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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921637/facets-of-psychopathy-in-relation-to-trauma-exposure-and-posttraumatic-stress-symptomology-in-a-sample-of-incarcerated-male-offenders
#1
Russell Woodfield, Katie Dhingra, Daniel Boduszek, Agata Debowska
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to investigate the moderating role of psychopathy facets on the relationship between traumatic exposure and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptomology. Design/methodology/approach Participants were male prisoners incarcerated in the UK. Findings The analysis revealed differential associations between the two facets of psychopathy, with potentially traumatic events and symptoms of PTSD. Specifically, neither primary psychopathy nor trauma exposure were significantly related to PTSD, while secondary psychopathy was positively and significantly related with PTSD symptoms...
December 19, 2016: International Journal of Prisoner Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921636/counterintuitive-findings-from-a-qualitative-study-of-mental-health-in-english-women-s-prisons
#2
Laura S Caulfield
Purpose Large numbers of women in prison report significant emotional and mental health problems, and there is evidence to suggest that the prison environment may exacerbate the incidence and severity of these issues (Armour, 2012). However, there has been limited exploration of the extent to which women's mental health problems exist prior to incarceration, whether symptoms first occur in incarceration, and how incarceration affects this. The paper aims to discuss these issues. Design/methodology/approach In-depth interviews were conducted with 43 women incarcerated in three English prisons and a thematic analysis of the data was conducted...
December 19, 2016: International Journal of Prisoner Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921635/a-literature-based-intervention-for-women-prisoners-preliminary-findings
#3
Josie Billington, Eleanor Longden, Jude Robinson
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to investigate whether Shared Reading (SR), a specific literature-based intervention, is transposable to a prison context and whether mental health benefits identified in other custodial and non-custodial settings were reported by women prisoners. Design/methodology/approach In all, 35 participants were recruited within an all-female maximum security prison and attended one of two weekly reading groups. Qualitative data were collected through researcher observation of the reading groups; interviews and focus group discussions with participants and prison staff; interviews with the project worker leading the reading groups; and a review of records kept by the latter during group sessions...
December 19, 2016: International Journal of Prisoner Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921634/smoking-cessation-in-smoke-free-prisons-a-grounded-theory-study
#4
Ashleigh Djachenko, Winsome St John, Creina Mitchell
Purpose Prisoners are vulnerable to tobacco addiction and have a smoking prevalence significantly higher than that of the general community. The context of this study was the implementation of a "smoke-free prisons" policy, which imposed forced smoking cessation onto the Queensland, Australian prison population. The study asked the question: "What are the psychosocial processes in which male prisoners engage during smoking cessation in a smoke-free environment?" Design/methodology/approach Qualitative interviews were conducted with 15 prisoners in South-east Queensland smoke-free correctional centres...
December 19, 2016: International Journal of Prisoner Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921633/healthcare-resources-are-inadequate-to-address-the-burden-of-illness-among-hiv-infected-male-prisoners-in-malaysia
#5
Joseph Bick, Gabriel Culbert, Haider A Al-Darraji, Clayton Koh, Veena Pillai, Adeeba Kamarulzaman, Frederick Altice
Purpose Criminalization of drug use in Malaysia has concentrated people who inject drugs (PWID) and people living with HIV into prisons where health services are minimal and HIV-related mortality is high. Few studies have comprehensively assessed the complex health needs of this population. The paper aims to discuss these issues. Design/methodology/approach From October 2012 through March 2013, 221 sequentially selected HIV-infected male prisoners underwent a comprehensive health assessment that included a structured history, physical examination, and clinically indicated diagnostic studies...
December 19, 2016: International Journal of Prisoner Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918879/auditory-hallucinations-and-ptsd-in-ex-pows
#6
Laura Crompton, Yael Lahav, Zahava Solomon
Literature has suggested that auditory hallucinations might be prevalent in the general population and could be linked to the experience of trauma. This prospective study examines the prevalence of auditory hallucinations in trauma survivors and its association with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, over time. Former prisoners-of-war (ex-POWs) from the 1973 Yom Kippur War (n = 99) with and without PTSD and comparable veterans (n = 103) were assessed twice, in 1991 (T1) and 2003 (T2) in regards to auditory hallucinations and PTSD symptoms...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918842/collaborative-practices-between-correctional-and-mental-health-services-in-norway-expanding-the-roles-and-responsibility-competence-domain
#7
Sarah Hean, Elisabeth Willumsen, Atle Ødegård
Internationally, mental illness is high in prison populations. Collaboration between the correctional services (CS) and mental health services (MHS) is required to address this. Little is known of the collaborative processes in this context, however. This article presents the findings of a study exploring the characteristics of collaborative practices between the MHS and CS in a Norwegian context. A purposeful sample (n = 12) of MHS and CS leaders was recruited from one region in Norway. Taking a generic qualitative approach, semi-structured interviews with each participant explored specific structures that promoted collaboration, the nature of collaborative relationships, and factors that facilitated or constrained these...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918186/prison-break-karl-menninger-s-the-crime-of-punishment-and-its-reception-in-u-s-psychology
#8
David C Devonis, Jessica Triggs
In 1968, Karl Menninger, a highly visible and vocal U.S. psychiatrist, published a call to action on prison reform, The Crime of Punishment (Menninger, 1966/1968). This widely circulated book's central idea is that punishment as practiced in penal settings is an injustice amounting to a crime. At the outset, The Crime of Punishment quickly achieved national attention. Within mainstream psychology, its antipunishment message encountered a changed climate in which punishment, thought ineffective during the period 1930 through 1960, was redefined as an effective component in learning...
December 5, 2016: History of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915259/-standing-outside-the-junkie-door-service-users-experiences-of-using-community-pharmacies-to-access-treatment-for-opioid-dependency
#9
Andrew Radley, Karen Melville, Phyllis Easton, Brian Williams, John F Dillon
AIM: To explore experiences of service users attending a community pharmacy to receive opiate replacement therapy (ORT). METHOD: Qualitative study involving seven focus groups undertaken within care centres and prison educational centre in Tayside, Scotland using 41 participants. Thematic analysis undertaken of experiences of different groups of service users and carers. RESULTS: Participants described the social context surrounding attendance at community pharmacies...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915076/men-presenting-with-sexual-thoughts-of-children-or-coercion-flights-of-fancy-or-plans-for-crime
#10
Tamara Turner-Moore, Mitch Waterman
INTRODUCTION: There is limited evaluation of clinical and theoretical claims that sexual thoughts of children and coercing others facilitate sexual offending. The nature of these thoughts (what they contain) also is unknown. AIM: To examine the relation between child or coercive sexual thoughts and sexual offending and to determine the nature of these thoughts and any differences among sexual offending (SO), non-sexual offending (NSO), and non-offending (NO) men...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915074/evolutionary-stability-for-matrix-games-under-time-constraints
#11
József Garay, Villő Csiszár, Tamás F Móri
Game theory focuses on payoffs and typically ignores time constraints that play an important role in evolutionary processes where the repetition of games can depend on the strategies, too. We introduce a matrix game under time constraints, where each pairwise interaction has two consequences: both players receive a payoff and they cannot play the next game for a specified time duration. Thus our model is defined by two matrices: a payoff matrix and an average time duration matrix. Maynard Smith's concept of evolutionary stability is extended to this class of games...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Theoretical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907024/utility-evaluation-based-on-one-to-n-mapping-in-the-prisoner-s-dilemma-game-for-interdependent-networks
#12
Juan Wang, Wenwen Lu, Lina Liu, Li Li, Chengyi Xia
In the field of evolutionary game theory, network reciprocity has become an important means to promote the level of promotion within the population system. Recently, the interdependency provides a novel perspective to understand the widespread cooperation behavior in many real-world systems. In previous works, interdependency is often built from the direct or indirect connections between two networks through the one-to-one mapping mode. However, under many realistic scenarios, players may need much more information from many neighboring agents so as to make a more rational decision...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905227/a-practical-guide-to-forensic-nursing-amar-angela-f-and-sekula-l-kathleen-a-practical-guide-to-forensic-nursing-392pp-%C3%A2-38-85-sigma-theta-tau-international-kindle-edition-9781940446349-1940446341-formula-see-text
#13
(no author information available yet)
This fascinating publication describes in depth the roles and responsibilities of forensic nurses in the US, who are often involved in the scientific investigation of violent and sexual crimes. However, these duties differ from those of nurses in forensic or secure settings in the UK, who work primarily with offenders who have mental health problems and who are in hospital, prison or police cells.
December 1, 2016: Nursing Management (Harrow)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903880/aging-prisoners-views-on-healthcare-services-in-swiss-prisons
#14
Serena Galli, Wiebke Bretschneider, Bernice Simone Elger, Violet Handtke, David Shaw
OBJECTIVE: Due to the higher morbidity prevalent in the increasing older population, prisons are facing new challenges on a structural, ethical, and financial level. This study's goal was to explore older prisoners' views and experiences regarding the quality of medical services. METHOD: In this qualitative study, 35 semi-structured interviews were conducted with older inmates aged 50 years and above in 12 different prisons in the German-speaking (23 interviews) and the French-speaking parts (12 interviews) of Switzerland...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902158/we-must-strengthen-our-fight-for-a-safer-nhs
#15
Susan Osborne
On 15 November, up to 10,000 prison officers in England and Wales stopped work in protest against staffing cuts that have caused deterioration of safety in prisons, putting staff and prisoners at risk.
November 30, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900592/tuberculosis-among-incarcerated-hispanic-persons-in-the-united-states-1993-2014
#16
Godwin Mindra, Jonathan M Wortham, Maryam B Haddad, Jorge L Salinas, Krista M Powell, Lori R Armstrong
We examined the National tuberculosis surveillance system to describe Hispanic persons who were incarcerated at time of tuberculosis (TB) diagnosis and to compare their characteristics with those of non-Hispanic incarcerated TB patients. After declines between 1993 and 2002, the annual proportion of Hispanic TB patients who were incarcerated grew from 4.9% in 2003 to 8.4% in 2014. During 2003-2014, 19% of incarcerated US-born TB patients were Hispanic, and 86% of the foreign-born were Hispanic. Most incarcerated TB patients were in local jails, but about a third of all foreign-born Hispanics were in the facility category that includes Immigration and Customs Enforcement detention centers...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899902/aggressive-antisocial-behaviors-are-related-to-character-maturity-in-young-swedish-violent-offenders-independent-of-adhd
#17
Thomas Nilsson, Örjan Falk, Eva Billstedt, Nóra Kerekes, Henrik Anckarsäter, Märta Wallinius, Björn Hofvander
BACKGROUND: Antisocial personality and psychopathic traits have constantly been found to accompany criminal and aggressive behaviors, but little attention has been given to aspects of character maturity and its relation to such behaviors. The present study investigated (1) whether level of character maturity (low, medium, and high) is associated with amount of aggressive antisocial behaviors (AABs) and psychopathic traits in young men imprisoned for violent criminality, and (2) whether such an association is independent of coexisting attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)...
2016: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897779/gold-award-for-prison-health-team
#18
(no author information available yet)
A team from HM Prison Norwich has received the Gold Standards Framework Quality Hallmark Award - the first national recognition of care provided to prisoners in the final months of their lives.
November 16, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894904/from-niche-to-stigma-headshops-to-prison-exploring-the-rise-and-fall-of-synthetic-cannabinoid-use-among-young-adults
#19
Shane Blackman, Rick Bradley
The aim of this paper will be to consider the rise and subsequent fall in NPS use at national and local level with a focus on synthetic cannabinoid products in Kent. We will examine the local practice and policy responses by Kent's Young Persons' Drug and Alcohol Service towards a possible change in patterns of NPS drug consumption. The county has seen an expansion in the number of Headshops and we present local media coverage on NPS, and the Trading Standards and Kent Police intervention Operation Lantern to regulate Headshops...
November 25, 2016: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878907/from-childhood-trauma-to-self-harm-an-investigation-of-theoretical-pathways-among-female-prisoners
#20
Ruth Howard, Thanos Karatzias, Kevin Power, Adam Mahoney
BACKGROUND: Despite empirical evidence suggesting complex associations between childhood trauma and self-harm, there is a dearth of research investigating this association in the female prison population. The current study explored pathways to self-harm following childhood trauma, by investigating the mediating roles of Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) symptoms, emotion regulation and dissociation, in this relationship, within a sample of 89 female prisoners. METHODS: Cross-sectional, interview-format, questionnaire study within a female prison population...
November 22, 2016: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
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