keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

General anesthesia

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323726/a-single-us-center-experience-of-transbronchial-lung-cryobiopsy-for-diagnosing-interstitial-lung-disease-with-a-2-scope-technique
#1
Thitiwat Sriprasart, Alejandro Aragaki, Robert Baughman, Kathryn Wikenheiser-Brokamp, Gaurav Khanna, Daniel Tanase, Michelle Kirschner, Sadia Benzaquen
BACKGROUND: Transbronchial lung cryobiopsy (TBLC) has been used to establish the diagnosis of interstitial lung disease (ILD) in recent years. The technique and diagnostic yield vary among institutions. We report a new 2-scope technique and the results of TBLC in our institution. METHODS: This is a retrospective chart review of patients who underwent TBLC for evaluation of ILD. Bronchoscopy with TBLC was performed by a board-certified interventional pulmonologist with a 2-scope technique under general anesthesia...
April 2017: Journal of Bronchology & Interventional Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319546/gastric-fluid-volume-change-after-oral-rehydration-solution-intake-in-morbidly-obese-and-normal-controls-a-magnetic-resonance-imaging-based-analysis
#2
Toshie Shiraishi, Dai Kurosaki, Mitsuyo Nakamura, Taiji Yazaki, Satomi Kobinata, Yosuke Seki, Kazunori Kasama, Hideki Taniguchi
BACKGROUND: Although preoperative fluid intake 2 hours before anesthesia is generally considered safe, there are concerns about delayed gastric emptying in obese subjects. In this study, the gastric fluid volume (GFV) change in morbidly obese subjects was investigated after ingesting an oral rehydration solution (ORS) and then compared with that in nonobese subjects. METHODS: GFV change over time after the ingestion of 500 mL of ORS containing 2.5% carbohydrate (OS-1) was measured in 10 morbidly obese subjects (body mass index [BMI], >35) scheduled for bariatric surgery and 10 nonobese (BMI, 19-24) using magnetic resonance imaging...
April 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319240/two-paradigms-for-endovascular-thrombectomy-after-intravenous-thrombolysis-for-acute-ischemic-stroke
#3
Gaspard Gerschenfeld, Ioan-Paul Muresan, Raphael Blanc, Michael Obadia, Marie Abrivard, Michel Piotin, Sonia Alamowitch
Importance: Intravenous thrombolysis (IVT) followed by mechanical thrombectomy (MT) is recommended to treat acute ischemic stroke (AIS) with a large vessel occlusion (LVO). Most hospitals do not have on-site MT facilities, and most patients need to be transferred secondarily after IVT (drip and ship), which may have an effect on the neurologic outcome. Objective: To compare the functional independence at 3 months between patients treated under the drip-and-ship paradigm and those treated on site (mothership)...
March 20, 2017: JAMA Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317003/peri-operative-inflammatory-cytokines-in-plasma-of-the-elderly-correlate-in-prospective-study-with-postoperative-changes-in-cognitive-test-scores
#4
R Kline, E Wong, M Haile, S Didehvar, S Farber, A Sacks, E Pirraglia, M J de Leon, A Bekker
Increasingly, postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) is recognized as a complication after surgery in the elderly; but it's etiology remains unclear. Here we examine changes in cytokine levels during both the pre-operative and postoperative period, comparing them with long term variation in cognitive test scores. Forty-one patients aged 65 and older undergoing major surgery with general anesthesia were recruited after written consent in this IRB approved study. Thirty went on to complete this prospective, non-interven-tional and non-randomized study...
August 2016: Int J Anesthesiol Res
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316283/combination-therapies-for-the-treatment-of-recurrent-central-giant-cell-lesion-in-the-maxilla-a-case-report
#5
Jefferson Paulo de Oliveira, Fernanda Olivete, Naylin Danyele de Oliveira, Allan Fernando Giovanini, João César Zielak, Leandro Klüppel, Rafaela Scariot
BACKGROUND: Central giant cell lesion is a non-neoplastic proliferation, usually asymptomatic, of unknown etiology. The purpose of this case report is to report the diagnosis and the treatment of a recurrent central giant cell lesion in the maxilla. CASE PRESENTATION: A 31-year-old Brazilian woman presented to our Surgery Service for evaluation of a cystic lesion in her teeth 13 and 15, although she had previously received endodontic treatment for her teeth 13 and 15 without regression of the lesion...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315629/oxidative-stress-in-newborns-by-different-modes-of-delivery
#6
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVES: The aim of our study is to investigate the impact of the type of delivery - vaginal vs. cesarean section on oxidative damage determined as the lipid peroxidation (15-F2t-isoprostane (15-F2t-IsoP) in the cord blood of newborns and venous blood from mothers in two localities with different levels of air pollution: Ceske Budejovice (CB), a locality with a clean air, and Karvina, a locality with high air pollution. RESUTLS: In Karvina, the concentration of PM2...
November 19, 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306584/serratus-anterior-plane-block-to-address-post-thoracotomy-and-chest-tube-related-pain-a-report-on-3-cases
#7
George M Chu, G Craig Jarvis
In this case report, the serratus anterior plane block was used in conjunction with multilevel continuous thoracic paravertebral blocks (TPVB) and general anesthesia in 3 thoracotomy cases. All blocks were accompanied by use of catheters that allowed continuous local anesthetic infusions and intermittent local anesthetic bolus injections to address postoperative pain. In all 3 patients, the serratus anterior plane block provided analgesia for chest tube-related pain that was not provided by the TPVB alone.
March 16, 2017: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306578/selective-low-volume-nerve-block-for-the-open-surgical-fixation-of-a-midshaft-clavicle-fracture-in-a-conscious-high-risk-patient-a-case-report
#8
Carlos I Salvadores de Arzuaga, José M Naya Sieiro, Oscar Salmeron Zafra, Miguel A González Posada, Esther Marquez Martínez
We report a case of successful intraoperative management using only low-volume regional anesthesia for the open surgical fixation of a traumatic clavicle fracture in a conscious 69-year-old man with severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. To avoid general anesthesia, we provided low-volume C5 and C6 nerve root blocks along with a superficial cervical plexus block using only 9 mL of anesthetic solution to avoid the often encountered complications of higher volume injections. Throughout the procedure, the patient remained comfortable and cooperative with stable hemodynamics and respiration...
March 16, 2017: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306329/the-effect-of-listening-to-music-during-percutaneous-nephrostomy-tube-placement-on-pain-anxiety-and-success-rate-of-procedure-a-randomized-prospective-study
#9
Nurullah Hamidi, Erdem Ozturk
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of listening to music on pain, anxiety, and success of procedure during office-based percutaneous nephrostomy tube placement (PNTP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred consecutive patients (age >18 years) with hydronephrosis were prospectively enrolled in this study. All patients were prospectively randomized to undergo office-based PNTP with (Group I, n = 50) or without music (Group II, n = 50). Anxiety levels were evaluated with State Trait Anxiety Inventory...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303086/anesthesia-provision-in-disasters-and-armed-conflicts
#10
REVIEW
Miguel Trelles Centurion, Rafael Van Den Bergh, Henry Gray
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Disasters and armed conflicts are characterized by high numbers of trauma cases, and occur mainly in developing countries where the healthcare response is already impaired, resulting in an inadequate response. Aside of the trauma cases, other surgical health conditions are also still present and require urgent care. Surgical care needs are different from context to context and depend on local means and capabilities. RECENT FINDINGS: Doctors without Borders (MSF) has proven that even in precarious situations, safe administration of anesthesia is possible, and the "do no harm" principle can and must be upheld...
2017: Current Anesthesiology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302419/intravenous-15-isoflurane-lipid-nanoemulsion-for-general-anesthesia-in-dogs
#11
Claudio C Natalini, Carolina L Krahn, Priscila B S Serpa, Joanna E Griffith, Ricardo Miyasaka de Almeida
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy of a new intravenous (IV) nanoemulsified isoflurane formulation for maintenance of general anesthesia in dogs. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, crossover, experimental study. ANIMALS: Seven healthy, mature, mixed-breed dogs, three male and four female, weighing 11.5 ± 1.5 kg. METHODS: Anesthesia was induced with propofol for instrumentation. Measurements were obtained before administration of either inhaled isoflurane (Iso-I) or IV 15% isoflurane-loaded lipid nanoemulsion (Iso-nano)...
January 7, 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301982/effects-of-glass-ionomer-cement-on-facial-nerve-a-clinical-and-histopathologic-evaluation
#12
Rauf Oguzhan Kum, Sezer Kulacoglu
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical and histopathologic effects of glass ionomer cement (GIC) on facial nerve. METHODS: Eight Wistar albino rats were included in the study. Under general anesthesia, bilateral facial nerves of rats were dissected. Saline was injected into right facial nerves, while GIC was dropped on left facial nerves. Facial nerve functions of the rats were evaluated using mustache and bling reflex scores everyday along 14 days...
March 16, 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301408/k-cl-cotransporter-2-mediated-cl-extrusion-determines-developmental-stage-dependent-impact-of-propofol-anesthesia-on-dendritic-spines
#13
Martin Puskarjov, Hubert Fiumelli, Adrian Briner, Timea Bodogan, Kornel Demeter, Claudia-Marvine Lacoh, Martina Mavrovic, Peter Blaesse, Kai Kaila, Laszlo Vutskits
BACKGROUND: General anesthetics potentiating γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA)-mediated signaling are known to induce a persistent decrement in excitatory synapse number in the cerebral cortex when applied during early postnatal development, while an opposite action is produced at later stages. Here, the authors test the hypothesis that the effect of general anesthetics on synaptogenesis depends upon the efficacy of GABA receptor type A (GABAA)-mediated inhibition controlled by the developmental up-regulation of the potassium-chloride (K-Cl) cotransporter 2 (KCC2)...
March 16, 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300354/annual-general-meetings-2017-of-national-pediatric-anesthesia-groups
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299589/respiratory-variation-in-peak-aortic-velocity-accurately-predicts-fluid-responsiveness-in-children-undergoing-neurosurgery-under-general-anesthesia
#15
Kavita G Morparia, Srijaya K Reddy, Laura J Olivieri, Michael C Spaeder, Jennifer J Schuette
The determination of fluid responsiveness in the critically ill child is of vital importance, more so as fluid overload becomes increasingly associated with worse outcomes. Dynamic markers of volume responsiveness have shown some promise in the pediatric population, but more research is needed before they can be adopted for widespread use. Our aim was to investigate effectiveness of respiratory variation in peak aortic velocity and pulse pressure variation to predict fluid responsiveness, and determine their optimal cutoff values...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298800/a-case-of-subclavian-artery-aneurysm-with-history-of-ischemic-heart-disease-operated-under-cervical-epidural-anesthesia
#16
Amrita Rath, J Abhinay, Sandeep Loha, Atul Kumar Singh
Subclavian artery aneurysm is usually operated under general anesthesia (GA), but in specific situations, it can also be conducted under regional anesthesia (RA) such as cervical epidural anesthesia (CEA). A 48-year-old male presented with chief complaint of progressive swelling in the right side of the neck for the past 3 months following trauma. He was diagnosed as subclavian artery aneurysm, and surgical intervention was advised. He had previous history of angina 4 months back for which tablet aspirin 75 mg and tablet clopidogrel 75 mg once daily was prescribed...
January 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298796/anaesthetic-management-of-a-neuroectodermal-tumor-of-infancy-a-rare-case-report
#17
Pravin Ubale, Namita Baldwa, Pinakin Gujjar
Melanotic neuroectodermal tumor of infancy is a relatively uncommon osteolytic-pigmented neoplasm that primarily affects the jaws of infants. We report a 5-month-old male child who presented with a swelling in the right upper tooth region of upper jaw in which we face difficult mask ventilation as well as difficult intubation. Wide surgical excision was performed under general anesthesia. The uneventful course of anesthesia in the presented case was due to the thorough systemic evaluation and careful anesthetic strategy...
January 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298787/caudal-levobupivacaine-supplemented-with-caudal-or-intravenous-clonidine-in-children-undergoing-infraumbilical-surgery-a-randomized-prospective-double-blind-study
#18
Laxmi Ramya Potti, Yatish Bevinaguddaiah, S Archana, Vinayak Seenappa Pujari, C Manjunath Abloodu
BACKGROUND: Caudal analgesia is the most popular regional anesthesia technique in pediatric population for intraoperative and postoperative analgesia. Clonidine, an α2 agonist, prolongs analgesia without causing significant respiratory depression after systemic or neuraxial administration. However, the most beneficial route of its administration is still controversial. Thus, we compared the effects of caudal and intravenous (i.v) clonidine on postoperative analgesia produced by caudal levobupivacaine in children undergoing infraumbilical surgery...
January 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298784/ventilation-of-nonparalyzed-patients-under-anesthesia-with-laryngeal-mask-airway-comparison-of-three-modes-of-ventilation-volume-controlled-ventilation-pressure-controlled-ventilation-and-pressure-controlled-ventilation-volume-guarantee
#19
Maroun Badwi Ghabach, Elie M El Hajj, Rouba D El Dib, Jeanette M Rkaiby, May S Matta, May R Helou
BACKGROUND: Pressure controlled ventilation (PCV) is the preferable mode of ventilation of nonparalyzed patients undergoing anesthesia with laryngeal mask airway (LMA) as compared to volume controlled ventilation (VCV) and spontaneously breathing patient. In this study, we compared the PC-volume guarantee (PC-VG) mode of ventilation with VCV and PCV modes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 30 patients, American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) physical status Classes I and II, scheduled for elective surgery under general anesthesia with a classic LMA were ventilated, subsequently, with the three modes of ventilation: VCV, PCV, and PC-VG for 10 min each mode...
January 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298780/effects-of-inhaled-nitrous-oxide-on-the-induction-dose-and-time-requirements-of-propofol-a-prospective-randomized-double-blind-study
#20
Kavita Jain, Surendra Kumar Sethi, Mamta Damor, Neena Jain
CONTEXT: Propofol is a commonly used induction agent during general anesthesia. As a sole agent, it does not provide any strong analgesic effect. The nitrous oxide (N2O) used along with propofol for induction of anesthesia augments the induction characteristics and reduces the dose of propofol. AIMS: To study the effects of inhaled N2O on the induction dose and time of propofol during general anesthesia and also its hemodynamic response and adverse effects. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: The present research is a prospective, randomized, double-blind comparative study...
January 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
keyword
keyword
23896
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"