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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792587/child-abuse-potential-in-mothers-with-early-life-maltreatment-borderline-personality-disorder-and-depression
#1
Katja Dittrich, Katja Boedeker, Dorothea Kluczniok, Charlotte Jaite, Catherine Hindi Attar, Daniel Fuehrer, Sabine C Herpertz, Romuald Brunner, Sibylle Maria Winter, Andreas Heinz, Stefan Roepke, Christine Heim, Felix Bermpohl
BACKGROUND: Early life maltreatment (ELM), borderline personality disorder (BPD) and major depressive disorder (MDD) have been shown to increase the potential of abuse. Emotion regulation is an identified mediator for the association of ELM and BPD with abuse potential. Until now, there has been no study to account for the co-occurrence of these risk factors in one analysis, although BPD and MDD are known as common sequelae of ELM. This is paired with a lack of studies investigating the effects of abuse potential on child well-being...
May 24, 2018: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792522/love-sex-and-personality-pathology-a-life-history-view-of-personality-pathologies-and-sociosexuality
#2
Peter K Jonason, Virgil Zeigler-Hill, Talia Hashmani
Love and sex are fundamental needs of most people, yet little research has examined such aspects of life in relation to personality pathologies. We examined the associations between pathological personality traits (i.e., negative affectivity, disinhibition, antagonism, psychoticism, and detachment) and sociosexuality (i.e., short-term mating orientation, long-term mating orientation, and sexual behavior) among 702 university students. In addition, we examined the mediating role of life history speed and tested whether sex moderated the associations that these pathological personality traits had with sociosexuality...
May 24, 2018: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791945/global-health-epilepsy
#3
Amza Ali
Epilepsy is a frequently misunderstood and highly stigmatized condition. Major treatment gaps exist across the world, most so in areas of financial constraint. Classification permits the best approaches to treatment and to ascertaining prognosis. The International League Against Epilepsy's new classification system emphasizes clinical aspects and utilizes all available resources to determine whether it is a focal or generalized epilepsy. The most important tools are a careful history, clinical examination, electroencephalography, and appropriate neuroimaging...
April 2018: Seminars in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791641/suicidal-ideation-and-attempt-of-older-women-in-northeastern-brazil
#4
Raimunda Magalhães da Silva, Girliani Silva de Sousa, Luiza Jane Eyre de Souza Vieira, José Manuel Peixoto Caldas, Maria Cecília de Souza Minayo
OBJECTIVE: to associate the life experiences of older women from the Northeast of Brazil with their suicidal ideation and attempts. METHOD: Qualitative study with fourteen older adults from Piripiri (PI), Teresina (PI), Fortaleza (CE) and Recife (PE) who were interviewed between November 2013 and July 2014. The organization of data originated the themes: experiences of abuse throughout their lives; marital fractures and social isolation; weakened motherhood. RESULTS: The women were born and lived most of their life in the countryside, amid poverty and social exclusion...
2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791304/common-pathways-to-nssi-and-suicide-ideation-the-roles-of-rumination-and-self-compassion
#5
Penelope Hasking, Mark E Boyes, Amy Finlay-Jones, Peter M McEvoy, Clare S Rees
OBJECTIVES: We investigated whether rumination and self-compassion moderate and/or mediate the relationships between negative affect and both non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) and suicide ideation. METHODS: Undergraduate university students (n = 415) completed well-validated measures of negative affect, rumination, self-compassion, NSSI, and suicide ideation. RESULTS: Neither rumination nor self-compassion moderated associations between negative affect and NSSI and suicide ideation...
May 23, 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791183/a-2-year-prospective-cohort-study-of-overuse-running-injuries-the-runners-and-injury-longitudinal-study-trails
#6
Stephen P Messier, David F Martin, Shannon L Mihalko, Edward Ip, Paul DeVita, D Wayne Cannon, Monica Love, Danielle Beringer, Santiago Saldana, Rebecca E Fellin, Joseph F Seay
BACKGROUND: The National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, noting flaws in previous running injury research, called for more rigorous prospective designs and comprehensive analyses to define the origin of running injuries. PURPOSE: To determine the risk factors that differentiate recreational runners who remain uninjured from those diagnosed with an overuse running injury during a 2-year observational period. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 2...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790578/mycorrhizal-fungi-affect-orchid-distribution-and-population-dynamics
#7
Melissa K McCormick, Dennis F Whigham, Armando Canchani-Viruet
Symbioses are ubiquitous in nature and influence individual plants and populations. Orchids have life history stages that depend fully or partially on fungi for carbon and other essential resources. As a result, orchid populations depend on the distribution of orchid mycorrhizal fungi (OMFs). We focused on evidence that local-scale distribution and population dynamics of orchids can be limited by the patchy distribution and abundance of OMFs, after an update of an earlier review confirmed that orchids are rarely limited by OMF distribution at geographic scales...
May 23, 2018: New Phytologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790246/a-review-of-predation-as-a-limiting-factor-for-bird-populations-in-mesopredator-rich-landscapes-a-case-study-of-the-uk
#8
Staffan Roos, Jennifer Smart, David W Gibbons, Jeremy D Wilson
The impact of increasing vertebrate predator numbers on bird populations is widely debated among the general public, game managers and conservationists across Europe. However, there are few systematic reviews of whether predation limits the population sizes of European bird species. Views on the impacts of predation are particularly polarised in the UK, probably because the UK has a globally exceptional culture of intensive, high-yield gamebird management where predator removal is the norm. In addition, most apex predators have been exterminated or much depleted in numbers, contributing to a widely held perception that the UK has high numbers of mesopredators...
May 22, 2018: Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790239/ocean-warming-has-a-greater-effect-than-acidification-on-the-early-life-history-development-and-swimming-performance-of-a-large-circumglobal-pelagic-fish
#9
Sue-Ann Watson, Bridie J M Allan, David E McQueen, Simon Nicol, Darren M Parsons, Stephen M J Pether, Stephen Pope, Alvin N Setiawan, Neville Smith, Carly Wilson, Philip L Munday
Ocean warming and acidification are serious threats to marine life; however, their individual and combined effects on large pelagic and predatory fishes are poorly understood. We determined the effects of projected future temperature and carbon dioxide (CO2 ) levels on survival, growth, morphological development and swimming performance on the early life stages of a large circumglobal pelagic fish, the yellowtail kingfish Seriola lalandi. Eggs, larvae and juveniles were reared in cross-factored treatments of temperature (21 and 25°C) and pCO2 (500 and 985 μatm) from fertilisation to 25 days post hatching (dph)...
May 22, 2018: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790171/individual-variation-population-specific-behaviours-and-stochastic-processes-shape-marine-migration-phenologies
#10
Cameron Freshwater, Marc Trudel, Terry D Beacham, Stéphane Gauthier, Stewart C Johnson, Chrys-Ellen Neville, Francis Juanes
1.The phenology of long distance migrations can influence individual fitness, moderate population dynamics, and regulate the availability of ecosystem services to other trophic levels. Phenology varies within and among populations, and can be influenced by conditions individuals experience both prior to departure and encounter en route. 2.Assessing how intrinsic and extrinsic factors (e.g. individual physical condition vs. environmental conditions) interact to influence variation in migratory phenologies across ecological scales is often limited due to logistical constraints associated with tracking large numbers of individuals from multiple populations simultaneously...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Animal Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790126/endocrinopathy-induced-euvolemic-hyponatremia
#11
Talia Diker-Cohen, Benaya Rozen-Zvi, Dana Yelin, Amit Akirov, Eyal Robenshtok, Anat Gafter-Gvili, Daniel Shepshelovich
Euvolemic hyponatremia results from either the syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion (SIADH), hypothyroidism, or adrenal insufficiency. Furthermore, the criteria for diagnosis of SIADH entail the exclusion of hypothyroidism and hypoadrenalism. We aim to assess the yield of euvolemic hyponatremia workup focusing on underlying endocrinopathies in a real-world setting. A single-center retrospective study includes all patients diagnosed with euvolemic hyponatremia in a tertiary hospital between 1...
May 22, 2018: Internal and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789922/temperature-affects-phenological-synchrony-in-a-tree-killing-bark-beetle
#12
J A Lombardo, A S Weed, C F Aoki, B T Sullivan, M P Ayres
Phenological synchrony can promote population growth in species with positive density dependence. Variation among life stages in the thermal thresholds for development can foster phenological synchrony under thermal regimes that include frequent occurrence of temperatures between developmental thresholds. The southern pine beetle is an insect with positive density dependence that has recently undergone important shifts in population abundance at the northern extremes of their distribution. We evaluated the hypothesis that cooler winter temperatures in their northern range cause a convergence of the population life stage structure that leads to synchrony in spring flight phenology...
May 22, 2018: Oecologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789897/-pilot-study-to-investigate-sleep-disorders-in-the-blind-and-persons-with-relevant-visual-impairment
#13
C Dirks, D Grünewald, P Young, A Heidbreder
BACKGROUND: Sleep disorders are associated with serious health problems in blind and visually impaired persons. Loss of light perception may result in a shift of sleep-wake pattern, which may lead to significant impairments in daily life--the so-called non-24-hour sleep-wake disorder. To date, epidemiologic data on non-24 only exist for the USA. This pilot study was conducted to provide first epidemiologic data for the prevalence of non-24 and other sleep disorders among blind and visually impaired persons in Germany...
May 22, 2018: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789576/ventral-striatal-response-during-decision-making-involving-risk-and-reward-is-associated-with-future-binge-drinking-in-adolescents
#14
Angelica M Morales, Scott A Jones, Alissa Ehlers, Jessye B Lavine, Bonnie J Nagel
Beginning to engage in heavy alcohol use during adolescence, as opposed to later in life, is associated with elevated risk for a variety of negative consequences, including the development of an alcohol use disorder. Behavioral studies suggest that poor decision making predicts alcohol use during adolescence; however, more research is needed to determine the neurobiological risk factors that underlie this association. Using functional magnetic resonance imaging, brain activation during decision making involving risk and reward was assessed in 47 adolescents (14-15 years old) with no significant history or alcohol or drug use...
May 7, 2018: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789455/map-changes-and-theme-evolution-in-work-hours-a-co-word-analysis
#15
Bei Liu, Hong Chen, Xinru Huang
(1) Background: Work hours are the basic carrier impacting employees' work⁻life experience and organizational performance, and employees have greater anxiety in relation to work hours as new technology requires an increasingly faster work rhythm. However, scientific research on this topic lags far behind the practice, calling to attention the need for research on work hours from the perspective of historical evolution; (2) Methods: The Bibliometric method is used to analyze the 6364 articles and their contained 77 high-frequency keywords related to work hours from the Web of Science published between 1901 and 2017...
May 22, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789347/scaling-of-avian-bipedal-locomotion-reveals-independent-effects-of-body-mass-and-leg-posture-on-gait
#16
REVIEW
Monica A Daley, Aleksandra Birn-Jeffery
Birds provide an interesting opportunity to study the relationships between body size, limb morphology and bipedal locomotor function. Birds are ecologically diverse and span a large range of body size and limb proportions, yet all use their hindlimbs for bipedal terrestrial locomotion, for at least some part of their life history. Here, we review the scaling of avian striding bipedal gaits to explore how body mass and leg morphology influence walking and running. We collate literature data from 21 species, spanning a 2500× range in body mass from painted quail to ostriches...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788547/premenopausal-women-with-recurrent-urinary-tract-infections-have-lower-quality-of-life
#17
Siobhan S Ennis, Huifang Guo, Lata Raman, Paul A Tambyah, Swaine L Chen, Ho Yee Tiong
OBJECTIVES: To examine the impact on quality of life of recurrent acute uncomplicated urinary tract infection among premenopausal Singaporean women, and to determine the risk factors for lower quality of life among these patients. METHODS: A total of 85 patients with recurrent acute uncomplicated urinary tract infection who were referred to the Urology Department at the National University Hospital, Singapore, were prospectively recruited over a 3-year period to complete the validated Short Form 36 Health Survey version 1...
May 22, 2018: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787832/a-comparative-study-of-quality-of-life-functional-and-bone-outcomes-in-osteogenesis-imperfecta-with-bisphosphonate-therapy-initiated-in-childhood-or-adulthood
#18
Andrew G Feehan, Margaret R Zacharin, Angelina S Lim, Peter J Simm
Bisphosphonates have been used for treatment of bone fragility disorders for over 25 years to increase bone mineral density (BMD). Anecdotally, bisphosphonate-treated Osteogenesis Imperfecta (OI) has a different trajectory to the natural history of untreated OI in terms of fracture incidence, quality of life and physical function, with minimal published evidence to support this clinical observation. This study describes functional outcomes of a cohort of adults with OI, stratified according to severity and treated with intravenous bisphosphonates as children...
May 19, 2018: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787323/the-role-of-vaccines-in-fighting-antimicrobial-resistance-amr
#19
Kathrin U Jansen, Annaliesa S Anderson
The problem of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) and the associated morbidity and mortality due to antibiotic resistant bacterial pathogens is not new. However, AMR has been increasing at an alarming rate with appearances of diseases caused by bacteria exhibiting resistance to not just one but multiple classes of antibiotics. The World Health Organization (WHO) supported by governments, health ministries and health agencies has formulated global action plans to combat the rise in AMR, supporting a number of proven initiatives such as antimicrobial stewardship, investments in development of new classes of antibiotics, and educational programs designed to eliminate inappropriate antibiotic use...
May 22, 2018: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786953/iatrogenic-botulism-outbreak-in-egypt-due-to-a-counterfeit-botulinum-toxin-a-preparation-a-descriptive-series-of-patient-features-and-outcome
#20
Eman Abdel Monaem Abdel Rashid, Nashwa Mohamed El-Mahdy, Huda Shehata Kharoub, Ahmed Salah Gouda, Naglaa Ahmed ElNabarawy, Bruno Mégarbane
Iatrogenic botulism resulting from the substantial increase in use of botulinum neurotoxin type-A (BoNT-A) treatment is rarely reported. We aimed to describe a large iatrogenic botulism outbreak in Egypt in June-July 2017. Nine patients developed botulism after receiving intramuscular injections of BoNT-A (dose: 200-300 IU) to treat cerebral palsy (N=7), spastic dystonia (N=1), and hyperhidrosis (N=1). Detailed findings were available in 5/9 cases. Patients were admitted to the hospital 5-10 days after the BoNT-A injection...
May 22, 2018: Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology
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