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Integrated information theory

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157569/a-regional-consortium-for-doctor-of-nursing-practice-education-integrating-improvement-science-into-the-curriculum
#1
Shea Polancich, Linda Roussel, Barbara Ann Graves, Pamela V O'Neal
The DNP curriculum prepares the graduate for evidence informed improvement translation through coursework integrating improvement, safety, and translation sciences. Innovative leadership skills are necessary to lead inter-professional unit-based and health system opportunities. Equipping the DNP with the necessary skills and competencies to accomplish any type of improvement translation requires exposure to the tools and techniques of these sciences with an emphasis in didactic content. With a foundational knowledge of the principles for improvement, translation and application will follow...
November 2017: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157254/the-implementation-of-medical-revalidation-an-assessment-using-normalisation-process-theory
#2
Abigail Tazzyman, Jane Ferguson, Charlotte Hillier, Alan Boyd, John Tredinnick-Rowe, Julian Archer, Sam Regan de Bere, Kieran Walshe
BACKGROUND: Medical revalidation is the process by which all licensed doctors are legally required to demonstrate that they are up to date and fit to practise in order to maintain their licence. Revalidation was introduced in the United Kingdom (UK) in 2012, constituting significant change in the regulation of doctors. The governing body, the General Medical Council (GMC), envisages that revalidation will improve patient care and safety. This potential however is, in part, dependent upon how successfully revalidation is embedded into routine practice...
November 21, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149509/promoting-person-centred-care-in-the-perioperative-setting-through-patient-advocacy-an-observational-study
#3
Ann-Sofie Sundqvist, Ulrica Nilsson, Marie Holmefur, Agneta Anderzén-Carlsson
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To examine the extent to which the findings from an integrative review regarding perioperative patient advocacy could be empirically supported, and to describe Swedish registered nurse anaesthetists' patient advocacy actions and interactions during the perioperative period. BACKGROUND: Patient advocacy is practiced by various health care professionals in promoting the well-being of patients. It is complex, and in a general health care context it has been described as supporting the patients both physiologically and psychologically...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146562/multi-method-laboratory-user-evaluation-of-an-actionable-clinical-performance-information-system-implications-for-usability-and-patient-safety
#4
Benjamin Brown, Panos Balatsoukas, Richard Williams, Matthew Sperrin, Iain Buchan
INTRODUCTION: Electronic audit and feedback (e-A&F) systems are used worldwide for care quality improvement. They measure health professionals' performance against clinical guidelines, and some systems suggest improvement actions. However, little is known about optimal interface designs for e-A&F, in particular how to present suggested actions for improvement. We developed a novel theory-informed system for primary care (the Performance Improvement plaN GeneratoR; PINGR) that covers the four principal interface components: clinical performance summaries; patient lists; detailed patient-level information; and suggested actions...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144758/on-the-density-dependence-of-the-integral-equation-coarse-graining-effective-potential
#5
Mohammadhasan Dinpajooh, Marina Giuseppina Guenza
Coarse-graining (CG) procedures provide computationally efficient methods for investigating the corresponding long time- and length-scale processes. In the bottom-up approaches, the effective interactions between the CG sites is obtained using the information from the atomistic simulations, but reliable CG procedures are required to preserve the structure and thermodynamics. In this regard, the integral equation coarse-graining (IECG) method is a promising approach that uses the first-principles Ornstein-Zernike equation in liquid state theory to determine the effective potential between CG sites...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144550/self-determination-theory-as-a-foundation-for-personality-researchers
#6
Kennon M Sheldon, Mike Prentice
In this introductory article we first describe the impetus for this special issue. What made us think that Self-Determination Theory (SDT) might provide a sort of foundation for the rest of personality psychology? For readers unfamiliar with SDT, we then provide a historical overview which covers the evolution of the six "mini-theories" that currently comprise SDT: cognitive evaluation theory, causality orientations theory, organismic integration theory, basic psychological needs theory, goal contents theory, and relational motivation theory...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139302/autism-spectrum-disorder-and-interoception-abnormalities-in-global-integration
#7
Timothy R Hatfield, Rhonda F Brown, Melita J Giummarra, Bigna Lenggenhager
Research over the past three decades has seen a revived interest in the way the human body-and the way in which it is perceived-interacts with aspects of our experience. Consequently, interoception (i.e. the perception of physiological feedback from the body) has recently been shown to be associated with a wide range of cognitive, emotional, and affective functions, making it broadly relevant to the study of autism spectrum disorder. Although limited qualitative accounts and empirical studies suggest that individuals with autism spectrum disorder encounter abnormalities when perceiving and integrating physiological feedback from their bodies, other studies have suggested that people with/without autism spectrum disorder do not differ in interoceptive ability after accounting for alexithymia...
November 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136422/transmission-as-a-basic-process-in-microbial-biology-lwoff-award-prize-lecture
#8
Fernando Baquero
Transmission is a basic process in biology and evolution, as it communicates different biological entities within and across hierarchical levels (from genes to holobionts) both in time and space. Vertical descent, replication, is transmission of information across generations (in the time dimension), and horizontal descent is transmission of information across compartments (in the space dimension). Transmission is essentially a communication process that can be studied by analogy of the classic information theory, based on 'emitters', 'messages' and 'receivers'...
November 1, 2017: FEMS Microbiology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133455/how-causal-analysis-can-reveal-autonomy-in-models-of-biological-systems
#9
William Marshall, Hyunju Kim, Sara I Walker, Giulio Tononi, Larissa Albantakis
Standard techniques for studying biological systems largely focus on their dynamical or, more recently, their informational properties, usually taking either a reductionist or holistic perspective. Yet, studying only individual system elements or the dynamics of the system as a whole disregards the organizational structure of the system-whether there are subsets of elements with joint causes or effects, and whether the system is strongly integrated or composed of several loosely interacting components. Integrated information theory offers a theoretical framework to (1) investigate the compositional cause-effect structure of a system and to (2) identify causal borders of highly integrated elements comprising local maxima of intrinsic cause-effect power...
December 28, 2017: Philosophical Transactions. Series A, Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133418/normalized-value-coding-explains-dynamic-adaptation-in-the-human-valuation-process
#10
Mel W Khaw, Paul W Glimcher, Kenway Louie
The notion of subjective value is central to choice theories in ecology, economics, and psychology, serving as an integrated decision variable by which options are compared. Subjective value is often assumed to be an absolute quantity, determined in a static manner by the properties of an individual option. Recent neurobiological studies, however, have shown that neural value coding dynamically adapts to the statistics of the recent reward environment, introducing an intrinsic temporal context dependence into the neural representation of value...
November 13, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132639/technical-attributes-health-attribute-consumer-attributes-and-their-roles-in-adoption-intention-of-healthcare-wearable-technology
#11
Min Zhang, Meifen Luo, Rui Nie, Yan Zhang
PURPOSE: This paper aims to explore factors influencing the healthcare wearable technology adoption intention from perspectives of technical attributes (perceived convenience, perceived irreplaceability, perceived credibility and perceived usefulness), health attribute (health belief) and consumer attributes (consumer innovativeness, conspicuous consumption, informational reference group influence and gender difference). DESIGN/METHODOLOGY/APPROACH: By integrating technology acceptance model, health belief model, snob effect and conformity and reference group theory, hypotheses and research model are proposed...
December 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124505/transitions-between-asynchronous-and-synchronous-states-a-theory-of-correlations-in-small-neural-circuits
#12
Diego Fasoli, Anna Cattani, Stefano Panzeri
The study of correlations in neural circuits of different size, from the small size of cortical microcolumns to the large-scale organization of distributed networks studied with functional imaging, is a topic of central importance to systems neuroscience. However, a theory that explains how the parameters of mesoscopic networks composed of a few tens of neurons affect the underlying correlation structure is still missing. Here we consider a theory that can be applied to networks of arbitrary size with multiple populations of homogeneous fully-connected neurons, and we focus its analysis to a case of two populations of small size...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Computational Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121244/host-plant-herbivore-predator-interactions-in-chrysoperla-carnea-neuroptera-chrysopidae-and-myzus-persicae-homoptera-aphididae-on-four-plant-species-under-laboratory-conditions
#13
Milad Farrokhi, Gholamhossein Gharekhani, Shahzad Iranipour, Mahdi Hassanpour
The common green lacewing, Chrysoperla carnea (Stephens) (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae), is a well-known biocontrol agent. The current study examined host plant-herbivore-predator interactions with C. carnea and Myzus persicae on four host plants (peach, almond, pepper, and potato). The experiments were carried out at 25 ± 1°C and 65 ± 5% RH at a photoperiod of 16:8 (L:D) h). Duration of the preadult growth period, adult longevity, fecundity, and population growth parameters were analyzed based on the age-stage, two-sex life table theory...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120219/how-to-change-conscientiousness-the-sociogenomic-trait-intervention-model
#14
Brent W Roberts, Patrick L Hill, Jordan P Davis
Conscientiousness, the propensity to be organized, responsible, self-controlled, industrious, and rule-following, is related to numerous important outcomes including many forms of psychopathology. Given the increasing awareness of the importance of conscientiousness, it is becoming common to want to understand how to foster it. In this paper we first describe and update a recent model that was put forward as a theoretically informed intervention to change conscientiousness. We then consider recent life span theories focused on conscientiousness that might inform how best to use existing interventions as well as identify potential moderators of the effectiveness of intervention...
July 2017: Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104604/entrepreneurship-education-revisited-perceived-entrepreneurial-role-models-increase-perceived-behavioural-control
#15
Katharina Fellnhofer
Relying on Bandura's (1986) social learning theory, Ajzen's (1988) theory of planned behaviour (TPB), and Dyer's (1994) model of entrepreneurial careers, this study aims to highlight the potential of entrepreneurial role models to entrepreneurship education. The results suggest that entrepreneurial courses would greatly benefit from real-life experiences, either positive or negative. The results of regression analysis based on 426 individuals, primarily from Austria, Finland, and Greece, show that role models increase learners' entrepreneurial perceived behaviour control (PBC) by increasing their self-efficacy...
2017: Int J Learn Chang
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104182/lipid-peroxidation-in-cardiac-surgery-towards-consensus-on-biomonitoring-diagnostic-tools-and-therapeutic-implementation
#16
Rosalba Romano, Simona M Cristescu, Terence H Risby, Nandor Marczin
This review focuses on oxidative stress and more specifically lipid peroxidation in cardiac surgery, one of the fundamental theories of perioperative complications. We present the molecular pathways leading to lipid peroxidation and integrate analytical methods that allow detection of lipid peroxidation markers in the fluid phase with those focusing on volatile compounds in exhaled breath. In order to explore the accumulated data in the literature, we present a systematic review of quantitative analysis of malondialdehyde (MDA), a widely used lipid peroxidation product at various stages of cardiac surgery...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Breath Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102808/causal-cortical-dynamics-of-a-predictive-enhancement-of-speech-intelligibility
#17
Giovanni M Di Liberto, Edmund C Lalor, Rebecca E Millman
Speech perception may be underpinned by a hierarchical cortical system, which attempts to match "external" incoming sensory inputs with "internal" top-down predictions. Prior knowledge modulates internal predictions of an upcoming stimulus and exerts its effects in temporal and inferior frontal cortex. Here, we used source-space magnetoencephalography (MEG) to study the spatiotemporal dynamics underpinning the integration of prior knowledge in the speech processing network. Prior knowledge was manipulated to i) increase the perceived intelligibility of speech sentences, and ii) dissociate the perceptual effects of changes in speech intelligibility from acoustical differences in speech stimuli...
November 2, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101769/computational-approaches-to-chemical-hazard-assessment
#18
Thomas Luechtefeld, Thomas Hartung
Computational prediction of toxicity has reached new heights as a result of decades of growth in the magnitude and diversity of biological data. Public packages for statistics and machine learning make model creation faster. New theory in machine learning and cheminformatics enables integration of chemical structure, toxicogenomics, simulated and physical data in the prediction of chemical health hazards, and other toxicological information. Our earlier publications have characterized a toxicological dataset of unprecedented scale resulting from the European REACH legislation (Registration Evaluation Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals)...
2017: ALTEX
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099411/learning-with-e-books-and-project-based-strategy-in-a-community-health-nursing-course
#19
Tien-Wen Sung, Ting-Ting Wu
With advances in information technology, "information-assisted instruction" has been gradually introduced to nursing education curricula. Specifically, the integration of an e-book system can effectively enhance nursing students' attention and interest. Most studies on nursing education that incorporated e-books have focused on the advantages of convenience and assistance provided by e-books. Few studies have addressed community health nursing and off-campus practice activities in relation to suitable teaching strategies for learning activities...
November 2, 2017: Computers, Informatics, Nursing: CIN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098695/research-recruitment-a-marketing-framework-to-improve-sample-representativeness-in-health-research
#20
Sarah J Howcutt, Anna L Barnett, Sofia Barbosa-Boucas, Lesley A Smith
AIMS: This discussion paper proposes a five-part theoretical framework to inform recruitment strategies. The framework is based on a marketing model of consumer decision-making. BACKGROUND: Respondents in surveys are typically healthier than non-respondents, which has an impact on the availability of information about those most in need. Previous research has identified response patterns, provided theories about why people participate in research and evaluated different recruitment strategies...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
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