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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900778/successful-treatment-of-generalized-demodicosis-in-red-handed-tamarins-saguinus-midas-using-a-single-administration-of-oral-fluralaner
#1
Sarah M Churgin, Foo Khong Lee, Kristin Groenvold, Ramesh C Kovi, Kam Yan Cheung, Paolo R Martelli, Cert Zoo
  Two adult sibling red-handed tamarins ( Saguinus midas) presented with weight loss and multifocal skin masses. A skin biopsy revealed pyogranulomatous dermatitis with intrafollicular Demodex sp. mites. Subsequent skin scrapes confirmed the presence of live mites within lesions. Initial treatment with topical and oral ivermectin was unsuccessful, and lesions continued to progress. A single dose of fluralaner (Bravecto®, Merck Animal Health, Kenilworth, New Jersey, 07033, USA; 28.125 mg po) was administered to each animal approximately 5 mo after initial presentation...
June 2018: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784440/corrigendum-to-bifidobacterium-aerophilum-sp-nov-bifidobacterium-avesanii-sp-nov-and-bifidobacterium-ramosum-sp-nov-three-novel-taxa-from-the-faeces-of-cotton-top-tamarin-saguinus-oedipus-l-syst-appl-microbiol-39-2016-229-236
#2
Samanta Michelini, Monica Modesto, Gianfranco Filippini, Caterina Spiezio, Camillo Sandri, Bruno Biavati, Annamaria Pisi, Paola Mattarelli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 18, 2018: Systematic and Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750143/feasibility-utility-and-symptom-impact-of-modified-mindfulness-training-in-sarcoidosis
#3
Lesley Ann Saketkoo, Aryn Karpinski, Jessica Young, Ryan Adell, McCall Walker, Tamarin Hennebury, Melissa Wickremasinghe, Anne-Marie Russell
A modified mindfulness-based exercise intervention has beneficial impact on people living with sarcoidosis http://ow.ly/XYTO30jtmms.
April 2018: ERJ Open Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650540/next-generation-sequencing-of-the-complete-mitochondrial-genome-of-the-endangered-species-black-lion-tamarin-leontopithecus-chrysopygus-primates-and-mitogenomic-phylogeny-focusing-on-the-callitrichidae-family
#4
Patrícia Domingues de Freitas, Fernando Luis Mendez, Karla Chávez-Congrains, Pedro Manoel Galetti, Luiz Lehmann Coutinho, Alcides Pissinatti, Carlos Daniel Bustamante
We describe the complete mitochondrial genome sequence of the Black Lion Tamarin, an endangered primate species endemic to the Atlantic Rainforest of Brazil. We assembled the Leontopithecus chrysopygus mitogenome, through analysis of 523M base pairs (bp) of short reads produced by next-generation sequencing (NGS) on the Illumina Platform, and investigated the presence of nuclear mitochondrial pseudogenes and heteroplasmic sites. Additionally, we conducted phylogenetic analyses using all complete mitogenomes available for primates until June 2017...
May 31, 2018: G3: Genes—Genomes—Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395537/phylogenetic-classification-of-six-novel-species-belonging-to-the-genus-bifidobacterium-comprising-bifidobacterium-anseris-sp-nov-bifidobacterium-criceti-sp-nov-bifidobacterium-imperatoris-sp-nov-bifidobacterium-italicum-sp-nov-bifidobacterium-margollesii-sp
#5
Gabriele Andrea Lugli, Marta Mangifesta, Sabrina Duranti, Rosaria Anzalone, Christian Milani, Leonardo Mancabelli, Giulia Alessandri, Francesca Turroni, Maria Cristina Ossiprandi, Douwe van Sinderen, Marco Ventura
Six Bifidobacterium strains, i.e., Goo31D, Ham19E, Rab10A, Tam1G, Uis4E and Uis1B, were isolated from domestic goose (Anser domesticus), European hamster (Cricetus cricetus), European rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus), emperor tamarin (Saguinus imperator) and pygmy marmoset (Callithrix pygmaea). Cells are Gram-positive, non-motile, non-sporulating, facultative anaerobic and fructose 6-phosphate phosphoketolase-positive. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA, ITS-, multilocus- sequences and the core genome revealed that bifidobacterial strains Goo31D, Ham19E, Rab10A, Tam1G, Uis4E and Uis1B exhibit close phylogenetic relatedness with Bifidobacterium choerinum LMG 10510, Bifidobacterium hapali DSM 100202, Bifidobacterium saguini DSM 23967 and Bifidobacterium stellenboschense DSM 23968...
May 2018: Systematic and Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348339/draft-genome-sequences-of-strains-tre-1-tre-d-tre-h-and-tri-7-isolated-from-tamarins-and-belonging-to-four-putative-novel-bifidobacterium-species
#6
Edoardo Puglisi, Paola Mattarelli, Monica Modesto, Andrea Bonetti, Caterina Spiezio, Camillo Sandri, Lorenzo Morelli
Bifidobacterium sp. strains TRE 1, TRE D, TRE H, and TRI 7 were isolated from two tamarins housed in Parco Natura Viva, Garda Zoological Park S.r.l. (Bussolengo, Verona, Italy). These strains belong to four putative novel species of the genus Bifidobacterium The genome sizes were 2.7 Mb for TRE 1, 2.7 Mb for TRE D, 2.4 Mb for TRE H, and 2.7 Mb for TRI 7. The average GC contents were 63.18% for TRE 1, 58.27% for TRE D, 57.11% for TRE H, and 63.79% for TRI 7.
January 18, 2018: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171026/hepatocellular-carcinoma-in-two-captive-golden-headed-lion-tamarins-leontopithecus-chrysomelas
#7
Tatiane Furtado de Carvalho, Marianna de Paula Martins Pereira, Angela Tinoco Pessanha, Herlandes Penha Tinoco, Tatiane Alves Paixão, Renato Lima Santos
Two cases of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in 2 female captive golden-headed lion tamarins (Leontopithecus chrysomelas) are described. HCC was diagnosed in both, with pulmonary metastasis in one of them. Neoplastic cells were positive for hepatocyte-specific antigen (HSA) by immunohistochemistry, confirming the diagnosis.
April 2018: Journal of Medical Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167345/merkel-cell-polyomavirus-infection-of-animal-dermal-fibroblasts
#8
Wei Liu, Nathan A Krump, Margo MacDonald, Jianxin You
Merkel cell polyomavirus (MCPyV) is the first polyomavirus to be associated with human cancer. Mechanistic studies attempting to fully elucidate MCPyV's oncogenic mechanisms have been hampered by the lack of animal models for MCPyV infection. In this study, we examined the ability of MCPyV-GFP pseudovirus (containing a green fluorescent protein [GFP] reporter construct), MCPyV recombinant virions, and several MCPyV chimeric viruses to infect dermal fibroblasts isolated from various model animals, including mouse ( Mus musculus ), rabbit ( Oryctolagus cuniculus ), rat ( Rattus norvegicus ), chimpanzee ( Pan troglodytes ), rhesus macaque ( Macaca mulatta ), patas monkey ( Erythrocebus patas ), common woolly monkey ( Lagothrix lagotricha ), red-chested mustached tamarin ( Saguinus labiatus ), and tree shrew ( Tupaia belangeri )...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116036/bifidobacterium-callitrichidarum-sp-nov-from-the-faeces-of-the-emperor-tamarin-saguinus-imperator
#9
Monica Modesto, Samanta Michelini, Maria Cristina Sansosti, Carlotta De Filippo, Duccio Cavalieri, Linnea Qvirist, Thomas Andlid, Caterina Spiezio, Camillo Sandri, Stefano Pascarelli, Barbara Sgorbati, Paola Mattarelli
Three Gram-stain-positive, non-spore-forming, microaerophilic and fructose-6-phosphate phosphoketolase positive strains were isolated from a faecal sample of an adult subject of the emperor tamarin (Saguinus imperator). Given that the isolates revealed identical BOX PCR profiles, strain TRI 5T was selected as a representative and characterized further. Comparative analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity revealed that strain TRI 5T was closely related to Bifidobacterium saguini DSM 23967T (96.4 %) and to Bifidobacterium longum subsp...
January 2018: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114906/evaluation-of-three-chemical-immobilization-protocols-in-golden-headed-lion-tamarins-leontopithecus-chrysomelas-undergoing-vasectomy-surgery
#10
Mario A Ferraro, Camila V Molina, José L Catão-Dias, Maria C M Kierulff, Alcides Pissinatti, Marina G Bueno, Silvia R G Cortopassi
BACKGROUND: The golden-headed lion tamarin (Leontopithecus chrysomelas), originally endemic to Bahia, was introduced in Rio de Janeiro. The species is currently found in remaining forests within the region of original occupation of the golden lion tamarin (Leontopithecus rosalia), which may compromise the survival of the golden lion tamarin. Groups of golden-headed lion tamarins were captured and translocated to Bahia. However, the area chosen reached its limit and males underwent to vasectomy procedures...
April 2018: Journal of Medical Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095510/genetic-assessment-for-the-endangered-black-lion-tamarin-leontopithecus-chrysopygus-mikan-1823-callitrichidae-primates
#11
Paola A Ayala-Burbano, Lucas Caldano, Pedro Manoel Galetti Junior, Alcides Pissinatti, Mara Cristina Marques, Dominic Wormell, Patrícia Domingues de Freitas
This is the first study analyzing genetic diversity in captive individuals of the endangered black lion tamarin, Leontopithecus chrysopygus, and also comparing genetic diversity parameters between wild populations and captive groups using the same set of molecular markers. We evaluated genetic diversity and differentiation for the Brazilian and European captive groups and a wild population through 15 polymorphic microsatellite markers. The genetic diversity levels were similar among Brazilian captive, European captive and wild animals from the National Forest of Capão Bonito...
December 2017: American Journal of Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989098/phenotypic-evolution-in-marmoset-and-tamarin-monkeys-cebidae-callitrichinae-and-a-revised-genus-level-classification
#12
Guilherme S T Garbino, Antonio M G Martins-Junior
Marmosets and tamarins (Cebidae, Callitrichinae) constitute the most species-rich subfamily of New World monkeys and one of the most diverse phenotypically. Despite the profusion of molecular phylogenies of the group, the evolution of phenotypic characters under the rapidly-emerging consensual phylogeny of the subfamily has been little studied, resulting in taxonomic proposals that have limited support from other datasets. We examined the evolution of 18 phenotypic traits (5 continuous and 13 discrete), including pelage, skull, dentition, postcrania, life-history and vocalization variables in a robust molecular phylogeny of marmoset and tamarin monkeys, quantifying their phylogenetic signal and correlations among some of the traits...
January 2018: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981308/individual-differences-case-studies-of-rodent-and-primate-intelligence
#13
Louis D Matzel, Bruno Sauce
Early in the 20th century, individual differences were a central focus of psychologists. By the end of that century, studies of individual differences had become far less common, and attention to these differences played little role in the development of contemporary theory. To illustrate the important role of individual differences, here we consider variations in intelligence as a compelling example. General intelligence (g) has now been demonstrated in at least 2 distinct genera: primates (including humans, chimpanzees, bonobos, and tamarins) and rodents (mice and rats)...
October 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Animal Learning and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971470/two-cases-of-liver-lobe-torsion-in-a-white-lipped-tamarin-saguinus-labiatus-and-an-alaotran-gentle-lemur-hapalemur-alaotrensis
#14
S Silvetti, M Kubiak, W S M Justice, M F Stidworthy
This paper describes liver lobe torsion in a white-lipped tamarin (Saguinus labiatus) and an Alaotran gentle lemur (Hapalemur alaotrensis). Both animals had a history of acute collapse, and diagnosis was made post-mortem. To the authors' knowledge, these are the first reported cases of this pathology in non-human primates.
October 3, 2017: Journal of Medical Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935009/acute-occlusion-of-the-abdominal-aorta-with-sudden-paraplegia-in-a-captive-mustached-tamarin-saguinus-mystax
#15
Carmen R Michaud, Richard Herbert, William R Elkins, Alfonso S Gozalo
A wild-caught, research-naïve, adult male mustached tamarin (Saguinus mystax) experienced sudden onset of bilateral hindlimb paresis. Physical examination established the presence of paralysis and the lack of femoral pulses and deep pain in both legs. There were no signs of external trauma and, due to a poor prognosis, euthanasia was elected. Necropsy findings included pleural effusion, partial pulmonary atelectasis and congestion, dilatatory cardiomyopathy, a renal hemorrhagic infarct, and a thromboembolus located at the trifurcation of the distal abdominal aorta...
October 1, 2017: Comparative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902879/chronic-plasmodium-brasilianum-infections-in-wild-peruvian-tamarins
#16
Gideon A Erkenswick, Mrinalini Watsa, M Andreína Pacheco, Ananias A Escalante, Patricia G Parker
There is an increased interest in potential zoonotic malarias. To date, Plasmodium malariae that infects humans remains indistinguishable from Plasmodium brasilianum, which is widespread among New World primates. Distributed throughout tropical Central and South America, the Callitrichidae are small arboreal primates in which detection of natural Plasmodium infection has been extremely rare. Most prior screening efforts have been limited to small samples, the use of low-probability detection methods, or both...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902417/genetic-variants-related-to-disease-susceptibility-and-immunotolerance-in-the-duffy-antigen-receptor-for-chemokines-darc-fy-gene-in-the-black-lion-tamarin-leontopithecus-chrysopygus-primates
#17
Ashley Ansel, James D Lewis, Don J Melnick, Cristiana Martins, Claudio Valladares-Padua, Beatriz Perez-Sweeney
The DARC (Duffy antigen receptor for chemokines) gene encodes the DARC protein, which serves multiple roles in the immune system, as a binding site for the malarial parasites Plasmodium vivax and Plasmodium knowlesi, a promiscuous chemokine receptor and a blood group antigen. Variation in DARC may play particularly significant roles in innate immunity, immunotolerance and pathogen entry in callitrichines, such as the black lion tamarin (Leontopithecus chrysopygus). We compared amino acid sequences of DARC in the black lion tamarin (BLT) to non-human Haplorhine primates and Homo sapiens...
October 2017: American Journal of Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893355/bifidobacterium-vansinderenii-sp-nov-isolated-from-faeces-of-emperor-tamarin-saguinus-imperator
#18
Sabrina Duranti, Marta Mangifesta, Gabriele Andrea Lugli, Francesca Turroni, Rosaria Anzalone, Christian Milani, Leonardo Mancabelli, Maria Cristina Ossiprandi, Marco Ventura
A novel Bifidobacterium strain, Tam10B(T), i.e. LMG 30126(T), was isolated from emperor tamarin (Saguinus imperator). Cells were Gram-positive, non-motile, non-sporulating, non-haemolytic, facultative anaerobic and fructose 6-phosphate phosphoketolase-positive. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA genes as well as multilocus sequences (representing hsp60, rpoB, dnaJ, dnaG and clpC genes) and the core genome revealed that Bifidobacterium Tam10B(T) exhibited close phylogenetic relatedness to Bifidobacterium tissieri DSM 100201(T)...
October 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604604/classification-of-cowpox-viruses-into-several-distinct-clades-and-identification-of-a-novel-lineage
#19
Annika Franke, Florian Pfaff, Maria Jenckel, Bernd Hoffmann, Dirk Höper, Markus Antwerpen, Hermann Meyer, Martin Beer, Donata Hoffmann
Cowpox virus (CPXV) was considered as uniform species within the genus Orthopoxvirus (OPV). Previous phylogenetic analysis indicated that CPXV is polyphyletic and isolates may cluster into different clades with two of these clades showing genetic similarities to either variola (VARV) or vaccinia viruses (VACV). Further analyses were initiated to assess both the genetic diversity and the evolutionary background of circulating CPXVs. Here we report the full-length sequences of 20 CPXV strains isolated from different animal species and humans in Germany...
June 10, 2017: Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444886/detection-of-mycobacterium-avium-subsp-paratuberculosis-in-non-human-primates
#20
Kim Fechner, Kerstin Mätz-Rensing, Karen Lampe, Franz-Josef Kaup, Claus-Peter Czerny, Jenny Schäfer
BACKGROUND: Due to a sporadic occurrence of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP) in non-human primates (NHP), the susceptibility of different NHP to MAP should be investigated. METHODS: Fecal and tissue samples (ileum, ileocecal lymph node, bone marrow) of 20 animals (seven species) were analyzed by IS900-based PCRs and sequenced. Samples of MAP PCR positive NHP were further cultivated. RESULTS: MAP DNA was detectable in two animals; the ileum of a cottontop tamarin and the bone marrow of a common marmoset...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Medical Primatology
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