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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932363/monocyte-count-as-a-predictor-of-cardiovascular-mortality-in-older-korean-people
#1
Sung Hee Choi, Jung Hee Kim, Soo Lim, Jae Young Lim, Ki Woong Kim, Kyong Soo Park, Hak Chul Jang
BACKGROUND: white blood cells (WBCs) have been known to mediate the inflammatory process, which may be a pivotal mechanism for atherosclerosis and cardiovascular mortality. OBJECTIVE: we investigated which WBC subtypes increased cardiovascular mortality and explored its connection to coronary artery diseases in a prospective study among older Koreans. STUDY DESIGN AND SUBJECTS: this study was conducted from 2005 to 2011 as a part of the Korean Longitudinal Study on Health and Aging and included 439 men and 561 women over 65-year old...
December 7, 2016: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932128/liver-transplantation-results-by-donor-age
#2
A V Rabelo, M D Bastante, A M Raya, C S M Méndez, A R G Ramirez, Y F Suarez
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to compare liver transplantation outcomes as a function of donor age. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We performed 212 liver transplantations between 2008 and 2014. We described a prospective cohort study and grouped the patients by liver donor age. We compared quantitative and categorical variables using statistical analysis. RESULTS: No statistically significant differences were found among any graft age groups in gender (always more males), time on waiting list, age, height, Child Pugh Turcotte (CHILD) score, Model for End-stage Liver Disease (MELD) score, need for intraoperative blood products, or intensive care unit stay...
November 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932091/octogenarian-donors-in-liver-transplantation
#3
M Gastaca, M Guerra, L Alvarez Martinez, P Ruiz, A Ventoso, I Palomares, M Prieto, A Matarranz, A Valdivieso, J Ortiz de Urbina
INTRODUCTION: Due to the disparity between the number of patients on the list for liver transplantation and the availability of organs, the use of older donors has become necessary. The aim of this study was to investigate the outcomes of liver transplantation using octogenarian donors. METHODS: From December 2003 to February 2016, 777 liver transplantations were performed at our institution, 33 of them (4.2%) with donors 80 years old and above. Our policy for the acceptance of these donors is based on preoperative liver function tests, donor hemodynamic stability, and intraoperative normal gross aspect...
November 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931927/owned-dog-ecology-and-demography-in-villa-de-tezontepec-hidalgo-mexico
#4
Luz Maria Kisiel, Andria Jones-Bitton, Jan M Sargeant, Jason B Coe, D T Tyler Flockhart, Alejandro Reynoso Palomar, Erick J Canales Vargas, Amy L Greer
Dog overpopulation in developing countries has negative implications for the health and safety of people, including the transmission of zoonotic diseases, physical attacks and intimidation to humans and animals, as well as impacts on canine welfare. Understanding the ecology and demographic characteristics of a dog population can help in the planning and monitoring of canine population control programs. Little data exist regarding demography and dynamics of domestic dog populations in semi-urban areas in Mexico...
December 1, 2016: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931092/the-influence-of-race-and-common-genetic-variations-on-outcomes-after-pediatric-heart-transplantation
#5
D J Green, M M Brooks, G J Burckart, R E Chinnock, C Canter, L J Addonizio, D Bernstein, J K Kirklin, D C Naftel, D M Girnita, A Zeevi, S A Webber
Significant racial disparity remains in the incidence of unfavorable outcomes following heart transplantation. We sought to determine which pediatric post-transplantation outcomes differ by race and whether these can be explained by recipient demographic, clinical, and genetic attributes. Data were collected for 80 black and 450 non-black pediatric recipients transplanted at 1 of 6 centers between 1993 and 2008. Genotyping was performed for 20 candidate genes. Average follow-up was 6.25 years. Unadjusted five-year rates for death (p=0...
December 8, 2016: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928729/the-total-number-of-tissue-blocks-per-centimetre-of-tumor-significantly-correlated-with-the-risk-of-distant-metastasis-in-patients-with-minimally-invasive-follicular-thyroid-carcinoma
#6
Brian Hung-Hin Lang, Tony W H Shek, Arnold L H Wu, Koon Yat Wan
BACKGROUND: Given that careful histological examination plays a pivotal role in follicular thyroid carcinoma categorization, we hypothesize that the number of blocks taken at initial specimen review may be associated with survival outcomes of patients initially diagnosed with minimally invasive follicular thyroid carcinoma. METHODS: A total of 162 patients with confirmed minimally invasive follicular thyroid carcinoma were analyzed. The number of tissue blocks taken from each patient was recorded and the number of blocks per each centimeter of tumor was calculated...
December 7, 2016: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928456/undernutrition-among-children-under-5-years-of-age-in-yemen-role-of-adequate-childcare-provided-by-adults-under-conditions-of-food-insecurity
#7
Saber Al-Sobaihi, Keiko Nakamura, Masashi Kizuki
Objective: This study examined the associations between the adequacy of childcare provided by adult caretakers and childhood undernutrition in rural Yemen, independent of household wealth and food consumption. Methods: We analyzed data of 3,549 children under the age of 5 years living in rural areas of Yemen based on the 2013 Yemen Baseline Survey of Mother and Child Health. Nutritional status was evaluated by the presence of underweight, stunting, and wasting according to the World Health Organization child growth standards...
2016: Journal of Rural Medicine: JRM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927747/mainland-chinese-implicit-theory-of-wisdom-generational-and-cultural-differences
#8
Chao S Hu, Michel Ferrari, Ru-De Liu, Qin Gao, Ethan Weare
OBJECTIVES: This is the first study on the Mainland Chinese implicit theory of wisdom. To understand the role of culture and social changes in the implicit theory of wisdom, cultural and generational differences were explored. METHOD: Two generations of Mainland Chinese, 50 older adults (age 60-80 years) and 50 younger adults (age 20-30 years), were interviewed individually. Participants first nominated personal acquaintances and historical figures as wisdom exemplars and then gave their own definition of wisdom...
December 7, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926759/mortality-and-prehospital-blood-pressure-in-patients-with-major-traumatic-brain-injury-implications-for-the-hypotension-threshold
#9
Daniel W Spaite, Chengcheng Hu, Bentley J Bobrow, Vatsal Chikani, Duane Sherrill, Bruce Barnhart, Joshua B Gaither, Kurt R Denninghoff, Chad Viscusi, Terry Mullins, P David Adelson
Importance: Current prehospital traumatic brain injury guidelines use a systolic blood pressure threshold of less than 90 mm Hg for treating hypotension for individuals 10 years and older based on studies showing higher mortality when blood pressure drops below this level. However, the guidelines also acknowledge the weakness of the supporting evidence. Objective: To evaluate whether any statistically supportable threshold between systolic pressure and mortality emerges from the data a priori, without assuming that a cut point exists...
December 7, 2016: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926667/sexual-behaviors-and-hiv-status-a-population-based-study-among-older-adults-in-rural-south-africa
#10
Molly S Rosenberg, Francesc X Gómez-Olivé, Julia K Rohr, Brian C Houle, Chodziwadziwa W Kabudula, Ryan G Wagner, Joshua A Salomon, Kathleen Kahn, Lisa F Berkman, Stephen M Tollman, Till Bärnighausen
OBJECTIVE: To identify the unmet needs for HIV prevention among older adults in rural South Africa. METHODS: We analyzed data from a population-based sample of 5059 men and women aged 40 years and older from the study Health and Aging in Africa: Longitudinal Studies of INDEPTH Communities (HAALSI), which was carried out in the Agincourt health and sociodemographic surveillance system in the Mpumalanga province of South Africa. We estimated the prevalence of HIV (laboratory-confirmed and self-reported) and key sexual behaviors by age and sex...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924802/clinical-course-of-acute-kidney-injury-in-elderly-individuals-above-80-years
#11
Isabell Funk, Eric Seibert, Silke Markau, Matthias Girndt
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Aging is associated with renal function decline and elderly patients are more vulnerable to acute kidney injury (AKI). The causes and prognosis of AKI according to new KDIGO definition that broadened the diagnosis and included more patients without dialysis dependence have not yet been compared between younger and elderly patients. METHODS: In a retrospective analysis all patients with AKI admitted to a tertiary care Nephrology department (N=424) were included...
December 8, 2016: Kidney & Blood Pressure Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920951/risk-factors-for-in-hospital-mortality-after-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-in-patients-80%C3%A2-years-old-or-older-a-retrospective-case-series-study
#12
Jacek Piątek, Anna Kędziora, Janusz Konstanty-Kalandyk, Grzegorz Kiełbasa, Marta Olszewska, Bryan HyoChan Song, Karol Wierzbicki, Irena Milaniak, Tomasz Darocha, Dorota Sobczyk, Bogusław Kapelak
BACKGROUND: Age remains a significant and unmodifiable risk factor for cardiovascular diseases, and an increasing number of patients older than 80 years of age undergo Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG). Old age is also an independent risk factor for postoperative complications. The aim of this study is to describe the population of patients 80 years of age or older who underwent CABG procedure and to assess the mortality rate and risk factors for in-hospital mortality. METHODS: A retrospective case-series study analyzing 388 consecutive patients aged 80 years of age or older who underwent isolated CABG procedure between 2010 and 2014 in the Department of Cardiovascular Surgery and Transplantology, John Paul II Hospital, Krakow...
2016: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920409/prevalence-of-igg-mediated-food-intolerance-among-patients-with-allergic-symptoms
#13
Zahid Shakoor, Abrar AlFaifi, Bayan AlAmro, Lama Nabil AlTawil, Rana Yazid AlOhaly
BACKGROUND: Food intolerance mediated by food specific IgG antibodies has been implicated in a variety of disorders. OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of food specific IgG antibodies among patients clinically presenting with allergic symptoms lacking laboratory evidence of allergy. DESIGN: Descriptive retrospective cross-sectional study. SETTING: King Khalid University Hospital, Riyadh between 2010-2015. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients were screened for food specific IgG antibodies...
November 2016: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919851/urgent-ercp-for-acute-cholangitis-reduces-mortality-and-hospital-stay-in-elderly-and-very-elderly-patients
#14
Chan Sun Park, Hee Seok Jeong, Ki Bae Kim, Joung-Ho Han, Hee Bok Chae, Sei Jin Youn, Seon Mee Park
BACKGROUND: Acute cholangitis in old people is a cause of mortality and prolonged hospital stay. We evaluated the effects of methods and timing of biliary drainage on the outcomes of acute cholangitis in elderly and very elderly patients. METHODS: We analyzed 331 patients who were older than 75 years and were diagnosed with acute calculous cholangitis. They were admitted to our hospital from 2009 to 2014. Patients' demographics, severity grading, methods and timing of biliary drainage, mortality, and hospital stay were retrospectively obtained from medical records...
December 2016: Hepatobiliary & Pancreatic Diseases International: HBPD INT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919767/internal-fixation-of-intra-capsular-proximal-femoral-fractures-in-patients-older-than-80-years-still-relevant-multivariate-analysis-of-a-prospective-multicentre-cohort
#15
Nicolas Reina, Paul Bonnevialle, Brice Rubens Duval, Philippe Adam, François Loubignac, Thierry Favier, Philippe Massin
BACKGROUND: Arthroplasty is now widely used to treat intra-capsular proximal femoral fractures (PFFs) in older patients, even when there is little or no displacement. However, whether arthroplasty is associated with lower mortality and complication rates in non-displaced or mildly displaced PFFs is unknown. The objectives of this prospective study were: 1) to evaluate early mortality rates with the two treatment methods, 2) to identify risk factors for complications, 3) and to identify predictors of functional decline...
December 2, 2016: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918170/does-language-help-regularity-learning-the-influence-of-verbalizations-on-implicit-sequential-regularity-learning-and-the-emergence-of-explicit-knowledge-in-children-younger-and-older-adults
#16
Nicola K Ferdinand, Jutta Kray
This study aimed at investigating the ability to learn regularities across the life span and examine whether this learning process can be supported or hampered by verbalizations. For this purpose, children (aged 8-10 years) and younger (aged 19-30 years) and older (aged 70-80 years) adults took part in a sequence learning experiment. We found that verbalizing sequence-congruent information during learning is a powerful tool to generate explicit knowledge and it is especially helpful for younger adults. Although recent research suggests that implicit learning can be influenced by directing the participants' attention to relevant aspects of the task, verbalizations had a much weaker influence on implicit than explicit learning...
December 5, 2016: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916251/differences-in-willingness-to-pay-for-an-extraction-a-filling-and-cleaning-teeth-at-various-levels-of-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-as-measured-by-oral-impacts-on-daily-performance-among-older-adults-in-singapore
#17
Rahul Nair, Robert Yee
OBJECTIVE: To examine the differences in Willingness to pay (WTP) for an extraction, a filling, and cleaning of teeth among older adults with varying levels of Oral Health-related Quality of Life (OHQoL). BACKGROUND: OHQoL has been used extensively to measure utilities as reported by individuals of interest. Currently there are no reports that examine the WTP of individuals at various levels of OHQoL. METHODS: A convenience sample of adults 60 years or older were recruited...
December 2016: Singapore Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914661/statin-discontinuation-and-mortality-in-an-older-adult-population-with-traumatic-brain-injury-a-four-year-multi-centre-observational-cohort-study
#18
Alessandro Orlando, Christine Thomas, Matthew Carrick, D Sue Slone, Charles W Mains, David Bar-Or
INTRODUCTION: Statin discontinuation has been investigated in a wide range of diseases and injuries, but there is a paucity of data in the older adult population with traumatic brain injury (TBI). The purpose of this study was to re-examine the extent to which early discontinuation of pre-injury statin (PIS) therapy increases the risk of poor patient outcomes in older adult patients suffering a TBI. METHODS: This was a retrospective observational cohort study of adult trauma patients with a blunt TBI across three trauma centres over four years...
November 25, 2016: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914506/use-of-high-intensity-statins-for-patients-with-atherosclerotic-cardiovascular-disease-in-the-veterans-affairs-health-system-practice-impact-of-the-new-cholesterol-guidelines
#19
Fatima Rodriguez, Shoutzu Lin, David J Maron, Joshua W Knowles, Salim S Virani, Paul A Heidenreich
BACKGROUND: The November 2013 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association cholesterol guidelines recommend the use of high-intensity statins for patients with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD). We sought to determine how these guidelines are being adopted at the Veterans Affairs (VA) Health System and identify treatment gaps. METHODS: We examined administrative data from the VA 12 months prior to the index dates of April 1, 2013, and after April 1, 2014, to identify patients ≤75 years of age with ≥2 codes for ASCVD...
December 2016: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914473/effectiveness-of-enhanced-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-cbt-e-for-eating-disorders-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Martie de Jong, Kees Korrelboom, Iris van der Meer, Mathijs Deen, Hans W Hoek, Philip Spinhoven
BACKGROUND: While eating disorder not otherwise specified (EDNOS) is the most common eating disorder (ED) diagnosis in routine clinical practice, no specific treatment methods for this diagnosis have yet been developed and studied. Enhanced cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT-E) has been described and put to the test as a transdiagnostic treatment protocol for all EDs, including EDNOS. Initial research in the UK suggests that CBT-E is more effective for EDs, especially bulimia nervosa (BN) and EDNOS, than the earlier version of CBT...
December 3, 2016: Trials
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