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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339029/degree-of-tinnitus-improvement-with-stapes-surgery-a-review
#1
Aliciane Mota G Cavalcante, Isabella Monteiro de Castro Silva, Bianca Jessica Neves, Carlos Augusto Oliveira, Fayez Bahmad
INTRODUCTION: Otospongiosis is temporal bone osteodystrophy, characterized by disordered bone resorption and neoformation in genetically predisposed individuals. Clinically, otospongiosis is characterized by progressive conductive and/or mixed hearing loss and by tinnitus. OBJECTIVE: A review of the last two decades of publications that report the degree of tinnitus improvement with stapes surgery. METHODS: 125 articles published in the last 20 years mentioning the relationship between otosclerosis and tinnitus...
January 5, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336898/effect-of-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-on-short-term-and-long-term-treatment-of-chronic-tinnitus
#2
Hamidreza Abtahi, Ahmadreza Okhovvat, Somaiie Heidari, Azar Gharagazarloo, Motahare Mirdamadi, Mohammad Hossein Nilforoush, Hossein Ghazavi
OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to investigate the effectiveness of anodal and cathodal methods in reducing the intensity of tinnitus and to compare them with the control. METHODOLOGY: This randomized double-blind clinical trial with case and control groups was conducted in Al-Zahra Hospital in Isfahan between 2015 and 2016. In this trial, 51 patients with tinnitus, for at least one year, were selected among those outpatients visiting the throat, nose and ear clinic within this period...
January 6, 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298506/a-new-reversal-steps-stapedotomy
#3
Giuseppe Malafronte
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether removal of the stapes head and not the entire stapes superstructure prevents footplate complications. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective study. PATIENTS: One hundred and forty-five patients with otosclerosis were included. Patients were divided into 2 groups as follows: Individuals in group 1 (n = 75) underwent removal of the entire stapes superstructure; individuals in group 2 (n = 70) underwent removal of the stapes head only...
January 1, 2018: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260778/-the-application-of-stapedoplasty-for-the-treatment-of-hearing-loss-in-the-patients-suffering-from-obliterative-otosclerosis
#4
A I Kryukov, E V Garov, E I Zelikovich, N G Sidorina, O V Fedorova, V N Zelenkova, A S Kaloshina, E E Zagorskaya, G V Kurilenkov, V E Kiselyus
This article presents the results of analysis of the data obtained during the examination and the surgical treatment of the patients presenting with the obliterative form of otosclerosis and suffering from hearing impairment with special reference to the intraoperative findings, technical aspects of stapedoplasty, and its effectiveness. A total of 14 patients (17 ears) were recruited for the participation in the present study including 10 women at the mean age of 38.8±6.2 years and 4 men (mean age 44.8±3...
2017: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227983/bone-conducted-vestibular-evoked-myogenic-potentials-before-and-after-stapes-surgery
#5
Kazuyuki Akazawa, Shigeto Ohta, Kenzo Tsuzuki, Masafumi Sakagami
OBJECTIVE: To identify whether stapes surgery causes otolith dysfunction using bone-conducted vestibular-evoked myogenic potentials (VEMPs). STUDY DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: Hyogo College of Medicine Hospital. PATIENTS: Twenty primary ears (19 otosclerosis, 1 congenital stapes fixation) in 17 patients (2 men, 15 women; mean age 51 yr, range 20-68 yr) who had normal cervical VEMP (cVEMP) and ocular VEMP (oVEMP) results with bone-conducted stimulation were included...
January 2018: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227459/otosclerosis-with-concomitant-anterior-malleolar-ligament-fixation
#6
Yona Vaisbuch, Davood Karimi Hosseini, John S Oghalai
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224005/evidence-of-osteoclastic-activity-in-the-human-temporal-bone
#7
Takefumi Kamakura, Joseph B Nadol
Bone remodeling within the otic capsule has been reported to be inhibited especially at or near the cochlea, except under some pathological conditions such as otosclerosis, Paget's disease, or mastoiditis, when bone remodeling can occur. Microcavitations found in periosteal and endosteal layers of human temporal bone specimens without otosclerosis, Paget's disease, or inflammation as reported in the current study are consistent with osteoclastic bone resorption. Thirty-three temporal bones from 33 patients were prepared for light microscopy and classified into 4 groups: histologically proven dehiscence of the superior semicircular canal (SSCD) (n = 3, group 1), age 20 years or younger (n = 10, group 2), age 90 years or older and with otosclerosis (n = 10, group 3), and age 90 years or older without otosclerosis (n = 10, group 4)...
December 9, 2017: Audiology & Neuro-otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209853/3d-endoscopic-ear-surgery-a-clinical-pilot-study
#8
Daniele Bernardeschi, Ghizlene Lahlou, Daniele De Seta, Francesca Yoshie Russo, Isabelle Mosnier, Olivier Sterkers
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of a new high-resolution 3D endoscope in endoscopic ear and lateral skull base surgery. METHODS: Eight patients, five women and three men, were included in this clinical pilot prospective study. Their age was 38 ± 17.3 years (mean ± SD, range 17-54 years). The right side was involved in five cases, and the left side in three cases. There were three cases of chronic otitis, one case of cholesteatoma of the external auditory canal, one case of otosclerosis, one case of cochlear implant surgery, and two cases of stage 2 vestibular schwannoma operated on with a retrosigmoid approach to preserve hearing...
December 5, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190487/minimally-invasive-laser-vibrometry-mivib-with-a-floating-mass-transducer-a-new-method-for-objective-evaluation-of-the-middle-ear-demonstrated-on-stapes-fixation
#9
Jeremy Wales, Kilian Gladiné, Paul Van de Heyning, Vedat Topsakal, Magnus von Unge, Joris Dirckx
Ossicular fixation through otosclerosis, chronic otitis media and other pathologies, especially tympanosclerosis, are treated by surgery if hearing aids fail as an alternative. However, the best hearing outcome is often based on knowledge of the degree and location of the fixation. Objective methods to quantify the degree and position of the fixation are largely lacking. Laser vibrometry is a known method to detect ossicular fixation but clinical applicability remains limited. A new method, minimally invasive laser vibrometry (MIVIB), is presented to quantify ossicle mobility using laser vibrometry measurement through the ear canal after elevating the tympanic membrane, thus making the method feasible in minimally invasive explorative surgery...
November 20, 2017: Hearing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130651/further-delineation-of-the-gdf6-related-multiple-synostoses-syndrome
#10
Paulien A Terhal, Nienke E Verbeek, Nine Knoers, Rutger J A J Nievelstein, Ans van den Ouweland, Ralph J Sakkers, Lucienne Speleman, Gijs van Haaften
A mutation in GDF6 was recently found to underlie a multiple synostoses syndrome. In this report, we describe the second family with GDF6-related multiple synostoses syndrome (SYNS4), caused by a novel c.1287C>A/p.Ser429Arg mutation in GDF6. In addition to synostoses of carpal and/or tarsal bones, at least 6 of 10 affected patients in this family have been diagnosed with mild to moderate hearing loss. In four of them otosclerosis was said to be present, one patient had hearing loss due to severe stapes fixation at the age of 6 years, providing evidence that hearing loss in the GDF6-related multiple synostoses syndrome can be present in childhood...
January 2018: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116384/living-with-otosclerosis-disease-specific-health-related-quality-of-life-measurement-in-patients-undergoing-stapes-surgery
#11
Susen Lailach, Tina Schenke, Ingo Baumann, Hannah Walter, Mark Praetorius, Thomas Beleites, Thomas Zahnert, Marcus Neudert
INTRODUCTION: Otosclerosis is associated with hearing disability, leading to communication deficits and social and psychological restrictions. The objective of our study was to analyze disease-specific health-related quality of life (HRQOL) after stapes surgery and compare the outcome of HRQOL with audiometric parameters. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Our clinical case study was conducted at two tertiary referral centers. All the 37 patients who had undergone stapes surgery were analyzed clinically and by audiometric testing (pure tone and speech audiometry) in the pre- and postoperative settings...
January 2018: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095508/laser-assisted-fixation-of-a-nitinol-stapes-prosthesis
#12
Florian Schrötzlmair, Fabian Suchan, Thomas Pongratz, Eike Krause, Joachim Müller, Ronald Sroka
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Otosclerosis is an inner ear bone disease characterized by fixation of the stapes and consequently progressive hearing loss. One treatment option is the surgical replacement of the stapes by a prosthesis. When so called "smart materials" like nitinol are used, prosthesis fixation can be performed using a laser without manual crimping on the incus. However, specific laser-prosthesis interactions have not been described yet. The aim of the present study was to elucidate the thermo-mechanical properties of the NiTiBOND® prosthesis as a basis for handling instructions for laser-assisted prosthesis fixation...
November 2, 2017: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094069/third-generation-bisphosphonates-for-cochlear-otosclerosis-stabilizes-sensorineural-hearing-loss-in-long-term-follow-up
#13
Taha A Jan, Aaron K Remenschneider, Christopher Halpin, Margaret Seton, Michael J McKenna, Alicia M Quesnel
Objective: To assess long-term hearing outcomes in patients treated with third-generation bisphosphonates for otosclerosis-related progressive sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL). Study Design: Retrospective case series review. Methods: We performed a retrospective case series review of patients with otosclerosis and progressive SNHL. Patients were treated with either risedronate or zoledronate after a diagnosis of otosclerosis with a significant SNHL component...
October 2017: Laryngoscope Investigative Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080146/use-of-narrow-band-imaging-and-4k-technology-in-otology-and-neuro-otology-preliminary-experience-and-feasibility-study
#14
Henry Zhang, Phui Yee Wong, Tiarnan Magos, Jabin Thaj, Gaurav Kumar
The advent of the endoscope has facilitated otological surgery in recent years. Advances in optical technology have led to the development of high definition visualisation, such as 4K magnification. Narrow band imaging (NBI) has been shown to improve visualisation of tissue based on varying degrees of vascularity. This is a feasibility study, the first of its kind, aiming to investigate the appearances of middle ear anatomy and pathology (tympanic membrane, tympanosclerosis, cholesteatoma, granulation, endolymphatic sac hydrops, otosclerosis) under the NBI filter, using a high definition 4K endoscope...
January 2018: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076927/the-etiological-relationship-between-migraine-and-sudden-hearing-loss
#15
Yildiz Arslan, İlker Burak Arslan, Huriye Aydin, Özlem Yağiz, Figen Tokuçoğlu, İbrahim Çukurova
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the relationship between sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) and migraine, assess the prevalence of migraine in patients with idiopathic SSNHL, and determine a possible common vascular etiopathogenesis for migraine and SSNHL. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Tertiary referral center. PATIENTS: This study initially assessed 178 SSNHL cases obtained from the Head and Neck Surgery Clinic patient database at a tertiary hospital in Turkey between January 2011 and March 2016...
December 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065093/cochlear-implantation-in-cochlear-ossification-retrospective-review-of-etiologies-surgical-considerations-and-auditory-outcomes
#16
Ashish Vashishth, Andrea Fulcheri, Sampath Chandra Prasad, Margherita Bassi, Gianluca Rossi, Antonio Caruso, Mario Sanna
OBJECTIVES: 1) To review the surgical and auditory outcomes and complications of cochlear implantation in cases with cochlear ossification. 2) To evaluate association between the extent and etiology of ossification to outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: Otology and skull base surgery center. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Charts of 40 patients (42 ears) with cochlear ossification undergoing cochlear implantation were reviewed...
January 2018: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056463/a-high-jugular-bulb-and-poor-development-of-perivestibular-aqueductal-air-cells-are-not-the-cause-of-endolymphatic-hydrops-in-patients-with-m%C3%A3-ni%C3%A3-re-s-disease
#17
Ryohei Oya, Takao Imai, Takashi Sato, Atsuhiko Uno, Yoshiyuki Watanabe, Suzuyo Okazaki, Yumi Ohta, Tadashi Kitahara, Arata Horii, Hidenori Inohara
OBJECTIVE: The presence of endolymphatic hydrops in the inner ear, which can be detected with gadolinium-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (Gd-MRI), is widely recognized as the main pathological cause of Ménière's disease (MD). However, the precise mechanisms underlying the development of endolymphatic hydrops remains unclear. One hypothesis proposes a relationship between the presence of a high jugular bulb (HJB) and MD, which disrupts the vestibular aqueduct leading to the development of endolymphatic hydrops...
October 19, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054951/community-acquired-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-meningitis
#18
Charles Gallaher, James Norman, Abhinav Singh, Frances Sanderson
Gram-negative bacilli such as Pseudomonas aeruginosa are a rare cause of meningitis. Patients developing P. aeruginosa meningitis most commonly have a history of neurosurgical procedures. We report a patient who presented with community-acquired chronic meningitis secondary to P. aeruginosa, related to surgery for otosclerosis 5 years previously.
October 19, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982792/prevalence-of-internal-auditory-canal-diverticulum-and-its-association-with-hearing-loss-and-otosclerosis
#19
K J Pippin, T J Muelleman, J Hill, J Leever, H Staecker, L N Ledbetter
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Focal low-attenuation outpouching or diverticulum at the anterolateral internal auditory canal is an uncommon finding on CT of the temporal bone. This finding has been described as cavitary otosclerosis in small case reports and histology series. The purpose of this study was to establish the prevalence of internal auditory canal diverticulum and its association with classic imaging findings of otosclerosis and/or hearing loss. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Temporal bone CT scans of 807 patients, obtained between January 2013 and January 2016, were retrospectively reviewed to identify internal auditory canal diverticula and/or classic imaging findings of otosclerosis...
November 2017: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972472/identifying-otosclerosis-with-aural-acoustical-tests-of-absorbance-group-delay-acoustic-reflex-threshold-and-otoacoustic-emissions
#20
Douglas H Keefe, Kelly L Archer, Kendra K Schmid, Denis F Fitzpatrick, M Patrick Feeney, Lisa L Hunter
BACKGROUND: Otosclerosis is a progressive middle-ear disease that affects conductive transmission through the middle ear. Ear-canal acoustic tests may be useful in the diagnosis of conductive disorders. This study addressed the degree to which results from a battery of ear-canal tests, which include wideband reflectance, acoustic stapedius muscle reflex threshold (ASRT), and transient evoked otoacoustic emissions (TEOAEs), were effective in quantifying a risk of otosclerosis and in evaluating middle-ear function in ears after surgical intervention for otosclerosis...
October 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
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