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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749153/leadership-training-design-delivery-and-implementation-a-meta-analysis
#1
Christina N Lacerenza, Denise L Reyes, Shannon L Marlow, Dana L Joseph, Eduardo Salas
Recent estimates suggest that although a majority of funds in organizational training budgets tend to be allocated to leadership training (Ho, 2016; O'Leonard, 2014), only a small minority of organizations believe their leadership training programs are highly effective (Schwartz, Bersin, & Pelster, 2014), calling into question the effectiveness of current leadership development initiatives. To help address this issue, this meta-analysis estimates the extent to which leadership training is effective and identifies the conditions under which these programs are most effective...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749065/concise-review-the-high-cost-of-high-tech-medicine-planning-ahead-for-market-access
#2
REVIEW
Dawn Driscoll, Stephanie Farnia, Panos Kefalas, Richard T Maziarz
Cellular therapies and other regenerative medicines are emerging as potentially transformative additions to modern medicine, but likely at a staggering financial cost. Public health care systems' budgets are already strained by growing and aging populations, and many private insurer's budgets are equally stretched. The current systems that most payers employ to manage their cash flow are not structured to absorb a sudden onslaught of very expensive prescriptions for a large portion of their covered population...
August 2017: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749052/trump-s-abortion-promoting-aid-policy
#3
Stephen R Latham
On the fourth day of his presidency, Donald Trump reinstated and greatly expanded the "Mexico City policy," which imposes antiabortion restrictions on U.S. foreign health aid. In general, the policy has prohibited U.S. funding of any family-planning groups that use even non-U.S. funds to perform abortions; prohibited aid recipients from lobbying (again, even with non-U.S. money) for liberalization of abortion laws; prohibited nongovernment organizations from creating educational materials on abortion as a family-planning method; and prohibited health workers from referring patients for legal abortions in any cases other than rape, incest, or to save the life of the mother...
July 2017: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748952/budding-uk-innovation-agency-gains-cash-and-clout
#4
Elizabeth Gibney
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 25, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748924/significant-and-variable-linear-polarization-during-the-prompt-optical-flash-of-grb-160625b
#5
E Troja, V M Lipunov, C G Mundell, N R Butler, A M Watson, S Kobayashi, S B Cenko, F E Marshall, R Ricci, A Fruchter, M H Wieringa, E S Gorbovskoy, V Kornilov, A Kutyrev, W H Lee, V Toy, N V Tyurina, N M Budnev, D A H Buckley, J González, O Gress, A Horesh, M I Panasyuk, J X Prochaska, E Ramirez-Ruiz, R Rebolo Lopez, M G Richer, C Román-Zúñiga, M Serra-Ricart, V Yurkov, N Gehrels
Newly formed black holes of stellar mass launch collimated outflows (jets) of ionized matter that approach the speed of light. These outflows power prompt, brief and intense flashes of γ-rays known as γ-ray bursts (GRBs), followed by longer-lived afterglow radiation that is detected across the electromagnetic spectrum. Measuring the polarization of the observed GRB radiation provides a direct probe of the magnetic fields in the collimated jets. Rapid-response polarimetric observations of newly discovered bursts have probed the initial afterglow phase, and show that, minutes after the prompt emission has ended, the degree of linear polarization can be as high as 30 per cent-consistent with the idea that a stable, globally ordered magnetic field permeates the jet at large distances from the central source...
July 26, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748833/identification-and-characterization-of-differentially-expressed-genes-from-human-microglial-cell-samples-infected-with-japanese-encephalitis-virus
#6
Manoj Kumar Gupta, Santosh Kumar Behera, Budheswar Dehury, Namita Mahapatra
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Limited studies have been reported on Japanese encephalitis (JE) with reference to microarray data analysis. The present study involved an in silico approach for identification and characterization of differentially expressed genes in human microglial cell (CHME3) samples, infected with P20778 strain of Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV). METHODS: Gene expression data (GSE57330) belonging to mRNA expression profile of CHME3 cells infected with JEV, was downloaded from the gene expression omnibus (GEO) database, processed and normalized by robust multichip averaging (RMA) method using affy packages of R...
April 2017: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748727/silk-fabric-dyed-with-extract-of-sophora-flower-bud
#7
Su Yan, Shanshan Pan, Junling Ji
This study analysed the use of sophora flower bud extract for dyeing and the resulting colour character and fastness of dyed silk fabric. The pigment composition on the silk fabric and recycling of this extract were also studied. The results indicated that the dyed silk fabric possessed good washing, rubbing and perspiration fastness, and the pigment composition on the silk fabric was mainly rutin and quercetin. The average recovery rate of the dye was 55.00%. These results demonstrate that the sophora flower bud extract is an effective natural dye...
July 27, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748626/combining-bottom-up-and-top-down-approaches-to-assess-the-impact-of-food-and-gastric-ph-on-pictilisib-gdc-0941-pharmacokinetics
#8
Tong Lu, Grazyna Fraczkiewicz, Laurent Salphati, Nageshwar Budha, Gena Dalziel, Gillian S Smelick, Kari M Morrissey, John D Davis, Jin Y Jin, Joseph A Ware
Pictilisib, a weakly basic compound, is an orally administered, potent, and selective pan-inhibitor of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinases for oncology indications. To investigate the significance of high-fat food and gastric pH on pictilisib pharmacokinetics (PK) and enable label recommendations, a dedicated clinical study was conducted in healthy volunteers, whereby both top-down [Population PK, (PopPK)] and bottom-up [physiologically-based PK, (PBPK)] approaches were applied to enhance confidence of recommendation and facilitate the clinical development through scenario simulations...
July 27, 2017: CPT: Pharmacometrics & Systems Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748526/a-craniometric-analysis-of-early-modern-romania-and-hungary-the-roles-of-migration-and-conversion-in-shaping-european-ottoman-population-history
#9
Kathryn Grow Allen, Noreen von Cramon-Taubadel
OBJECTIVES: Debate persists regarding the biological makeup of European Ottoman communities settled during the expansion of the Ottoman Empire during the 16th and 17th centuries, and the roles of conversion and migration in shaping demography and population history. The aim of this study was to perform an assessment of the biological affinities of three European Ottoman series based on craniometric data. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Craniometric data collected from three Ottoman series from Hungary and Romania were compared to European and Anatolian comparative series, selected to represent biological affinity representative of historically recorded migration and conversion influences...
July 27, 2017: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748427/measurements-of-stem-diameter-implications-for-individual-and-stand-level-errors
#10
Keryn I Paul, John S Larmour, Stephen H Roxburgh, Jacqueline R England, Micah J Davies, Hamish D Luck
Stem diameter is one of the most common measurements made to assess the growth of woody vegetation, and the commercial and environmental benefits that it provides (e.g. wood or biomass products, carbon sequestration, landscape remediation). Yet inconsistency in its measurement is a continuing source of error in estimates of stand-scale measures such as basal area, biomass, and volume. Here we assessed errors in stem diameter measurement through repeated measurements of individual trees and shrubs of varying size and form (i...
August 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748403/evaluation-of-innotyper%C3%A2-21-in-a-sample-of-rio-de-janeiro-population-as-an-alternative-forensic-panel
#11
R S Moura-Neto, I C T Mello, R Silva, A P C Maette, C G Bottino, A Woerner, J King, F Wendt, B Budowle
The use of bi-allelic markers such as retrotransposable element insertion polymorphisms or Innuls (for insertion/null) can overcome some limitations of short tandem repeat (STR) loci in typing forensic biological evidence. This study investigated the efficiency of the InnoTyper® 21 Innul markers in an urban admixed population sample in Rio de Janeiro (n = 40) and one highly compromised sample collected as evidence by the Rio de Janeiro police. No significant departures from Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium were detected after the Bonferroni correction (α' ≈ 0...
July 26, 2017: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748187/de-novo-assembly-and-characterization-of-cajanus-scarabaeoides-l-thouars-transcriptome-by-paired-end-sequencing
#12
Deepti Nigam, Swati Saxena, G Ramakrishna, Archana Singh, N K Singh, Kishor Gaikwad
Pigeonpea [Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.] is a heat and drought resilient legume crop grown mostly in Asia and Africa. Pigeonpea is affected by various biotic (diseases and insect pests) and abiotic stresses (salinity and water logging) which limit the yield potential of this crop. However, resistance to all these constraints is not readily available in the cultivated genotypes and some of the wild relatives have been found to withstand these resistances. Thus, the utilization of crop wild relatives (CWR) in pigeonpea breeding has been effective in conferring resistance, quality and breeding efficiency traits to this crop...
2017: Frontiers in Molecular Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748021/an-evaluation-of-the-proposed-organisation-restructuring-at-kadoma-city-2015
#13
A Caroline Muringazuva, Daniel Chirundu, Shepherd Shamu, Gerald Shambira, Notion Gombe, Tsitsi Juru, Donewell Bangure, Mufuta Tshimanga
INTRODUCTION: Restructuring is the corporate management term for the act of reorganizing the legal, operational, or other structures of a company for the purpose of making it more profitable or better organized for its present needs. However, preparing an organization to accept and welcome any change is crucial. There is concern though over poor service delivery, untimely payment of workers, top management structure which is thought to be top heavy and employee costs taking (58%) of total expenditure...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747810/differences-in-social-preference-between-the-sexes-during-ontogeny-drive-segregation-in-a-precocial-species
#14
Mark A Whiteside, Jayden O van Horik, Ellis J G Langley, Christine E Beardsworth, Philippa R Laker, Joah R Madden
ABSTRACT: Hypotheses for why animals sexually segregate typically rely on adult traits, such as differences in sexual roles causing differential habitat preferences, or size dimorphism inducing differences in diet or behaviour. However, segregation can occur in juveniles before such roles or size dimorphism is well established. In young humans, leading hypotheses suggest that (1) sexes differ in their activity and the synchronisation of behaviour causes segregation and (2) sexes separate in order to learn and maximise future reproductive roles...
2017: Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747507/roles-of-cellular-nsf-protein-in-entry-and-nuclear-egress-of-budded-virions-of-autographa-californica-multiple-nucleopolyhedrovirus
#15
Ya Guo, Qi Yue, Jinli Gao, Zhe Wang, Yun-Ru Chen, Gary W Blissard, Tong-Xian Liu, Zhaofei Li
In eukaryotic cells, the soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor (NSF) attachment protein receptor (SNARE) proteins comprise the minimal machinery that triggers fusion of transport vesicles with their target membranes. Comparative studies revealed that genes encoding the components of the SNARE system are highly conserved in yeast, insect, and human genomes. Upon infection of insect cells by the virus AcMNPV, the transcript levels of most SNARE genes were initially up-regulated. We found that overexpression of dominant-negative (DN) forms of NSF or knock-down of the expression of NSF, the key regulator of the SNARE system, significantly affected the infectious AcMNPV production...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746949/-dislocation-of-the-pip-joint-treatment-of-a-common-ball-sports-injury
#16
Wibke Müller-Seubert, Gregor Bührer, Raymund E Horch
Background Fractures or fracture dislocations of the proximal interphalangeal joint often occur during sports or accidents. Dislocations of the PIP-joint are the most common ligamentary injuries of the hand. As this kind of injury is so frequent, hand surgeons and other physicians should be aware of the correct treatment. Objectives This paper summarises the most common injury patterns and the correct treatment of PIP-joint dislocations. Materials and Methods This paper reviews the current literature and describes the standardised treatment of PIP-joint dislocations...
July 26, 2017: Sportverletzung Sportschaden: Organ der Gesellschaft Für Orthopädisch-Traumatologische Sportmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746892/the-impact-of-two-large-floods-1993-1994-on-sediment-deposition-in-the-rh%C3%A3-ne-delta-implications-for-sustainable-management
#17
Didier Pont, John W Day, Carles Ibáñez
In October 1993 and January 1994, two large floods with peak discharge of 9800 and 10,980m(3)/s and total suspended solid transport of 10.7×10(6) and 9.7×10(6) tons, respectively, occurred on the Rhône River. Both floods led to multiple levee breeches in the Northern part of the delta resulting in the introduction of 131×10(6) and 54.9×10(6)m(3) of river water, respectively. In both cases, the flood water drained to the southern lagoons and was partly pumped directly back to the Rhône or to the sea. Most of the 390,000 tons of sediment introduced remained in the Northern inundated area with accretion ranging from 70mm near the breaches to 4mm 6-8km away...
July 23, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746554/phenological-characterization-and-temperature-requirements-of-annona-squamosa-l-in-the-brazilian-semiarid-region
#18
Débora S Mendes, Marlon C T Pereira, Silvia Nietsche, Joseilton F Silva, Josiele S Rocha, Athos H Mendes, Helisson R A Xavier, Rayane C Dos Santos
The phenological growth stages of various species of monocotyledonous and dicotyledonous plants can be uniformly coded using the Biologische Bundesanstalt, Bundessortenamt, und Chemische Industrie (BBCH) scale. The aim of the present study was to determine the duration of different phenological stages and the temperature requirements of the sugar-apple, Annona squamosa, during two crop cycles in the semiarid region of Brazil. Phenological stages were divided into eight of ten possible principal stages: (0) bud development, (1) leaf development, (3) shoot/branch development, (5) inflorescence emergence, (6) flowering, (7) fruit development, (8) fruit maturity and (9) senescence and the beginning of dormancy...
July 20, 2017: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746404/pitx1-determines-characteristic-hindlimb-morphologies-in-cartilage-micromass-culture
#19
Natalie C Butterfield, Chen Qian, Malcolm P O Logan
The shapes of homologous skeletal elements in the vertebrate forelimb and hindlimb are distinct, with each element exquisitely adapted to their divergent functions. Many of the signals and signalling pathways responsible for patterning the developing limb bud are common to both forelimb and hindlimb. How disparate morphologies are generated from common signalling inputs during limb development remains poorly understood. We show that, similar to what has been shown in the chick, characteristic differences in mouse forelimb and hindlimb cartilage morphology are maintained when chondrogenesis proceeds in vitro away from the endogenous limb bud environment...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746291/state-of-the-plastic-surgery-workforce-and-the-impact-of-graduate-medical-education-reform-on-training-of-plastic-surgeons
#20
Lindsay Janes, Steven T Lanier, Gregory R D Evans, Steven J Kasten, Keith M Hume, Arun K Gosain
BACKGROUND: Although recent estimates predict a large impending shortage of plastic surgeons, graduate medical education funding through the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services remains capped by the 1997 Balanced Budget Act. The authors' aim was to develop a plan to stimulate legislative action. METHODS: The authors reviewed responses of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons, American College of Surgeons, and American Medical Association from January of 2015 to a House Energy & Commerce Committee request for input on graduate medical education funding...
August 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
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