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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922715/refugee-care-left-behind
#1
Amy Sorrel
Until recently, Texas participated in the federally funded refugee resettlement program, which helps refugees relocate to the United States with services to help them find jobs, learn English, and get basic health and social services. Since Texas withdrew from the federal resettlement program in September, some physicians and resettlement organizations worry those services could be disrupted; others say the shift, while not ideal, could present opportunities to improve refugee care.
December 1, 2016: Texas Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922290/implementing-an-interprofessional-model-of-self-management-support-across-a-community-workforce-a-mixed-methods-evaluation-study
#2
Stefan Tino Kulnik, Heide Pöstges, Lucinda Brimicombe, John Hammond, Fiona Jones
The importance of implementing self-management support (SMS) is now widely accepted, but questions remain as to how. In 2015, we facilitated the implementation of an interprofessional model of SMS (Bridges Self-Management) for people with complex multiple long-term conditions through community rehabilitation and social care services in one Southeast England locality. Over 90 professionals and support workers from this workforce received interprofessional training to integrate SMS into their care and rehabilitation interactions...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922180/going-domestic-importing-the-study-abroad-experience-the-development-of-a-multicultural-new-york-city-study-away-program
#3
Susan Hayes Lane, Carolyn Huffman, Dana E Brackney, Alyssa Cuddy
PROBLEM: Significant off-campus domestic study away experiences have been shown to be a transformative active learning environment for students and achieve similar learning outcomes as study abroad programs. METHODS: This manuscript describes the conception, development, and pedagogical approach of a faculty-led domestic study away experience in New York City for pre-licensure and post-licensure nursing students as an active learning strategy for developing cultural competence...
December 6, 2016: Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922178/lessons-from-the-homeless-civil-and-uncivil-interactions-with-nurses-self-care-behaviors-and-barriers-to-care
#4
Wendy M Woith, Cindy Kerber, Kim S Astroth, Sheryl H Jenkins
BACKGROUND: Civility, rooted in social justice, is a fundamental value of nursing. Homeless people are particularly at risk for experiencing uncivil behavior from nurses. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore homeless people's perceptions of their interactions with nurses. METHOD: In this descriptive, qualitative study, we interviewed 15 homeless adults who described their experiences with nurses. The interview guide, developed by the researchers, consisted of open-ended questions and probes...
December 6, 2016: Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920957/eurasian-jays-do-not-copy-the-choices-of-conspecifics-but-they-do-show-evidence-of-stimulus-enhancement
#5
Rachael Miller, Corina J Logan, Katherine Lister, Nicola S Clayton
Corvids (birds in the crow family) are hypothesised to have a general cognitive tool-kit because they show a wide range of transferrable skills across social, physical and temporal tasks, despite differences in socioecology. However, it is unknown whether relatively asocial corvids differ from social corvids in their use of social information in the context of copying the choices of others, because only one such test has been conducted in a relatively asocial corvid. We investigated whether relatively asocial Eurasian jays (Garrulus glandarius) use social information (i...
2016: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919863/applying-multiple-data-collection-tools-to-quantify-human-papillomavirus-vaccine-communication-on-twitter
#6
Philip M Massey, Amy Leader, Elad Yom-Tov, Alexandra Budenz, Kara Fisher, Ann C Klassen
BACKGROUND: Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most common sexually transmitted infection in the United States. There are several vaccines that protect against strains of HPV most associated with cervical and other cancers. Thus, HPV vaccination has become an important component of adolescent preventive health care. As media evolves, more information about HPV vaccination is shifting to social media platforms such as Twitter. Health information consumed on social media may be especially influential for segments of society such as younger populations, as well as ethnic and racial minorities...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918871/promising-pedagogy-advancing-the-educational-experience-of-queer-students-through-transformative-leadership
#7
Thomas Zook
The school experience for queer youth is often quite different from that of their heterosexual and gender-conforming peers; yet, it is often the case that little attention is given to the disparate and inequitable educational and social conditions under which lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer/questioning (LGBTQ) youth must learn. In fact, the entirety of pedagogical structures in many schools creates milieus where queer youth, those who have loved ones who are queer, and those who are merely perceived to be queer are systematically marginalized and deprived of their right to a safe, supportive, and equitable educational experience...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918323/group-psychotherapeutic-factors-and-perceived-social-support-among-veterans-with-ptsd-symptoms
#8
Daniel W Cox, Jess J Owen, John S Ogrodniczuk
One of the most potent protective factors against psychiatric symptoms after military trauma is perceived social support. Although group psychotherapy has been linked with increasing social support, no research has evaluated which therapeutic mechanisms are associated with this increase beyond symptom reduction. We investigated which interpersonal therapeutic factors were related to changes in social support, beyond posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptom reduction. Participants were 117 veterans in a multimodal outpatient group psychotherapy treatment designed to reduce PTSD symptoms and interpersonal difficulties...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918179/mining-big-data-to-extract-patterns-and-predict-real-life-outcomes
#9
Michal Kosinski, Yilun Wang, Himabindu Lakkaraju, Jure Leskovec
This article aims to introduce the reader to essential tools that can be used to obtain insights and build predictive models using large data sets. Recent user proliferation in the digital environment has led to the emergence of large samples containing a wealth of traces of human behaviors, communication, and social interactions. Such samples offer the opportunity to greatly improve our understanding of individuals, groups, and societies, but their analysis presents unique methodological challenges. In this tutorial, we discuss potential sources of such data and explain how to efficiently store them...
December 2016: Psychological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917980/diversity-in-livestock-resources-in-pastoral-systems-in-africa
#10
B A Kaufmann, M A Lelea, C G Hulsebusch
Pastoral systems are important producers and repositories of livestock diversity. Pastoralists use variability in their livestock resources to manage high levels of environmental variability in economically advantageous ways. In pastoral systems, human-animal-environment interactions are the basis of production and the key to higher productivity and efficiency. In other words, pastoralists manage a production system that exploits variability and keeps production costs low. When differentiating, characterising and evaluating pastoral breeds, this context-specific, functional dimension of diversity in livestock resources needs to be considered...
November 2016: Revue Scientifique et Technique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917564/mind-the-gap-in-clinical-trials-a-participatory-action-analysis-with-citizen-collaborators
#11
Amy Price, Su May Liew, Jo Kirkpatrick, Jazmin Price, Taylor Lopreto, Yasmin Nelken
What are the strengths, gaps, expectations, and barriers to research engagement in clinical trials as communicated through social media? Clinical trials test treatments to provide reliable information for safety and effectiveness. Trials are building blocks in which what is learned in earlier research can be used to improve treatments, compare alternatives, and improve quality of life. For 20 years, the percentages of clinical trials volunteers have decreased whereas the costs of running clinical trials have multiplied...
December 4, 2016: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917473/maternal-deprivation-alters-expression-of-neural-maturation-gene-tbr1-in-the-amygdala-paralaminar-nucleus-in-infant-female-macaques
#12
Danielle M de Campo, Judy L Cameron, Joseph M Miano, David A Lewis, Karoly Mirnics, Julie L Fudge
Early parental loss is associated with social-emotional dysregulation and amygdala physiologic changes. Previously, we examined whole amygdala gene expression in infant monkeys exposed to early maternal deprivation. Here, we focus on an amygdala region with immature neurons at birth: the paralaminar nucleus (PL). We hypothesized that 1) the normal infant PL is enriched in a subset of neural maturation (NM) genes compared to a nearby amygdala subregion; and 2) maternal deprivation would downregulate expression of NM transcripts (mRNA)...
December 4, 2016: Developmental Psychobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916362/effectiveness-of-a-mental-skills-curriculum-to-reduce-novices-stress
#13
Nicholas E Anton, Lisa D Howley, Manuel Pimentel, Cameron K Davis, Charles Brown, Dimitrios Stefanidis
BACKGROUND: Stress has been shown to negatively impact surgical performance, and surgical novices are particularly susceptible to its effects. Mental skills are psychological strategies designed to enhance performance and reduce the impact of stress to consistently facilitate the ideal mental conditions that enable performers to perform their best. Mental skills have been used routinely in other high-stress domains (e.g., with Navy SEALs, military pilots, elite athletes, and so forth) to facilitate optimal performance in challenging situations...
November 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916017/the-effect-of-shyness-on-children-s-formation-and-retention-of-novel-word-object-mappings
#14
Matt Hilton, Gert Westermann
This study set out to examine whether shyness, an aversion to novelty and unfamiliar social situations, can affect the processes that underlie early word learning. Twenty-four-month-old children (n =32) were presented with sets of one novel and two familiar objects, and it was found that shyer children were less likely to select a novel object as the referent of a novel label. Furthermore, not-shy children then showed evidence of retaining these novel mappings, but shy children did not. These findings suggest that shy children's aversion to novelty and to the unfamiliar context can impact on their word learning...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Child Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915432/social-learning-in-a-longitudinal-integrated-clinical-placement
#15
Chris Roberts, Michele Daly, Fabian Held, David Lyle
Recent research has demonstrated that longitudinal integrated placements (LICs) are an alternative mode of clinical education to traditional placements. Extended student engagement in community settings provide the advantages of educational continuity as well as increased service provision in underserved areas. Developing and maintaining LICs require a differing approach to student learning than that for traditional placements. There has been little theoretically informed empirical research that has offered explanations of which are the important factors that promote student learning in LICs and the relationships between those factors...
December 3, 2016: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914356/can-podcasts-for-assessment-guidance-and-feedback-promote-self-efficacy-among-undergraduate-nursing-students-a-qualitative-study
#16
Linda C McSwiggan, Maureen Campbell
BACKGROUND: Improving assessment guidance and feedback for students has become an international priority within higher education. Podcasts have been proposed as a tool for enhancing teaching, learning and assessment. However, a stronger theory-based rationale for using podcasts, particularly as a means of facilitating assessment guidance and feedback, is required. OBJECTIVE: To explore students' experiences of using podcasts for assessment guidance and feedback...
November 27, 2016: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913715/doping-among-professional-athletes-in-iran-a-test-of-akers-s-social-learning-theory
#17
Saeed Kabiri, John K Cochran, Bernadette J Stewart, Mahmoud Sharepour, Mohammad Mahdi Rahmati, Syede Massomeh Shadmanfaat
The use of performance-enhancing drugs (PED) is common among Iranian professional athletes. As this phenomenon is a social problem, the main purpose of this research is to explain why athletes engage in "doping" activity, using social learning theory. For this purpose, a sample of 589 professional athletes from Rasht, Iran, was used to test assumptions related to social learning theory. The results showed that there are positive and significant relationships between the components of social learning theory (differential association, differential reinforcement, imitation, and definitions) and doping behavior (past, present, and future use of PED)...
December 1, 2016: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913658/social-determinants-and-teen-pregnancy-prevention-exploring-the-role-of-nontraditional-partnerships
#18
Taleria R Fuller, Carla P White, Jocelyn Chu, Deborah Dean, Naomi Clemmons, Carmen Chaparro, Jessica L Thames, Anitra Belle Henderson, Pebbles King
Addressing the social determinants of health (SDOH) that influence teen pregnancy is paramount to eliminating disparities and achieving health equity. Expanding prevention efforts from purely individual behavior change to improving the social, political, economic, and built environments in which people live, learn, work, and play may better equip vulnerable youth to adopt and sustain healthy decisions. In 2010, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in partnership with the Office of Adolescent Health funded state- and community-based organizations to develop and implement the Teen Pregnancy Prevention Community-Wide Initiative...
December 1, 2016: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913563/-you-can-t-be-a-person-and-a-doctor-the-work-life-balance-of-doctors-in-training-a-qualitative-study
#19
Antonia Rich, Rowena Viney, Sarah Needleman, Ann Griffin, Katherine Woolf
OBJECTIVES: Investigate the work-life balance of doctors in training in the UK from the perspectives of trainers and trainees. DESIGN: Qualitative semistructured focus groups and interviews with trainees and trainers. SETTING: Postgraduate medical training in London, Yorkshire and Humber, Kent, Surrey and Sussex, and Wales during the junior doctor contract dispute at the end of 2015. Part of a larger General Medical Council study about the fairness of postgraduate medical training...
December 2, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913345/facial-age-estimation-with-age-difference
#20
Zhenzhen Hu, Yonggang Wen, Jianfeng Wang, Meng Wang, Richang Hong, Shuicheng Yan
Age estimation based on the human face remains a significant problem in computer vision and pattern recognition. In order to estimate an accurate age or age group of a facial image, most of the existing algorithms require a huge face data set attached with age labels. This imposes a constraint on the utilization of the immensely unlabeled or weakly labeled training data, e.g. the huge amount of human photos in the social networks. These images may provide no age label, but it is easily to derive the age difference for an image pair of the same person...
December 1, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Image Processing: a Publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society
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