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Ultrasound assisted regional anesthesia

Francine D'Ercole, Harendra Arora, Priya A Kumar
Local anesthetic injected into a wedge-shaped space lateral to the spinal nerves as they emerge from the intervertebral foramina produces somatosensory and sympathetic nerve blockade effective for anesthesia and for managing pain of unilateral origin from the chest and abdomen. Paravertebral blockade (PVB) is versatile and may be applied unilaterally or bilaterally. Unlike thoracic epidural, the PVB technique may be used to avoid contralateral sympathectomy, thereby minimizing hypotension and leading to better preservation of blood pressure...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
Caroline Maloney, Michelle Kallis, Ibrahim Abd El-Shafy, Aaron M Lipskar, John Hagen, Michelle Kars
INTRODUCTION: Despite its minimally invasive approach, laparoscopic surgery can cause considerable pain. Regional analgesic techniques such as the rectus sheath block (RSB) offer improved pain management following elective umbilical hernia repair in the pediatric population. This effect has not been examined in laparoscopic single-incision surgery in children. We sought to compare the efficacy of bilateral ultrasound-guided RSB versus local anesthetic infiltration (LAI) in providing postoperative pain relief in pediatric single-incision transumbilical laparoscopic assisted appendectomy (TULA) with same-day discharge...
March 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Adam C Levine, Carrie Teicher, Adam R Aluisio, Tess Wiskel, Pola Valles, Miguel Trelles, Justin Glavis-Bloom, Rebecca F Grais
BACKGROUND: Lower extremity trauma during earthquakes accounts for the largest burden of disaster-related injuries. Insufficient pain management is common in resource-limited disaster settings, and regional anesthesia (RA) may reduce pain in injured patients beyond current standards of care. To date, no controlled trials have been conducted to evaluate the use of RA for pain management in a disaster setting. METHODS/DESIGN: The Regional Anesthesia for Painful Injuries after Disasters (RAPID) study aims to evaluate whether regional anesthesia (RA), either with or without ultrasound (US) guidance, can reduce pain from earthquake-related lower limb injuries in a disaster setting...
November 14, 2016: Trials
Erik Smistad, Daniel Høyer Iversen, Linda Leidig, Janne Beate Lervik Bakeng, Kaj Fredrik Johansen, Frank Lindseth
Ultrasound-guided regional anesthesia can be challenging, especially for inexperienced physicians. The goal of the proposed methods is to create a system that can assist a user in performing ultrasound-guided femoral nerve blocks. The system indicates in which direction the user should move the ultrasound probe to investigate the region of interest and to reach the target site for needle insertion. Additionally, the system provides automatic real-time segmentation of the femoral artery, the femoral nerve and the two layers fascia lata and fascia iliaca...
January 2017: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
Daryl S Henshaw, Sarah L Kittner, Jonathan D Jaffe
Although there are many potentially effective therapeutic options for complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS), no definitive treatment exists. Therefore, patients often exhaust both medical and surgical treatment options attempting to find relief for their symptoms. As pain control and restoration of physical movement are primary treatment goals, strategies that include regional anesthesia techniques are commonly employed, but potentially underutilized, treatment modalities. The authors present a patient with refractory CRPS that had significant improvement in both pain control and the ability to tolerate intensive physical therapy following the placement of a superficial radial nerve catheter and an infusion of local anesthetic for 6 days as part of a multimodal analgesic regimen...
June 2016: Journal of Pain & Palliative Care Pharmacotherapy
Sabrina Ben Ahmed, Marie Benezit, Juliette Hazart, Anthony Brouat, Guillaume Daniel, Eugenio Rosset
BACKGROUND: Endovascular treatment of proximal supra-aortic trunks (SAT) has become a safe and reliable alternative to conventional open surgery, with a lower morbimortality rate and good short- and middle-term patency rates. The aim of our study was to assess the long-term results of endovascular treatment of proximal lesions of the SAT (brachiocephalic trunk, common carotid artery, and subclavian artery) and identify predictive risk factors of restenosis. METHODS: From 1999 to 2013, 67 consecutive stenotic lesions of the proximal SAT were treated by angioplasty (13...
May 2016: Annals of Vascular Surgery
P Kranke, T Annecke, D H Bremerich, R Hanß, L Kaufner, C Klapp, H Ohnesorge, U Schwemmer, T Standl, S Weber, T Volk
Obstetric analgesia and anesthesia have some specific aspects, which in particular are directly related to pathophysiological alterations during pregnancy and also to the circumstance that two or even more individuals are always affected by complications or therapeutic measures. This review article deals with some evergreens and hot topics of obstetric anesthesia and essential new knowledge on these aspects is described. The article summarizes the talks given at the 16th symposium on obstetric anesthesia organized by the Scientific Committee for Regional Anaesthesia and Obstetric Anaesthesia within the German Society of Anaesthesiology...
January 2016: Der Anaesthesist
Howard D Palte
In the past decade ophthalmic anesthesia has witnessed a major transformation. The sun has set on the landscape of ophthalmic procedures performed under general anesthesia at in-hospital settings. In its place a new dawn has ushered in the panorama of eye surgeries conducted under regional and topical anesthesia at specialty eye care centers. The impact of the burgeoning geriatric population is that an increasing number of elderly patients will present for eye surgery. In order to accommodate increased patient volumes and simultaneously satisfy administrative initiatives directed at economic frugality, administrators will seek assistance from anesthesia providers in adopting measures that enhance operating room efficiency...
2015: Local and Regional Anesthesia
Mehran Pesteie, Purang Abolmaesumi, Hussam Al-Deen Ashab, Victoria A Lessoway, Simon Massey, Vit Gunka, Robert N Rohling
PURPOSE: Injection therapy is a commonly used solution for back pain management. This procedure typically involves percutaneous insertion of a needle between or around the vertebrae, to deliver anesthetics near nerve bundles. Most frequently, spinal injections are performed either blindly using palpation or under the guidance of fluoroscopy or computed tomography. Recently, due to the drawbacks of the ionizing radiation of such imaging modalities, there has been a growing interest in using ultrasound imaging as an alternative...
June 2015: International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery
Merce Avellanet, Xavier Sala-Blanch, Lidia Rodrigo, Miguel A Gonzalez-Viejo
Interscalene brachial plexus block (IBPB) has been widely used in shoulder surgical procedures. The incidence of postoperative neural injury has been estimated to be as high as 3 %. We report a long-term neurologic deficit after a nerve stimulator assisted brachial plexus block. A 55 year-old male, with right shoulder impingement syndrome was scheduled for elective surgery. The patient was given an oral dose of 10 mg of diazepam prior to the nerve stimulator assisted brachial plexus block. The patient immediately complained, as soon as the needle was placed in the interscalene area, of a sharp pain in his right arm and he was sedated further...
February 2016: Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
Ilana E Najman, Joana Z Ferreira, Caio J X Abimussi, Beatriz P Floriano, Thais M Meneghetti, Valéria N L S Oliva, Paulo do Nascimento
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the benefit and specifically the feasibility of using ultrasound in ophthalmologic periconal block, and the occurrence of complications. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective experimental study. ANIMALS: Ten healthy New Zealand White rabbits (6-8 months of age), weighing 2.0-3.5 kg. METHODS: Rabbits were anesthetized by intramuscular injection of acepromazine (1 mg kg(-1)), ketamine (30 mg kg(-1)) and xylazine (3 mg kg(-1))...
July 2015: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
Brian Johnson, Andrew Herring, Michael Stone, Arun Nagdev
INTRODUCTION: Ultrasound-guided nerve blocks (UGNB) are increasingly used in emergency care. The hand-on-syringe (HS) needle technique is ideally suited to the emergency department setting because it allows a single operator to perform the block without assistance. The HS technique is assumed to provide less exact needle control than the alternative two-operator hand-on-needle (HN) technique; however this assumption has never been directly tested. The primary objective of this study was to compare accuracy of needle targeting under ultrasound guidance by emergency medicine (EM) residents using HN and HS techniques on a standardized gelatinous simulation model...
September 2014: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
Adel Hafiane, Pierre Vieyres, Alain Delbos
Ultrasound guided regional anesthesia (UGRA) is steadily growing in popularity, owing to advances in ultrasound imaging technology and the advantages that this technique presents for safety and efficiency. The aim of this work is to assist anaesthetists during the UGRA procedure by automatically detecting the nerve blocks in the ultrasound images. The main disadvantage of ultrasound images is the poor quality of the images, which are also affected by the speckle noise. Moreover, the nerve structure is not salient amid the other tissues, which makes its detection a challenging problem...
September 2014: Computers in Biology and Medicine
Min-Soo Kim, Sun-Joon Bai, Jeong-Rim Lee, Young Deuk Choi, Yoon Jae Kim, Seung Ho Choi
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess the extent of the increased intracranial pressure (ICP) resulting from CO2 pneumoperitoneum and steep Trendelenburg positioning using ultrasonographic measurement of optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) in patients undergoing robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RALRP). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty patients who underwent elective RALRP were enrolled in this study. ONSD and regional cerebral oxygen saturation (rSO2) were investigated noninvasively using ocular ultrasonography and near-infrared spectroscopy before anesthesia (T0), 10 minutes after anesthesia induction in the supine position (T1), 10 and 30 minutes after CO2 pneumoperitoneum with 30-degree Trendelenburg positioning (T2 and T3), and after returning to supine position without CO2 pneumoperitoneum at the conclusion of the RALRP (T4)...
July 2014: Journal of Endourology
Chrystelle Sola, Olivier Choquet, Olivier Prodhomme, Xavier Capdevila, Christophe Dadure
Adverse events associated with anesthetic management of anterior mediastinal masses in pediatrics are common. To avoid an extremely hazardous general anesthesia, the use of real-time ultrasonography offers an effective alternative in high-risk cases. We report the anesthetic management including a light sedation and ultrasound guidance for regional anesthesia, surgical node biopsy, and placement of a central venous line in two children with an anterior symptomatic mediastinal mass. For pediatric patients with clinical and/or radiologic signs of airway compression, ultrasound guidance provides safety technical assistance to avoid general anesthesia and should be performed for the initial diagnostic and therapeutic procedures...
May 2014: Paediatric Anaesthesia
E Olea, A Fondarella, C Sánchez, I Iriarte, M V Almeida, A Martínez de Salinas
OBJECTIVE: Evaluation of pain and degree of satisfaction in patients undergoing ultrasound-assisted peripheral regional block for the treatment of idiopathic palmar hyperhidrosis with botulinum toxin. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A descriptive, observational study of patients with palmar hyperhidrosis treated with botulinum toxin A, who underwent ultrasound-guided peripheral regional block of the median and ulnar nerves with 3 ml of mepivacaine 1% in each one. The radial nerve block was injected in the anatomical snuffbox...
December 2013: Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación
S Tschirdewahn, H Rübben, M Schenck
OBJECTIVE: Analogosedation and local anesthesia, including regional nerve blocks are used for endoscopic diagnostic or radiological and ultrasound-guided procedures in which the patient should not move or has to be free of pain. We retrospectively analyzed patient satisfaction, complications and the risk of urological interventions with analgosedation and/or local anesthesia between 2008 and 2012. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In total 21,690 urological patients underwent surgical treatment at the Department of Urology of the University Hospital of Essen between 2008 and 2012 and 3,327 of these cases were performed by urologists with the patient under analogosedation (n=1484) and local anesthesia (n=1843)...
September 2013: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
C Bowens, K H Dobie, C J Devin, J M Corey
We report on a case in which computed tomography was used to guide placement of an epidural catheter in a patient with severe scoliosis and congenital dwarfism. In addition, the computed tomograms were corroborated with ultrasound and fluoroscopic images in the patient. Three years later, the patient had a spinal anaesthetic performed with only the use of ultrasound-guidance. Ease of placement of the epidural and spinal was greatly enhanced by imaging. We present an algorithmic approach to neuraxial anaesthesia in the patient with scoliosis to help guide placement...
November 2013: British Journal of Anaesthesia
Ahtsham U Niazi, Gordon Tait, Jose C A Carvalho, Vincent W Chan
PURPOSE: The use of ultrasound for neuraxial blockade is a new application of technology that is rapidly becoming accepted as a standard of care. This new skill has shown to improve success, but it is a challenge to teach. To assist with teaching the use of ultrasound in regional anesthesia of the lumbar spine, we have developed an interactive educational model ( or ). In this study, we aimed to determine whether use of this model for a two-week period would improve the performance of novice operators in determining defined landmarks during real-time ultrasound imaging of the lumbar spine...
May 2013: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
Jessica T Wegener, C Thea van Doorn, Jan H Eshuis, Markus W Hollmann, Benedikt Preckel, Markus F Stevens
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Use of ultrasound-guided regional anesthesia (UGRA) requires considerable training. An embedded electronic tutorial as an element of an ultrasound machine may help to identify sonoanatomy for novices. Therefore, we investigated whether an electronic tutorial could improve accuracy or speed of performance in identifying anatomical structures. METHODS: Thirty-five novices in UGRA participated in a workshop on brachial plexus sonoanatomy...
January 2013: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
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