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Gabriele Tonni, Rodrigo Ruano, Renato Sà, Fernando Maia Peixoto Filho, Jorge Lopes, Heron Werner
INTRODUCTION: Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is a life-threatening event in severe forms and fetuses affected may benefit from in utero treatment by fetoscopic endotracheal occlusion (FETO). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Application of 3D virtual bronchoscopy in a case of severe, isolated, left CDH before performing FETO procedure at 27 week's gestation is reported. RESULTS: The 3D virtual imaging of the fetal trachea was technically useful in planning the real FETO procedure...
April 2018: Fetal and Pediatric Pathology
Ravish Manmohan Kshatriya, Nimit V Khara, Rajiv P Paliwal, Sateesh N Patel
It is not so common to aspirate foreign body in normal adults without any predisposing factors as compared to children and those with the altered neurological state. Endobronchial foreign bodies are one of the causes of obstructive pneumonia and difficult to diagnose as signs and symptoms are often nonspecific. However, once they are diagnosed, they can generally be removed, leading to rapid and drastic resolution of symptoms. Bronchoscopy is the gold standard in the identification and localization of an airway foreign body and also for better management of the ailment...
July 2016: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
A Keshtkari, S M Dehghani, M Haghighat, M H Imanieh, A Nasimfard, G Yousefi, H Javaherizadeh
Post-transplantation lymphoproliferative disorder (PTLD) is a serious complication of solid organ transplantation that occurs due to immunosuppression and other risk factors. PTLD may present with involvement of other organs and with unusual presentation. The presentation is often extranodal (e.g., in the gastrointestinal tract, lung, or the central nervous system). Herein, we report on a 1.5-year-old girl who underwent liver transplantation almost 5 months prior to admission. She was on medications such as tacrolimus and prednisolone...
2016: International Journal of Organ Transplantation Medicine
Wesley G Zeger, Chad E Branecki, Thang T Nguyen, Todd Hall, Ben Boedeker, David Boedeker, Michael C Wadman
This study demonstrated a method to train medical students at Hanoi Medical School in airway management from Omaha, Nebraska, using tele-mentoring techniques. Correct placement of the endotracheal tube was documented by tele-broncoscopy following intubation. This technology may increase medical training capabilities in remote or developing areas of the world. Medical care delivery could be performed using this technology by tele-mentoring a lesser trained medical provider at a distant site enabling them to accomplish complex medical tasks...
December 2015: International Journal of Emergency Medicine
Alireza Hamidian Jahromi, Howard W Wright
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2014: Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Society: Official Organ of the Louisiana State Medical Society
Nabil Rizk, Noor E Gwely, Vincent L Biron, Usama Hamza
OBJECTIVES: To perform an epidemiological assessment of metallic hairpin inhalation in young Muslim females and highlight the need for a health education program in this population. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of females with a history of metallic hairpin inhalation presenting to the Otolaryngology and Cardiothoracic Surgery Departments at Mansoura University Hospitals from January 2000 to October 2006. RESULTS: A total of 83 patients were identified with metallic hairpin inhalation, of which 2 were excluded as they were coughed and expelled by the patient...
2014: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
Rahele Mehrain, Abbas Hadipur
BACKGROUND: Congenital lobar emphysema, also called infantile lobar emphysema, is a respiratory disease that occurs in infants when air enters the lungs and cannot leave easily. It results from cartilage deficiency and bronchomalacia causing distal air trapping and respiratory distress. In this study, we present a case of endobronchial polyp mimicking congenital lobar emphysema. CASE PRESENTATION: An 18-month old infant was admitted to the hospital due to sudden respiratory distress...
2011: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
Marco Berlucchi, Francesca Pelucchi, Silviana Timpano, Annalisa Zorzi, Rita Padoan
Plastic bronchitis is a rare disorder in pediatric age. This disease can cause life-threatening episodes. Broncoscopy plus bronchial lavage is considered the gold standard therapeutic technique. Knowledge of this disease is mandatory to perform correct diagnosis and provide prompt treatment. The authors report the history of a 5-year-old girl affected by plastic bronchitis who was successfully treated by a conservative therapy avoiding the traditional more invasive management.
March 2014: American Journal of Otolaryngology
Ilker Arikan, Aykut Barut, Muge Harma, Mehmet Ibrahim Harma, Zuhal Erdem, Sener Gezer
Lung cancer during pregnancy is a rare situation which is being increasingly reported during the past two decades due to a rising trend of cigarette smoking among young women and the tendency to delay pregnancy to a later age in life. We describe the case of a 32-year-old woman with primary pulmonary sarcoma, diagnosed at 31st week of pregnancy. X-ray chest and thoracic magnetic resonance imaging revealed a 9 x 6 cm mass in the left mediastinum, with tracheal shift, and pleural effusion. Biopsy performed during broncoscopy, was reported as mesenchymal tumour...
December 2012: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Ana Thereza Rocha, Marina Cabral, Eduardo Sad
SESSION TYPE: ILD Global Case Report PostersPRESENTED ON: Tuesday, October 23, 2012 at 01:30 PM - 01:30 PMINTRODUCTION: Sarcoidosis and Crohn's disease (CD) are characterized by granulomatous inflammation with heterogeneous systemic presentations. These diseases are rarely reported in the same patient, particularly in Latin America.CASE PRESENTATION: A 52 year-old caucasian male, non-smoker, with a four-year history of CD controlled with mesalazine (1600mg/day) presented with unremitting non-productive cough for 3 months, without hemoptysis, fever or weight loss...
October 1, 2012: Chest
E Martínez, I Villar, S Pérez, M León, T Rubio, C García
Hemomediastinum caused by rupture of a bronchial artery aneurysm is a very infrequent pathology. Clinical presentation can be variable; it can resemble an aortic pathology and be diagnosed in emergency situations. Computerized tomography (CT) of the thorax is the initial test for diagnosis. We present the clinical case of a 70-year-old man with an initial clinical assessment of transfixive thoracic pain resembling an acute aortic pathology. TC was carried out with a diagnosis of suspected mediastinal neoplasia (Hounsfield Units/HU 38 - soft tissue), biopsy sampling was carried out by gastroscopy and broncoscopy with haemorrhagic pap smear, presenting light anemization on admission and remaining haemodynamically stable and asymptomatic...
January 2013: Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra
Behzad Ahsan, Ghazal Kamali, Karim Nesseri
Patients with Temporomandibular Joint Ankylosis are among difficult airways and anesthesia and airway management of these patients encounter anesthesiologists with challenge. Herein we report a case of Temporomandibular Joint Ankylosis with difficult ventilation after failed attempts to intubate with fibroptic broncoscopy a disposable Laryngeal Mask Airway reestablishes the ventilation. The case suggests that the disposable Laryngeal Mask Airway may be useful in airway management of patients with a Temporomandibular Joint Ankylosis...
February 2012: Middle East Journal of Anesthesiology
Cesare Gridelli, Andrea Ardizzoni, Sandro Barni, Lucio Crinò, Alberto Caprioli, Elena Piazza, Vito Lorusso, Santi Barbera, Nicoletta Zilembo, Vittorio Gebbia, Vincenzo Adamo, Riccardo Pela, Maurizio Marangolo, Raffaella Morena, Gianfranco Filippelli, Calogero Buscarino, Oscar Alabiso, Paolo Maione, Paola Venturino, Filippo De Marinis
Lung cancer is the most common cancer in the world today, in terms of both incidence and mortality. Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) accounts for about 85% of all lung cancers, and the majority of people diagnosed with NSCLC have locally advanced or metastatic disease. Treatment algorithms have rapidly changed in the last 10 years because of the introduction of new chemotherapeutic and targeted agents in clinical practice. SUN is a 1-year longitudinal observational multicenter study that has consecutively enrolled patients affected by stage IIIB or IV NSCLC with the aim to describe the pattern of care and evolving approaches in the treatment of advanced NSCLC...
December 2011: Lung Cancer: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer
A Diamanti, C Noto, A Magistrelli, G Perotti, F Panetta, F Diomedi-Camassei, A Inserra
Children with neurological disorders may suffer from gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Typical symptoms are vomiting, regurgitation and hematemesis. Patients present with respiratory symptoms only in cases with swallowing disorders causing chronic airway aspiration. We report the case of a patient affected by chromosome 8 p deletion syndrome with mental retardation, referred to our unit for suspected GERD. Chest X-ray, performed at admission for coexisting respiratory complaints, showed left lower lobe pneumonia; esophageal pH monitoring and upper endoscopy were normal for GERD...
April 2011: Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon
Ralf Eberhardt, Nicolas Kahn, Daniela Gompelmann, Maren Schumann, Claus Peter Heussel, Felix J F Herth
INTRODUCTION: Although flexible bronchoscopy is the least invasive procedure for sampling, it is limited by its inability to reach lesions in the peripheral segments of the lung. Biopsy success is further compromised if the lesion is less than 30 mm in diameter or cannot be seen on fluoroscopy. We wanted to explore whether a new bronchoscopic navigation system could help access the peripheral lung airways and enable lesion sampling. METHODS: The LungPoint system produced a virtual bronchoscopic pathway indicating the bronchus into which the bronchoscope should be advanced...
October 2010: Journal of Thoracic Oncology
M Lima, A Ratta, G D Gargiulo, S Baroncini, T Gargano, B Randi
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this paper was to report the management of a very rare malformative association of Left Pulmonary Artery (LPA) sling and Tracheal Lobe which is not still reported in scientific literature. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Authors describe the clinical case of a 6 years old girl that was admitted for chronic respiratory symptoms associated with recurrent upper respiratory infections. The CT-scan with virtual bronchoscopy showed an ectopic bronchus arising from the right side of the upper third of the trachea and ending in an accessory pulmonary lobe, covered by normal pleura, located in the upper mediastinum...
November 2009: La Pediatria Medica e Chirurgica: Medical and Surgical Pediatrics
N Krifa, M Belcadhi, R Mani, M Abdelkefi, K Bouzouita
OBJECTIVE: This retrospective study aims to establish an algorithm indicating a bronchoscopy, based on clinical and radiological criteria predictive of the presence of a foreign body (FB), in children with prolonged respiratory symptoms and no history of foreign body aspiration (FBA); to establish a study of these criteria and to compare the clinical, radiological and broncoscopic findings in such cases. METHODS: We chose to review the records of 73 children (age < or = 15 years) with prolonged respiratory symptoms (for at least 15 days) and no history of FBA who underwent bronchoscopy at our institution between 1996 and 2005...
2009: Revue de Laryngologie—Otologie—Rhinologie
Prospero Magistrelli, Luigi D'Ambra, Stefano Berti, Cosimo Feleppa, Teseo Stefanini, Emilio Falco
BACKGROUND: Computed tomography (CT) scans of the chest permit us to identify a large number of small peripheral, undefined pulmonary lesions that require a diagnosis. Broncoscopy results are generally negative in these cases, and needle aspiration results are often inconclusive owing to poor cytology and false-negative cases. Thoracoscopy is an ideal tool but allows us only to localize lesions that retract the visceral pleura. Our aim in this study was to establish a marking procedure for excising nodules of unknown etiology by injecting India ink on the surface of the lung...
July 2009: World Journal of Surgery
João Cláudio Barroso Pereira, Amorita Grijó, Maria Cristina B Mackay, Beatriz Guerra Vitral
In this article, the authors discuss briefly the leptospirosis, emphasizing mainly the pulmonary form of disease. The authors review pathology, clinical findings, imaging and broncoscopy diagnosis, treatment of pulmonary leptospirosis. It is also remembered about early clinics and radiology diagnosis to start therapeutics. The authors conclude that pulmonary form of disease must always be remembered and considered as cause and differential diagnosis of Diffuse Alveolar Hemorrhage and Adult Respiratory Distress Syndrome...
November 2007: Revista Portuguesa de Pneumologia
M Kanzaki, K Adachi, K Takuma, J Matsumoto, T Obara, Y Miyano, S Sasano
The patient was a 54-year-old female with both headache and vomit presented to the emergency room. Endoscopic examination revealed an advanced esophageal cancer located on the middle thoracic esophagus. Histological analysis revealed squamous cell carcinoma. The clinical stage was diagnosed as T4N2M0 and this case was treated by the chemoradiation. She presented progressive moist cough after chemoradiotherapy. Esophagography demonstrated esophago-bronchial fistula (EBF). EBF was not detected by routine broncoscopy...
September 2007: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
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