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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137351/microrna-200-associated-with-metastatic-breast-cancer-promotes-traits-of-mammary-luminal-progenitor-cells
#1
Lourdes Sánchez-Cid, Mònica Pons, Juan José Lozano, Nuria Rubio, Marta Guerra-Rebollo, Aroa Soriano, Laia Paris-Coderch, Miquel F Segura, Raquel Fueyo, Judit Arguimbau, Erika Zodda, Raquel Bermudo, Immaculada Alonso, Xavier Caparrós, Marta Cascante, Arash Rafii, Yibin Kang, Marian Martínez-Balbás, Stephen J Weiss, Jerónimo Blanco, Montserrat Muñoz, Pedro L Fernández, Timothy M Thomson
MicroRNAs are critical regulators of gene networks in normal and abnormal biological processes. Focusing on invasive ductal breast cancer (IDC), we have found dysregulated expression in tumor samples of several microRNAs, including the miR-200 family, along progression from primary tumors to distant metastases, further reflected in higher blood levels of miR-200b and miR-7 in IDC patients with regional or distant metastases relative to patients with primary node-negative tumors. Forced expression of miR-200s in MCF10CA1h mammary cells induced an enhanced epithelial program, aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) activity, mammosphere growth and ability to form branched tubuloalveolar structures while promoting orthotopic tumor growth and lung colonization in vivo...
October 13, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135097/analysis-of-expression-profile-of-mirna-in-stomach-adenocarcinoma
#2
Qianzhu Huo
PURPOSE: Stomach adenocarcinoma (STAD) has become the second main cause of cancer death around the world, and accumulated evidence has suggested that micro-RNAs (miRNAs) are likely to be served as indicator for diagnosis and prognosis in a variety of tumors. The purpose of this study was to discover the miRNAs acting as independent prognostic factors of STAD and to provide reference for the STAD diagnosis and prognosis. METHODS: In this study, we analyzed the clinical data collected from 393 STAD cases of the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA;USA) and the expression data of 1881 miRNAs to screen miRNAs that were associated with STAD via Cox regression univariate analysis and those miRNAs with independent effect on the prognosis of STAD via Cox regression multivariate analysis...
September 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133945/microrna-7-5p-mediates-the-signaling-of-hepatocyte-growth-factor-to-suppress-oncogenes-in-the-mcf-10a-mammary-epithelial-cell
#3
Dawoon Jeong, Juyeon Ham, Sungbin Park, Seungyeon Lee, Hyunkyung Lee, Han-Sung Kang, Sun Jung Kim
MicroRNA-7 (miR-7) is a non-coding RNA of 23-nucleotides that has been shown to act as a tumor suppressor in various cancers including breast cancer. Although there have been copious studies on the action mechanisms of miR-7, little is known about how the miR is controlled in the mammary cell. In this study, we performed a genome-wide expression analysis in miR-7-transfected MCF-10A breast cell line to explore the upstream regulators of miR-7. Analysis of the dysregulated target gene pool predicted hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) as the most plausible upstream regulator of miR-7...
November 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130486/rtp801-is-a-critical-factor-in-the-neurodegeneration-process-of-a53t-alpha-synuclein-in-a-mouse-model-of-parkinson-s-disease-under-chronic-restraint-stress
#4
Zhao Zhang, Shi-Feng Chu, Sha-Sha Wang, Yi-Na Jiang, Yan Gao, Peng-Fei Yang, Qi-Di Ai, Nai-Hong Chen
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The incidence of Parkinson's disease exhibited a younger tendency in recent years with the constantly increased stressors of modern society, but this relationship remains obscured. We performed this study to investigate whether stress contributes to this tendency and identify the executor during this process. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: Ten-month-old α-synuclein A53T mice, a PD mice model, were treated with chronic restraint stress (CRS) to simulate a PD-sensitive person with constant stress stimulation...
November 11, 2017: British Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104495/exosomal-mir-7-mediates-bystander-autophagy-in-lung-after-focal-brain-irradiation-in-mice
#5
Shang Cai, Geng-Sheng Shi, Hui-Ying Cheng, Ya-Nan Zeng, Gen Li, Meng Zhang, Man Song, Ping-Kun Zhou, Ye Tian, Feng-Mei Cui, Qiu Chen
This study investigated whether exosomal microRNA-7 (miR-7) mediates lung bystander autophagy after focal brain irradiation in mice. After 10 Gy or sham irradiation of mice brains, lung tissues were extracted for the detection of autophagy markers by immunohistochemistry, western blotting, and quantitative real-time reverse transcription PCR (qRT-PCR), meanwhile the brains were dissociated, the neuron/astrocyte/microglia/oligodendrocyte were isolated, and the miR-7 expression in each population were detected, respectively...
2017: International Journal of Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069223/microrna-profiling-identifies-mir-7-5p-and-mir-26b-5p-as-differentially-expressed-in-hypertensive-patients-with-left-ventricular-hypertrophy
#6
C M Kaneto, J S Nascimento, M C R Moreira, N D Ludovico, A P Santana, R A A Silva, I Silva-Jardim, J L Santos, S M B Sousa, P S P Lima
Recent evidence suggests that cell-derived circulating miRNAs may serve as biomarkers of cardiovascular diseases. However, a few studies have investigated the potential of circulating miRNAs as biomarkers for left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH). In this study, we aimed to characterize the miRNA profiles that could distinguish hypertensive patients with LHV, hypertensive patients without LVH and control subjects, and identify potential miRNAs as biomarkers of LVH. LVH was defined by left ventricular mass indexed to body surface area >125 g/m2 in men and >110 g/m2 in women and patients were classified as hypertensive when presenting a systolic blood pressure of 140 mmHg or more, or a diastolic blood pressure of 90 mmHg or more...
October 19, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054825/integrative-mrna-mirna-interaction-analysis-associate-with-immune-response-of-sea-cucumber-apostichopus-japonicus-based-on-transcriptome-database
#7
Xiaoxu Zhou, Yaqing Chang, Yaoyao Zhan, Xiuli Wang, Kai Lin
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) constitute a family of endogenous non-coding small RNAs that have been demonstrated to be the key effectors in mediating host-pathogen interactions. Additionally, high-throughput sequencing provides unexampled opportunities to identify the pathogenic mechanism underlying miRNAs. In the present study, the target genes of immune-related miRNAs (miR-31, miR-2008, miR-92a, miR-210 and miR-7) and specific miRNAs (miR-2004) in Echinodermata were predicted in silico and validated. Gene ontology (GO) analysis of the target genes of these six miRNAs were conducted to further understand the regulatory function in the host immunity of Apostichopus japonicus (A...
October 18, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039473/altered-expression-profiles-of-circular-rna-in-colorectal-cancer-tissues-from-patients-with-lung-metastasis
#8
Yujian Zeng, Yu Xu, Ruo Shu, Liang Sun, Yan Tian, Chengmin Shi, Zhibin Zheng, Kunhua Wang, Huayou Luo
The lung is the most common extra-abdominal site of metastasis in colorectal cancer (CRC), in which circular RNA (circRNA) may have a crucial role. Therefore, the present study detected circRNA expression to identify novel targets to further study lung metastasis in CRC. In the present study, total RNA was extracted from CRC tissues of patients with and without lung metastasis to perform high-throughput microarray assay in order to detect differentially expressed circRNA. Following this, gene ontology (GO) and pathway analyses of the genes producing differentially expressed circRNA were performed to predict the function of circRNA using standard enrichment computational methods...
October 16, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016934/microrna-7-upregulates-death-receptor-5-and-primes-resistant-brain-tumors-to-caspase-mediated-apoptosis
#9
Deepak Bhere, Kaoru Tamura, Hiroaki Wakimoto, Sung Hugh Choi, Benjamin Purow, Jeremy Debatisse, Khalid Shah
Background: MicroRNAs (miRs) are known to play a pivotal role in tumorigenesis, controlling cell proliferation and apoptosis. In this study, we investigated the potential of miR-7 to prime resistant tumor cells to apoptosis in glioblastoma (GBM). Methods: We created constitutive and regulatable miR-7 expression vectors and utilized pharmacological inhibition of caspases and genetic loss of function to study the effect of forced expression of miR-7 on death receptor (DR) pathways in a cohort of GBM with established resistance to tumor necrosis factor apoptosis inducing ligand (TRAIL) and in patient-derived primary GBM stem cell (GSC) lines...
July 25, 2017: Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986288/manganese-exposure-linking-down-regulation-of-mirna-7-and-mirna-433-with-%C3%AE-synuclein-overexpression-and-risk-of-idiopathic-parkinson-s-disease
#10
Prashant Tarale, Atul P Daiwile, Saravanadevi Sivanesan, Reinhard Stöger, Amit Bafana, Pravin K Naoghare, Devendra Parmar, Tapan Chakrabarti, Kannan Krishnamurthi
Manganese is an essential trace element however elevated environmental and occupational exposure to this element has been correlated with neurotoxicity symptoms clinically identical to idiopathic Parkinson's disease. In the present study we chronically exposed human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells to manganese (100μM) and carried out expression profiling of miRNAs known to modulate neuronal differentiation and neurodegeneration. The miRNA PCR array results reveal alterations in expression levels of miRNAs, which have previously been associated with the regulation of synaptic transmission and apoptosis...
October 3, 2017: Toxicology in Vitro: An International Journal Published in Association with BIBRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986256/microrna-7-inhibits-cell-proliferation-of-chronic-myeloid-leukemia-and-sensitizes-it-to-imatinib-in%C3%A2-vitro
#11
Ming-Jie Jiang, Juan-Juan Dai, Dian-Na Gu, Qian Huang, Ling Tian
MicroRNA is a large class of non-coding small RNA that exerts critical roles in many physiological processes including cell proliferation. MicroRNA-7 (miR-7) has been considered as a tumor suppressor in most malignant tumors versus a tumor promoter in some other ones. However, its role in chronic myeloid leukemia remains unknown. Herein, we found that K562 cell proliferation was largely suppressed when it was stably transfected with miR-7. In accordance with that, apoptosis was also significantly upregulated in miR-7 stably-transfected K562 cells...
December 9, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986122/mitochondrial-ros-mediated-post-transcriptional-regulation-of-%C3%AE-synuclein-through-mir-7-and-mir-153
#12
Goun Je, Yoon-Seong Kim
Dysregulation of human alpha-synuclein (α-SYN) is one of the major contributors in the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease. 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium (MPP(+)) is well known neurotoxin which increases α-SYN expression and causes dopaminergic neuronal death. Increasing evidence suggests microRNAs (miRNAs), especially miRNA-7 and miR-153, have important role in the regulation of α-SYN translation and they can prevent MPP(+)-mediated neuronal death. Here, we examined whether MPP(+)-mediated upregulation of α-SYN expression is directly related to miRNA-7 and miR-153...
November 20, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945992/circulating-levels-of-mir-7-mir-152-and-mir-192-respond-to-vitamin-d-supplementation-in-adults-with-prediabetes-and-correlate-with-improvements-in-glycemic-control
#13
Yury O Nunez Lopez, Anastassios G Pittas, Richard E Pratley, Attila A Seyhan
Vitamin D may play an important role in modifying the risk of type 2 diabetes. Supplementation with cholecalciferol has been shown to improve β cell function and to attenuate the rise in glycated hemoglobin in people at high risk of diabetes. We examined whether circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) reflect disease progression and/or respond to vitamin D supplementation. We measured plasma levels of select miRNAs implicated in diabetes in people with prediabetes treated either with placebo (n=21) or 2000 U of cholecalciferol daily (n=21) for 4 months in the Calcium and Vitamin D for Diabetes Mellitus trial and compared the baseline-adjusted changes after correcting for age, body mass index, race, time of study entry (season) and baseline disposition index...
November 2017: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929494/crhr2-ucn2-signaling-is-a-novel-regulator-of-mir-7-yy1-fas-circuitry-contributing-to-reversal-of-colorectal-cancer-cell-resistance-to-fas-mediated-apoptosis
#14
Charalabos Pothoulakis, Monica Torre-Rojas, Marco A Duran-Padilla, Jonathan Gevorkian, Odysseas Zoras, Emmanuel Chrysos, George Chalkiadakis, Stavroula Baritaki
Colorectal cancer (CRC) responds poorly to immuno-mediated cytotoxicity. Underexpression of corticotropin-releasing-hormone-receptor-2 (CRHR2) in CRC, promotes tumor survival, growth and Epithelial to Mesenchymal Transition (EMT), in vitro and in vivo. We explored the role of CRHR2 downregulation in CRC cell resistance to Fas/FasL-mediated apoptosis and the underlying molecular mechanism. CRC cell sensitivity to CH11-induced apoptosis was compared between Urocortin-2 (Ucn2)-stimulated parental and CRHR2-overexpressing CRC cell lines and targets of CRHR2/Ucn2 signaling were identified through in vitro and ex vivo analyses...
September 20, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927576/loss-of-microrna-7-regulation-leads-to-%C3%AE-synuclein-accumulation-and-dopaminergic-neuronal-loss-in%C3%A2-vivo
#15
Kirsty J McMillan, Tracey K Murray, Nora Bengoa-Vergniory, Oscar Cordero-Llana, Jane Cooper, Amy Buckley, Richard Wade-Martins, James B Uney, Michael J O'Neill, Liang F Wong, Maeve A Caldwell
Abnormal alpha-synuclein (α-synuclein) expression and aggregation is a key characteristic of Parkinson's disease (PD). However, the exact mechanism(s) linking α-synuclein to the other central feature of PD, dopaminergic neuron loss, remains unclear. Therefore, improved cell and in vivo models are needed to investigate the role of α-synuclein in dopaminergic neuron loss. MicroRNA-7 (miR-7) regulates α-synuclein expression by binding to the 3' UTR of the Synuclein Alpha Non A4 Component of Amyloid Precursor (SNCA) gene and inhibiting its translation...
October 4, 2017: Molecular Therapy: the Journal of the American Society of Gene Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927113/inhibition-of-autophagy-potentiates-the-proliferation-inhibition-activity-of-microrna-7-in-human-hepatocellular-carcinoma-cells
#16
Yanna Wang, Qiaoling Wang, Jiqing Song
MicroRNAs (miRNAs/miRs) are important molecules that are able to regulate multiple cellular processes in cancer cells. miR-7 has been previously identified as a tumor suppressive miRNA in several types of cancer. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether miR-7 is able to regulate autophagy in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells. It was identified that miR-7 was significantly downregulated in tumor tissues compared with adjacent normal tissues. Overexpression of miR-7 inhibited cell proliferative activity, which was partially reversed by miR-7 inhibitor...
September 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901375/microrna-7-5p-regulates-the-proliferation-and-migration-of-intestinal-epithelial-cells-by-targeting-trefoil-factor-3-via-inhibiting-the-phosphoinositide-3-kinase-akt-signalling-pathway
#17
Jing Guo, Lingfen Xu, Xu Teng, Mei Sun
Trefoil factor 3 (TFF3) reconstructs the epithelial barrier by stimulating epithelial cell migration and proliferation, and significantly contributes to intestinal mucosal damage and healing. In a previous study, TFF3 was identified as a novel target of microRNA-7-5p (miR-7-5p). The aim of the present study was to investigate the roles and mechanisms of miR-7-5p in the proliferation and migration of intestinal epithelial cells. Reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) was performed to determine the expression level of miR-7-5p in the experimental groups...
November 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892615/quantitative-proteomics-reveals-the-regulatory-networks-of-circular-rna-cdr1as-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma-cells
#18
Xue Yang, Qian Xiong, Ying Wu, Siting Li, Feng Ge
Circular RNAs (circRNAs), a class of widespread endogenous RNAs, play crucial roles in diverse biological processes and are potential biomarkers in diverse human diseases and cancers. Cerebellar-degeneration-related protein 1 antisense RNA (CDR1as), an oncogenic circRNA, is involved in human tumorigenesis and is dysregulated in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, the molecular mechanisms underlying CDR1as functions in HCC remain unclear. Here we explored the functions of CDR1as and searched for CDR1as-regulated proteins in HCC cells...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Proteome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833396/a-mir-7-gas6-tyro3-axis-regulates-the-growth-and-invasiveness-of-sorafenib-resistant-cells-in-human-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#19
T D Kabir, C Ganda, R M Brown, D J Beveridge, K L Richardson, V Chaturvedi, P Candy, M Epis, L Wintle, F Kalinowski, C Kopp, L M Stuart, G C Yeoh, J George, P J Leedman
Sorafenib remains the only approved drug for treating patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, the therapeutic effect of sorafenib is transient and patients invariably develop sorafenib resistance (SR). Recently, TYRO3, a member of the TAM family of receptor tyrosine kinases, was identified as being aberrantly expressed in a significant proportion of HCC, however its role in SR is unknown. In this study, we generated two functionally distinct sorafenib resistant human Huh-7 HCC cell lines, in order to identify new mechanisms to abrogate acquired SR, as well as new potential therapeutic targets in HCC...
August 18, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803498/screening-circular-rna-related-to-chemotherapeutic-resistance-in-breast-cancer
#20
Danfeng Gao, Xiufen Zhang, Beibei Liu, Dong Meng, Kai Fang, Zijian Guo, Lihua Li
AIM: We aimed to identify circular RNAs (circRNAs) associated with breast cancer chemoresistance. MATERIALS & METHODS: CircRNA microarray expression profiles were obtained from Adriamycin (ADM) resistant MCF-7 breast cancer cells (MCF-7/ADM) and parental MCF-7 cells and were validated using quantitative real-time reverse transcription PCR. The expression data were analyzed bioinformatically. RESULTS: We detected 3093 circRNAs and identified 18 circRNAs that are differentially expressed between MCF-7/ADM and MCF-7 cells; after validating by quantitative real-time reverse transcription PCR, we predicted the possible miRNAs and potential target genes of the seven upregulated circRNAs using TargetScan and miRanda...
August 14, 2017: Epigenomics
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