keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Prison

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078741/effect-of-an-art-brut-therapy-program-called-go-beyond-the-schizophrenia-gbts-on-prison-inmates-with-schizophrenia-in-mainland-china-a-randomized-longitudinal-and-controlled-trial
#1
Hong-Zhong Qiu, Zeng-Jie Ye, Mu-Zi Liang, Yue-Qun Huang, Wei Liu, Zhi-Dong Lu
: Creative arts therapies are proven to promote an interconnection between body and mind, but there are major obstacles for providing therapeutic services in prisons due to inmates' inherent mistrust for verbal disclosure and rigid self-defenses, especially among inmates with schizophrenia. Thus, we developed a structured and quantitative art brut therapy program called go beyond the schizophrenia to actually measure the benefits of art therapy on prison inmates in mainland China. Upon completion of the program, the intervention group reported a decrease in anxiety, depression, anger, and negative psychiatric symptoms and showed better compliance with rules, socialization with peers, compliance with medications, and regular sleeping patterns after 16 weekly sessions of go beyond the schizophrenia...
January 12, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075297/physical-health-of-people-in-prison
#2
Lynne Pearce
Essential facts Since 2013, NHS England has commissioned health services for prisoners in England. The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) says health care in prison plays an important role in identifying health needs, including chronic conditions.
January 11, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073322/effects-of-group-focused-cognitive-behavioral-coaching-program-on-depressive-symptoms-in-a-sample-of-inmates-in-a-nigerian-prison
#3
Chiedu Eseadi, Mabel A Obidoa, Shulamite E Ogbuabor, Amaka B Ikechukwu-Ilomuanya
This study investigated the effects that a group-focused cognitive-behavioral coaching program had on depressive symptoms of a sample of inmates from Nsukka Prisons, Enugu State, Nigeria. The design of the study was pretest-posttest control group . The participants were 30 male inmates, experiencing high levels of depressive symptoms, and randomly assigned to treatment and control groups. The primary outcome measure was depression symptoms as measured using Beck's Depression Inventory. Repeated-measures ANOVA and the Mann-Whitney U Test were used for data analysis...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072681/effects-of-a-group-focused-cognitive-behavioral-health-education-program-on-cigarette-smoking-in-a-sample-of-nigerian-prisoners
#4
Kay C N Onyechi, Chiedu Eseadi, Prince C I Umoke, Amaka B Ikechukwu-Ilomuanya, Mkpoikanke S Otu, Jaachimma C Obidoa, Fedinand U Agu, Okechukwu O Nwaubani, Anthonia N Utoh-Ofong, Chijioke D Ncheke, Felix O Ugwuozor
BACKGROUND: Smoking is a learned habit that has an impact on the psychological and biochemical health of individuals. It is the leading preventable cause of chronic illness worldwide. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a group-focused cognitive behavioral health education program (GCBHEP) on cigarette smoking in a sample of Nigerian prisoners. METHODS: The study used a pretest-posttest randomized control group design. Twenty inmates were identified through self-reporting, 1-to-1 counseling, and observation...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071646/reinforcement-learning-accounts-for-moody-conditional-cooperation-behavior-experimental-results
#5
Yutaka Horita, Masanori Takezawa, Keigo Inukai, Toshimasa Kita, Naoki Masuda
In social dilemma games, human participants often show conditional cooperation (CC) behavior or its variant called moody conditional cooperation (MCC), with which they basically tend to cooperate when many other peers have previously cooperated. Recent computational studies showed that CC and MCC behavioral patterns could be explained by reinforcement learning. In the present study, we use a repeated multiplayer prisoner's dilemma game and the repeated public goods game played by human participants to examine whether MCC is observed across different types of game and the possibility that reinforcement learning explains observed behavior...
January 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069916/flight-lieutenant-peach-s-observations-on-burning-feet-syndrome-in-far-eastern-prisoners-of-war-1942-45
#6
N T Roocroft, E Mayhew, M Parkes, W A Frankland, G V Gill, D Bouhassira, A S C Rice
INTRODUCTION: 'Burning Feet Syndrome' affected up to one third of Far Eastern Prisoners of War in World War 2. Recently discovered medical records, produced by RAF Medical Officer Nowell Peach whilst in captivity, are the first to detail neurological examinations of patients with this condition. METHODS: The 54 sets of case notes produced at the time were analysed using modern diagnostic criteria to determine if the syndrome can be retrospectively classed as neuropathic pain...
November 15, 2016: QJM: Monthly Journal of the Association of Physicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069448/interaction-times-change-evolutionary-outcomes-two-player-matrix-games
#7
Vlastimil Křivan, Ross Cressman
Two most influential models of evolutionary game theory are the Hawk-Dove and Prisoner's dilemma models. The Hawk-Dove model explains evolution of aggressiveness, predicting individuals should be aggressive when the cost of fighting is lower than its benefit. As the cost of aggressiveness increases and outweighs benefits, aggressiveness in the population should decrease. Similarly, the Prisoner's dilemma models evolution of cooperation. It predicts that individuals should never cooperate despite cooperation leading to a higher collective fitness than defection...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Theoretical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060860/prevalence-and-incidence-of-hcv-infection-among-prisoners-in-central-brazil
#8
Marco Antonio Moreira Puga, Larissa Melo Bandeira, Mauricio Antonio Pompilio, Julio Croda, Grazielli Rocha de Rezende, Luiz Fernando Paiva Dorisbor, Tayana Serpa Ortiz Tanaka, Gabriela Alves Cesar, Sheila Araújo Teles, Simone Simionatto, Alisson Richard Teixeira Novais, Bruna Nepomuceno, Lisie Souza Castro, Barbara Vieira do Lago, Ana Rita Coimbra Motta-Castro
The aim of this multicenter, cross sectional study was to assess the prevalence, incidence and associated risk factors among incarcerated populations from twelve Brazilian prisons. The total of 3,368 individuals from twelve prisons was randomly recruited between March 2013 and March 2014. Participants were interviewed, and provided blood samples which were tested for antibodies to Hepatitis C (HCV ab). One year after the first investigation, a cohort study was conducted with 1,656 inmates who participated the cross sectional study...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057881/giovanni-battista-piranesi-imaginary-prisons-carceri-d-invenzione-plate-vii-the-well-1760
#9
Mike McKiernan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056999/aboriginal-and-non-aboriginal-australian-former-prisoners-patterns-of-morbidity-and-risk-of-hospitalisation
#10
Jane E Lloyd, Elizabeth McEntyre, Eileen Baldry, Julian Trofimovos, Devon Indig, Penelope Abbott, Jennifer Reath, Kathy Malera-Bandjalan, Mark F Harris
BACKGROUND: People who have been in custody are more likely to experience multiple, long standing health issues. They are at high risk of illness and injury post release and experience poor access to health services both of which contribute to high rates of recidivism. The study was conducted to examine Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal former prisoners' risk of hospitalisation and rehospitalisation in the five years post release from custody and identified the common reasons for hospitalisations...
January 5, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056003/notes-from-the-field-botulism-outbreak-from-drinking-prison-made-illicit-alcohol-in-a-federal-correctional-facility-mississippi-june-2016
#11
Lindsey McCrickard, Mariel Marlow, Julie L Self, Louise Francois Watkins, Kevin Chatham-Stephens, Jannifer Anderson, Sheryl Hand, Kathryn Taylor, Jennifer Hanson, Keiundria Patrick, Carolina Luquez, Janet Dykes, Suzanne R Kalb, Kaitlin Hoyt, John R Barr, Todd Crawford, Anthony Chambers, Brian Douthit, Robert Cox, Matt Craig, John Spurzem, Joseph Doherty, Michael Allswede, Paul Byers, Thomas Dobbs
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 6, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054417/aboriginal-prisoners-and-cognitive-impairment-the-impact-of-dual-disadvantage-on-social-and-emotional-wellbeing
#12
S M Shepherd, J R P Ogloff, D Shea, J E Pfeifer, Y Paradies
BACKGROUND: Negligible information is available regarding the Social and Emotional Wellbeing (SEWB) needs of Aboriginal Australian individuals in custody with cognitive impairment. This is problematic given that Aboriginal people with cognitive impairment often experience dual disadvantage in the context of the justice system. This study sought to ascertain the relationship between cognitive impairment and mental health/cultural needs (SEWB) Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in custody...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053362/cost-effectiveness-of-screening-for-active-cases-of-tuberculosis-in-flanders-belgium
#13
G Suzanne A Smit, Ludwig Apers, Wouter Arrazola de Onate, Philippe Beutels, Pierre Dorny, An-Marie Forier, Kristien Janssens, Jean Macq, Ruud Mak, Sandrina Schol, Dirk Wildemeersch, Niko Speybroeck, Brecht Devleesschauwer
OBJECTIVE: To assess the cost-effectiveness of the tuberculosis screening activities currently funded by the Flemish government in Flanders, Belgium. METHODS: After estimating the expenses for 2013-2014 of each of nine screening components - which include high-risk groups, contacts and people who are seeking tuberculosis consultation at a centre for respiratory health care - and the associated costs per active case of tuberculosis identified between 2007 and 2014, we compared the cost-effectiveness of each component...
January 1, 2017: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043614/multidrug-resistant-tuberculosis-the-problem-and-some-priorities-in-controlling-it
#14
Sven Hoffner
Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB), and even more severe forms of drug resistance, cause significant problems and costs for national TB control programs and constitutes an increasing public health concern globally. In parts of the former Soviet Union, the prevalence of MDR-TB is as high as 50% and one third of all newly detected TB patients are infected with MDR strains. Such strains transmit and certain MDR-TB clones constitute an important part of the problem, especially in high MDR-TB burden areas...
December 2016: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043518/tuberculosis-in-vulnerable-populations-in-eastern-mediterranean-region-implications-for-control
#15
Sadia Shakoor, Rumina Hasan
AIMS & OBJECTIVES: Socially and economically disadvantaged or "vulnerable" people are at high risk of tuberculosis (TB) and also contribute to active chains of TB transmission. Included in such vulnerable populations are children, women, prisoners, people living with human immunodeficiency virus, the homeless, and displaced people. The ongoing active transmission of TB among such populations is made more difficult to assess and control by difficult access, health inequities, poverty, and other chronic and debilitating health conditions at individual, domestic, and community levels...
December 2016: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030604/burden-and-determinants-of-smoking-among-prisoners-with-respiratory-tract-infection-a-cross-sectional-study-of-nine-major-prison-setups-in-northern-ethiopia
#16
Semaw Ferede Abera, Kelemework Adane
BACKGROUND: Morbidity, mortality and a wide range of associated risk factors are disproportionately clustered among prisoners compared to the general population. Smoking is one of the risk factors for the increased burden of unfavorable health outcomes particularly among prisoners. However, little is known about the level and determinants of smoking among the incarcerated population in Ethiopia. METHODS: We collected data from 738 prisoners in nine major prison setups in Tigray region by nurses and clinical officers...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027710/prison-experience-and-reoffending
#17
Ming-Li Hsieh, Zachary Hamilton, Kristen M Zgoba
Given that sex offenders have been found to serve longer prison terms compared with other types of violent criminals, it has been suggested that the influence of imprisonment may impact subsequent reoffending. However, institutional factors are often overlooked in risk assessment studies and very few risk assessment instruments include institutional items within their models. The current study explores prison experience explanations for recidivism among convicted sex offenders and indicates that, with respect to time served, both institutional treatment and institutional infractions demonstrate a significant impact...
December 1, 2016: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027663/hiv-risk-inside-u-s-prisons-a-systematic-review-of-risk-reduction-interventions-conducted-in-u-s-prisons
#18
Pamela Valera, Yvonne Chang, Zi Lian
HIV prevalence in correctional populations is approximately five times that of the general adult population. This systematic review examines the broad question of HIV prevention and interventions to reduce inmate HIV-related risk behaviors in U.S. federal and state prisons. We conducted a systematic review of multiple databases and Google Scholar to identify behavioral, biomedical, social, and policy studies related to HIV among U.S. prison populations from 1980-2014. Studies were excluded if they did not focus on HIV, prison inmates, if they were conducted outside of the U...
December 27, 2016: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027027/estimating-state-transitions-for-opioid-use-disorders
#19
Emanuel Krebs, Jeong E Min, Elizabeth Evans, Libo Li, Lei Liu, David Huang, Darren Urada, Thomas Kerr, Yih-Ing Hser, Bohdan Nosyk
AIM: The aim was to estimate transitions between periods in and out of treatment, incarceration, and legal supervision, for prescription opioid (PO) and heroin users. METHODS: We captured all individuals admitted for the first time for publicly funded treatment for opioid use disorder (OUD) in California (2006 to 2010) with linked mortality and criminal justice data. We used Cox proportional hazards and competing risks models to assess the effect of primary PO use (v...
December 1, 2016: Medical Decision Making: An International Journal of the Society for Medical Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025726/management-of-hcv-infection-in-the-penitentiary-setting-in-the-direct-acting-antivirals-era-practical-recommendations-from-an-expert-panel
#20
REVIEW
Ranieri Roberto, Starnini Giulio, Carbonara Sergio, Pontali Emanuele, Leo Guido, Romano Antonio, Panese Sandro, Monarca Roberto, Prestileo Tullio, Barbarini Giorgio, Babudieri Sergio
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of HCV infection is higher among prisoners than in the general population. The introduction of HCV direct-acting antivirals (DAA) holds the potential to improve clinical outcomes also in inmates. However, treatment of hepatitis C in inmates has to face several clinical and logistical issues which are peculiar of prison environment. Recommendations on the management of HCV infection specific for the penitentiary setting in the DAA era remain scant. The Italian Society for Penitentiary Medicine and Healthcare has, therefore, issued these recommendations, to provide clinicians with a guide for the comprehensive management of HCV infection in the restriction setting, taking into account its peculiar characteristics...
December 26, 2016: Infection
keyword
keyword
2384
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"