. Approximately one fourth of these births are unplanned or unattended. Although the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists believes that hospitals and accredited birth centers are the safest settings for birth, each woman has the right to make a medically informed decision about delivery. Importantly, women should be informed that several factors are critical to reducing perinatal mortality rates and achieving favorable home birth outcomes...
April 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333823/committee-opinion-no-695-sterilization-of-women-ethical-issues-and-considerations
#10
(no author information available yet)
Sterilization is the most common method of contraception among married couples, with nearly twice as many couples choosing female partner sterilization over male sterilization. Although sterilization is among the most straightforward surgical procedures an obstetrician-gynecologist performs, it is enormously complex when considered from a historical, sociological, or ethical perspective. Sterilization practices have embodied a problematic tension, in which some women who desired fertility were sterilized without their knowledge or consent, and other women who wanted sterilization to limit their family size lacked access to it...
April 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333822/committee-opinion-no-694-management-of-mesh-and-graft-complications-in-gynecologic-surgery
#11
(no author information available yet)
This document focuses on the management of complications related to mesh used to correct stress urinary incontinence or pelvic organ prolapse. Persistent vaginal bleeding, vaginal discharge, or recurrent urinary tract infections after mesh placement should prompt an examination and possible further evaluation for exposure or erosion. A careful history and physical examination is essential in the diagnosis of mesh and graft complications. A clear understanding of the location and extent of mesh placement, as well as the patient's symptoms and therapy goals, are necessary to plan treatment approaches...
April 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333821/committee-opinion-no-693-counseling-about-genetic-testing-and-communication-of-genetic-test-results
#12
(no author information available yet)
Given the increasing availability and complexity of genetic testing, it is imperative that the practicing obstetrician-gynecologist or other health care provider has a firm comprehension of the benefits, limitations, and risks of offering a specific genetic test, as well as the importance of appropriate pretest and posttest counseling. The purpose of this Committee Opinion is to provide an outline of how obstetrician-gynecologists and other health care providers can best incorporate these tests into their current practices and provide appropriate pretest and posttest counseling to patients...
April 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333819/practice-bulletin-no-177-obstetric-analgesia-and-anesthesia
#13
(no author information available yet)
Labor causes severe pain for many women. There is no other circumstance in which it is considered acceptable for an individual to experience untreated severe pain that is amenable to safe intervention while the individual is under a physician's care. Many women desire pain management during labor and delivery, and there are many medical indications for analgesia and anesthesia during labor and delivery. In the absence of a medical contraindication, maternal request is a sufficient medical indication for pain relief during labor...
April 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333818/practice-bulletin-no-176-pelvic-organ-prolapse
#14
(no author information available yet)
Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is a common, benign condition in women. For many women it can cause vaginal bulge and pressure, voiding dysfunction, defecatory dysfunction, and sexual dysfunction, which may adversely affect quality of life. Women in the United States have a 13% lifetime risk of undergoing surgery for POP (). Although POP can occur in younger women, the peak incidence of POP symptoms is in women aged 70-79 years (). Given the aging population in the United States, it is anticipated that by 2050 the number of women experiencing POP will increase by approximately 50% ()...
April 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333817/committee-opinion-no-697-summary-planned-home-birth
#15
(no author information available yet)
In the United States, approximately 35,000 births (0.9%) per year occur in the home. Approximately one fourth of these births are unplanned or unattended. Although the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists believes that hospitals and accredited birth centers are the safest settings for birth, each woman has the right to make a medically informed decision about delivery. Importantly, women should be informed that several factors are critical to reducing perinatal mortality rates and achieving favorable home birth outcomes...
April 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333816/committee-opinion-no-696-nonobstetric-surgery-during-pregnancy
#16
(no author information available yet)
The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists' Committee on Obstetric Practice acknowledges that the issue of nonobstetric surgery during pregnancy is an important concern for physicians who care for women. It is important for a physician to obtain an obstetric consultation before performing nonobstetric surgery and some invasive procedures (eg, cardiac catheterization or colonoscopy) because obstetricians are uniquely qualified to discuss aspects of maternal physiology and anatomy that may affect intraoperative maternal-fetal well-being...
April 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333815/committee-opinion-no-695-summary-sterilization-of-women-ethical-issues-and-considerations
#17
(no author information available yet)
Sterilization is the most common method of contraception among married couples, with nearly twice as many couples choosing female partner sterilization over male sterilization. Although sterilization is among the most straightforward surgical procedures an obstetrician-gynecologist performs, it is enormously complex when considered from a historical, sociological, or ethical perspective. Sterilization practices have embodied a problematic tension, in which some women who desired fertility were sterilized without their knowledge or consent, and other women who wanted sterilization to limit their family size lacked access to it...
April 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333814/committee-opinion-no-694-summary-management-of-mesh-and-graft-complications-in-gynecologic-surgery
#18
(no author information available yet)
This document focuses on the management of complications related to mesh used to correct stress urinary incontinence or pelvic organ prolapse. Persistent vaginal bleeding, vaginal discharge, or recurrent urinary tract infections after mesh placement should prompt an examination and possible further evaluation for exposure or erosion. A careful history and physical examination is essential in the diagnosis of mesh and graft complications. A clear understanding of the location and extent of mesh placement, as well as the patient's symptoms and therapy goals, are necessary to plan treatment approaches...
April 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333813/committee-opinion-no-693-summary-counseling-about-genetic-testing-and-communication-of-genetic-test-results
#19
(no author information available yet)
Given the increasing availability and complexity of genetic testing, it is imperative that the practicing obstetrician-gynecologist or other health care provider has a firm comprehension of the benefits, limitations, and risks of offering a specific genetic test, as well as the importance of appropriate pretest and posttest counseling. The purpose of this Committee Opinion is to provide an outline of how obstetrician-gynecologists and other health care providers can best incorporate these tests into their current practices and provide appropriate pretest and posttest counseling to patients...
April 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333811/practice-bulletin-no-177-summary-obstetric-analgesia-and-anesthesia
#20
(no author information available yet)
Labor causes severe pain for many women. There is no other circumstance in which it is considered acceptable for an individual to experience untreated severe pain that is amenable to safe intervention while the individual is under a physician's care. Many women desire pain management during labor and delivery, and there are many medical indications for analgesia and anesthesia during labor and delivery. In the absence of a medical contraindication, maternal request is a sufficient medical indication for pain relief during labor...
April 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
keyword
keyword
23897
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"