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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918946/cooperative-behavior-emerges-among-drosophila-larvae
#1
Mark Dombrovski, Leanne Poussard, Kamilia Moalem, Lucia Kmecova, Nic Hogan, Elisabeth Schott, Andrea Vaccari, Scott Acton, Barry Condron
Spectacular examples of cooperative behavior emerge among a variety of animals and may serve critical roles in fitness [1, 2]. However, the rules governing such behavior have been difficult to elucidate [2]. Drosophila larvae are known to socially aggregate [3, 4] and use vision, mechanosensation, and gustation to recognize each other [5-8]. We describe here a model experimental system of cooperative behavior involving Drosophila larvae. While foraging in liquid food, larvae are observed to align themselves and coordinate their movements in order to drag a common air cavity and dig deeper...
September 6, 2017: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900304/the-campaign-for-a-national-strategy-for-gypsy-site-provision-and-the-role-of-public-health-activism-in-the-1960-1970s
#2
David Smith, Thomas Acton
We trace the post-war evolution of a national approach to providing caravan sites for Gypsies and Travellers-something essential to protect the health of that population in the United Kingdom (UK). Throughout the 1950s and 1960s, the late Norman Dodds MP championed in Parliament the plight of the UK's Gypsies and other nomads. He was instrumental in galvanising support for the 1968 Caravan Sites Act. The vision of influential individuals working in public and environmental health surmounted practical considerations and local opposition to implement the national programme of site provision envisioned by the Act...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888383/developing-item-response-theory-based-short-forms-to-measure-the-social-impact-of-burn-injuries
#3
Molly Marino, Emily C Dore, Pengsheng Ni, Colleen M Ryan, Jeff C Schneider, Amy Acton, Alan M Jette, Lewis E Kazis
OBJECTIVE: To develop self-reported short forms for the LIBRE Profile. DESIGN: Participants were selected for inclusion in the short forms based upon the item parameters of discrimination and average difficulty. Test information function, as well as floor and ceiling effects, were evaluated for both the full item bank and the short forms. SETTING: Participants were recruited were from the Phoenix Society (a support network for burn survivors), peer support networks, social media, and mailings...
September 6, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888313/aftercare-survivorship-and-peer-support
#4
REVIEW
Karen Badger, Amy Acton, Pam Peterson
Burn recovery includes addressing any emotional, psychological, and social needs of the survivor and family. Providing support and resources is essential for a smooth transition from the acute phase of injury to rehabilitation and successful social and community reintegration. Priority psychosocial target areas are developing social skills, addressing body image concerns, and providing peer support. Peer support provides a unique perspective of shared experience that can instill hope and assist coping efforts of survivors and family...
October 2017: Clinics in Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860404/the-changing-face-of-fractures-of-the-hip-in-northern-ireland-a-15-year-review
#5
A Tucker, K J Donnelly, S McDonald, J Craig, A P Foster, J D Acton
AIMS: We reviewed all patients who sustained a fracture of the hip and were treated in Northern Ireland over a period of 15 years to identify trends in incidence, the demographics of the patients, the rates of mortality, the configuration of the fracture and the choice of implant. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Since 01 January 2001 data about every fracture of the hip sustained in an adult have been collected centrally in Northern Ireland. All adults with such a fracture between 2000 and 2015 were included in the study...
September 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840398/delayed-sciatic-nerve-compression-following-hamstring-injury
#6
J Macdonald, S E McMahon, D O'Longain, J D Acton
A 47-year-old man presented three months post-hamstring injury with posterior thigh and buttock pain, paraesthesia over the lateral part of the leg and dorsum of the foot and a foot drop. MRI identified a hamstring muscle injury with a lesion surrounding 20 cm of the proximal sciatic nerve consistent with an extensive haematoma. Surgical debridement and release was planned; however, his signs spontaneously resolved with rest, physiotherapy and splintage prior to surgery. There have been no other reports of a sciatic nerve lesion with neurological signs resolving without surgical exploration...
August 24, 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832462/quality-and-safety-education-for-nurses-competencies-in-doctor-of-nursing-practice-education-exemplars-from-education-and-practice
#7
Cindy Acton, Susan Farus-Brown, Catherine Alexander, Linda Morrow, Julianne Ossege, Elizabeth Tovar
Graduate level Quality and Safety Education for Nurses (QSEN) competencies were created to facilitate preparation of the Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) graduate to have an impact on health care system changes, advance nursing practice, and improve the health of populations. Although there is agreement that QSEN competencies are important to DNP education, little is known about implementation of the competencies. This article describes the importance of QSEN competencies in DNP education and provides exemplars of QSEN competencies in DNP education and practice...
September 2017: Nurse Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753733/lost-in-translation-no-effect-of-a-high-profile-publication-on-the-concomitant-use-of-interacting-drugs
#8
Emily K Acton, Charles E Leonard, Warren B Bilker, Shobha Phansalkar, Sean Hennessy
We sought to assess whether a high-profile publication that demonstrated serious clinical consequences of specific drug-drug interactions (DDIs) reduced the concomitant use of those drugs. We conducted a quasi-experimental study using 2000-2008 prescription claims from a commercial health insurer to examine trends in the dispensing of the interacting drug pairs (angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors[ACEI] + potassium-sparing diuretic, digoxin + clarithromycin, and glyburide + cotrimoxazole) and control drug pairs previously reported in a top-tier general medicine journal...
July 28, 2017: Clinical and Translational Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698185/age-at-menarche-and-late-adolescent-adiposity-associated-with-mammographic-density-on-processed-digital-mammograms-in-24-840-women
#9
Stacey E Alexeeff, Nnaemeka U Odo, Jafi A Lipson, Ninah Achacoso, Joseph H Rothstein, Martin J Yaffe, Rhea Y Liang, Luana Acton, Valerie McGuire, Alice S Whittemore, Daniel L Rubin, Weiva Sieh, Laurel A Habel
Background: High mammographic density is strongly associated with increased breast cancer risk. Some, but not all, risk factors for breast cancer are also associated with higher mammographic density.Methods: The study cohort (N = 24,840) was drawn from the Research Program in Genes, Environment and Health of Kaiser Permanente Northern California and included non-Hispanic white females ages 40 to 74 years with a full-field digital mammogram (FFDM). Percent density (PD) and dense area (DA) were measured by a radiological technologist using Cumulus...
July 11, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592509/comparative-functional-genomic-screens-of-three-yeast-deletion-collections-reveal-unexpected-effects-of-genotype-in-response-to-diverse-stress
#10
Erica Acton, Amy Huei-Yi Lee, Pei Jun Zhao, Stephane Flibotte, Mauricio Neira, Sunita Sinha, Jennifer Chiang, Patrick Flaherty, Corey Nislow, Guri Giaever
The Yeast Knockout (YKO) collection has provided a wealth of functional annotations from genome-wide screens. An unintended consequence is that 76% of gene annotations derive from one genotype. The nutritional auxotrophies in the YKO, in particular, have phenotypic consequences. To address this issue, 'prototrophic' versions of the YKO collection have been constructed, either by introducing a plasmid carrying wild-type copies of the auxotrophic markers (Plasmid-Borne, PBprot) or by backcrossing (Backcrossed, BCprot) to a wild-type strain...
June 2017: Open Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579549/the-use-of-microperimetry-in-assessing-visual-function-in-age-related-macular-degeneration
#11
REVIEW
Nicola K Cassels, John M Wild, Tom H Margrain, Victor Chong, Jennifer H Acton
Microperimetry is a novel technique for assessing visual function and appears particularly suitable for age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Compared to standard automated perimetry (SAP), microperimetry offers several unique features. It simultaneously images the fundus, incorporates an eye tracking system to correct the stimulus location for fixation loss, and identifies any preferred retinal loci. A systematic review of microperimetry in the assessment of visual function in AMD identified 680 articles...
June 1, 2017: Survey of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493205/development-of-the-life-impact-burn-recovery-evaluation-libre-profile-assessing-burn-survivors-social-participation
#12
Lewis E Kazis, Molly Marino, Pengsheng Ni, Marina Soley Bori, Flor Amaya, Emily Dore, Colleen M Ryan, Jeff C Schneider, Vivian Shie, Amy Acton, Alan M Jette
PURPOSE: Measuring the impact burn injuries have on social participation is integral to understanding and improving survivors' quality of life, yet there are no existing instruments that comprehensively measure the social participation of burn survivors. This project aimed to develop the Life Impact Burn Recovery Evaluation Profile (LIBRE), a patient-reported multidimensional assessment for understanding the social participation after burn injuries. METHODS: 192 questions representing multiple social participation areas were administered to a convenience sample of 601 burn survivors...
May 10, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470618/high-throughput-production-of-proteins-in-e-coli-for-structural-studies
#13
Charikleia Black, John J Barker, Richard B Hitchman, Hok Sau Kwong, Sam Festenstein, Thomas B Acton
We have developed a standardized and efficient workflow for high-throughput (HT) protein expression in E. coli and parallel purification which can be tailored to the downstream application of the target proteins. It includes a one-step purification for the purposes of functional assays and a two-step protocol for crystallographic studies, with the option of on-column tag removal.
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464669/killer-whale-orcinus-orca-behavioral-audiograms
#14
Brian K Branstetter, Judy St Leger, Doug Acton, John Stewart, Dorian Houser, James J Finneran, Keith Jenkins
Killer whales (Orcinus orca) are one of the most cosmopolitan marine mammal species with potential widespread exposure to anthropogenic noise impacts. Previous audiometric data on this species were from two adult females [Szymanski, Bain, Kiehl, Pennington, Wong, and Henry (1999). J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 108, 1322-1326] and one sub-adult male [Hall and Johnson (1972). J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 51, 515-517] with apparent high-frequency hearing loss. All three killer whales had best sensitivity between 15 and 20 kHz, with thresholds lower than any odontocete tested to date, suggesting this species might be particularly sensitive to acoustic disturbance...
April 2017: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422122/infant-milk-fat-droplet-size-and-coating-affect-postprandial-responses-in-healthy-adult-men-a-proof-of-concept-study
#15
S Baumgartner, B J M van de Heijning, D Acton, R P Mensink
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Fat droplets in human milk (HM) are larger and surrounded by a phospholipid membrane compared with infant milk formulas (IMF). Since the physical structure of fat droplets might affect digestion and postprandial metabolism, an IMF was developed more mimicking HM lipid structure than current IMF. SUBJECTS/METHODS: A randomised, double-blind, crossover study was performed in 29 fasted healthy men (aged 18-25 years, BMI: 18-25 kg/m(2)) to compare 5-hour postprandial responses after consumption of an experimental IMF (Concept, Nuturis) with a current IMF (Control)...
September 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422000/fibromyalgia-in-300-adult-index-patients-with-primary-immunodeficiency
#16
James C Barton, Luigi F Bertoli, Jackson C Barton, Ronald T Acton
OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine the prevalence and clinical and laboratory associations of fibromyalgia in adults with primary immunodeficiency (immunoglobulin (Ig) G subclass deficiency (IgGSD) and common variable immunodeficiency (CVID). METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of these observations in 300 non-Hispanic white adult index patients with recurrent/severe respiratory tract infections and IgGSD or CVID: age; sex; IgGSD; fibromyalgia; chronic fatigue; autoimmune conditions (ACs); interstitial cystitis (IC); diabetes; body mass index; serum Ig isotypes; blood lymphocytes and subsets; and human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-A and -B types and haplotypes...
May 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401111/added-sugar-in-the-packaged-foods-and-beverages-available-at-a-major-canadian-retailer-in-2015-a-descriptive-analysis
#17
Rachel B Acton, Lana Vanderlee, Erin P Hobin, David Hammond
BACKGROUND: Excess consumption of added sugars has been associated with a variety of health problems, but there is little information available characterizing added sugar in the Canadian food supply. This study examined the presence and types of added sugars in the packaged food and beverage products available at a major Canadian grocery retailer. METHODS: We searched the ingredients lists of over 40 000 packaged food products available for sale in March 2015 for a variety of added sugar terms...
January 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368917/community-reintegration
#18
Radha K Holavanahalli, Karen Badger, Amy Acton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346300/the-burn-survivor-perspective
#19
Amy Acton, Karen Badger, John O'Leary
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345217/fatigue-and-training-of-obstetrics-and-gynaecology-trainees-in-australia-and-new-zealand
#20
Paige E Tucker, Paul A Cohen, Max K Bulsara, Jade Acton
BACKGROUND: Several studies have linked doctor fatigue with adverse patient events and an increase in risk to doctors' personal safety and wellbeing. The present study assesses the rostering structure of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists (RANZCOG) trainees and its association with trainees' reported fatigue levels, training opportunities and wellbeing, which were secondary outcomes of a larger study of trainee working hours which has been separately reported...
March 26, 2017: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
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