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Bipolar mood disorder

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332095/both-serum-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-and-interleukin-6-levels-are-not-associated-with-therapeutic-response-to-lamotrigine-augmentation-therapy-in-treatment-resistant-depressive-disorder
#1
Shoko Kagawa, Kazuo Mihara, Takeshi Suzuki, Goyo Nagai, Akifumi Nakamura, Kenji Nemoto, Tsuyoshi Kondo
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Serum levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) were prospectively monitored in relation with therapeutic response to lamotrigine augmentation therapy in 46 (15 males and 31 females) inpatients with treatment-resistant depressive disorder during an 8-week treatment with lamotrigine using an open-study design. METHODS: The subjects were 46 depressed patients who had already shown insufficient response to at least 3 psychotropics including antidepressants, mood stabilizers, and atypical antipsychotics...
January 12, 2018: Neuropsychobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331712/genetic-biomarkers-for-differential-diagnosis-of-major-depressive-disorder-and-bipolar-disorder-a-systematic-and-critical-review
#2
REVIEW
Itiana Castro Menezes, Cristiane von Werne Baes, Riccardo Lacchini, Mario Francisco Juruena
Depressive symptoms are present in the depressive mood state of bipolar disorder (BPD) and major depression disorder (MDD). Often, in clinical practice, BPD patients are misdiagnosed with MDD. Therefore, genetic biomarkers could contribute to the improvement of differential diagnosis between BPD and MDD. This systematic and critical review aimed to find in literature reliable genetic biomarkers that may show differences between BPD and MDD. This systematic review followed the PRISMA-P method. The terms used to search PubMed, Scopus, PsycINFO, and Web of Science were depress*, bipolar, diagnos*, genetic*, biomark*...
January 10, 2018: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331691/design-limitations-to-bipolar-ii-treatment-efficacy-studies-a-challenge-and-a-revisionist-strategy
#3
REVIEW
Gordon B Parker, Gabriela Tavella
BACKGROUND: Trials examining medication efficacy for bipolar II disorder commonly employ a set of standardized interval measures to assess outcomes. The key issue is whether such interval measures pick up changes in the severity, duration and frequency of depressive, hypomanic and euthymic episodes. METHOD: We examine the application of measures most commonly used to monitor progress in nine studies involving participants with a bipolar II disorder and published in journals with a moderate to high impact factor...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329056/subjective-and-objective-sleep-discrepancy-in-symptomatic-bipolar-disorder-compared-to-healthy-controls
#4
Venkatesh Krishnamurthy, Dahlia Mukherjee, Aubrey Reider, Scott Seaman, Gagan Singh, Julio Fernandez-Mendoza, Erika Saunders
BACKGROUND: Bipolar disorder (BD) is associated with sleep misperception. The objective of this study was to investigate the correlation between subjective and objective measures of sleep in persons with symptomatic bipolar disorder (BDS) compared to healthy controls (HC). METHODS: We studied 24 BDS and 30 HC subjects similar in age, race and sex. Subjective sleep was measured with Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and objective sleep with 7-days of actigraphy...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320386/examining-the-feasibility-and-acceptability-of-an-online-yoga-class-for-mood-disorders-a-moodnetwork-study
#5
Lisa Uebelacker, Steven C Dufour, Jacob G Dinerman, Samantha L Walsh, Casey Hearing, Lee T Gillette, Thilo Deckersbach, Andrew A Nierenberg, Lauren Weinstock, Louisa G Sylvia
BACKGROUND: Despite ongoing advances in the treatment of mood disorders, a substantial proportion of people diagnosed with major depression or bipolar disorder remain symptomatic over time. Yoga, which has been shown to reduce stress and depressive symptoms, as well as to improve overall quality of life, shows promise as an adjunctive treatment. However, dissemination of yoga for clinical populations remains challenging. The purpose of this pilot study was to test the feasibility and acceptability of an online yoga intervention for individuals with mood disorders...
January 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320364/cardiometabolic-effects-of-psychotropic-medications
#6
REVIEW
Oluchi Abosi, Sneha Lopes, Samantha Schmitz, Jess G Fiedorowicz
Background Many psychiatric disorders including schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and major depression convey an excess burden of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. The medications used to treat these conditions may further adversely affect cardiovascular risk and exacerbate health disparities for vulnerable populations. There is a clinical need to appreciate the cardiometabolic adverse effects of psychotropic medications. Methods This paper reviews the most relevant cardiometabolic effects of psychotropic medications, organized around the components of metabolic syndrome...
January 10, 2018: Hormone Molecular Biology and Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316081/alterations-of-the-cerebellum-and-basal-ganglia-in-bipolar-disorder-mood-states-detected-by-quantitative-t1%C3%AF-mapping
#7
Casey P Johnson, Gary E Christensen, Jess G Fiedorowicz, Merry Mani, Joseph J Shaffer, Vincent A Magnotta, John A Wemmie
OBJECTIVES: Quantitative mapping of T1 relaxation in the rotating frame (T1ρ) is a magnetic resonance imaging technique sensitive to pH and other cellular and microstructural factors, and is a potentially valuable tool for identifying brain alterations in bipolar disorder. Recently, this technique identified differences in the cerebellum and cerebral white matter of euthymic patients vs healthy controls that were consistent with reduced pH in these regions, suggesting an underlying metabolic abnormality...
January 7, 2018: Bipolar Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310970/lithium-stress-and-resilience-in-bipolar-disorder-deciphering-this-key-homeostatic-synaptic-plasticity-regulator
#8
REVIEW
Rodrigo Machado-Vieira
BACKGROUND: Lithium is the lightest metal and the only mood stabilizer that has been used for over half a century for the treatment of bipolar disorder (BD). As a small ion, lithium is omnipresent, and consequently, its molecular mechanisms and targets are widespread. Currently, lithium is a crucial pharmacotherapy for the treatment of acute mood episodes, prophylactic therapy, and suicide prevention in BD. Besides, lithium blood level is the most widely used biomarker in clinical psychiatry...
December 22, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309989/bipolar-disorder-and-related-mood-states-are-not-associated-with-endothelial-function-of-small-arteries-in-adults-without-heart-disease
#9
Brian Tong, Oluchi Abosi, Samantha Schmitz, Janie Myers, Gary L Pierce, Jess G Fiedorowicz
BACKGROUND: Individuals with bipolar disorder are at increased risk for adverse cardiovascular disease (CVD) events. This study aimed to assess endothelial function and wave reflection, a risk factor for CVD, as measured by finger plethysmography in bipolar disorder to investigate whether CVD risk was higher in bipolar disorder and altered during acute mood episodes. We hypothesized that EndoPAT would detect a lower reactive hyperemia index (RHI) and higher augmentation index (AIX) in individuals with bipolar disorder compared with controls...
December 19, 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308715/exploring-the-relationship-between-vitamin-d-and-mania-correlations-between-serum-vitamin-d-levels-and-disease-activity
#10
Neslihan Altunsoy, Rabia Nazik Yüksel, Merve Cingi Yirun, Ayşegül Kılıçarslan, Çiğdem Aydemir
BACKGROUND: Several studies suggest an association between hypovitaminosis D and mood disorders including major depressive disorder, seasonal affective disorder and premenstrual dysphoric disorder. On the other hand, there is not enough study about acute manic episode and hypovitaminosis D. This data insufficient zone led us to study on whether vitamin D deficiency is associated with acute manic episode and has an impact on disease activity Methods: Thirty-one patients with bipolar disorder in remission, 26 patients with acute manic episode and 40 healthy controls with no major psychopathology were recruited in this study...
January 7, 2018: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308332/topiramate-induced-lithium-toxicity
#11
Afaque H Khan, Shazia Q Shah
This case report discusses a suspected case of lithium toxicity following the administration of topiramate (TPM). Our patient is a 47-year-old man who has been an inpatient for the past year and was diagnosed with schizoaffective disorder bipolar type 1 for the past 20 years according to the criteria of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fifth edition (DSM-5). He manifested symptoms of lithium toxicity following administration of TPM to ameliorate the compulsive consumption of food and liquids...
October 26, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286593/circadian-rhythm-sleep-wake-disorders-predict-shorter-time-to-relapse-of-mood-episodes-in-euthymic-patients-with-bipolar-disorder-a-prospective-48-week-study
#12
Yoshikazu Takaesu, Yuichi Inoue, Kotaro Ono, Akiko Murakoshi, Kunihiro Futenma, Yoko Komada, Takeshi Inoue
OBJECTIVE: Circadian rhythm dysfunction has been considered to be common in bipolar disorder (BD) and plays an important role in mood dysregulation in this disorder. However, no study has investigated whether circadian rhythm dysfunction would affect the clinical course of BD. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that circadian rhythm dysfunction could be a predictor of relapse in euthymic BD patients. METHODS: One hundred four euthymic outpatients with BD diagnosed according to the criteria of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5), participated in this prospective follow-up study from August 2014 to April 2015...
December 26, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283064/glycogen-synthase-kinase-3%C3%AE-as-a-putative-therapeutic-target-for-bipolar-disorder
#13
Manoj P Dandekar, Samira S Valvassori, Gustavo Colombo Dal-Pont, Joao L DeQuevedo
BACKGROUND: Bipolar disorder (BD) is a debilitating mental ailment characterized by recurrent episodes of mania and depression. Primary mood-stabilizing drugs like lithium and valproate alleviate the hypomanic or mild to moderate manic episodes in patients with BD. One of the extensively studied underlying mechanisms for these pharmacological interventions is inhibition of intracellular signaling cascades associated with glycogen synthase kinase-3 beta (GSK-3β), a multi-functional serine-threonine kinase...
December 27, 2017: Current Drug Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280686/state-dependent-alterations-of-lipid-profiles-in-patients-with-bipolar-disorder
#14
Yu-Jui Huang, Shang-Ying Tsai, Kuo-Hsuan Chung, Pao-Huan Chen, Shou-Hung Huang, Chian-Jue Kuo
Objective Serum lipid levels may be associated with the affective severity of bipolar disorder, but data on lipid profiles in Asian patients with bipolar disorder and the lipid alterations in different states of opposite polarities are scant. We investigated the lipid profiles of patients in the acute affective, partial, and full remission state in bipolar mania and depression. Methods The physically healthy patients aged between 18 and 45 years with bipolar I disorder, as well as age-matched healthy normal controls were enrolled...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275445/issues-on-the-diagnosis-and-etiopathogenesis-of-mood-disorders-reconsidering-dsm-5
#15
REVIEW
Kazuyoshi Ogasawara, Yukako Nakamura, Hiroyuki Kimura, Branko Aleksic, Norio Ozaki
The authors present a narrative review from the diagnostic and nosologic viewpoints of mood disorders (bipolar and depressive ones) by revisiting the revision from the fourth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Text Revision to DSM-5, including the following: the separation of the bipolar and depressive sections; the addition of increased energy and continuation of symptoms to the hypo/manic criteria; the elimination of mixed episodes; the creation of new categories and specifiers ("other specified bipolar and related disorder", "disruptive mood dysregulation disorder", "with anxious distress", "with mixed features", "with peripartum onset"); the categorization of hypo/manic episodes during antidepressant treatment into bipolar disorder; the elimination of the "bereavement exclusion"; the ambiguous separation between bipolar I and II; the insufficient distinction between "other specified bipolar and related disorders" and major depressive disorder; the differentiation regarding borderline personality disorder; agitation; premenstrual dysphoric disorder; and society and psychiatry...
December 23, 2017: Journal of Neural Transmission
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258468/variability-of-activity-patterns-across-mood-disorders-and-time-of-day
#16
Karoline Krane-Gartiser, Arne E Vaaler, Ole Bernt Fasmer, Kjetil Sørensen, Gunnar Morken, Jan Scott
BACKGROUND: Few actigraphy studies in mood disorders have simultaneously included unipolar (UP) and bipolar (BD) depression or BD mixed states as a separate subgroup from mania. This study compared objectively measured activity in UP, BD depression, mania and mixed states and examined if patterns differed according to time of day and/or diagnostic group. METHODS: Eighty -eight acutely admitted inpatients with mood disorders (52 UP; 18 mania; 12 BD depression; 6 mixed states) underwent 24 hours of actigraphy monitoring...
December 19, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248821/psychometric-properties-of-the-well-being-index-who-5-spanish-version-in-a-sample-of-euthymic-patients-with-bipolar-disorder
#17
C M Bonnín, L N Yatham, E E Michalak, A Martínez-Arán, T Dhanoa, I Torres, C Santos-Pascual, E Valls, A F Carvalho, J Sánchez-Moreno, M Valentí, I Grande, D Hidalgo-Mazzei, E Vieta, M Reinares
BACKGROUND: The concept of well-being which focuses on positive emotions has received increased research attention. However, a consensus definition of this term is lacking. The Well-Being Index scale (WHO-5) is a generic, self-report scale that contains five Likert-type items to evaluate psychological well-being. This construct may provide a relevant outcome in bipolar disorder (BD) research and care beyond the rating of mood symptoms. Thus, in the current study, the psychometric properties of the WHO-5 Spanish version were assessed in a sample of euthymic patients with BD...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245092/predictors-of-hospitalization-length-of-stay-among-re-admitted-treatment-resistant-bipolar-disorder-inpatients
#18
M Fornaro, F Iasevoli, S Novello, A Fusco, A Anastasia, D De Berardis, A Valchera, A de Bartolomeis
BACKGROUND: Hospitalization accounts for significant health care resource utilization for treatment-resistant Bipolar Disorder (BD), especially among frequent users of acute inpatient psychiatric units. Appraisal of the clinical features and predictive role of selected variables is therefore crucial in such population, representing the aim of the present research. METHODS: A hundred and nineteen BD inpatients with an established history of pharmacological treatment resistance for either mania or bipolar depression were classified as long hospitalization cases (LOS+) and their controls and compared against each other for a number of demographic, clinical, and psychopathological features...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243543/a-kainate-receptor-gluk4-deletion-protective-against-bipolar-disorder-is-associated-with-enhanced-cognitive-performance-across-diagnoses-in-the-twinsuk-cohort
#19
Maria Koromina, Miles Flitton, Ian Mellor, Helen Miranda Knight
OBJECTIVES: Cognitive deficits are a common feature of neuropsychiatric disorders. We investigated the relationship between cognitive performance and a deletion allele within GluK4 protective against risk for bipolar disorder, in 1642 individuals from the TwinsUK study. METHODS: Cognitive performance was assessed using the National Adult Reading Test, four CANTAB tests (Spatial Working Memory, Paired Associates Learning, Pattern Recognition Memory, and Reaction Time), and two Principal Component Analysis derived factors...
December 15, 2017: World Journal of Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241120/a-study-on-the-association-of-mood-disorders-and-gluten-related-diseases
#20
Brunetta Porcelli, Valeria Verdino, Fabio Ferretti, Nicola Bizzaro, Lucia Terzuoli, Francesca Cinci, Letizia Bossini, Andrea Fagiolini
Our study aimed to evaluate the presence of antibodies related to gluten intolerance in patients with mood disorders. A total of 60 patients with a diagnosis of bipolar disorder or depressive disorder were recruited. Fourty-eight subjects randomly selected among unrelated family members were included as controls. Celiac disease-associated antibodies were assayed both in the patients and controls. Mean values of IgA/IgG anti-gliadin antibodies, IgA/IgG anti-deamidated gliadin peptide antibodies and IgA anti-transglutaminase (tTG) antibodies were not different between patients and controls...
December 6, 2017: Psychiatry Research
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