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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775021/-the-correlation-between-radiological-classification-and-clinical-audiometry-in-otosclerosis
#1
Y Ren, K Wang, J Q Zhang
Objective: The aim of this study is to explore the correlation between radiological classification on HRCT and effects on surgery with hearing improvement in otosclerosis. Method: Thirty three patients (66 ears) with otosclerosis were enrolled to this study, who would be done operation using Fischs stapes surgery technique. All patients were classified according to axial HRCT preoperatively. All patients were evaluated by pure tone test preoperatively and 6 months postoperatively. Correlation between radiological classification and hearing effects were studied...
February 2018: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773417/stapes-surgery-preserving-the-superstructure-of-stapes-takagi-s-stapedotomy-in-otosclerosis-a-retrospective-study-of-24-consecutive-cases
#2
Shin-Ichi Sato, Akira Takagi, Takashi Fujiwara
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the hearing outcomes and complications of stapedotomy in which the stapes superstructure was preserved (Takagi's stapedotomy). In this surgical approach, the lenticular process of the incus rather is removed, than the superstructure of the stapes. METHODS: A single-center retrospective observational study was performed. We included all patients having Takagi's stapedotomy for otosclerosis between January 2005 and April 2016...
May 14, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764776/vestibulo-cochlear-function-after-cochlear-implantation-in-patients-with-meniere-s-disease
#3
Raquel Manrique-Huarte, Diego Calavia, Laura Alvarez-Gomez, Alicia Huarte, Nicolás Perez-Fernández, Manuel Manrique
OBJECTIVES: To measure the auditory (pure tone audiometry and word recognition scores) and vestibular (video head impulse test and vestibular myogenic potentials) outcomes in patients diagnosed with Meniere's disease (MD) who underwent cochlear implantation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This prospective study included 23 cochlear implant users with MD and 29 patients diagnosed with far-advanced otosclerosis (the control group). RESULTS: The preoperative mean pure tone average thresholds were 99 and 122...
April 2018: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728750/evidence-of-distinct-reln-and-tgfb1-genetic-associations-in-familial-and-non-familial-otosclerosis-in-a-british-population
#4
Andrew J Mowat, Michael Crompton, Joanna L Ziff, Christopher P Aldren, Jeremy A Lavy, Shakeel R Saeed, Sally J Dawson
Otosclerosis is a common form of hearing loss which typically presents in young adults. The disease has a familial, monogenic form and a non-familial form with a more complex aetiology. A previous genome wide association study identified evidence that variants within RELN are associated with the condition. Other genes in which an association has been reported include BMP2, COL1A1, FGF2, PPP2R5B and TGFB1. However, follow up studies have often failed to replicate initial positive results. The aim of this study was to establish if an association exists between eight single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in these six previously implicated genes and otosclerosis in a British case-control cohort (n = 748)...
May 4, 2018: Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698956/long-term-hearing-outcomes-following-stapedotomy-in-patients-with-otosclerosis-and-preoperative-small-air-bone-gap
#5
Anna Alberti, Enric Figuerola, Guillermo Romero, Miquel Quer, Francisco Larrosa
OBJECTIVES: To assess the long-term effectiveness of stapedotomies performed on patients with otosclerosis and preoperative small air-bone gaps (ABGs). METHODS: Retrospective study comparing the 10-year postoperative hearing outcomes after primary stapedotomies in patients with small (≤20 dB) and large ABGs (> 20 dB). Ninety out of 175 stapedotomies (22 and 68 in the small and large ABG groups, respectively) were monitored with long-term follow-ups. RESULTS: Ten years after the operation, hearing measurements were similar for both groups, although a significant decline of bone conduction thresholds was evident (p = 0...
April 26, 2018: Audiology & Neuro-otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688804/are-patients-with-spontaneous-csf-otorrhea-and-superior-canal-dehiscence-congenitally-predisposed-to-their-disorders
#6
Shawn M Stevens, Kiefer Hock, Ravi N Samy, Myles L Pensak
Objectives (1) Compare lateral skull base (LSB) height/thickness in patients with spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid otorrhea (CSF), superior canal dehiscence (SCD), acoustic neuromas (AN), and otosclerosis (OTO). (2) Perform correlations between age, body mass index (BMI), sex, and LSB height/thickness. Study Design Case series with chart review. Setting Tertiary referral center. Subjects and Methods Patients with CSF, SCD, AN, and OTO diagnosed from 2006 to 2016 were included if they had high-definition temporal bone computed tomography (CT) and absence of trauma, radiation, chronic ear disease, and/or congenital anomaly...
April 1, 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658107/malleostapedotomy-in-stapes-revision-surgery-is-an-endoscopic-approach-possible
#7
Giannicola Iannella, Diletta Angeletti, Alessandra Manno, Benedetta Pasquariello, Massimo Re, Giuseppe Magliulo
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: The purpose of the present study was to show our preliminary results regarding the endoscopic ear surgery application in malleostapedotomy surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Case series. METHODS: Six patients (four females and two males) who underwent endoscopic ear surgery as revision surgery for otosclerosis were enrolled in this study. For endoscopic malleostapedotomy surgery, rigid angled endoscopes at 0 ° and 30 ° with a length of 14 cm and an outer diameter of 3 and 4 mm were used...
April 15, 2018: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649044/oval-window-size-and-shape-a-micro-ct-anatomical-study-with-considerations-for-stapes-surgery
#8
Matthew J Zdilla, Janusz Skrzat, Magdalena Kozerska, Bartosz Leszczyński, Jacek Tarasiuk, Sebastian Wroński
BACKGROUND: The oval window is an important structure with regard to stapes surgeries, including stapedotomy for the treatment of otosclerosis. Recent study of perioperative imaging of the oval window has revealed that oval window niche height can indicate both operative difficulty and subjective discomfort during otosclerosis surgery. With regard to shape, structures incorporated into the oval window niche, such as cartilage grafts, must be compatible with the shape of the oval window...
April 11, 2018: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619098/short-term-audiological-results-of-diode-laser-in-comparison-with-manual-perforation-in-stapes-surgery
#9
Rogerio Hamerschmidt, Stephanie Sbizera Saab, Bettina Carvalho, Carolina do Carmo
Introduction  Diode laser is a new alternative in stapes surgery for otosclerosis. The present study is the first to compare the short-term results of the surgery performed using diode laser to those obtained through the conventional fenestration technique. Objective  To use audiometry to establish a comparative analysis between the functional results obtained through surgery for otosclerosis using diode laser and the conventional technique. Method  Audiometric evaluation of 12 patients submitted to stapes surgery for otosclerosis, using diode laser or conventional fenestration by needle and drills, between 2014 and 2015...
April 2018: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577849/facial-nerve-stimulation-after-cochlear-implantation-our-experience-in-448-adult-patients
#10
Joana Sanches Pires, Ana Sofia Melo, Ricardo Caiado, Jorge Humberto Martins, João Elói Moura, Luís Filipe Silva
Facial nerve stimulation (FNS) after cochlear implant activation is a well-known side effect, with an incidence rate raging between 1% and 14.9%. Some causes of deafness have been associated with a higher incidence of this entity, however, there is still no consensus regarding its pathophysiological mechanisms. Although FNS can be solved with changes in speech processor programming, in some cases this can lead to a decrease in performance. The aim of this work was to review the epidemiologic, clinical aspects, and performance results in a group of FNS after cochlear implantation...
March 25, 2018: Cochlear Implants International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570801/predictive-factors-in-995-stapes-surgeries-for-primary-otosclerosis
#11
Mohammad T Khorsandi A, Mir M Jalali, Vahideh Shoshi D
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: This study sought to identify the predictors of outcome in patients with otosclerosis undergoing primary stapes surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of medical records. METHODS: A total of 995 patients with otosclerosis who underwent primary stapes surgery by a single surgeon between January 2006 and December 2016 were included. Logistic regression analysis was performed to examine factors affecting postoperative hearing thresholds at individual frequencies...
March 23, 2018: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29533375/history-of-publications-from-the-american-otological-society-a-celebration-of-the-150-year-history-of-the-american-otological-society
#12
Lawrence R Lustig
: The American Otological Society (AOS) has been on the forefront of advancing the science of auditory and vestibular physiology, and art of ear medicine since its founding in 1868. For 150 years, through its publications, the AOS has provided a critical forum to debate these advances, highlighting treatment successes and failures, and served a place to celebrate its history. This historical review provides an overview of the publications of the AOS since its founding: the Transactions of the annual meeting from 1868 through 2006, Treatises on Otosclerosis (1928-1935), the History of the Society from the 100 and 125th anniversary, and the sponsored Society journals-American Journal of Otology (1879-1883, 1979-2000) and Otology & Neurotology (2001-present)...
April 2018: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29525390/management-of-chronic-suppurative-otitis-media-and-otosclerosis-in-developing-countries
#13
REVIEW
Adam Master, Eric Wilkinson, Richard Wagner
Chronic ear disease is a major cause of acquired hearing loss in the developing world. It is prevalent on every continent, but occurs more commonly in poorer nations owing to a lack of preventative measures. This article outlines the particular challenges in treating this disease in the developing world, including a discussion of surgical management and special situations. Otosclerosis is another surgically treatable cause of hearing loss that is found throughout the developing world. Surgeons working in these environments should be prepared to deal with advanced otosclerotic disease...
June 2018: Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29520797/an-internally-validated-prognostic-model-for-success-in-revision-stapes-surgery-for-otosclerosis
#14
Inge Wegner, Robert Vincent, Laura S M Derks, Simone P Rauh, Martijn W Heymans, Inge Stegeman, Wilko Grolman
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To develop a prediction model that can accurately predict the chance of success following revision stapes surgery in patients with recurrent or persistent otosclerosis at 2- to 6-months follow-up and to validate this model internally. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study of prospectively gathered data in a tertiary referral center. METHODS: The associations of 11 prognostic factors with treatment success were tested in 705 cases using multivariable logistic regression analysis with backward selection...
March 9, 2018: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29516059/audiological-results-of-endoscopic-surgical-repair-of-the-long-process-of-incus
#15
Badi Aldosari, Jean-Marc Thomassin
Objective: The purpose of this study is to evaluate our experience with endoscopic repair of ossicular discontinuity at the incudostapedial joint, with or without an intact stapes suprastructure, and present our hearing results. We classify results based on the causative pathology, the type of ossiculoplasty, and type of lesion. We demonstrate the ability to endoscopically place a total ossicular replacement prosthesis (TORP), measuring 4.25 mm, between the stapes footplate and the incus remnant to reestablish ossicular continuity...
September 2017: World Journal of Otorhinolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504040/incomplete-and-false-tract-insertions-in-cochlear-implantation-retrospective-review-of-surgical-and-auditory-outcomes
#16
Ashish Vashishth, Andrea Fulcheri, Maurizio Guida, Antonio Caruso, Mario Sanna
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate incidence, demographics, surgical, and radiological correlates of incomplete and false tract electrode array insertions during cochlear implantation (CI). To evaluate outcomes in patients with incomplete electrode insertion (IEI). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis. SETTING: Otology and skull base center. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Charts of 18 patients (19 ears) with incomplete or false tract insertions of the electrode array were evaluated who underwent CI, with at least 1 year follow-up (from 470 cases)...
May 2018: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502732/otosclerosis-and-stapes-surgery
#17
EDITORIAL
Adrien A Eshraghi, Fred F Telischi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502731/controversies-in-the-evaluation-and-management-of-otosclerosis
#18
REVIEW
John T McElveen, J Walter Kutz
Controversies have been associated with the etiology, diagnosis, evaluation, and management of otosclerosis since Valsalva first described stapes fixation as a cause of hearing loss. Although the exact mechanism of the bone remodeling associated with otosclerosis remains uncertain, stapedotomy has been accepted as the surgical treatment of most patients with stapedial otosclerosis. There remains a disparity of opinion, however, regarding the role of preoperative imaging, surgical technique, implant selection, and medical therapy for cochlear otosclerosis...
April 2018: Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502730/potential-of-robot-based-surgery-for-otosclerosis-surgery
#19
REVIEW
Yann Nguyen, Daniele Bernardeschi, Olivier Sterkers
Otosclerosis surgery is performed through a transcanal approach and requires long, thin instruments with submillimetric precision and precise amplitude of motion. The functional outcomes and complications of otosclerosis surgery depend on the experience of the surgeon. Thus, any technological assistance that can enhance the surgeon's dexterity and rapidly reduce the learning curve could yield an even safer surgical procedure. One of the options is to use robotic assistance to achieve this goal. An overview of different robots designed for otosclerosis surgery is presented focusing on the RobOtol system that we have designed as a multitask platform for ear surgery...
April 2018: Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502729/revision-surgery-for-otosclerosis
#20
REVIEW
Apoorva T Ramaswamy, Lawrence R Lustig
This article is an overview of the care of patients requiring revision surgery for otosclerosis. Preoperative evaluation of the patient including surgical history, audiologic results, and physical findings is discussed, and the causes of failure of primary surgery are reviewed. A discussion of evidence-based surgical technique and postoperative care then follows.
April 2018: Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America
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