keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Ill patients

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647928/pre-procedural-ultrasonography-for-tracheostomy-in-critically-ill-patients-a-prospective-study
#1
Ella Even-Tov, Itzhak Koifman, Vladimir Rozentsvaig, Leonid Livshits, Peter Gilbey
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous dilatational tracheostomy (PDT) has become a standard technique for critically ill patients who require long-term ventilation. The most common early post-operative complication is bleeding related to anatomical variation in vasculature. The procedure is performed at the patient's bedside unless this is deemed unsafe and then the accepted alternative is open tracheostomy in the operating room. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the use of pre-procedural ultrasound to aid in the decision of whether PDT in critical care patients should be performed at the patient's bedside or by open surgical tracheostomy...
June 2017: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647907/a-constant-companion-immune-recognition-and-response-to-cytomegalovirus-with-aging-and-implications-for-immune-fitness
#2
REVIEW
Aisha Souquette, Justin Frere, Megan Smithey, Delphine Sauce, Paul G Thomas
Approximately 50% of individuals aged 6-49 years in the United States are infected with cytomegalovirus (CMV), with seroprevalence increasing with age, reaching 85-90% by 75-80 years according to Bate et al. (Clin Infect Dis 50 (11): 1439-1447, 2010) and Pawelec et al. (Curr Opin Immunol 24:507-511, 2012). Following primary infection, CMV establishes lifelong latency with periodic reactivation. Immunocompetent hosts experience largely asymptomatic infection, but CMV can cause serious illness in immunocompromised populations, such as transplant patients and the elderly...
June 24, 2017: GeroScience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647707/hepatitis-e-virus-and-neurological-disorders
#3
REVIEW
Brendan N Mclean, James Gulliver, Harry R Dalton
Hepatitis E is the most common cause of hepatitis worldwide. While originally considered a disease of developing countries, it is increasingly recognised in developed countries, probably related to contaminated pork meat, and where infection is often asymptomatic. However, several non-liver manifestations have become apparent, the most important of which are neurological, including Guillain-Barré syndrome (acute inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (AIDP)), neuralgic amyotrophy and meningoencephalitis...
June 24, 2017: Practical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647639/flow-reduction-aided-thrombin-injection-for-complex-femoral-pseudoaneurysms-case-series-and-review-of-the-literature
#4
Nandakumar Menon, Charles B Drucker, Abhishek Bhardwaj, Richa Kalsi, Robert S Crawford, Rajabrata Sarkar, Shahab Toursavadkohi
We describe a series of 4 patients with complex femoral pseudoaneuryms including short, wide necks that were successfully managed with a combination of proximal endovascular balloon occlusion and percutaneous thrombin injection. Contralateral femoral access was used to place an occlusion balloon proximal to or across the lesion and thrombin was injected directly into the pseudoaneurysm under ultrasound guidance. All patients recovered from their procedures without incident and are free from recurrence at follow-up...
June 21, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647623/proximal-femoral-osteosarcoma-diagnostic-challenges-translate-into-delayed-and-inappropriate-management
#5
M Dahan, P Anract, A Babinet, F Larousserie, D Biau
BACKGROUND: The proximal femuris an uncommon site of osteosarcoma. The unusual manifestations at this site may lead to diagnostic and therapeutic mistakes. We therefore performed a retrospective studyto estimate the proportions of patients with imaging study findings and/or clinical manifestations typical for osteosarcoma and/or inappropriate treatment decisions. HYPOTHESIS: Proximal femoral osteosarcoma often produces atypical clinical and radiological presentations...
June 21, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647359/mild-hypothermia-ameliorates-muscle-wasting-in-septic-rats-associated-with-hypothalamic-ampk-induced-autophagy-and-neuropeptides
#6
Chun Cao, Tao Gao, Minhua Cheng, Fengchan Xi, Chenyan Zhao, Wenkui Yu
Sepsis, always developing muscle wasting, contributes to serious complications and mortality. Mild hypothermia has been reported to have protective effects on the prognosis of septic patients. However, the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. We therefore hypothesized that mild hypothermia could ameliorate muscle wasting during sepsis and whether it was associated with hypothalamus AMPK-induced autophagy and neuropeptides. Adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were intraperitoneally injected with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) (5 mg/kg) or saline...
June 21, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647342/association-between-hospitalization-for-acute-medical-illness-and-vte-risk-a-lower-efficacy-of-thromboprophylaxis-in-elderly-patients-results-from-the-edith-case-control-study
#7
Florence Hemon, Fabrice Fouchard, Cécile Tromeur, Karine Lacut, Grégoire Le Gal, Dominique Mottier, Francis Couturaud, Aurélien Delluc
INTRODUCTION: Whether the association between hospitalization and venous thromboembolism (VTE) is modified by the use of thromboprophylaxis in older patients remains insufficiently evaluated. Our objective was to estimate VTE risk associated with hospitalization for acute medical illness depending on prescription of pharmacological thromboprophylaxis, in two different age categories using a 75years cutoff. METHODS: Using a case-control design, we estimated the risk for symptomatic VTE associated with hospitalization for acute medical illness depending on prescription of pharmacological thromboprophylaxis in two different age categories using a 75 years cut-off...
June 21, 2017: European Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647217/recognition-and-management-of-hemostatic-disorders-in-critically-ill-patients-needing-to-undergo-an-invasive-procedure
#8
REVIEW
Marcella C A Müller, Simon J Stanworth, Michiel Coppens, Nicole P Juffermans
Abnormal laboratory coagulation test results are frequently documented in critically ill patients, and these patients often also need to undergo invasive procedures. Clinicians have an understandable desire to minimize any perceived heightened risk of bleeding complications in those patients who require invasive procedures. In this setting, prophylactic administration of platelets or plasma is commonplace. This review explores the nature of these sequential statements and the degree to which these statements are supported by evidence...
June 15, 2017: Transfusion Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647052/outbreaks-of-health-care-associated-influenza-like-illness-in-france-impact-of-electronic-notification
#9
Elodie Munier-Marion, Thomas Bénet, Cédric Dananché, Sophan Soing-Altach, Sylvie Maugat, Sophie Vaux, Philippe Vanhems
BACKGROUND: Mandatory notification of health care-associated (HA) infections, including influenza-like illness (ILI) outbreaks, has been implemented in France since 2001. In 2012, the system moved to online electronic notification of HA infections (e-SIN). The objectives of this study are to describe ILI outbreak notifications to Santé publique France (SPF), the French national public health agency, and to evaluate the impact of notification dematerialization. METHODS: All notifications of HA ILI outbreaks between July 2001 and June 2015 were included...
June 21, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646925/stress-ulcer-prophylaxis-versus-placebo-or-no-prophylaxis-in-adult-hospitalised-acutely-ill-patients-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis-and-trial-sequential-analysis
#10
Søren Marker, Anders Perner, Jørn Wetterslev, Marija Barbateskovic, Janus Christian Jakobsen, Mette Krag, Anders Granholm, Carl Thomas Anthon, Morten Hylander Møller
BACKGROUND: Stress ulcer prophylaxis is considered standard of care in many critically ill patients in the intensive care unit (ICU). However, the quality of evidence supporting this has recently been questioned, and clinical equipoise exists. Whether there is overall benefit or harm of stress ulcer prophylaxis in adult hospitalised acutely ill patients is unknown. Accordingly, we aim to assess patient-important benefits and harms of stress ulcer prophylaxis versus placebo or no treatment in adult hospitalised acutely ill patients with high risk of gastrointestinal bleeding irrespective of hospital setting...
June 24, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646852/the-facial-expression-of-schizophrenic-patients-applied-with-infrared-thermal-facial-image-sequence
#11
Bo-Lin Jian, Chieh-Li Chen, Wen-Lin Chu, Min-Wei Huang
BACKGROUND: Schizophrenia is a neurological disease characterized by alterations to patients' cognitive functions and emotional expressions. Relevant studies often use magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain to explore structural differences and responsiveness within brain regions. However, as this technique is expensive and commonly induces claustrophobia, it is frequently refused by patients. Thus, this study used non-contact infrared thermal facial images (ITFIs) to analyze facial temperature changes evoked by different emotions in moderately and markedly ill schizophrenia patients...
June 24, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646684/the-relationship-between-non-suicidal-self-injury-and-alexithymia-in-borderline-personality-disorder-actions-instead-of-words
#12
Ellen Sleuwaegen, Marlies Houben, Laurence Claes, Ann Berens, Bernard Sabbe
INTRODUCTION: Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a serious mental illness that centers on the inability to effectively regulate emotions. A large amount of BPD patients engage in non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI). Given the NSSI contributes to serious health risks, it is important to know why some BPD patients engage in NSSI and others do not. A possible associated factor of NSSI in BPD may be alexithymia, which reflects difficulties in identifying and communicating feelings. Therefore the aim of the present study was to investigate whether NSSI was associated with alexithymia and whether this association still stood when controlling for gender and depression...
June 15, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646615/definition-of-healthcare-associated-influenza-a-review-and-results-from-an-international-survey
#13
Elodie Munier-Marion, Thomas Bénet, Philippe Vanhems
AIM: To describe definitions of healthcare-associated influenza (HAI) in recent literature and in hospitals participating in a survey of Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America (SHEA) Research Network (SRN) members. METHOD: A review with PubMed search was undertaken to retrieve articles published between 2008 and 2016, focusing on the subject headings "influenza, human" and "cross infection". Definitions of clinical influenza-like illness (ILI) and HAI were identified...
June 24, 2017: Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646510/compound-muscle-action-potential-duration-in-critical-illness-neuromyopathy
#14
Christopher L Kramer, Andrea J Boon, C Michel Harper, Brent P Goodman
BACKGROUND: We sought to determine the specificity of compound muscle action potential (CMAP) durations and amplitudes in a large critical illness neuromyopathy (CINM) cohort relative to controls with other neuromuscular conditions. METHODS: Fifty-eight patients with CINM seen over a 17-year period were retrospectively studied. Electrodiagnostic findings of the CINM cohort were compared with patients with axonal peripheral neuropathy and myopathy due to other causes...
June 23, 2017: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646467/symptom-management-challenges-in-heart-failure-pharmacotherapy-considerations
#15
REVIEW
Diana Stewart, Mary Lynn McPherson
Heart failure is a chronic, progressive illness that is increasing in prevalence in the USA. Patients with advanced heart failure experience a high symptom burden that is comparable to patients with advanced cancer. Palliative care, however, is underutilized in patients with heart failure, and symptoms may go untreated as the disease progresses. A combination of pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic interventions should be used to address symptoms and maintain quality of life. While there have been significant advances in evidence-based heart failure treatments in recent years, selection of appropriate palliative medications as symptoms progress is challenging due to limited clinical studies in this patient population...
June 24, 2017: Heart Failure Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646340/clinical-management-of-ebola-virus-disease-patients-in-low-resource-settings
#16
Armand Sprecher, Michel Van Herp, Pierre E Rollin
The low-resource environment deprives healthcare providers caring for patients with Ebola virus disease (EVD) of many of the means employed for the critically ill that are available in better resourced settings, such as advanced therapeutic interventions and abundant staff. In addition to these limitations may be added those imposed by the remote tropical locations, where EVD outbreaks occur. In this setting, a safe environment is created where healthcare workers may care for their patients over the evolving course of their acute illness into their convalescent period...
June 24, 2017: Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646002/preparation-for-transition-to-adult-care-among-medicaid-insured-adolescents
#17
Gregory S Sawicki, Katharine C Garvey, Sara L Toomey, Kathryn A Williams, J Lee Hargraves, Thomas James, Jean L Raphael, Angelo P Giardino, Mark A Schuster, Jonathan A Finkelstein
BACKGROUND: Parents of children with chronic illness consistently report suboptimal preparation for transition from pediatric- to adult-focused health care. Little data are available on transition preparation for low-income youth in particular. METHODS: We conducted a mailed survey of youth with chronic illness enrolled in 2 large Medicaid health plans to determine the quality of transition preparation using the Adolescent Assessment of Preparation for Transition (ADAPT)...
June 23, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645985/a-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-an-interactive-web-based-intervention-cancercope
#18
Suzanne K Chambers, Lee Ritterband, Frances Thorndike, Lisa Nielsen, Joanne F Aitken, Samantha Clutton, Paul Scuffham, Philippa Youl, Bronwyn Morris, Peter Baade, Jeffrey Dunn
INTRODUCTION: Approximately 35% of patients with cancer experience clinically significant distress, and unmet psychological supportive care needs are prevalent. This study describes the protocol for a randomised controlled trial (RCT) to assess the efficacy and cost-effectiveness of an internet-based psychological intervention for distressed patients with cancer. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: In phase I, the intervention was developed on an interactive web platform and pilot tested for acceptability using a qualitative methodology with 21 patients with cancer...
June 23, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645967/the-bipolar-illness-onset-study-research-protocol-for-the-bio-cohort-study
#19
Lars Vedel Kessing, Klaus Munkholm, Maria Faurholt-Jepsen, Kamilla Woznica Miskowiak, Lars Bo Nielsen, Ruth Frikke-Schmidt, Claus Ekstrøm, Ole Winther, Bente Klarlund Pedersen, Henrik Enghusen Poulsen, Roger S McIntyre, Flavio Kapczinski, Wagner F Gattaz, Jakob Bardram, Mads Frost, Oscar Mayora, Gitte Moos Knudsen, Mary Phillips, Maj Vinberg
INTRODUCTION: Bipolar disorder is an often disabling mental illness with a lifetime prevalence of 1%-2%, a high risk of recurrence of manic and depressive episodes, a lifelong elevated risk of suicide and a substantial heritability. The course of illness is frequently characterised by progressive shortening of interepisode intervals with each recurrence and increasing cognitive dysfunction in a subset of individuals with this condition. Clinically, diagnostic boundaries between bipolar disorder and other psychiatric disorders such as unipolar depression are unclear although pharmacological and psychological treatment strategies differ substantially...
June 23, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645961/cognitive-screening-and-behavioural-observation-of-functional-ability-in-patients-with-multiple-episode-schizophrenia-an-exploratory-study
#20
Eva Norlin Bagge, Eva Esbjörnsson, Katharina S Sunnerhagen
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the usability of a neuropsychological screening instrument and two observation scales of everyday behaviour to describe cognitive and functional capacity of patients with multiepisode schizophrenia and considerable care needs, who frequently refuse to participate in cognitive testing or performance-based functional measurement. SETTING: One psychiatric unit specialised in severe mental illness at the Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden...
June 23, 2017: BMJ Open
keyword
keyword
23818
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"