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Occupational psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855769/-cognitive-impairment-after-depression-leads-to-disability
#1
Anja Friis Elliott, Morten Dvoracek Hell, Abigail Sheldrick-Michel, Bent Nielsen
Cognitive impairment plays a crucial role in the course of depression and often persists after remission, which leads to considerable socio-occupational disability. In detecting cognitive deficits, the Danish translation of the Screen for Cognitive Impairment in Psychiatry has proven useful. No current pharmacotherapy has been approved for treating cognitive dysfunction in depression, but selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors may have beneficial effects. Cognitive computer training and psychoeducation are promising in the treatment of cognitive impairment associated with depression...
November 7, 2016: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810113/prediction-of-occupational-disability-from-psychological-and-neuropsychological-evidence-in-forensic-context
#2
Izabela Z Schultz, Ada K Law, Leanna C Cruikshank
Within the fields of psychiatry, psychology, and neuropsychology, medical examiners are often tasked with providing an opinion about an injured individual's health prognosis and likelihood of returning to work. Traditionally, examiners have conducted such assessments by employing clinical intuition, expert knowledge, and judgment. More recently, however, an accumulation of research on factors predictive of disability has allowed examiners to provide prognostications using specific empirically supported evidence...
November 2016: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806425/-an-association-between-autonomy-and-national-ideology-the-founding-of-the-association-for-psychiatry-and-neurology-in-mecklenburg
#3
E Kumbier
Following the end of World War II, regional associations for psychiatry and neurology were founded in the Soviet Occupation Zone. Using the association in Mecklenburg as an example and considering the way society developed in the German Democratic Republic (GDR), it will be shown whether and to what degree these were increasingly subject to state control.
October 2016: Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788697/innovation-and-pragmatism-required-to-reduce-seclusion-practices
#4
John Tully, Leo McSweeney, Katie-Lynn Harfield, Cindie Castle, Mrigendra Das
Seclusion may be harmful and traumatic to patients, detrimental to therapeutic relationships, and can result in physical injury to staff. Further, strategies to reduce seclusion have been identified as a potential method of improving cost-effectiveness of psychiatric services. However, developing alternative strategies to seclusion can be difficult. Interventions to reduce seclusion do not lend themselves to evaluation using randomized controlled trials (RCTs), though comprehensive literature reviews have demonstrated considerable non-RCT evidence for interventions to reduce seclusion in psychiatric facilities...
October 28, 2016: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27767951/description-of-and-preliminary-findings-for-occupational-connections-an-intervention-for-inpatient-psychiatry-settings
#5
Lena Lipskaya-Velikovsky, Moshe Kotler, Terry Krupa
People with mental health conditions (MHCs) frequently experience participation and functional restrictions. Today, hospitals still serve a significant number of people with MHCs. However, there is little evidence for occupation-oriented interventions to support participation, health, and well-being in these hospital settings. This article describes a newly developed, short-term, structured intervention for the inpatient setting, Occupational Connections (OC), that focuses on promoting everyday functions and participation in daily life and presents preliminary findings for its effectiveness...
November 2016: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676731/conversion-paralyses-and-physical-medicine-and-rehabilitation-four-cases-report
#6
Chafia Allam, Ouiza Toumi, Nawel Benhassine, Wahiba Chenaf, Nedjma Bouyaghoub, Meriem Bachiri, Ahmed Ahras
OBJECTIVE: Patients with conversion paralyses have the same disabilities and handicaps as patients with organic paralyses. We report 4 cases of patients with conversion paralyses who have been managed in our physical medicine and rehabilitation department during twelve months. OBSERVATIONS: Two women and 2 men ages 33, 19, 18 and 41 years presented conversion paralyses. The paralyses were varied: hemiplegia, paraplegia, paralysis of the upper limb and paralysis of the lower limb...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651829/a-boy-with-conduct-disorder-cd-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-borderline-intellectual-disability-and-47-xxy-syndrome-in-combination-with-a-7q11-23-duplication-11p15-5-deletion-and-20q13-33-deletion
#7
Gerasimos Kolaitis, Christian G Bouwkamp, Alexia Papakonstantinou, Ioanna Otheiti, Maria Belivanaki, Styliani Haritaki, Terpsihori Korpa, Zinovia Albani, Elena Terzioglou, Polyxeni Apostola, Aggeliki Skamnaki, Athena Xaidara, Konstantina Kosma, Sophia Kitsiou-Tzeli, Maria Tzetis
BACKGROUND: This is a case with multiple chromosomal aberrations which are likely etiological for the observed psychiatric phenotype consisting of attention deficit hyperactivity and conduct disorders. CASE PRESENTATION: We report on an 11 year-old boy, admitted to the pediatric hospital for behavioral difficulties and a delayed neurodevelopmental trajectory. A cytogenetic analysis and high-resolution microarray comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) analysis was performed...
2016: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27632545/occupational-therapy-in-the-primary-health-care-clinic-experiences-of-two-clinicians
#8
Jeanne Eichler, Lydia Royeen
This article provides personal experiences of two clinicians on the topic of occupational therapy in the primary health care clinic. Lydia Royeen is a full time clinician in acute care and psychiatry and Jeanne Eichler is Assistant Professor and founder of the OTonCampus program at Saint Louis University. (PsycINFO Database Record
September 2016: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27629689/satisfaction-with-civilian-family-medicine-residency-training-perspectives-from-serving-general-duty-medical-officers-in-the-canadian-armed-forces
#9
Brent Wolfrom, Geoff Hodgetts, Jyoti Kotecha, Emily Pollock, Mary Martin, Han Han, Pierre Morissette
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate satisfaction with civilian residency training programs among serving general duty medical officers within the Canadian Armed Forces. DESIGN: A 23-item, cross-sectional survey face-validated by the office of the Surgeon General of the Canadian Armed Forces. SETTING: Canada. PARTICIPANTS: General duty medical officers serving in the Canadian Armed Forces as of February 2014 identified through the Directorate of Health Services Personnel of the Canadian Forces Health Services Group Headquarters...
September 2016: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27601502/diagnostic-evaluation-for-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-survey-of-health-professionals-in-australia
#10
Lauren J Taylor, Valsamma Eapen, Murray T Maybery, Sue Midford, Jessica Paynter, Lyndsay Quarmby, Timothy Smith, Katrina Williams, Andrew J O Whitehouse
OBJECTIVES: There is currently no agreed Australian standard for the diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) even though there are specific diagnostic services available. We suspected inconsistency in the diagnostic practices of health professionals in Australia and aimed to assess these practices across the nation by surveying all relevant professional groups. DESIGN: In this study, we completed a survey of 173 health professionals whose clinical practice includes participating in the diagnostic process for ASD in Australia...
2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27459843/-not-available
#11
Giovanni Galeoto, Rita De Santis, Alessandra Marcolini, Alfonso Cinelli, Rossana Cecchi
UNLABELLED: The legislative developments that led to the Three-year Degree of the Health Professions poses any health professional in the position of having to comply with the ethical and legal duty to obtain valid informed consent from the patient prior to treatment. In the present work, attention was focused on the figure of the occupational therapist. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Informed consent forms have been developed according to the specific disease from which the patient undergoing occupational therapy is affected...
April 2016: Giornale Italiano di Medicina del Lavoro Ed Ergonomia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27450799/italian-colonial-psychiatry-outlines-of-a-discipline-and-practical-achievements-in-libya-and-the-horn-of-africa
#12
Marianna Scarfone
This article describes the establishment of psychiatry in Italy's former colonies during the period 1906-43, in terms of the clinical and institutional mechanisms, the underlying theories and the main individuals involved. 'Colonial psychiatry' (variously called 'ethnographic', 'comparative' or 'racial' psychiatry) - the object of which was both to care for mentally afflicted colonists and local people and also to understand and make sense of their pathologies - received most attention in colonial Libya, starting in the first months of the Italian occupation (1911-12) and then taking institutional form in the 1930s; in the colonies of what was known as 'Italian East Africa', on the other hand, less was said about psychiatric care, and practical achievements were correspondingly limited...
July 22, 2016: History of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27375083/preventing-work-related-stress-among-staff-working-in-children-s-cancer-principal-treatment-centres-in-the-uk-a-brief-survey-of-staff-support-systems-and-practices
#13
B Beresford, F Gibson, J Bayliss, S Mukherjee
Growing evidence of the association between health professionals' well-being and patient and organisational outcomes points to the need for effective staff support. This paper reports a brief survey of the UK's children's cancer Principal Treatment Centres (PTCs) regarding staff support systems and practices. A short on-line questionnaire, administered in 2012-2013, collected information about the availability of staff support interventions which seek to prevent work-related stress among different members of the multi-disciplinary team (MDT)...
July 4, 2016: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27301832/surveillance-monitoring-management-for-general-care-units-strategy-design-and-implementation
#14
Susan P McGrath, Andreas H Taenzer, Nancy Karon, George Blike
BACKGROUND: The growing number of monitoring devices, combined with suboptimal patient monitoring and alarm management strategies, has increased "alarm fatigue," which have led to serious consequences. Most reported alarm man- agement approaches have focused on the critical care setting. Since 2007 Dartmouth-Hitchcock (Lebanon, New Hamp- shire) has developed a generalizable and effective design, implementation, and performance evaluation approach to alarm systems for continuous monitoring in general care settings (that is, patient surveillance monitoring)...
July 2016: Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27265691/understanding-the-burnout-experience-recent-research-and-its-implications-for-psychiatry
#15
Christina Maslach, Michael P Leiter
The experience of burnout has been the focus of much research during the past few decades. Measures have been developed, as have various theoretical models, and research studies from many countries have contributed to a better understanding of the causes and consequences of this occupationally-specific dysphoria. The majority of this work has focused on human service occupations, and particularly health care. Research on the burnout experience for psychiatrists mirrors much of the broader literature, in terms of both sources and outcomes of burnout...
June 2016: World Psychiatry: Official Journal of the World Psychiatric Association (WPA)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27245979/acute-hospital-dementia-care-results-from-a-national-audit
#16
Suzanne Timmons, Emma O'Shea, Desmond O'Neill, Paul Gallagher, Anna de Siún, Denise McArdle, Patricia Gibbons, Sean Kennelly
BACKGROUND: Admission to an acute hospital can be distressing and disorientating for a person with dementia, and is associated with decline in cognitive and functional ability. The objective of this audit was to assess the quality of dementia care in acute hospitals in the Republic of Ireland. METHODS: Across all 35 acute public hospitals, data was collected on care from admission through discharge using a retrospective chart review (n = 660), hospital organisation interview with senior management (n = 35), and ward level organisation interview with ward managers (n = 76)...
2016: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27217753/diagnostic-pitfalls-in-a-young-romanian-ranger-with-an-acute-psychotic-episode
#17
Előd Ernő Nagy, Attila Rácz, Edit Urbán, Gabriella Terhes, Timea Berki, Emőke Horváth, Anca M Georgescu, Iringó E Zaharia-Kézdi
The identification and distinction of the pathological conditions underlying acute psychosis are often challenging. We present the case of a 35-year-old ranger who had no history of acute or chronic infectious disease or any previous neuropsychiatric symptoms. He arrived at the Psychiatry Clinic and was admitted as an emergency case, displaying bizarre behavior, hallucinations, paranoid ideation, and delusional faults. These symptoms had first appeared 7 days earlier. An objective examination revealed abnormalities of behavior, anxiety, visual hallucinations, choreiform, and tic-like facial movements...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27212815/cognitive-self-regulation-social-functioning-and-psychopathology-in-schizophrenia
#18
Shivani Santosh, Debdulal Dutta Roy, Partha Sarathi Kundu
AIM: To explore relation between cognitive self-regulation, social functioning, and psychopathology in schizophrenia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 100 patients diagnosed with schizophrenia according to International Classification of Diseases (ICD)-10 were taken from Department of Psychiatry of two postgraduate hospitals of Kolkata, India. All subjects gave informed consent. After recording sociodemographic and clinical details, the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale for Schizophrenia (PANSS), Schizophrenia Research Foundation India-Social Functioning Index (SCARF-SFI), and specially designed questionnaire on cognitive self-regulation was administered...
July 2015: Industrial Psychiatry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27124109/chlorpromazine-versus-reserpine-for-schizophrenia
#19
REVIEW
Selin Nur, Clive E Adams
BACKGROUND: In the 1940s reserpine, refined from a plant extract that had been used for centuries, began to be used as a treatment for people with mental disorders and was one of the very first antipsychotic drugs. Its irreversible pharmacological potency and adverse effects meant that it has been withdrawn in the UK and its role has been superceded by 'newer' compounds. The effects of reserpine are of historical interest although there are some reports of it still being used in highly specialist situations in psychiatry...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27033975/exploring-and-explaining-involuntary-care-the-relationship-between-psychiatric-admission-status-gender-and-other-demographic-and-clinical-variables
#20
Aoife Curley, Emmanuel Agada, Afam Emechebe, Chike Anamdi, Xiao Ting Ng, Richard Duffy, Brendan D Kelly
Involuntary admission and treatment are features of psychiatric care in many countries, but the relationship between involuntary status and gender (among other factors) is not clear. We examined demographic and diagnostic factors associated with involuntary admission in a general adult psychiatry service in a deprived area of Dublin's north inner-city over a 7-year period (2008 to 2014 inclusive). Over this period, there were 1099 admissions, yielding an annual admission rate of 504.8 admissions per 100,000 population per year...
July 2016: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
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