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Hyun-Chang Lim, Jung-Seok Lee, Ui-Won Jung, Seong-Ho Choi
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the bone regenerative potential of enamel matrix derivative (EMD) in a defect around a dental implant. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Five mongrel dogs were used. A circumferential defect was created around osteotomies that had been fabricated to receive titanium implants. The defects were treated with EMD, biphasic calcium phosphate (BCP), a mixture of EMD and BCP (EBCP), or blood coagulum (control). RESULTS: In general, the amount of new bone formation, the most-coronal level of bone-implant contact, defect fill, and bone-implant contact ratio were greater in the EMD group than in the control group, but the differences did not reach statistical significance...
April 2016: Implant Dentistry
Shihai Deng, Desheng Li, Xue Yang, Shanbin Zhu, Wei Xing
Nitrogen pollution in ground and surface water significantly affects the environment and its organisms, thereby leading to an increasingly serious environmental problem. Such pollution is difficult to degrade because of the lack of carbon sources. Therefore, an electrochemical and biological coupling process (EBCP) was developed with a composite catalytic biological carrier (CCBC) and applied in a pilot-scale cylindrical reactor to treat wastewater with a carbon-to-nitrogen (C/N) ratio of 2. The startup process, coupling principle, and dynamic feature of the EBCP were examined along with the effects of hydraulic retention time (HRT), dissolved oxygen (DO), and initial pH on nitrogen removal...
March 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Daniel J Rinchuse, Mauro Cozzani
Proffitt et al. have described "effectiveness and efficiency" (E&E) as achieving desired results without wasting the orthodontist's and patients' time. In 1972, Archibald Cochrane published a monograph entitled "Effectiveness and Efficiency," which challenged the medical community to use medical protocols that were evidence-based. As a possible starting point for E&E, the orthodontist could consider an "Evidence-based clinical practice" (EBCP) model, which integrates the best research evidence with clinical expertise and patient values...
December 2015: International Orthodontics
Pavel Bokvaj, Said Hafidh, David Honys
Pollen, an extremely reduced bicellular or tricellular male reproductive structure of flowering plants, serves as a model for numerous studies covering wide range of developmental and physiological processes. The pollen development represents a fragile and vital phase of plant ontogenesis and pollen was among the first singular plant tissues thoroughly characterized at the transcriptomic level (Honys and Twell [5]). Arabidopsis pollen developmental transcriptome has been published over a decade ago (Honys and Twell, 2004) and transcriptomes of developing pollen of other species have followed (Rice, Deveshwar et al...
March 2015: Genomics Data
Jesús Molina Mula, Paulina Muñoz Navarro, Janeth Vaca Auz, Carmita Cabascango Cabascango, Katty Cabascango Cabascango
OBJECTIVE: The research raises the need to increase understanding of organizational and personal factors that influence the attitude and aptitude of each professional, with respect to evidence-based clinical practice. The aim of this study is to describe the transfer of knowledge into clinical practice in hospital units in Imbabura (Ecuador) identifying the obstacles to implementing evidence-based clinical practice validated questionnaire EBPQ-19. METHOD: A cross-sectional observational study was conducted in hospitals of the Ministry of Public Health of Imbabura of Ecuador took place, including a total of 281 nurses and physicians...
November 2015: Enfermería Clínica
Christopher B Roecker, Cynthia R Long, Robert D Vining, Dana J Lawrence
BACKGROUND: Evidence-based clinical practice (EBCP) is a practice model gaining prominence within healthcare, including the chiropractic profession. The status of EBCP has been evaluated in a variety of healthcare disciplines, but little is known regarding the attitudes doctors of chiropractic (DCs) hold toward this model of healthcare. This project examines the attitudes toward EBCP within a specialty discipline of DCs. METHODS: We identified a survey questionnaire previously used to evaluate EBCP among non-chiropractic complementary and alternative practitioners...
December 6, 2013: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
Barbara A Mansholt, John S Stites, Dustin C Derby, Ron J Boesch, Stacie A Salsbury
BACKGROUND: Evidence-based clinical practice (EBCP) is an accepted practice for informed clinical decision making in mainstream health care professions. EBCP augments clinical experience and can have far reaching effects in education, policy, reimbursement and clinical management. The proliferation of published research can be overwhelming-finding a mechanism to identify literature that is essential for practitioners and students is desirable. The purpose of this study was to survey leaders in the chiropractic profession on their opinions of essential literature for doctors of chiropractic, faculty, and students to read or reference...
September 27, 2013: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
Inmaculada Sánchez-García, Isabel M López-Medina, Pedro L Pancorbo-Hidalgo
AIMS: To examine the obstacles perceived by nurses to implement an evidence-based clinical practice. METHOD: A qualitative study through semi-structured interviews conducted in 2010-2011 including 11 nurses purposively selected from public hospitals and community centres in Jaén and Córdoba (Spain). A content analysis was performed, using Miles and Huberman as a reference and comprising the following steps: data reduction, data presentation, and data conclusion/verification...
November 2013: Enfermería Clínica
Joan de Pedro-Gómez, José Miguel Morales-Asencio, Albert Sesé Abad, Miquel Bennasar Veny, Guillem Artigues Vives, Catalina Perelló Campaner
OBJECTIVES: To determine the factors that nursing professionals perceive as facilitating evidence-based clinical practice (EBCP) in the Balearic Islands Health Service (Spain) by identifying possible differences according to nurses' characteristics and their occupational settings. METHODS: We performed a multicenter, cross-sectional, observational study of 3,129 staff nurses in the Balearic Islands Health Service in 2009, who were surveyed using the Evidence-Based Practice Questionnaire (EBPQ) and the Nursing Work Index (PES-NWI)...
May 2011: Gaceta Sanitaria
Eva Abad-Corpa, Cristobal Meseguer-Liza, José Tomás Martínez-Corbalán, Lourdes Zárate-Riscal, Amor Caravaca-Hernández, Antonio Paredes-Sidrach de Cardona, Andrés Carrillo-Alcaraz, Pilar Delgado-Hito, Julio Cabrero-García
AIM: To generate changes in nursing practice introducing an evidence-based clinical practice (EBCP) model through a participatory process. To evaluate the effectiveness of the changes in terms of nurse-sensitive outcome (NSO). BACKGROUND: For international nursing science, it is necessary to explore the reasons for supporting EBCP and evaluate the real repercussions and effectiveness. METHODS: A mixed methods study with a sequential transformative design will be conducted in the bone marrow transplant unit of a tertiary-level Spanish hospital, in two time periods >12 months (date of approval of the protocol: 2006)...
August 2010: Journal of Advanced Nursing
Bart M Demaerschalk, Dean M Wingerchuk
We examine the relevance of evidence-based clinical practice (EBCP) in the field of clinical neurosciences, emphasize feasible methods for neurologists to incorporate EBCP into their practice, draw attention to available EBCP resources for the neurosciences, highlight how EBCP has been incorporated into clinical neuroscience training programs, present other EBCP initiatives in neurology, and describe the Mayo Clinic Evidence-Based Clinical Practice, Research, Informatics, and Training (MERIT) Center EBCP programs...
September 2007: Seminars in Neurology
J G Burneo, M E Jenkins
The primary objective of education in evidence-based clinical practice (EBCP) is to provide a resident or student with the requisite skills to satisfactorily solve real everyday clinical problems throughout their careers and to translate those solutions into better care for patients. At the University of Western Ontario in London, Canada, there is a well-developed and highly successful evidence-based neurology curriculum primarily aimed at residents. This article summarizes the current context of EBCP postgraduate training in the neurological sciences and a detailed description of its purpose, learning outcomes, required resources, content, teaching strategies, and assessment tools...
June 2007: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
J G Burneo, M E Jenkins, M Bussière
BACKGROUND: Since 1998, the University of Western Ontario Evidence-Based Neurology Programme has been fostering life-long self-teaching, self-evaluation, and promoting improvement of the care of neurological patients by teaching neurology residents to practice Evidence-Based Clinical Practice (EBCP). DESIGN/METHODS: Using a questionnaire/survey we evaluated participation during EBCP sessions and the applicability of EBCP to current and future clinical practice. Also, using a rating scale we investigated how likely our residents' and graduates' clinical practice has been influenced by the EBCP knowledge; and, if they were teaching these concepts to residents or medical students...
December 1, 2006: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
Frank Merkle
Perfusion education and training varies considerably throughout Europe. Unlike in the US, where a common curriculum for perfusion education has been established, each European country has its own education system. This fact is further complicated by a multitude of national languages and cultures. Thus, perfusion education programmes vary, not only in content, but also in their academic levels. This article aims to give a comprehensive overview of the situation in each of the 20 member states of the European Board of Cardiovascular Perfusion (EBCP)...
January 2006: Perfusion
M E Fonteyn
In the past decade, clinicians have dramatically increased their use of the Internet as an information resource to guide clinical practice. The amount of evidence-based information on the World Wide Web (WWW) is growing at an explosive rate. Although the term "Internet" actually refers to the wires that link computers, and the term "World Wide Web" refers to the linked information, these terms will be used interchangeably in this article. Advanced practice nurses (APNs) need to learn how to locate evidence-based information efficiently on the Internet, how to evaluate the validity and relevance of the information, and how to use the information to support their practice decisions...
November 2001: AACN Clinical Issues
J Ramos, M González, F Ramírez, R Young, V Zúñiga
Sugarcane bagasse was pretreated with both the white-rot fungus, Ceriporiopsis subvermispora, and xylanase enzyme for 2 weeks before soda chemithermomechanical (CTMP) and soda chemical (CP) cooking. For fungi-CTMP (BCTMP) and enzyme-fungi-CTMP (EBCTMP), the bagasse, after bio-pretreatment, was cooked with 5% sodium hydroxide, at 130 degrees C for 20 min. For the chemical pulping (CP), after fungi pretreatment (BCP) or after xylanase and fungal pretreatment (EBCP), the bagasse was cooked with 14.5% sodium hydroxide...
March 2001: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
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