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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240556/crazy-making-the-institutional-relations-of-undergraduate-nursing-in-the-reproduction-of-biomedical-psychiatry
#1
Simon Adam
Undergraduate mental health nursing education has been extensively discussed among nursing scholars, educators, and curriculum experts. While various perspectives have weighed in on mental health nursing education in Canada, little attention has been paid to understanding the relationship between biomedical psychiatry and undergraduate nursing education. Using institutional ethnography, this article examines the social and textual relations which characterize this relationship. Beginning in the everyday teaching and learning work of faculty members and nursing students in a collaborative baccalaureate nursing program, the social organization of mental health nursing education is explicated and the textual processes are outlined...
December 13, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Education Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238396/-velamente-sailin-in-a-crew-to-improve-self-efficacy-in-people-with-psychosocial-disabilities-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Federica Sancassiani, Alessio Cocco, Giulia Cossu, Stefano Lorrai, Giuseppina Trincas, Francesca Floris, Gisa Mellino, Sergio Machado, Antonio Egidio Nardi, Elisabetta Pascolo Fabrici, Antonello Preti, Mauro Giovanni Carta
Introduction: It has been proposed that sailing can improve quality of life, personal and social skills of people with severe psychosocial disabilities. This study aimed to assess the efficacy of a psychosocial rehabilitative intervention focused on sailing on quality of life, self-efficacy and sense of coherence in people with severe psychosocial disabilities. Methods: The study was a randomized, with parallel groups, waiting-list controlled trial. Participants were 51 people with severe psychosocial disabilities...
2017: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237856/humans-as-model-organisms
#3
Kim Sterelny
Like every other species, our species is the result of descent with modification under the influence of natural selection; a tip in an increasingly large and deep series of nested clades, as we trace its ancestry back to increasingly remote antecedents. As a consequence of shared history, our species has much in common with many others; as a consequence of its production by the general mechanisms of evolution, our species carries information about the mechanisms that shaped other species as well. For reasons unconnected to biological theory, we have far more information about humans than we do about other species...
December 20, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237395/insights-into-the-evolution-biogeography-and-natural-history-of-the-acorn-ants-genus-temnothorax-mayr-hymenoptera-formicidae
#4
Matthew Prebus
BACKGROUND: Temnothorax (Formicidae: Myrmicinae) is a diverse genus of ants found in a broad spectrum of ecosystems across the northern hemisphere. These diminutive ants have long served as models for social insect behavior, leading to discoveries about social learning and inspiring hypotheses about the process of speciation and the evolution of social parasitism. This genus is highly morphologically and behaviorally diverse, and this has caused a great deal of taxonomic confusion in recent years...
December 13, 2017: BMC Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236564/views-from-the-field-medical-student-experiences-and-perceptions-of-interprofessional-learning-and-collaboration-in-rural-settings
#5
David S Thompson, Jacques Abourbih, Lorraine Carter, Gayle Adams-Carpino, Sue Berry, Lisa E Graves, Nichole J Ranger
Exploring the perceived environment where students are educated, as well as where they practice, is particularly important for educators and practitioners working in situations of interprofessional rural and remote health. In this study, we explored the perceptions of undergraduate medical students regarding interprofessionalism across their four-year undergraduate program which focuses on rural health. A thematic content analysis of the text-data was conducted on a convenience sample of 47 student responses to essay questions across four cohorts of a four-year undergraduate medical program...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236539/no-equity-no-triple-aim-strategic-proposals-to-advance-health-equity-in-a-volatile-policy-environment
#6
Geoffrey W Wilkinson, Alan Sager, Sara Selig, Richard Antonelli, Samantha Morton, Gail Hirsch, Celeste Reid Lee, Abigail Ortiz, Durrell Fox, Monica Valdes Lupi, Cecilia Acuff, Madeline Wachman
Health professionals, including social workers, community health workers, public health workers, and licensed health care providers, share common interests and responsibilities in promoting health equity and improving social determinants of health-the conditions in which people live, work, play, and learn. We summarize the underlying causes of health inequity and comparatively poor health outcomes in the United States. We describe barriers to realizing the hope embedded in the 2010 Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, that moving away from fee-for-service payments will naturally drive care upstream as providers respond to greater financial risk by undertaking greater prevention efforts for the health of their patients...
December 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236411/boosting-social-and-emotional-development-in-and-out-of-school
#7
Ashley Wallace, Jennifer Palmer
(1) Illinois' state ESSA plan reflects the state’s whole-child approach, adding references to the social, emotional and behavioral needs of students, along with high expectations for student achievement. (2) Massachusetts' state ESSA plan lists supporting socialemotional learning, health and safety as among the state's core educational strategies. (3) South Carolina's ESSA plan develops a framework identifying self-direction, perseverance, global perspective and interpersonal skills to be among the characteristics that every student should have when he or she graduates from high school...
November 2017: NCSL Legisbrief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236039/teacher-rated-school-ethos-and-student-reported-bullying-a-multilevel-study-of-upper-secondary-schools-in-stockholm-sweden
#8
Bitte Modin, Sara B Låftman, Viveca Östberg
School ethos refers to the school leadership's purposive efforts to shape and direct the attitudes, values and behaviors needed in order to promote an active learning environment and to prevent the emergence of undesirable behaviors by creating shared meaning and common goals for the school. The aim of this study was to examine how teacher rated aspects of school ethos are linked with manifestations of bullying among 11th grade students. Five teacher-rated sub-dimensions of school ethos (staff stability, teacher morale, structure-order, student focus, and academic atmosphere) were examined in relation to student-reported perpetration of and exposure to traditional school bullying and cyberbullying...
December 13, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235986/managing-diabetes-in-people-with-dementia-a-realist-review
#9
Frances Bunn, Claire Goodman, Peter Reece Jones, Bridget Russell, Daksha Trivedi, Alan Sinclair, Antony Bayer, Greta Rait, Jo Rycroft-Malone, Chris Burton
BACKGROUND: Dementia and diabetes mellitus are common long-term conditions that coexist in a large number of older people. People living with dementia and diabetes may be at increased risk of complications such as hypoglycaemic episodes because they are less able to manage their diabetes. OBJECTIVES: To identify the key features or mechanisms of programmes that aim to improve the management of diabetes in people with dementia and to identify areas needing further research...
December 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235942/the-process-of-adaptation-following-a-new-diagnosis-of-type-1-diabetes-in-adulthood-a-meta-synthesis
#10
Mette Due-Christensen, Vibeke Zoffmann, Ingrid Willaing, David Hopkins, Angus Forbes
While Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is generally associated with childhood, half of all cases occur in adulthood. The adaptive strategies individuals employ during the initial adaptive phase may have an important impact on their risk of future diabetes complications and their psychosocial well-being. We conducted a systematic review of six databases and included nine qualitative studies in a meta-synthesis, the aims of which were to develop a better understanding of how adults newly diagnosed with T1D experience the diagnosis and the phenomena associated with the early process of adaptation to life with diabetes...
January 2018: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235915/social-bots-human-like-by-means-of-human-control
#11
Christian Grimme, Mike Preuss, Lena Adam, Heike Trautmann
Social bots are currently regarded an influential but also somewhat mysterious factor in public discourse and opinion making. They are considered to be capable of massively distributing propaganda in social and online media, and their application is even suspected to be partly responsible for recent election results. Astonishingly, the term social bot is not well defined and different scientific disciplines use divergent definitions. This work starts with a balanced definition attempt, before providing an overview of how social bots actually work (taking the example of Twitter) and what their current technical limitations are...
December 2017: Big Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234898/the-detour-paradigm-in-animal-cognition
#12
REVIEW
Can Kabadayi, Katarzyna Bobrowicz, Mathias Osvath
In this paper, we review one of the oldest paradigms used in animal cognition: the detour paradigm. The paradigm presents the subject with a situation where a direct route to the goal is blocked and a detour must be made to reach it. Often being an ecologically valid and a versatile tool, the detour paradigm has been used to study diverse cognitive skills like insight, social learning, inhibitory control and route planning. Due to the relative ease of administrating detour tasks, the paradigm has lately been used in large-scale comparative studies in order to investigate the evolution of inhibitory control...
December 12, 2017: Animal Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234823/-digital-learning-and-teaching-in-medical-education-already-there-or-still-at-the-beginning
#13
REVIEW
Sebastian Kuhn, Susanne Frankenhauser, Daniel Tolks
The current choice of digital teaching and learning formats in medicine is very heterogeneous. In addition to the widely used classical static formats, social communication tools, audio/video-based media, interactive formats, and electronic testing systems enrich the learning environment.For medical students, the private use of digital media is not necessarily linked to their meaningful use in the study. Many gain their experience of digital learning in the sense of "assessment drives learning", especially by taking online exams in a passive, consuming role...
December 12, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233805/designing-microblog-direct-messages-to-engage-social-media-users-with-suicide-ideation-interview-and-survey-study-on-weibo
#14
Ziying Tan, Xingyun Liu, Xiaoqian Liu, Qijin Cheng, Tingshao Zhu
BACKGROUND: While Web-based interventions can be efficacious, engaging a target population's attention remains challenging. We argue that strategies to draw such a population's attention should be tailored to meet its needs. Increasing user engagement in online suicide intervention development requires feedback from this group to prevent people who have suicide ideation from seeking treatment. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to solicit feedback on the acceptability of the content of messaging from social media users with suicide ideation...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233579/why-do-certain-primary-health-care-teams-respond-better-to-intimate-partner-violence-than-others-a-multiple-case-study
#15
Isabel Goicolea, Bruno Marchal, Anna-Karin Hurtig, Carmen Vives-Cases, Erica Briones-Vozmediano, Miguel San Sebastián
OBJECTIVE: To analyse how team level conditions influenced health care professionals' responses to intimate partner violence. METHODS: We used a multiple embedded case study. The cases were four primary health care teams located in a southern region of Spain; two of them considered "good" and two s "average". The two teams considered good had scored highest in practice issues for intimate partner violence, measured via a questionnaire (PREMIS - Physicians Readiness to Respond to Intimate Partner Violence Survey) applied to professionals working in the four primary health care teams...
December 9, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233417/comparison-of-student-confidence-and-perceptions-of-biochemistry-concepts-using-a-team-based-learning-versus-traditional-lecture-based-format
#16
Rebecca Gryka, Mary E Kiersma, Tracy R Frame, Stephanie M Cailor, Aleda M H Chen
PURPOSE: To evaluate differences in student confidence and perceptions of biochemistry concepts using a team-based learning (TBL) format versus a traditional lecture-based format at two universities. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY: Two pedagogies (TBL vs lecture-based) were utilized to deliver biochemistry concepts at two universities in a first-professional year, semester-long biochemistry course. A 21-item instrument was created and administered pre-post semester to assess changes in confidence in learning biochemistry concepts using Bandura's Social Cognitive Theory (eight items, 5-point, Likert-type) and changes in student perceptions of biochemistry utilizing the theory of planned behavior (TPB) domains (13 items, 7- point, Likert-type)...
March 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233405/tone-and-style-in-pharmacy-course-syllabi
#17
Marty Eng, Jordan Nicholls, Lindsay Mailloux
OBJECTIVE: Syllabi are a part of the teaching and learning experience in pharmacy curricula. Yet, little has been done to understand the effects of these documents. Studies in Psychology and Social Work report important effects of style and tone of syllabi on student perceptions and performance. We sought to describe a cross-sectional pattern in the tone and style of pharmacy course syllabi. METHODS: We retrieved syllabi via US pharmacy institutions and association website searches...
March 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233398/an-evidence-based-analysis-of-learning-practices-the-need-for-pharmacy-students-to-employ-more-effective-study-strategies
#18
Daniel Brown
INTRODUCTION: Learning is a process of constructing neural connections between what is being learned and what has already been learned. Superficial thought processes associated with memorization produce shallow, short-term learning. Higher-order thought processing (critical thinking) produces deep, long-term learning. Pharmacy students should study in ways that enable them to retain and apply what they learn. PREDOMINANT LEARNING PRACTICES: Investigators who surveyed the learning practices of pharmacy students have reported that most students resort to cramming in preparation for an upcoming exam...
March 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233369/do-fourth-year-pharmacy-students-use-facebook-to-form-workplace-based-learning-peer-groups-during-rotations
#19
Jennifer Phillips, Jacob Gettig, Kristen Goliak, Sheila Allen, Nancy Fjortoft
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study was to gain an understanding of whether pharmacy students are using Facebook® to create formal or informal workplace-based peer groups to learn from each other and share information while completing their advanced pharmacy practice experiences (APPEs). METHODS: Fourth-year pharmacy students from two colleges of pharmacy in the same geographical area were recruited by email to participate. Inclusion criteria were: completion of two or more APPEs, current assignment to an APPE rotation in the local area, and a Facebook® profile...
November 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232992/cleft-lip-and-palate-in-context-learning-from-and-adding-to-the-sociological-literature-on-long-term-conditions
#20
Raed Abualfaraj, Blanaid Daly, Fraser McDonald, Sasha Scambler
Cleft lip and palate is a common congenital anomaly affecting males and females. While there is psychological research on cleft lip and palate, there is relatively little research exploring the social context of cleft lip and palate and the experiences of living with the condition on a daily basis. Drawing on common themes emerging from sociological work which have explored the experiences of people living with long-term conditions (uncertainty, social relations, self-esteem and self-image and biomedical concerns), we argue that these themes can be used to help elucidate the experiences of people living with cleft lip and palate...
January 1, 2017: Health (London)
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