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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538923/policy-of-labor-management-and-health-education-a-progesus-experience
#1
Carinne Magnago, Celia Regina Pierantoni, Tania França, Swheelen de Paula Vieira, Rômulo Gonçalves de Miranda, Dayane Nunes Nascimento
Aim: To evaluate the stage of labor management and education policies in municipal and state health secretariats (SMS and SES, respectively), having as reference the adherence to a qualification and structuring program of work management and education in the Unified Health System. Method: A descriptive and quantitative study, developed with 519 representatives from the Human Resources (HR) area of SMS and SES, through a survey composed of 56 questions, via a computer-assisted telephone interview in 2012...
May 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538855/-methodology-for-estimating-total-direct-costs-of-comprehensive-care-for-non-communicable-diseases
#2
Nancy Castillo, Miguel Malo, Nilda Villacres, José Chauca, Víctor Cornetero, Karin Roedel de Flores, Rafaela Tapia, Raúl Ríos
RESUMEN Diseases like diabetes mellitus (DM) and hypertension (HT) generate high costs and are the most common cause of mortality in the Americas. In the case of Peru, given demographic and epidemiological changes, particularly the alarming increase in overweight and obesity, the burden of these diseases is constantly increasing, resulting in the need to budget more financial resources to the health services. The total care costs of these diseases and their complications represent a financial burden that should be considered very carefully by health institutions when they draft their budgets...
January 2017: Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538757/brazilian-cross-cultural-adaptation-and-validation-of-the-list-of-threatening-events-questionnaire-lte-q
#3
Patrícia B de Abreu, Hugo Cogo-Moreira, Regina A Pose, Ronaldo Laranjeira, Raul Caetano, Carolina M Gaya, Clarice S Madruga
Objective: To perform a construct validation of the List of Threatening Events Questionnaire (LTE-Q), as well as convergence validation by identifying its association with drug use in a sample of the Brazilian population. Methods: This is a secondary analysis of the Second Brazilian National Alcohol and Drugs Survey (II BNADS), which used a cross-cultural adaptation of the LTE-Q in a probabilistic sample of 4,607 participants aged 14 years and older. Latent class analysis was used to validate the latent trait adversity (which considered the number of events from the list of 12 item in the LTE experienced by the respondent in the previous year) and logistic regression was performed to find its association with binge drinking and cocaine use...
May 22, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538441/hyperlactatemia-lactate-kinetics-and-prediction-of-citrate-accumulation-in-critically-ill-patients-undergoing-continuous-renal-replacement-therapy-with-regional-citrate-anticoagulation
#4
Dmytro Khadzhynov, Annette Dahlinger, Christin Schelter, Harm Peters, Detlef Kindgen-Milles, Klemens Budde, Lukas Johannes Lehner, Fabian Halleck, Oliver Staeck, Torsten Slowinski
OBJECTIVES: Citrate accumulation is a major complication of regional citrate anticoagulation during continuous renal replacement therapy. We studied the prediction of citrate accumulation during continuous veno-venous hemodialysis with regional citrate anticoagulation by initial lactate concentrations and lactate kinetics. DESIGN: A retrospective follow-up analysis from a cohort of critically ill patients. SETTING: Mixed medical-surgical ICUs at a university hospital...
May 22, 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538237/update-on-postnatal-steroids
#5
Henry L Halliday
Antenatal steroid treatment to enhance fetal lung maturity and surfactant treatment to prevent or treat respiratory distress syndrome have been major advances in perinatal medicine in the past 40 years contributing to improved outcomes for preterm infants. Use of postnatal steroids to prevent or treat chronic lung disease in preterm infants has been less successful and associated with adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes. Although early (in the first week of life) postnatal steroid treatment facilitates earlier extubation and reduces the risk of chronic lung disease, it is associated with adverse effects, such as hyperglycemia, hypertension, gastrointestinal bleeding and perforation, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, growth failure, and cerebral palsy, and cannot be recommended...
2017: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538234/overview-of-lung-development-in-the-newborn-human
#6
David Warburton
In human neonates rapid adaptation from an aqueous intrauterine environment to permanent air breathing is the rate-limiting step for extrauterine life, failure of which justifies the existence of neonatal intensive care units. The lung develops at about 4-6 weeks' gestation in humans as a ventral outpouching of the primitive foregut into the surrounding ventral mesenchyme, termed the laryngotracheal groove. At its posterior end lie progenitor cells that form a pair of bronchial tubes, from which arise all the distal epithelial structures of the lung...
2017: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538157/cell-and-tissue-scale-forces-coregulate-fgfr2-dependent-tetrads-and-rosettes-in-the-mouse-embryo
#7
Jun Wen, Hirotaka Tao, Kimberly Lau, Haijiao Liu, Craig A Simmons, Yu Sun, Sevan Hopyan
What motivates animal cells to intercalate is a longstanding question that is fundamental to morphogenesis. A basic mode of cell rearrangement involves dynamic multicellular structures called tetrads and rosettes. The contribution of cell-intrinsic and tissue-scale forces to the formation and resolution of these structures remains unclear, especially in vertebrates. Here, we show that Fgfr2 regulates both the formation and resolution of tetrads and rosettes in the mouse embryo, possibly in part by spatially restricting atypical protein kinase C, a negative regulator of non-muscle myosin IIB...
May 23, 2017: Biophysical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537744/non-covalent-interactions-in-ir-catalyzed-c-h-activation-l-shaped-ligand-for-para-selective-borylation-of-aromatic-esters
#8
Md Emdadul Hoque, Ranjana Bisht, Chabush Haldar, Buddhadeb Chattopadhyay
An efficient strategy for the para-selective borylation of aromatic esters is described. For achieving high para selectivity, a new catalytic system has been developed modifying the core structure of the bipyridine. It has been proposed that the L-shaped ligand is essential to recognize the functionality of the oxygen atom of the ester carbonyl group via non-covalent interaction, which provides an unprecedented controlling factor for para selective C-H activation/borylation.
May 24, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535356/one-dimensional-carrier-confinement-in-giant-cds-cdse-excitonic-nanoshells
#9
Natalia Razgoniaeva, Pavel Moroz, Mingrui Yang, Darya S Budkina, Holly Eckard, Marissa Augspurger, Dmitriy Khon, Alexander N Tarnovsky, Mikhail Zamkov
The emerging generation of quantum dot optoelectronic devices offers an appealing prospect of a size-tunable band gap. The confinement-enabled control over electronic properties, however, requires nanoparticles to be sufficiently small, which leads to a large area of inter-particle boundaries in a film. Such interfaces lead to a high density of surface traps which ultimately increase the electrical resistance of a solid. To address this issue, we have developed an inverse energy-gradient core/shell architecture supporting the quantum confinement in nanoparticles larger than the exciton Bohr radius...
May 23, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534722/a-survey-of-established-veterinary-clinical-skills-laboratories-from-europe-and-north-america-present-practices-and-recent-developments
#10
Marc Dilly, Emma K Read, Sarah Baillie
Developing competence in clinical skills is important if graduates are to provide entry-level care but it is dependent on having had sufficient hands-on practice. Clinical skills laboratories provide opportunities for students to learn on simulators and models in a safe environment and to supplement training with animals. Interest in facilities for developing veterinary clinical skills has increased in recent years as many veterinary colleges face challenges in training their students with traditional methods alone...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534457/activation-of-cerebral-x-linked-adrenoleukodystrophy-after-head-trauma
#11
Adrian Budhram, Sachin K Pandey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 23, 2017: Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences. le Journal Canadien des Sciences Neurologiques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533802/interobserver-variations-of-target-volume-delineation-and-its-impact-on-irradiated-volume-in-accelerated-partial-breast-irradiation-with-intraoperative-interstitial-breast-implant
#12
Ritu Raj Upreti, Ashwini Budrukkar, Tabassum Wadasadawala, Shagun Misra, Lavanya Gurram, Rima Pathak, Deepak D Deshpande
PURPOSE: To investigate the interobserver variations in delineation of lumpectomy cavity (LC) and clinical target volume (CTV), and its impact on irradiated volume in accelerated partial breast irradiation using intraoperative multicatheter brachytherapy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Delineation of LC and CTV was done by five radiation oncologists on planning computed tomography (CT) scans of 20 patients with intraoperative interstitial breast implant. Cavity visualization index (CVI), four-point index ranging from (0 = poor) to (3 = excellent) was created and assigned by observers for each patient...
April 2017: Journal of Contemporary Brachytherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533418/hdac1-links-early-life-stress-to-schizophrenia-like-phenotypes
#13
Sanaz Bahari-Javan, Hristo Varbanov, Rashi Halder, Eva Benito, Lalit Kaurani, Susanne Burkhardt, Heike Anderson-Schmidt, Ion Anghelescu, Monika Budde, Roman M Stilling, Joan Costa, Juan Medina, Detlef E Dietrich, Christian Figge, Here Folkerts, Katrin Gade, Urs Heilbronner, Manfred Koller, Carsten Konrad, Sara Y Nussbeck, Harald Scherk, Carsten Spitzer, Sebastian Stierl, Judith Stöckel, Andreas Thiel, Martin von Hagen, Jörg Zimmermann, Antje Zitzelsberger, Sybille Schulz, Andrea Schmitt, Ivana Delalle, Peter Falkai, Thomas G Schulze, Alexander Dityatev, Farahnaz Sananbenesi, André Fischer
Schizophrenia is a devastating disease that arises on the background of genetic predisposition and environmental risk factors, such as early life stress (ELS). In this study, we show that ELS-induced schizophrenia-like phenotypes in mice correlate with a widespread increase of histone-deacetylase 1 (Hdac1) expression that is linked to altered DNA methylation. Hdac1 overexpression in neurons of the medial prefrontal cortex, but not in the dorsal or ventral hippocampus, mimics schizophrenia-like phenotypes induced by ELS...
May 22, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532581/unilateral-nasal-obstruction-induces-degeneration-of-fungiform-and-circumvallate-papillae-in-rats
#14
Jui-Chin Hsu, Ippei Watari, Yukiha Funaki, Satoshi Kokai, Takashi Ono
BACKGROUND: In clinical orthodontic treatment, chronic respiratory disturbance or mouth breathing has been concerned symptoms and screening criteria. In this study, to analyze the relation between nasal obstruction and taste sensing, a unilateral nasal obstruction model was performed to investigate the taste papillae and taste buds in rats. METHODS: Fourteen 6-day-old male Wistar rats were randomly divided into control and experimental groups (n = 7 each). The experimental group underwent unilateral nasal obstruction at 8 days of age...
May 19, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532414/association-between-body-mass-index-and-firmicutes-bacteroidetes-ratio-in-an-adult-ukrainian-population
#15
Alexander Koliada, Ganna Syzenko, Vladislav Moseiko, Liudmyla Budovska, Kostiantyn Puchkov, Vyacheslav Perederiy, Yuriy Gavalko, Andriy Dorofeyev, Maryana Romanenko, Sergiy Tkach, Lyudmila Sineok, Oleh Lushchak, Alexander Vaiserman
BACKGROUND: Metagenomic studies confirm that obesity is associated with a composition of gut microbiota. There are some controversies, however, about the composition of gut microbial communities in obese individuals in different populations. To examine the association between body mass index and microbiota composition in Ukrainian population, fecal concentrations of Bacteroidetes, Firmicutes, Actinobacteria and Firmicutes/Bacteroidetes (F/B) ratio were analyzed in 61 adult individuals...
May 22, 2017: BMC Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531966/how-do-disturbances-and-climate-effects-on-carbon-and-water-fluxes-differ-between-multi-aged-and-even-aged-coniferous-forests
#16
Xuguang Tang, Hengpeng Li, Mingguo Ma, Li Yao, Matthias Peichl, Altaf Arain, Xibao Xu, Michael Goulden
Disturbances and climatic changes significantly affect forest ecosystem productivity, water use efficiency (WUE) and carbon (C) flux dynamics. A deep understanding of terrestrial feedbacks to such effects and recovery mechanisms in forests across contrasting climatic regimes is essential to predict future regional/global C and water budgets, which are also closely related to the potential forest management decisions. However, the resilience of multi-aged and even-aged forests to disturbances has been debated for >60years because of technical measurement constraints...
May 18, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531649/a-bio-based-facile-approach-for-the-preparation-of-covalently-functionalized-carbon-nanotubes-aqueous-suspensions-and-their-potential-as-heat-transfer-fluids
#17
Rad Sadri, Maryam Hosseini, S N Kazi, Samira Bagheri, Nashrul Zubir, K H Solangi, Tuan Zaharinie, A Badarudin
In this study, we propose an innovative, bio-based, environmentally friendly approach for the covalent functionalization of multi-walled carbon nanotubes using clove buds. This approach is innovative because we do not use toxic and hazardous acids which are typically used in common carbon nanomaterial functionalization procedures. The MWCNTs are functionalized in one pot using a free radical grafting reaction. The clove-functionalized MWCNTs (CMWCNTs) are then dispersed in distilled water (DI water), producing a highly stable CMWCNT aqueous suspension...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531324/a-vignette-study-of-older-adults-preferences-for-intergenerational-transfers-in-the-context-of-competition-between-grandparents-and-grandchildren-in-rural-china
#18
Zhen Cong, Merril Silverstein
Objectives: The objective of this analysis was to examine older adults' preferences for economic support in the context of competition between grandparents and grandchildren for the middle generation's financial resources in rural China. Specifically, it examined how relative need, lineage, and gender of grandchildren depicted in a vignette were evaluated and how personal characteristics of the evaluators influenced beliefs for which generation should receive more support. Method: The sample consisted of 989 older adults participating in three waves of a longitudinal study in Anhui Province, China...
May 20, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531223/dengue-in-bali-clinical-characteristics-and-genetic-diversity-of-circulating-dengue-viruses
#19
Dewi Megawati, Sri Masyeni, Benediktus Yohan, Asri Lestarini, Rahma F Hayati, Febrina Meutiawati, Ketut Suryana, Tangking Widarsa, Dewa G Budiyasa, Ngurah Budiyasa, Khin S A Myint, R Tedjo Sasmono
A high number of dengue cases are reported annually in Bali. Despite the endemicity, limited data on dengue is available for Bali localities. Molecular surveillance study was conducted to explore the clinical and virological characteristics of dengue patients in urban Denpasar and rural Gianyar areas in Bali during the peak season in 2015. A total of 203 adult dengue-suspected patients were recruited in a prospective cross-sectional study. Demographic and clinical information were obtained, and dengue screening was performed using NS1 and IgM/IgG ELISAs...
May 22, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531120/antidiabetic-effects-of-tea
#20
REVIEW
Qiu-Yue Fu, Qing-Sheng Li, Xiao-Ming Lin, Ru-Ying Qiao, Rui Yang, Xu-Min Li, Zhan-Bo Dong, Li-Ping Xiang, Xin-Qiang Zheng, Jian-Liang Lu, Cong-Bo Yuan, Jian-Hui Ye, Yue-Rong Liang
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a chronic endocrine disease resulted from insulin secretory defect or insulin resistance and it is a leading cause of death around the world. The care of DM patients consumes a huge budget due to the high frequency of consultations and long hospitalizations, making DM a serious threat to both human health and global economies. Tea contains abundant polyphenols and caffeine which showed antidiabetic activity, so the development of antidiabetic medications from tea and its extracts is increasingly receiving attention...
May 20, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
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