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Vibe Ballegaard, Ulrik Ralfkiaer, Karin K Pedersen, Malene Hove, Simon Koplev, Peter Brændstrup, Lars P Ryder, Hans O Madsen, Jan Gerstoft, Kirsten Grønbæk, Susanne D Nielsen
OBJECTIVE: Inflammation may contribute to increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in HIV-1 infection. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are involved in the regulation of inflammation. In treated HIV-1-infected individuals, we aimed to identify differentially expressed miRNAs with known roles in inflammation and CVD risk, and to investigate associations between these and systemic inflammation. METHODS: In a screening cohort including 14 HIV-1-infected individuals and nine uninfected controls microarray profiling was performed using peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC)...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
Hong Zhang, Peng He, Rongzhong Huang, Lin Sun, Siwen Liu, Jingjing Zhou, Yujie Guo, Deyu Yang, Peng Xie
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are recognized as important regulators of gene expression via translational depression or mRNA degradation. Previously, dysregulated miRNAs have been found in neurodegenerative and neuropsychiatric disorders. Borna disease virus (BDV) is a neurotropic, negative single‑stranded RNA virus, which may be a cause of human neuropsychiatric disease. BDV is regarded as an ideal model to analyze the molecular mechanisms of mental disorders caused by viral infection. In the present study, 10 miRNAs were dysregulated in human oligodendrocytes (OL cells) infected with the BDV strain, Hu‑H1 (OL/BDV)...
October 13, 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
Maryam Kaviani, Negar Azarpira, Mohammad Hossein Karimi, Ismail Al-Abdullah
Cell-based therapies suggest novel treatments to overcome the complication of the current therapeutic approaches in diabetes mellitus type 1. Replacement of the destroyed pancreatic islet β-cells by appropriate alternative cells needs an efficient approach to differentiate the cells into viable and functional insulin producing cells. Small non-coding RNA molecules, MicroRNAs (miRNA), have critical roles in post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression. Therefore, they can direct the cells toward β-cell like cells and control islet β-cell development...
October 15, 2016: Cell Biology International
Amani M Harrandah, Sarah G Fitzpatrick, Molly H Smith, Dunrui Wang, Donald M Cohen, Edward K L Chan
OBJECTIVE: Malignant transformation of oral premalignant lesions is the key process in the progression to oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). Previously, we identified miR-7 and miR-21 as candidate oncogenes and miR-375 and miR-494 as candidate tumor suppressors in OSCC. We aim to evaluate these microRNAs as biomarkers of malignant transformation in oral premalignant lesions. STUDY DESIGN: Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded samples from progressive premalignant lesions and paired sequential OSCC tumors at the same site were obtained from same patients (n = 31)...
August 6, 2016: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
Li Wan, Lin Zhang, Kai Fan, Zai-Xing Cheng, Quan-Chao Sun, Jian-Jun Wang
As a special form of noncoding RNAs, circular RNAs (circRNAs) played important roles in regulating cancer progression mainly by functioning as miRNA sponge. While the function of circular RNA-ITCH (cir-ITCH) in lung cancer is still less reported, in this study, we firstly detected the expression of cir-ITCH in tumor tissues and paired adjacent noncancer tissues of 78 patients with lung cancer using a TaqMan-based quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR). The results showed that the expression of cir-ITCH was significantly decreased in lung cancer tissues...
2016: BioMed Research International
Kaiyao Hua, Jiali Jin, Huiwen Zhang, Bingkun Zhao, Chenyang Wu, Hui Xu, Lin Fang
The purpose of this study was to examine the expression levels of microRNA-7 (miR-7) in human thyroid papillary cancer and its potential role in disease pathogenesis. The expression levels of different miRNAs were detected by miRNA-microarray analysis in ten thyroid papillary cancer specimens and adjacent normal thyroid cancer tissues. Quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was conducted to determine the expression level of miR-7 in both thyroid papillary cancer tissues and cell lines...
August 18, 2016: International Journal of Oncology
Liangliang Xu, Ming Zhang, Xiaobo Zheng, Pengsheng Yi, Chuan Lan, Mingqing Xu
PURPOSE: Circular RNAs (circRNA) represent a novel class of widespread and diverse endogenous RNAs that regulate gene expression in mammals. microRNA-7 (miR-7) is a well-demonstrated suppressor of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Recent studies have showed that one such circRNA, ciRS-7 (also termed as Cdr1as) was the inhibitor and sponge of miR-7 in the embryonic zebrafish midbrain and islet cells. However, the relationships among ciRS-7, miR-7 and clinical features of HCC remain to be clarified...
September 10, 2016: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
Wei Liu, Yukun Zhang, Ping Xia, Shuai Li, Xintong Feng, Yong Gao, Kun Wang, Yu Song, Zhenfeng Duan, Shuhua Yang, Zengwu Shao, Cao Yang
The precise role of interleukin-1 beta (IL-1β)-induced extracellular matrix degeneration in the pathogenesis of intervertebral disc degeneration (IDD) is currently unknown. Recent evidence has revealed that microRNAs (miRNAs) are associated with IDD, but their function in the extracellular matrix degradation of nucleus pulposus (NP) tissues is also poorly understood. The aim of this study was to evaluate the expression and functional role of miR-7 in IL-1β-induced disc degeneration. The expression level of miR-7 was investigated in degenerative NP tissues and in IL-1β-induced NP cells using quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction amplification analysis...
August 29, 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Chang Gong, Weige Tan, Kai Chen, Na You, Shan Zhu, Gehao Liang, Xinhua Xie, Qian Li, Yunjie Zeng, Nengtai Ouyang, Zhihua Li, Musheng Zeng, ShiMei Zhuang, Wan-Yee Lau, Qiang Liu, Dong Yin, Xueqin Wang, Fengxi Su, Erwei Song
PURPOSE: Breast cancer patients with high proportion of cancer stem cells (BCSCs) have unfavorable clinical outcomes. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) regulate key features of BCSCs. We hypothesized that a biology-driven model based on BCSC-associated miRNAs could predict prognosis for the most common subtype, hormone receptor (HR)-positive, HER2-negative breast cancer patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: After screening candidate miRNAs based on literature review and a pilot study, we built a miRNA-based classifier using LASSO Cox regression method in the training group (n=202) and validated its prognostic accuracy in an internal (n=101) and two external validation groups (n=308)...
September 2016: EBioMedicine
Ping-Heng Lan, Zhi-Heng Liu, Yan-Jun Pei, Zhi-Gang Wu, Yang Yu, Yong-Feng Yang, Xu Liu, Lu Che, Chi-Jiao Ma, Yan-Ke Xie, Qing-Jie Hu, Zhong-Yuan Wan, Hai-Qiang Wang
Accumulating evidence indicates noncoding RNAs (ncRNAs) fine-tune gene expression with mysterious machinery. We conducted a combination of mRNA, miRNA, circRNA, LncRNA microarray analyses on 10 adults' lumbar discs. Moreover, we performed additional global exploration on RNA interacting machinery in terms of in silico computational pipeline. Here we show the landscape of RNAs in human lumbar discs. In general, the RNA-abundant landscape comprises 14,635 mRNAs (37.93%), 2,059 miRNAs (5.34%), 18,995 LncRNAs (49...
August 17, 2016: Oncotarget
John Zeng-Hong Li, Wei Gao, Wen-Bin Lei, Jing Zhao, Jimmy Yu-Wai Chan, William Ignace Wei, Wei-Kuen Ho, Thian-Sze Wong
MicroRNA controls cancer invasion by governing the expression of gene regulating migration and invasion. Here, we reported a novel regulatory pathway controlled by miR-744-3p, which enhanced expression of matrix metallopeptidase 9 (MMP-9) in laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC). We profiled the differential micoRNA expression pattern in LSCC cell lines and normal epithelial cultures derived from the head and neck mucosa using microRNA microarray. MiR-7-1-3p, miR-196a/b and miR-744-3p were expressed differentially in the LSCC cell lines...
August 13, 2016: Oncotarget
Takuma Higuchi, Hiroshi Todaka, Yasunori Sugiyama, Masafumi Ono, Nobuyuki Tamaki, Etsuro Hatano, Yuka Takezaki, Kazuhiro Hanazaki, Takeshi Miwa, Sylvia Lai, Keiko Morisawa, Masayuki Tsuda, Taketoshi Taniguchi, Shuji Sakamoto
MicroRNA-7 (miR-7)has been characterized as an anti-oncogenic microRNA (miRNA) in several cancers, including hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, the mechanism for the regulation of miR-7 production in tumors remains unclear. Here, we identified nuclear factor 90 (NF90) and NF45 complex (NF90-NF45) as negative regulators of miR-7 processing in HCC. Expression of NF90 and NF45 was significantly elevated in primary HCC tissues compared with adjacent non-tumor tissues. To examine which miRNAs are controlled by NF90-NF45, we performed an miRNA microarray and quantitative RT-PCR analyses of HCC cell lines...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Lian-Ju Li, Qing Huang, Hai-Feng Pan, Dong-Qing Ye
Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are a large class of noncoding RNAs that form covalently closed RNA circles. The discovery of circRNAs discloses a new layer of gene regulation occurred post-transcriptionally. Identification of endogenous circRNAs benefits from the advance in high-throughput RNA sequencing and remains challenging. Many studies probing into the mechanisms of circRNAs formation occurred cotranscriptionally or posttranscriptionally emerge and conclude that canonical splicing mechanism, sequence properties, and certain regulatory factors are at play in the process...
August 15, 2016: Experimental Cell Research
Xiaoyan Sun, Jun Li, Yanhong Sun, Yi Zhang, Liyun Dong, Chen Shen, Liu Yang, Ming Yang, Yan Li, Guanxin Shen, Yating Tu, Juan Tao
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are attractive therapeutic targets for various therapy-resistant tumors. However, the association between miRNA and BRAF inhibitor resistance in melanoma remains to be elucidated. We used microarray analysis to comprehensively study the miRNA expression profiling of vemurafenib resistant (VemR) A375 melanoma cells in relation to parental A375 melanoma cells. MicroRNA-7 (miR-7) was identified to be the most significantly down-regulated miRNA in VemR A375 melanoma cells. We also found that miR-7 was down-regulated in Mel-CVR cells (vemurafenib resistant Mel-CV melanoma cells)...
July 18, 2016: Oncotarget
Yi-Ze Li, Lei Wen, Xu Wei, Qian-Rong Wang, Long-Wen Xu, Hong-Mei Zhang, Wen-Chao Liu
Recent lentiviral-based microRNA (miRNA) library screening has identified miRNA-7 (miR-7) as an anti‑angiogenic miRNA in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). However, the underlying mechanism of miR-7 in the suppression of angiogenesis remains largely unknown. In the present study, we report that miR-7 inhibition promoted angiogenesis by upregulating vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and directly targeting Krüppel-like factor 4 (KLF4). Downregulation of miR-7 promoted tube formation of HUVECs, accompanied by upregulation of mRNA and protein levels of both VEGF and KLF4...
September 2016: Oncology Reports
Kai Yue, Xudong Wang, Yansheng Wu, Xuan Zhou, Qinghua He, Yuansheng Duan
The expression and function of microRNA-7 (miR-7) has been studied in a variety of different cancer types. However, to date, no studies have investigated the expression of miR‑7 in human thyroid cancer. In the present study, the expression levels and biological function of miR‑7 were investigated in human thyroid cancer, with the aim of evaluating whether it may serve as a therapeutic biomarker. The expression levels of miR‑7 in human thyroid cancer tissues, matched, adjacent normal tissues, normal thyroid tissues and human thyroid cancer cell lines were determined using RT‑qPCR and western blot analysis...
September 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
Gumpei Yoshimatsu, Morihito Takita, Mazhar A Kanak, Waqas Z Haque, Charles Chang, Prathab Balaji Saravanan, Michael C Lawrence, Marlon F Levy, Bashoo Naziruddin
BACKGROUND: Total pancreatectomy with islet autotransplantation (TPIAT) is a promising treatment for refractory chronic pancreatitis. Predictable biomarkers for the endocrine function after transplantation would be helpful in selecting patients for TPIAT. This study aims to identify novel biomarkers for predicting the outcome of islet isolation and transplantation in TPIAT patients. METHODS: This paper studied microRNA of 31 TPIAT patients and 11 deceased donors from plasma samples before TPIAT...
September 2016: Journal of Hepato-biliary-pancreatic Sciences
H-Q Zhou, Q-C Chen, Z-T Qiu, W-L Tan, C-Q Mo, S-W Gao
OBJECTIVE: Pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors are relatively rare pancreatic neoplasms over the world. Investigations of the molecular biology of PNETs are insufficient for nowadays. We aimed to explore the expression of microRNA and messenger RNA and regulatory processes underlying pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The messenger RNA and microRNA expression profile of GSE43796 were downloaded, including 6 samples with pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors and 5 healthy samples...
July 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Man Song, Yu Wang, Zeng-Fu Shang, Xiao-Dan Liu, Da-Fei Xie, Qi Wang, Hua Guan, Ping-Kun Zhou
Radiation-induced bystander effect (RIBE) describes a set of biological effects in non-targeted cells that receive bystander signals from the irradiated cells. RIBE brings potential hazards to adjacent normal tissues in radiotherapy, and imparts a higher risk than previously thought. Excessive release of some substances from irradiated cells into extracellular microenvironment has a deleterious effect. For example, cytokines and reactive oxygen species have been confirmed to be involved in RIBE process via extracellular medium or gap junctions...
2016: Scientific Reports
Lei Yu, Xuejun Gong, Lei Sun, Qiying Zhou, Baoling Lu, Liying Zhu
CircRNAs are a class of endogenous RNA that regulates gene expression at the post-transcriptional or transcriptionallevel through interacting with other molecules or microRNAs. Increasing studies have demonstrated that circRNAs play a crucial role in biology processes. CircRNAs are proved as potentialbiomarkers in many diseases including cancers. However, the role of Cdr1as in Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains to be elucidated. We demonstrated that Cdr1as expression was upregulated in HCC tissues compared with the adjacent non-tumor tissues...
2016: PloS One
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