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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036201/impact-of-social-separation-during-pregnancy-on-the-manifestation-of-defensive-behaviors-related-to-generalized-anxiety-and-panic-throughout-offspring-development
#1
Flaviane Cristina de Brito Guzzo Soliani, Rafael Cabbia, Matheus Fitipaldi Batistela, Amarylis Garcia Almeida, Vinícius Dias Kümpel, Luiz Yamauchi Junior, Telma Gonçalves Carneiro Spera de Andrade
The multiple insecurities, anatomical, physiological and psychological changes arising from the gestational period can generate an overload of stress in the mother and cause disturbances in the offspring, affecting it throughout its development. The existing analysis linking prenatal stress and offspring's anxiety have divergent results, being limited as to gestational week, type of stressor and age of progeny's assessment. Social separation has been described as a stressor that causes increase in anxiety. Thus, the present study evaluated the effects of social separation applied in one of the three gestational weeks of rat dams on the manifestation of the defensive behaviors related to generalized anxiety disorder and panic in the Elevated T Maze of the male progeny in three stages of development (1, 3 or 6 months of life)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035916/observe-to-get-pain-relief-current-evidence-and-potential-mechanisms-of-socially-learned-pain-modulation
#2
Lieven A Schenk, Samuel R Krimmel, Luana Colloca
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034371/assessing-behavioral-stages-from-social-media-data
#3
Jason Liu, Elissa R Weitzman, Rumi Chunara
Important work rooted in psychological theory posits that health behavior change occurs through a series of discrete stages. Our work builds on the field of social computing by identifying how social media data can be used to resolve behavior stages at high resolution (e.g. hourly/daily) for key population subgroups and times. In essence this approach opens new opportunities to advance psychological theories and better understand how our health is shaped based on the real, dynamic, and rapid actions we make every day...
February 2017: CSCW: Proceedings of the Conference on Computer-Supported Cooperative Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034163/identification-of-autism-spectrum-disorder-using-deep-learning-and-the-abide-dataset
#4
Anibal Sólon Heinsfeld, Alexandre Rosa Franco, R Cameron Craddock, Augusto Buchweitz, Felipe Meneguzzi
The goal of the present study was to apply deep learning algorithms to identify autism spectrum disorder (ASD) patients from large brain imaging dataset, based solely on the patients brain activation patterns. We investigated ASD patients brain imaging data from a world-wide multi-site database known as ABIDE (Autism Brain Imaging Data Exchange). ASD is a brain-based disorder characterized by social deficits and repetitive behaviors. According to recent Centers for Disease Control data, ASD affects one in 68 children in the United States...
2018: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033604/chronic-pain-and-adult-hippocampal-neurogenesis-translational-implications-from-preclinical-studies
#5
Mariagrazia Grilli
Adult hippocampal neurogenesis (ahNG) occurs in the human brain. Adult generated neurons have been proposed to functionally contribute to relevant hippocampal functions such as learning and memory, mood regulation, and stress response. Learning, environmental enrichment, and physical exercise exert positive effects on ahNG. In parallel, these proneurogenic stimuli have been shown to ameliorate cognitive performance and/or depressive-like behavior in animal models. Conversely, aging, social isolation, and chronic stress exert negative effects on ahNG...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033450/a-retrospective-chart-analysis-with-follow-up-of-cogmed-working-memory-training-in-children-and-adolescents-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#6
Sander M Weckstein, Ethan J Weckstein, Christopher D Parker, Matthew W Westerman
BACKGROUND This case study was undertaken in an effort to assess whether children/adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) experience improvement in comorbid ADHD following Cogmed Working Memory Training (CWMT). This treatment intervention has been shown to improve ADHD symptoms in children and adolescents; however, there have been no studies on its use with individuals with ASD. MATERIAL AND METHODS CWMT is a computer-based program that consists of 13 auditory, visual, visual spatial, and combined exercises that are practiced for 45 minutes a day, 5 days a week, for 5 weeks...
October 16, 2017: Medical Science Monitor Basic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032626/using-behavior-change-approaches-to-improve-complementary-feeding-practices
#7
Tina Sanghvi, Renata Seidel, Jean Baker, Ann Jimerson
This paper applies an implementation framework, based on a behavior change model, to compare four case studies of complementary feeding programs. It aims to expand our understanding of how to design and implement behavior change interventions aimed at improving complementary feeding practices. Four programs met the selection criteria of scale and documented improvements: Bangladesh, Malawi, Peru, and Zambia. We examined commonalities and differences in the design and implementation of social and behavior change approaches, use of program delivery platforms, challenges encountered, and lessons learned...
October 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032622/harnessing-private-sector-expertise-to-improve-complementary-feeding-within-a-regulatory-framework-where-is-the-evidence
#8
Marti J van Liere, Dessie Tarlton, Ravi Menon, M Yellamanda, Ietje Reerink
Global recognition that the complex and multicausal problems of malnutrition require all players to collaborate and to invest towards the same objective has led to increased private sector engagement as exemplified through the Scaling Up Nutrition Business Network and mechanisms for blended financing and matched funding, such as the Global Nutrition for Growth Compact. The careful steps made over the past 5 to 10 years have however not taken away or reduced the hesitation and scepticism of the public sector actors towards commercial or even social businesses...
October 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031812/nestmate-discrimination-based-on-familiarity-but-not-relatedness-in-eastern-carpenter-bees
#9
J L Vickruck, M H Richards
How animals recognize conspecific individuals has important outcomes in many contexts, but interactions among group members are particularly important. Two recognition criteria are often implicated in these interactions: kin recognition is based on relatedness cues and nestmate recognition is based on familiarity. For social insects, both types of recognition are possible, as many nestmates are close kin and familiarity can develop among individuals that encounter each other repeatedly. To discern whether social insects use kin or nestmate recognition, it is necessary to simultaneously assess how relatedness and familiarity influence behaviour...
October 11, 2017: Behavioural Processes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030915/political-transition-and-emergent-forest-conservation-issues-in-myanmar
#10
REVIEW
Graham W Prescott, William J Sutherland, Daniel Aguirre, Matthew Baird, Vicky Bowman, Jake Brunner, Grant M Connette, Martin Cosier, David Dapice, Jose Don T De Alban, Alex Diment, Julia Fogerite, Jefferson Fox, Win Hlaing, Saw Htun, Jack Hurd, Katherine LaJeunesse Connette, Felicia Lasmana, Cheng Ling Lim, Antony Lynam, Aye Chan Maung, Benjamin McCarron, John F McCarthy, William J McShea, Frank Momberg, Myat Su Mon, Than Myint, Robert Oberndorf, Thaung Naing Oo, Jacob Phelps, Madhu Rao, Dietrich Schmidt-Vogt, Hugh Speechly, Oliver Springate-Baginski, Robert Steinmetz, Kirk Talbott, Maung Maung Than, Tint Lwin Thaung, Salai Cung Lian Thawng, Kyaw Min Thein, Shwe Thein, Robert Tizard, Tony Whitten, Guy Williams, Trevor Wilson, Kevin Woods, Alan D Ziegler, Michal Zrust, Edward L Webb
Political and economic transitions have had substantial impacts on forest conservation. Where transitions are underway or anticipated, historical precedent and methods for systematically assessing future trends should be used to anticipate likely threats to forest conservation and design appropriate and prescient policy measures to counteract them. Myanmar is transitioning from an authoritarian, centralized state with a highly regulated economy to a more decentralized and economically liberal democracy and is working to end a long-running civil war...
October 14, 2017: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030593/fish-perform-like-mammals-and-birds-in-inhibitory-motor-control-tasks
#11
Tyrone Lucon-Xiccato, Elia Gatto, Angelo Bisazza
Inhibitory control is an executive function that positively predicts performance in several cognitive tasks and has been considered typical of vertebrates with large and complex nervous systems such as primates. However, evidence is growing that some fish species have evolved complex cognitive abilities in spite of their relatively small brain size. We tested whether fish might also show enhanced inhibitory control by subjecting guppies, Poecilia reticulata, to the motor task used to test warm-blooded vertebrates...
October 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030326/consumer-health-related-activities-on-social-media-exploratory-study
#12
Arcelio Benetoli, Timothy F Chen, Parisa Aslani
BACKGROUND: Although a number of studies have investigated how consumers use social media for health-related purposes, there is a paucity of studies in the Australian context. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore how Australian consumers used social media for health-related purposes, specifically how they identified social media platforms, which were used, and which health-related activities commonly took place. METHODS: A total of 5 focus groups (n=36 participants), each lasting 60 to 90 minutes, were conducted in the Sydney metropolitan area...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029666/exercising-with-veterans-how-social-interaction-with-a-pharmacy-student-improves-patient-care
#13
Genna Holder, Brent Salvig
With the baby boomer population anticipated to explode between 2010 and 2030, it is essential that student pharmacists learn how to properly care for older patients. One way for pharmacy students to prepare for providing health care to the elderly is to partake in an Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experience (APPE) elective course in geriatrics. Pharmacy students, and health care professionals in general, have an immense amount of information available to them that is not found in a patient's chart or textbook, but can be uncovered through increased social interaction with patients, promoting the best possible care...
August 1, 2017: Consultant Pharmacist: the Journal of the American Society of Consultant Pharmacists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029627/determinants-of-self-rated-health-among-shanghai-elders-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Weizhen Dong, Jin Wan, Yanjun Xu, Chun Chen, Ge Bai, Lyuying Fang, Anjiang Sun, Yinghua Yang, Ying Wang
BACKGROUND: As the most populous nation in the world, China has now becoming an emerging ageing society. Shanghai is the first city facing the challenge of ageing demographics. Against this background, a study that employs self-rated health (SRH) assessment system was designed to explore the health status of Shanghai elders, and learn their attitudes toward health issues; as well as to investigate the determinants of SRH among Shanghai elders. Understanding SRH is crucial for finding appropriate solutions that could effectively tackle the increasing eldercare demand...
October 13, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028834/validation-of-a-theoretically-motivated-approach-to-measuring-childhood-socioeconomic-circumstances-in-the-health-and-retirement-study
#15
Anusha M Vable, Paola Gilsanz, Thu T Nguyen, Ichiro Kawachi, M Maria Glymour
Childhood socioeconomic status (cSES) is a powerful predictor of adult health, but its operationalization and measurement varies across studies. Using Health and Retirement Study data (HRS, which is nationally representative of community-residing United States adults aged 50+ years), we specified theoretically-motivated cSES measures, evaluated their reliability and validity, and compared their performance to other cSES indices. HRS respondent data (N = 31,169, interviewed 1992-2010) were used to construct a cSES index reflecting childhood social capital (cSC), childhood financial capital (cFC), and childhood human capital (cHC), using retrospective reports from when the respondent was <16 years (at least 34 years prior)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028237/the-epidemiological-transition-in-eastern-and-western-europe-a-historic-natural-experiment
#16
Marina Karanikolos, Roza Adany, Martin McKee
Background: The continent of Europe has experienced remarkable changes in the past 25 years, providing scope for natural experiments that offer insight into the complex determinants of health. Methods: We analysed trends in life expectancy at birth in three parts of Europe, those countries that were members of the European Union (EU) prior to 2004, countries that joined the European Union since then, and the twelve countries that emerged from the Soviet Union to form the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)...
October 1, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028156/genetic-background-effects-in-neuroligin-3-mutant-mice-minimal-behavioral-abnormalities-on-c57-background
#17
Thomas C Jaramillo, Christine Ochoa Escamilla, Shunan Liu, Lauren Peca, Shari G Birnbaum, Craig M Powell
Neuroligin-3 (NLGN3) is a postsynaptic cell adhesion protein that interacts with presynaptic ligands including neurexin-1 (NRXN1) [Ichtchenko et al., Journal of Biological Chemistry, 271, 2676-2682, 1996]. Mice harboring a mutation in the NLGN3 gene (NL3R451C) mimicking a mutation found in two brothers with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) were previously generated and behaviorally phenotyped for autism-related behaviors. In these NL3R451C mice generated and tested on a hybrid C57BL6J/129S2/SvPasCrl background, we observed enhanced spatial memory and reduced social interaction [Tabuchi et al...
October 13, 2017: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027671/ethical-challenges-of-personal-disclosure-in-gaining-entry-with-religious-congregations
#18
Nathan R Todd
This is a story about learning how to navigate my social identities as a non-religious gay man attempting to conduct data-based consultation with a religious congregation. Beyond my own growth in knowing myself better, this story speaks to the larger ethical challenge of how we build trust in community relationships, and in particular how much of our personal selves we need to disclose in the process of an individual or group deciding to work with us. Individuals and groups make decisions to work with us based on who they perceive us to be; thus, what is our ethical obligation to disclose aspects of who we are to promote full informed consent? To illustrate this ethical challenge of personal disclosure, I tell the story of discussions I had with three different religious leaders and a congregational committee about potentially working together...
October 13, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027040/actor-network-theory-and-the-osce-formulating-a-new-research-agenda-for-a-post-psychometric-era
#19
Margaret Bearman, Rola Ajjawi
The Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE) is a ubiquitous part of medical education, although there is some debate about its value, particularly around possible impact on learning. Literature and research regarding the OSCE is most often situated within the psychometric or competency discourses of assessment. This paper describes an alternative approach: Actor-network-theory (ANT), a sociomaterial approach to understanding practice and learning. ANT provides a means to productively examine tensions and limitations of the OSCE, in part through extending research to include social relationships and physical objects...
October 12, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022403/developmental-approach-for-behavior-learning-using-primitive-motion-skills
#20
Farhan Dawood, Chu Kiong Loo
Imitation learning through self-exploration is essential in developing sensorimotor skills. Most developmental theories emphasize that social interactions, especially understanding of observed actions, could be first achieved through imitation, yet the discussion on the origin of primitive imitative abilities is often neglected, referring instead to the possibility of its innateness. This paper presents a developmental model of imitation learning based on the hypothesis that humanoid robot acquires imitative abilities as induced by sensorimotor associative learning through self-exploration...
August 6, 2017: International Journal of Neural Systems
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