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Occupational psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016829/differential-reporting-of-work-related-mental-ill-health-in-doctors
#1
A Y Zhou, M Carder, L Hussey, M Gittins, R Agius
Background: Evidence suggests that the medical profession is reluctant to report mental ill-health despite its high prevalence. Aims: To compare differential reporting patterns in the incidence of work-related mental ill-health (WRMIH) affecting doctors with selected comparison occupational groups, as determined by surveillance by general practitioners (GPs), specialist psychiatrists and occupational physicians (OPs). Methods: New cases of medically reported WRMIH were reported prospectively between 2006 and 2009 by GPs, psychiatrists and OPs as part of The Health and Occupation Research (THOR) network...
August 4, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953817/working-in-psychiatry-in-new-zealand-experiences-of-international-non-new-zealand-medical-graduates
#2
Ahmed Hankir, Mohammad Shuaib, Sohail Akthtar, Aala Ali, Rashid Zaman
On the 11(th) of February 2016, the Health Secretary in the United Kingdom (UK) Jeremy Hunt announced his plan to impose the Junior Doctor Contract despite thousands of healthcare professionals storming the streets of Westminster in defiant protest. A leading member of the Royal College of Psychiatrists Psychiatric Trainee Committee described the Junior Doctor Contract as 'poisonous', exclaiming that it would be a 'disaster for mental health' and that it would 'disincentivize doctors to work in an already desperately under-resourced specialty'...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912829/mental-health-leadership-and-patient-access-to-care-a-public-private-initiative-in-south-africa
#3
Christopher Paul Szabo, Jennifer Fine, Pat Mayers, Shan Naidoo, Tuviah Zabow
BACKGROUND: Mental health leadership is a critical component of patient access to care. More specifically, the ability of mental health professionals to articulate the needs of patients, formulate strategies and engage meaningfully at the appropriate level in pursuit of resources. This is not a skill set routinely taught to mental health professionals. METHODS: A public-private mental health leadership initiative, emanating from a patient access to care programme, was developed with the aim of building leadership capacity within the South African public mental health sector...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888318/under-pressure-applying-practice-based-learning-and-improvement-to-the-treatment-of-chronic-neuropathic-pain-in-patients-with-burns
#4
REVIEW
Mihaela Rapolti, Cindy Wu, Olga A Schuth, Charles Scott Hultman
Chronic neuropathic pain after burn injury may have multiple causes, such as direct nerve injury, nerve compression, or neuroma formation, and can significantly impair quality of life and limit functional recovery. Management includes a team-based approach that involves close collaboration between occupational and physical therapists, plastic surgeons, and experts in chronic pain, from neurology, anesthesia, psychiatry, and physiatry. Carefully selected patients with an anatomic cause of chronic neuropathic pain unequivocally benefit from surgical intervention...
October 2017: Clinics in Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881361/-practicals-in-a-psychiatric-clinic-for-occupational-orientation-in-pupils
#5
Annette Schaub, Kim Mueser, Ann-Kathrin Schmidt, Gabriele Koller, Peter Falkai
This pilot study investigates the implementation of a practical program for pupils including psychoeducation aimed to educate them about professions in psychiatry. 29 persons aged between 16-21 years were included in the program for vocational orientation at the Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University of Munich, from 2013-2016. The 1-2-week program provides information about job descriptions of psychologists and physicians. On average the pupils performed at M=2.75, SD=0.64 and they were motivated...
September 2017: Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870691/-burnout-in-tunisian-medical-residents-about-149-cases
#6
A Ben Zid, W Homri, I Ben Romdhane, N Bram, R Labbane
BACKGROUND: Burnout is a professional psychological chronic stress-induced syndrome defined by three dimensions: emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and low personal accomplishment. This syndrome concerns all professions but especially healthcare staff. Numerous studies have attempted to document the impact of work activities on the doctor's mental health. According to the literature, junior doctors are more vulnerable to develop this syndrome. AIMS: Are to determine the prevalence of severe burnout among residents of different specialties: anesthesiology, general surgery, emergency medicine, psychiatry, basic sciences...
September 1, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782562/mirna-expression-profile-is-altered-differentially-in-the-rat-brain-compared-to-blood-after-experimental-exposure-to-50%C3%A2-hz-and-1%C3%A2-mt-electromagnetic-field
#7
REVIEW
Mehmet Emin Erdal, Senay Görücü Yılmaz, Serkan Gürgül, Coşar Uzun, Didem Derici, Nurten Erdal
Common complex diseases are a result of host and environment interactions. One such putative environmental factor is the electromagnetic field exposure, especially the occupational extremely low frequency (ELF) magnetic field, 50 Hz, 1 mT, whose neurobiological relevance remains elusive. We evaluated the effects of long-term (60 days) ELF-MF exposure on miRNAs previously related to brain and human diseases (miR-26b-5p, miR-9-5p, miR-29a-3p, miR-106b-5p, miR-107, miR-125a-3p). A total of 64 young (3 weeks-old) and mature (10 weeks-old) male/female Wistar-Albino rats were divided into sham and ELF-MF exposed groups...
August 3, 2017: Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768699/use-of-a-23-hour-emergency-department-observation-unit-for-the-management-of-patients-with-toxic-exposures
#8
Rupeng Mong, Gabriel Joseph Arciaga, Hock Heng Tan
BACKGROUND: A significant proportion of patients with toxic exposures presenting to the ED require admission. However, most will improve within 24 hours, and so could potentially be managed in a short-stay observation unit. We describe the management and outcomes of these patients in a 23-hour ED observation unit (EDOU). METHODS: A retrospective chart review of all patients with toxic exposures admitted to the EDOU in Singapore between 1 April 2013 and 31 March 2015 was performed...
August 2, 2017: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652218/quantitative-positron-emission-tomography-in-brain-research
#9
REVIEW
Kerstin Heurling, Antoine Leuzy, My Jonasson, Andreas Frick, Eduardo R Zimmer, Agneta Nordberg, Mark Lubberink
The application of positron emission tomography (PET) in brain research has increased substantially during the past 20 years, and is still growing. PET provides a unique insight into physiological and pathological processes in vivo. In this article we introduce the fundamentals of PET, and the methods available for acquiring quantitative estimates of the parameters of interest. A short introduction to different areas of application is also given, including basic research of brain function and in neurology, psychiatry, drug receptor occupancy studies, and its application in diagnostics of neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer's disease and Parkinson's disease...
June 23, 2017: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590766/examining-burnout-depression-and-self-compassion-in-veterans-affairs-mental-health-staff
#10
David M Atkinson, John L Rodman, Paul D Thuras, Paulo R Shiroma, Kelvin O Lim
OBJECTIVES: Burnout, a state of emotional exhaustion associated with negative personal and occupational outcomes, is prevalent among healthcare providers. A better understanding of the psychological factors that may be associated with resilience to burnout is essential to develop effective interventions. Self-compassion, which includes kindness toward oneself, recognition of suffering as part of shared human experience, mindfulness, and nonjudgment toward inadequacies and failures, may be one such factor...
July 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527235/implementing-the-icf-in-occupational-health-building-a-curriculum-as-an-exemplary-case
#11
C P M de Brouwer, L G P M van Amelsvoort, Y F Heerkens, G A M Widdershoven, I J Kant
BACKGROUND: This paper addresses the need for a paradigm shift from post-diagnosis tertiary care towards maintenance and promotion of health across the lifespan, for healthcare in general and in occupational healthcare specifically. It is based on the assumption that the realization of this paradigm shift may be facilitated by teaching (future) occupational health professionals to use the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF). OBJECTIVE: Describing the development of a an ICF based occupational health curriculum...
May 17, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483174/-impact-of-a-multimodal-intervention-on-the-psychological-profile-of-schizophrenic-and-bipolar-i-patients-a-study-of-prisma-program
#12
Ana María Díaz-Zuluaga, Cristian Vargas, Kelly Duica, Shanel Richard, Juan David Palacio, Yuli Agudelo Berruecos, Sigifredo Ospina, Carlos López-Jaramillo
BACKGROUND: Bipolar Disorder (BD) and schizophrenia are included in the group of severe mental illness and are main causes of disability and morbidity in the local population due to the bio-psycho-social implications in patients. In the last 20 years or so, adjunctive psychological interventions been studied with the purpose of decreasing recurrences, stabilising the course of the disease, and improving the functionality in these patients. OBJECTIVE: To analyse the psychological effect of a multimodal intervention (MI) vs a traditional intervention (TI) program in BD I and schizophrenic patients...
April 2017: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419586/a-review-of-the-nutritional-challenges-experienced-by-people-living-with-severe-mental-illness-a-role-for-dietitians-in-addressing-physical-health-gaps
#13
REVIEW
S B Teasdale, K Samaras, T Wade, R Jarman, P B Ward
People experiencing a severe mental illness (SMI), such as schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, bipolar affective disorder or depression with psychotic features, have a 20-year mortality gap compared to the general population. This 'scandal of premature mortality' is primarily driven by preventable cardiometabolic disease, and recent research suggests that the mortality gap is widening. Multidisciplinary mental health teams often include psychiatrists, clinical psychologists, specialist mental health nurses, social workers and occupational therapists, offering a range of pharmacological and nonpharmacological treatments to enhance the recovery of clients who have experienced, or are experiencing a SMI...
October 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393994/-psychiatry-and-occupational-diseases-act-in-chile-historical-and-critical-review-of-a-complex-relationship
#14
Juan C Almonte, Cristián Mena, Sofía Ortiz, Juan P Osorio
The Work Accidents and Occupational Diseases Act exists in Chile since 1968. It uses a single model for the understanding and management of both somatic diseases like silicosis and psychiatric disorders. During the last decade in Chile, the consultation rates due to psychiatric conditions of probable labor origin has rose over 1,000%, a factor that underscored the deficiencies of this model. The aim of this paper is to analyze the consequences of the application of this act in the psychiatric field for almost 50 years after its promulgation...
December 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373800/the-effects-of-occupational-therapy-and-psychosocial-interventions-on-interpersonal-functioning-and-personal-and-social-performance-levels-of-corresponding-patients
#15
Soner Çakmak, Hüzün Süt, Sibel Öztürk, Lut Tamam, Ufuk Bal
INTRODUCTION: In this study, we aimed to investigate the effects of occupational therapy and psychosocial interventions on the interpersonal functioning and individual and social performance levels of corresponding patients under the heading of psychosocial treatment approaches in psychiatry clinics as well as the attitudes of the patients in regard to those interventions. METHODS: In 2013, out of psychotic (schizophrenia, bipolar disorder/mania) and nonpsychotic (depression, obsessive compulsive disorder, alcohol dependence) inpatients in our clinic, 48 patients who participated in occupational activities were included in the study group and 43 patients who did not participate in these activities were included in the control group...
September 2016: Noro Psikiyatri Arsivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337648/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-alternating-hemiplegia-of-childhood
#16
REVIEW
Melanie Masoud, Lyndsey Prange, Jeffrey Wuchich, Arsen Hunanyan, Mohamad A Mikati
The diagnosis and treatment of patients with Alternating Hemiplegia of Childhood (AHC) and related disorders should be provided by a multidisciplinary team experienced with the spectrum of presentations of this disease, with its related disorders, with its complex and fluctuating manifestations, and with cutting edge advances occurring in the field. Involvement in research to advance the understanding of this disease and partnership with international collaborators and family organizations are also important...
February 2017: Current Treatment Options in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289792/-stalking-of-psychiatrists-and-psychotherapists-results-of-an-online-survey
#17
P Praus, S Riedel-Heller, H Dressing
BACKGROUND: Currently, there are clear indications that due to their exposed occupational position psychiatrists and psychotherapists are at a higher risk than the general public to become the victim of stalking by patients. OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the frequency of stalking and its psychosocial impact among psychiatrists and psychotherapists in the Federal Republic of Germany. METHODS: Analysis of an online survey among members of the German Association for Psychiatry, Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics (DGPPN) from 23 September 2015 until 22 October 2015...
March 13, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284362/-reorganising-a-department-of-psychiatry-according-to-recovery-principles-a-pilot-study-with-mixed-method-design
#18
Gisbert Eikmeier, Luciana Degano Kieser, Mirjam Paap, Jörg Utschakowski, Angelika Lacroix
Considering the impact of mental disorders, control and evaluation of treatment programs are important topics. Here, we report on a pilot study composed of a qualitative and a quantitative part to monitor the recovery-oriented reorganisation of a psychiatric department. For this purpose 13 and 15, respectively, stakeholders of the change management were interviewed between 2012 (T1) and 2014 (T2). Moreover, patients and staff were asked to complete a German version of the Recovery Self Assessment (RSA) questionnaire...
February 2017: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260566/surviving-the-lunacy-act-of-1890-english-psychiatrists-and-professional-development-during-the-early-twentieth-century
#19
Akinobu Takabayashi
In recent decades, historians of English psychiatry have shifted their major concerns away from asylums and psychiatrists in the nineteenth century. This is also seen in the studies of twentieth-century psychiatry where historians have debated the rise of psychology, eugenics and community care. This shift in interest, however, does not indicate that English psychiatrists became passive and unimportant actors in the last century. In fact, they promoted Lunacy Law reform for a less asylum-dependent mode of psychiatry, with a strong emphasis on professional development...
April 2017: Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198342/-career-development-of-medical-school-graduates-comparison-of-medical-students-from-utrecht-leiden-and-groningen
#20
V van Dee, B M van der Klis, M R van Dijk
OBJECTIVE: To gain insight in the career development of Utrecht medical school graduates. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. METHOD: In November 2015, we investigated the achieved academic title, occupation and position for 281 graduates who had started their medical education at University Medical Centre Utrecht (UMCU) in the academic year 2003-2004. Information was gathered from the BIG-register for medical professionals, through social media and Google, and if necessary through private messaging...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
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