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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944965/comparison-of-psoriasis-and-atopic-dermatitis-guidelines-an-argument-for-aggressive-atopic-dermatitis-management
#1
Mary E Lohman, Peter A Lio
The development of effective systemic treatments has revolutionized the treatment of inflammatory skin diseases. The availability of safe new treatments and the understanding of psoriasis as a systemic disease with comorbidities and effects on quality of life have driven the current aggressive treatment paradigm of psoriasis. Historically the morbidity of atopic dermatitis (AD) has been dismissed, given the perception of AD as "just" a rash. Differences in the guidelines for psoriasis and AD management may suggest variations in the current conceptualization of disease severity and effects on quality of life...
September 25, 2017: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944746/using-two-sex-life-tables-to-determine-fitness-parameters-of-four-bactrocera-species-diptera-tephritidae-reared-on-a-semi-artificial-diet
#2
W Jaleel, J Yin, D Wang, Y He, L Lu, H Shi
Fruit flies in the genus Bactrocera are global, economically important pests of agricultural food crops. However, basic life history information about these pests, which is vital for designing more effective control methods, is currently lacking. Artificial diets can be used as a suitable replacement for natural host plants for rearing fruit flies under laboratory conditions, and this study reports on the two-sex life-table parameters of four Bactrocera species (Bactrocera correcta, Bactrocera dorsalis, Bactrocera cucurbitae, and Bactrocera tau) reared on a semi-artificial diet comprising corn flour, banana, sodium benzoate, yeast, sucrose, winding paper, hydrochloric acid and water...
September 25, 2017: Bulletin of Entomological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944700/participation-restrictions-among-adolescents-and-adults-with-neonatal-brachial-plexus-palsy-the-patient-perspective
#3
Menno van der Holst, Jeroen Groot, Duco Steenbeek, Willem Pondaag, Rob Ghh Nelissen, Thea Pm Vliet Vlieland
PURPOSE: To examine the impact of neonatal brachial plexus palsy (NBPP) on societal participation of adolescents and adults. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted among patients with NBPP, aged ≥16 years, who had visited our NBPP clinic. Patients completed questions on the influence of NBPP on their choices regarding education/work and their work-performance, the Impact on Participation/Autonomy questionnaire and the Utrecht Scale for Evaluation of Rehabilitation-Participation (USER-P)...
September 24, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944472/improved-transcriptome-sampling-pinpoints-26-ancient-and-more-recent-polyploidy-events-in-caryophyllales-including-two-allopolyploidy-events
#4
Ya Yang, Michael J Moore, Samuel F Brockington, Jessica Mikenas, Julia Olivieri, Joseph F Walker, Stephen A Smith
Studies of the macroevolutionary legacy of polyploidy are limited by an incomplete sampling of these events across the tree of life. To better locate and understand these events, we need comprehensive taxonomic sampling as well as homology inference methods that accurately reconstruct the frequency and location of gene duplications. We assembled a data set of transcriptomes and genomes from 168 species in Caryophyllales, of which 43 transcriptomes were newly generated for this study, representing one of the most densely sampled genomic-scale data sets available...
September 25, 2017: New Phytologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944458/goldspotted-spinefoot-siganus-punctatus-siganidae-age-based-reproductive-life-history-and-fisheries-vulnerability
#5
K Rhodes, D Hernandez-Ortiz, M Ioanis, W Washington, S Maxim, K Olpet, S Malakai
Between February 2015 and 2016, samples of the Indo-Pacific goldspotted spinefoot Siganus punctatus were taken from local fish markets, feeding sites and nursery grounds on the main island of Pohnpei, Micronesia, to ascertain sexual pattern, reproductive seasonality, age, growth and mortality. Microscopic examinations of gonads identified two seasonal peaks in reproduction: February to May and September to December, with evidence of some spawning activity in most months. Ripe females were observed 4 days on either side of the new moon...
September 25, 2017: Journal of Fish Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944106/emotion-regulation-regulates-more-than-emotion-associations-of-momentary-emotion-regulation-with-diurnal-cortisol-in-current-and-past-depression-and-anxiety
#6
Kirsten Gilbert, Susan Mineka, Richard E Zinbarg, Michelle G Craske, Emma K Adam
Maladaptive emotion regulation and dysregulated hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis functioning are characteristic of depression and anxiety. However, little research examines whether and how emotion regulation affects HPA axis functioning. We utilized an experience sampling methodology to examine associations between three emotion regulation strategies (problem solving, disengagement, and emotional expression/support seeking) and diurnal cortisol rhythms and reactivity in everyday life. Participants were young adults with current, past, or no history of internalizing disorders (depression or anxiety; N = 182)...
January 1, 2017: Clinical Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944069/weight-regain-after-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-has-a-large-negative-impact-on-the-bariatric-quality-of-life-index
#7
Pichamol Jirapinyo, Barham K Abu Dayyeh, Christopher C Thompson
BACKGROUND: Despite initial successful weight loss, some patients may experience weight regain following Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of weight regain on bariatric patients' quality of life (QoL). METHODS: This was a prospective cross-sectional study. Fifty-six consecutive RYGB patients were recruited and divided into weight-regain and weight-stable cohorts. QoL was assessed using the Bariatric Quality of Life (BQL) questionnaire...
2017: BMJ Open Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944062/coupling-spectral-analysis-and-hidden-markov-models-for-the-segmentation-of-behavioural-patterns
#8
Karine Heerah, Mathieu Woillez, Ronan Fablet, François Garren, Stéphane Martin, Hélène De Pontual
BACKGROUND: Movement pattern variations are reflective of behavioural switches, likely associated with different life history traits in response to the animals' abiotic and biotic environment. Detecting these can provide rich information on the underlying processes driving animal movement patterns. However, extracting these signals from movement time series, requires tools that objectively extract, describe and quantify these behaviours. The inference of behavioural modes from movement patterns has been mainly addressed through hidden Markov models...
2017: Movement Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944055/understanding-the-links-between-resilience-and-type-2-diabetes-self-management-a-qualitative-study-in-south-australia
#9
A L Wilson, D McNaughton, S B Meyer, P R Ward
BACKGROUND: Research conducted by Ward, Muller, Tsourtos, et al. (Soc Sci Med 72(7):1140-1148, 2011) has led to the development of the psycho-social interactive model of resilience, which reveals the interaction between individual resilience factors (i.e. coping, confidence and self esteem) and external resilience environments (i.e. employment, supportive family environments and health promoting policies) in facilitating the development of resilience. This present study explored the utility of this model of resilience for understanding how people self-manage type-2 diabetes...
2017: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944048/dysmenorrhea-and-related-disorders
#10
REVIEW
Mariagiulia Bernardi, Lucia Lazzeri, Federica Perelli, Fernando M Reis, Felice Petraglia
Dysmenorrhea is a common symptom secondary to various gynecological disorders, but it is also represented in most women as a primary form of disease. Pain associated with dysmenorrhea is caused by hypersecretion of prostaglandins and an increased uterine contractility. The primary dysmenorrhea is quite frequent in young women and remains with a good prognosis, even though it is associated with low quality of life. The secondary forms of dysmenorrhea are associated with endometriosis and adenomyosis and may represent the key symptom...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942908/integrating-function-directed-treatments-into-palliative-care
#11
REVIEW
Andrea L Cheville, Melissa Morrow, Sean Robinson Smith, Jeffrey R Basford
The growing acceptance of palliative care has created opportunities to increase the use of rehabilitation services among populations with advanced disease, particularly those with cancer. Broader delivery has been impeded by the lack of a shared definition for palliative rehabilitation and a mismatch between patient needs and established rehabilitation service delivery models. We propose the definition that, in the advanced cancer population, palliative rehabilitation is function-directed care delivered in partnership with other clinical disciplines and aligned with the values of patients who have serious and often incurable illnesses in contexts marked by intense and dynamic symptoms, psychological stress, and medical morbidity to realize potentially time-limited goals...
September 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942904/a-brief-historical-perspective-of-cancer-rehabilitation-and-contributions-from-the-national-institutes-of-health
#12
REVIEW
Lynn H Gerber, Bonnie Hodsdon, Leora Ellen Comis, Leighton Chan, John I Gallin, Charles L McGarvey
People who have cancer diagnoses often need care throughout their lives through all stages of their illness. These stages include diagnosis, primary treatment, survivorship, and end of life. The management of people with cancer, now a common and chronic illness with long-term survival improving, is complex, challenging, and rapidly changing. Rehabilitation for people with cancer diagnoses is a new specialty and is charged with providing care throughout the trajectory of illness and wellness to maximize potential for function and mitigate disability...
September 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942794/the-genetics-of-parkinson%C3%A2-disease
#13
Lina Mastrangelo
The 200years of research efforts on Parkinson disease (PD) form the basis of our understanding of the second most common neurodegenerative disorder after Alzheimer disease. This journey has been marked by the revolutionary discovery of a neurotransmitter replacement therapy that provides a longer and healthier life to patients. Since 1997, the advances in the genetics of PD have expanded our understanding of this neurodegenerative disorder and they are opening up new ways to search for disease-modifying therapies...
2017: Advances in Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942769/life-history-systematics-and-evolution-of-the-diplostomoidea-poirier-1886-progress-promises-and-challenges-emerging-from-molecular-studies
#14
Isabel Blasco-Costa, Sean A Locke
Members of the Diplostomoidea mature in amniotes and employ vertebrates, annelids and molluscs as second intermediate hosts. Diplostomoid life cycles generally follow a three-host pattern typical of digeneans, but novelties have arisen in some species, including obligate four-host life cycles, vertical transmission, and intracellular parasitism. In this review, we summarize the basic biology of diplostomoids with reference to molecular studies, and present challenges, gaps and areas where molecular data could address long-standing questions...
2017: Advances in Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942738/childhood-stress-grown-up-brain-networks-corticolimbic-correlates-of-threat-related-early-life-stress-and-adult-stress-response
#15
R H Kaiser, R Clegg, F Goer, P Pechtel, M Beltzer, G Vitaliano, D P Olson, M H Teicher, D A Pizzagalli
BACKGROUND: Exposure to threat-related early life stress (ELS) has been related to vulnerability for stress-related disorders in adulthood, putatively via disrupted corticolimbic circuits involved in stress response and regulation. However, previous research on ELS has not examined both the intrinsic strength and flexibility of corticolimbic circuits, which may be particularly important for adaptive stress responding, or associations between these dimensions of corticolimbic dysfunction and acute stress response in adulthood...
September 25, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942668/recent-exposure-to-hypoglycemia-increases-glucose-variability-following-a-hyper-hypoglycemic-metabolic-challenge-in-t1d
#16
Chiara Fabris, Leon S Farhy, Stacey M Anderson, Ralf M Nass, Boris P Kovatchev, Marc D Breton
AIMS: In type 1 diabetes (T1D), repeated hypoglycemic episodes may reduce hormonal defenses and increase the risk for severe hypoglycemia. In this work, we investigate the effect of a structured hyper/hypoglycemic metabolic challenge on the postintervention glucose variability in T1D subjects studied at home. METHODS: Thirty T1D subjects using insulin pump were monitored with blood glucose meters (SMBG) during a 1-month observation period. After 2 weeks of monitoring, participants were admitted at the University of Virginia Clinical Research Unit to undergo an 8-hour metabolic challenge...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941857/a-cross-sectional-study-to-assess-the-stigma-associated-with-tuberculosis-among-tuberculosis-patients-in-udupi-district-karnataka
#17
R Shivapujimath, A P Rao, A R Nilima, D M Shilpa
BACKGROUND: For decades, tuberculosis and other communicable diseases like human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome, leprosy, etc., have been associated with stigma and discrimination by the society; this can interfere with the lifestyle and disease management among these patients. OBJECTIVE: To assess the stigma experienced by tuberculosis patients and to find the factors associated with stigma. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 209 sputum-positive and sputum-negative tuberculosis patients...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941558/emergency-medicine-evaluation-of-community-acquired-pneumonia-history-examination-imaging-and-laboratory-assessment-and-risk-scores
#18
Brit Long, Drew Long, Alex Koyfman
BACKGROUND: Pneumonia is a common infection, accounting for approximately one million hospitalizations in the United States annually. This potentially life-threatening disease is commonly diagnosed based on history, physical examination, and chest radiograph. OBJECTIVE: To investigate emergency medicine evaluation of community-acquired pneumonia including history, physical examination, imaging, and the use of risk scores in patient assessment. DISCUSSION: Pneumonia is the number one cause of death from infectious disease...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941390/severe-forms-of-food-allergy
#19
REVIEW
Emanuel Sávio Cavalcanti Sarinho, Maria das Graças Moura Lins
OBJECTIVES: To guide the diagnostic and therapeutic management of severe forms of food allergy. DATA SOURCES: Search in the Medline database using the terms "severe food allergy," "anaphylaxis and food allergy," "generalized urticaria and food allergy," and "food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome" in the last ten years, searching in the title, abstract, or keyword fields. SUMMARY OF DATA: Food allergy can be serious and life-threatening...
September 20, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940254/nowhere-to-hide-effects-of-linear-features-on-predator-prey-dynamics-in-a-large-mammal-system
#20
Craig A DeMars, Stan Boutin
Rapid landscape alteration associated with human activity is currently challenging the evolved dynamical stability of many predator-prey systems by forcing species to behaviorally respond to novel environmental stimuli. In many forested systems, linear features (LFs) such as roads, pipelines and resource exploration lines (i.e. seismic lines) are a ubiquitous form of landscape alteration that have been implicated in altering predator-prey dynamics. One hypothesized effect is that LFs facilitate predator movement into and within prey refugia, thereby increasing predator-prey spatial overlap...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Animal Ecology
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